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B. M. S. 

No I. \. 





The Tulu language, one of the Dravidian family, is spoken 
only by half a million of people, inhabiting the central part of 
South-Canara. Until recently there was no literature in this 
language, except some legends written on palm-leaves in the 
Malayalam character, in the possession of Brahman families. 
It was only after the arrival of the Basel Missionaries in this 
district (1834) that some books were written and printed in 
the Basel Mission Press, the most important being a translation 
of the New Testament, Avhich was completed in 1847, and 
of which a new typographical edition was issued in 1859. 
Other publications intended for the use of the church and 
schools followed in course of time, and in 1872 Rev. J. Brigel 
compiled a Tulu Grammar, which w^e recommend to those 
interested m that language. For writing, a modification of the 
Malayalam alphabet was in vogue till the Basel Mission Press 
employed Canarese characters in printing. 

2. The compilation of a vocabulary was commenced some 
30 years ago. The Rev. G. Kammerer, who died in 1858, left U 
manuscript containing about 2000 words. The author took this 
vocabulary in hand and continued adding to it from all avail- 
able sources, without in the least contemplating the printing 
of the same. In 1883, however, the question of printing a 
Tulu Dictionary was first mooted, and further steps having been 
taken in the matter, the Government of Madras was pleased to 
defray the cost of its publication. 


3. A Transliteration iu Latin characters of every word will, 
especially for beginners, facilitate the use of the book. The 
appended list (p. viii.) will show the rules according to which the 
transliteration has been made. 

4. Special attention should be paid to words sounding 
alike, viz : 

t>^ palli, a lizard. ^^ palli, a mosque, 

e??? ane, an anna. ^^ me, an elephant. 

^^^ muttu, a pearl. Tkiozij^ muddu, a hiss. 

^^^ madipu, a fold. ■^a^ madipu, a consultation. 

5. Although it is customary in Dravidian Dictionaries to 
give the crude form of the Verb, it was thought better to give 
first the Infinitive form, as the conjugation of the verb is depen- 
dent on the ending of the Infinitive. The Eoot, however, is given 
after the transliteration. The three terminations of the Infinitive 
are as follows: 

1. <^r^ uni, as §j5 -]-eA)c':) = §odos) voduni, to read; 

2. 4o^ puni, „ ^f + ;§» =-do«o^N malpuni, to do; 

3. t^^> pini, „ s;3 +S;o) =^jst:^ tiipini, to see. 

As the formation of the Causative form is sometimes rather 
intricate and the meaning is often difterent from that attached 
to the root, it has been thought best to introduce the causative 
form as a seperate word. 

6. As to the Adjectives, only the simple -ones have been 
especially mentioned; all others which are either Adjective- 
Participles, or Nouns converted into Adjectives either by different 
terminations, as the Dative, Locative and Genitive, or by adding 
Adjective-Participles (^.B^ itti, ca)^ uppu, eyoso ayl, eU.), have been 
omitted, as the student can easily convert any Noun into an 
Adjective whenever required. 

7. In a similiar manner it ought to be stated that all pro- 
per Adverbs have been specially pointed out; those, however, 
which are either Datives or Locatives or Nouns with Verbal 
Participles (e?S adu) have been omitted for the above reason. 


8. The Tulu language does not possess many words with 
abstract meaning's. The Gerund of every verb may, however, 
be used in this sense, for instance, §joio?i4 wodunavu reading, ^^s^ 
n4 tiipinavu observation. Besides this there are some other deriv- 
ations, as 4'3?a7^ vodige of 4/3?^a voduni, ^s^ ^ hecci^e of ^^^^ ?^ 
heccuni, &^^ Jappel^ of ^r^o^ Jappuni, ac^6 dinjeliji of aosij^ 
dinjuni, ^^^ tarte of ^t>Tio^ taruui, ^o^r murte of -d^r^-do^ muruni, 
eic. Such abstract words, if not found in this Dictionary, can 
easily be formed by means of the Infinitive. 

9. The meanings of many words might have been consider- 
ably increased, but for the sake of brevity we have, (especially 
in the case of words derived from Sanskrit), given only the most 
usual ones. 

10. It should be taken into consideration that not only the 
different castes of the Tulu speaking people have their own 
peculiarities of expression and pronunciation, e.£-. for "wed- 
ding" Brahmans say "^(vdot^ kalyana, Pariahs say z^ri^^ badatana, 
and othet caste people say ^5^o mad^me, but that there are also 
three local distinctions of dialect, viz., a southern, a northern 
and an eastern one, in which similar peculiarities exist; for 
instance : 

S. ^^-ft podepini, ^ ^^sadi,^ ^^^ tnde, u ^-^^^^ tupini, ^• 
N. #:2L^ pcdepini, o esa tadi, 6 7io£ sude, .^ 7ij&t^. supini, ^ 

'-J i-l t-l Q 

E. ^tH^Si pudepuni, o ss^ahadi, c5 S:o;£ hude, a ^c.^-rs hupini, -^ 

11. As to the adoption of Sanskrit, words besides those in 
common use with the people in connection with their worship, 
a ^number of words have been received which are current among 
Tulu Brahmans only, though not all ; and there are also some 
words which owe their introduction to Christianity. The Tulu 
people also use a number of words which were originally Cana- 
rese, Malayalam and Hindustani; of these only the most com- 
mon ones have been introduced here. 

12. The names of about 600 Plants will be found in this 
collection. About half are taken from "Five Hundred Indian 


Plants"' by C. Stolz, and the others have been obtained in other 
ways, careful investigation being required in some cases. 

13. A Supplement of about 200 new words is appended. 

14. For List of Abbreviations see. the following page. 

1.5. In the preparation of this Dictionary the following 
works have been consulted: Canarese Dictionary by W. Reeve, 
Malayalam Dictionary by Dr. H, Gundert, and Sanskrit Dictionary 
by Dr. Th. Benfey. 

16. In conclusion the author desires to record the great 
obligations he is under, to the Munshis Messrs. Madhvaraya of 
Caup, Sitarama of Mulki, Sarvottama Pei of Mangalore, and 
Catechist Israel Aarons for the assistance given him, and 
among some others, he is also indebted to the corrector of 
the Mission Press, Mr. Sivarau, who has been of very great 
service to him in carrying the work through the press. He 
nevertheless regrets certain errors which have crept into the 
work, and for which he craves the forbearance of the critic. 
These have been noted in the Errata. 

Mangalore, October 1886. A.. Jl» 






= literally. 





= locative. 





= masculine. 





= negative. 



word peculiar to Tulu 

■n. or 

neut. = we\x.iQY. 



= numeral. 





= opposite. 





= perfect tense. 

c. d. 


cum dative. 


=^ participle. 

^/ . 


confer, compare. 

p. or pi 

3rs. = person. 





= plural. 

C. V. 


causative verl). 

post p. 

= postposition. 





= potential. 





= preposition. 

def. V. 


'/. V. = defective verb. 


= pronoun. 



for example. 


= proverb. 





= past tense. 





= Roman Catholic 





= substantive. 

f. t. 


future tense. 


^ Sanskrit. 





= singular. 





= slang word. 




-d. a. 

= verb active. 



V. n. 

= verb neuter. 




V. refi. 

= verb reflexive. 





= vulgar word. 


a. Vowels. 

S5 a 


a tn about. 



as e 

in met. 

^ a 


a „ far. 


e (Jinal) as a 

„ mat. 

'3 i 


i „ him. 



as e 

« gi-ey. 

■^ i 


i „ police. 


31, ai, 

oi „ ei 

„ height. 

SAj U 


u „ full. 


(wo) ., 

„ not. 

erug u 


u „ rule. 


(wo) „ 

„ note. 

adj ri^, 

vocalised r. 


ou, au „ 01 

I „ house. 

(s5j3 ru 




Tj. (kal/vL) as e in the French iq. 

b. Medials. 

o=n 3^(?r^ 

^. so, A, ^, 33. 


= m before 3i, ^^ 

20, 8[S. 



ii, e^, Si, :i\0, f^. 


„ cdo.ri 

, £», ^, ^, si, Sj, ^. 



w, •^, rf, t;^, f«. 

3 = 

h, vocalised. 



^, qi, oi, ^, fi. 

<?. Cons 


"^ ka 


ka in kalendar. 



the dental da. 

ID kha 


ka aspirated. 





'i ga 


ga in gander. 



the dental na. 

v-^ fflia 


g& aspirated. 



as pa 

/« parrot. 

22 na 


ng in singing. 


„ pa 


2^ ca 


ch „ chapter. 



„ ha 

in bat. 

(lij cha 

ca aspirated. 



„ ha 


ti ja 


ja ijz jam. 



. . ma 

zVz mad. 

dip jha 

ja aspirated. 



« ya 

« yam. 

''£C na 


nya in bunyan. 



„ ra 

n i-ag. 

ei ta 

the cerebral ta. 



„ la 

„ lap. 

j:^ tha 

ta aspirated. 




„ va 

„ van. 

d da 


cerebral da. 



„ sha 

„ sham. 

c^ dha 

da aspirated. 



„ sha 

„ marshal. 

rs na 


cerebral na. 



„ sa 

„ sat 

^ ta 

the dental ta. 



„ ha 

„ ham. 

qi tha 

ta aspirated. 



the cerebral I. 

=CT ksha as ksha in Lakshmi. 



^ a, The first letter of the al- 
phabet; 2. an interjection of 
surprise; 3. when prefixed to 
nouns derived from Sanskrit 
beginning with a consonant, 
it denotes negation, as rii^o 
truth, 55;^^o untruth; before 
a vowel «5 'becomes ©^, as 
€90^ end, ^t^o^ endless. 

-eiio^ auka, s. Fight, war, battle, 
combat; 2. cock-fight; 3. a 
mark, sign. — crooSo a combat- 
ant, wrestler. —^ eo^^crfjsS a 
field or place for cock-fighting. 
— ?f53io?) to fight, to wrestle. 

e3o=CTC3 aukana, s. The space bet- 
ween two cross beams or pil- 
lars (supporting a roof) ; 2. a 
quadrate, square; 3. a small 
room, compartment. — sjst^osi 
to upset. 

eso^SDOjj^ ankayana, s. A temple 
feast; see zfcuo^. 


S5o-§-^ ankita, s. A mark; adj. 
marked. — sijsrfo^ to affix one's 
signature to any writing; 2. to 
dedicate a work; 3. to put a 

S3o'ctOcIj3o^o ankudonku,^. Crook- 
edness; adj. hent, crooked. 

S5o=^o^ ankusa, s. A goad, hook 
used to drive an elephant with. 

S5a-S-^^ ankipuni (©o-S-), v. a. To 
cipher, count, reckon (in 

^o^anke, s. A numerical figure. 

^o^Jt^dd dod ankoleda mara, 
s. Alangium dccapetalinn 

e3oA* angij, -S". Greediness, eager- 
ness. — 20oc^?), — ^S^s> to be 
greedy, covetous ; cf. esoTxa^si. 

S3o7f njs)^^ ang'gsavuni(?5oA«?^), 
v.a. To reproach, despise; 2. 
to disregard; 3. to arraign; 
also e9o?N?fej^S), 3ocA»ris4^- 


s5ori anga 

s?or\ anga 

yor! anga, s. A limb, member; 
2. the body. ^so-Ko-Rj&o^o tlie 
members of the bod}'. 

Sioii^drs angakarana, s. The in- 
struments of action, as ^^ 
mind, srotr speech, s^^^io body. 

y orlii^jS anga>meri, ^. The hair 
of the body. 

e5ori^3D3 angajari, s. A name of 
§1^, the foe of Cupid. 

?5ori^ angaje, s. The god of love, 
^•do; 2. a son; 3. desire. 

^oria angadi, .y. A shop, stall. 
—uiDoSo, — A^i3 a shopkeeper. 

eoTira angana, ^. The space 
around a temple or demon- 
shrine; 2. a courtyard, the 
space in front of a house. 

eoris^ii angatapa, s. Heat of the 
body; 2. fatigue. 

esond^angadane,^. Thirst. ~^^ 
ibr^ to give to drink. — zibr?) 
to drink. 

S3orid angade, s. The name of a 
celebrated monkey, the son 
of zss€. 

^oTiiio^^ angapankijL, s. The hair 
about the privities, rig-. 

e5oiisiS^=^ angaparlkshe, s. Anato- 

e3orl4^^ angapuje, s. Worship- 
ping the different members of 
an idol. 

°5crti^,rf^cl angapradakshane, s. 
EoUing the body after the car 
of an idol or round a temple, 
as a penance or in fulfilment 
of a vow; see ^t^^n. 

esorisf^^G^^angabesar^,^. Fatigue, 

e3or(d=CT angarakshe, s. Personal 

protection, preservation, safe- 

?5or(d^=a angareke, s. A coat, 
jacket, vesture. 

esoiidJJi^^J angaroma, s. The hair 
of the body, 

^oTi-ij^ , s3or!5JDd angalappu, 
angalapa, s. Covetousness, in- 
ordinate desire, eagerness of 
gain. — ~^"-' to be of inordi- 
nate desire; 2. to endeavour, 
try. —i^soSo a covetous person. 

^orid^ angavastra, s. An upper 
garment, a towel. 

S5or\^€ angasikshe, s. Penance; 
2. mortification of the body in 

e5o^!^!.^§ angasuci s. Ceremonial 
purity; 2. a thrashing, beat- 

eorixjori angasanga, ^. Sexual in- 

s5orl?3Dqic5 angasadhane, s. Gym- 
nastics, bodily exercise. 

^oiikO) angasiddhi, s. Prosperity, 

ycrl?iJS5,angasutra,i'. The pulse; 

2, a kind of girdle; see ^% 

S3or!;^ angase, s. A particular 
kind of building, the front 
part of which is used as a 
shop and the back part as a 
private dwelling; 2. a towel, 

e5or(?3j2^ angasonne, s. A sign 

s3o?i anga 

S3oK anna 

made with the finger, bead, 
eye, etc. 

^oiMaofi ang-ahimse, s. Corpo- 
ral punishment. ~-^'^^^v> to 
wound, punish. 

e5orl3o??^ angahina, adj. Maimed. 

S3or;=^^;io angakshema, s. Bodily 

S5or5«)or! anganga, adj. All, of 

every kind; see sscsjoes. 
S5oAs)0* angary, s. The sole of 

the foot. 
^on^c! angara, i". Tuesday. 

e5or\«)Ci=CT angaraka, s. A black 

stroke put on the forehead. 
eSoAtiC)=^ angarake, s. The planet 

Mars. eecAST^s^s^-d Tuesday. 

2. Tuesday. 
iJon'srf,?^ angavuni, c.v. {of ©o 

AOS)), To yawn, gape, open (as 

the mouth). 
550^ angi, .y. A long gown, or 

e5oh^^ angidpini (s9o?n5), ^'. :^. 

To be greedy, covetous; see 

under 55 cK. 
esoh^^ angipuni (®c^), 7'. «. To 

wish, be greedy of. 
S5oh-j-s)4^ angisavuni (©o?\?te), 

7'. «. To reproach; see ©oKsfe 

4S), 5ooK;o34S). 
S5or\^=5i)dangikara, .y. Reception, 

admission; 2. acceptation.— ^ 

s;*o^a, ssc'Ao^Big^ to accept, re- 
s^ohPd;^ angirasa, i". The name 

of a Hindoo saint. 

e5or!oy, ^orio^, anguta, angushta, 
s. The thumb; 2. the great 
toe ; also ^s^ot^:^^},. 

e5orio^ anguni (s^cK), v. n. To 
open; 2. to be seized with 
a fit of vawning; as ecrooso eso 
Aoo-rfo the mouth opens; 3. to 

yorljej angula, s. An inch; 2. a 
finger, the thumb, great toe; 
3. the name of a saint. 

P5orio?j;?^^ angustani, -s-. A thim- 

s5or^e;, e3or^^ angela, angela, ^. 
A native inch equal to about 
\\ of the English inch; see 


^or^sj angele, s. A greedy per- 
son, glutton. 

k5of\\ angel, i". The palm of the 
hand. — Xocathe cavity of the 
hand. — ^?^ the lines on the 
palm of the hand ; see oori t??^. 
—■6:^::io-K^ ^^^^^ to lick the palm 
and back of the haDd;y_^-. to 
be greedy. 

esorlJS^sjDori angopanga (efoX- 
c'o^s9ca), s. The members of 

the body. 

e5o?^JS?^ angostra (escX-^^), j. 
An upper garment, a towel. 

e3oKo2C, s3oEo2c5j5^j annanna, 
annannolu, ^. All the limbs; 
see ©CA^oA. 

53o2cr3 annana, see «5c7\r®. 

Wo^rsjc ^ annanyuni (esc83c?«), ^;_(^, 
To be greedy of, to covet ; c/. 


eo2C- anne 

?5o^* ant^ 

?5oK-':3,annele, see 'ScM. 

S3025 anca, adz'. So, thus, like, 
after that way or manner; 
2. t'fzL yea, even so. esoEioezz 
there, that side, a little fur- 
ther on. isztrscri if it be so, 
however. e9ot3>)05jf5S , ©ctjs 

z^-cyosj^s?:;*? ^-d) for that rea- 
son, on that account, there- 
fore. e5c8lS^ such. 
^o'^6 anc'ade, adv. So, just so. 

S3c£^^, yoZc^ ancane, ancene, «<^^. 
Just so, even so. — ^o^o^a to 
do so, to do in like manner. 

ec^is^ ancal, s. The post, tapal. 
—^ozidS a post-horse. — crooSo 
a postman. 

eo^^ aiici, adv. Thither, that 
side; 2. beyond, esoelrf z/sij 
the other part, ^czih ?icdo^ 
to die, expire, decease. e9o 
2lc8l here and there, hither 
and thither, to and fro. 

^oZ^A, ?5ota=^ ancige ancike, see 

^c^ac3DoSj ancidaye, s. A post- 

S5oz*J^ aiicuni (a?''*^), z'. <2. To 
lurk, as 5i# -^^cS ©csiootSj the 
cat lies in wait for the bird; 
V. n. to be importunate. 

^oUTt anjana, see ^org^-^. 

?5oti^«)j3^S anjanadevi, s. The 
wife of sDcdoo {\\\Q god of 
wind) and mother of oojiodoc^, 

the famous monkey general; 
2. the black goddess. 

«5otiei'^^:;^^* anjalijimin^, 6". A 
kind of fish. 

?3oe2?^, 53023=^ anjig-e, anjike, ^. 
Fear, alarm, fright; 2. shy- 
ness, --^^o^^to fear, be afraid 
of, be alarmed, be frightened: 
2. to be shy. —crooSo a coward, 
timid person. 

e5ot5ojjo^, S5c2^j?i anjiyuni, an- 
juni (e5c^, ^o2aS), v. n. To 
fear. s5c3;ojrooSo a coward, 
timid person. 

eoz^JSu anjura, Ji". A fig. — ^oSr 
a ripe fig. —-^-^ the glome- 
rous fig tree. 

530^53 anjele, s. A timid fel- 

«3o'oi?^ annana s. A collyrium or 
ointment applied to the eyes- 
(^see 55^/^) ; 2. particular ap- 
plications, as lampblack, anti- 
mony etc. ; 3. a kind of medi- 

■» cine for the eyes; also e£>o 
a;^. —ui^'B antimony. — tto'S, 
—cDoS:) necromancer, conjurer, 
soothsayer, also ^o&fScrooSo. 
—ssrfo^ to put a sharp medi- 
cine or collyrium into the 
eyes; 2. to conjure. 

?5oej^ ant^j, J. Gum, paste, resin; 
2. adhesion, —t^toj^ to come 
in contact with, to touch; 
2. to follow, pursue ; 3. to 
stick, adhere to. —z^rki?:^ to 
gum, paste. ?5c6:sb^ to be- 
come adhesive. 

650^3* antu 

s3o^ anta 

^oiftisd^ ant\ipattu, adj. Adhe- 
sive, attractive. 

tSokJJ^ antuni, v.n. To adhere, 
stick; v. a. to paste; 2. to 

^oz^ andij, s. The buttocks; ©o 
5K 8jo3§ ^0?? a stool to sit 
upon. esoSrfjSr- a small under 


•^od anda, 6-, An egg, that which 
is oval shaped. — &!s3 the 
oviparous class, as bird, fish 

•?5o3^rJ* andas^, s. A kind of fish; 

?5o^ andi, ^. A germ of mangoes 
ek. — eoja-do^ fruits to put 
forth; also sdoso ^^.^. 

tJoSre^D*, s5o^^fo3D^ andinar^, 
andipunariji, ^. The name of a 
tree. Car alii a ivitegerrima. 

t5o^ ande, s. The vessel of a 
toddy-drawer for putting tod- 
dy in; 2. a vessel made of 
hollow bamboo or nut-shell. 

^0TO"3^^ annavuni (©owb), v. a. 
To raise or lift up the head 
or face; 2. to peep. 

S5o?sj^^o3j annukayi, J". Cocoa- 
nut and plantains offered to 
an idol; see sooreo^oso. _ ^ja 
Ibr^, — -rfos^^o^^ to offer cocoa- 
nuts and plantains. 

■^ofl anne, 5. An elder brother ; 
2. a maternal uncle; 3. an 
elderly man. 

e5o:^ anta, s. End, finale. 

^o:^8=s^dr3 antahkarana, s. The 

internal sense; 2. the heart, 
the mind; 3. y^. mercy; also 

e3os8^d antahpura, ^. A seraglio, 
the queen's apartment. 

^os^u antake,^.Yama,the Indian 

e5osD*c* antadpu, s. A clue, 
hint, inkling (as of a secret). 

^ottjot antapanta, ^. Competi- 
tion, vying; 2. prowess. 

§3o:sd antara, s. Intermediate 
space, interval; 2. difference, 
disparity; 3. rank. — 3'oS^'f, 
_3^o£^f, -^oijs^^j the inter- 
mediate posts of a roof. 

e5o^doii antaranga, s. The mind, 
heart ; 2. a secret ; 3. secrecy; 
in loc. secretly. 

55o3dr(o?1 antaragang-e, s. Pistia 
straiiosa\ cf. f)?t;^u, 

©o^OsJosd antarantara, i'. Dis- 
tinction of rank. 

e3o3D^eJ,yo3D,e3,yo£DD^, anta- 

rata, antrata, antarashtra, s. 
Mid-space, mid-air, included 
space, interval; esoi^csBja^s?^ 
lit. 'he is in the atmosphere', 
used for one who has died 
and has no rest; l.fg- he is 
in a dilemma, he is not 

S3osO^^, e5o^Q?oO^, ^o^OOJJJ^, 
antaripuni, antarisuni, antari- 
yuni (e5co8), v. n. To end; 
2. to die; 3. to differ. 

e5o:^j3r?2 antardese, ^. The un- 
known fate. 

^0^ anta 


S5oc^ anna 

^o^^JtiFUf antarmad^, s. An 

under roof. 
eso^oijF antarya ^. The inner 

]part; 2. the heart, mind. 
esosJ^jFcrs antarsunua, s. The 

beam on the walls. 
£3osjr1 antuga, s. Total. 

S3os?7c antast^, s. An upper 
store or room ; 2. a secret. 

S3o£!^ antya, ^. End, completion; 
a^?/". last, final, ultimate. — sse; 
the time of death. 

e5o£3^ andu, ^. 7'. Yes, yea. — e?c±) 
^o> to be true. — efl;^) to be 
brought up; 2. to be verified, 
proved. — «'osj true. — tfoso 
s^^::J a true word: ^ouzoso 
s:;doi?,?ao ?jocroorfo ^^22 ///. there 
IS no gainsaying the truth. 
— '^^^^-'i to prove, improve. 
^cxzzis it so? is it true? also 
calling attention. 

S5oC3*od andijnda {condl.form of 
«5r^r^), a^'f. Namely, that is 
to say. 

e5o£3''£3' andudi^ {past part, of 
es^^ used as) conj. {lit. Hav- 
ing said,) that, e^^r s9o55 

-oz§ he said that he would 

S3od anda, ^. Form, shape; 2. 
beauty, elegance, handsome- 
ness, symmetry; 3. purport. 
adj. beautiful, pretty; — 7v)t3, 
a handsome man. —-^-^h^ to 
decay, wane. 

e3od2^od andacanda, adj. Very 
handsome, very pleasant. 

?3oCo7^, ^orf^ andage, andake, s. 
A blind man, a man of defec- 
tive vision; 2. a cripple. 

55orfr3 andana, s. A kind of pa- 

?5cdo3j andaye, .y^^ ©ocrooSo. 

S5od:^;v, andasya, ^i?^ e5oj3e^. 

S5oCj?o andassa, i". Darkness, 
blackness. — 3:sK a very dark 
place. ~>>-^=i hell of dark- 

e5o3j"S) anda, ^^^ under ©^S 

£3ouJi)2do, esocjDtS andaju, andaji, 

s. Estimate. — -rfo^os^^ to make 

an estimate. 
S5o£o30Sj andayi, see under e£)o5. 
S3o£3c)o3j andaye (escS-o-oSo), j-. A 

consenter, one who consents! 

2./. /. (?/ ssccroL^, ^. under 

ejoS^^^D* andipunar, .y^-e ©cS 

55oj3, S5od^ ande, ande, /V//. of 
■^entreaty, addressing, calling 

eocSfsJ, L'od^^j andesa, andesa, i". 
Doubt, hesitation; 2. shy- 

e5oi;j=a5)d andhakara, s. Darkness. 

^oT^f\ andhage {^-'4^)-. s. A blind 
man; see esorfA 

^^oqjDdec^jFD^ andhadarbar^, ^. A 
blind government; 2. tyran- 
ny. — ujdoSo a tyrant, mis- 

S3oFj anna, i". Food, esp. cooked 
rice. —ui>Tt a gift of food. 

S30N anna 

e5odJ amma 

^0?^^ annadi, s. A homeless per- 
son, pauper; 2. a simpleton; 

«3oa$^ ampuni, see ^o?o:)?i. 

^ozo, $3023-3, e3oz3j3 amba, amba, 
ambo, s. Bellowing, lowing 
2. a cry, noise. ~z3trid^ to bel- 
low, low (like a calf). 

?5ow^, S5o20(i ambate, ambade, s. 
The wild mango, hogplum. 
— -rfo-d, a hogplum-tree, Spon- 
dias mangifera. 

?5oWC3 ambara, i". The sky; 2. 
cloth, apparel; rJ^s^caoLJ a 
purple cloth. ©oao^oaDL? a 
name of ^rf. 

S5o2Jd^ ambarappu, j-. Hurry, 
confusion, perplexity. — aaoSo 
a perplexed man. ©oso&g ^e 
b^, ©odsS— to become per- 

esoZJS, eo23"33 ambari, ambari, 
s. An elephant's saddle, how- 

e3c2053^ ambal\i, j". Tipsiness, 
drunkenness; 2. drowsiness: 
^^rf 59oaDc55z;oz§ (I or he) told 
(it) in drowsiness of sleep, 

^ozoej ambala, see esoeSe;. 

e3o2J«)-S-2;° ambikil^, i-. A kind of 
verandah; 2, an outer gate 
or door. 

S302S ambi, i". Cow-dung. 

eSo^^A^d ambigare, s. A boat- 
man; r/.' e5c2007\^T?. 

S5ozl?^ ambige, J". A hunter; see 

S3o:io ambila, s. The place a- 
round or in front of a tem- 
ple; 2. a verandah around a 

sjoWj ambu, s. Water. 

O5o2oo ambu, s. An arrow. — t^^ 

a hunter. 
S3o20J7^ ambuge, ^. The flower of 

Arum colocosia\ cf. ^e^, 
esoWJ^ ambuni (®o) B., v. a. To 

do, make; i^. e9o5^s>, ^004?), 

?3o20j€) ambuli, s. A kind of pap 
or gruel of ragi c*?' rice. 

^ozS'ambe, i". A goddess, sj^^rS; 
^.^^cd a dumb goddess; iy^ 


eJozSTgDD* ambekar^, ^. Walking 
^r crawling on hands andfeet. 
— sjstao^, _?irf4^ to crawl. 

^oti'^ ambepu, s. Mango blos- 

s3o2ju ambela, see ^z-S)^. 

e5oz3^ amba, see ©020. 

S5oz3j5i^ ambodi, J. A kind of 
dance or mock-fight among 
the Pariahs. 

e5oz3j3cl ambode, ^. A kind of 
fried cake. 

e5oz3jSsJj,ambottu, J. Arrogance, 
pride; also ^o-^js^ . Sj&qdi-s 
4^i to be arrogant. 

eiodo amma, ^. A lady; ^js&odoo 
^J Kali. 

esc^jsjdo^j ammapaddeyi, s. eu- 
phem./or Small-pox. 

e5osJjDijc> ammayya, int. of sor- 
row or pain. 

yo^o amme 


«5?i a»a 

eo^i) amme, s. A father; f5?£J^o 
^, ^5oi3c^ an elder uncle; 
Bd oo^ a younger uncle 
(father's, not mother's bro- 
ther) ; esc^odd^ I if. nou- 
rishing father, foster father, 
adoptive father; pi. efo-rfjaiSo,; 

^0^J5=?j^ amottu, ^t"^ 55cs5;s^. 

SjosJ amsa, ^. Part, share, por- 
tion. — i5o^o^s> to divide, ap- 

?5o?iamsa, ^. A goose, swan; also 


S5o?;j^^d, amsapada, s. A caret, 
asterisk; 2. a prop; c/! ^ori 

?58, e5co ah, aha, zV?/. Ah! eh! 

S3^d, S5^Dd, akara, akara, adv. 
There, yonder, far; also ^"^^5. 

§5=5*23* akal^, see ^^^6. 
y=g*A,^ akasmika, adj. Accident- 
al, sudden, unexpected. 
S5=s^d akara, s. The letter e?; ^. 

y^^?-) akala, adj. Untimely, un- 
seasonable. —^^r« premature 

e5^^1r akirti, i". Infamy, dis- 

^v\t^ akri^tya, s. InicLuity; adj. 
wicked, bad. 

S5#^&, akeri, s. End; indat. or 
loc. at or about the end, final- 
ly; also eys^i^D. 

§5^, =J=^ akka, akke, j-. An elder 
sister; 2. an elderly woman. 

^=CT.^,, y€j5,^j akkakka, akkolu, 
s. Part; aiit-. asunder. — Qe 
h^ to put asunder, divide. 

^^OoOr akkayya, ^. An affection- 
ate mode of addressing an 
elderly woman. 

S5=^0* akkar^, s. An atom ; also 

S9^,Srf sa : ^Fi e93^.5d 3^'a cdre^ 

;i)oy,o3o I shall not touch a 

bit of you. 
es^dr akkarva, s. The last words 

of a dying person. 
55=0,5:* akkal\^, ^. Sense, intellect, 


understanding; reflection. — '^ 
wo a to be out of wits. 
e5-S\ akki, .?. Rice, corn, used 


only in compos.^ e.g. ri'^^^^, 
a coarse kind of rice; o£o?e)^ 
cardamom ; see ©£>. 

ss^e'S* akklka, s. A kind of pre- 
cious stone, sardius. 

^^o,tl)^ akkuduni (^550,5), v. a. 
To hang, suspend. 

55X^^ akrama, s. Irregularity, 
abnormity, confusion. ss^tSjs 
S irregularly, disorderly. e5 
^•;:53dO30 wrong. 

esriK!^ aganita, adj. Countless, 

^^tM,^ ag-atya, s. Need, necessity, 
want ; adj. urgent, important. 

S5ri?ji)4c^ agapluni, c. v. {of esX 
^?>), To send away, cause to 

esri^^ agapuni (esX), v.7i. To 
remove, depart, v. a. to sepa- 
rate; 2. extend. 

£5r! a^a 

yri, agra 

?5ri53s:^ agapelu, s. Separation; 
2. despatch. 

esridj agama, (idj. Fixed, immov- 

e5r(D^, e3?i^^ agar^, agal^, s. A 
fort ditch, trench, moat; 2. 
wall ; wsS^ui 55A5a saltpan. — ^ 
■^^^ to dig a trench. 

e3r\dorioqj agarugandha, ^. Red 

sandal wood, Aquilaria agal- 

S5.'i?3^t!D* agasenari^, i". The lin- 

plant; 2. flax. 
e5ri?5djdagasemara,^. The name 

of a tree, Agati grandifiora. 

^f\^_^ agastya, s. The name of 
a Hindu saint; 2. necessity, 
bet. &7\^o. 

?3Ai)a aglta, rt;^'. Not danger- 

e5r5iqj agadha, s. An abyss. «t^". 
bottomless, deep; 2. very dif- 

^r\^ agini, see s97n^. 

oritiJ' agil^, s. A kind of tree; 
'g^i£>7^6 Agallochum. 

e?iocl agude, ^. A furnace, fire 
for warming. 

e^rlodo aguru, see ©XS. 

ssriooj^ aguruni (©aoS), v. n. 
To totter, stagger. 

^f\'<f ageli^, .?. A kind of demon 
worship with food etc. — ^ceSo 
worship of demons and ser- 
pents with food-offering. — ^o 
^^ ^jshF^ to give such offer- 
ings to demons, etc. 

^f\o^-, ^-dft-ij-, ^jiTi'o^-rioi^ ageliji-, 

agela-, agalu-gandha, s. Aloes; 

see wX'doAo:^. 
^f\^ agela, s. Breadth; adj. 

y?^\e)od ageludda, ^.Length and 

^Aj^€, s3i^J3^ agoli, agoli, s. A 

large vessel. 
^f\j$^zi:5 agocara,«<^". Invisible; 

2. incomprehensible. 
"jri agga ^. Cheapness. «?ad B 

cheaply, ©tvd coo mean. 

^TioDi^, e5A^ r:;^ aggalasu, aggu- 

s^, adj. Cheap. [®^> 

^r\ aggi, -J- Hunger; 2. fire; 3^/. 

esAodoo^, S5/ioo^ aggiyuni, ag- 
yuni (s^K), v. a. To chew, bite. 

S57^ agge, s. The shoot of a 

?3A7)F^, S5r»n^, 55rio^?i agnana, 
agyana, agyena, s. Ignorance; 

©rv agni, ^. Fire. 

wr^ agra, J". Front, top; 2. a sore- 

mouth, aphthae, the thrush; 

^odj3^ ©Aj, ^5 e£)Aj, ^jsu e^Aj, 

^ esX), ?d3ir csaj, varieties of 

soremouth. — s3e5 a kind of 

root for soremouth. 
55ri rirfc- agraganye, ^. The chief; 

2. one who is regardless of 

yri ?jt)€agrasale,^. A dining hall; 

2. a cooking place in temples. 
erf,^ agraste,^. A headman, pre- 

sident. manager. 

SSA?, agra 


^u aja 

%3T^t), «5rj3i-5C!agrara,agrahara, 

s. A Brahmin village. 
^■^ agha, ^. Sin; 2. passion. 

e^J?;?5^ aghora, «(^'. Terrible, 

fierce, dreadful. 
e2:^c2^^>acancala,«</y.Firm, fixed, 

decided. — ©^ firmness, deci- 

e^'w^d acara, adj. Immovable; 

2. inanimate. 
^"i^'o acala, ^. A mountain; adj. 

S5Z§JS?Cic acodya, adj. Curious, 

&^ acca, adj. Pure, unmixed, 

genuine; cf. Ti^-d^. 
^1^ d accade, s. A peculiar kind 


of cloth to put on; 2. a wrap- 
per ; cf. 3ig^^. 

s«£c d, accada, s. A red mark 
put on the forehead; 2. a 
mixture of raw rice and red 
powder ; also ^'^'^■ 

iSZr; acci, s. A form, model; 
2. a weaver's reed, —z::^^:^^ 
to print, to coin. — ^i ^d a 
model made of wood; an 

^3i^=ub^ accikatt^, s. Conveni- 
ence, fitness, adj. neat, com- 
pact commodious. 

e^o zf -i^accibella, s. Country sugar, 
jaggory made of sugarcane. 

etio ajam, s. The process of di- 
gestion or consumption; also 
^3iG. -£?L^ to be digested; 
to be exhausted. 

S52^os ajanta, ^^//. Many, all: «5 
&;c^ aifi^'jsTSjctl) plenty people 
come together. 

^Stios a,]ante, ^. An attendant. 

e52i=a^Q*ajakijil^,^. Yawning, gap- 
ing. — f^5L^ to yawn, gape. 

e5ti=a5)OSo ajakayi, s. Cocoanut. 

—zisjF^ to break cocoanuts 

(in a kind of play). 
e52^# ajake, s. Idleness. —^ ^^i 

■c; idle talk, -crsoro a babbler. 
^ti'cc/ ajakelu, >v. Relapse. 

S5t;i^Jl^5i;j, aTakolu. s. The rope 
^r cane for putting clothes 

^Zi^ ajane, s. Thenoise of a thief, 
goblin, e/c. 

n"^, yiicC^ ajapu, ajabu, adj'. 

a. To 

Strange, wonderful 
ejtia^^j ajapuni (553=), 

select, choose. 
S5ti^ ajappu, s. Selection. 552:^ 

s^^ selected. 
^tiz:!>J?r^ ajamasu, s. Estimate; 

2. deliberation; 3. trace, 

esz^^ot) ajamila, sse esa^-so-c. 
S3t5^0i7l)^i ajameisuni, v. a. To 

deliberate, trace; 2.toesti 

ssz^dS ?5Z;iOior ajariji, ajarya, adj. 

Imperishable, not decaying. 
S5tdO ajara s. A kind of moss; 

e32iS3^ ajali^, s. A portion, part. 

—cacSo a customer. 
estiiS^ ajalipi, s. Fate. 

^23^ aja 


^U, atti 

e5E3^rll ajagrate, s. Carelessness. 

^i3ii^°4 ajamila, s. The name 
of a fabulous Brahmin. 


S523i)dj ajame, s. A barber; beL 

^23=^ aTike, sec e9&^. 
?522€^^ ajikelu, ^^^ S53i#^. 

wsS^o^^ ajikurve, ^. A sower's 
basket; also ©tSs'joo^. 

e523r!023 ajiguji, s. A crushing. 

^2Bt>, S5t3^ ajipa, ajippa, mipi. 
Sixty; «/.y^ ^sS^i. 

552? d; J, esd ajime, ajme, 5. A 
crook. —^ ^^ a grinding- 
stone (for medicine efc). 

est^D* ajiri^, s. A blue oyster. 
—"il an unfortunate hand, es^ 
5rf s'soF very hard iron. 

^2zl^^n?)U\ ^cos3d^ ajildar^, aji- 
leriji, s. A title, honorific ap- 
pellation of a master or mana- 
ger (particularly applied to 
a headman of the Bants). 

^t^^rsF, ^23eir ajirna, ajirte, s. 

S5^aje, ^. The foot-print; 2. foot- 
step, track, trace; 3. a row; 
4. the cloth tied over a cradle ; 
also ^s5, c^^. — s'WJ.S) to make 
a row. — ^jj?eJo, see es&^jse 
(vo. — 2of^ a rope for putting 
clothes on. 

?5to ajji, i-. A grandmother. —"^4 
a tale, idle story. 

S522 ej* aj'Jitt^^, ^. A kind of dough 
made of rice. 

€52B aije. s. A grandfather. 

°5^3^N alriana, ^. Ignorance. 
S523D^ ajnani, .y. An ignorant 

S5£J ata, s. Obstinacy; bef. ^w. 

—sijoSo, — ^jsS an obstinate 

es^^JSeisS atakotale, s. Constant 


sfeJ^CT, e&J^aaS^ ataka, atakavu, s. 
Obstacle, hindrance. — ^o^'Ov^^, 
e5y^o3j?jo^ to hinder, stop. 

si^^eJ atamata, s. Deception, 

es^'Su atara, adj. Wide spread, 
as the branches of a tree. 

eiiiJSd atura, s. Polycarpaea 
corymbosa, also sj;)£^oos;io,. 

e5^ atta, s. An upper loft, gar- 
ret, upper room; 2. ceiling. 

«5e3,ci attane, s. A household; 
2. household things; 3. admi- 
nistration. —estiAfo articles to 
be cooked. — :3J^?^^^? household 

s^U^o attalu, s. An upstair- 

aUo5D?o, e^i),?^ attahasa, attasa, 
.y. Shouting, laughter; 2. 
pomp, ostentation; 3. delay. 
— -do^oK^r^to shout, laugh aloud; 
to parade, ostentate. 

S5^"3,^^attali^, s. A good labourer; 
2. a messenger sent after an- 

^13 atti, s. A pile, heap of rice. 

Q^Us;* attil^, s. Cooking; 2. 
meal. — crooSo a cook. 

55^0, attu 


esa adi 

^kh'^ attuni (^^)i ^'. a- To put ; 
^e^ e5Wo^^ to discharge urine, 

e^, atte, 3". The sole of a shoe; 
2. support, stand; 3. knot; ^o 
^Wj, ^o^B^ an upper loft for 
storing rice; ^f^!^^ a knot or 
ring of a rattan. — 5sE» bent 
legs, bandy legs. — ^tosoS s'o 

-•rfoSg ^j^o^^ to sit down 

on cross legs. 

S5^C)o, attemi s. The eighth lu- 
nar day ; /^jse^oe^^^ the birth- 
day of ^^; ^e^- esj^so. 

^^,doj^, attemutte, 5. Arms and 
legs; — #^o5 hands and legs 
are broken. 

e3^j!)jS?ri attolige, s. A loft sup- 
ported on posts, temporary 

e5c«*oj^adiipini(e55),7'.7z. To cook. 
^orffoo ©t^oi to marry a man. 

e^CaoA'soao adangayi, s. A kind of 

^03^*, s^ts^adakyi, adaka, s. Hin- 
derance ; also ©wS^. 

e3C3=CT, ^zL^ e3C2*=3^23-3n^ adaka, 
adka, ad\ikajag^, s. An unclean 
place; 2. a burying place. 
—ffsE sb wild unclean jplace. 

^d^^JSO adakabare, j'. A kind of 
fruit, Cucumis pubcscens. 

?3d=5e)05o?io^ adakayisuni, v. a. 
To hinder. 

yCi=5^o^, adakuni (557^^), 7-. «;. To 
throw, cast out; 2. to dis- 
charge, fire, as s^a eszi^o^ to 
fire a gun; «/.?<? ©ws'o^. 

yc^n* adag^, ^. A ship ; cf. ^rSK, 

^dtS'sJi adajati, j-. An out-caste; 
2. a mongrel; adj. mixed. 

^c«^), 55^ rs adana, addana, ^. A 

sit^N/iDO^j adanagayi, .y£^^ es^o 


yd^i)^ adanadi, ^l^ ss^a, 

^jiti adapa, ^'. A barber's dres- 
sing case; 2. a bundle; also 

S32^^^ adapuni {p'^), v. a. To 
plough; cf. rfss^s. 

553^23, adabe, s. An adulteress; 
«^'. bastard, illegitimately 
born; bet. ootStS. —K ^ij^?:DD3o 
a bastard, an illegitimate 
person, vlg. 

^-d^:!?)-^ adarain^, s. A kind of 

yc^D* adar^, s. A thiu branch, 

twig; 2. copse. 
?^dj^ adaruni (S5tl5), 7'. n. To 

e3Z^D adavi, s-. A forest, jungle. 

e^ds^, S5C3i)^ adavu, adavu, .y. A 
mortgage, pledge; 2. the 
thing mortgaged. — ^jabrs, 
_3j3t1)o) to pawn, pledge, mort- 

e5CS'so3o?jO^ adayisuni, see S9t553 


S3i^ adi, ^. Bottom, base; 2. foot; 
isv^t^ the foot-sole, foot-step. 
©a^s'as^ 20j3-dos»to fall one upon 
the other. 

S5^ adi 


^d ade 

^^ adi, i^dj. Cooked, dressed, 
prepared. — ®^^ prepared 
food; a meal read}^ to be served. 

wao=D^d adinkara, s. A large ves- 
sel; also ^<^^^- 

^i^=^£OJSdo adikeburu, s. A kind 
of creeper, Pothas scanicns; 
also e5^r20j3-do. 

^a^i^adikei, s. The palm of the 
hand. adj. Defeated, van- 
quished. -t?L^, -30j8-do^ to lie 

• underneath; to be overturn- 
ed, defeated. 

S3ario^ adi^antij, ^. The bind- 
ing in the middle of a sack 
converting it into a "bissac"; 
the lower part of a "bissac" 
or sack tied in the middle. 
2. the lower joints of a reed 
or cane.' 

s5^r!os;^o adig-ulu, s. A cook. 2. a 

'^^f\ adige, s. Cooking, distil- 
ling. 2. emulsion or confec- 
tion prepared from medicinal 
herbs. — ^S, a cook. 

^Se^d^o* adicarak^, s. Ballast. 

e^^^c* adiniri,!, s. Water at the 
bottom of something, stand- 
ing water. 2.stored-up-water 
for irrigation of lower lying 
fields. — =5^«o^a to store up 
water in a field after the 2nd 
or 3rd crop until rainfall. 

^asJsOjj^ adipattuni, v. a. To 

singe, burn. 
^^sJdo* adiparel^, ^. A spurious 


S5(^5j^c^j^ adipaduni, r. a. To 
stack corn in a straw- {or 
bamboo-mat-) granary in a 
yard. 2. proceed. 

e5S>^ adipu, s. Sweeping. ~itod3.\ 
— ^roo3o a male sweeper. — F^sf 
a female sweeper. 

55^^^ adipuni («5?^), <'. a. To 

S3(^20J3dj^ adibaruni, v. n. To 

e53>rf:o[32:^ adimudel^, s. Capital 
for trading. 2. resources. 

^^^j^s;* adiin3l^, s. Overturn- 
ing. — 'tyLr'i, — eoja-rfjfi to be 
overturned. — s::dt5o^) to upset, 
turn over. 

e3^?ij^:^Dd3SN adisudisamana, s. 
Dressed food. 

?5C^oou)0 adumbu, s. The creeper 
Ipomoea marititna. 

^d,^'&r\^ ade, adegu, ^^^/t'. There. 
©lSt^? [einph.) just there, to 
that very place. [ao^. 

esi^orio^ adenguni, see ©i^^o), i3o 

Sitl^a adeka, '^^^'. Narrow, close. 
2. small, short, brief. 

e5d=5^j^ adekuni, ^t?^ ^n^^?i. 

e5w^ adepu, i-. The act of shut- 
ting, closing, finishing, —so 
■rfoci to shut, close. 

e5cl^^, e3cl^^ adepuni, adevuni 
(ssz§), V. n. To shut, close. 
2. to roost, perch: t^jseQ ©t§ 
(xioooili the fowl perches. £3«3 55 
i§4S)tocost: na^eszS^? what's 
the price? also efi55 ^?Lo) to 
be shut up, closed. 




S5d adda 

^^rf adesu, adj. Faded, waned, 
drooping £>/" banging down (as 
one's head). 

es:!^^ adeke, s. Obstacle, bin- 
derance. 2. sbelter. 

^d^A adege, adz\ For nothing, 
to no purpose. 2. without any- 
thing more, barely, merely; 
also e?o/^. 

esl^4^, 55d;oiij^ adevuni, ade- 
yuni (^^?)- "'. ?z. To bide, 
be concealed. 

^zi_ adka, see ^ri^. 

^zip adkala, s. A cooking shed. 
2. an oven. 

^d adda, ^. A rafter. 

eus adda, -y. Obstacle, hinderance. 
^dj. Horizontal, intervening. 
adv. Across, athwart. — 1??;^>, 
&Zi^j hr^to come across, hinder. 
— =5yo,s» to dam up. shut in : 
to hinder, interrupt, prevent; 
to block up a path or entrance; 
to screen. — ?^?^^''i to cross 
with lines, underline — s°i^^ 
to oppose, stop, hinder. — ^° 
h^ to place across. — 2obr?) 
to oppose, confront, interrupt. 
— 20.-i-dj^ to prostrate, bow 
down (a kind of salutation). 
_rfo^j^s to hinder, oppose. 

e53^c£,addantra, ^. The torments 
supposed to be caused by a 
"Sd =CT, °^zi- addaka, adka, see ^ri^- 
ei^ =cf £3, addakatte, s. A dam. 
'j-i^Ji,^oj3,r1od addakattimut- 

-i — ' — ' 

tiganda, s. A female's head- 
ornament. 2. the head-gear of 
a devil-dancer. 
=J3a=c^l„S addakatteri, s. A betel- 
nut-cutter or cracker ; also 

Sirf^rJjZJj aJdakasabu, i". An im- 
proper or unnatural profes- 
sion. (7f//'. Unusual, contrary. 

^d'zDZ'^ addaklru, s. The bent 
knee, fli' —^:^5 5o^j^s» to squat. 
2. a crooked leg. — ssili^ to- 
interfere with. 

^zi -o-^s:* addakili^, s. A bolt, lock, 
tenon, linch-pin. 

?5Cs=^, addakei, s. The arm in a 
posture of defence. 

^zi'cJl^ij^ addakol^, s. A cross- 

^d>T\ozi addas^andha, s. A hori- 
zontal mark on the forehead 
made with sandal paste by 
certain caste people. 

^t^heb^, °3zif\6 addagit^, adda- 
gere, s. An intersected line, 
a line across another. 

^ziAv addagela, s. Breadth, 
width, diameter. 

^zif\^ addagellu, s. A lateral 

e3d?^JiPrl addagode, s. A parti- 
es ... 

tion wall. 
e33a5?j)OJo addaghaya, s. An un- 
timely or accidental death. 
?£>ri z;n)c£jsrli S^o.S) to be causrht 
suddenly, to be in danger 
of life ; to be very afraid. 

^d adda 


^dzs^^ addacauia, s. A box 

ill which the linga is kept. 
^dic addacci (^^-^^)' ^' An 


^zi'i^^ addajati, see ^rizzsB. 

ec^rs addana, ^. A shield. 

c^ ■ ■ ■ 
^zid, es^r^fi addani, addanige, 

s. A bench. 
esd cl addane, .y6'6' ©t^r®. 
^zit6 addatare, s. An ill-formed 

^d iJS53, ^d |J3^^^ addatole, ad- 

datolij, ^. A transverse beam, 

^4 do^f\ addadandige, i'. A kind 

of an open palankia carried 


e^dc^od addadande, s. A hand- 
^ ■■''.. 

cuff. 2. a partition wail, 

parapet, dam. 

^d dto, addadabbe, s. The bam- 
boo pole with which anything 
is carried across the shoulder. 

^d ^e;Ojj addanalayi, s. A stam- 
mering tongue. 2. lying, 

^d ^^ijaddaiiita,<3!^^^. Broadwise. 

e^tlol, <'3dr:>otr, addapante, ad- 
dapankti, i". A line crossing 
another. — ^os?o_S) to sit at 
meals apart from others (in 
a siderow). 

55(^SJe)id addapatera, s. Inter- 
rupting one in speaking. 2. 
contradicting, gainsaying. 
— sjD^tJo^i to interrupt, gain- 

^Cst) adda 

^dz^d^ addapudarij, s. A nick- 

^dz^u addapude, s. A load 
carried on a pole by two or 
more persons. 2. a load car- 
ried on the shoulder. 

^dz:6 addabare, see ^ri^-^ji^S. 

y:S^5p© addabeli, s. A hedge or 
fence across a path. 

^d dod addamaraj-s-. A cross-bar. 


^d zSz?)r{F addamarga, s. A cross- 

way, by-path. 2. a false way. 

^d ^00^ addamudi, .y. A female's 

i3 ... 

tuft of hair fixed on the side 
of the head. ■ 

^dti, ^dt6 addara, addare, s. 
Tetanus; also — "5j3?a. 

^dO, ^d^ addali, addali, s. A 
pole placed across. 

^d^=u,z>^ addavakkel^, s. A new 
or temporary tenant or 

^c^^don* addaserangi^, .?. The 
upper end of a woman's cloth 
drawn over the right shoulder. 

^d7^^ addasadi, ^. A by-path, 

^d^7^DZ>^ addasil^, s. A trans- 
verse row or line. 2 . repeated 
interruptions, interference. 

^d^f\ addalige, see esz^rf^. 

^ZEDd^^ addaduni («53^S), v.n. 
ca ... ^ I.J 

To walk to and fro, to parade. 

ycs^aa addadiddi, adj. Awk- 

ward, clumsy. 2, topsy-turvy. 

^u-^h^ addapini, see S9t| 


?5^ addi 


e5Cc)? anya 

^iS addi, s. Obstacle, stoppage, 
2. opposition. — -rfo^o^si to hin- 
der, prevent, oppose, stop. 

p^clOc^^ addelipuni (25^°-^), z'.a. 
To put out, drive out. 

^zi C addyara, s. An earthen jar 
or vessel. S)e"c!:^ o^ a water 

O^ p addye, ^. A cake, pudding. 

^Ui)Q> adnadi (es:^-?^^), adj. 
Indifferent, middling, 2. vul- 
gar, low. 3. wild; c/. esojra. 

y^ ^, ece^^ adpini, adpuni (®S), 

^Q, ^j^ adpillu, s. A kitchen. 

S52lj?or3J^, y'c|j?orQj3jj?^^^ a- 
dyonuni, adyondupopini, i'. n. 
To leave a place at once. 

esrs^ anaka, i". Narrowness, 
closeness, a^/, Narrow, small. 

?5r?=CT?;!re=aanakasana'k-a,<3:^". Quar- 

esr'SSj) anapu, s. Need, want. 
2. urgency, necessity, 3, hin- 
derance, obstacle. 4. harm. 

^r?D^ anari^, s. Moss, lichen, 
mouldiness, the green stuff on 
stagnant water ; cf. 3:::d^35. —tL 
^oi to become mossy, slimy. 

'^^ff anasu, s. A handle, hilt. 

eSc^D^^ anavuta, ^^le ®?i^^. 

S5d3i)JJ^, ssf=3D5jj^ anavuni, anna- 
vuiii(25F5s), V. n. To look up, 
lift up the face, gaze. 

S5r§ ani, 5. A kind of mask or 
appendage worn by a devil- 
dancer. 2. a peacock's tail 

when spread. 3. a small fly. 
— S'Uo^r^, — ;33t1o^, ^a?l:^ to put 
on a mask etc. 
yrsi anita, adj. Elastic; also 

o^rasS anile, sec ?5o5e3. 

«5r3'o^'30^o anilekayi, s. The 
gall-nut, ink-nut. 

e5rciddjd anilemara, s. The ink- 
nut-tree, Terminalia chebiila. 

55r9J anu,i". An atom, any thing 
extremely small, dust. 

e3raa^anupu, sec ©re^. 

e^rsjtS anube, adj. Soft. 

yc4 ane, int. Oh I hey, 

55 cl ane, s. The forehead, 5^^ so??. 
2. steepness. 3. a very steep 
foot-path, —s^s^^^ to ascend 
a steep path. 

e3rl ane, sec ©rJ. 

^cl^'s:^ anekallu, ^. A certain 


stone in a temple-yard dedi- 
cated to the tutelar demons 

-k of a temple. 

S5fl3^^ anepuni (55??), v. a. To 
press, push, strike against^ 
come in contact. 

?5fl2oddj anebaravu, s. Fate, 
destiny, 2. appointed lot; 
see TO??20'd4- 

esrss^, S5ro^^^ an]avu, anjavu,. 
J-. A man, male; also efrttSjsp^- 

?3Cc),e:^ ankilu, ^. A very narrow 
door, a wicket. 2. a lodge> 
— f^.^tf a strait passage, 

53r?o anya, s. The prow of a 

e^ ata 


S3^ atri 

eiosj atantra, adj. Unstable, 
infirm, weak, helpless. 

£5^oJj atantre, s. A dependent, 
helpless person. 

^vB ati, pref. Over, beyond, ex- 
ceeding, much etc. 

653^^0 atikrama, s. Transgres- 
sion, infringement. — a3:3j a 
transgressor. — -do^OvSi, esS^ 
.so3^S) to transgress, encroach, 

S33^ atithi, s. A guest. 

«5>Bq^c atithya, ^£^^ ^^4^ 

e5>3^oJj atipriya, «<;//'. Much 

5530^ atirikta, adj. Excessive, 

esJisJodj atisaya, ^. Pre-eminence. 

2. abundance. 3. wonder, 

^Ji^O'SC' atisar^i, s. Diarrha3a, 

^hriiycf atisvad^, s. A good 

t5^j^;, 55^0.^ atula, atula, s. 

Sesamum orientate, adj. un- 
equalled, incomparable. 
■ess^ attij, def. v. Not, not so; 

negation of quality; cf. <^^ . 

— -^^S) to deny, contradict. 

— ^«3br^ to abnegate. ©I ^ if 

not, else, or. 
^i^ot^ attantra, s. Absence of 

mind, carelessness; c/.^^o^. 
)E5^o£) attandi, part, {of efS^) 

Not right, unseemly. ~^<^-^ 

an improper act, a wicked 


e5^oc3 attande, conj. {part, of 

©5,) But, besides, except, 

without, unless. 
e3i^D% ^^d attari,!, attara, s. 

A kind of mat made of split 

S5^dj attaru, ^. Otto (?;' essence 

of roses etc. 2. perfume. 
^Id^) ^^^ attala, attala, s. k 

kind of cake for the Sama- 

radhane feast. 
^^7<iZS^t) attasamara, s. The 

fig tree, Ficus religiosa. ©^ 

?jrf ^63^ a platform built round 

the foot of a sacred fig tree; 

also es^Q;^. 

y^^ atta, inter rog. of ^% . 
^53^0^ attarij, see &^U. 

^^f\ attig-e, s. An elder bro- 
ther's wife. 
eiig atte, s. A mother-in-law. 2. 

an aunt. 
^iroa atyanta, «c//'. Excessive, 

extreme, exceeding. 
e^^rqjr atyartha, adj. Excessive. 
ysosj* atyalpa, «t//'. Very small, 

e3iorf£!c atyavasya, adj. Very 

essDn^ atyase, s. Greediness, 

covetousness. 2. lust. 
^sOo^s^o atyuttama, «i^'. Most 

excellent, best. 
^i^r. atye, ^dc ©f^- 

^5' ^:^^^^c^ ^^^^' atrimuni, s. 
One of the seven sages, father 


of Candra. 

e5so, atru 


^dt\ adpu 

^^Sj'sCc), y^^iD?! atruvana, 

atruvana, s. Insincerity. 2. 

^ I ?i atresa, s. A kind of sweeten- 

ed rice-cake. 
^3,^?;j atresa, s. The 9th lunar 

mansion, r />. ©■€ ??:;). 2. a kind 

of rain in August. 

esqj^F, ^:^^f:^ atharva, athar- 
vana, s\ The fourth Yeda. 

e^co'G'' aduru, s. A split, crack, 

^uj'Xj^t>zfZJ' adijirupaduru, i-. The 
line of cleavage of a rock or 
other formation, which can be 
separated into slabs or scales 
or flakes. 2. shaking and 
quaking. — e?Ls» to go to 
pieces, be shattered, bruised, 
split, e^c. — eior^^a to crack. 

ecj^'D^y adurata, s. Shaking, 

€5Cj*q^^^i adijravuiii, <:. •:'. (o/^S 
■rfo^), To shake, agitate. 

^Cj^dj^ ad^runi (ssSS), v.n. To 
tremble, quake. 

§5drt adaga, aa^v. Then, at that 
time; c/. sssiX, efsiA. 

^ddo^ adaruni, ^^^ &s5:Jo^. 

^d^^?iadarpuni (S5si&), t-. «. To 
cause to tremble. 2. to admon- 
ish, rebuke, reprove. 

«3ds;^2odo* adali^badal^, s. Ex- 
change, -t5js?o^^ to exchange. 

yac*, ^23*0* adiru, aduriji, s. 
A limit. 2. a boundary wall, 

?5djJjj^ aduruni, see esSdo?;. 
^Cj^zi adruda^. Uncertainty, adj. 
Unstable, uncertain; bet.^^^. 
^CaS- adrusya, adj. Invisible. 
eiCjN^i adrushta, s. Fortune, fate. 

^VJ ade, s. An inner room. 2. a 
small room. 

^^€jx; adeki, .y. Right of manage- 
ment of family-property ; also 
e?:3e'J. —u^-J^ an heir, the 
head of a family etc. — ^sio ^ 
the management or adminis- 
tration of the family-property 
to extend. 

S5c30, ydJ^S adeli, adoli, s. A 
kind of chisel. 

esd^S, ssdJS^O adeli, adoli, s. 
Half an anna; tZ.%'>?'^-cL- half 
a rupee, an eight anna piece. 

ede^^ e5(5c=5* adek^, adeka, .y^c? 

«(3?2a adeca, ^^^^ ^"^e^^- ss-^- 

gati, .y. Perdition. 

escS-'S^^oOij adomukhi, s. Down- 
ward tendency. 2. the name 
of a female Bhiita. 

yci^ addana, s. Weakness. 2. 
sickness. 3. affliction; ^. esrf^ 
Ti. ^:pA'i. — cbdSo a weak or 
distressed man. 

yd©?5^, s^cSj'?)©*^^ addalipuni, 

addolipuni (°^^°-: ^-Ir')^ ^'^ ^• 
To rebuke. 2. to frighten. 
3. to command. 
e5CjO ^ adpuni (S55), v. n. To go 
to stool, vlg. 

§5rfj, adbhu 


y^'s ana 

^Ujx li adbhuta, s. A phenomenon , 

miracle, wonder,«^". Wonder- 
ful, surprising. 

?3£),, adri s. A bill. 2. a tree. 

esdjj^ adruni, see ^cSxio?). 

^z^fi a.dv&n?i, see ®^^- 

escoi) ^ advana, see ^^^^. 

^d ^ ^ adveita, i". The Vedanta sa- 
stra or the doctrinal system of 
Sankaracarya which regards 
the Supreme Spirit and the 
human spirit as one. 

^qido adhama, adj. Low, mean, 
vile. e9i;J5o a low or vile person. 

S5^^ adhika, adj. Much, great, 

y^^Dii^ adhikara, i". Authority, 
power. — ~j a head official; 
a governor; a man of power. 

e3p?J3 adhipati, s. A ruler, lord, 

^^^fi adhina, s. Possession, con- 
trol, adj. Dependent on. — ^ 
dependence, subjection. 

55^^?^ adhine, s. An adherent, 
a dependent. 

€3J^,aJjr adheirya, s. Discour- 
agement, timidity, cowardice. 

e3q5oa;j?j adhyayana, s. Study. 
2. the reading of sacred 

ejjJo^^ adhyakshe, s. A superin- 
tendent, overseer. 2. a bishop, 

559^10 ojj adhyaya, s. Chapter, sec- 
tion; C/. 7iC^. 

S3Z^D ^ adhvana, s. Labour. 2. im- 

methodical effort, adj. Tired. 
2. weak. 3. wrong, spoilt, -cs 
o3o a hard-working man. 

e5N0^ ananta, adj. Endless, infi- 
nite. — ^^ infinity. — ^ojo^ 
Vishnu, as reclining on the 
coils of the king of serpents 
(asin Trivandrum). S9f-ioJthe 
Infinite, God. 

y jdo^d anantara, ^^^'.Afterwards. 

53 Fv^ anapu, see esrosg- 

?3nO* anar^, see ©roS. 

y^r(oranargya,c-2,^'. Very costly, 
priceless; /r. ^^■^:>or. 

ss^qj^ anartha, s. Bad fortune, 
calamity, disaster. 

^^^:i,^^^i, anavata, anavuta, s. 
Iniquity, transgression. — cd 
o2o a transgressor. 

S5^c)Z5'3ij anacara, s. Violation of 
religious rules or practices. 

2. misconduct, transgression. 

3. ir religion. 

es^qi anatha, adj. Forlorn, help- 
less, destitute. s5?3d^ one 
who is unprotected, helpless, 
an orphan, es^^z^a a widow, 
poor woman. 

e5^'?£) anadi, adj. Without begin- 
ning, everlasting, eternal. 

e3?d"3qr?)d anadhara, s. Without 
basis or support, want of 
protection, adj. Helpless, un- 

e5^i■ssJJ^I anamati, s. Deposit, any- 
thing entrusted. 2. all, the 
whole. 3. keeping in sus- 
pense; c/. e9;:^:ra^:^o. 

es^i ani 


e5c3"3o anya 

£5^23 anile, ^. Bud, sprout, germ. 
2. soft timber. — d&adoos» to 
bud, germinate. s!il^c;s)e3 a 
sprout from a seed. 

S3^S3Duanivaraj^. Trouble, hard- 
ship. 2. starvation. 

^^ii, anishta, s. Something un- 
j)leasant. 2. adversity. 3. 

e5i(:3 anlti, s. Injustice, wrong. 

S5^ Sinu,pre/. After, like, under, 
along lie. 

^^d'at)V, anukala, see ©rfoaj:/. 

eido=CTJ3^ anukula, s. Agreement. 
2. convenience. 3. help, aid. 
adj. Convenient, helpful. -<^ 
t^o> to be convenient. — -^^o^r^ 
to make convenient, arrange. 

55^=5^,^0?!=^ anukramanike, s. 
Arrangement, order. 2. an 
index, table of contents. 

€5cdjri -^ anug^raha, s. Favour, 
regard, mercy, grace. 

•S5j^ja^ anutana, s. Opportunity, 
fitness. —^jsh?i to watch for 
an opportunity. 

§5c^jaN anudina, adv. Daily. 

ts^sJ^Dd anupakara- s. Unkind- 
ness, disfavour. 

^^i:^!^^^ anupatya, i'. Indigence, 
necessity,need, want of m3ans. 
2. inconvenience. 

es^jEjJ^ anubhava, s. Enjoyment, 
suffering 2. experience. 

■e5?^oc;iO^^, anubhavipuni, "'. a. 
To enjoy. 2. to experience. 

^^j£^.'3i?r> anubhoga, s. Enjoy- 

efdo^jvB anumati, s. Consent, 

^nj^J3^ anumana, s. Doubt, sus- 
picion, conjecture, surmise. 
2. fear. -^^o^S) to doubt, sus- 

S5oiODa)?i anuraga, s. Love, regard, 

^^FijdJSsJ anurupa, s. Likeness, 

<i??jjs3{^r; anulepa, s. Anointing, 

S5?ijdo£i?^i anuvandig-e, s. Consent. 

e5F^jS3e)d anuvara, see ^^z^-6. 

S5nj?:dc; anusara, s. Imitation, 
following. — tyS according to. 

^nIj^, ^3^2^^ anepini, anepuni 
(ss^), V. a. To touch. 2. to 
hug, embrace. 

eSN^c^ anevuni, see esra^^. 

^■^^^ anska, adj. Much, many, 

55^^ anpini (es^j, 7'. a. To say, 
speak; c/. esoSS, f^^si eic. 

e^-, anya, see esr®^. 

S5^1o anya, adj. Foreign, diffe- 
rent, strange. 

e5?^o23:)^ anyajati, s. A different 
class or caste. — crooSo a per- 
son of a different caste or 
creed, a stranger. 

?3?jo<3^£J anyadesa, s. A foreign 

S3?> 2j3i)^ anyabhashe, s. A foreign 

^^;^ ^j?i,o anyamanya, see ts^.-^^^^. 

e^^oOoj anyaya, s. Injustice, 




S5^^ api 

■wrong, iniquity, adj. Unjust, 
unreasonable. — crooSo an un- 
just person. 

S5^J?o^F^'^ anyonya,i". Communion, 
fellowship, friendship. 

^5J apa, pref. denoting inferio- 
rity, privation, separation, 
contrariety etc.\ also es^. 

S5SJ5Dd apakara, s. An unkind- 
ness, ill-turn, injury. 2. ma- 
lice, hatred. 

essJ-S-^^P apakirti, s. Reproach, 
disgrace, infamy. 

?5SJ/i apaga, adv. Then; also 

e53-t5^d apacaraji-. Impoliteness, 
insult. 2. fault. 

e33j2^oi) apajaya, ^. Defeat, over- 
throw, loss. 

sssJCj apaddha,^. Alie; j^^ ©20rf . 

^s:!?^oti?^ apanambio^e, i". Unbe- 
lief, distrust. 2. disbelief. 

^tj'^^^'^ apamana, s. Disrespect. 
2. disgrace. — -do^j^^ to dis- 

^t.Tj apara, «<^'. Other, opposite, 
latter. — -^j'-So funeral rites. 

?3sJOtioN, 55SJD"3coN apardnna, 
apardhana, s. Afternoon. 

^tjTj^T^ aparddha, s. Offence, 
guilt. 2. a punishment, fine. 
— ifja?;r^ to pay a fine. — ^ao 
sro^r^j, — soDT^o^ to accuse of a 
crime, to condemn. — ■do'^j^^ 
to commit an ofi'ence, to 
transgress; to fine. 

S5s:;Q^o^ aparimita, adj. Un- 
measured, boundless, infinite. 

S5sjdjssj, w^sj aparupa, apru- 

pa, adj. Rare, uncommon. 2. 

scarce, adv. Seldom, rarely. 
WoClss'srf apavdda, s. Censure, 

blame. 2. a false accusation. 

3. exception (to a rule). 

pjdi^^ apavitra, adj. Unclean^ 

S3^5!=5^o^ apasakuna, s. A bad 

S3SJ^2o apasabda, s. Ungram- 
matical language, a vulgar 
expression. 2. bad pronuncia- 

^sJrUt)-S- apasaksi, s. False wit- 
ness, perjury. 2. a false wit- 

e5SJ?o,d apasvara, s.. A discordant 
sound, hoarse voice. 

e55J?o"^ci apasmara, s. Convul- 
sions, epilepsy. 

SfSJSoD^^) apaliaripuni (esri^s), 
7'. «. To take by violence, to 
usurp, plunder, rob, extort. 

S53o^^d apahara, s. Usurpation, 

S3?io3D?Jc' apabasya, i". Derision, 

S5^^s apatra, adj. Unworthy, 
undeserving, unfit, ©s:?)^ an 
unworthy person. 

^sjDCdj apaya, i". Danger, peril. 
2. misfortune, calamity. 

SSSSDC! apara, adj. Boundless, 

^h^'^j::^^ aplmu, sec e??j?^o. 

^^^o' apili^, ^. An appeal. 

essgs a-pu 


^2j aba 

^^tajj aputu, «^'. Quite, entire, 

ezJ.'S^j^ aptirva, adj. Unprece- 
dented, uncommon. 

555^?=^ apekshe, s. Wish, desire. 
2. expectation, hope. — -sIj^o^S), 
e?i;-|^35r^ to desire, wish, re- 

?5^'?!=€) apoli, s. Ruin, waste. 

S53J appa, zV//. of surprise: c^cS 
55^ what may it be! 2. a mode 
of calling a mother. 

esj, appa, an aiElix of respect 
added to proper names of 
men, as ^^^^^ c^X^, ^~'^' 
Ti>oc-rf^, etc. 

yjj appa, i". A kind of cake 
fried or baked. 

w^^o^doSj, esj^oi appantaye, 
appante, s. An honest, respect- 
able man, a good man. 

«33J,oori appantig-e, s. Honesty, 
fidelity, chastity, 

wr; C3 appada, see es^^. 

55s:; fi appane, .y. Command, or- 
der. 2. permission, leave. — ^^ 
SbFoi to command, give order, 
permit. — fi^reofj to take 

?53i 573^ appappa, /V^/. of sur- 
prise, sorrow. ["cake. 

^sj. s^ appala, ^. A very thin round 

55^«?^^ appalipuni (^^^), ^'. <2. 
To strike anything with the 
open hand, to squash. 

es^Cojo^ appiyuni(s5?^),7'.rt'. To 
embrace, clasp; also ®^S 

S5^_^=a;, ^i!, > appukei, appei, s. 
Folding the arms on the 
breast. — x;^ r^, —tx^.t^ to 
cross or fold the arms on 
the breast. 

e3s5 appe, s. ^lother. 2. an affix 
of respect added to proper 
names of men [as c^^A 
etc?) ; cf. 55^. 

53^., 55^'?).^^ appo, appode, j-. 
A cake made for the per- 
formance of funeral rites. 

^^tj.'Siit aprakasa. Absence of 
light, darkness. 2. obscurity, 
3. secrecy. 

?55J,^v^c5j aprameye, s. God, the 

e5gjG3Jl?t;i?J aprayojana, s. Use- 
lessness, unserviceableness. 

e5^'Si^22?1apro,jige, 5-. A bad man, 

eij^djj, ^o,j^?i aphlmu, aphini, 
J-. Opium. 

5520 aba, i'/2/f. of astonishment. 

ezocS^abadu, -S". Hoof; also^'^'s^S. 
— tjuScjc^j a person with a cleft 
foot (a kind of deformity). 

S520sl abade, s. A kind of bean, 

yaorf abaddha, ^^/. False, incor- 
rect, wrong. ~z:^i.xi a false 

word. — dsF^je)^ false news 

or rumours. 

5520C abara, s. The stern of a ship. 

552^6 abare, i". A common coun- 
try bean, Lablah vulgaris. 
552js; abala, adj. Weak, impotent, 
=52os3 abale, s. A weak or impo- 
tent man. 

e5u) abi 


S52p abhi 

S5:^o^r^ abiadige, s. Perplexity. 

2. obstinacy. 
^■"^UziA abilase, se^j es^e^s^^. 

^wjdj aburu, s. Character, res- 
pectability, keen feeling of 
bonour; o/. iss^loxi:,, o-EOo-rfo. 
_c5do5j a respectable man. 
— ^^I^c'i to dishonour, rebuke. 
^^ ©soo'do cracSoA why are you 
so overbearing? s3?5920o-do dis- 
respect, dishonour. 

S5^oo5J^^^§ aburoni, s. A kind of 
fish. 2. see essf^^J?^- 

^£2^^, s323o;5jj^ abepuni, abeyu- 
ni (S525), v. a. To beat or 
pound rice ; also ©eSeio a. © 
dcxso es5, e9£3B ©5 rice \Yell 
cleared of its husk. 

e323^?i*abesiji, inl. Lift up ! pull! 
an intimation that anything 
is ready to be lifted up, e. g, 
a basket or a bucket from a 
well etc. 

?52o,, 5520^20,, e523j3,(=abba,abbabba, 
abbo, int. expressing wonder 
or grief. 

S52o^?^Cj5Cj?^abbag'edarage, s. The 
proper names of female 
demon twins. 

^Urf, §32o,dclabbara, abbarane, s. 
Boast, ostentation. 2. sound, 
noise, cry. — -rfo^Ox^S), — 'S'oyj^ 
S), esao^SigS) to cry aloud, 
make noise; to frighten; to 

^z\€)f\ (^) abbalige (pu), s. A 
kind of flower. 

^d abbe, ^. An elderly woman, 

€523.^?:j abbesa, s. Study, prac- 
tice, exercise. 2. familiarity ; 

fr. e^gpsox;. 

e522j?-,i?r^ di abroni dei, s. A kind 
of shrub, Grewia microcos ; 
also e520o-!3j3?rS. 

eic^oijabhaya,^. Security. 2. pro- 
mise of protection or pardon. 
3. confidence. 

yip's So abhEva, s. Non-existence. 
2. annihilation. 3. a negative 

?52jji)rj abhasa, adj. Worthless, 
vulgar. 2. corrupt; fr. eyepprf. 

estpti^ abhijana, ^. A family, race. 

ytp^ abhina, i". Mimicry. 2. ges- 
ture; fl/jTC ©2p?iodo. 
?5ip^ abhine, i'. A mimic. 

e5"cpS3^cdj abhipraya, i". Design, 
intention. 2. wish. 3. opinion. 

e3^Sjj»)?:i abhimana, s. A keen 
feeling of honour, pride. 2. 
regard, affection. 

e3ip25i)^abliilaslie,^. Desire, wish,, 

estpdxa abhivr^ddhi, i-. Increase, 
prosperity. 2. progress, thriv- 
ing, improvement. 

y"t^^^5 abhishska, s. Sprinkling 
with water. 2. consecration 
by pouring oil, ghee etc. 3. 
unction, ti^'^^-f^^^^ ijsai^^rf,?^; 
the coronation of a king ; Xo 
•does^s^e^' the ordination of a 
priest. — -rfo^J^Si to anoint, 
ordain, install. 

e5Ejj abhu 


S5^0k amr^ji 

552^0 cio abhuru, see ^^yda. 

e32^oo^d abhyantara, s. An inter- 
val. 2. delay, vexation. 3. 
obstacle. 4. offence, scandal. 
— ty^i^tobe an impediment, to 
be delayed. — ^jsLr^, —^ii^o^^ 
.to hinder, object, offend, vex. 

^zp)'7i abhyasa, see ®^??j- 

^^0=^ amake, s. k tendril; 2. a 

?3sijr^, ^sjj^, amani, amani, s. 
A nipple; also eroii)^. 

€3dj^^ amapuni, z'. (7, To quiet, 
press down; see is&i^r^. 

S3^JD* amaru, «^. Twin. 2. 
double. — 2roe?^otwin children. 

^^jd amara, «^'. Immortal, .y. 
A deity. 2. an immortal. — ©^ 
immortality. — t?-^?^' heaven. 

^^od=aJ5^^ amaratosa, ^. The 
name of a Sanskrit dictionary 
of synonyms. 

S5djD^4c^ amaravuni (^doos), 
v. a. To push forward. 2. to 
hold fast. 

■essJoSr^ amarige, j". A heap; also 
oSo^o&y^. —zjiTij?^ to heap up. 

^^OOiJDaamariyddi, s. Disres- 
pect, incivility, dishonour. 
adj. Disrespectful. 

^^jDoiij^, s5Sjjdjo^ amariyuni, 
amaryuni (s5^j&), v.ii. To ag- 
gress. 2. to cleave to. 

^s^odo^ amaruni {^-^^),v.n. To 
become quiet, calm. t'. a. To 
settle, seize, touch, hold, 

e^od amare, s. A ditch, canal. 
—t:,oh^ to make a ditch, dike. 

yda^F amarta, see ©^ij^^. 

S55l)?j"3rs^^ amarsivuni (^^ 
^"). T'. <2. To frighten. 

^ztcik"!^^, ydj^j^Fej amarsila, 
amarsala, s. Brimstone. 

e^sjjs:^ amalii, s. Intoxication, 
drunkenness, giddiness. — t?j3? 
■jS, — cTOoSa a drunkard. — ^i:^ ^, 
—oSjfdoS) to be intoxicated. 
— -rfos^o^c^ to intoxicate. 

S3Sjj?;Jr3 amasani, see e5doo?jrf. 

ydoXd amasara, s. Necessity. 
2. urgency. 3. hurry c/. ess^ 
?iTj. — T^j^o^S) to hasten, be in 
a hurry. 

?5djaiFi3^ amanat^j s. Deposit. 
2. suspension, —"rfos^j^^ to sus- 

e^jJSDri amarige, s. A trunk. 

55dJ3do^ amaruni (s5^j?)o), v. a. 
To suit, fit. 2. to embrace, 
hold. 8. a plant to twine. 

esjJ^?^, esjJ5;3D?o amase, ama- 
> vase, s. The day of the new 

eDjs amita^fl^'. Immeasurable, 

boundless, infinite. 
es^j^N amine, s. A sheriff's 

ofl&cer; .y^^ Zf^z^f.. 

e55^:o?ir?i amusani, i". Pride, arro- 
gance, insolence, haughtiness. 
— ;ij3e3:!^^oi to show pride. — "J^o 
■^o^ci to be proud. 

•'jzti-^Jt^'^ amulya, adj. Costly, 

y;i>, 3 amr^ta, adj. Immortal, s. 
Nectar, ambrosia. 2. different 

S3dj ame 


55' u ara 

fluids as water, milk, palm- 
wine etc. —^030 a custard- 
apple, —-^y^ Anona squamo- 
sa, the custard apple tree, 
—eijsdj Cflcciilus cordifoUus^ 
the heart-leaved moon-creeper 
—■^■^■^ the mythical churning 
of the sea for nectar. — ^^^ 
sweet words or speech. — ^^, 
e9;:^>)S immortality; cf. ©^ods^^. 

^^0 ame, s. Ceremonial impurity 
or defilement in case of 

es^d^^^i, ^^^^^t^i.^^ amepuni, 
amat^pattuni (©^o), v. a. To 
press, hold in the arms, hug. 

s5s3o?q5c> amedhya, ^\ Fseces, 

■55SjJSeri amoga, adj. Precious, 
excellent. 2. fruitful. 

^^o^doSj amcikayi, sec es^o^;^ 


^s^o^amma,^. Alady. 2. mother. 

^^ge7l. of 55^0^. 

tssjoj,^ ammuni («5Sj^), v. a. To 
swallow, devour. 

^i^ amme, see ©o^j. 

«55±) ^) amsani, see ©^oo?ir5. 

?5CxJo aya, ^t'6' ©oSon. 2. good luck. 
3. a tax. 

pjoJo^ ayana, s. Going. 2. a path. 
3. a half year, that is the 
course of the sun northward 
and southv/ard — from solstice 
to solstice — each of six 

t503ooc3"t) ayinda, adv. Hereafter, 
in future. 

e305jiij^"^o ayigulu, see ^ao^o. 

530^0^ ayita, s. Readiness. 2. 
decoration; also 'so^. — ^o^o^rj 
to dress. —£??->?) to be dressed, 

S50°)j^)* ayini^, see so^. 

e303j2ja ayibu, see sd20o. 

e505o^2o ayivaji, see so^aS. 

esojjo^ ayukta, a'T^j. Improper, 

S50iij:^ ayuta, num. Ten thou- 
sand, a myriad. 

s5oSjs^rlo ayogya, «^//". Unfit, un- 
Avorthy disreputable. —^ un- 
fitness, unworthiness, disre- 

esoSjS^c^^o ayodhya, s. The capital 
of Rama, the modern Oude. 

sjaijo ayya, see 25 :A)^. 

e50Jjo3J ayyappa, inl. of pain. 

S3ol)o^ ayyala, s. Five seers. 

55o3oc ayye, s. A priest, minister, 
teacher, master. Voc. esodoosir. 
Plur. e9o3jp5 gods. Brahmins; 
an afiix of respect added to 
proper names; see e?^. 

§5o3joD^ ayyerij, j-t^j sd^^- 

©oSjoO* ayyelu, -?. Five pairs of 
oxen or buffaloes. 

sso3j3p? ayyo, int. of grief. Oh, 
ah, alas, woe. When feeling 
annoyed, dear me. ©cdjnoSjso'? 
int. of grief, pain. 

55 rf ara, s. A file. — ^ si^o the 
teeth of a file. — ^^rfo^i to file, 
rasp. Ajoc^id a round file. 


sscJ ara 


^L/ BiVSL 

edo^"®^^ arankavuni, see esoo 

edol;o^ arantuni (ss-dcS), t-, f?. To 
grope for, grasp. 2. to seek, 
look for. 

^do£j23 arantele, s. A greedy 
person, a miser. 

S5do5(l arantade, i". A royal re- 
sidence; cf. ©rf^jfS. 

55 rf 0:3 J ^ arantuni (25-rfoS),^.;2. To 
feel, grope. 2. to grasp at. 

5330200^ arambuni (ef-rfo^), p. «. 
To touch. 2. to climb, creep 
up (plants); also ©tjooeoj^. 

^C)=a^ arakij, s. Arrack, country 
spirit; c/. 7\o7\?jd, U3^. 

^d^^ arakij, s. Gum-lac, sealing- 
wax; ^^— , ^jsosoo— stick-lac; 
3^5— black sealing-wax ; ^c^_ 
red sealing-wax; ^-^S— seed- 
lac; 23^— shell-lac. — a?b^, 
—sjDcio^ to seal, fasten with 

?3rf^ arak^, s. A fine, white 
cloth; also tlE ?fni^_. 

wc!=a*;l^^' arak^telu, s. A large 
black scorpion, scolopendra. 
^^^^^ arakal^, see ^^f6. 

§5d^arake, adj. Half fdled^opp. 
of c-ies^ full). 

S5ds3^, ?5d£jj arakhiji, arakhu, s. 
Essence or spirit distilled 
from any thing; of. es^'F. 

55driri) aragani, i". Kitchen fur- 

^dhrS aragini, 5. A talking par- 
rot. 2. a neat or tidy woman. 

S5dh^?^^ ara^lsi^, ^i^r'. However, 
at any rate; in connection 
with neg. verbs by no means, 
never; e? c3o ©rJ-AeoJ ^o^^So he 
will never do it. 

^tT\-::) arag-u, see ^dtj^. 

esdrioocad aragundara, s. Ruin; 
also AOozsso^TJ. 

S3deJj^ aratuni (ssrJIi), 7'. n. To 
scramble, fumble. 2. to make 
a grating noise. 3. to inter- 
rupt, blab; also S9yoF-^. 

S30e3 arate, s. Prate, blabbing, 
tattle; also ^liy. 

^td:^'^ araduni («5-rf5), v. a. To 
gather up, to grasp. 2. to rub. 

^s3t^ii^i><:^:) aradekayi, see ©^^oso. 

S5dfl arane, s. The green lizard, 
Lacerta inter punctuala^ said 
to be poisonous; e5Tiro ^sS" otS 
T^-dr® if a lizard bites death 
(is certain). — sojs-do a kind of 
creeper used in medicine. 
— are^ a kind of fish. 

^53dc^n aranya, s. A wilderness, 
forest, adj. ^Vild. 

yd>B arati, s. Anger, passion; 

^d J, edj3 arate, arade, J'. Heat, 
burning. 2. impetuosity. — 2^^ 
«5 burning heat; ef^^c'rf &i^^ 
e9(yor^ to burn very much or 

^titi^., S3dc3^s3 aradala, aradale, 
s. Yellow arsenic or yellow or- 
piment. — ^fi yellow o.chre. 

^dcoD^araderij, .?./>/. A class of 

wd ara 


e3D«) ara 

Mohammedan merchants. 2. 
policemen, peons; also '^xi6B. 
eicJ^'sS) aranari, see ©tS^^s. 

S3d^, eOsSs:^ arapu, arapeli^, i'. 

e5dd)Z§ arapucce, ^. The shoe- 

flower; .s^t? troxij:;. 

Sid^^arapuni (25^), ^'•i'z. To cool, 

become calm; dsi ©d^si to 

become cool. 
S5ds3 arape, i". A crack, split ; 

cf. ©asS. 
wdzod 3^^i aralDara tinpini, v. a. 

To eat greedily, devour. 

s3d2u303o, s3rf;:S^ arabayi, arabei, 
^. Violent clamour, crj'ing 
aloud, lamentation. — ^jsbrs), 
_^e?^^tocry out vehemently, 
to bawl out, lament. —^ ^^„ 
a braying brawler, vlo-. 

e5d2S arabi, s. An Arab. 

esrfwo arabu, i'. Covetousness, 
desii^, eagerness for gain. 

§3^2^^ arabei, see ^^^l- 

esdsjjda*aramadalu, see 55x5^1^6. 

S5dSjOFS aramane, s. A palace, 

royal residence. 
S5do^ aralu, s. Drizzling rain. 

-eSeSio^ to drizzle. 
e5de;ori) aralurii, s. The black 

?5d^j^ araluni (ss^s), r'. 71. To 

open, expand, 2, to bloom, 

S5ds3x(=53 aralole, s. A tender 

palm-leaf. 2. a kind of ear- 

esds^ arava, ^. Tamil. — eps^ the 
Tamil language. — w?^ the 
Tamil country. 

^ddclii^, wd^eii^ aravantige, 
aravatige, ^. A shed where 
water is served gratuitously 
to travellers. 

53dd;:^or3 aravamani, ^. A kind of 


^6^Dn) aravasi, see ^^^^. 

^C^ aravu, s. Width, breadth. 
adj. Wide, open. 

e3ds^^ aravuni(25d),^'.«. To heap 

?5drJFi=CTj£^, euk^Zj^dod arasina- 
kutta, arasinamunda, s. The 

S5d?jj arasu, ^. Aking, monarch. 
—^00 a royal family. — ^c^ 
royalty, kingship. —-rfo/? a 
king's son, royal prince. 

esd^jj^ji arasukutta, s. A kind 
of dropsy. 

?5d?jj=^jQ arasukuri, s. A car- 
buncle; also z:)^oXisj, 2^7\oziiv. 

^:j^ arase, see esrfsJo, 

e3d°^j^ araluni, see e5de;o^. 

e5C?)2^=3' arajaka, adj. Kingless. 

s. Anarchy, confusion. 
S£D?ii arabi, adj. Broad, large, 

extensive, — "^^ a very large 

y Di) So arami, «c//'. Unlawful. 2. 

vicious, restive, /. i. a horse; 

also ^■ 
530^^ aravu, see ©t^^. 
S3D"3d)^ aravuni (ssud), v. a. To 

gather. 2. to embrace, clasp 


^Uz) ara 


55 00 aru 

in the arms. «5^S t>^?^ to 
embrace or receive with open 

e5Ci5SF* arali^ (ss^-Ci-f"). s. A person 
doing half a day's work. 2. 
half a day's wages. 

553 ari, s. An enemy. 

553 ari, J^ Rice freed from husk. 
Some of the principal kinds 
of rice are : ?5c20w ess, &^t> 
?ted, cnj^r^ ess, "a^ S95, ^cxJo^, 
^e^jSorfS, ^Srrf5, ^js^^d8, Xcrf 

GJb, eSjj^c^ S55, e3/^5, ^;^n^o&. 

A _ 

any small grain, /. i. 7it^:i^. 
3. the testicles. 

555=0 5>» arikala, s. A place for 
husking rice; also e-u^o. 

555=7 arike, s. Consent. 2. con- 
fession. 3. request. — -rfo^o^si 
to reveal, confess ; to inform, 
represent; to request. 

550A?-w* arig-isu, sec e5ti?--?cJ. 

55£2£j5?^ arijola, .?. Indian corn, 

Sorglium saccharatum. 
55Dv3 ariti, see sfS^. 
55ud°v aridala, see "s^^^. 
555^^aripuni (?5tj, z'. <2. To sift. 

2. to strain, filter. 
55Si2 aripe, ^. A sieve, colander, 

strainer: "S^ t-t a leak fin an 

earthen vessel). 
550o;:!j ariya, see ^:Air. 
55QoJoo^ ariyantra, see es^odoc 



55OOJJ0^ ariyuni, see ©odoor^. 

555^i;oj arivina, i'. A metal dish ; 
also 5c5s^r©. 

550^ arive, see es^Sr. 

535^, arishta, i". Misfortune, 

misery. adj. Unfortunate ; 

555^, arishte, s. An unfortunate 

man, a poor man, a person 

in distress. 
55dj aru, s. Brim, edge, margin, 

border. — si^j ^ to reach the 

shore, to land; to get out of a 

difficulty, to be successful;, 

cf. esTJoXo. 

55dooWJ^ arumbuni, see esiiozoo^. 

55djr!j arugu, i". Verge, brink, 

border, margin; c/. S9^o. 
55doec aruci, ^. Want of appetite. 

55rf.r9 aruna, adj. Purple-colour- 
ed, s. The name of the rising. 

55 dj^ arupu, see eiJo^oo, 

SJdjZOjci arubuda, see ssscord. 

55djSjj-i^, arumutte, s. The gills^ 
of a fish.. 

55d>is:^o:5c5.'?.Ca^^ arumuriyoduni 
(s)wo;l>oe>:5jj5), 7'. 72. To weep 
with loud lamentation and 

55 dj^ aruve, s. The mouth of 
a river, a seaport; also e9s;*o^. 
—33 831)^5" a bar, the entrance 
to a harbour. 

55do^ aruve, see »^r. 

55do56j aruhu, s. Knowledge. 2,. 
understanding, perception. 

s5do aru 


S3d are 

-acJo°^-s^odo^j arulumarulu, adj. 

Foolish, simple, childish. 
^dJSi;, ^dJ?^ arupa, arupu, adj. 

Formless, invisible. 2, de- 
formed, ugly. 
056 are, ^. Half, a moiety; ^. 

esqir. -£?f half a man's height. 
es^oz^j^ arencuni (ss-SosF), ^'. t?. 

To rub off, peel, skin. 
S56o237)^^ arenjavuni, cv. {of 

©TSoaio^), To cause to deny. 

2. to hide away. 
■ssdozdo^ arenjuni (e95c^), v. a. 

To deny, gainsay. 2. to 

conceal; cf. sssScSio^. 

5560^^ arenjele, s. A denier, 
disown er. 

■?36o23?3 arentele, see ©^oSd, 

ssd^f^j* arekann^, i". A half sight, 
an imperfect glance. 2. squint 
eyes. 3. eyes partly closed. 

^ds'sr?) arekani, j-. The hundred 
and twenty-eighth part of any 

Ssd^DO^j arekayi, adj. Half ripe; 
also 3'?i7u)oso. fpart, 

s^ds'se;^ arekal^, s. The eighth 

^(5=^ areke, i'^^ «5Ti^. 

S56^J3clo^ arekodyeli^, ^. Half 
salted or insufficiently season- 
ed dish. 

■e^driob* areg^ant^, s. k loose knot ; 
2. half a load, a small bundle. 

S36rra^; aregala, ^. The hot season, 

S56e^^ arecatte, adj. Half dead. 

2. reduced, thin, lean. 

^363^35 aresappe, « /;". Tasteless, 

«56z3^3 are^dti, adj. Half-caste, 

mongrel, mixed. 
eiSoj^Sj arejiva, s. lit. Half the 

life; the state of being half 

s56do?i areduni (25:55), v. a. To 

spoil, corrupt, mar, taint. 

2. to destroy, ruin. 
^tT^°4 aredala, see S9drf«<. 
e56dj^ areduni(£5^5),7'. n. To low. 

e36^e;S arenari, s. A person 
dressed partly as a male and 
partly as a female. 

S56?iD2:3^c5:> arendlayi, s. A stam- 
mering tongue. 

536^623° arenirelu, s. A slight 
shadow. 2. an imperfect 

•556?3i)i:* arepMu, s. Half a share, 
half part ; — 7^i5 a partner 
<?r shareholder entitled to half 
a share. 

e3655'3^ arepavu, s. One half of 
a quarter, one-eighth of a 

^trSi)'^'^ arepavuni, c. v. {of 
es-dLfj), To cause to grind. 
2. to cause to submit; to sub- 

^d?j^, S565^?j arepini, arepuni 
(£51?), V. a. To pulverize by 
pounding or grinding. I.fg- 
to oppress. ss^Sri 5^^, ?s5^ 0^ 
a grinding stone. 

s36-:3), ^6s2d^ arepu, arepeli^, s. 
The act of grinding. 2. that 

)6 are 


S5r1r arga 

which is ground for condi- 

55620022 arebanji, /?'/. Half the 
stomach, adj. Half fed, not 
satisfied, deficiently fed. 

ydwoCJ arebanda, adj. Half cook- 

s5623DOuO arebayi, see ©t^stooso. 

^6"^6<D^ arebireli^, It'l. Half a 

finger (measure), s. About 

half an inch. 
55625, arebeij s. Twice thrashed 

556djdo* aremadalu, s. A leaf 

of a palmyra. 2. one half of 

a cocoa-palm-leaf. 
556^0?-?:^ aremanasu, liL Half 

mindedness. s. Indecision. 

2. reluctance. 
S56si)0^r aremarli^, i". Craziness, 

weakness of intellect, adj'. 

Half mad. 
e56dJ5)3J5j aremapala- s. A small 

wild fruit, Rajidia longi- 


e565i)Jocl aremunde, s. A widow, 

whose head has not been 

e6s3jo5j aremeyi, adj. Reduced 

in body, lean, thin. 2. half 

inclined, half minded. 
^t'^iih arevasi, s. A half part, 

a moiety. 
556oojt!^ areyal, s. An honorary 

name given to a section of the 

Bant caste. 

«56oijj^, 5565^^ areyuni, arevuni, 
see esTjLo). 

S5^r arka, s. The sun. 2. a crys- 
tal. 3. a shrub, called also 
the yakkamale (odo^^^j???). 

S5^ro2o arkariji, ^. Swill, dish- 
water, the washings of rice 
etc. — ^5|^ different kinds of 
leaves chopped and mixed 
with straw and boiled in a 
swill for feeding cattle with. 

e5=CTF3 arkati, see ^^rS. 

e5=3'r;i arkade, s. Sunset. 

S5=arsSj arkame, s. A strong de- 
sire, eagerness. 2. indigestion, 

55=aF=^rarkarka, <3;flfe'. By degrees. 
— Sr^?j to eat repeatedly. 2. 
to gulp down. 

^"i?^^., e5=s'rs^ arkalu, arkal\i, 
s. A knot, tie. —zxTk^?:^ to tie, 
make a knot. —"^sQ?^^ to loosen 
a knot, to untie. 

55-§-rs7, S5=^ro* arkil^, arkel^, s. 
A handful. SjcsS ss^rS €.^ 
..^jsor give (mcy a handful of 

S5=ajr^ arkuni (5£^^): t-. «. To 
become less. 2. to be humbl- 
ed, depressed. 

S3=^F arke, .y^^ e?'^^- 

55=arzjJ3dj arkeburu, ^^<? «5o^ 


ssriroCj^ argantu, i'. Determina- 
tion, resolution. 2. obstinacy; 
3. malice. — c:^c&) an obsti- 
nate man. —-^^^^ to per- 
severe in obstinacv. 

55r!Fos!argaiite, i". A resolute or 
obstinate person. 

^riF argi 


^"ZF arbi 

?5hr©cdoo^, ?5rire;:)^^ argiliyuni, 
argilyuni (S9?\re5, ©txr^), v. n. 
To loathe, be disgusted, ss'^?^ 
^S S^^ to eat with aversion. 

'^T\%T7^^ argisijL, see s9TiT\?oJ- 

^fijFsS argule, ^. Loathsome- 
ness. 2. disgust, aversion. 
^f\7 arge, ^-^^ "^i-S/^. 

e52:^r=^ arcake, s. A worshipper. 
2. a priest. 

§52^r?S arcane, ^. Worship, ado- 

e52^r^^ arcipuni, v. a. To wor- 
ship. V. n. To officiate as a 

S5t3rarji,5-. Petition, representa- 
tion ; complaint. — C3i5 a peti- 
tioner. — ^jsbr?) to present a 
petition ; es^r "ij^Boxi -^^osSf 
^s'Oj when the petition is 
presented it will be favour- 
ably considered. 

^•^7^ arjita, see ^^r^, 

53wjr?2 arjune, s. The third son 

of Pandu (c3ocl)). 
eslior^ artuni, see esrjuos). 
e»c^jr^ arduni, see ef-drljs). 
S3^F arta, see ^4'^. 

^^F arti, i". An amusement, 
sport, fun. 2. novelty, curios- 
ity. 3. fondness. — croo3o a 
merry man, a person given 
to pleasure. — sicfs?)^'^ to 
please, amuse; to fondle. 

§33r arti, s. The wild fig tree, 
Ficus raceinosa. — ^coo an 
unripe wild fig. 

^qir artha, ^. Gain, wealth, 
riches, fj/. money. 2. mean- 
ing. — ^jrf^oi to explain, inter- 

^tiv4 ardala, see es^rf^. 

?5L3e)FOJoardaya, s. Half the gain. 

esc^jF^ arduni (e^Sr), e'.«. To 
wash or bleach clothes. 

^T^T ardha, s. Half, a moiety; 

cf. ®^- [tiou. 

esqisFos! ardha'Ssa, i". A half por- 

eSf^Frs, s5foF^ arnana, arnana, .?. 
A male Pariah {also^oi^'F^y 

^tiFTi arpada, s. Small-pox; 
also — ^jaeA. —a s^e3 a pock- 
mark. s'lysiFc^ a kind of 
small-pox which leaves scars 
or marks. 

essJFcl arpane, s. An offering. 
— ^^Os?) to offer. 

^'S^f'^ arpata, s. Lamentation, 

S5ojFa arpita, adj. Presented, 
offered. [cry. 

S5?jf^ arpini (555), 7-. «. To weep, 

^hF'^'^, e5^F?^j^arpipuni, arpi- 
suni (s3?iF, ©bFco), w. «. To 
dedicate, offer. 

essjF^ arpuni (e^U), 7-. ^. To 
efface, waste, obliterate; of. 

e5s3Fe3arpele,.y. A fretful person. 

2. one easily moved to tears. 
essS^F^ arpesi, ^^^ ©e3^?^. 
?520F£3 arbata, ^^^ e^^rw. 
esw^FO^j arbayi, .y^^ esT^eososo. 
S32:jF arbi, s. Water collected in 

an elevated place. 2. drizzl- 

eSEoor arbu 


55 o* aliji 

ing rain. — -^jso^i water to 
fall in broken streams over 
a small height. —Bec^^ water 
to run out, to fall in broken 

S5Wor arbu, s. Stinginess, ava- 
rice. — ^oyj^^) to covet, desire, 
long. — c3d:5j a greedy man. 

«20oFs, ?520jrci arbuta, arbuda, 
see ^^l^^. 

§52o:i5^d arbuda, 7z«/;^. Ten crores, 
100 millions. 

eeojrd6j?.^r( arbudaroga, s. Dif- 
ferent swellings, especially 

^sJ:o rd armbude, s. A skull-cap 
made of the spathe or cap- 
sular bark of the areca palm 
and worn by a class of Pariahs 
(called ^05^ tJj^). 

^OJjr arya, s. A small earthen 
vessel; c^ojSuSodor an oil-pot. 

yc;jjr^ aryana, see ^Ossr®. 

^cdoor^ aryuni (®^j, ^'- ^2. To 
ooze, drip. 2. to flow, run, as 
water; also ooOorfooS). 

^^Fzij'D^F arlumarlu, see ©tjo^o 

^foF aria, i". Half a seer. 
.^v^F'^ arluni (S5'5r). 7'. n. To 

burn, blaze. 2. to smart; 

e?orfo^js;?? ©£jjrcrfj /^V. his face 

is burning, t. e. he is very 

^'dJl^F'S arlole, s. A kind of fish. 

^ZjF§^^ ^ziFd arvatte, arvade, s. 
A man's sister's son. 2. a 

y^r arve, s. A cloth; an old 
rag. ^ooki:>z:.£F a piece of 

"j'^F arve, J^^ ©^o^, s5^o^. 

^^rod arsande, j-. Rejection; 
disrespect; making light of. 

e3?jrcdj, ^T^^DFoi:) arsaya, arsaya, 
s. A certain festivity or cere- 
mony. -RozitirQao the ceremony 
of leaping over burning coals, 
performed by devil-dancers 
or dasaiyas (zrariodon^. 

S5?:Dr^^ arsavuni, see e??ter4S). 
S5?5^r^ arseve, see e9;^rDdo. 

5325*0200:3, essj^otoosl al^mbuda, 
alumbude, s. The castor-oil 
plant. -S-^i^^Gaoozf a smaller 
kind, called Ricinus commu- 

^<:^oti alumbe, s. Suffering. 2. 

§3^*^023^4^ alumbevuni, see 55<5o 

SSO*c2^d al^mbhava, i". Satisfac- 
tion, contentment. 2. experi- 
ence, knowledge; see ©^os^Ssi. 

e5e:*o2iJ:)^^ ali^mbhavipuni (s? 
6c^,s). 2'. n. To feel satisfied, 
content. 2. to experience, en- 
joy, suffer, to be vexed. 

^15* =5* al^ki^, see ^^j^- 

°3zf7^ alug^, see sseK. 

§523*?^ al^sfe, i". A kind of drum, 

^&^z^ alupucce, s. A pole- 

^^^5 al^be, a. Frail, fragile. 
2. weak, puny, thin. 

°5o ala 



S3oc^^ alanku, s. An armadillo. 
2. a kind of fish. 

e5^o3^ alankiji, s. The dried 
oil-plant oiSesamujn Iiidicum 
or jinjili seed. 

23^0^0^^ alankaripuni («5e;o^a), 
v.a. To adorn, decorate. 

S55;Q03d alankara, s. Ornament, 
decoration. 2. beauty. — 's^^, 

esejo^'s^^) alankavuni, 6-. 7', (^ 
eseioSo^), To cause to shake, 
to shake. 2. to perturb, con- 

ese;o^j^,S3yor!o^ alankuni, alan- 
guni (©e^o^, esooK), ^. ^. To 
shake, agitate, wave, move. 
2. to strike or knock against, 
trip up. V. n. Be agitated. 
©e^c^ ^e& agitated water. 

yoori alanga, s. A rampart. 

e5e;o£Jj^ alantuni, 5^^ ©dowosi. 

ss^ozooc^ alambuda, see ^6oziozi. 

e3e;o2oj^ alambuni (©ejo^^), z'. «. 
To wash. 2. to shake, be agi- 
tated as water; see oooaio^. 

esooE^d alambhava, see ?36c2^^. 

^'ij'^ alaka, s. The town of Ku- 
bera, the god of wealth. —Z9 
t:?:i to become wealthy. 

^■vTf, ^^rio alag^, alagu, s. 
Tremulousness or quivering 
of the voice in singing. — ?j^^ 
a tremulous voice. 

?5pjr!o^ alaguni (ese^K), v. n. To 
shake; cf. ©(^o^os). 

^■ijfs alage, ^^^ «5^^. 

e5<i>2^o^ alacuni (S5<^^), t-. 7?. To 
move, shake; cf. ssej^io^. 

^ejZ3^s5?i alajavuni, ^. ?'. ((?/ 
esejftio?)), To shake ; ^^^^ ^d3dt> 

es^tio^ alajuni, -?t:5 «5e;;do^. 

?5o^o5o alapayi, ^. Hiring cattle 
for milking. — :^^?) to take 
milch cattle on hire. ~'i:&h'F?i 
to hire out milch cattle. 

ws;^?5 alapuni see ©^^^, e;sg^^. 

wej^J alama, ^^^ ®2^^4,- 

?3^djj^ alamuni (sse^So), z'. (X. 
To mix with the hand. 

^^t^"^ alaruni, see e£)^e;o^. 

e3o^i alavu, Steel. — rf Afe|^ a 
bar of steel. 

^e;s^^ alavuni (p^), v. a. To 
mix. 2. to temper. 3. to make 
even, to level. 

^'o^f alasi^, adj. Old, worn out. 
2. bad, 3. mixed; also ^aioJ. 

ye>?"/20'i;^ alasuballu, i'. A thick 
rope, cable; see &v^^. 

e5sj?d alasa, ^^e <z?<^7i^. 

^t>7i<D^, ^vn^ft alasalu, alasi^^e, 
s. Fatigue, weariness. 2. vexa- 

?3e;?jj^ alasuni (es^^cj), •j'. «. To 
agitate, shake, v. n. To be 
fatigued, vexed. 2. to suffer 
griping pain; o3oo^ sooaS ese; 
?-oo-rfj I have a stomach-ache. 

e)e;^r3 alal^shana, ^^(? esde^r®. 

53 ^^CT o, S3^^ alakshya, alakshe, 
.9. Disregard, negligence, in- 

woD ala 


S553 ale 

e5S:"3 ala, int. Behold, lo, there 

it is; see -e;^. 
S557£)S^ alaku, s. Destruction, 

ruin; see ^e)D^. — -rfo^^jv^ to 

ruin, spoil, destroy. — £?5 

^e^^i to go to ruin. 
«3S3Ds, e5£:5"523^ allta, alad^, s. A 

thick coir-rope, cable; also 

^y^iD, ?3Oi>03j alabi, alayi, i'. 
The annual Moharain festival 
of the Mohammedans. — ^re 
^^) to close the festival with 

ssyscdjo^ alayuni(55<s;3)e. «. To 
take away. 

S5ej"3^;) alavuni, see S5£'4^- 

S5S-0- aliki, adj. Inferior, low, 
mean; bet. ^eS^- — -rfo^o^^ to 
depreciate, disparage, de- 
grade, — ss^rJ a word of con- 
tempt, —^tt low people. 

^tif\ alige, ^<?^ 65^;^. 

§5£i?^ alige, .r^^ «5^. 

y©^^ alipuni, see ss^^S). 

^©s^jD% y£i^j»)D* alimari^, ali- 
mir^, s. The tree called Me- 

^'t^zi^^^ aliyuni (stsS). f. 7^. To 
dissolve, decay. 2. to perish, 
die, become extinct ; also ®e5 

e£5^ alivu, o. Extinction, ruin. 
^ja^ooFio^alung-uni (esauoK), j'. 72. 

To be soft, as a ripe fruit. 
^o^v0^jJCialumbuda, see sf^oaiorf. 
S52;jo2oo^ alumbuni, see ejoosoo^. 

S5s;jrlo^ aluguiii(«52^jK), ■r'.7^. To 
move; see esoc^o?). 

S5e;jWorI alubaDo;a, s. Vexation, 

S523 ale, s. Butter-milk; sec 55^. 

_^^^^ to churn butter-milk. 
S323, e5s3^ ale, ale, ?Vz/. Behold, lo! 

yidctSalenji, ^. Grease ^'r oil etc. 
swimming on the surface of 
water. — 3i®j^S) greasy sub- 
stances to stick to something. 

e323o2;iO^ alenjuni (25«3o2§'), v.n. 
To turn, arooso- to hesitate 
in speaking. 2. to deny; see 

S5s323^4^> alejavuni c. v. [of ^6 
Si^si), To cause to shake, to 
shake. 2. to cause to mingle. 

es3tio^, ys3t;iJ ^ alej'uni, alej'Juni 
(5Se32§), v. n. To be agitated, 
disturbed. 2. to be turbid. 
3. to mix, mingle. 4. to be 

SiiSj53^o5j alepayi, see sfe^^ioso. 

?52353-e)4^> alepavuni, c.v. ( <?/ ?s 
«33g'^), To -cause to tire, to fa- 

es5^^ alepuni (S5»i), v. a. To 
oppress, t'. n. To be fatigued; 

S3?3sios^aIeinaiii, i-. A European. 

2. a German. 
eeSo^jo^i, 55 ^4 ^> aleyuni, alevuni 

(?5e3), z'. 72. To wander, roam. 

2. to be weary. 3. to bethink 

oneself. S5e35 ^&h?^ to stare; 

see e5s3?^^. 

55 s3? ale 


£5 S3 ava 

"36^-^, ^'J^SJ aleki, alekha, s. An 
unwritten or blank leaf. 2. a 
blank book of palm leaves, 

^<d^^p alevuni (eseSe), v,7i. To 
bethink oneself; see e5e34^. 

^o\ alkij, s. Timidity, adj. 

Timid, frightened; also ^^^. 

—sojsTij^ to shudder. 
S5€), alki, see essj^, ^es,. 
°3VJ,^ alkuni (S5<5^), ■t', ?i. To be 

afraid. 2. to start, shudder, 

tremble. 55^^5 eojs-dos), — ^? 

4.^^ to be startled. 
S525^ 4c^ algavuni <:. ^. (o/isoo^^)^ 

To cause to shake; ^/".©a'o^^S). 
532^0 ?i alffuni, see ©e^OAO^. 

S5$3tf305o aldekayi, 5-. The gall- 
nut, ink-nut, Tcri7iinaUa che- 

?3sj\ alpa, adj. Little, small, 
trifling. 2. mean, low. — ^^^ 
of limited understanding ; cf. 

ssSs^rv^ alpisiji, see e?e3^?,^. 
§52;o2S alpucce, see ©€4^. 

e£)e3^o?) a good black 



S5^ alpe, s. An unimportant 

• S3s3vP^ alpesi, ^. A covetous man, 

miser. ^^'. Low, mean, stingy. 
53e;,o7^ albang^ij, ^^^ «5<yo20oA. 

esd albe, a^^'. Thin, weak, lean. 

2. good for nothing, 
^e;, alma, s. Breed, offspring; 

oSjiS ese; a good breed. 
«32Jar^ almana, ^^^ s5?io^j?i?i. 
yd, y53j3, alme, almo, i". A 

salutation given to Brahmins 

or Jains by inferiors. 

yi23,D^ almer^, s. An almeira, 

a wardrobe. ["pick. 

S523^=s^a allukaddi, s. A tooth- 

S5eJo^ allambra, i". Agitation, 

CO s^ 


S3 015 alia, s. The Mohammedan 
appellation of the Supreme 
Being. 2. wz/. of surprise. 

S20-^^^ allavuni (©e^s,), 7'. «;. To 
mix; ^. 592J4oi. 

e30, S3£)?^ alii, allio^e, s. The 
water-lily; also ®^rf ^. 
2. the flower of Nelumhium 
speciosuni; also ss^'iS. 

^^Sh c^o alludu, adj. Perishable, 

ye3 alle, s. The side, groin, hip. 
—7^^ a lateral branch. 

e3'Z) ava, pref. implying dimi- 
nution, privation. 

S3d ava, int. Behold, lo; see e?^. 

e3^^5^5iavakasa, i'. Opportunity, 
leisure; cf. ^J^^gi)^. 

eis^rica avagada, ^. Calamity, evil, 
mischief. 2. disorder, con- 
fusion. 3. difficulty, danger. 

S3 triors avaguna, s. An evil dis- 
position, a vice. 2. the state 
of growing worse. 

23d2E avaje, s. Sound, noise. 

e3S^:§ avade, s. A kind of country 
beans; also ^■^-&. 

e3sd3Di:J avatara, s. Descent, in- 
carnation. 3:i33 -^s^j-^ the ten 

incarnations of Vishnu C-^m-^ ). 

S5d ava 


e^ avu 

— £sj3 reos), — ■rfo^ja r®o^, ©doQ 
ijspso^), a9j^^&^^ to become in- 

edl„ avatte, see s£)^;6 . 

§5d:^ ci avatsara, i'^'^ ©s^oprfxi. 

e5sjp avadlii, ^. A limit, term, 
period, fixed time. 

'=3z:^d>J5i avadhute, s. One who 
has abandoned his family 
and all earthly desires. ^^ 
z^ji^ T^jeiTx - the manner of lead- 
ing a life of austerity. rji. 

S5^?do2i=aavanambike, see s5^?;gs!> 

S3SJsJip avapatya, ^. Violation of 
a prescribed diet. adj. Con- 
trary to diet. 

essjdo^ avamata, s. Heterodoxy. 

S5^s:iJ5'^ avamana, see W7i■dJ^:^. 

^^oSjt^rl avayog-a, s. A bad 

omen, a portent. 
?5d6 avare, see ©20^. 

^5^03^ aval^, «^//'. Best, first rate. 
— ^"rf the best kind. 

S55Jejc2o^ avalambane, adj\ De- 
pending on. .y. Protection, 
an asylum. 

S5SJs;=CTr9 avalakshana, s. An in- 
auspicious sign. 2. ugliness. 

65^53 avale, 5. A rift, cleft, adj. 
Hollow, not solid. 

^zS^^:)^ avala^iuna, see es^^^oji. 

55^5)0 avasya, s. Need, neces- 
sity, adj. Necessary, urgent, 
requisite. — nacS unnecessary. 

e5^?i^p avasatya, s. A lie, false- 

S55J?ic! avasara, JTt^tj 25;l)?rf. 

s5d;^DF^, 55 s^?;'© Co J avasana, ava- 
saya, ^. End, conclusion, ter- 
mination. 2. death. 

iSzinJDt avasara, see ^-^Ti^. 

i5d^, S3^?g avaste, avasthe, i^. 
State, condition. 2. circum- 
stances, situation. 3. dijffi- 

si5SJ3 ava, pnL Lo ! behold ; see &^. 

^^Do^iO avantara, adj. Interme- 
diate, included. 2. calamitous. 
s. Straits. 2. alarm, confu- 
sion. 3. public calamity. 4. 
foreign invasion. 

53^11 tap avacya, adj. Not fit to be 
spoken. 2. obscene. 

S5^^s3j,, e^^)^ni avalte, avaltige, 
j-. Charge, care; commission, 
conferred trust; safe keeping. 
— ;l)^j^a to give in charge, to 
entrust another; also ^ssd . 

S5C;e3^C avicara, s. Want of en- 
quiry. 2. indiscretion, rash- 
^ ness. 3. negligence. 

^S^^cdj avidhsya, adj. Disobe- 
dient. — s^ disobedience. 

S5D3j?=ct avivska, s. Indiscretion. 
2. imprudence, folly. 

S5^3^,7i avisvasa, ^. Distrust, un- 
belief, unfaithfulness. 

^^^e)k avisvasi, s. An unbe- 

e55Jj avu, projz. dcm. It, that, 
that thing. — 2£o^c£ besides 
that. S5^? is it that? ©5, 
esS^e {ei)iph.) just that, even 
that, the very thing. 

S5^ avu 


e5^, ashta 

'555^0=3^0^ avunkuni (^^jo^), 7'. a. 
To crop. 2. to snatch, 3. to 
press down : ^>^ ^fdo^'S ss 
^o^citio ^j5(v press it down as 
much as you can, 

^^oyoavuntu, s. Pride, haughti- 
ness, arrogance. 

t5s3)oejo^ avuntuni (ss^oIj), v. n. 
To be proud. 

'J35^o3j)^ avurapuni (^4^), z'. a. To 
press. 2. to mumble. 

S5S^=a5)?j avukasa, ^^<2 «s^^^. 

S35^:^N avutana, ^. A feast, enter- 
tainment, dinner; also ^^cs. 
—■do^^^ to give an entertain- 
ment. — asoSo a guest. 
es^^q^ avushadha, sec SF?^^- 
°3S^^j avulu, adv. There. 2. 
beyond; ^/^c* ^^o. 594^4^0 
here and there, es^s?? {emph.) 
just there, even there, in that 
very place. 

?5^oOJj avyaya, s. An indecli- 
nable word, grain. 
■234^" avval, J't'^ ^^€. 

•as^^ asakta, rt:^//'. Weak, feeble. 
2. sick. 

Si)c^^ asakti, s. Weakness, in- 

^£j^ asakte, s. A weak or sick 

5^2)^0 asakya, adj. Impracti- 
cable, impossible. 

-asJf^ asana, s. Eating. 2. food. 
©g^sqi!-- maintenance, subsi- 
stence; -^-«-r^ to give main- 
tenance, to feed. 

Incorporeal. — ro^n a voice 
from heaven, an oracle. 

535^^2^, e32ijd asuci, asuddha, a"^". 

Impure, 'unclean, polluted. 

— eyb^ to become unclean. 

— ^j^ uncleanness, pollution. 
^^^Z^ asubha, adj. Inauspici- 
ous, evil. .?. Unluckiness, 

ssisjjfi alemane, s. A seat for 

the bride. 
^f)Jz)^v asoka, s. Freedom from 

grief. 2. the name of a king. 
^tJi>^=i [^~:)t)) asoke (mara), j-. 

The tree Uvaria longifolia. 

— ■rff^ a grove of such trees. 

y^ZG*^, s33^5Q*^asrabu, asrap\i, see 


e^^^, s3gp;o, aslesha, aslesi, 

see ©>€ ^jX- 
S34 asva, s. A horse. 

^4^->^^^ ^J^ asvattha-, asva- 
ta mara, see ess: ?j ^ij, 

55^5^3 asvapati, s. The king of 
horses. 2. a dynasty at Delhi. 

55^Sjj^qja3vamedha, s. The cere- 
mony of sacrificing a horse. 

23 ^, e3^,=5^ ashta, ashtaka, <^c^'. 

y^,^^, ashtakashta, ^. Eight 
sources of troubles to which 
man is liable. 

23^=s="3ori ashtakanga, s. A board 
(^r cloth having eight rows 
of squares eight in each row : 
a chess-board. 

S5^, ashta 



u^.rlz;;, S5^ariti ashtagaja, 
ashtadio^gaja, s. The eight ele- 
phants which, according to 
the Hindu Sastras, are sup- 
posed to support the earth. 

^^.A ashtage, s. An offering for 
the dead. 

esSi.^D'-^ashtatala, s. A mode or 
measure in music. 

^^p^^, ashtadikkiji, s. The eight 
points of the compass; also 
^zi^j&6. es4^£^e)^u the guar- 
dians of the eight points of 
the compass. 

e5^,ci,^c ashtadravya, i'. An offer- 

ing of eight ingredients. 

S5i^Xij, ashtapatti, s. An octa- 
li tj ■ '■ ■ ■ 

?5S^,3^& ashtapadi, s. A verse with 

eight feet. 
y-^,2ocCJ ashtabandha, s. A kind 

of mortar composed of eight 


yil,2v7;?i!; ashtabhag-ya, s. The 
eight requisites to the regal 
state, z'iz. "^^^^ territory, £iJO 
zss"d treasure, ^oE forces, ©"^3 
elephant, 'Soz:^^ horse, ^^ 
ketasol, s^^'Ji fly-brush, 3^e3 c-& 

e5Sl,e3j5^r! ashtabhoga, s. The 


eight sources of enjoyment, 
z'tz. f^^ habitation, sos-^;^ bed, 
^ocWj raiment, 5i:3 oso jewels, 
djstSa wife, ^flower, Xciji per- 
fumes, z^^S^^^o betel-leaf 
and arecanut. 

ysl^j ashtama, n?irm. adj. The 

e3^,^ji)^ja ashtamasiddhi, see es 
eJ ^ 9 ■ 

es^Cij asbtami, see »s ^o. 


S5^,^3 asbtasiddbi, s. The eight 

eJ 9 ■ 

miraculous attainments. 
S5Si|),C9DN asbtavidbana, i'. The 
eight kinds of devotion. 

^^SD.^CT Ds^oo^. asbtaksharimantra, 
s. The eight mystical letters 
used in incantations : §j fi ^e 

S5^A^oJ.r asbteisvarya, j^^ ess^ 

sSrooSUo asankbya, adj. Innume- 

S5?;jort3 asangati, s. An adverse 
circumstance, an accident. 

S5rood2^'^ asandarbba, s. Unsea- 
sonableness, inconvenience. 
adj. Unconnected, irrelevant; 

S5?oo2-cq5 asambandba, s. Discon- 
nection, incoherence, adj. Dis- 
connected, incoherent. 2. ab- 

e5?;jocoo asanbya, adj. Disgusting, 
loathsome, s. Molestation, 
intolerable vexations. 2. dis- 
gust, aversion. — CfLs* to be 
disgusted wuth. 

y?;!^ asakta, see ^^^. 

^7id asadde, s. Disdain, con- 
tempt, scorn. 2. negligence, 
carelessness. — ^^ the state 

^7i asa 


s3oL asti 

of being scornful or careless. 
— ^s?o^S> to despise, neglect. 

sjrj^n asatya, (idj. Untrue, false. 
s. Falsehood. 

e3rdci asaddha, 1^^^". False. 2. un- 

S3?oC3p asadya, see ^Tizz^^. 

?5?os:io, s5?j:^js?^ asama, asamana, 
s. Inequality, adj. Unequal, 
dissimilar, unlike. 2. odd, 
diverse. 3. incomparable. 

^T^zij^ni)^ asamadhana, s. Un- 
settled state, restlessness, un- 
easiness, disquietude. 2. dis- 
satisfaction, peacelessuess. 
3. dissension, quarrel. 

y?d03j asaye, see ^;rfo3j. 

sJi^aJor asayya, see &7io-^^. 

e5roD^ asariji, see £?;^5. 

^r^SjjF asarme, s. Management 
of a household. 

^Tio^ asal^, s. Root, origin. 2. 
capital, stock (in trade). 3. 
prime cost. 4. an original, a 
fair copy. 

s3?;j23 asale, adj. First-class, su- 
perior, 2. fine, thin, neat. 

^7^6 asale, i-. A split. — 2ooa>^» 
to split, crack. Hight. 

s5?ie3do?ds3 asalemasale, s. Twi- 

S5?oSo3^^), ^t^x-oKj'^ asahipuni, 
asahyisuni (s5?joo, -§co), z'. n. To 
loathe, feel disgust at; e/. ef 


?5?79(^p asadhya, <^^". Impracti- 
cable, unattainable, .y. Im- 

s5?3e)Sjo-^ asamya, ^^^ e5?i^o. 

e5?ja>rf asara, ^'^^ Sapless, taste- 
less. 2. worthless; also ^?te^TJ. 

S3A)d asiddha, «<^/. Not achieved 

9 ^ 

<9r effected. 2. unprepared, 

not ready. 3. undecided. 4. 

S5?iod asura, ^c^'. Giant-like, 

gigantic. 2. cruel. — ^g)^Q a 

cruel deed , diabolical action 

or work. 
^ri':)^ asuri, s. A giantess, the 

wife of a giant. 
yi?oodj;^odj asurusuru, s. A deep 

e5?oj6 asure, s. A giant. 

e5?iJ3Cjj asuya, s. Envy, jealousy, 

S5roJ5d asura, adj. Yellow. 2. un- 
alloyed, as gold. 

S3?jJ30 asiiri, adj. Extra, mis- 
cellaneous. -seJr extra ex- 

^Kj^6 asure, i". Daily expendi- 
ture; sundry expenses; also 

s3?2sJocl asemane, ^^^ ss^^??. 
55?^SJr. asaukhya, s. Uneasiness, 
unhappiness, ill-health. 

y^, es^dJSF^ asta, astamana, s. 

S5^D^, ejrOj^ astar^, astri, s. The 
lining of a garment. 

^Xi asti, ^. A bone, -a^-dhectic 

S5A} S3DCJ astivara, s. A founda- 




e^ ah 

^4^5 S3?j0g^i:dj astu, astunama, 
s. Consent, agreement. 

ss^ aste, adv. Slowly. — sooc^?) 
to breathe heavilr ; dcL '^f) . 

S5?o d asthira, adj. Unsteady, 
transient, fleeting. 

55^ 2C^, 53A;^^^ asrabi^, asrapu, 
adj. Noble. 

^^ijd asrabide (°<S7iyd 8!)?ai), (/?V. 
a monstrous seed.) .y. Any 
grain elc, the cultivation of 
which exhausts the soil. 2. 
a wicked person. 

S3^z2 asrabe, s. A nobleman, 
good man. 

S5^ asre, s. A destroyer; c/. 

^3?^:^ asvastha, ^. Sickness, ill- 
ness. adj. Unwell, sick. 

55:^, ?5sdco aha, ahaha, i?if. of 
surprise. Ah! aha! 

53^0 u&^^ ahankaripuni (ss^os' 
^),v.n. To be proud, arrogant, 

^ooo^Dd ahankara, i'. Self-con- 
sciousness. 2. egotism, pride, 
self-conceit, haughtiness. — c:s 
oSo a proud, self-conceited 
or insolent man. 

e^o?:^p=CT ahannika, see ep^s'. 

^ ^ ' CO 

^3co2p33:! ahambhava, i". Self- 
consciousness, self-confidence, 

^3oo^^j3 ahammati, ^. .Self-con- 
ceitedness, a vain mind. 

^h ahi, s. A snake. 

£5 CO 3 abita, adj. Disagreeable, 
unsalutary. s. Harm, wrong. 

e5^Jt^Ds)Sj ahoratre, s. A day 
and anight lasting from sun- 
rise to sunrise. 

e5^ ala, s. Measure, capacity. 

e5^o§* alanku, s. An ant-eater. 

?5^o=5s)^^ alankavuni, see esejos^ 

65^0=^0^ alankuni, ^<^^ sse^o^'oa. 

55^0^^ alantuni (ss^cS). v. n. 
To shake. 2. to move. 

S5^^ alaka, s. A large basket 
for measuring rice etc. 

S5S^=^, ^^t alake, alate, .y. Mea- 
surement. — -sios^^Ox^i to mea- 
sure, mete; of. ^'S>^, S3«^. 

53^^^ alapuni (s?^), t'. «. To 

ess^^aJo alya, ^^(? esodor. 
S3^^^alavuni (25^), r-.w. To mix, 

55 Ve) ala, J(2^ 69£ro. 

sj^'s)^^ alavu, see «5<y^. 

e5°^S£o*, alikattu, s. Ruin. 

S5§^^, alipuni (59*), r-. ??. To 
perish, die. 2. to be destroyed, 
be ruined; also es^S ^ebs). 

55^cdj aliya, s. A son-in-law, 
nephew; — as a rule a man's 
sister's son marries the daugh- 
ter of his mother's brother. 
deL 55^^^ . —TicQt^ the law 
of inheritance in the female 
line. According to this law 
the family property descends 
not from a man to his son, 
but from a woman to her 

e5^ all 


S5^ aksi 

55^oJjo^d aliyantara, i". Ruin, 

?3S?oJjj^ aliyuni, ^fc'<? ®«4»- 

^^0^0 aluku, s. Modesty, bash- 

€5«^o;js? aluvali, ^. A daughter's 

?5^js3 aluve, ^. An instalment. 
2. a term of payment; ^. ^oi, 

?5°^o^ aluve, s. The mouth of 
a river, a harbour. —Tisosjd 
^^ a custom-house; ^^^ esTio^. 

^c? ale, ^^^ ®«3- 

?3^o23 alenji, s. A kind of weed 
growing on the surface of 
stagnant water. 

^^ti^ ^ alejjuni, see s5e3&;o^. 

e5^53D03j alepayi, see esei^Josj. 

S5S?dj^ alevuni (®^), t'. ^z. To 
muse, to be absent-minded or 
abstracted. es^S ^j^h^ to 
look bewildered, perplexed; 

c/. w6;^^. 
^s^:),^ alkuni, see ese^OaS). 

^^ altu, adv. Thence; also 

55^ alta (i''^?2. o/l/ie adv. s54°vj), 

«(^', Of that place. 
^^ alpa, <3;^J^'. There, in that 

place. ^^'^ here and there. 
^'4^ alya, ^^^ esocsop-. 
.t5|,, ^'ij\ alii, allige, ^^^ e9<^- 
.?5^, alle, ^^^ «5^- 

^^ aksha, i". The eye. 2. a 

mark on dice. 3. a die. 4. 

a wheel. — e5?e3, — -S)?!^, — ^o:io. 

_£)rf^ gambling, playing with 

S3^oaQ akshantari, ^. A gift of 

yellow rice. 

55=5^^, e=D^I akshata, akshate, ^. 
Raw rice mixed with kuiiku- 
ma {i.e. turmeric powder) 
and used for religious pur- 
poses, -^ijcsaj^i rice over 
which incantations have been 

^=CTd akshada, s. A red mark 
put on the forehead after 
dinner, chiefly by Brahmins. 

e5=CTC3«)dj, ?53^ doSsS akshadama, 
akshamale, s. A rosary or string 
of beads, especially of the 
seeds of Elaeocarpus^ used in 

?3=ctOJj akshaya, adj. Imperish- 
able, immortal. — ;:t)^ a brass 
vessel for receiving alms. s. 
The last year of the Hindu 

y=CT d akshara, {Jit. undecaying). 
s. A letter. — lired (///. a gar- 
land of letters) the alphabet. 

S3=5^ dsd aksharaTiia, s. A scholar. 

e5^ akshi, ^. The eye. 2. suc- 
cess, prosperity. — 2ie;?3 mov- 
ing of the eyes. —M^ a scor- 


e^^D aka 


w a, The second letter of the 

tj l,,de>n. pron. That; e? 5:1 that 

side or party; ^ ^Ti-dj?,?i that 

mau, e? ef. e?cdj?) each, every. 

respective. — ^sorfor each work. 

2. when added to two or more 
consecutive words, the mean- 
ing is disjunctive: either— or, 
whether— or; as <^o^^ £?:>2o 
?^ whether this or that man? 

3. it is an affix of interroga- 
tion, which changes accord- 
ing to phonetic rules into 
?33, orfjs; as S£)c5 yes: ?5ccro is 
it? 2^3 you came: ao^ ?ro did 
you come? ^ thou, you: ^odja 
is it you? 

Wo=CTQoioj^ankariyuni, see essoo^ 

Wo?>)d ankara, see essco^s^. 

tJo^:^ ankita, i"<?^ esc-Sr^. 

yo=CT anke, 5'. Force, pressure, 
compulsion. 2. authority, 
power, control. 3. support. 
~°^^^^ to force, compel, to 
obtain by coaxing. — osoSo a 
strong, powerful man. 

WoA^C:^ anglrasa, s. The sixth 
year in the Hindu cycle of 

tJoS^ and^, see ^h^. 

tfoc^, e;o:35JD anda, andala, see 


sro3u, sics antara, antra, s. The 
bowels, entrails. — ecross swell- 
ing of the scrotum or testicles. 
— sraojoo flatulence; hernia. 

tfosOojr antarya, s. The mind; 

see S9o;^odor. 2. sentiment, 

opinion; ^/. ssos^ca. 
WoS andi, .y. Caution. 2. bail, 

a security. ~^03:)^-S:) one 

who stands security, becomes 

yoCj.Sj^Oojj andravayu, see e?o^ 

SiJoeos;"' ambalu, s. A water-lily 

which opens after sunset. 
src2oDs^ ambala, see S5o20^. 
^oLl?^ ambige, j<?^ sscz^ci-R. 

tjooooo, tfoZJj ambura, ambra, 
see ^^• 

tfoZj ambe, a^/z'. There, on that 
side. 2. after, prep. Beyond. 

WozSa^^ amberipuni (^cssa), 
?:'. «. To be drowsy or sleepy. 
2. to dream. 3. to be con- 

tjosjjdd amavade, see "isztSjiS. 

SjcSo=o amhika, see ©g^s'. 

^=^6 akara, see es^rJ. 

tj^sJr, y^^r akarsa, akarsha, 5. 

Attraction, drawing towards 

each other. — ^^ the power 

of attraction. 
Zi'aD'j akara, s. Form, shape. 

2. the letter O". 

^'u's aka 


wzs aja 

ys^si, y^oD^ akasa, akasa, s. The 
atmosphere, sky. 

t?^6 akire, s. A nettle-plaut, 
Urtica hetei'ophylla. 

W=^j^j akulu, dern. pron. [pi. of 
efoSj or ei-f), They. 2. eV w 
afjixed to adjectives^ pai'tici- 
ples and nouns to co7ivert 
them into personal nouns, as 
oSotf cBfrDS'o^o good people, ^js^ 
c335o«j those that see, £3ee?cro 
t5'os;*o working people etc. 

y^x3 akr^ti, ^. Form, shape. 

«€o, wtTj akeri, akri, see e?sSj^s. 

tJSJDs akhata, i". Aii artificial 

^£\Xf, tfaSiO akheiru, akheiri, J-. 

The end, termination, adj. 
Final, last. adv. Finally, at 
last ; see ss^eQ. 

wajo, tJi3p akhya, akhye, ^. A 
name. 2. the subject of a 
sentence, gram. 

yio'^o^ akhyata, s. The predi- 
cate, gram. 

tJA^ agy, (///. fire), s. Steam. 
— ef^^to be consumed, to come 
to an end. — - t^dS, see s^Ht^^. 
zy-Rjt^E a steamer. 

tJri^j agama, s. Arrival. 2. a 
work on Hindu ritual etc. 3. 
augment, grafn. 

wri^jf:! agamana, ^. Advent, ar- 

^T\t., tjrrad a2:ara, agara, s. A 
habitation, house. 

y?id agara, i"^^ ®a5. 

^f\ agne, ^^^ e**! 



S5r|,?0jj agneya, «^//. South-east. 

yzcSjOfS acamane, s. The cere- 
mony of sipping a few drops 
of water and repeating the 
twenty-four names of Vishnu 
(ijsiJ^) before performing any 
religious ceremony. 

S:?2^dcl acarane, s. Usage, esta- 
blished custom. 2. obser- 
vance. 3. performance of re- 
ligious ceremonies. 4. a cere- 
mony, rite. 

tjz:* O^N S'Caripuiii {pdt^), v. a. To 
observe, practise, perform. 

tJza'sO acara, s. Usage, custom. 
2. conduct. ■^^■^crotsDd tradi- 
tional observance. 

tJL5«)drl acarane, see eyeirSf?. 

e:JZ5Da acari, s. A smith or car- 
penter. — sojsTio a kind of 

tJtSDd, tJCiDoSoF acare, a6arye, s. 

A spiritual guide, a priest. 
?5td aJa, An oath, a curse. 2. 

swearing. — ^jsLrs) to swear. 

—sscli^ to imprecate, curse. 

_l:acxjoo^ to deliver from an 

oath, to revoke a curse- 
^Zi-^ ajane, num. adj. Sixth. 

Siz^D' ajar, s. Presence; het. ms 
diB. — eyb^ to be present. 
—■dd'^xz^ to produce (a wit- 
ness etc.). — 3:3.3re^ bail, secu- 
rity for the appearance of 
another before a court of 
justice. — ^^3 ^ muster-roll. 

tfti aja 


t>M<^ an^ 

^li^ ajala, s. Six seers. 
^22D^^ ajavuni, c.v. ((^£?&;oS)), 

To dry or drain. 
^Z^ aji, num. Six. 
S;:522c^-^> ajiduni (e^-cSS), z\ a. To 

expose clothes eU. for drying. 
wzSsi ajipa, see ^^tt. 

•iysf j, z/.y^. To dry up, drain off; 
as, AO^Ss$ ^eS e?2Sc5 the well is 
dry; eyeSS ^eb^ to be dried 
up. ^^^ dried, freed from 
moisture or sap. ©"Sica un- 
dried, wet: e?3;oa g^ocyj a 
wet cloth. 

tJzS aje, ^^1? '^2i. 

ti^jai;^j ajolu, num. adv. Six 

ezB alne, ^. Command, order. 

2. permission. 3. a judicial 

sentence, doom, 
ajpa, num. Sixty; see "is^^t,. 

y ata, s. Amusement, sport, 
game. 2. a play; — cro^So an 
actor; a gambler. — 331)13. 
— ^r^n dancing and playing 
with music. 3. ivhen forming 
the latter part of compounds 
it signifies continuity ; as, S5 
s^ary crying or weeping long. 
/le?s?sy lamentation. 

jeic^ atank^, itanka, 
s. Hinderance, obstacle. 
£je3 ati, s. The fourth solar 
mouth. — ::; ^fo^ profound 
darkness. — ^cS a kind of 


OCaf ad^, see oosS, 

e:j;:^owd adambara, ^. Pride. 2. 

pomp, show. 
fcSCadJSijd ademode, see e^zf. 

tfCaSjJS^Cs^ adalodu, s. The Mala- 
bar-nut-tree, Justicia adha- 
j dot a. 

e^d^l, wd^ adalite, adalte, ^. 
Administration, management. 
2. governing. — ©jsts- to man- 
age. — ^j5L?:i>oSj an admini- 
strator, manager. 

S:;jr34^ adavuni, c. •^'. (^'■£5'^»), 
To agitate. 2. to shake. 

a^T^ adige, s. A belch ; 3t^/. c?S7^. 

' w&ri adig-e, «^"'. In vain, for 
nothing; see eszS^y^;. 

yc^J^ aduni (^yS), z'. n. To move, 
wave, swing, vibrate. 2. to 
shake, totter, v. a. To move, 
rock. 2. to shake. Different 
playful and regular move- 
j ments are expressed by add- 
ing it to verbs; as., ^?33:liS> 
to be swinging, e5e^:l)^i to be 
moving to and fro, etc. 

tjii ade, s. A coward, 

tjcln* ade^u, see ®zl, ©zSa. 

^^A adage, see ^^-k. 

SidsS adele, s. An unsteady man. 
2. a vagabond. 

yd^4;i adevuni (^^e), v.n. To 
be moving, undulating, vibrat- 
ing. e?t§e4?^4 constant mo- 
tion, oscillation or vibration. 

^W anu, adj. Male. — 833e3 a 
male child, a boy. — ^'rf a male 

SjDs* anijL 


ya adi 

tree. s. A boy, youngster. 
£?r© rsj-S the brideffroom's 

tyfo^ri^ anugadi, ^. The lower 
half of a cocoanut-shell. 

Wr?.*^J3^^ auujovu, i". A male, 
man ; also 59r>9 4- 

tJf5*s2-i anupeja, s. A male varie- 
ty of the wild jack-tree. 

tJrc) aaa, s. The entrance to a 
harbour. — a« eroo;^o», efsl'SAO 
^e^rj to stand cr wade in 
shoal-water for fishing. 

ar^ aui, i". A peg, nail. 2. a 
wedge. 3. a screw, 

S:?r^^2:^ anikallu, s. The key- 

stone of an arch. 
s^fl ane, s. An anna. 
tJcl ane, s. An oath. 
SiclxS^s^' anekallu, s, A hail-stone, 

CO ■ 

^^ atix, indef. num. adj. So 
much. — aifi so many people. 
-^^^F SO much time, so long, 
2. as much as: f^B^^ul ^.^e;?- 
give all you have, zsi^emph. 
so much only : — oora^ ^^^ 
I say only so much, eyi^is, 
e^i^j^? is it only so much? 
Cfs? ^ ??jsL)r?j4o?, 6'/' ^ ^j3L)r 
fi^ efs-'s? is it only so much 
that you give? ^^^ for so 

£5S*'^or(, es^^oo?^ atunenge, ata- 
nenge, see z^s^o-R. 

"Jo ati, see s?L;S). 

tJ3qio atithya, s. Hospitality. 
— do^o^S) to entertain a guest. 

?:5^jd atura, s. Eagerness, haste, 
tJiu* atek^, see £?!. 

tJi^or^ ateneng-e, ^is^t-. Till, as 
long as. 

5:?s, , ^t atma, atme, j". Breath, 
life. 2. the soul, spirit. ^Qh^o 
c^^^ the Holy Ghost, C/ir. 
33^53^^ a sinner, ss^^sso^ a 
virtuous or fortunate man. 
e?:^2pD^ spiritual-mindedness, 
Chr. 3, self, chiefly in comp: 
ei-^^^^^^ suicide. o-^^^i^S self- 

Sic* ad^, see e?bs), 

«dC) adara, see s^rfd. 

wddcl adarane, i". Respect, re- 
gard for, 2, protection, sup- 
port. 3, comfort, consola- 

SirfO^?j adaripuni (e?ni&), v. a. 
To honor. 2, to support, 
assist, 3, to console, comfort, 
a'3i&E;5^3o5o a supporter, one 
who comforts, 

e:5i:3^oJj adaya,.y. Gain, profit, in- 
come, behoof, — ^^ profit 
and loss. — ■^a^ receipts and 
disbursements; management. 
— -SEi ^^sLfrsoSo a book-keeper. 


?:5£j^d adara, 5-,?^ £?q53-d. 

wa adi, i'. Beginning, origin. 
adj. First, primary; pre-emi- 
nent; e.g. ^dsdtSps the origi- 
nal cause, 'f^.ivhen the latter 
part of a compound it means: 
and others, et cetera, as ^ 
a3S;^j beasts etc. 

wa adi 



tib^ adika, see e?c3;)odo. 

tjS^o aditya, i'. The sun. -sd^ 

tfdD^S ^ aduppuni (efS-y\)4^^), 

z'. n. To have become, to be 

that. ©ct3x:i);g^^A as <?/* when 

it is so. 
tJcS, adre, s. The sixth lunar 

mansion; b:t. ^^^. 
^q:s^^ adharipuni, sec eJ-ie^^. 

tjqjDd adhara, s. Support, prop. 
2. a basis, foundation, —^fj a 
title-deed. 2. a security-bond. 
— ^„ a rich man. 

Sr^?^ adhina, s. Authority, con- 
trol. 2. dependence; ^. s£^??^ 

ti^oVj ananda, s. Joy, happiness, 

^i^ri anaga, see z?l^. 

tJN^r anarta, see esjiqir. 

tJ^ ani, adv. Then, at that time. 

— S, —^^^ozi from that time, 

since then. — -sSoow till then. 

2. afjixed to verbs it signifies: 

at the time, as ^-^t^c^ at the 

time of going. 
'^^=^JSdoSj* anikorant^, s. A 

large kernel. 
^^^>^ anipuni ('^r"), ^'. ^. To 

make lean. 2. to lull. 

y^ ane, i". An elephant. —^5 a 
thick forest inhabited by ele- 
phants. —-^r?)6 an elephant- 
shed. — -rfjs^^ an elephant 
keeper. —■^o'S6 a chain for 
fastening an elephant. — oo 
5>^ the trunk of an elephant. 

^^of\ anenge, see ^h^. 

y^=g^3* anekall^, S''e e???3'^. 

?jn5DG* anekar^, s. The Cochin- 
leg, elephantiasis. 

eiJN^do, "?!=c6 anekedu, anekere, 
j". A large tank. 

WfSrizS, w?2r!orii anegajji, ane- 

guddu, s. A troublesome kind 

of scab, mange. 
e^oC^J5^^?id aneaolisara, s. A 

kind of aloes. 
?3^iuov^' anetajanki^, s. Cassia 

occidental-is . 
t^NdJSZo aneduji, s. A large 

b^N^As:* anenegilu, s. Pedalium 

murex, a larger variety of 

tJjSsji)^^ anepaduni (s^'fSsi^S), 

v.a. To lull (a baby). 

tJf^eoS-o-s;* anebakil^, s. The en- 
trance gate of a palace. 2. 
a city-gate. 3. any large 

t?^dooii^* anemanjali^, s. Cur- 
cuma zedoaria. 

WrS^js)^* aneminu, s. A whale; 
also Bs^oo^r-.€. 

WfS^Jojortj anemungu, s. Calo- 

santhes indica. 

^'^'u- anhika, s. Daily ceremo- 

t?sj apa, s. A kind of rice-cake. 

tssJrt apaga, adv. Then, at that 
time. — ^? that very moment, 
instantly. epnTsstX now and 
then, occasionally ; gradually- 

tjsj apa 


tJoj api 

«3J3^ apatt^; s. Mishap. 2. 
trouble, calamity, distress. 
3. danger, evil. — ^£) a time 
of trouble. 

tJjjp^ apinavu, see epLsj. 

tJ^j^ apini (^), "'. Ji. The copu- 
la : to be that, to become that. 
djs^fi e?4ccl) it becomes white. have origin, grow, a^^'^ 15 
^o3^>^ e?55c-rfo mangoes grow on 
the tree. 3. to happen, occur : 
^ 7iz7(B L<^o o-cS where did 
this happen? 4. to fit, suit: 
^ esoTN o3oo^ e?;g,orfj this coat 
fits me. 5. to be possible: 
d-£>FT3 ey^oil) it can be lifted. 
6. to be related to: e^oSo o3jc^ 
^^o £P4©^-J he is my younger 
brother. // t's used as an 
auxiliary verb, e. g, '^^ S 
CcS it is done, and serves 
also to form compound verbs : 
erooiro?:?) to come into exis- 
tence, ©o5 CfLs) to be true, to 
be proved, ttc. 

©■cS, p. t. ^rd p. sing, fieur. 
It is done, finished. 

^^if. t. 2/dp. sing. neut. It 
may be or may happen : soos? 
cSoz|^ Q-si the crop is likely to 
turn out good. 2. when used 
absolutely as a reply, it is 
equivalent to "yes"; ts^^fsQ 
^^% will you go ? e:?4 yes. 

The negative forms of these 
tenses are : pres. t. ly^eS, p. t: 
ei>03o2S, perf. t. ©"BaS, fut. t. 
'Si'^cSitmay, can, shall or will 

not be — denoting moral aitd 
physical impossibility. 25'^ccS 
added to inf. marks emp/i. 
prohibition, as t^DoSoT? efdoS 
thou shalt not kill, inter. ^ 
^ccro can or may it not be? 

^^^ imp. ^rd. p. Let it 
be, {neg. 2nd p. e^rfi^ be 
not); ci-s^S zvhen repeated after 
nouns etc. means either — or, 
as (^od £?dS '^oSo ©"^S either 
this or that man. 

cJ^o, cond. It should or would 
be. It is much used as a 
polite form of request, ^e 
§oc5 e?^ please go away, e? 
oSj eoi^oTS e?;^o I should like 
him to come. 

o-L, adj. part. pres. t., £?O50, 
p. t. e?S, perf. f. ^h rfoXS a 
practicable thing; Ci'osj or 
^h €<s)7i a finished work. -^:> 
S^o e?O30 married, ss&^aso 
2;Sjj,so a divided land, eyoso, 
e?^ a;/2^;z affixed to nouns 
and certain verbal forms, 
they convert them into adjec- 
tives, as piidsii efoso e3?e3 an 
easy work; djafzssoaj ?js^je)?i 
the requisite things. The per- 
sonal nouns formed of the 
above, are: c??:nsc3o, ^fSfrooSo 
which are similarly joined 
to s., adj. etc. 

ei-^ca, neg. adj. part. That 
which should not be, un- 
becoming. 2. impracticable. 
3. improper, wicked. 

tJ^ api 


etojj ay a 

e?S, ^er. {or adv. part. Hav- 
ing become, beiug. 2. zvhen 
affixed to s. or adj. it con- 
verts them into adv.^ as ^sj^^S 
wrongly, s>^cc5:re5 certainly. 
3. affixed to datives and infi- 
nitives it means for, in behalf 
of, on account of, as S)3^5 on 
that account, ^o^o^^sijS in 
order to make. 4. affixed to 
pron. it means of one's own 
accord, as 0*^:35 ^js&d3j5 he 
gave of his own accord (with- 
out being requested). iJ-dod 
neg. having not become, be- 
ing not. 

ey^^A When it happens, hap- 
pened or will happen. — ^e 
just when it happens etc. 

-"Efc^ Till it happens. 

i?crf. cond.^ e?czie;s, empJi. If 
it becomes, if it be, although 
it be, «f)c£3>)G-rf if it be so. 
2. as a conj. but, yet, though ; 
at least, even. 

£?^e3, pot. It can or may be. 

©■^cli It must be or become. 
2. to be related to. e?5N^^os^ 
ef 4©rfohow is he related to you? 
oSocxF ^^e3 ey^T^o he is my 
uncle. ef4t)a§^ what ought 
to happen, what is necessary. 

0"Lj^4, «'O30^4, ^B?i^, verbal 
nouns. That which happens, 
etc. 2. that which is fit, 
possible, practicable, 
tJ^or^^? apungene, see ^tjX. 
^"^S^ apule, see <t?4'^e3e. 

ys5 ape, adv. Yonder, opposite. 
'zyfj:i<^6 yonder house, ^f^c^ 
oSj one from the other side. e?55 
a^a yonder isr the other side. 

t:s2^^ apekshe, i'^^ ®^?^- 

b 2^ ii!^ apole, «<^r'. Just then ; c/. 
z^-^X. -^^x-^^^^ just when 

^^ apta, <2(//. Dear, attached. 
2. trustworthy, confidential. 

t:^ apte, s. An intimate friend. 
cy^^M^S friends and acquaint- 

W^j^-TjOO aphimu, see ss^?^o. 

^z^DUjd abadu, ^^//'. Populous, 
inhabited. 2. cultivated. 3. 
thriving. — ^os?o^S) to popu- 
late; to cultivate; to improve, 

e:J&3s)0 abala, adf Young, 

£5200 c!j aburu, see wz:-c>-^o. 

eiJZ^Qra abharana, s. Ornament, 

55SJJC3^, wdodo amadu, amadu, s. 
Import, (opp. export), 2, in- 

tJ^Ordor^ amarsuni, see e9sl)?iors). 

ydosid amavade, see e9os3,?)<5. 
tJSjj amla, s. Acidity. 2. tama- 

CO 1 r> 

rind. 3. vinegar. «^'. Sour, 
acid; vlg. eyosDo^j. 
S:50do aya, s. A nurse. 

tjoij aya, s. Gain ; i'^*:: ©cdo. 

£icdj aya, ^. A foundation, base, 
—^DoOc'i to lay a foundation, 

tJOij aya, .?. Measure, proportion. 
_5yj^» to regulate or fix the 
limits, — ^^"oi to measure. 

;odj iya 


»jd ara 

tJoio^b',, °Joaj^e3* Ayakattiji,ayi- 
katti^i, i\ Fixing the limits of 
a field etc. 2. regulation, 
arrangement. adj. Choice, 
excellent. —^ '^^'^ a well 
executed work. —^ s^Fi select 
people. —^ zjzSzj a choice ex- 
pression, excellent speech. 

tJo:;j4,^y3'tt^5 ^- Docility, tract- 

tJCrfj:^ ayatta, 5', Preparation, 
readiness; also ^oso^. 

aojj?^ ayana,^. A festival in con- 
nexion with a temple. 

tsoiS'S) ay a, st^r ^^■ 

tJ03a-i)^^ ayavuni ( a'o:iJi>), r-. a. 
To dig a foundation. | 

tJ0o3^d;?> ayavuni (^odj^), v. a. \ 
To winnow. 

5:jo3a^?o ayasa, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness. 2. indisposition. 3. 
trouble, vexation. 

wo3o ayi, see ^h?^. 

aoaos! ayita, see e?ocio^. 

woSoci ayida, see a-orfoo:^. 

tfOSiJ^s^ ayinavu, see o'-a. 

ao3o^ ayisa, ^^^ e?oc!jo^o. 

tJOJjo ayu, ^^i? e?cdoo^n. 

yodojLjj ayudha, ^. A weapon, in- 

tsojoj?) ayuni (i?a:i-*j. v. a. To 
select, choose. 2. to gather, 
pick up; cf. e53i^S). 

yoJoo^ ayuni ('^cdo°j, r'. a. To 
ford, cross, go over. v. n. To 
blow ; v's'? iPKJojcr^j the wind 
blows; cf. s53cdjoa. 

S:JCCloJC37)rojj ayurdaya, s. Term 
cr period of life. 

?:fojjjtore; ayurbala, ^. Strength 
according to age. 2. a good 

tsoJojSp ayushya, ^. Age, dura- 
tion of life, term of life. 

tJo2j aye, proii. He. efcdjuoij 
every one, each (man). 2. 
z/ ?"^ joined to participles 
etc. to form personal nouns., 
as ^o«0x^?^o3o one who does, 
^o^?:3c5j one who did, ^o^o 
aj33c5j one who did not do ; 
cf. Ci-S. 

S:Jo3j6 ayere, ('/c/r'. On that side, 
beyond [opp. ^oSou on this 
side). ^^^^ iJ-iSo^ on that side 
of the river. eycSo^A ^r^^S) to 
cross a river. 

5:jajjp ayya, see i?odo. 

SiJoSjoO* ayyeru, -y^'^ '^■^'b. 

WD* aru, ^6V«. /i/ry/z. ( 
T^rd p. of a"o3o ^;' o>f), They, 
?'. ^. that person, ey^w? cinph. 
himself, none but he. 2. ^^/ «^ 
joined to participles to form 
pcrsoJtal nouns., as ^??i?:3o 
one who goes, ^eoajFJso one 
who went, s^'^e^oQEroS one who 
did not go. 

e^ij ara, A termination occur- 
ring in some nouns and 
meaning- \\omQ, place or loca- 
lity, as eo^izosti lodging; ?s«5 

IjJST:^. ©aorfjBTI^. x;s3^Jii^, S2j3ay?,-d 


6'/(:. names of villages. 

?Do aram 


SfOJi^ aro 

t^doE^j arambha, s. Coinmence- 
meut, beginning. — ^j^o^^ to 
make a beginning, to begin. 

S:?do"4)^^ arambhipuni (^^'^), 
7>.a. To begin. 

tJd?^ arage, see xt^^/^; ^/". sDtioso. 

srdij, t;0:a arata, arada, ^. The 
concluding part of a temple 
feast, including bathing the- 

wdran aranya, see e5-rfo®o, 


WOa arati, 5-. Wave-offering, con- 
sisting in waving lamps e/c. 
2. the lamp for wave-offering. 
—"^jihrtj. —-J^^:) r" to offer, wave 
frankincense etc. iyjas^Sr a 
censer. c2o?53Sr a lamp with 
one wick. a'dSeB a metal 
plate for wave-offering. 

t5o3 arati, see eySr. 

t?C:p,Dd arabhara, s. Responsibi- 
lity, care. 

tjdzc- arabhya, s. Beginning, com- 
mencement. ^ji^^ws-^^^ from 
the beginning of the world. 

^^0<S^0 ^O*?* ^a ^TiS^n siuCC VOU 
— c -O " 

began doing; cf. ©"tosp. 

e:50^e)Cl aravara,^. An usufructu- 
ary mortgage. —t,sj a deed of 
such mortgage. 

S:;D^ij arata, s. Tottering, shak- 
ing; c/. ^^y. 

tSD-sers^eL^ aradi^popini, r. /?. 
To walk arm in arm or hand 
in hand. 

tJC^VN aridhane, s. Worship, 
adoration, prayer. — tJo^^o^sj 
see <^c3j;>55^. 

tJDDi^^^ aradhipuni (^^0), v. a. 

To worship, adore. 
yD^S^?i aravuni, see ®034^. 

t?Sri arige, ^. A belch. — so^S^^'i 

to belch; cf. ^^-R. 
«Dd aride, see ei-fj- 
yOOJo ariya, «'«/. Stop! hold! 
tJ&oSj ariye, ^^^' ^^^i^- 

tJdoc^ arune, s. Contentment, 

'jds:^ aruni (^^). t'. «. To grow 
cool, cold or dry. 2, to be cool, 
dry. 3. to distend, grow stout: 
eoo^ e?:io^ the belly to distend 

•iiu^^zl^ arudba, ndj. Ascended, 
mounted, s. Ascending, climb- 


^t are, see e?o5o^. 

tjico^ arede, see ^o. 

s^6c--o- , a6-,#arekti,areike,.y.Pro- 
tection, care of, nursing, nou- 
rishing. — ^i5?o^» to protect, 
nurse, nourish. 

tJu^^o^ areisuni {yS^)^ v. a. To 
expect, wait for, look for. 2. 
to desire, wish ; het. oss^yi^^. 

bdJ£s?^D:n?)^* aroli;mm\^, s. A 
kind of fish. 

^tsi'4::>^^t arolumara, ^. Akind 
of tree. 

ei^.'S^rlcl arogane, s. A meal, re- 
past. — ^o^'*o^°-i to take a meal. 

^ts;..ifr. arogya, s. Health, 
strength. 2. comfort, happi- 

r6JS^ aro 


iy€) ali 

t;3j?^3:!, wdJS^srlclaropa, aropane, 
s. Imputation, accusation. 
2. a false charge, 

W^JS^^^jO^ aropisuni (e?T5j3?S;c3), 
V. a. To impute, accuse 
unjustly, charge with. 

S:56j3?;^r9 arohana, s. Ascending, 
climbing, mounting. QTOT5;5e^ 
r© 3j20r- Ascension dav, Ch7'. 

y6J3^^ aroli, s. The last leaf of 
a cocoa-palm-branch. 

tJ=CTr arka, s. A bow. 2. an arch. 

e:5=CTj5^^ arkuni (^^!^), 7-. 7z. To 
cry out, shout. 

WZo":^ arjita, adj. Acquired, ac- 
cumulated, inherited, as bssj 
^F-^ patrimonial. ?TO^2Sr^ self- 
acquired. — 2c5^ inherited 
wealth or property, 

tJ3r arti, s. Pain, distress, o;^'. 
Afflicted, distressed, sorrow- 

y Jr arte, s. One who is afflicted. 

w:3*r^^^'j^ ardupopini, .y^^ e? 

tsd^r ardre, s. The sixth lunar 
mansion, a arionis., when it 
rains heavily. 

ysoreJ, £:;2;jreJ, sis^r^ arbata, 
arbhata, arbhate, s. Fearful 
noise, uproar. 2. a joyful cry, 
triumph. — rfo<s^o^S) to roar, 
shout, triumph. 

t?0Jjr arya, adj. Noble, respecta- 
ble, belonging to the Aryans. 
£?cdjsr^gr the country bet- 
ween the Himalaya and 
Vindhva mountains. 

tJCdoFoSjtfj aryayeru, s. A cas- 
trated buffalo. 

woSoF arye, s. An Aryan. 2. a 
man of the Arya caste. 

wdrcS arvade, see ©^rd 

tjjj'srd arvara, see ei-T^s^-d. 

y?^^F^?:j arsavuni (i2i';03r), v. a. 
To despise, defy, set at naught. 
2. to disparage. £??feF5 sj^^g-do^ 
to talk disparagingly or defi- 

^z) ala, s. The silk-cotton tree, 
Saliualia Malabar ica ; rt:/.y(? 
— :d^-d. _:;:; rlBr silk cotton. 

tjsjori^ alangane, ^. The act of 

tfoozo alamba,^. Seizing, 2. kill- 
ing. 3. a violent death. 

tJ^cl alade, s. A kind of de- 
mon's shrine. 

wsjd 20 23^ alada balli^, see s5©d5. 


ty^crfo alaya, ^. An abode, house. 
2. any superior edifice, ^ijo&roiy 
odo the body. ^e^sacdo a 
temple; a church, C/zr. 

^t>7^ alas^, .y^^ ss^y^S. 

tj^;?j. alasya, s. Weariness. 2. 
idleness, laziness, sloth. 

y£3-33' alatu, ^t-i? spe^sS. 

?:5 2;?3i?? alipane, ^. Humming 

a tune. 
wsjDoj^o^ alapisuni (eyasLfG)^ 

v.n. To hum a tune, to sing. 

yy-s;^/ alas^, ^^'^ ©ejs5. 

tJ€) ali, i'. Breath, life, strength. 
—eoeio a to pant, be fatigued, 
tired. — 20&^ 5 ^«?c-rfo the breath 


r© ali 




tf £*-?-■* 

is gone, or exhausted. ^Fz:<— 

visual strength. 

f€s:;ccj*r alikall^, all- 

parndu, s. Hailstone. 
W55 ale, s. A press, mill, as ^o 

80orci_ a sugarcane mill. —3:^ 

't^o^> a mill to work. 
^^^'^ aieisuni (^°-i,~),^'. ^^. To 

listen to, to hear attentively. 
5:^25-^^=5' aloka, s. Seeing, a view. 

2. light. 3. panegyric. £?e3j3? 

s^o an ohject of sight. 

S^SjJS^ZicN alocane, s. Reflection, 
investigation, thought. — -do^^ 
S) to consider, reflect on. — sj 
f^^i to advise, to give one's 

w^^oS), siJ^o^o, ettS* avandi, 
avande, avad^, see ^^h?^. 

y^jd avade, s. A kind of bean, 

«^^ avade, see zyh^, 

i^z^:^ avara, postp. On account 

of. SDw3^-rf on that account. 


eA)c£t??^::i on this account, 


t?dsrfS avartane, ^. Revolution. 
2. repetition, —^'^o^?^ to re- 

?:*sJ23^ avalu, see es^^. 

tf^^;* aval^, ^. Yawning. —^ 
l-t-' to yawn, gape. 

ysjgip avasya, i'*?!? «5rf^o. 

5rd; avu, .y^'^ C5'^s>. 

e^;^ avusa, see £?oix)^g. 

tJsS ave, s. A potter's kiln, an 
oven. — -o^rj, — ai;^?> to open 
a kiln. — ^^^ clay. 

tJ^a avedi, s. A burnt offering ; 
^. £?5ooS. -^jsbra to offer 
a sacrifice. 

tJS^^si avesa, s. Possession by 
spirits, demoniacal posses- 
sion. — t?La to be possessed 
with a devil, be in a frenzy. 

tf4'5^^ avodu, see ^h^. 

tfSCa, alada, ^^6' ^'^~$. 

^"mr^^^ asakrijita, adj. Avari- 
cious, covetous, greedy. 

s:;3DS^::?)S asamari, s. A covetous 

tJari asige, see z^^-R, u>sa:-R. 

^bzj)^ asipuni (^§'), 7-. a. To 

wisli, desire. 
^ht^'^Zc^., tf^^sjTrd asirvacana, 

asirvada, s. Benediction, bles- 


see ey^e^«^ 

eJ.I?dra^^ asirvadipuni (O'^e^r 
a), T', a. To bless, confer a 

fcj^ ase, .y. Desire, longing, wish. 
2, expectation, prospect, hope. 
_cDa::o a covetous man. — ^^ 
"^ to have a wish. —"Szi^^ to be 
disappointed, tohave lost hope, 
to despair of. — 5e31^. _20oa^s> 
to give up hope, to abandon a 
wish. — ^^,4ri to hold out 
hope. —Tio'-i^r^ to wish, covet, 

W^o3or ascarya, s. Wonder, sur- 
prise. — !i'^N to wonder, be 
surprised, —-^^Szjs^^ to asto- 
nish, surprise, —rij^o^^ to 
make wonders, perform a mi- 

ys^ asra 


w^o'aj aspa 

racle. — rfsra^d, —rioA^ a won- 
derful or remarkable thing or 

ys! ^j airama, ^. A hermitage. 2. 
one of the four stages of 
Brahminical life, e.g. soj^e^^ 
5 a bachelor, student; ^^^ 
a householder; ss^3jj:5 an 
anchorite; xi^rao^ an ascetic. 

tJ^i.oij alraya, s. Support, re- 
fuge. 2. protection, reliance. 
3. dependence. —"^^hr^ to 
give protection, patronise. 
—nbcIj^ to seek shelter. — ■rfj 
^J^^^i to depend upon. 

tfSj^oSJ^^i asrayipuni (e?g)asj), 
r. a. To seek shelter. 

w|) I asrite, s. A dependant, 

?i^psl aslesha, ^. The ninth 


lunar mansion; ^/^i9 e? ?3 ??j. 

^4^^ ^svlja,^. The seventh lunar 
month (September-October). 

t?^^. ^^"32^ ashada, ashadha, 
s. The fourth lunar month 

^Tf asij, ^. A weaver's warp 
before starching. 2. a web, 
texture; cf. sdcossoj. —^o'i^., 
_T5oTi the rake of a weaver's 

tfJ^^SJD^* asupasiji, s. Proximity, 
vicinity, environs, neighbour- 
hood, adv. Round about. 

tJ?o^ asakta, adj. Attached, de- 
voted. 2. zealous, active. 

tJ?o;Sv, asakti, s. Diligence, de- 
•votion, attachment. 

w?;j^ asana, s. A stool, seat. ^^ 
^rerrijj the judgment seat, ^o 
5o3?rf?i a throne. 2. the anus. 
— ^o5, —Aorf^jud an anal fis- 

S:J?^D^ asaru, s. Thirst. 2. that 
which slakes thirst. —^si>hy?^ 
to give to drink. 

w^id asara, i'. Refuge, support. 
2. protection, patronage; cf. 

y?jSjor asarme, s. Management 
of a family, care of a house- 

Wnj"3S^ asida, see ^t>.x^. 

t5rjs)0o asdmi, s. A person, an 
individual. 2. a customer. 3. 
a debtor. 

^"riiA asige, s. A mattress, bed; 
also m^^T<. 

t??^j asu, see efoJ. 

5:??g ase, see "-St. 

«A)^,u askara, s- Protection, 
shelter, countenance. 

tJrj asti, ^. Property, wealth, 
estate. — cro:±i. —-^So.! a man 
of property. 

e^?o aste, -«i^'^'. Gently, slowly. 

tJrj3?o asthana, ^. An assembly. 
2.' a hall of audience. 

^T<> h aspatri, .9. An hospital. 

tj;^ d aspada, s. Place to stand 
on, basis, support. 2. pro- 
tection, refuge, shelter. 3. 
means; o3og^ nse;^ e?;d.rf fS(^ 
I have no means of livelihood. 

WJTO 1^ aspasu, see eyoJs^^oJ. 

tJ^ asra, 


-3^0 A ingi 

y?i,fl dsraune, s. A kiutl of 

SijJj,^ asvada, i'. Ability, power; 

faculty. 2. estate, property; 

wealth, riches; see *^^-^- 
tjsdc^^d ahankara, .y^^' essoc^sr;. 
©oos) aha, /;2//'. of joy or sorrow. 

eiJoosd ahara, s. Food, provision, 

tJooDooD ahaha, I'nfJ. Alas, ha! 

^3doi ahuta, (fi^j. Offered as an 

oblation in iire. 
S:?od:)s2 ahuti, s. A sacrifice. 

«^ alu, s. A person. 2. a la- 
bourer, hired person. 3. a 
messeneer. 2.^©^ f a strong 
man; a chieftain. 

tJS?' al^j, ^^^.y. pron. fern. sing. 

ts^* al^, see sosf 

S:;^ ala, ^. Depth, adj. Deep, pro- 
ts^^ ala, «^". Ruined, waste; 

bet. 53D^?3. 
S:j^ all, Jrt'£ efeS. 

?i°^=^ alike, i'. Reign, government. 

^^t alita, ^^^ ^i)^;^. 

^"i^i"^ aluni (e^^o), ^'.a. To rule, 
govern, reign. e?^o?:333o a gov- 
ernor. t?vo?rof a governess. 

tJ^j^=^, ?r^=a aluvike, alvike, i". 

if^j^ aluve, ^. A family-name of 

some Bants. 
Siv'^.T^ almage, s. k servant. 
Si#^sj akshepa, -s". Objection. 

2. blame, censure. 

'3 i. The third letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is very 
often written osj. Words not 
found under this letter should 
be sought for under oso. 

'So^ inka, adj. Base, inferior, 

'Sio^ inki, see ^^oTn. 

'3,ori;:« ingada, s. Separation, dis- 
tinction, adj. Distinct, se- 
parate ; also f^oA^o Xrf, ,3oArf. 


—•di«;<o^r^, (^oXa^^ to divide, 
separate, —s^s^^ to be divided, 
separated, as brothers etc. 
^^of\'t)v€ ing-alika, see <^or,e5?g'. 

'aoA'S^^i ing-avuni, c.v. (of '^ap 
AO^) To cause to dry. 

'Si oh ingi, adj. Crooked. 2. false, 
spurious, as a coin. 

'^oT\€)^'^ ing'ilika, s. Vermilion. 

'S.oA^ ingita, s. A hint, shrug, 
gesture. 2, a secret, secret 
thought. 3. intent, purpose. 

'S.orio inffu 


"aotS imbe 

'Soriodo^ inguduni ("^oaoS), 7'. ;?, 
To stoop. 

'SortoJ^ ing^uni ('^^K), t'. a/. To 
absorb, as water, to dry. 2. to 
sink in, as eyes from disease ; 
also f^cKS j§peLsi. 

^oT^^zS ingreji, -?. English. 2. a 
church. ~zyi^ the English 
writing or language. 

':ao?;^ inca, adv. Thus, so, in this 
manner ; — «5l ©oei not this 
but that way. — aso3o such 
and such a man. f^o^i^, emph. 
just so. <^selS^ such, of this 
kind or sort. 

fSozS inci, adv. Here, in this 
place. — a;)D3o a man of this 
place, or of this age. 

'SoeS-Orlj incogu, «^(''. Lately, 

'■5,o23"305j injayi, «^^'. Small, little. 

'3,0^3^* injinu, s. An engine, 

'aoZo^o''' iDJil\i, -S". The New Testa- 
ment, as styled by Mussul- 

'Son* indu, see eroorfo. 

'3,oC3^, 'aod indu, inda, see ^o5. 

'aoc3«) indi, intj. used to call 
attentio7i. Behold, look, take 
notice, observe. 2. there, 
take this. <^o:3 please see, 
come, or take. 

'3,0^ indi, s. Oil-cake; bet. ^oS. 

'aoCl)indu,^^-w.;^/'c;z.This. ^ocSe 

emph. this alone; see croodj. 

^■siod,t3e)^ indrajala, ^. Decep- 

tion, conjuring. 2. enchant- 
ment. 3- artifice, stratagem; 

Cf. S3orf)3iS£J. 

'SodjZSso indrajitu, s. A son of 

'ao^gj^ indraprasta, .?. Delhi. 

'c),o^20'3'J indrabale, i". A kind of 

'oioa^ajj indriya, s. An organ of 
sense. 2. male power, semen 
virile. 3. sensual desires <;r 
appetites. sioeSeoajcxio the five 

-Sod, indre, s. The chief of the 
secondary divinities, supposed 
to preside over the elements, 
to be the giver of rain, and 
the guardian of the east {in 
Sanskrit Indra). 

'Sod, 'Siodo indre, indrye, s. 
A Jain priest. 

'3,0 ?3 inne, see f^f3. 

fSo^ impu, s. Agreeablcness, 
delightfulness, pleasantness. 

'3oZJV^, '3023-3^* imbalu, imbalu, 
see <^oti 

'3o20^ imbale, i^. A stout silver 
or gold bracelet. 

'Sozoj ijnbu, .?. Place, room, space. 
2. refuge, shelter. 3. opportu- 
nity, adj. Broad, wide. 

'3o^3 imbe, dem. pron. m. This 
man. f^o2of", f^oe^sf ^ f^o£3j5s;*o 
this woman ; pliir. f^odS this 
person, used honor ijically., 
as a polite form of the sing, 
m. or f.\ cf. ^oe5, "cSjss^o. 

loZ^Js) imbo 


"B^'iSD ija 

'SoeSjs^^ imbolu, see ^oiS. 

'SoCljCd immada, The heel. 

'oic^lja, '■3,o^Q>A immadi, Imma- 
dige, adj. Double, two-fold; 
also f^eorS. 

-s^osj.oiu, '■ao;jJ5CJ>i immuklia, 
immone, adj. Double faced. 

-^=CTd ikara, ad^i. Hither, this 

•^.^(S ikkudi, ^. Fiction, inven- 

'3^ e3* ikkattu, /i^"^. two bands, s. 
Narrowness, difficulty, strait- 
ness, poverty. ~^h^ to be 
confined, pent up. 2. to be 
in troubles. ^^jO 5 S^jy^pso^, 
— 20.®TJ0r*i to encounter diffi- 
culties, to be in straits, adj. 
Narrow, strait. 

's.'v.Q, ikkadi, see 3oS,a. 

■n- • ' "^ 

-3=^,^1 ikkade. ^. Both sides. 


'Sv^o^^ ikkalpa, see ^^<^' 

'2)=CT,^ ikkale, i-t^ f^^o,^. 

':s=a«),4cJ ikkavuni, c'. «. To ex- 
tmguish, put out, as fire. ^^.^^ 
5 ^e^s> to be extinguished. 

'^=CTj^?jikkuni('^^^), r', a. To put, 
serve up, as food. 

'c>,=aJ^^, '■a.^j^^ ikkuli, ikkule, s. 
A pair of pincers or tongs. 

'3i^(^S ikkeri, s. The residence 
of the late Lingait kings of 
Bednore. ~?3xi7i ^, —TioTis ^ 
the kingdom of these rulers. 
— ^j3?oj a measure of two feet 

and seven inches long, —-^rjfi 
a gold pagoda worth thirteen 
gold fanams or four rupees. 

•^=^ > ikkei, s. Both hands. 2. 
an ambidexter. 

'^■S- ikdi, see So^.a. 

'^r(d igada, i". Difference, mis- 
understanding; also ~Aci. 
'3r(do^ igaruni, see <^7(jdo^. 
'srroa igadi, see cxjootsbo. 

'STijdj iguru, ^. A bud, germ 

or tender shoot, 
rs/iodo^ iguruni (<tsiao^, ^•. n. 

To bud, germinate ^r shoot 

'Si/io ^ iggnni ("^a ) ^'. 7?. To draw 

'■<5,2c (^ iccadi, «^. Double, two- 

'SS/J^f iccirna, s. Wonder. 

'S.zS , "<5,z§ icce, icche, ^. Wish, 
desire. ' 2. appetite. 3. relish, 
delight. ^"-5^^o?J3-d according 
to one's desire or wish, as one 
pleases. '^,?f »^^, ^,eS (7iJ» to 
wish, long for. 

^ti ija, i'. Trouble. 2. importu- 
nity. — ^jsLrc'i to trouble, im- 
portune; c/. 2o3i. 

'SSJSD* ij'aru, s. Trousers. 

'S^e3"5)0'''C5"5o3:!, '■5,t3iiD'''C3Dd ijari;i- 
daye, ijarudare, s. An abkari 
(liquor) contractor. 2. a man 
wearing trousers. 

^ZZD^A ij'arige, s. An abkari 

'S,c2 iji 


'ci.t ita 

'zzl^ ijide, -?. ;Vn impotent man. 

"zC^^ ijinii, ^■. Cinnamon. — =s 
^^ the cinnamon tree. — ^^ 
o^R cinnamon oil; rt/i'6' C3r.|5 ?i. 

'3.z3 ijji, <^i^. 7'. ^/^^ ^^i^. o/^orij, 
Negation of existence; not 
to exist, not to be- It is re- 
gularly conjugated only in 
the present and perfect tenses, 
through all persons. SjoaSe/s— 
not even one. croe;^— there 

is nothing 


I have no money. ^^^ arosS^o 
.aoczs9? r^92§ have you any chil- 
dren ? no. Interr. '^-^ " is 
there not? Einph. ^%-i ^e| 
not in the least, not at all. 
Used as a disjunctive con- 
junction: <^,22 c5 if not, or; 
either — or. f?-^ ca not exist- 
ing, absent. (^^^ cd without; 

r ^ 

cf. ^a. 

■/ CO 

'S^', ittu, J". Flour. 
eJ ■ 

'3,1;- itta, i'^^ ^^,- 

'3^,6, 13,13,6 ittare, ittire, s. A 
mortice, cavity cut into a 
piece of timber to receive tlie 
end of a beam or plank. 2. a 
stone placed under a beam. 

'Slj itti, s. The jaw; cf. ^ 

-sli.rt ittig-e, s. A brick. 
a ■ 

'slod ittide, .y. Narrowness. 

a ■ ■ ■ 

•Ssei.a ittiri, i'. A nightingale. 
'SeSoSo, 'S^^:jj itteyi, ittevu, s. 


A kind of medicinal plant. 
'Szs^-S-Ci^ idukidka, ^dj. Half 
ground, coarse, rough. 

'Sics^^^j idupulu, .y^^ <^Tlioajo©o. 
'3d Ida, .Ti?^ '^^• 

'Si^^s^l^a idakatteri, see ©^^£,&. 
'3^ idi, adj. Entire, whole. —^^ 
the whole day. 

'3^rfoj^ idimudi, i". A stout 
person, adj. Pinioned. — ^ 
w^^ to bind fast, pinion. 

'adjotojsjoidumbulu, s. {in wrest- 
ling) The act of seizing each 
other tightly with both hands. 

'3cl ide, s. Place, room, space. 
2. an abode. 3. interval, space 
between. 4. interval of time, 
occasion. 5. a split, chasm. 
— 20oz5o;3 incessantly. 

'3,^, '-Q.dr? ide, ideg-iji, adv. Here, 
hither, so far. — ^oou. hither- 
to, SO long; so far, thus far; 
also f^^. 

'3cl^'3z3 idekaji, s. A bracelet 
with an indented brass rim. 

'3d=#i idekei, s. x\id, help. 2. half 
grown corn (r^o§#03j). 

'3;:lsd idetara, adj. Middling, 
2. inferior. — ^ ^L a middle 
sized tree. 

'3cl^D^ idenali, s. The inner part 
of a temple. 2. the three cir- 
cuits of a temple. 

'3djjW^ idtapidta, s. Experience. 

'3Sl,ii idpini(^S), v.a. To place, 

put down. 
'3x1 ine, see <^f?. 

'c)^i,7ZDZt^ itabdrij, s. Confidence, 
trust. — s?^^, — ^j^o^f) to be- 
lieve, trust. 

^i> ita 


'Q.ti. ibbi 

'SseJsD itabari, s. A confident, 

trustworthy person. 
^iD« itarij, see ^^B. 

"B^xDTi itibasa, s. History, tra- 
ditional accounts of former 

'5,^03^ ittauda, s. Both parties 
or sides. 

"Sss^kf, ittattu, s. Both sides or 
places. 2. both banks of a 
river, efc. 

'S.^D^, 'S^s^rf, 'S^^- ittaru, itta- 
ra, ittaru, aJv. Enough; c/. 

'Sil^ itti, ^^^ e'>i^Si- 

'S, J) 6 ittille, s. A written report. 
—tSj^o^oi to report in writing. 

'S.Jg^F^r ittirna, s. Sickness. 

^i itte, adr. Now, at present. 
— ^? emph. just now, this mo- 
ment, immediately. —^5; of 
the present time. —zs:i now 
for once, for the present. 
—ajcsS, e2;s^ ajcsi (/^V.) now 
one and afterwards another, 
a proverbial expression for 
fickleness or duplicity, "to 
blow hot and cold". 

-si itte, see ero^^^- 

'^S'-qir ityartba, i'. Decision, de- 
termination, settlement. — ^ 
^Jn» to decide, determine, 

'SvS^^a ityadi, These and others, 
et cetera. 

•^.cSdjoiJ, idamutta, <idz\ Till 

-Sta iddi, see ^A. 
'S fj ina, ^^^ f^N. 
■^^1 inate, ^^^ ^?i^- 

'SF^d) inapu, s. Evil disposition. 

2. defeat, discomfiture. 
'SnSs:;:;* inamij, ^. A gift, present. 

_^jsl:rS) to give a present or 

'a. ^ ini, adv. To-day. — ^ up to ^r 

for this day. —5 from this day. 
'S.J^ ine, s. A couple, pair. 2. a 

companion, mate. — ^Isi to 

be a match. 2. to pair (o3j^.) 
'■^c^^'^D' inkaru, J-. Abnegation. 


— T$o?'o^^ to abnegate. 2. to re- 
^^ ^ inpini ("^^, ^'. «. To say, 

tell. 2. to speak; also^?^?i, 
'^sjt;^3 iparita- see ~r;o?a. 
-si^^ ipuni, ^£?^ £A:)55^a. 
'3.5^^5 ippadita, 5. /^V, Double 

stripes; a wale, the mark of 

a rod or whip on animal flesh, 
-ssj ^ ippaisha, s. Both parties 

or sides. 
rs^h € ippili, s. Long pepper, 

Piper longum\ also S^^- 
'S^ ^ ippuni ('^), 2'. :;/. To be, 

exist; also w;&v». 
'S^ © ippuli, see "^'n^d. 
'S:,5j ippe, s. The olive fruit. 

— ^jTi the olive tree. 
'^i:S)h ibiiti, .?. Sacred ashes 

with which a Sivite besmears 

his forehead. 
'Bt).tz>^ ibbirel^, s. Two fingers 

'D.z^x ibbu 


^"^r irkei 


united by a membrane (web- 

'Siioos^j, ibbudlu, s. A kind of 

'n:;jj ima, ^. Snow; ds/. cos^j- 

'B^io^ imini, ^^6' §o£)o?). 

'a^o ime, ^. An eye-lash; also 

^odjdo^, -^OjoS^^ iyarnnij iya- 
vuni (f^odoS. oqoojS), ^/. z'. To 
be sufficient ; prcs. or fut. yd 
pers. n. f^cdoLJo, f^crfo^, it will be 
enough or sufficient; also ^ 
odon^. 'i?o:o 20&:A)i3 f^cdo^ he is 
likely to corae; past. '^odracS, 
osiodjssacS it is enough; neg. 
osjodooS. ogo^osicS it is not 
enough or sufficient. 

'osOSod iyere, s. TJiis side (of a 

'SioSo^ iyye, <■?'. t-. Yes; c/\ ^oE. 

'S.oSj^'^dj iyyodu, adv. This year. 

-^D' if'^, '^ prefix signifyingTwo., 
double, both, r. »•. '^sora two- \ 
fold, "^aTOrosj double edged, | 
<^;3jro3j both sides ; iJt some \ 
cases the ^ assimilates to the 
consonant following., e.g. ^A 

* 'SlD^sSo* ir^jiverij, sec f^:sSr5. 

'SC*;ij'S)2;* irusal^, ^. A remittance 

to the treasury. 
'Sdozooirambala,^. Twenty seers. 

'ads'^^v^ irakas^, J-. Sulphate of 

'SD iri, s. xVbatement of intoxi- 

'saojjo^ iriyuni i^^)-, ■'<'• n. To 
fall, drop, as fruits, leaves 
etc. ^QS a§pe?^^ to miscarry. 
v. a. To rulj or squeeze bet- 
ween the hands, to knead ; see 

'aS?5a)23^ irisalu, sec f^.SsisS. 

'^ti^'i:^:^ irubu, sec £A)3Jor. 

'^:6:)t,o^T\ iruvantig-e, s. An 

Arabian jessamine. 
'S.djdo* irnveru, see f^^rS. 

-ad ire, s. A leaf (of a plant). 
aro-5:o— a plantain-leaf. £^2? ■^ 
a betel leaf. 4:^i3 tobacco. 


oiij^^.ire^cani, s. A kind of milk- 
hedge-plant. Euphorbia ni- 

^tiT\^ iregili, s. A kind of parrot. 

'S,6?-o^4'9^ irebavoli, .?. A bat. 
•^t'C^ irel^, see e5^<5. 2. shadow. 

also ^1^^. 
'sSjs^^o irolu, sec ^^^af. 

'Si^^r irki^, ^. The night, -siri^ 
day and night. 

'S^D^Ffo* irkannu, .?. Inability to 

pQ ■ ■ _ 

see by night, night-blindness. 
'■a^'srd;^ irkavuni, e. v. (^y fg^o- 
?i),To make less. 2. to extin- 
guish. 3- to stop, disturb, ^jb— 
to extinguish cr put out 

•a^CT^F^ irkuni (^^")' ^'- ^^- "^^ 
abate, lessen, be reduced. 2. 
to be disturbed. 3. to be 
quenched; also f^^t^S sgpe?.s>. 

'3,^)^ irkei. ^. Both hands. — ^ja 

0^3" irda 


"az^F irme 

yj35o ^jsLra to give a blow 
with both hands spread out. 
'SiCJr irda, set' a^jaeqi. 

'a?3Droo3j irnalayi, s. Dou])le 

"^^oDrS irnali, s. A double pulse. 

2. a carpenters boring tool. 

—T?^?A a swelling of the throat. 
■^NJ?;5^Cjjirnudu, «^/w. Two hun- 

^^'ed. [thread. 

'■^nJSFo-. irnulu, s. A double 

'Ssi^^S^ irpakki, s. A bat. 

'^^rrs=g' irpadake, ai/J. Ripe and 

'3?:;rJi irpadi, s. Double ration. 

'"ssJr^S, '^s:r^ irpale, irpale, i-. 

A kind of net. 2. a double leaf. 
—Ti r;^ a mat. 

"S^^cl irpude, 5. Both sides. 

"Si^rd irpude, i". A double load. 

'Ssiir irpe, 5". A kind of fish. 

''&'^'iFt^r irportu, s. A whole day 
(forenoon and afternoon), 
twice a day. — sS t2^6 a whole 
day's labour; c/. Zj^f^f. 

'S2jr^ irbadi, adj. Double, two- 
fold. ' I 

-^i.'Zj^ irbalappu, s. A double 

growth. 2. a twist. 3. tight- 

•■azorO^j^ irbalipuni r-^-^-eS), , 
7'. <7. To tie a cloth round 
the waist, to gird (the loins). 
2. to fasten a thatched roof 
with double ropes over it. 

-azorsS, -r^zor^ irbale, irba;e, .y. 
A double bracelet. 2. double 

transverse laths or slips of 
' bamboos, palms e^c. 
-ai-r^w^^irbalyuni (^.20'^),7'. «. 

To be benumbed. 
"aWDroSj irbiyi, i'. A double edge. 

-rirfj^S a double edged sword. 

—^ oD^^d a snake, serpent. 
"azjjr irbu, sec CA320or, 

'^>sojrCicdoj^ irbuliyuni ((^aior-^), 
7'.n. To curdle, be decom- 
posed, as milk elc. 

"as^JFocI irmande, s. Two vessels 
placed on the same hearth. 
2, a large forehead 3. a very 
large vessel. 

'S!,^j^>S=^ irmadike, adj. Double, 

two fold: see '^^j.o. f^Eort"^. 
'oisio'^irmane, s. Horripilation. 

2. rising up, as of corn shoots. 
"S-Tjors^r irmarli^, s. Fickle- 

mindedness, unsteadiness. 2. 


'St^-Fs3r irmarle, s. A fickle- 
minded man. 2. an idiot. 

'3,^Ji)r5j)r irmarpu, i'. Two 

"^iDJTP-^^ irminu, s. A kind of 

'oi^lxjrfl, '3door^irinune,irinune, 
ir. A double edge ^r point. 
— :d =?c^4 a double pointed 
style used for writing on 
palmyra leaves. 

'o^^^jt^N irmena, see ^^r^. 

'S),SjorooJ, '■asi;-^'^ irmeyi, irmei, s. 
Both sides. 2. a cloth of 
different c-olour or texture 
on each side. 

"Si^JS^F irmo 


-si^, ishta 

-S^^Ffl irmone, see f^o-rfooso. 

•s^sj^F, 'ss''F irl^, irl^, i'. Dusk, 

darkness, night. 
'SOF irla, s. Two seers. f^arS 

two seers of rice. 
^SjF irva, num. Twenty. — ?3 

"^^Fo^i irvande, sec f^^roz?. 
^sJF^ irvala, sec -^cr. 

^^t)FO irvdra, «^t'. A second 
time, twice. 

'S.^FD^ irver^, {^personal form 

of the numeral ^5 ). Two 

'SisS^fD irveri, s. A medicinal 

plant, Andropogon muri- 

'B.^Fo'd irvonde, s. Two kudtas 

or eight fluid ounces. 
'Ss'^jF^o irvolu, see <^:?js^o, 

"^^T^^i irvolu, adv. Two times, 

twice ; cf. f^s^^Ti. 
'S^?:c)^s:* irsal^, see ^Bid^6. 

'S.^Ts-S-, '3^1)=^ ilaki, ilake, s. [in 
official language^ A depart- 
ment, a branch-office, adj. 
Belonging or attached to a 

'aeJ^^^ ilaci, J". A female's cloth. 

'3.£5e)3 ilati, see se^ojoS. 

'Sisj-ssj^ ilal^, s. A large torch, 

^0 ili, J^^ <oe3. 

'3,001)0^ iliyuni, v.n. To fall, 
tumble, come down. 

'as3 lie, ^. A hair. 2, a fibre 
3. a fold, plait, -rfojs^— three- 
fold. o3je§— how many fold; 
cf. So-i. 

'asS ile, see ^^3. 

'S.fyj,^ ilkuni, sec eroaoj^. 

'3>S3* illiji, ^. A house, dwelling. 
2. a family. ^%S, t^e^a^f at 
home, in the house. ^<i'i§K 
^e?iS> to go home. — cas^o^o 
the inmates of a house. — ^uo, 
^> to build a house. 

'Sia;2jJ3dj illaburu, s. A kind of 
creeper used in thatching 
roofs and plaiting baskets and 
small boxes. 

'cK^Jh Tf illasij, see s^^ii. 

'old ille, sec la'3 . 

CO '^ 

'3,31 ishta, adj. Acceptable, 
agreeable, pleasant, wished, 
cherished, beloved, f^sq^ ?J^) 


to be loved, cherished. — ^ 
ocSoF a desired-for event ; an 
object which pleases one. — fefj 
friends. — l)Xb a dearly be- 
loved friend. ~?^j^^di^ sa- 
voury food, a favourite dish. 
J. Wish, desire. 2. friendship, 
familiarity, love. -~^n\r^ to 
break off friendship. — -rfo 
s^o^fj to make friendship, to 
love, like. <^A, ^■^^ nsotoa ^jjjsS 

O U — = 

^i) {.P'f'ov.) three blows to hiui 
who makes love, and three 
measures of ghee to him 
who causes discord. 

'3.3SI, ishta 


{"S ili 

^3^^,20 5) ishtasiddlii, s. Attain- 
meiit or fulfilment of one's 

'asiD,t5"SiLj ishtacara, s. Friend- 

ship, familiarity. 

'Si^-j)^^ ishtanishta, adj. Liked 

and disliked. 2, good and 

^Stt),?^> ishtanna, see f^^,s^j2?&;;i. 

'■a^^|,i, ishtanpitve, s. Simple 

'S-Ssra qjr ishtartha, s. The object 
of desire. 2. the highest good. 

^^. ishte, J. A friend, compa- 
nion. ~^A, friend and foe. 

^Sb^B relatives and friends. 
'3,5^;'^, "^.k isu, isi, i'nfj. express- 
ing disgust. 
'a?j*'o''' isijilijL, s. Whistling. —zsi> 

tlici to whistle. 
"^ti isa, ^t'<? ■3m- 
'Si,?i2o=CTOO* isabakul^, ^. The seed 

of Plantago Ispaghula. 
'■a?odojoAO, "^?o;jjoor\ isamung-i- 

li, isamungli, s. Crinum de- 
'Svi^dio^D* isaraberiji, ^. The root 

of the plant Aristolochia 

^.tit isare, sec ^^^^. 

Christian era. 

'^,25"33, '^.3q-3d3^isara, isaratyi, i". 

A sign, hint. 
'oi>?o, 'a?o^i* ise, isen^, adv. Now; 

at once; cf. <^^. 

'c),?oO, , "D^Xixpo iskru, iskuru, J. 

A screw. 
'■5> ^0 z^o s:* istambulu, i^. A Turkish 

gold coin worth about Rs. 2 

As. 8. 
's^^^d istara, i'^^ ^;d3g-d. 

^a?o^cD*, '■5,2^003 D* istyari^, isti- 
har^, ^. A notice. —^S^ a 
notification ; an advertise- 

'S,^) istri, s. A smoothing iron. 
_^s?jiv a, _;::3'rfoa to iron wash- 
ed clothes. 

-^^^b*, ^4^^' ispity, ispetij, ^. 
Playing cards. 

'^rj^ A^ isl^gidi, ^. A kind of 

"3,^ isse, see ^^• 

's^od iha, s. The present state. 
—tixi this world and that to 

'S^^ts^D* ijij^rij, J. A slope, slop- 
ing ground. 2. slipperiness. 

'•a^oooj^, iliyuni (^'S'), ^. «. To 
slip out or down, to slide; 
also f^'^S^eba. 

■ds i 


■d?odj iya 


■^ i, The fourth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written osjs. 
■^ ifpron. 2nd per s. sing. Thou ; 

emph. #?o3oe even thou. 
^ i, ^t7/^. ;^rc72. This or these; 

as ^ £?^ this boy, ^ 3i?i 

these people. 

■^oA*i3^^^ ingudavuni, c. 2^. {of 
^oKrfo^) To cause to stoop. 

■^oA*c^o^, -d^oFiodo^) ingijduiii, 
inguduni, see <^oAOT^of). 

■^oS^G* inciliji, ^^"3 ^sJ6. 

-d?oS3* indy:, ^. The sago-palm, 
Caryota urens. 

■d?oejs;? imbala, s. A kind of leech. 

■^023 imbe, adv. This side, here; 

cf. #3f a^,. 

■S^=^cl ikkane, ^. An arrow. 

■^2^0*' icil^, J". The wild date. 

— ^^ the wild date-tree, 

Phxnix sylvestris. 
■d^z^o?^, -d^z^jj^ icuni, ijuni (^sS", 

^2^), z'. «. To swim. 
■S?^ ityi, .y. Manure, fertilizer 

(of land). 2. fat, sap. — Sjb^S) 

to manure. 
^13 iti, i'. A lance, spear. 
^T^ idyi, J-. A pledge, pawn. 2 . an 

equivalent. — eroo;^^ to stand 

security. — ^jsLr^ to deposit 

a pledge, to pawn. — e?^?) to 

be equal, to match, pair; s^s 

^AO ^c5sL^ to be liable to 

•d?C3*?^, -d?:lr\ idijige, idege, adv. 

In vain; ^. e?ay^. 
-d?^ idi, ^if^ f^!^- 
-szl, -^cIa* ide, idegij, ^^6' <^z§, 

■d?cl ine, i'. A lute, a fretted 
musical instrument of the 
guitar kind ; also 83ef?, ^e^S. 

■^53*' iti^i, indef. num. So much, 
so many; emph. ^i^e just so 
much, only so much. ^iiS 
pi. so many (people), ^^ 
j3o7?, #?ssno^ so far, as far as 
this, up to this. ^§ jgpi^or, 
#?§^oou^ so far, so long. ^ 
i^?3s is this all? ^g^>S being 
so; nevertheless. <^3s§ (^ 
§-£?¥) so and so much or 
so and so many; with neg. 
it denotes unlifuitedness'. not 
a little, inexpressible. 

-^c5?So?^, -^ds^joy, idanenge, Ida- 
mutta, i'^^ ^e^cj^, ^©^wot! 
under ^§. 

■d?aj^ ipini (^^), z'. ^. To shoot 

(an arrow). 
■^sS ipe, adv. This side. — rf &!?i 

people on this side or part. 

— Q^^ this side. 
■^20J33 ibuti, see aej^jaS. 
-d^oJo^ iyavu, see f^ocio;^!. 


■dsoiSe) iya 


eroodo undu 

iyyandu, see raosocS under ^ 

■S50i;-s4?:, lyavuni, sfe rs,cxjor!os). 

-d5o3j6 iyere, see ^:5o^. 

■^D* iru, /tf/"^. proji. (pi. o/^), 
You, 7/5^^/ honor ifically in 
addressing a person. 

■^dorld irangade, s. Separation. 

■^dCc) irana, s. A small drum. 

-S^OoIj irinti, s. A cricket. 

-S?d)^ iruni (^o). r. ^z. & n. To 
rub off, be worn out. ^55 
^t?Ls) to undergo wear and 
tear, wear off, be reduced 
to powder. 2. to pick up. 

■S^dv^, irulli- see ?ii^:i'9. 
^tsi'^ irolu, s. The tender 

fruit of the palmyra tree. 
I -^sira irpadi, see f^.z^ra. 
•ds^ ise, ^. A lord, master, 
■d^^^isvara. ^. The eleventh year 

of the Hindu cycle. 
■d^^^tf^c^ isvarabsui, see ^7Sd 

■d5^d isvare, 5". The Supreme 
Being. 2. a name of Siva. 

■QiTr^^r^ isltug^, adv. lns\.a,nt\y, 
this moment. 

^Xo^ isuni (^c^), z'. a. To 


ero u, The fifth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written 4- 
eroo^ unka, s. Dirtiness, filthi- 

ness; cf. ^c5. 
eruoh^) ungila, s. A ring. —83^ 6" 

the ring-finger. /^j5?e;oc?\ei a 

plain ring. 
eTvcrioii, "TuzA.^, unguta, ungu- 

shta, s. The great toe. — e3T5€^ 

the thumb. 
eniorloOj unguru, see vooz::>:i-^:t and 

vooS^ unci, see CA/^oel 

v^oTZii^Zj^, undidibatte, s. A 
lazy fellow given to gluttony. 


?nio;:ae)^^, ^nioCs^CoOa^^^i undapi- 
ni, undiduppuni, sec eroctli. 

eruoiS, STwoiazo^e:* undi, undiclt^, 
,9. A bill of exchange; 3^/. 

vuoSri uudige, i". A sheaf of straw. 
eroo^oSj undiye, -s-jt- wczS, wcd^. 

?rjoJej undu, ^. "'. There is, or 
exists. 2. i7t answer to eAJozro, 
erJoz§,?;? is there? and other 
questions: there is, yes. 3. with 
the dative case it expresses 
possession. «io^ tAiorJj I have. 
eroozssLc^ to come into exis- 
tence, to spring up, arise; 
CA3ozsso3o^4 that which has 

erooCsO undu 


ero'CT, ukka 

occurred, what is really a 
fact, -what exists, eroozssdo^^ 
s to exist. — ■^'^o^Si to create, 
produce; to invent. — Tii^?n) 
o3o the Creator. 

voozio°-^:i7i unduluga, s. A kind 
of fried cake. 

"juod unde, s. A ball, globe. 
2. a ball-shaped confection. 

eroccS, ?A)osl'> unde, undye s. A 
sheaf of straw ; cf. erorf^^. 

?roo(^o ?i undluofa, see znoTkto^oX. 

CO • • -> 

«roo3-35^^ untavuni, c.z'. {of (foo 
^^) To cause to stand up. 
2. to detain, stop. sif«4— 
to allow further time to a 
debtor to pay his debt. 

eroo^j^ untuni (crjoi), v.n. To 
stand. 2. to remain, stay. 3. 
to stop, cease. 

^roorfo undu, pers. pron. neut. 
This, it. o\)crf^o:2 besides this, 
moreover, pi. croodo'j^j these. 

^ON^ unnata, adj. High, lofty, 
tall, supreme. 

wjoWoT^, «JVio20J2§ , pj\jo23 umbuge, 
umbucce, umbe, i'. The white 
flowered thorn-apple, Datura 
alba: also sfja^o — ; ^;g\— or 
^5— D. fastiiosa; see ^^oa^^. 

'y^io^oo::^ umbuca, s. A kind of 

SAioSJOC^ umbuda, s. A kind of 

vuoSjjjI umbude, adj. Globular 
and small, s. Chewed betel. 

tn)o2oocl^^ umbudepakki, s. A 
kind of bird; cf. eroosDorf. 

eroosoorfj umburu, s. A kind of 
small leech; also'^oz^^. 

'j^^oZj umbe, see CAioaio??, 

erooZjJS^ umboli, s. A freehold, 
land granted without rent. 
2. any present, donation; gra- 
tuitous service. 

"juodj, "-roosjjsj|)^uinma, ummap- 
pa, int. ijvhcyi startled)., meaji- 
ing Who knows? 2. 1 do not 

?ruoOo ummi, see eroso. 

eniosjjofi ummuge, see oooeoo:^. 

'juosjjo^ ummuta, .y. The purple 
thorn-apple, Daturafastuosa 
which is said to cause mania. 
see CADoeoo^. 

eAio^JOrfj ummuru, see erooeoj-do. 

eroo^oFsj urndula, .y^^ ewoili^oA. 

»ruodr urnde, .y. A lump. 2. a 

srooclre^jsdj urndeburu, s. The 
smooth-leaved heart-pea, the 
creeper Cardiospermum ha 

"JUo^re^^ urndel^, adj. Round, 
circular. — s:3cdo?j small rice 
pastry balls baked or boiled 
with sugar and milk or 
cocoanut juice. 

eAiodJ 7f\ urndluga, see cadotIj^oa. 

eros^e^^, eA)^?,^:* ukalu, ukkalu, 
s. Vomiting. 2. an emetic. 
_a;o£Ja20o cholera. 

enj=CT,d, '-Aj^Jid ukkada, ukkuda, 
s. A small boat. 2. a look- 
out place between the bounds 
of two towns. 

ero=5% ukka 


vuti uja 

sro=5a) ^^ ukkavuni, see ^rog^r^fj. 
iSAj^ ukki, s. Steam; c/ ^^^. ^s5. 

vvi^o,ci ukkuni (^^i), ■^'•z^. To 
boil, bubble up. 2. to run 
over in boiling. 3. to swell 
up, spring up; cf. ero^orr-i. 

emrio* ugaru, adj. Brackish: also 


enjn«)a u^adi, see o^ooT^^a. 

eA)A>j;^) ugipuni C^f^), v.n. To 
spit out. 

<!ror(orf^7^ uguraddige, ^. A neck- 
lace with chasings or engra- 
vings like finger nails. 

?roriouj uguru, ^. A nail, claw. 
— ?rf:>;gj^ a whitlow. —^"4, tepid, 

erurijdotjjjdo ug-uruburu, s. The 
creeper Daemia cxtensa. 

e/\)?i ugga, s. Over-boiled rice; 
cf. sgAr. 

eoiA u^o*!, s. A handle. 2. a hook. 
— ^uo^^ to fasten a hook ; also 

A A 

eruri^p ugguni (^^^), v.n. To 
stammer. 2. to spurt. c3£^ 
5^— blood to flow by spurts. 

eroF^ s>* uggelu, s. A well. 

»ru?i ugra, «^^'. Angry, vehement, 
passionate. 2. cruel, .y. Wrath, 
rage. eADA^Lc-i to be angry. 

^ruA^rs, -^n^rl?^* ugrana, ugra- 
nige, s. A storeroom. — ot:^- 
.y^^ eroA^rJ. rfXcJ— a granary. 

^^urrajC^ ugrani, s. A storekeeper, 
steward. 2. a village peon 
under a Potail. 

"S^A ugre, i". A passionate man. 

ero£5e)3J.3 ucapati, s. Dealings on 

V. n. To exceed the bounds of 
propriety either in word or 

tAjZss ucita, adj. Proper, sui- 
table, fit. s. A gift. croelsaS 
freely, gratis. 

"s^i^^i^ uccakacca, s. Quarrel, 
2. see cAjei g'w,. 



^'^v^^;c•S•^ uccakitta, ^^^ eroEp^^u. 
Tosc c;>o uccaya, ^^^ ero;^^. 


tf\j'^ O^s uccaripuni (eA)^,-i t)^v.a. 
To utter, pronounce. 

ToiJS sJn uccatane, -y. Exorcising 

evil spirits. 
eAi25"a ojj, uccaya, see tro^so. 

Tot3e)rf, °j^s.j3i) del, uccara, ucca- 

rane, s. Pronunciation. 
'2A)Z5e) e;* uccalu, s. A hammer. 
^025^ d uccava, ^^^ cro;^/^. 
"Jue^ ucci, J". A snake. 2. a worm. 

—ricSjn a kind of fish. 
enjZj=CTy, uccikatta, ^. A loose 

knot. 2. spots on the skin 

of serpents. 
Tj2;^j uccu, J'. A snake, serpent; 

ef. av)£;^o. 
^23 uJa, J". A fountain, spring. 

—t,^ "^ori a marshy field ; see 

enjZdtl ujade, 5". A deserted per- 

eAiij! uja 


eruc^ uni 

^ro'nd ujade, s. Light, splendour. 

— e?^Si to become light. 
^f^'^DZ^ ujadij, s. Ruin. -Cflb^ 

to be ruined. 
^ws;, SA) to 23-5) ujila, ujila, adj. 

White. — 2or« white colour. 
SA)^ uje, ^^^ cA)3d. _3j^o a to 

ooze, percolate, trickle. 2. to 

become swampy. 
SAJZd sJ ujjatu, i". Force, violence. 

—^^0^^ to force. 
?JV^e)0^ UjJftlVj •^- A. swing. 2. A 

5ru£=j^ uj7uni (w^), ^. ^. To 

rub; <:/. CA)rfor». 
ero^ D*^, ?nj^^^o* ujjer^, ujjer^, ^. 

A pestle. 
^jb^o3o?dj^, ?A)^-5^^ utayisu- 

ni, utavuni (crodjDOSJoJ, eA)&TO), 

7'. «. To raise, lift up; cf. 

eru^Ddcl utarane, s. Forgery, 

^^ii uttu, s^e ^ouo^. |-ciot|^i„g_ 

enj^jj-.y^ uttiitane, s. Food and 


W)^J3 ^ Uttoli, i-^i? ^0§3j^ <9. 

?AiU3cp"5d udadhara, s. A gold (?r 
silver girdle; also ^^^ori^. 

m^dOri, eAiC3"=5ar^ udarige, udarige, 

s. A kind of cake. 
^s\)d^^, ^S'OUD^^ udalu, udali^, s. 

The belly, stomach. — &fd 

hectic fever. 
"^G^oaj^^'o^, ^'ucs^jij^iudayisuiii, 

udasuni (erozs^osooJ, eroosooj), 7/. a. 

To deny, contradict. 2. to 


SAj^r^d udigere, s. A gift. 20^? 
05J Sjo^— e??3e;s Sjoa^ (prov.) 
a betelnut may be a present 
as much as an elephant. 

CAicoj udu, .y. An iguana. 

erocio udu, s. A star. 2. water. 

eAjdo=CTj uduku, s. A kind of 

small drum. 
erodori uduge, see ^orio-R. 
^JXizidfit udugere, see voci,-R^. 
erodoqsDd ududhara, see CAicitps-d. 
ero(:^osi^ udupati, s. The moon, 

eni^l^^udettel^ji". Bruise, adj. 

eAisI^^, SADcIo"^^) udepuni, ude- 
vuni (£A3c§), V. a. and n. To 
break, split, as pottery e^c. 

eru^ uddi, i-. Any pile of three, 
with one on the top, as marbles, 
seeds elc. — a?!:^ to set thus 
in piles of four each. 

eADC^o d ^ udduddane, adz'. In 
rapid succession, one after 
another, over and over again, 
_7jf^s> to speak hastily, —so 
hF?i to come or follow in close 

^j\,dd 6 udsure, s. A honorary 
gift; c/. m^iRS. 

erorsiS unape, fl^i^'. Little recover- 


^?9D* unar^, see ^r^B. 

SA^rs?:)''' unas^, s. A meal, dinner, 
boiled rice and curry; also 
Sjpqcu, ^r^SoJ. [young. 

eAicQsii unile, adj. Small, short, 

srurso unu 


eroci uda 

?AjC9j^^, ^oJ^ri unupini, unpini 
(srofi),?;.^. To take one's meal, 
to dine, eat rice, (in oppo- 
sition to a slight repast of 
fruits, cakes eic). 

erocl.s* unkeliji, s. The time of 
evening. 2. the night-meal. 

yursj unpu, s. Boiled rice, solid 
food; also- ?iJ4^- 

SANS'S D^ utariji, s. An antidote. 

^Js ?o uttana, see 01)3^ ?i. 

^j^do uttama, adj. Best, chief, 
superior. 2. excellent, virtu- 
ous. vo^-&o an excellent man. 
CA)^;Sjsf^^o the very best; God. 
~^Tioz[ the first person, gram. 

eroa„c^ uttara, s. The north. 2. 
an answer. 3. {in law) a de- 
fence, fli/;". (Left), northern; 
subsequent, later, 
funeral ceremonies, 
surety, bondsman. 

ero^Ofl uttarane, s. The shrub 
Achyranthes aspera. 

tro|gDD^5=^D uttaradhikari, s. A 
successor, heir. 

m)agD30;ijr3 uttarayana, s. The 
sun's course to the north of 
the equator. 

«ros DD^iCa uttardshada, s. The 
twenty-first lunar mansion. 

^A/SgSri uttarige, .y. An upper 
or outer garment. 2. a towel. 

tro^ Cuttare,^. The twelfth lunar 
mansion, the tail of Leo. 

^ro:5-d^Z7, '0--^ 3^^^, uttana, utta- 
vali, s. Haste, rashness, 

-sDa a 

sros^ij uttara, see 'j^^^. 

^3'^7i uttasa, s. Zeal, perse- 
verance. 2. a rash, (?r stre- 
nuous exertion. 

?A):^o,3„ uttutti, 5-. The dried 
date fruit; «/.?(? tro^saosj. 

sro^_Ojjdo uttuma, .y^^ cn^^irfo. 

v\^3'd^ utthana, s. Rising. 2. re- 

2Aj|^v|^ utpatti, i". Birth, origin- 
2. produce, profit. 

^"u^,^ utpanna, i'. Birth, a^". 
Produced, born. 

ero:^d utsava, 5. A festival, pub- 
lic rejoicing. "dt^pj^l^rf the 
procession of an idol on a 
car. — ^oj3§f a moveable idol 
generally taken abroad du- 
ring a procession. 

ero^ 2d, z'x>:5i),^ utsaha, utsaha, i'. 
Festivity, joy, rejoicing 2. 
energy, strenuous exertion ; 
t'l is often interchanged with 

?AJ3^r3 utrani, see CA)^'d?6. 

sroqs^D* uthar^, s. A free gift, 

a freehold. 
eAjds' udaka, s. Water. 

wrfojj udaya, s. The rising 
of the sun, moon, or other 
heavenly bodies, ourforfotfae). 
the dawn. 

erorfd udara, s. The belly. 2. the 
core of any thing. — ^^es::;?^ 
feeding the belly. — ^J3e3 colic. 

^rociuo^ udaruni, see crodoTJo?). 

"jvidsSjF udarme, see ero^tJ. 

?rocj uda 


eAic3j?oe udyo 


erodo* udalij, s. The white ant. 

erv)CJo*^o2^ udali^punca, s. A 
white-ant-hill. 2. (med.) a 
cancer; pins c'r pinlike holes 
on the sole of the foot 

?rocJe3 udale, s. Saliva, spittle. 

^r\jZ2D^ udatta, adj. Liberal. 2. 
lofty. 3. high, as a note in 
music, j-. The acute accent, 

erosrac* udaru, s. The credit sy- 
stem, lending. 

vucjsd udara, adj. Liberal, 
generous, -^n, -«(^ liberality. 

erosoiidcl, ea-C3i)clr udarane, uda- 

rne, see cronsso'dE?. 
vuco"t)2;^ udalij, see erorf^. 

?rtz3^?g, srujj'aAj^^ udasa, udasina, 
adj. Unconcerned, neutral. 
s. Neglect, indifference. — nsoSo 
a careless man. 

erocrai^dfi udaharane, s. An 
answer. 2. an example, il- 

?A)a udi, see ewrfcrio. 

isruassi^s^^i udipavuni, c. v. {of 

CAJa?:^) To beget, 
eroa^^, udipini, .y^^ eroaodoo?). 

«roa^j udime, i". Merchandise, 

eruaoJoeS^^^ udiyabenpini, z'. w. 

To become rich. 
eroaojoj^ udiyuni (^a), v. n. To 

rise, as the sun. 2. to be 

eA^do^ udupu, .y. The act of 

coming into existence. 

^c5oQ20v'5jdo uduriburu, s. The 
creepers Asparagus sarmen- 
tosus., and Asparagus race- 

eroc^jdj^ uduruni, v. n. To fall, 
drop off. 2. to hang down. 

SA)d ude, s. A sheath. 


erudorirt uderaga, s. A morning 

eA:)cS^5^?i udsvuni {^^i), v. a. To 
throw out. V. n. The hands to 
shake, as in sickness. 

stocSjs udo, intj. A formula 
used in presenting offerings 
to a goddess. 

»j\jd uddajj". Length. 2. distance. 
adj. Long. — jros/sasjcrooSo a 
prattler, braggart, bully. 

"JXjd^s'jcJ uddakuddya, adj. {lit. 
long and short) Middle sized. 
2. separate. 3. distinct, adv. 

ej\)rf Q uddari, see cadtoS. 

^Cji^d uddara, sec crocro-d, 

?rodJ ^J uddume, see wo^o. 

I'UD^ d uddhara, ^. Deliverance. 
2. protection. 3. prosperity. 

— £?L^ to obtain deliverance; 
to become rich. — ^o^'o^S) 
to protect, support. —"Sjuhr?^ 
to deliver the spirit of a de- 
ceased person from the power 
of a demon by propitiating it. 

erocs^c'S^f^'rS udyarcane, s. The 
biennial ceremony of washing 
an idol.. 

eA}cSj?r^r! udyoga, s. Exertion, 
industry. 2. business, occu- 

vugj udri 


enis: upa 

pation, employment. — ^ a 

public servant. 
vua, udri, s. A braid of false 

sajSj udri, s. A match, pair. 

— A3^ an equal. 
W)a,?^JSo^ udrigonde, s. A hair- 

ornament. [sojs-do. 

eroa.ejj^dj udriburu, ^^^ £A:)rfo& 
r>,Clx^ udruni, j-^^ erorfj-do^. 
erod^^s' udreka, i". Excess, super- 

abundance, a^'. Excessive. 

^J2?^e^?^ outburst of wrath. 

tre^j3?f)?^ excessive lust. 
enjzp-sidDi udharane, ^^e ouas^-d?!. 
eA)^32 unape, ^t-^; eror®A 
?ro^s3 unile see erorfd 
y\)?o,:^ unnata, see a^o^^. 
?A)3:; upa, A Sanskrit prefix im- 
plying direction. 2. vicinity. 

3. inferiority. 
^si=52p upakathe, s. An episode. 

erosi=3'dr3 upakarana, s. An ap- 
pendage. 2. means, materials. 
3. an instrument, tool. 4. 
vessels used in worshipping 
an idol. 

eA)sJ5"9rf, ?A)sJ=crx>B upakara, upa- 
kn^ti, s. A service, favour, 
kindness, benefit. crosi^s 
a benefactor. 

yxi3J=cr do upakrama, i'. Taking in 
hand, setting about. 

«ro3i7mdj upagrama, s. Suburb. 

erosJs^Cri, ?Aj3:;^5^d . upacarane, 
upacara,^. Politeness, courtesy. 
y\J3Jt^^ upa'adra, .r^^ cwsirfj. 

?AjSJd?cJ upadesa, i". Instruction, 
teaching. 2. initiation into 
the mysteries of religion. 

^3Jd^<l upadesi, s. A teacher. 
2. a catechist, Chr. 

?rondj, ?A)35'3£j, °j\;53d3 upadra, 
upEtra, upadi, s. Calamity, ad- 
versity, trouble, affliction; cf. 

sAJ3J?:;oiof^ upanayana, s. The 
ceremony of investing a Brah- 
man boy with the sacred 

srosisJd upapada, s. The modern 
grammatical term for article, 
also any subordinate word 
in a sentence. 

"s^ri'^r^^x^'^ upabodhake, s. An 
assistant teacher. 2. a deacon. 
(-hr. [division. 

ercsJE^Drl upabhaga, s. A sub- 

•^jisSo upame, s. Resemblance. 

2. comparison. 3. simile, 

°j03Jo5v';^r( upayoga, s. Appli- 
cation, use. 2. advantage, 

^sJD'sri uparaga, s. An eclipse. 

SAi^jOe)^ uparali, see ts<izsij£>. 

^3iO upari, adv. Above, over, 
after; also eweos. 

eni^sSjF uparme, see (s^t^-K. 

?ro3jS5?o upavasa, s2e ^^7i. 

erosJsSdo^ upasamana, s. Put- 
ting to rest. 2. alleviation. 

3. calmness, rest. — liP^S) to 
be alleviated, assuaged. — ^o 
'^^^ to appease, pacify. 

t^^j upa 


?A)23 ube 

^rot>7ir{r upasarga, s. A gram- 
matical term for preposition, 

£.£-. e53i, crojj e/c. 

»A)sJ;;j upastha, s. The parts of 
generation of either sex. 

v\Joj3oI. upahati, s. Mischief, 
trouble. 2. calamity; c/. m 

?ro^3ior! upanga, s. An appendix 
to ?5oA, 2. a subordinate 
scientific treatise, of which 
there are twelve according to 
the Hindu sastras. 

eAD3j3^s^or upakarma, s. The 
annual festival of purifica- 
tion among the Brahmans 
between July and August 
when their sacred threads 
are renewed. 

eA)S3'3a upadi, see erosirf). 

sAiSjiioJJupaya, s. An expedient, 
device, scheme. 2. means. 
3. stratagem. 1"^^;:^. 

srujjt):^ upasa, s. Fasting; also 

ero32^=^ upekshe, s. Disregard. 
2.want of appetite. 3. reluc- 

?AJ^J3^ uppadij, see erosjs^S. 

vosics^ uppad^ imper. of ero^S). 

?ro^&i^ upparige, s. The upper 
story of a house. 

«Aj3J^<°; uppala, s. Macara7iga 
Indie a. 

Wi^i £)?^ uppalig^e, i'. A kind of 
tree, see ero^e^. 

^537) ;:s* uppadi^, j". Pickles. 

yud) uppu, i". Salt. £A)5^^ brack- 
ish. — aeS salt water. ®2i — 
refined salt. t^Ts~ small 
grained salt. "^"^^i,^- rock 
salt, Bombay salt. 7^00^9055^ 
earth salt. 

■JA}^ ;:dUppuda, i". Salted fish; cf. 


eA}^ ^ uppuni (^^), ir. f. To 
be, exist. 2. to abide, live in. 

3. to help, support, protect. 

4. c. dat. pers. to have, pos- 
sess; a/.y(? f^s^^S), {past ^^etc.) 

^^ dj^ uppuruni (^4^^o), ?'.«. 

To faint, stagger. 
eAisS^^dj^ upperuni(e^>^^?S),z'. w. 

Cattle to copulate. 
»J\)S3A© uprali, J". Spite. 2. an- 

noyance. — ■rfo^Ox^^ to despise, 

deride; to annoy. 
»aj2oc^, ^23'3u* ubar^, ubar^, ^. 

Brackishness. adj. High. 2. 

turbid. «^/r'. Above. — ^eSsalt 

water. — cSe^ brackish, yr 

barren soil. —s:io^^j?i fish 

to ascend a river with the 

tide. — -^x^a the stench of 

(stagnant) sea-water. 
mi^^fi ubalige, s. A kind of tree- 
'j'Oij ube, i^. Steam. — ^ sjDtSoa 

to bleach clothes. 2. to drive 

out any vermin by smoke. 

3. to ripen fruits by artificial 

heat 1 also cro;^. 
yxizS, erozS, ube, ubbe, see ^s|s- 
SA)^2dJ^ uberuni (£A)d5), r. «. 

To become thick. 

ef\i zj, ubba 


eniQ uri 

vx)i\^, tro20-ao* ubbara, ubbar^, 

see cro2c5, 

?roUd ubbara, (^cfj. High. 2, 
swollen. 3. turbid, adv. Aloit, 
sroso,?: ubbasa, ^"^^ eross tj. 

^'V)2^ ubbi, J. Saliva, spittle. 

— S)eS viscid spittle. — ociooji^ 

a spittoon ; [Le^rf^. 

ero:2,?i ubbina,^. A spittoon; also 

eruz^oijj^ ubbiyuni {^^^), "^'-n. 

To spit, 
enjwa^^i, "Ajd^^o^ ubbuni, ubbe- 

runi (-'^20Aj- -'^°4)?^), ''• ^2- To 
swell. 2. to be elated with 
joy or puffed up with pride. 
^ruzj ?i ubbesa, s. Difficulty of 
breathing, gasping. 2. asthma. 
— 20i5;rrjtogasp, be breathless; 
to suffer from asthma; also 

^toz-ssdIc; ublapatera, s. Stam- 


mering. lisping. 
v\)22 uble, s. A stammerer. 

eroc^cc^j ubhaya, adj. Both. two. 
—i5. —^5 both parties. — ^ 
on both sides or places. 

y\)S3j^ umani, .y^<? ©^jrf. 

vo^j umi, i". The husk or chaff 

of paddy. 
yb^jr^' umil^, i". A mosquito, 

gnat. -- s^ocsdi a musquito- 

€ro;So ume, .y. The wife of Siva: 

also s:ii)^~3. 

^'\)53j?C3*, sro^o?a umed^, umedi, 
J-. Liking, inclination. 2. ex- 
pectation, prospect. 

w:5:.^Cj"9,6 umedvare, i'. Avolun- 
teer, candidate. 2. a copyist. 
i'udo, umma, j^^ ov)ct5o. 

?A-05j=a* uyik^, .?. Crying like a 

monkey. j-g^jo). 

stoOjosjo^ uyiluni, see ennaio^, ^o^ 

vuo5j^o3j uyivuyi, inter j. sig- 
nifying alarm. 
erooiaivo' uyyal^ see cua^^. 

»Ajd ura, s. Ploughing, tillage. 
— eoclo a ploughman's stick. 
—^^0^^ to plough and level 
a field a second time ; to 
make a field to hold or re- 
tain water. 

'>s\j'6zf uraliji, s. A ploughman's 
or herdman's song. — so:!)-^ 
to sing whilst ploughing; 
also zj'it,. 

°ro& uri, s. A kind of very small 

yv>& uri, s. Blaze, flame. 2. heat. 
3. acute pain. 4. wrath. — a^ 
burning itch. — 3:i)e3 burn- 
ing heat. —-^Thti a furious 
person, —"^.ssj urine morbidly 
heated. —20.tUo?i to speak an- 
grily: to take revenge. 

?A)Qr^^ urigejje, i". Small bells 
strung on a rope and tied 
round the neck of a he-buffalo. 

"ju&o^^ uripuni (^5), I'.a. To 
sound, play upon. ^^^6— 
to sound a trumpet. 

sru&oio.^ uriyuni (^5), v.n. To 
burn, blaze. 2. to feel a 
burning sensation, as from 

erodj uru 


Torsr urna 

fever or itch; to feel acute 
pain. 3. to feel anguish. 4. 
to be wrath, eoca^ [lit. the 
belly to burn), to be hungry; 
to feel anguish, to be envi- 
ous, ^ojj— {lit. the body to 
burn) ; to be feverish ; to be 
provoked, be angry. crosB 
well-heated, pure, as silver. 
?A)do uru, s. Tediousness. adj. 
Idle. -eyb» to be idle, to feel 
reluctant. — -rfo^^o^^ to pro- 
crastinate, put off. 

enidjoeo*', trodoodjs^j uruntij, 
urundulu, adj. Round. 

tAirfJoeios^o^ uruntucande, s. A 

kind of drum. 
^rorfjo3l20J9djurun(ieburu, s. The 

smooth-leaved heart-pea, Car- 

diospermum Halicababum. 
erodoozoo^ urumbuni (av)-doo^), 

v.a. To bore; also "rfo^iio^^^. 
tAidorfj^ uruduni, sec erosijrs). 
vudjsoo urubu, see srosSr. 
ewdo^'5^:) uruvolu, i"^/' cn^-iSja, cad 

ero6 ure, s. A deer. 

vo^s^^i urepuni (^■5), 7/. «. To 
try metals by a touch-stone. 

eru6j^^i urevuni(^^), v. n. To be 
penetrated or incrusted, as 
with salt; also 2oi54r". 

'yx)6rdj^ uresuni (cadtSoj), v.a. To 
rub. 2. to polish. 3. .y^^eAj^sgSi. 

?rodJ?) uro, ?Vz/y. Alas. — sj^sj^Se 
alas, what a pity! — rf^cxio 
have pity on me. 

*ju6j5, ero6J3s;^o uro, urolu, s. A 

bar across a passage. 
sro=5"3riJj^ urkaruni (^^5df5) , v. n. 

To bubble up, as boiling 

^^■srsj;^ urkavuni, c v. (of uo 

s^oFoi) To cause to run over. 

2. to put out. 

i^^-^r urki, s. The shrub Sida 
Indie a. 

^s^-^T^ urkil^, .v. The prickly- 
heat. 2. a kind of shrub. 

3. a rough basket. 

eni=3*or urku, s. An amulet. — ■rfof^ 
a necklace composed of small 
glass beads with a big gold 
bead in the middle. 

eA)=^orcl urkune, s. The act of 
bubbling up. 

^^JF?i urkuni (ifo^F), v.n. To 
rise; cf. 005^0^^. 

erorloF^ urguni, v. n. To curdle, 
2. to ferment. 

srus^oF^ urcuni, 7'. n. To go 
to stool, vlg. erot3>)ru loose- 
ness of bowels. CA)£lr£;o a 
filthy woman. zs^'&fS a filthy 

5m sir urti, see enjo^. 

SA^SDreJ urdata, s. Wrestling, 

combat, struggle. 
eA)(3«)F5^^ urddvuni, c.v. (of ifo 

t^or^) To set persons against 

each other, to stir up fighting. 
vudjF^urduni, 7'.;^. To wrestle, 

combat, struggle. 
snirsF urna, A round shaped 





74 ero3^ um 

SAicdr urni, i". A bulb, protuber- 
ance. — 5yo.ri to clot, curdle. 

tro^~ urti, see ewaS 2;2 ca^DocSocj^. 

war urdi, s. Increase, prosper- 

erocJJFurdu, ^. The kidney-bean, 
Phaseolus mungo. 

enidjF^ urduni (w5r), v. a. To 
rub, iile. 2. to polish. 

SAJ^r^ urpuni (CA3l3r), r'. a. To 
blow a wind-instrument; cf. 

erosSro^ urpeliji, ^. Slight boil- 
ing. —236 rice obtained from 
boiled paddy and differing 
from the unboiled (= sSjs^oo). 

en^iiF, eruwjF urbi, urbu, s. In- 
crease, as of any disease or 
trouble, -i&ocijo^ (///, to per- 
ceive trouble), to discern. £3? 
eSrf— pressure of work. 

eA)2jjF©oJjo^ ur bully uni, see <^ 

sruoJooF^ uryuni, i'^t^ -^Docbo^.. 
y\)o3jFurye,^\ x\ red kind of fowl. 

eAi©F urli, s. A brass vessel for 
preparing curries in. 

ero2-)OF urlu, s. A noose, snare. 
_A0 StfOjoJ to be entrapped in 
a snare. — q??;» to lay a 
snare. — sj^^c^toput a noose 
round the neck; to hang. — sjs 
cfjjreja to hang oneself. 

yu?3F urle, ^. A kind of cake. 

SAjriFcl urvane, s. An instrument 

for destroying nits. 
"SiiZ'F urve, adj. Unripe. 

^^ ula, see erovsoso. 

SA)© uli, i". Nought, nothing. 
— s:z)rio» to annul; .yt'^ <2;/.y<? 

eAjS^CTJsJ ulikuttu, j-. A small 

ewOaJjoJ) uliyuni (cajsS), t^. <z. To 

instigate, induce, v: n. To 

erus;j=g^o uluku, i^^^ caj^Oj. 
SAisjO^j ulutu, sec erOiiooO. 2. 

fraud, cheating. 
^'^oeS ule, i". A furnace. 2. a deer; 

cf. vo-8. 

5ros3^^ ulevuni (^=3), v. n. To 

^s3j3? ulo, see erosJjae. 
STo©* ulk^, see ero^o,. 

?roo^SJD^ ulkapata, .?. The fall- 
ing of meteors, which is con- 
sidered a bad sign. 2. an 

STJOJ, ulku, see eros^sj. 

o ■ 

ero^>,, eroO, ulta, ulti, rt;^'. Con- 
^ ,. ti 
tradictory, opposite, counter. 

2. upset ; — ^o^o^^i to take off, 

upset, y?^. to lie. 

eA}S3e)o3j, ^^.S3^© ullaye, ullaldi 

SAis^e) Jo ullasa, s. Exultation, hap- 
piness. — e?S:r^ to be cheerful. 
«^'. Joyous, blithe. 

eru© ulli, .y^?-!? <^t-- 

?Ai3^ ?d usvisa, s. Breathing out, 
a sigh; of. irs^ri. 

enisrs usha 


eru^j?),? ullo 

«rosraD^ ushar^, adj. Alert, sharp; 

het. ccosiitiS. 
y\)3^ ushna, adj. Hot, warm. s. 

Heat, warmth. 
"S^Tf, SAi^^ usiji, ussane, s. A 

deep sigh. 
erOrTSD* usarij, ^^^ ^o^^sS. 

*ro?uOrfo, vu?oOe^j usuru, usulu, ^. 
Breath. 2. life. -^uo^s> to 
hold the breath, -^e-^i to 
die; gases to escape, as from 
a corked bottle. — sootliS:^ to 
breathe, respire. 

<»ro?;)0^ usulti, ^. Collusion, con- 

efu?j's?i usvasa, see eA)Bs^ri. 

ero^ ula, Inside, inner part; cf. 
eA30. — ^^ the palm of the 
hand. ~^^ ^s?o^^ to take in, 
to have a secret. — Aoyo a 


latent secret, hidden mystery. 
— aro4 a bend ; the curve of an 
arch. — ^^r^ inside. — t5joo 
a^ the inner square of a 
house. —?fea a by-path, —fs^or^ 
the lower part of a female's 

y^D^oSj, eA)^s)OSouIayi, ulayi, <3;^^'. 
In, into. Some declensions 
are formed of this adverb; 
as, — rf ^^ a back or inner 

room. cw^cooS from within. 
CA3s?;^4s?oso, eros;<02oTl3 ^oso se- 
cretly, privately. 

eA)^4 ulavu, s. One's secret. 
2. design. 3. inclination. 

sro^?jo25 ulasanci, s. Intrigue, 
conspiracy, secret design; 
collusion, fraud. 

ero^ uli, s. A chisel. 

eAi'^oJo, ea)§,Ojj uliya, ulliya, 
s. A small river-island or 

Sj-u^ ule, ^^^ £^^, SA)e3. 

ero^js^ ulo, iWy. Alas! 

enj^ ulki, i". Remnant, rest. 

^^a ulku, s. A sprain, or cramp. 


sro«^j, ^ ulkuni (c'^^^^^), v.7t. To be 
sprained, or cramped; also 

eru^, «ro^ ulla, ulle, jt^^' cad^^^ 

irus^^ ullade, ^. A fisherman. 

v • • ' 

vu^I^oSj ullaye, s. A master, 
lord (/^w. eA3=TO <?). 

5Ai§, ulli, .s. A generic name for 
garlic. ?)e-do^ onions, jSjs^o^"^^ 

en.«?JS,eO ullori, s. A memo, of a 
receipt given to a tenant for 
part-payment of rent. 


eras u 


y\j35Jj uru 


enJ5 u, The sixth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written ^. 

y\J5ot7, SAJSo-cO unci, uacu, adj\ 
Superior, costly, fine. 

wo^) To lift up. 2. to cause 
a person to get up or leave 
his seat. 3- to insult, des- 
pise; Cf. Cr0bX)O3j?j0r'i. 

enj^oeij^ untuni (sadoO), v. n. To 

get up, press. 
eA;5oCJj^ unduni (trinoS), v. a. 

To press down. e/\no!±)3ij si 

isj^oi to hold firmly. 
er\J3oi:o umbu, ^^^ i^jsoeoo. 
y\j3oz2 umbe, ^. A hole. 

eA;3tio^ujuni(^'^^^), v. n. To ooze; 
also eA;)^5 ^?b». 

eaoeJ uta, ^. Food, meal. 

SAJsIj iiti, s. A spring, fountain. 

eAiseJositiajd utupacara, ^. Hospi- 
tality and civility. 
y\J3^ ute, see ^j=>&. 

«\(5C3DS^^ udavuni, e. v. (o/zr^rh 
S))Tofix. 2. to put in order. 3i 
a^— to fix the boards of a 

enj^.^s:^ udilu, s. A kind of broom 

^sx^zi:^^ uduni (ca/^S), v. a. To 
plough; ^y". ^J^il3^). 2. to fix. 

eru5r3 una, see v\S)^. 

eru3a uta, ^. A weight, burden. 


2. a staff. — ^jseiao a weighing 

eruscj, s>'\;5t:3'c) uda, udl, adj. Sky- 

enrac^j iidu, s. A prop. — ^jaS^r^ 
to prop. — ^us?£io a pole used as 
a prop. 

eru3c::o§t);3jS iidukameli, s. A 
malignant kind of jaundice 
from which particularly child- 
ren suffer. 

ef\j3CJo^ uduni (sahS), v. a. To 
blow, as a pipe. 2. to swell. 
^J\rs66 a piper. 

eruadj^lj, Mubatti, j". An aro- 
matic pastille. 

y\i5f^ una, s. Defect, maim. — cro 
o3o, au)f3 a cripple. 

enJSOjj^oO' uyyal^, see cro3d^^. 

eAJ5d ura, adj. Local. — (^asSa a 
public office. ~-^Ti4 local cus- 
tom. — ?ioa^ gossip. 

SAiDdfl urane, ^^^ ^oxiA. 

eru3D^5^^ uravuni, ^. ^. {of en/^^o 
?)) To plant, fix firmly. 

eru300l3i5o3j ixriyaye, i'. A stran- 
ger; also eAD::^ oiSo. 

^S^i^:; uru, ^. A town. 2. a vil- 
lage. 3. one's native place. 
— croc5o a countryman, — ^oocS 
townsfolk. — cSJ"^ country 
sesamum. eADrija-rfoXo from vil- 
lage to village; cf. CAnrf. 

eAJ3djo2o^ urumbali, s. A village 

erusdo uru 


!)i0 T\}. 

?ru3do=^JS^ejo urukolu, s. A walk- 
ing stick. 

erusrfo^ uruni (sadS), 7-. «-. To set 
firmly. 2. to plant in the 
ground as a seed or sbrub, 
e^c. 3. to gain power. 5^5— 
to plant one's foot. s3eo— to 
be established firmly, to take 
root; to grow. 

?nj36j3^o urolu, s. A cross bar 
at the entrance of a garden 
eU.; cf. eroTSjs?. 

yuado urya, see enj^o^or. 

^rasJor;^ urjita, adj. Confirmed, 

^AJSJ^jT urdhva, adj. Aloft, on 

high. —7\h ethereal course, 

heavenly bliss. 
SA;?oJor urya, adj. Strange; cf. 


SAJ3;^o^ usante, s. A large bug. 

snj5?jo usu, s. A fart. 

erv.'s^jo^ usuni (CADfa), v.n. To 
ooze; cf. ean&:o^ to break wind 
downwards, vlg. 

y\;5?3o^ uselu, «'^'. Oozing. 2. 
filthy. 3. breaking wind down- 
wards, vlg. av);6e3 a man 
who frequently breaks wind 

eru5^, mjs^fS uhe, uhane, ^. 
Supposition, conjecture. 

eru5T?r{uIiga,^. Service. 2. work. 
_i3ao3o a servant, labourer, 
— •rfo^oK^c'j to serve, work. 

erua^cdjo^ uliyuni (ean^), 7'. n. 
To ooze; 6/. ov)aios). 2. the 
bowels to evacuate frequent- 
ly; also CAfj^S^se^a. 


ado ru, The seventh letter of the 
alphabet, but seldom used in 
Tulu. It is commonly pro- 



nounced like "^j or a, which 
see for words beginning with 

sii; as^ sjiir©='doTO, srfi^ = &wv. 

o:> ye 


00=0^ yekk^ 

oi ye, The eighth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o3o. 

.Oo^ yenkij, see cdje^. 

cOotS'o'^j^o yenkulu, pers. pro. We. 
This word which is the plural 
of ocJjs)^ signifies only the per- 
sons addressing., and should 
be distinguished from ^^ 
which always includes both 
the persons addressing aiid 

(Oo2c yenca, adv. How? —era. <co 
'^^z-fzzj^ however, anyhow, by 
all means. 

^o"-^ yenci, sec o^rf . 

^z'lh yerici, intg. pro. What sort 
of? -=;, -ti4. -§^?^4 what sort 
of thing? -nbdSj. _B^?:^:xb 
what sort of man? 

.OotSc' yenjiri^, s. A kind of tree. 

oioe^ yent|j, s. Boasting, pride. 
2. craftiness, cunning. — ejssa^ 
4?>to show pride, be cunning. 
— sjBir^jc^ to boast, prattle, 
play tricks. -todSo a crafty 

oio^ yente, ^. A clod of earth. 

2. an unburnt brick; cf sSoB. 
oicr^i^ yennige, s. Calculation, 

(Oorao^ yennuni (ojofij, e. a. To 
count. 2. to think, presume. 

3. to expect. 


aiofi yenne, s. Oil. — ^^ T^r© au 
oil mill. — ^aios) to rub with 
or apply oil. S5^- distilled 
oil. ^^^:i- cinnamon oil. ^Fa 
^3i-, o;:S c?S gingely oil. ag 
v^:^ sandalwood oiL ssc^oso 
zi- cocoanut oil. ^zraSuj— 
lamp-oil. ?:DrfS3i_ olive oil. 
3jt3'5_ castor oil. fj-^ottL- the 
oil of the nuts of Rot tier ia 
tinctoria. TiioFs;5c?! kerosene 
oil. 'iol:;^:^- champaka oil ^/^. 

<Oofl=5'^ , ojocI^o^ yennekappu, 
yennekempu, rt;^^'. Dark red. 

o:)orliwd?2 yennebadane, s. A spe- 
cies of brinjals. 

oio^, yentra, see orfoo^. 

^oJ:5a,^ yendruni (-=S|), j-. a. To 
say fully; cf. f^^s*. 

oio?is^ yennavu, /ri?. Mine; cf. 

tOo?!)^ yennuni, see .;cr®o^i. 

oiosj yempa, i"^^ »^f^- 

6jo^°^j yemmalu, ^. A woman. 

=^jje^3i— an angry woman. 
oio^ yemme, ^i:^ ^^^ 2. see oi^r- 

o:)o;Sjie3j^?:) yemmettuni (»^='^^), 
V. n. To turn back. 2. to yield. 
3. to abate, as sickness; cf. 


r^'^o't'if yekambely, see .cS^^djd. 

c^=^d, o:)^ yekare, yekre, ^. Au 

^^^ yekk^, adj. Nearly dead. 

oi^ yekkv 


ojt3 yeji 

»i5S?o5S yekk^sakk^, adv. Con- 
fusedl}', indiscriminately. — cy 
^Si to become confused. — sjs^ 
t^Joi to reproach unjustly. — ^ 
^J^oi to be perverse. 

oj=^ yekka, i"^^ iss'. 2. the ace. 

oj=^o yekkam, s. The unit of 
numeration, first place in 

^'^_^'6^ yekkacakka, sec oj^^-a^^. 
oiT^G^yekkad^, «^2'. Then. •^'^^ 

already, ajog- a little while 

<o=a^(a yekkadi, s. A kind of game 

with cowries, arranged on a 

board, -i^jaeoo^s to play such 

a game. 
^=a,d yekkade, s. Hiccough. 2. 

gasping, -^juo^c^j to hiccough ; 

to gasp; cf. o3^^e3. 
o=^?5"e)s3 yekkanale,' adj. Lean, 

thin. j-. A glutton, greedy 

man; 2. see o^^d 
<o^^os3, o:)=CT,^j^s3, o:)^,^oyekka- 

male, yekkamale, yekkame, s. 

The swallow wort, Caloiropis 

0^?3 yekkale, s. A cockroach; 

also <o^^e)j; <;/; <o5^d, »i3;,froe3. 
o:)=CT) e^^f; ^ yekkalyuni (-2^^^), ^. n. 

To stretch the body, or stoop 

down in order to catch or 

pick up anything. 2. to 

spring or jump up. 
^"6^^% yekkasakka, sec ^^^74^^. 
^^^■s,^^^ yekkavuni, c. v. [of odu^o, 

'^) To reach, cause to touch. 

oj=5'o, ^ yekkuni (o^^^), 7,'. «. To 
touch. 2. to gin. t-'. ?2. To ebb, 
decline. ^^- to be within 
reach of the hand. ^?^1- to 
be on the point of death. 
3j3f-— to gin cotton. eoosS— 
to be hungry. 

oj^ yekke, s. The shrub 
Aristolochia hidica. 

CiA yegge, s. A branch, bough. 

ojA o* yeggel^, s. A small branch. 
-^rfj^ a small piece of wood. 

0:^2^^ yecipu, see -osS^. 

(OS^ yecca, see soei . 

oZa Q^ yeccarike, i". Wakeful- 
ness. 2. care, caution. 3. 
warning. -e?bs) to be awake. 
~^jshF^ to warn, put on 
guard, -a??^^ to take pre- 
caution, —-^ct^^^i to remind. 
_5 ero^^ to be on guard, be 

oOe^S^^, cOS^Oi^dj^ yeccaripuni, 

to to 

yeccarisuni ('>2^^), 7'. a. To 
admonish. 2. to caution, warn 
oisS yecci, .y. Body. — S stjt^o^ to 


put on clothes. ~K ^^sjdt^o^ 
to assult; see Sop.^ . 

cOZa r^ yeccig-e, see ^el ??. 

to "'^ 

o:)zS yecce, ^^^ '^^f.- 

to T 

t023^ yejipu, i-. Endeavour, at- 
tempt. —"ijshF?) to caution, 
betray. — -rfji^o^^ to try 
through others. 

^u yejja 


oj^ y3dde 

ojti , »jz2 yeJJa, yejji, s. A hole. 
2. a loophole. 3. the eye of 
a needle. 

^■d , '^z! yelJi, yejje, j^^ ®^, .^k , 


ojti yejnya, see ocso^. 

oU=av)'-J, yettakutta, s. Quarrel- 

ling and fighting. 
■5:)kra,d,c^ yettavuni, c.r. fofcu^ \ 

^i) To bend, cause to stoop. 
^U, yetti, i^. A prawn. 

o".eoZ05J?-o* yettiballyaru, -S". A 
small kind of shark. 

o^^'^-^loi '►^lei.^jd yettisutta, 
yettisudda, s. The sword-fish. 

ojeJo^^ yettuni (-^3^), 7'. «• To 
stitch, as leaves. 2. to cause 
mischief. 3. to hox the ear. 
z'.7i. To stumble, bow down; 
be hit. oiSjS^eL?) to bend 
down, as a tree laden with 

OSo.s3 yettele, s. A mischief- 

^zi yeda, see orfoci. 

<odo=5* yedank^, adv. On the 
left side. —zT^i^ an offensive 

lyjzio'^^'^ yedankuni ( -t^c^j, r'. df. 
To kick. 2. to hit. 3. to dis- 
regard; see ::io?o^. 

o:s^?j, ^jiieosjdj^ yedapuni, ye- 
duturuni, see .ot^S). 

i>ii:^^kif,, oi^^sj"'^ yedavatti^, ye- 
devatta, ndj. Middling, in- 
different. 2. dull, stupid 3. 

rough, rugged. — =#<yri an in- 
different work; an objection- 
able act. — ntj^:^^ a stupid 
fellow. — ?:fea a rugged path. 

ojCaOoZJod yedumbure, s. A doll. 

ojj^j^^ yedupuni, see o:r^a. 

cud yede, see <^'^. 

o:)j|;5ej*. yededettu. see <orio^. 


t>:!d?:^r?n yedenanya, s. Paper- 
money. — c^:i^ a stupid fel- 
low, a man temporarily en- 

^d~j^:^ yedenali, s. An inner 
wall round a temple. 

■^d^djQ> yedemudi, see r^-d-^x)^. 

oici yedde, i". Goodness, adj. 
Good, excellent, superior, 
fair, fine. 2. happy. 3. pros- 
perous. — 2^B a superior 
caste, fine breed. — aj5 a 
festive day, holiday. — ^ 
^r, _Tiio3oj^r, —'So's^o an 
auspicious occasion. — ■s^oFiaJ 
black pepper. aafe. Well, 
very well. —tst?> to improve 
in health; to prosper, be 
happy. — e?^S niay you, 
(he eU.) be happy, —^j^hr^i, 
—Tk)^^^^ to do good, to bless 
with prosperity. — §^^ (///. 
to eat good), to enjoy hap- 
piness as the fruit of one's 
good deeds. ~z:Ti^-d:>^ to speak 
favourably, fluently, or at 
length; to speak or argue 
ably; to chatter, — 3=i good- 
ness. o:iS cB of good sort. cozS 

^d\ yedpu 


^uj* yed 

cSe good, emph. <oz??f5 copi- 
ously, abundantly, heartily; 
immoderately, severely, vio- 

(Odo ^ yedpuni (aS), v. a. To 
thump, strike with the fist. 
2. to pound in a mortar. 

oic's^^j, yeni^ma, num. Eight. 

1^^ yena s. A corpse. — -rfooc;:? 
a good for nothing, vlg. 

o:)r?)€, ocl, (Ocl, yenike, yene, 
yenke, i". Calculation, count- 

ing; estimation. 

^'^"O^ yenely, adj. Pertaining to 
the first crop. —Vi^'^ the first 

^^ yenci, s. A ladder. 


oJr=3 yenne, see o3oro. 
<ora yenpa «z^;;2. Eighty. 
(Ore, yenma, J^^ .oFs^. 

oicl^ yenme, s. The gingely-oil 
seed, Sesamum orientalc. — rf 
<ooE? gingely-oil. 

<03"S yeta, see <oqro. 

«03D2^ yetasti, adj. Exact, cor- 
rect, adv. Exactly, correctly ; 
het. aiociro^ S. 

cjI yete, .s"^^ ^'^^ 

^^j\^, r^^lj"\^ yett^^adi, yet- 
tijigade, s. Scheme, device. 
— -siis^o^S) to scheme, devise. 

• cOS^:sA^ yetti^taggij, adj. Un- 
even, rugged. 

oi^fi yettana, see <o^^. 

o:>^rf yettara, adj. High, lofty. 


i-. Height. 

oi^dj^ yettaruni ("^fo^), ^'. a. 
To ascend, climb. 

tOS^do^, 03^5^^yettaduiii,yet- 
tavuni, c. v. (of <o^_o^^) To 
reach, deliver. 2. to gulp, 
swallow water etc. eagerly, 
or in large draughts- 

oj|jj7^ yettig-e, s. A collection. 

raise a subscription cr tax. 

ojso^s^^ yettuvali, 5". The act of 
raising a subscription or tax. 

tti;^ yetna, i'. Essay, endeavour, 
effort, exertion; bet. odo^^. 

^3Dj<i yetvasi, s. Difference, dis- 
agreement, variance ; bei. ^o 

(O^'syetha, adv. As, according to. 
adj. Proper, usual. — ^?rorJas 
usual. — ^raXr the usual 
course or way ; <5^/. odjqro. 

o5q5D(^r yethartha, .y^?^ asoi^qir. 

cOJ^ yethe, .?. Pain, smart, grief. 

o:)2pP2;^ , o:)^^^, yethecca, yethe 
shta, j"^^ ojoi^r-i , ajo^p?^;,. 

»:)C*^yedi^pu, i'. Beginning. — ci 
sorir the first shower of rain. 

iOC3*D^, cKidjrfj yed^ri^, yeduru, s. 
The front, that which is op- 
posite. 2. presence. — s^cSthe 
counterpart of a deed. — ?ioci, 
oirfof^ora a conditional deed 
of sale. —■i2si,^oi, half boiled 
rice. — ^'^ the counterpart 
of a lease. — ssa an opposite 
party, opponent. — e?Ls> to 
meet, come face to face. — eroc 

<oa yedi 


^6 yera 

^S) to stand in front, to op- 
pose; to rebel, —trooo^^^to 
set up or instigate a person 
ascainst another, —^js^ci^ to 
speak to one's face ; to contra- 
dict, oppose. — 20-«t:Jo^ to come 
in sight, be seen; to be over- 
taken. ■>:.Ui^oK face to face. 
— S before, in presence of. 

oj^ yedi, see ^Ja. 

o^ao=a yedinke, s. A wing. 

ooSGij^ yediyane, see '^^^. 

ojrfj€j3r^o?i yedukonuni {■^^ 
^J3?i), V. a. To advance. 2. to 
meet, go to meet. 

cjdocra&iyedurata, s. Antagonism. 

ojC1>dd°^ yedurali, s. An anta- 

ojs3 yede, s. The heart, chest, 
bosom, —^t) ^^OvS) to harden 
one's heart. — ^js?;rr'a to take 
courage. — Aoca/? courage, 

c:idr3?^^ yeddanige, see o2:3. 

-jj:5jo25 yeddumbe, i". A kind of 

r^'Cij'^ yeddupu, s. An ambus- 
cade, lying in wait. — sjszSo^ 
to lie in ambush. 

ojdo«^ yeddyuni ('^S), v. a. To 

ojj3 , ojsScI, t>:)2:S prd yedde, yed- 
dene, yeddyana, s. A fan. 

oiCj^j yedru, -y^'^ "^^S, o^rfo-rfo. 

oicS^§ yedroli, i^. The creeper 
Jasminiim anvustifolium. 
ozS^^ yedroli, i-^^ <oS5^<9. 

:>jF^, ^:?^ yena, yenna, see ccijs^. 

c^jEoJt;^©! yebu^ante, adj. Half- 
boiled. 2. half-witted, silly. 
co2J3i s^ yebbavu, see ^2c^4. 
c^^o yeme, ^^^ cdo^o. 
<>:)^oe^, cO^^F^r yemarike, yemar- 

ge, ^. Storing. — aoLf^ to keep 
or store. 

<>J05J3:;o^! yeyipanji, s. A porcu- 
pine; cf. ^ix>s;^o zio^. 

o:)OJj>)p^ yeyyuni (<oO30), v. a. To 
shoot an arrow. 

ttiC^ yeraka, a^'. Molten, cast, 
as metal. — ::i ^e';rf, »3"d^j3o^ 
t?£'7j molten (?r casting work. 
—^j^^it) to pour melted metal 
into a mould. 

'^dn^ yerag-i;, s. Fitness. 

ojdrij^ yeraguni ("^"^a), v,n. To 
melt. 2. to agree with the 

t>:)Or{^^ yeraguni (o^^?^), z'. a. and 
w. To bow, prostrate, do obei- 
sance. 2. to fall upon, seize. 
3. to alight. 

^t)T^ yerad^, «z<5w. Two ; cf. tjS^. 

codecs Ojo yerabayi, i-. A kind of 

cOdt;, cOw'^yerala, yerala, see ^e 

ojds^ yeravu, s. The act of lend- 
ing or borrowing anything, 
for temporary use. 2. dif- 
ference, distinction. —'^ c^a 
a borrowed ornament. — K 
=^j5oTli eoLrS) to borrow. 

oid«^yeraIe, .y. An antelope, deer. 

o:)0 yeri 


<»ie3 yele 

ojD yeri, s. The glare or heat of 
fire. — v33^ a very hot wind, 
sultry wind. — rf^^o), —533 
^0^ to glare, be affected 
with the heat of fire; cf. coQ. 

oiScdjo^ yeriyante, s. A kind of 

t>jOo33DGjj yriyaye, see coSorfjscSo. 

oiDOiJS^c^ yeriyavuni, c. v. {of .o 
Borfoo?)) To burn, blaze. 

oiiOcdx^ yeriyuni (-^S), z-.;/. To 
glare. 2. to be hot. 

oirfj yeru, s. A buffalo. 2. a 
moth, worm. — ^?.a to be de- 
cayed with worms. — eoLrsi to 
come into manhood. 

o:)do3?)Dj o:)do3B§ yerutari, yeru- 
tali, ^. A kind of palm tree. 

co62o'302o yerebayi, see .o-decreoaj. 

oiodrpj yerndale, s. A green 

»i=5*r yerk^, j". Rising <?r ac- 
cumulation, as of water, etc- 

2. severity, adj. Exceeding. 
— 3i;^^ to be in danger. 

»i^r yerka, s. Fulness. 2. proxi- 
mity. «^". Full; near. 

^ws>7'^'^ yerkavuni, c. v. {of <^ 
3=oF-^) To tuck up, as clothes, 
when wading a river etc. 2. 
to hold back, as milk by a 
cow etc. 

oi=^jr^ yerkuni (-^'^j, 1'. n. To 
puff up, swell. 2, to rise or 
collect, as water in a place. 

3. to be full of milk, as the 
breast or udder. eocsS— the 
belly to be distended. 

oj=^r, o:)=^F53^ yerke, yerkelyi, s. 
Rising; cf. o^g^r, ojir. 

ojrird, o:)r^J3Pf9,cOir^i.Qrsjyergale, 
yergone, yergole, s. A dull man 
like a buffalo, a simpleton; 
a glutton, vlg. 

^tv yerta, see "^^r. 

cOir yerte, s. The flood tide ; cf. 

<^ti7 yerpa, s. Seventy. 

(xjsSfcS yerpene, s. A hairpin. 

adj. Old. 
o^^!^?i yerpuni {'^^), v. a. To 

lift up. 
oidoF yerme, s. A she-buffalo. 

— ^^J3^ a kind of bush. — cd 

■5j3<£*o a calf. — eoewo^ a kind 

of fish. 
oisj^ yelakki, .y^^ ae^*^. 
o:)e;s,, <oe-)^„ yelatra, yelastra, ^. 

A handkerchief. 
oisjs yela, intj. of surprise. 
cO£) yeli, s. A rat. — ;:ss:iDO© rat's 

bane, arsenic. 
•^^^■^ yelikebi, s. The herb 

Evolvulus emerginatus. 
^^-^"^ yelipuni, see ^e^j^^. 

o:)©ol3j^ yeliyuni, v. n. To melt, 
as any soft substance, butter, 
etc.\ also ȣJo^). 

c^i©;^i) yeliseri, s. A shark; also 

oj^;j yeluji". Abone. — g'oo^apain 
in the bones. — t^JsB , — T?>®if a 
skeleton, —sod ajoint of the 

^'d yele, ^. A leaf. 

»:)s3 yele 


iD^ yeka 

ojs3?3"?!r> yelenage, s. A small but 
dangerous insect found on 
betel leaves. 

»j23^ yele, see oDe;^. 

^^JhjS, yelkode, see o:e;ot?jsd 

<o^o ^ yelpuni, z'. a. To melt, as 

lead, butter, etc. 
oj»;cZo yellanji, adv. The day 


after tomorrow. 

'^js;c:do yellamma, s. A name of 

<>jS, o:)^^ yelli, yellya, adj. 
Little, small, short. 2, in- 
ferior, mean. — S, — e^jsTli 
from infancy. — '^^ ^^o^» 
to extol and disparage any- 
thing alternately. 

tOe? yelle, adv. Tomorrow. 

sjs; rcci yellyanne, ^. A junior 

elder brother. 
<>:)5Ji) '^c5J yellyaye, s. A youth; 


2. a junior, minor. 3. a short 
man. oSoere o4) a small thing. 

oj^cs:^ yevanca, .y^^ s^osi. 

oisj?:! yevane, i'^^ a!-rf?i, 

oj?jS^ yesal^, s. The petal of a 
flower, leaf. —^^'^Garcinacam- 
hogia. ^7i-3t~ a tobacco leaf. 

(O^oJ ^ yessuni, see <ogo^^. 

oj^s^, oj^ yelat^, yele, adj. 

Tender, green, not fully 

grown. — fj°5 the water of 

a tender cocoanut. 
o:)^ yelpa, mcpi. Seventy. — ^e 

^^ yekshi, see ^^^^■ 

^ ye, The ninth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o?oe. 

^ is affixed to the words 55c 5 
and 25^ when addressing 
or asking hojtorifically a 
single person; as, ?9o:3s 1^3^015? 
Rama! ss^^? !g»t?5os?e 
boys! children! ^o'd^^ is 
it not so ? It is also affixed 
to nouns., pronouns, and 
adverbs by way ofi emphasis. 
?;-drfj?)^o3o? man only. '4^:&:)^ 
you alone, f^^)o3o^ even to day. 


ij=CT yeka, num. One, single. 2. 
solitary. 3. combined, united. 
— 33« the accurate adjustment 
of song and instrumental 
music. — s^, unity, unanim- 
ity. ~^t^^ singular number, 
gram. — ^ror of one colour 
or caste. — ?S a solitary man ; 
a bachelor. ~-&^i>^ jointly, 
unanimously; collusively. 

ti'otio yekadam, adv. At once; 

ii^^^t)0J05yekanayaka, s. A medi- 
cal plant. 

^^ yeka 


^u-s yera 

^0=3*?)^ 0^0=^ yekanayake, s. A 

^=5e) yeka, see »*. -a-3-, a?^* 
abruptly, suddenly; without 
permission. 2. unreasonably, 
unjustly. — sxiirSooi to re- 
proach unjustly. 

iD^Doh yekang-i, 5". A solitary 
life. -CfS alone. 

^5Do:^ yekanta, i'. Solitude. 2. 
secrecy. «^'. Solitary, seclud- 
ed; secret. SDffsoisjsTli in se- 
clusion, secretly. 

^"SDU^h yekadasi, s. The eleventh 
day of either fortnight in 
the lunar month, on which 
Hindus fast. 

^^^^, ^£)^^ yekini, yekhini, s. 
Honesty, uprightness. 2. chas- 

^€js^e§ yekoci, adv. Alone. 

^z^fg yec'ane, see oSjsr-^??. 

^z^o ^, i:)s*o ?i yeccuni, yeccyuni 
(a^), z', /z. To reflect, muse. 

^k:f yetu, i'. A kind of gambling 
in which a piece of coin is 
tossed up and a wager laid 
as to which side it will fall. 
— 7^j320j^S) to gamble in this way. 

^u' yedij, s. A goat. ^^^^ 

^n>D^J^^d yedamode, .y. A stupid 
^Q, yedi, s. A coward ; c/. ^?a. 
JO^ yede, s. A blockhead, 
^r^ yeni, .y. A ladder ; c/. c3o?s. 

^3^ JQt^, intg. pro. How much ? 
how many? a^KiS;^ for any 
amount, on any account. aie§ 

how much each? a ;fj3? how- 
ever much, how much ! — ?j3r 
how often? 

i:):^j yetu, s. Annoyance (from 
goblins); cf. ^?^. 

i:)|j9r3j^ yetonuni, see -^^^J^. 

^tJi^o yetolu, ?;z/^. How often? 

^^* yen^, see oara^. 

^^ yeni, adz'. When ? — Ke^s, — (i?S) 
K<y3, a^eo)Kcj3 always, for ever. 

ior!, ^"^ yepa, yepo, <?<3^6'.When ? 
— €^ always, ever. 

ii^^yepuni (»^), v. a. To catch, 
as a ball. 2. to take, lift or 
toss up a child in the arms. 

i:)^^j yepoli^ see a^, 

i:);joO^, ^^dfiF yemarike, yema- 

Tge, see oi';l)&??. 
^SjO yeme, s. A turtle. 

i:iD^ Y^x-^, intg. pro. Who? — g^, 
^TOotie^s whoever, whoso- 
ever, any one. ^"^^ who is 
that? a^ ©^^0, a^Sji^^o at 
whose house? ^tSasS for 
whom? for whose sake? aoo 
d& (a5 bcs35) who knows ? 

i:io* yeriji, i'^^ ^e5. 

^D^sS^D* yerijper^, j-. Difference, 
distinction. 2. perversion, 
distortion. 3. reproach. 

^drl yerane, Z/^/^. Who? 

i:)Ue)S^^ yeravuni, c. v. [of a-rfoa) 
To raise, lift up. 2. to in- 
crease, enhance; promote. 
3. to load ; embark. 4. to pet 
and spoil. ^-5^—, ;^oaA_to flat- 
ter; to pet and spoil a child, 


^0 yeri 


)A^ eige 

servant, eJc. £3e?— to raise 
the price; to out-bid. ^"rf— 
to set up a tree. 2.^— to 
enhance punishment, -^oz^^— 
to promote, increase one's 
pay. 7ix)Tiys^— to load a cart 
or vessel with goods. 

^Dyeri, ^. Akindof fish. 2. a bed 
for planting vegetables eU. 

^^:>'^ yeruni (^5), -c'.a. To ascend, 
climb, mount, v. n. To rise. 

2. to be increased, be aug- 
mented. 3. to be accumu- 

Joir yerte, see -^^r. 

^Di>'^-c yerlaki, s. A part of a 

boxing match. 
^nje)^^^ yersavuni (ariar), v. a. 

see ^^ii)?i. 2. to beat, strike. 

3. to eat up. 
^z>^ yel^, see ^^■ 

^^■^ yelakki, ^. Cardamoms. 
S:>^?^j yelanna, s. Weariness. -^ 
tr-^ to become weary. 

Sj^^3^ yelami^, s. An auction, 

public sale. —z:i>':i^^. —■^'^^ 

oi to sell by auction. 
^e^D^^i yelavuni, c. v. {of aoo?)) 

To cause to melt. 
^^j^ yeluni (^^), "•■'•n. To melt, 

as lead, butter etc. 
JCj^csi ysvanca, adv. However, 

at any rate. 
t^'^ii^ yevara, see ^,o^3o3-rf. 

^^j3^ dyevudeppude, i'. Doubt, 

perplexity, adj. Doubtful. 
S:)4d yevura, see ^^. 
^;^ yesa, see ^^<- 
t:)'kf\ yesige, see ^?§>^, ^e-^^- 
tj'^ yelijj num. Seven. »^c3 

^§r^ yelige, s. Increase, growth. 

2. prosperity. 3-improvement; 

of. oc?^^. 

i:)^ yelpa, see od^. 

ty4^ yelya, sez iSe^",^. 

t^^jf yelver^, s. Seven persons. 


S3 ei, The tenth letter of the 
alphabet. Also written eso3j. 

S3od einda, adv. Hereafter. 

SDogt3Dsj, ;3ogj23e;© eliidrajala, 
eindrajali, see f^o^-, ^j^crf;-. 

$3^* eik^, pro. {dat. of °^^) For 
or to it. ^w//^. — - to (?;- for 
it only, sc^ is it for it ? S33^ 
5 owing to it, therefore. 


23=5^0 °^o eikulu, pro. neut. They. 
sos'r eikya, s. Unity, harmony. 

2. diligent application to any 

pursuit or occupation. 3. 

spiritual communion. 
sori^o, ^r(j°^J eigalu, eigulu, s. 

A schoolmaster. 
SDrio* eigeru, ^^^ ^^^5- 
^Al^ eigena, 5. Five spans. 

;ob^ eiti^ 


SD'v;- 61SrSj 

^kf eit^,pro. {loc. of ^S) In it. 

;3C5«)^d eiddavara, adv. Owing 
to it, therefore. 

'^i, eita, see esosj^. 

so;^ eita, pro. {gen. of 554), Its, 
of it. 

^S'Sd, ;33'5,d eitara, eitvara, i". 

S03i)^ eitala, ^. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant used for castrated 

SD3s)^ eitali, see soBsd^. 

sod ayida, see efodoo<:;i. 

SD^* ein|^, ;/^^;;^. Five, s^n?? fifth. 

SOf^JSCio einudu, 72?/;;?. Five hun- 

SD^^ eipuni (s:>), v. a. To tread. 

S3toj eibu, s. A flaw, defect. 

^zi^^^ eimule, s. Obliquity, ir- 
regularity, as in the founda- 
tion of a house. 

socS.), sooSoo eiye, eiyye, see esoSo^. 

sdoSjs, 53c5% eiyo, eiyyo wz//. 
Alas! 2. no, not. o)F:!tS t>^^ 
v^oi^jii^ have you got money ? 

oDcd® no, 

S3o3j3 eiyo, see sd^. 
sooSjoC* eiyer^, pro. Five per- 
sooSjoSJ^ eiyyeli^, see ©otsoos?. 
sdoSjSo ^ eiyyo, intj. ! woe ! 
-:3D*3-3§ eiryitali, ^. A kind of 

necklace worn by a virgin or 

sodcl, SDD"e)r^ eirane, eirani, s. 
A new ornamented earthen 
vessel used by Lingaits during 
nuptial ceremonies. 

;3D'J)D?!)£) eiranali, see so^st)^. 

SDDi)rj, S3Dt)^* eirana, eirani^, J". 
Weariness, affliction ; bet. ^i 


soDDsia eiravata, ^. The elephant 
of Indra, regent of the eastern 

sodo^ eiruni (s^S), v. a. To wait, 
stay, stop. ^QY^ 

sodJS^o eirolu, s. A kind of creep- 

socoiiJ, soo's;^* eilata, eilas^, s. 
Sport. 2. childishness; also 

SD©?3* eilis^, s. Incivility, impo- 
liteness; C/. N^^OJ. 

S3 §3^3 eilesi, see oje3?5a. 

SDd eiva, 7Z2/;«. Fifty, -n the 

S3Sj2o, sosStu eivaji, eiveji i". 

Money, Avealth, property. 
sosSo* eiveryi, j-^^ S)o3og5. 

sosJzo'Srj* eisabas^, m/y. Bravo! 
well done ! rgg 

SD^oior eisvarya, s. Wealth, rich- 
so?-/ eisij, zVz/y. Ha! alas! 
so?d eisa, see zfcii~x)r[o. 

so^ eisra, s. Wealth. 2. cheer- 
fulness; C/. S3^^o:Sor. 





£ooa wdndi 

to WO, The eleventh letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written 43. 

too^^ wonki;, adj. Thin. 

locv wonka, s. Crookedness. 2. 
a hole (of rats, snakes etc.) 
adj. Crooked, curved. 

2«o=CT;nl wonkade, s. Yomitting. 

-^yjjo), -2ofcrr^ to feel an in- ; 

clination to vomit. 

too-o- wonki, see ^c-S-. 

2oo7^^do^ wongeruni, see ^o-R^io^. 

2«os^=§ woncake, s. A deceiver, 
cheat; e/. ^oss^. 

tiOT^^, 2k>oi^6^ woncane, wonca- 

Ime, s. Deceit, fraud, delusion; 

also ^oEifS. —Tio^^^ to cheat, 

tooZa wonci, ad7'. Whence? 

where? — £/3 anywhere. ~^^ 

whence do you come? 
ZooZ^^^ woncipuni (z^oz^y z>. a. 

To deceive; bcf. tioelj^S). 

Eoo^irw, £ooc£f5 wonjane, wonjene, 
7tum. First; cf. SjocS. 

SoOcS wonji, num. One (rnas. SoQ. 
fern. 2oSr). _£fL Ji to be united 

or reconciled. — ^?^ perhaps. 

Sjodsc^ each, one by one. 

a;oare?2jti^^ some, certain. Sjo 

&^wJsocS s^.^l}J on a certain 

2joij wonta, s. The hip, waist, 

loins; cf. tx.z'e.. 


aool3 wonti, adj. Alone, single, 
separated. — /^ a single man. 
aoc!3 wonti, s. An ear-ring, 

aooeS wonte, s. A camel, drome- 

SocCa wonda, .y. A public tank. 
2. a hole, pit. 

Eocsl wonde, .s'^^ ^jsctf. 

2oc:2/Tt>6 wontagare, .y. A strong 

man. 2. a clever man. 
Zoos wonti, ^. Turn, time. 

ZiohA wontige, s. Contribution. 
— oo^j s> to collect contribu- 
tions. — t^jsbr^, — sror^jS) to 

Sooso wontu, s. A turn, time. 
adv. Once. 

2«oi wonte, i". A little, a bit, 
smallness. adj. Little, few, 
small, trifling; «/^^ 3>jc::i. _ 3i?i 
a few persons. —^^ a few 
days. — ^'!;^r a little time. 
2ocs-®ci very little. 

2oo2:o=^ wondake, s. Urine. -^ 
■^OnjN to piss, make water. 

2oocS^ wondane, see ^oTit. 

cood£)ri, toodjad wondalige, 
wondolme, i'. Congruity. 

2ocC3D^^ wondavuni, ^.t'. ((?/"ajo 
rfj^/) To gather, collect, join; 
to heap up. 

2ooa=^, tooa?^ wondike, wondige, 
j-. Joining, uniting, coales- 
cence; cf. ^jaca^. 

Zooa wondi 


ZoTi wogga 

EooSi^?^ wondipuni, sec ^oa^^. 
Zoocjj^ wonduni (SooS), v. a.&n. 

To gather, accumulate. 
ZoocS wonde, ^"^^ s^-o^- 

2ooc3J32^od wondoluve, ^. Rela- 
2«oc^j wonnu, ^. Gold. 
t«o?5 wonne, .y^^ ^jso^. 

2oo20J wombu, adj. Becoming, 

elegant, graceful. 
£^o2oo^ wombuni (Sjo's), t*. ??. 

To be suitable, to agree with. 
2ooSJo womma, z'nij. of surprise. 

Eoorfoosj, 2oo;^jjr! wommukha, 
wommug-a, s. One direction. 
«fl?z'. In one direction, —^t^, 
—^jsrio?:) to assemble for a 
certain purpose. 

Eoos^oo^ wommuta, adv. All a- 
round; c/. ca)o20o;?. 

^oo^J womme, adv. Once. 2. 
together; <;/". SotSjs??!. _ ^f:? 
oneness, unity. — ■rfos^o^^ to 
gather, collect, heap up. 

ZcosSoeJj,^ womettuni (ajo^oO^)^ 
V. n. To be gathered. 

toosSo^^^i wommevuni (Sjo^jo?), 
v.n. To be united, to be as- 

Eoo^jF wornku, s. A lane, foot- 
path; also SoSo^. 

£goclr wornde,^. A quarter seer; 

also Sj 5 ot§; ^. ^j30c§. 

toozoF wormba, 7mm. Nine. -?3 

the ninth. 
^ooEJor^ wormbuni, Si:e ^oeoorrt). 

Z^'^SJDS^ wokalat^jL, see ^too§. 

2o-S-^s3 wokile, see ^•^e^. 

Eo^ wokka, s. The hip, waist. 

— ^ijse^j a string (?;- thin girdle 

round the waist. 
t^^,^*, wokkattu, s. Concord, 

eo=^ejo^^wokkattuni(2>j^^^), z'.7i. 

To be in concord. 

Eo^.rs, £0=3^, cl wokkana, wokkane, 
.y. A heading, title, address. 
2. style, composition; del. "^ 
^^?6. —zjszio^ to sign. 

ao=^o2o wokkayi, .?. A single hand. 
So =3^0,^ wokkuni (^^^jj), ^'. «. To 

e^=f,a* wokkeliji, i-. A tenant. -Ci" 


h?i to occupy, reside. — sjsrfo^ 
to be tenanted as a house, 
place or garden. 
ao=^,d wokkelme, s. One of a 
cultivating class called the 
Bants, a Bant; /em. So^^oa, 

ZjTikf wogat^, s. A riddle, an 
enigma. 2. mystic language, 
cant. — rf sj^^TJ an ambiguous 

ZjliD^ wogar^, s. Brackishness. 
adj. Salty, brackish. 

2o?ido^ wogaruni (^a5),^'. w. To 
become salty or brackish. 

2or( k^ woggatiji, see ^%^,■ 


2or! eJj,^ woggattuni, ^^^ SjTn ^wo.a. 


2*j?id woggada, s. Oneness, con- 


cord. — o-b?), see Zjt^ h^. 

' A 

Zoii wogga 


90 2o^ woda 

ojf* rffi woggaraue, s. Seasoning. 
— s^T^oci to season, 

^o^5^)oJ^ woggapini (2^7^), v. n. 
To become one, be united. 

tjA woggi, s. A handle, hook; 
cf. ero7, . _z5e;sosj a piece of 
plank suspended on both ends, 
for keeping things. — e^b^ to 
be of one mind. — syj.^ to 


lay wait. 
^o^iJoS woggundi, s. Depth. 
£o25oi wocaua, see ^2i?i. 

u.2/a^?j wocipuni (2^2^), v. a. To 
wipe off, rub out, efface. 
2. to clean. 

Ik)25 ^ woccadi, adj. Single. 

£oZ& wocci, s. A small whetting 
board; <2/.y<9 SjS-^'^rS. —zie^soao 
a board for sharpening knives, 
chisels etc. 

Lo2^ol)j^ wocciyuni (2^^), "'• «• 
To deliver, give in charge; 
also Zi^ 5 ^jsbrsi; ^. 2o?\cxjoos). 

tjS^j ?i woccuni (^''f^), 7'. «. ji?^ 
SoEa^^. 2. to whet, sharpen 
(a knife). 3. to row (a boat). 

woja, wojaya, wojaye, woja, 
wojedi, s. Deduction, subtrac- 
tion, remission. — ^^ijil)^ to 
deduct, remit. 

2«2^^,£otiN wojany, wo>ne, ^. A 
load, weight, burden. 

£.jt3d, %^u. wjira, wojra, s. A 
diamond; het. ^^. 

£>jt3^6 wojlre, s. A vizier, 

^o^^oSo?JJ^ wotayisuni (2o&3O30 

0^), t'. «. To gather. 2, to 
change money, cash a cheque 
or note. 
^o^^ci wotara, s. The enclosure 
of a house. 2, vicinity- 

t«y,„ £oij,J^ wotta, wottavu .y. 
Discount, agio. 2. premium. 
■dj33J3O303i— discount of a rupee. 

to&i, wotta, ^. The chin. 

£«y,o wottam, ^. Money, cash. 

Zo&3'3,rf, 2*j&Ji),6 wottara, wottare, 

aj eJ 

(2^1'. On the whole; cf. 2jWj,. 

2oUrt wottige, see soyo^AO. 

Eo&jj wottu, s. Total. 2. amount, 
sum. 3. the whole. ~7(oB^-^ 
the whole contract. — ^^s^i the 
whole. — «3a) an aggregate 
account, sum total, — ^s?o^?) 
to add, collect, heap, sum 
up. SjUOjAO together, with, 
along with ; on the whole. 

ZokSi'^ wottuni (2^^), ^'. «• To 
press. 2. to heap, pile up. 

ao^ vpotte, s. The lip, mouth. 

£o^, wotte, s. A fissure, hole. 
2. a potsherd. ad/. Broken, 

2«C5«is;' wod^teli^, see o\):f£^5. 

aot^ woda, /'^'i-//. With, 

z^zioz^^'i, ZodoZj^ri wodambadi- 
ke, wodambadige, ^. Agree- 
ment, consent, contract, cove- 
nant. 2. a treaty. 

Sodoz-^a^^) wodambadipuni (^^o 
2oa), 7'. a. To consent, agree, 
concur. 2. to be pleased. 

Zozi woda 


^oSl) wodda 

Zoii^ wodaki^, s. Bruise, frac- 
ture. 2. a leak. — ajsosocroDSj a 
prater, tell-tale. 

Zid^Q wodakari, see Soc^^rfs. 

Zoc^af^ wodatana, see ZjS^^. 

uZi^ wodati, s. A mistress. 

ZoZiiz)'' wodatelij, s. Breaking. 
adj. Broken ; c/, ewzS^ 6. 

Eaj^Ojj wodaye, s. A proprietor, 
master, lord. 

SgZ^c* wodar^, j. An additional 
rafter or prop, used for sup- 
porting a roof; also 2orf5. 

ioCasj^ wodali^, see cn^tS^". 

z^ii^ wodave, s. Property in 
general. 2. an ornament, 

Z^St, wodi, i-. A iDorder. 2. di- 
vision, plot or range of rice- 
fields. ~^yo^» to put borders 
in a field. 

^o^ wodi, ^. Abubo. — 3i;|.a —^SX 
og)^"i, -ej^'OjSi a bubo to break 

2o^5j)c^ wodipuni, see ajzfsgs-. 

^oao:jJJ^) wodiyuni (3^^), v. n. To 
break. 2. to stoop, bend, as 
a branch laden with fruits. 

Zi^'O^ wodilij, see 2jtl>. 

&j^^ wodive, see zsJi,^. 

2.^:^0, EoC^o wodu, woddu, s. Igua- 

na. — Nj5odoj^. —^'SAJ S) an 


Iguana to get into a house; 
(_/%".) to have a bad omen. 
2«c^oo=5e:*, 2o;:eOon'ca* wodunkely, 
wodungelijL s. The end. 2. 
boundary, limit. 

Sotiioriejo^ wodungeluni (Sjtlio:^ 

<5), V. 11. To cease to bear 

2odoo20«) wodumbu, J. Stupidity. 

2. uselessness. ^i/^'. Stupid: 

eoCaooZOJ^j wodumbulu, ^^^ ^orSoo 

2*jdo5^^ wodupuni (Soili), ^. a. To 

Sozl, Eu^s^^o wode, wodetaddye> 
s. A kind of cake. 

twd wode, rt!c/7'. Where? whither? 
— ^o«^ how far? how long? 
zs&K whereto? 

2o^^fj wodetana, s. Proprietor- 
ship, mastery. 

toslsdo^ wodetaruni (2^<^^&), 7'. n. 

To suffer from tlie pain of a 

boil etc. 
£o:l^^ wodepuni (s^t?), v. a. To 

break or break open, 
2»jzlo;ijo^ wodeyuni (Sj^), ^. ?z. To 

2o3lo5o wodeye, see Soc^oSo. 

Eocld.'ssJo, wodewottu, s. A whole 

aoJl wodka, s. End, termination. 
2. bruise. «.'//'. Broken. — crooJo 
the last man. CjT^.^q, Zjxip'b 
inferior rice imported from 
the Ghats, broken rice. 

EoCi s:* wodkel^, s. Finishing, end. 

2oC^ wodda, adj. Flowing, — S)?S 
flowing water. 

2o(2Dd,?iwoddavuni, c.v. {ofzsd:^ 
^)) To turn, stretch, cast, set. 

z^Wfi wodda 


tj3^ wotta 

o)e^— to turn flowing water 
into a field e/c. ^^— to hold 
or stretch out the hand. 
20e3— to cast a net. cv-d^eio— 
to set up a snare. 

ZiZ^S^ woddalij, s. A stalwart 
or well formed man. 

ZiQ> woddi, see eroa . 

Sodj woddu, s. Stubble. 2. see 

oaC^j ?i wodduni (s-^S) 7/. «. To 
hold (9r stretch out, as the 
hand. v.n. To flow, run. 
Zid wodde, s. Multiplication 

ZocIjs ?s;ri woddolag-a, s. A royal 

assembly, darbar. 
Zo^ wodta, s. A stroke, beating. 

2. gain, emolument. 
Zid^ wodte, s. A kind of fish. 
2o^a* wodtel^, see ZjziiiJ. 
^oC3^),dJN wodpavuni, c. v. (of Sj 
rf^N,^) To cause to pluck, 
bend, sink in. 2. to lessen, 
diminish. 3. to drain. n?&— 
to drain a rice-field after 
sowing or before reaping. 
4. to change, as money. 
ZoC^o, wodpu, s. Plucking. 
Eodj^J) wodpuni (2<jS), "j. a. To 
pluck. 2. to lessen, decrease. 
ZoC^orl, EoS's^^rc) wodyane, wodyana, 
s. A belt or girdle, made 
of gold etc. and generally 
worn by a devil-dancer. 
EoC^OnoA^ wodyung-ila, ^. A ring 
with engraving worn by 

aod> ^ wodyuni, see zs^ ^. 

tjz^^oAz>^ won\;ingeIi.i, adj. Dry, 
withered; lean, thin; also cro 


£^r9=3^^,, Eors^s'^ wonakatt^, wo- 
nakatte, adj. Dried, 2. stiff. 
3. faded, emaciated; c/. j^^ 

Zj2^^^cf wonakel^, s. Dryness. 
2. see £roi€j^. 

SorssS wonape,«^". Bitter, astrin- 
ZorsD* wonary, see ©o©^. 
t«r3?;^ wonas^, see cror-sco. 

EofI wone, i". Bail, security. 

— 3dd5o a bail, bondsman. 
£0^ wotta, see sad©. 
Eo^„^^, wottattu, s. One side. 

^(2fz'. Aside, in a corner. — Qe 

^a to keep aside. 
Eo|j,ojo, Eo3^0jO wottaya, wotta- 

ya, ^5". Force, compulsion. 

2. persuasion, coaxing; «/j<3 

^33 odo. —-rfo^AS) to force; to 

^o|.6 wottare, ^-^^ eA)£^T5. 

^^i^d wottare, s. Extremity, 
corner. 2. order, arrange- 
ment. — Qeba to keep in a 
corner, put in order- —^^h^D 
to move aside — ^^o^ji to 

E^:^ ^ d wottakshara, s. An under 

Zo3'^C3 wottana, s. One place, 
or side. 

Zo3^s^^ wottavuni, c. v. (o/Zj^ 

uK wotti 


£o33D WOppa 

Si) To cause to press. 2. to 
be impressed or sealed. 

ZiS> wotti, s. A pawn, pledge. 
_aeL^ to pawn. 

to^j wottu, s. The mark of 
aspiration under a letter; 
a kerned letter. 2. closeness, 
thickness. — a?b^ to place 
closely, fix firmly; to foment. 
— a?5 zJrfvSi or zjziS-doc^ to 
reproach or abuse indirectly. 

^•^is^io' i^^JSo^ioWottuttu, wot- 

tottu, a^T'. Very closely. 
Soi^jj,^ wottuni, 7'. a. To press. 

2. shampoo. 3. to seal, stamp. 

V. n. To be close, or thick set. 
£oi^ wotte, adj. Single, solitary. 
Zit^ wotte, see SjB^. 
toigd wottele, i". An oppressor. 
coCJn^ wodagi^, .s-. Haste, speed. 

_^^j^s> to make haste, to 

tadrre^^, wodagavuni, c. v. {of 

3orfA0^) To procure, supply. 

2. to prepare. 3. to assist; 

also ^orfAsS^J^Ib^^). 
2«drio^ wodaguni(^25^), v. n. To 

be opportune, or ready. 2. 

to prosper. 
2o!:Jo^ wodar\i, see zs^^. 
2o£) wodi, .y. Phlegm, phlegmatic 

humour. — tfuo^^ phlegm to 

gather in the throat, to breathe 

hard; to become hoarse. — ^ 

«3^ci phlegm to rattle. 
£uz3oJoj?i wodeyuni, see £A)c34^. 

eod^S'^^^woddadpavuni, c.v.{of 
Sjot S^^) To oppress, molest. 

^oC3■^y woddata, ^. Hardship, 
difiiculty, misfortune. 2. suf- 
fering from any disease. 

z^Vih "d^'t^, z^w-> u^"^)"^ woddaduni, 
woddadijpuni (Sjos^S), v. n. To 
be in distress, strive with 
difiiculties. 2. to be pro- 
strated from illness. 

e«jC3^5^^ woddavuni, see ajcnsdj^. 

z^zid^ wodduni, see Zjorfo^. 

2»jd wodde,^. Wetness, moisture. 

adj. Wet; 6/ ^^. 
Eo^ wona, see ^^. 
2*j^s5 wonape, see Zjc^-A. 

co^jD* wonar^, i'. An art, skill, 
cunning. 2. means, device, 
attempt. — oscSo a contriver, 
schemer; also ^oo?i5. 

2«^'S)o^d wonantara, see ^?i. 

2o3Jr^, Zo5J. , z^-si.f\ wopage, woppa, 
woppage, adv. Jointly, in 
company with. adj. {'^'^ 
Joint; accessary; neighbour- 
ing. Zo^riv^crocSo a companion, 
attendant. s^A 5S)^,?33o3o born 
of the same parents, a brother. 

z^jtiOD wopala, see zj'^^<sjd. 

eo^od woppanda, ^. An agree- 
ment, contract. 2. an alli- 
ance, treaty. 

2«3l^d woppasale, s. Flattery. 

ZoSj^4c^5 2oo^ol3i)S^^ woppavuni, 
woppiyavuni, e. v. {of 2^^^>) 
To cause to consent or agree. 

2. to persuade, prevail upon. 

3. to level. ajs:s^ii ^'oc^ a level- 
led field. 

Zih^ woppi 


E«0 wora 

Zih fi woppige, s. Consent, as- 
sent, agreement; compliance. 

to^oijo^, 2o^o3J3r?j^ woppi- 
yuni, woppiyouuni (2^-^), v. a 
To admit, acknowledge; to ac- 
quiesce in. I'. ?z. To agree to, 
assent, consent. 2. to comply 
with. 3. to be fit, suitable. 
4. to resemble. 

lo^, woppu, s. Signature. — s:^ 
"0S> to sign. 

2o^'e) sj^ wopportu, see Zo^^r^r. 

io2o oiir^, 2oUos5 wobbaatige, wo- 
bbaute, s. A single man. adv. 

lo^A^ womma, zVz//". of surprise. 

co^j^a wommuta, .y^^ Sjczix)^. 
2. harmony, unanimity. 3.^^^ 

aodv^womme, sec Sjo^. 
£oCio^ woyana, .s^^ ^oii?:'. 
SoOoj^jo^ woyaluni (SjocJo^), f. n. 

To reel, stagger. 
ojOSj woyi, see ^So. 2. a pole, 

e«05.^ woyite, ^^^ s-'-^. 
2»j03jfo woyina, 56?,2 ^cdo^. 

loOSo^JF^ woyipane, s. A kind of 

wooden comb to pick lice with; 

also ^s\n^t. 
cs,o2).SjT^^ woyipavuni, c.v. {of 

2oosjs?,j To cause to draw or 


t-05-^i)Jj woyipuni, v. a. To draw, 

pull, drag. 
loOS-^J25f woyimale, i". Feigning, 

pretence; insinuation. 

£oO&ja* woyili^, s. The force or 

velocity of a stream etc. 
2o05jI?s* woyisilij, see aj§>?^. 

Io05j;^^, t«o5j;^jsr20fi woyisuni, 
woyisonuni, .y^^ ^j^^io^. 

£oOJ:o woyya, «'?z//'. A sound ut- 
tered by labourers by way 
of encouragement when draw- 
ing anything very ponderous. 
—zxTk)?i to utter this sound. 

2oOoJc«^o^woyyaluni,ir^6 2-«oe;os.. 

2o03jD', Fg woyyana, see ^ocso^. 

loOiJSpd woyyara, s. Coquetry, 
affectation, foppery. — ^vo^^, 
z^'jiJi^zjK to be affected ^r 

SoD* woru, ;zz^w. One, single, 
solitary, esp. in cpds^ as 
— 5r^ one eye etc. 

'i^x^ woru, see ^"^o. 

SoO wora, adv. Once, at once. 
—^'^ each time, now and then. 

z^^zkf, Zodosjj worantu, woran- 
tu, J. Hatred, ill-will. 2. re- 

goOcEio^worantuni (ZoTicO), v.n. 
To hate. 2. to retaliate. 

2oO=5 woraka, ^. Gold leaf; gilt. 

ZiZ'u- woraka, s. A watery place. 

loCn' woragu, s. A cushion to 
lean the back upon. — t^o?! a 
wooden seat with a back. 

2odrij?i woraguni (2^"^a), i-. «. To 
lean the back against or upon 
anything, to recline. 

z^^j'iij^ woratuni i'^'^^), v. n. To 
wrangle. 2. to importunate. 
3. to haggle; cf. s-douos. 

Sod wora 


Sod wore 

z^dd worada, s. A collection, 
subscription; cf. ZjoB-R. 

evdE^s^ woran^, s. A pagoda, coin 
of four Rupees. — eoore gold 
below the highest touch. <^ 
#^e&— a coin of the value of 
13 gold fanams. 

tjCa, Z0DD3 worata, worata, s. 
Urgency, necessity; pressure. 
2. an urgent demand; im- 
portunity. — 2lel3 a notice of 
demand for collection of rent. 
— -rfjs^o^?) to demand, impor- 
tune, urge. -^j^^Tio— a peremp- 
tory demand. 

&jdl worate, s. The name of a 
female demon. 

lodcs'seJ woradata, s. Mutual 
wrangling, disputation, or 

£odc3e)3i0?i woradaduni (So-dcroS), 
v.n. To wrangle, contend, 

Soda woradi, see ^a~ 

Eoddo^ woraduni, see 3j3ior^. 

£odc5^ worani^, see Zj-d^. 

lodZos:' worabel\i, s. Rice once 
cleared of its husk only. 

jodo* woralu, s. A large mortar. 
2. see ajTjf. 

2«ds3 worale, s. A termite, white 

£od;^j6, tod;;!^worasare, worasale, 
s. A kind of sham-fight in 
connection with a temple- 
festival, —^l^^, —SjScSoS) to 
play this sham-fight. 

2od3o woraha, see 2j"df5*. 

Sodv^ woral^, s. The plough- 
man's song. — croQsS)^, _ 2o05o 
4^1, — sjDtl)?) to sing such a 

2oDtiC3^, SoDDCa worad|j, worada, 

see Zjt^zi. 

ZoUDt^ worany, see zsdf^. 

ZjQ wori, adj. Single, solitary. 

Zj^=§ worike, see 2o6^. 

SoSoS'S^^^, SoSj-SFS^^ woripavuni, 
worpavuni, c. v. {c^f SjQ^S)) To 
spare. 2. to protect. 3. to 
assist, help. 

SoS^^, SoOodjj^ woripuni, wori- 
yuni(2^Q), v.n.Yo remain, be 
left. 2. to survive. 

SoSsS, SuDsSo* woripe, woripel^, 
s. Remnant, adj. Remaining. 

2oOo3j, SooS.F woriyejworye,//!?. 
A single or solitary man. 
emph. —CO, —^ alone, singly. 

Sodj woru, s. Features, form, 
mark, shape. — siAtio^, — ;^S 
^e?3^ to be changed, as one's 
features. — si^c^ to recognise, 

Eodo^j woruva, see Sjs^f. 

eodjsTsd woruvara, adv. Once. 

£o6 wore, s. A scabbard, sheath. 

oo6o=cto^ worenkuni (2o-5o^), ^/. n. 
To roll on the ground, in the 
dust or mire; also xSos'oS). 

£06^2;* worekall^, s. A touch- 
stone; (7/j>i9 eojiSg'^. 
' 00 

2o6=^J36 worekore, s. Oblitera- 

Zj6 wore 


SodjF wordu 

lod'io^ wore^uni, see So^Xo^ 
Zo6^^ worepuni, see if0^4^. 
Zo6t>zf worepel^i, see Soas!^. 
2»i6^?j worevuni (2^^), v. a. To 
rub, wipe, cause to corrode. 

2. to tease, trouble; c/. zn^^oi. 
Zo^ajj^ woresuni (Sj^oj), v. n. To 

dimiuish, wear off. 2. to glide. 

3. to fail. v.a. To rub, wipe. 
£*j'^roD3* workann^, s. A single 


So^rQ workadi, adj. One sided. 
2. partially developed. — ^e^ 
a drooping cr languid person. 
—^^^Ji to cut or pare on one 
side of any thing. — 3i20or^ to 
develop gradually, as a creep- 
er or the kernel of a tender 
cocoanut. — sstjcosj one half 
of a cocoanut. 

2«^rd workade, .?. A stick in 
the manure. 

2«5e)rD* workar^, s. A single 
leg. -5 eAJo^S) to stand on 
one leg. 

^^i=t^oFo^3 workumbe, <^^/^'. Alone. 

Eo=^f^^ workenni, s. One of the 
cheeks or temples. — ^o©j 

isAt worga, 5-. A class, commu- 
nity: a tribe. 2. a proprie- 
tary land. 3. [mere.) the 
ledger (Ijook). 4. transfer, 
shift. — ^sdtS. — crooSo. _c!3i5 a 
proprietor, landlord. — ^Lri 
to be transferred; also ^Xr. 

2oAr^^ worgipuni (a^^^!^), r'. «. 
To arrange or classify ac- 

counts in the ledger; also 

lofior^ worguni {'^^^), v. n. To 
agree (any food) with one's 
stomach. 2. to have a relish 
for a particular dish. 3. to 
agree with a proposition. 

toi^rsS, ZoAs^F^ worgele, worgole, 
J". A man who can relish or 
digest anything. 

a>jr^J3^r& wora^ori, s. The first of 
a breed of fowls. 

toZdr worja, see -dzir. 

^o^o^^^ worjipuni, see zi^rs&S). 
^o^^^ worna, see ^r©r. 
Eo^r worta. see Sj'rf^. 

2o«Br worti, pron. A single 

Zjtr worte, i^^^ Sj'^^- 2. see 20^. 

lodr worda, ^^. Bent, crooked, 
tortuous, uneven. — ©jsLtj to 
cast a side-glance, to leer; to 
squint. — 5:T):Sor"j to place 
crookedly. — ^irfo?) to talk 
evasively — eo^s'rfjs* to fall 
obliquely; also rizir. 

Sodf^oi^ ^^ wordangelUj^^y. Crook- 
ed, curved; inclined, bent. 

EoCj-df^c^ wordavuni, c. v. {of Sj 
Eilj^^) To incline, slope, form 
with a slope. 

Eo^F wordi, s. Report, news, 
intimation. — ^jsLr^, ^jo&a 
4^ to report, intimate; also 

EoCjjf^ worduni (--•Sr), t-. ;z. To 
bend, bow. 2. to lean on one 

2oc3r worde 


tj^ wola 

ZjdF^^ wordelu, (rdj. Bent, ob- 
lique, s. A bend, crook. 

todrd wordele, s. A capricious 

Zj^f worna, s. Shape; see ^rer. 
2o^Foj 6=^^^ as before. 

Zj^Fii wornaga, adv. Formerly, 
once upon a time. 

toc5e)F'S wornali,.y. A single pulse 
or artery. 2. the uvula. 3. 
a swelling in one of the ker- 
nels of the throat ; c/. f^^sreS. 

SoSJr$3 worpale, s. A lean, thin 
man. 2. a single leaf. 3. a 
mat made of single palmyra 
leaves. 4. a small mat for 
one person; cf. 2o2ors?. 

Eoe^Fcl worpude, .?. Torment, 
trouble. 2. one side. 

^oc^5^t3 worpude, s. A single load. 

z^ttF worpe, see SoSS. 

Zi'^F^^F^ -oj-^^^d^ worportu, 
worpoltu, s. Half a day. — rf 
£3?e3 half a day's labour; 
work that can be finished 
within half a day. 

toZJF^ worbadi, adj. Single. 
_^ooWo a garment, a small 
piece of cloth, adv. Whole, 
all over, entire. 

'a)2Jrs3, EoZjrs? worbale, worbale, 
s. A single slip of a bamboo. 
2. a bangle. 

ZoWora worbuddhi, s. Union, 

t»>2Jor^ worbule, s. A single crop. 
ZaZpD^A worbhao^a, s. A single 

part, portion or division. 

2<.doF worma, s. A vital organ 
or member; also ^^r. 2. 
a secret. — ::: secret; pricking; 
vital. — 3^ 2=iv)F;avital part. — - 
33sid a secret that will affect 
a person. 

£.j^OFrf wormara, .y. The trunk of 
a tree lopped of its branches. 

e^s3jf, co^ofsj^ worme, worme- 
la, ad7'. Throughout, every- 
where, all over. 

SoOJjF worya, s. Remainder. 
_^orfj=- conclusion. ~7io=aki 
dangerous sickness. 

t^^Fworla, s. A seer, a measure 
equal to eighty tolas. — Ecre5 
a seer of paddy. — 23i)5c33o3o 
(/zV. a man worth a seer of 
paddy), a worthless man. 

So^JF^ worluni, see 2odor?i. 

ZjZjF worva, s. Crookedness, adj. 
Oblique, slope; e/. Sj-S. -o\)o 
^Ooi to stand crookedly. — sjd^ 
■rfo^ to talk evasively. 

LoSJSFd worvara, see aj-rfo^ro-d. 

£o?jF worsa, s. A year; also -^^y- 

SoO'orlo^ wolijnguni (Sj(5oK), t-. ?i. 
To move in a circle or to 
and fro. 

Lo^o/ij^ wolauguni (Zj^oK), v. ii. 
To incline, lean. 

Zi^otfo, Ege-)Qds3 wolandala, wo- 
landale, .y. Swoon, fainting. 

2*i^o^, Lo^sj^ wolampu, wolapiji, 
s. Cleanliness, purity. 2. af- 
fectation in walking. 

£0^)0^^ wolapuni (^sj), v. a. To 
love. 2. to fondle. 


2*i^ wola 


tjfi wosa 

ZoOSjJSoaj wolamayi, s. Pasture. 
-.;:t;-±)^ to tie cattle for graz- 
ing; also ifo^-^jsos^i. 

Loo^o, e^jiW^Sj wolame, wolume, 
s. Affection, love, kindness. 

Zo^ny woldiS\}., adj. Putrid, stink- 
ing, dirty, unclean; also ^j^e^cJ- 

tj^D wola, tnij. Behold! lo! 

oj€) oli, ^f^ affix to verbs Diean- 
ing can, e.g. ^o^j|s^23 can 
make, or can be made; tf^^ 
4fl>^ can go; ^e^SjjsS can read, 
etc. {ppp. io '^^ cannot). 

2*jO well, s. A cadjan leaf used 
to write upon. — ^ ^"^'^ ^ 
basket made of cadjan leaves. 

£o€)3^ wolipu, s. The skin. 2. 
the skin of a snake. 3. shape. 
— ^s|^^) to cast off the skin, as 
a snake. 

aoC)^^ wolipuni (^«5), v. n. To 
be possessed with a demon. 

£>iSs5 wolipe, s. Gratuitous sup- 
plies to persons of distinction. 
2. a present, gift. —€:hl,F^ to 
give a present; also ifoe-^. 

aoO^jd v/olimade, s. A place 
where devil-dancers are paint- 

ZsiSoiiO^ woliyuni (2^«5), v. n. To 
favour, be kind, as superiors 
to inferiors. 

So^jorlj^ wolunguni, sec Sj2JoXo^. 

Lo«3 wole, pi. of Sjc^s. 

aosS^.woleppu, see «3^. 

Zot;^ wolpa, see Sj^o. 

to55j wolpe, s. Purity; of. So^jos^. 
2. sec ZjCt. 

£o23> wolbe, s. A kind of paddy- 
2od wolme, ^i?^ Zj<v:)-£o. 
£o^ rsr^ wollanige, i'. A cloth 

en . ' . . . 

covering the privities. 

waD ?c^ wollasu, see croe^s ri. 


£o0 wolli, s. The sheet, ?*. e. a 
broad piece of cloth, used 
for covering the body in bed. 
2. a laced cloth for wearing; 
also 2o«3. 

ZosS , Zj^, wolle, wolle, i". A water- 
snake. 2..?^^ 2o^. 

aos3=^J3a wollekodi, ^. A medi- 
cinal plant JJemecylon am- 

ix.'d wolve, s. Resemblance, simi- 

£o5^ wovu, intg. pron. Which? 
what? 2o4e'3 whatever, any- 

^o^s;*o wovulu, see Sj<s*j. 

lo^ wosa, ^. Charge, possession. 
2. subjection; also ^^- -£?b» 
to pass into possession, to 
submit; to be facinated, 
charmed. — -sSo^o^^j to take 
charge of; to subject, subdue; 
to gain over, enchant, charm, 

2«l»^23^, ^ol•^®, £o^?© wosily, wo- 
sili, woseli, s. Bias, partiality; 
also ^5?22. — -^io^o,^?) to be par- 

2«?;jr?, £o?;;cJj, E^jJiooJ wosage, wo- 
saya,wosaye, s. News. 2. the 
ceremony of sending a mes- 
senger to a girl's husband 

j^ji^o wosa 


tjo^ wonte 

or parents, with the news 
of her attaining puberty. — ^ 
tS^rfosi to send such a message. 

£o?iD^ wosar^, s. A spring, foun- 
tain. ^^— a fountain-head. 
?io5— an oozing or trickling 
spring. sSi^— a lateral spring. 

E^ji^do^ wosaruni (Sj?^^), v. n. To 
ooze, leak. 

Soro^o* wosili^, see Sj?)?^. 

&j;i;Jj3e;o wosulu, s. Collection or 
recovery of any dues; also 
T5:dj3e)j. — ^o^Ov^^ to collect, 

Zi^ wola, adj. Inner, internal. 
2. secret, private; also ^^. 
— "^jj intermeddling ; collu- 
sion, conspiracy. 

To submit, obey. 2. to adhere, 
as to a party. 

^oS^^iJ^3J wolaguttu, s. A secret, 

z^^'&^J' wolacili^, s. A grove. 

under-wood; a fenced wood 
near a house; also <v^ 6. 

Sos;^ 550^0, wolamattu, s. The in- 
ternal measurement of a given 
area, or of a hollow thing. 

Zj^^:^f\F wolamarga, s. A by- 
path, footpath; also zto^tS^iKf. 

Zo^^, ZjVsz^ wolavu, wolavu, 
s. Curve, bend; inclination. 
2. the mind, secret thought. 

E*j^5JJ0o£)O* wolamundil^, s. The 
inner courtyard of a house, 

2aj^?oc2§, Zj^rio"^-:) wolasarici, wo- 
lasancu, s. Collusion, conspi- 
racy, plot. 

2»j^?dJ3^, wolasiitra, s. The inner 
frame of a door or window. 

Zj^ well, ^. Light, splendour. 

^oS?^N wolepuni (aj^), v. a. To 

ZoS^s^^ wolevuni, see ov)e3^.^. 

^o^_^, Ik,'^, ^^Jo' ^^ wolt^, 

wolta, woltu, wolpa, see ^^o. 

2«^,=^J3<2i wollekodi, .y^e aj^^jsB. 


ij wo, The twelfth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written 4«e- 
tj wo, intj. 0! oh! as^ §j od^js 

ORama! §o ess^ mother! 
ioo^cS wonkade, s. An effort to 

vomit, retching. 2. heav- 


ing of the belly. — s'owo^^ to 


To listen. 2. to overhear, 

Loai wonti, ^^^ Sjo^. 
ioo^ wonte, J". A kind of large 


f I r 

wonte 100 

2. a pipe made of 

)do wodya 

thin reed 
Ijo^ wonte, see Sjy. 

loo^s^)^ wontepuli, i". The sour 
fruit of Garcina cambogia\ 
also coxif^^^, 5^r^<9. 

iootio wondu, {abbr. of §o's*ocrfo) 

Where is it? 
Lo3 wonti, ^. A blood-sucker, 

salamander. — *J^„ a swell- 

ing of the face. — sjb^ a 

kind of fish. 

£o^^, i)=aj^ wokali, wokuli, s. 
Crimsoned turmeric water. 
— sfy squirting this red li- 
quid upon passers by etc. at 
the conclusion of an impor- 
tant temple festival or of a 
marriage; also O'-drf. 

ti=#j:r30^ wokonuni (§Jtfw^oe), v. a. 
To answer to a call. 

tjZS^JSr?^^ wononuui, see ho-RfSd^. 

toed woci, s. A pair, couple. 
— o:]Dtl)r^ to pair, couple. 

loti, i^nri woja, woja -sa, s. Light, 
splendour. 2. strength. 3. 
bravery, valour. 

tj23i) woj.ja, m/y. Hailing, calling 
out to a person at a distance. 

k^Zij wojiu, s. A tie, knot. — s:^ 
tSjfi to tie. 

tsLi wota, s. Running, race. 2. 
the current of a stream, sail- 
ing of a vessel. 

LeS^^ wotepuli, sce ho^^^. 

iazi woda, s. A boat, wherry. 
— crooSj a boatman. —^ ^^ a 

net for throwing from a boat. 
— -ji^o-doso a boat-shaped Avooden 

ioZiQ wodari, s. A potter. 2. a 
term of reproach implying 
want of sense. — ^e^rj. ~€^6 
the potter's work; a clumsy 
or ill-executed work. 

^^=5*ej^, wodikattu, s. A religious 
or social association of mem- 
bers of the same caste at 
board, festival, marriage etc.; 

cf. ^js^^JaII,. 
J ei 

io^SJ^, tocl) wodil^ji, wodu, s. A 

potsherd. 2. a tile. 
Lr^j^ woduni (^5), v. n. To 

run. £5e&— roots to spread 

in every direction. 
IjjI wode, see zsd. 

tod, Ijcln* wode, wodegu, adv. 

Where? cf. Sj^o. 
L^oSj wodreyi, abbr. of h^k^ 

■rfoeo; see §jc5. 
Lrl woni, s. A lane, alley. 
Lcl wone, see ennji. 

Lflco^oSjwonedaye, ^. An areca- 

nut planter. 2. the name of 

a caste. 3. a lame man. 
tocra^^ wodavuni, c v. {of SjzI)^) 

To cause to read, to teach 

how to read. 
Lari, '"(^t^^ wodige, wodu, s. 

Reading, perusal. 
tido^ woduni (^S), v. a. To 

read, peruse. &jSS 

read over to another. 
tiCor wodya, see ^^^. 

f^s> to 

ii^D wona 


L53 wole 


lo^"s);jO wonama, ^. The first 
letters with which a Hindu 
commences his studies, mean- 
ing 'I make oheisance to the 
Infinite'. 2. an alphabet. 

ij3Js«)s3 wopasale, see sjA,^^. 

toS3"3£) wopadi, adv. Like, ac- 
cording to. 

ti^ wopu, s. Polish, -rf ^«o3on 
a fine kind of sand used for 
polishing jewellery. — ^jal^r^), 
—srodjS) to polish. 

ijs3c3Da3v) wopedaye, pro. What 
man ? mij. A71 expression of 

tj23o* wobelijL, s. The song of 
women sung while transplant- 
ing rice-plants. 

^^zi^ woma, s. The seed of bishop's 
weed, common caraway, Si- 
son amomuni, Ptychotis ajo- 
luaji. 2. any small seed. 

Id^o woma, see ^j3?^j. 

LsiiOfj womana, adj. Darling, 
dear. s. Fondness, tender- 

LoSo woyi, intj. A polite form of 
§j used in hailing, or in ans- 
wering the call of a superior 
person. SjocJjs sir! 

LoSj^^ woyikkane, s. A quill 
of a porcupine. 

toodoo woyya, see Soodo^. 

tjDDy worata, see so^se^j^jy. 

ijD wori, s. A kind of whisky. 

ioD?^ w5rige,i". Grumbling, howl. 
2. tallness, height. 

LOoaos;^ , LQ'i;* woriyilli^, wo- 

rilli^, s. A hut. 2. a house 
with quarrelling inhabitans. 

tjeodoo^ woriyuni (^^), "'• «• 
To grumble; .y<?^ ajSs^o^. 

lorfo^ woruni (^j^), f. 7?. To 
prate, babble; to wrangle. 

to6 wore, adj. Crooked; bent. 

tod=^J35d worekore, adj. Oblique, 
uneven, irregular. 

to6^5^^, L6^4c^ worevuni, wo- 
rovuni (So^, h-Qsi),v.n. To be 
grumbling; to quarrel conti- 

iJdo<^^ woryuni, see Sjoodjo^. 

'%i^j\ wolaga, s. A royal assem- 
bly, durbar. 

\>i^T\ wolaga, s. A band of mu- 
sicians. — naoSo a musician. 
—■^^\^ to play upon musical 

tj^o3o wolayi, s. Menial service 
of Pariahs. — crooSo a menial 

L^o5j^^ wolayipuni (S^^Joso), 
V. a. To serve. 2. to do ho- 
mage, [ever. 

^SiJ'SOSJ wolayi, adv. Always, 

L© woli, ^. A festival in honor 
of cupid; bet. ^.'ses?. 

'^€)t\ wolige, see ^jseeS/^. 

ij0ojj, woliya, s. A furrow, 
trench in the earth made by 
a spade or pickaxe. — z^^^i 
to make a trench. 

tj^j wolu, adv. As, like. s. 
Likeness, resemblance. 

ijs3 wole, s. A metallic ear-ring. 
2. a palmyra leaf rolled up 

tje3 wole 


13^0 a^k 

and put into the hole of a 
female's ear. 3. a letter or 
epistle inscribed on a palmyra 
leaf. — 7:s J the carrier of such 
a message. — t^^^jaggorymade 
of palm juice. 

ij«3r( wolega, see SjOa. 

Ldrio^ woleg-uni (SjoK),:'. ??. To 
sit in state. 2. to lean, recline. 
3, to tremble as a demon- 

tj?3sijrso?T^ wolemanang^, s. A 
kind of fish, 

tJ^)(^ wolya, see Sj^Scrio. 

Ls^ wovu, intg. Which ? what ? 

tj3oJS^ woho, intj. Oh! oh! 

tj^A^ wolig^, adj. Flexible, pli- 

ij§?^ wolig-e, see ^^se^/^. 

tjvO wolu, adv. Where? — e^, Sj 
^J3es?0£i3, §jv3otle;3 anywhere, 
everywhere. Sjf^ 



^j cli wherefrom? whence? 
Sj^ of what place? 




where? whither? in 
place? whereabout? 
to^ wole, see h€>. 

?3 au, The thirteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

So^j^) aunkuni (§?=^), ^'. a. To 
press down. 

!3oeij auntu, s. Arrogance, in- 
solence, pride. 

Oo^i^ aumpuni (5j=), "'. «• To 
chew, mumble, bite softly. 

^JeJj autu, s. End, termination. 
-sy-L?. to be finished. 

Od aude, s. Dolichos catjang ; 

also 55^tf. 

O:^ auta, .s-. The letter §? in 
combination with a conso- 
nant, as in ^. — tf^sLra to 
combine it so. 


fJirs, Os^ autana, autana, s. A 
grand dinner. — rfo^o^^ to 
give such a dinner. 

Scjsoojr audarya- ^^^ srooaTj. 

IJa audi, i-. j-cii-' ©s^o- 

!3d^^ audreka, ^^^ ov)£,?^. 

Od aura, ^://". Light, not heavy; 

Cf. ^7<0o. 

O^^'oj^ ausakuna, see ©^Er^o;^. 

S?£!rf, !3s[qi, !3'^^, Sl^^j^ausada, 
aushadha, aushadhi, ausudhi, s. 
Medicine. 2. a drug. 

S^o ausa, see 2?crf-oj^. 
fl^o aulu, see ®4^o- 

^ ka 


tS^o^^ kanci 

=3* ka, The fourteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

=ao3'r3 kankana, s. A bracelet. 
2. a sacred string tied round 
the right wrist of a bride- 
groom or the left of a bride. 

^s'o^o'rs^'sd kankanakhara, s. Bo- 
rax used in soldering metal. 

T^o^s'r?!, t^o^o'rl kankani, kankane, 
s. A bracelet of gold or shell- 
lac, with prickly chasings. 
-20S? a shell-lac bracelet of 
similar form covered with 
Dutch metal. 

=^0"^^ kankane, adr. On the face, 

^c'ati kankappe, J'- A small ham- 
mer, especially used by gold- 

=3'o^2je3, kankabhatte s. The as- 
sumed name of Dharmaraja 
while residing in disguise 
with Virataraja. 

=5^o^D^^, =5^o50oJoo?i kankari- 
puni, kankariyuni (5^c55), 7'.n. 
To hawk, force up phlegm 
with a noise ; to clear the 
throat; to hem. 

^o-S-rl kankini, see ^^o^^pi. 

^0=3^0^,, ^o=^J3PS^, kankushta, 
kankoshta, s. A kind of fra- 
grant drug, used as a cos- 

=^o^:i^ kankula, J. The armpit. 

=uo=^ kanke, see "^ofrs^^^. 


3*0 n* kang^, s. The areca-nut 

'S'orira kang-ana, see 5'cajr®. 

=3*0^'^:*^, '^onszi^ kangali^, kanga- 
lij, adj. Destitute, poor. 2. 
weak. 3. inferior. —^^ po- 
verty, weakness. — cj'?^^)tobe 
poor; to become weak, or 

'^oT\^\ ^ol^^, =^oiid<ij, ^or\d^ 
kangilij, kangila, kangula, kan- 
gula, s. A kind of dancing 
among pariahs at a particu- 
lar season. 2. a song sung 
at the time. 

^oTidL) kanguri, 5. p]nchased tin 
foils used in decoration. 

^o23r3, =^o2C-2^ kannana, kannila, 
s. A small plate. — sie^oso a 
flat earthen plate. —2^^^^ a 
hollow plate. 

=^02^^, "^02^^, =3^o25e)^ karicala, 
kancala, karicala, s. The bitter 
gourd, Momordica charantia. 

=S'o^5 karici, s. The town of Con- 

'^oih karici, s. Gong-metal, bell- 
metal. — ^ej^ a vase. — 3^rfo^j 
Uj^ metallic utensilsof a de- 
mon shrine. — Ssid a lamp- 
post with circular tiers of 
lamps, — eoD3i?i a vessel made 
of that metal. 

TS*o255'3^Je>-S- karicikamakshi, s. 
The name of a goddess at 

=CTcaa karici 


"Sozzi: kanda 

=5oza^^oi^, ^^zz^^'^ kancikayi, 
kaDcipuli, s. A kind of bitter 
orange used in medicine, 

^oz&^^u kancikare, s. A kind of 

^oZcA^O kancigare, s. A worker 
in bell-metal, brazier. 

=CTcecr3, ^c'ota^ kancini, kancini, s. 
A dancing-girl. 

=Sotco* kanciliji, i". A vow made 
to a demon. 

=aotSj kancu, see "zo-tl. 

=CTOt;ikaDja, ^. A lotus. 2. 5^^ ^caio. 

=3'o2^£)m kanjalig-e, ^. A kind of 

^oto kanjij .y. A calf. 2. the 
pestle of a grinding stone. 
3. a sheaf of hay. 

'uo'S^sl'^:. kanjolu, s. A kind of 

=3*01^;^ kanjya, s. A bag or metallic 
vessel in which pilgrims put 
their offerings. 2. a wicker- 
work used for storing rice 

^oei kanta, see "zd. 

=CToej, =3'o£j?' kanta, kantaka, s. 

Danger, peril. 
t^oSj^ kantavu, s. An iron style 

used for writing upon palm 

T^cl3 kanti, see =Scq. 

TS'oijCoS-s^^kantiyavuiii, c. v. {of 
^ofe3cdoor"i) To stir up a quarrel. 

=5oIjCooj^, ^oL'Op ^kantiyunijkan- 
tyuni (^=^), -r. n. To quarrel, 
fight. 3cSj9^u a quarrel. 

=^c'c3s;^ kantel^, s. The neck, 
throat. --, -- e?3; swearing 
by the neck. 

=5'o£2r.'o kantyele, s. A quarrel- 
some man. 

^s^ciii kantha, s. The neck, throat. 
— ^-dj^r© up to the neck; swear- 
ing by the neck. — dj3°i an 
ornament worn round the 

^g^oSDC^^r? kanthabharana, ^. A 
kind of necklace. 

=aoDT!^c; kanthakshara, ^. A gut- 

tural letter. 
^c&, =ac&?jo kanthi; kanthisara, 

s. A necklace of gold beads 

worn by males. 
t?o&ddc3j kanthiraye, .y. The 

name of a certain king. — d^s 

fi a gold coin issued by him. 
=CT0Ci*, ^o^i^a kandii, kandi^di, 

adj. Stolen. — ^£';rf stealing; 

adultery, ^c5^i3^ a woman 

who has become pregnant by 

adultery, I'^g. 
=coC2*:3 kandu]i, see sSceS. 

"^oT^ kanda, s. A field. 

=5*020 kanda, see socr?. 

=3*o3^r^, ^o3«rl-kandani,kandanye, 

s. A husband, 
^odcl kandane, see soo-rffJ. 
^odh"^ kandapini, ahbr. 0/ "i^z 

=^cC3s)2o^, kandabatte, <3;^;. Con- 
sJ ■ ■ ■ 
fused, out of order. 2. un- 
reasonable, improper, adv. 
Confusedly; at random; im- 

roUD kanda 




properly. ~--B(D7<or^ to roam 
about. — sj^j^iTJo^ to prate, 
prattle; to abuse; to speak 
b'ocS'S^^ kandavuni, sec ^jso-rfo 

=5^0^ kandi, s. A hole, opening. 

2. a window; cf. sooS. 
=5^01^3 kandita, see siz^^. 

^o^s^jd kandimara, s. The trunk 
of a tree cut down for sawing. 

=^ozij kandu, s. A thief. 2. a 
knave, rogue. 

=3^oCtor! kanduga, see a^otliX. 

^^ocsj^ kanduni (^^5), 7-. «. To 
take. 2. to steal. 

^0^ kande, s. A bulbous root. 
2. the stomach. 3. bottom. 
—'s^xjcit^ {lit. the stomach to 
evacuate), to be hard pres- 
sed, bothered; to be done 
up. — 3:sTio^'i, to suffer from 
colic. — -rfoA-doS) to grow or 
appear above the surface of 
earth, as the trunk of a cocoa- 
nut tree etc. 

^ouI^s'oIj, kandekutti, s. A dwarf. 

^CTodnDo kandegare, see ^c-rfo. 

^oilaoioo^ kanderiyuni (^'cifE), 
v.a. To make a cut. 

^ocls;'' kandelu, adj. Thievish, 
stealing. — ^fi thievishness, 

. theft, ^ctfe? a male thief, s'o 
^s^J a female thief. 

^odJSr^j^kapdonuni, 7,'. ref. {lit. 
to take for oneself) To steal, 

=g'oD3* kann^, s. The eye; the 
sight, vision. 2. the nipple of a 
breast, pap ^/6\ 3. a rent, tear. 
4. the eye of a needle. 5. the 
star in a peacock's feather. 
-uj ss:^ out of sight. -=^ <^^J 
the eye-lashes. —'^ '^:}-^:)'i;i:i, 
_:i t5^ the eyelids. — :i "^jsS, 
_rf doo^ the outer corner of 
the eye. — rf ^^'^t — ^ ^^■^rf the 
eye-ball. — ^^ a speck in the 
eye. —^ ^"3 a film on the eye. 
—^"^OF the rheum of the eyes. 
— d e?°5. — rf e^jscd, _a djaje? 
the pupil of the eye. — rf ajo^o 
the eye-brows. — ^?5 tears. 
— ^e5 d4^S) to shed tears. — d?^ 
sore eyes. — ^-^^ liberality, 
prodigality; eagerness. — 's^ 
E§ e3 a man given to winking. 
— ;6j3oj3 a beck, wink. —53^^^ 
an estimate made by looking 
at a thing, a rough calcula- 
tion. 2j^— a squint, leering. 
^o-doii:— a blind eye. i2°t6— a 
sickness in which the eye- 
lashes fall off. ~'J^-£S ^^?L^, 
—SiZsaS i§peb^ to become blind. 
_2j^j S) to wink. — 2o35 5 =§ji> 

—O — o 

^rs) to instigate, encourage 
by winking. — ^wo^si to blind- 
fold, deceive. —5^4^) to stare 
vacantly, be puzzled. —^-■^ 
■do a, —^j^o^Oo), _^jsT?e3od00cS to 
doze, be sleepy. — a^s^^o), — soj 
c^Ov^rj, — ^0Je;^4^j to open the 
eyes. — s:3^0w to swoon. —'^^ 
e3s$s> to stare. 




=a-C3o kandu 

=5'cr3*o2cc; kannijinberu, s. Talk- 
ing in sleep. 

'uom^'ukf, kannukatty, s. Blind- 
folding, deception. 2. jug- 
glery, conjuration. — trooSo a 

^ora kanna, see "SoTi. 

^orsoEJdo^ kannambaruni (^cf«o 

2oS), t'. ?^. To talk in sleep. 
^cCo^ kannadi, see rc^ia. 

=g^or2(awOJ5i, rorsdjA^j kannadi- 
yuni, kannadyuni (3=cp©S_), z-. ??. 
To be confused, perplexed. 

=aoT2^J?>^'^ kannamalu, s. The 
morbid secretions of the eye. 

=Soro'sd kannare, adv. With one's 
own eyes. 2. clearly, dis- 
tinctly, —sjihrj to see for 
oneself; to see clearly. 

^crS kanni, s. Fibre. 2. gummy 
exudation from the outer ; 
fibrous covering of a cocoa- ; 
nut. —-^"^ Caryota urens. ' 

=^cCc!OS:^j kannuccu, s. A kind of 
insect, infesting the eyes. 

=5*of|j35t2 kannoji, .s^^ ^cfj^^^. 

^05* kantu, ^. An instalment 
or stipulated period of pay- 
ment, —ttj a written con- 
tract to fulfill an obligation 
by instalments. — ^<o^^ to 
agree to pay a debt by in- 
stalments; to fix, settle. 

?'o3*,=aoskant^, kanta, ^. Depth. 
2. a precipice, steepness, adj. 
Deep. 2. precipitous, adv. 
Deeply. 2. precipitously. —^^ 

?;^ to fathom the depth of 
water. --o-Lf-to plant deeply. 

=aos^Ikantane,(2<://'. Inclined, bent 
downward. — ^jsW^ a spade 
the edge of which is inclined 
inward. — ^?E:^ to walk with 
downcast eyes. ' 

=g=o3Dd;^ kantavuni, c.v. (o/'^o 
^^) To cause to fall or sink. 
2. to prick. 3. to offend. 

^oso kantu, see ?c§. 

=aosv^ kantuni ("=^), v. n. To 
sink, go down. 2. set, as the 
sun etc. 3. to be pricked, 
as with a thorn, razor etc. 
4. to take to heart. 5. to be 

"uot'O^ kanteli^, s. Sinking. 

=^oCj^ kand^, adj. Dull, faded. I 
2. inferior. — sf,t^ inferior 
silver. — ^e^^o^ to fade; to be- | 
come pale. 

=5o£3*=5', ^oCj^ kand^^ka, kandaka, 
s. A ditch, trench. 

^ocio^i kandambi, i'. The excre- 
ment of a new-born child, 
calf etc. 

=0oC3^aJo kandaya, s. A space of 
four months. 2. assessment, 

=^oC3Ddj?) kandavuni, c. v. {o/^o 
r^O'-j) To render dim or dull. 
2. to deteriorate the actual 
state or quality of a thing. 

=aodo kandu, see ^o5. 

=aocio2i kanduni (^-S), v. n. To 
fade, wither; to be wan. 2. to 

=uoz3 kande 


=3*0^00 kammu 

become dim or dull. 3. to be 
vexed, annoyed. 

^ozia* kandeli^, s. A pitcher, 
large pot. — Sio^jsa a drun- 

=^od2^20J?dj kandel\iburu, s. A 
kind of creeper. 

=aodJ3a kandodi, s. An adder, 
viper, —^ogs^i wicked people. 
2^K,— a broad hooded snake. 
3^rfo— a erev coloured snake. 
ae5_ a water-snake. ^^«3— a 
yellow spotted snake. — so^sTiio 
a kind of creeper. 

^Q-^ kanna, .?, A hole. -WotSL?) 
to bore a hole. 

=ffoF^Ca kannada, s. The Canarese 
language, adj. Of <?;* belong- 
ing to Canarese or Canara. 

"^^o-^xir^ kannadaka, s. A pair of 
spectacles, an eye-glass. 

^ON^ kannadi, s. Glass. 2. a 
mirror. 3. a pair of eye- 
glasses. — soiy a network for 
suspending earthen vessels. 
—20^ a glass bangle. 

^'o^dcdjo^ kannadeyuni, v. n. To 
suffer from morbid secretion 
of the sore eyes. 

'S'oF^^D* kannader^, s. A class of 
Canarese speaking Sudras. t?c 
^"d a man of this class. 

=^0^ kanni, see xforJ. 

"^0^=^ kannike, see ^n^. 
^Of^JS^cS kannoji, .y. A class of 

professional thieves from the 

ghauts. 2. a rogue. 
^ooj kampa, sec Aosi. 

=CTosi kampa, s. Agitation, tre- 
mor. 2. hesitation. 3. terror. 
^ja— an earthquake. Ti'sp— 
diffidence in public speaking, 
"SozjD^ eooS^^ to frighten ; a 
fish to draw away the fishing 
tackle, when it has caught 
the bait. 

=5^oajodoj^ kampiyuni (^ol3), v.n. 
To tremble, quake, as with 
fear. v.n. To make a notch. 

=^o2J, =CTo2^ kamba, kambha, see 

^osocj*", "^aVJiiU^ , =3'oEC5553* kam- 
badyi, kambadi^, kauibap^^, see 

^ozS kambi s. The borders of a 
cloth. 2. a flat bar of iron. 
3. a wire. — jSs^?), -sieili^ to 
run away. 

=5*02000, =3*0200^;^ kambula, kam- 
bula, s. A bullock race in a 

3*0232^ kambecci, s. A steel plate 
with holes for drawing wires. 

=^o23ojr kamberlu, s. Demons 
worshipped by pariahs. — ^j^ 
Wo a hut of such a demon. 

=cto22j3^ kamboli, s. A blanket. 
— ^& a species of hairy cater- 

=^os:^j kamma, s. A pillar, post. 

^0^336 kammare, i'. A black- 
smith, [fective. 

T^oC)J kammi, adj. Deficient, de- 

=5'osio:)-S-odojkammukimmu, infj. 
Disturbance caused by talk- 

^os3o kamme 


=oZi kaca 

=70^^?-, =CTo^-?^ kammena, kam- 

yana, see ^^^?i. 
^o^^ karnka, s. The state of | 
being to burnt ^r singed. —^^ , 
tr^ to fry, roast. 
=^o=^-^>o karnkallu, s. Gravel,' 

hard sand. ' 

=3=0=^ vrc^o^j karnkadi^ni (^o^rS), | 

^'. a. To burn. 
^c-^D^^y karncavuni, c. v. [cf. i 
?oe^j-^) To cause to burn 
to cinders. ! 

=5'G^=.r^ karncuni (^csio^), 7'. /z. \ 

To be burned to cinders. 
=^o8J?^ karnta, J. Obstinacy ; ha- ; 
tred, grudge, -^^o^^ to be , 
obstinate ; to have a grudge. 
?'o£j?''^4?> karntavuni. c.v. {of 
^ouora) To blacken, scorch. 
So&ior^ karntuni (*^«3r), v. n. \ 
To fade, become pale: to be 
^crl^ karnde, s. The shrub 
Sphaeranthus hirtus. —33^^ 
■rf the tree Carissa carandas. 
^zit^x;, karmpakki, s. A kind 
of small bird frequenting a 
sugarcane plantation, [cane. 
=aoWjr karmbu, s. The sugar- 
^ozojrd karmbuda, see '6^^:>oz:^n. 

^ffozjo':'^ karmbuni iy-'^^), ''• ^. 
To mutter. 

=CToi2r?jj karmbelu, ^. A stingy 

"uori kanise, i-. Krushna's uncle. 

^^ ^^ik kakka, kakka, s. Sedi- 
ment. ^;;^aO^J::;— putrescence 
of sardines. 

^=^'J kakkata, s. Constant 

t^-^.t^'z-^Jj kakkabikkare, s. 

Alarm" fright, adj. Crooked. 
^51) t kakkare, see ^j^^'^-S. 
=5'^£^4rJ kakkavuni, c. v. {of^^^^ 

r.) To cause to vomit. 
^^ij:, kakkuni (5^^), 1'. a. & n. 

To vomit. -^— to emit poison. 

as a serpent. 
^^0,;^^ kakkusi^, s. A privy. 

—riz^\?j to go to stool. 
^^ kakke, s. A crow, raven. 

— ^.»eQ a black kind of fowl. 

— -rfo-droso a kind of black 

shelled oyster. 
^^ kakke, J". Cassia fistula. 

—■^■6 its tree. 
^€,ccl2;« kakkendeli^i, ^. The 

shrub Canthium parvifiorum ; 

Citrullus colocynfhis. 
1 ^€j?,^?^ sd:^ kakkokasastra, i'. 

1 tj- _ <z9 

A treatise on women. 
=CT2j:r2 kanaria, see ^c3:r«. 
^zS^sS kacakaca, ^«//". A sound 
produced, as when kneading 
any glutinous substance. — ^js 
, ssirr^ to tread or knead any- 
' thing to a jelly. 

^^^^ kacakka, s. A sound pro- 
I duced by a stone falling into 
i mud. 

' =^e^?.2^, =5"^^oec kacapici, kaciku- 
ci, s. Confusion, disorder. 2. 
I reducing anything to a jelly. 
I adj. Gummy, sticky. 3. zig- 
zag; difficult to decipher or 

^2/^ kaci 


=^^ kaja 

=5^2^^ kacita, see sosi;^- 
=^2^09 d kacura, see "^d^ ri, 
^a^jsd kacure, s. A clever man. 
'g'sS^O kaceri, i". A public office. 

g3£)j3^— the Tahsildar's office. 

So3d.t>5— the Collector's office. 
^2^=3^^ kaccakadi, s. A tortoise 

¥z^d kaccade, s. An outcast. 
=^25e) kB.6cl, adj. Green, unripe; 

raw. 2. silly, indiscreet. 

3. base, low. 

=^23^ ei kaccata, i'. Quarrelling, 
fighting; dispute. 

"B^tJ^do^ kaccaduni, "'. a. To 

^£3t)5^^ kaccavuni, ^. '6'. (^^zi^ 

ri) To join fast. 

^2^ kacci, see s^^^ • 

^ ... 

^s'e^ kacci, i". A notch, incision. 


— C3tl)^ to make a notch. 

=^25 =^c^ kaccikada, see ^^ ^£i. 
to ' . 

^2^ Cjs)o3j kaccidaye, .?. A native 


of Cutch. 
=3^2^j?i kaccuni (^^), "'. ^z. To 

be joined fast. v. a. To bite. 
^2^J3rf kacciira, i". A fragrant 


root of the Zedoary Zeruni- 
het or Curcuma Zerumbet ; 
Koempferia galanga. 
=t^2§ kacce, j^. The end or hem of 
a lower garment gathered up 
behind and tucked into the 
waist-band. —^\ix^ to fasten 
the under cloth behind ; any 
fluid to run down the rim 

while tilting; to turn the tail 

between legs, as a dog. 
^2;!o^^, ^s't^ioli kajantiji, kajanti, 

see ^?icO. 
=^tdosiocj* ^jj kajammadume, 5-. The 

tonsure of a child. 
^2d5* kajak^, ^. An oyster or 

cockle shell. 2. a cocoanut 

shell. ^j3?e^o— the shell of a 

black oyster. 
=3*1^^0 do ^ kajakuruve, s. A kind 

of basket. 
=S2i^ kajake, adj. Variegated 

with white and black, —^r-i^ 

Si white fowl streaked with 

=g^2d?5 kajane, s. The green stuff 

floating on stagnant water. 
=3*2^^0^ kajaruni, see "Sirjo^. 
=3^2;jsJ, =3^23d^ kajavu, kajavu, s. 

Rubbish, sweepings. 2. see 

=^239^5 kajane, see a^&SN. 

^22^ kajipu, s. Curry. 

=5^23 2;« kajilij, see ^■^6. 

t^^ kaje, s. A kind of grass 
growing on brackish soil. 
2, an acid substance accu- 
mulated on the teeth by 
chewing betel leaves. 

=5^2S kaJe, adj. Dark-red, reddish. 
— 55S> an inferior kind of rice. 

=S^2S^^ kajepuni (^^), v. a. To 
chew. 2. to husk with the 
teeth or beak. 

^2§do^ kajeruni (^^5), v. a. To 
waste, as time. 2. to lose, as 


^2E kaje 


sleep. 3. to delay, put off, as 

work or labour. 
=5^^2;* ka'eli^, i". The after-birth, 

i^k^^^X, ka>Ipuni (^-^), see 

=3^227)3^ kaj'Jatij, .y. North-west 

^t3D cio kajjaya, s. A cake made 
of rice, jaggery and ghee, 
zjoei— a sweet preparation 
consisting of dholl, gingely 
seed, jaggory, cocoanut, and i 

^•S, kajji, see X^. 

^tsJ5 d kajjura, ^^^ asSS. 

li'i, kajje, ^. Business, work. 

=^ddo^ kajjeruni (^|5), r-. n. 
To be interrupted, procrasti- 

=5*^'^^^:^ katukuti;, s. The noise 
produced in biting or chewing 
any hard substance. 2. un- 
easiness in the bowels. 

=5b*do;^ katumastu, sec aS^^. 

=^e3^y katakata, s. Babbling, 
chattering. — sjairiosi to chat- 
ter; to speak harshly. — is5 
^?) to laugh noisily. 

'^\Z'Ujf> katakkane, adv. Readily, 
su'ddenly, at once. — ^^^ 
to speak harshly. 

=^ei53 katale, s. The shopkeeper's 
open box for putting in cash. 

=c^e:D^o!3 katakuti, s. Confusion, 
disorder, disturbance. — ??s 
^^N lumber, things lying in 

confusion. — c3oB^3:Aj a quiet 

=5'^& katari, see s'TijS. 
^&je)d; katlvu, s. Reaping. 
?^e3^=CT kataksha, s. A glance, 

side-look. 2. mercy, favour. 

— ^.sea^^^ to show mercy. 

_o?L^ to regard with favour. 
=5^li?^ katina, .y^^ ^Sf^- 

^Ij'jIj katipiti, s. Wrangling. 
2. disagreement, misunder- 
standing. — 2cL^rs» misunder- 
standing to arise. — -rfo^o^Si 
to wrangle ; to haggle in mak- 
ing a bargain; to disturb, 
as by babbling. 

=5ei>d. =3^ejjsc, ^$2j5^d katura, 
katura, katora, adj. Harsh, 
severe, cruel; cf. ^3p«. 

=3^£i6j353or!i katkarohini, s. Black 
hellebore, Helleborus niger. 

^23*. katti^, s. A band, hoop. 
2. a tie, bandage. 3. a bundle, 
packet. 4. an order, com- 
mand; a regulation. 5. a 
bond. — 3^y,s5 a law, institute, 
usage, routine. — ^j5s5 fixed 
hire. — r,:§r^ to loosen a tie. 
— >?5g^S> to unfasten ; to cancel 
a rule. — -^^o^?) to make 
a resolution, or rule; to ex- 

=a^,=CTos:;j kattukamma, s. A fixed 

=^63*,^ 33 kattukada, sec *^^S^- 

=^£7, =5*^ kattukadi, i'. Determin- 
ation, settlement. 

=^hj^, kattu 


=a^, katte 


'^kf.'^d katt^kade, s. A final 
arrangement or resolution. 
— ^ finally, at last, on the ex- 
treme point. 

=3'b*,=ac5 katt^kathe, s. A fable, 
novel, romance. 

TS'b^.dooyj, kattijmuttu, sec ^rk> 

^^« s3^ katt^lme, see ^^^^- 

=3'b*,S3j)rj* katt^vas^, i'. A rough 
kind of cloth. 2. a piece of 
cloth to wrap up clothes elc. 

^£J, katta, s. A dam. 2. i'^^ ^^• 

=5^63, katta, .y^ie ^2:\,- 

^g' kattana, ^. An embank- 
ment. 2. any earth- or stone- 
work. 3. a building. 

=s^£j,r3e§^d^ kattanaciravu, s. A 


bag with divisions; also aU^o 

=^eJ,^rl) kattapuni, s. An em- 
bankment between rice-fields 
or across a water-course. 

T^e3,d kattalme, s. A building. 

^y.s? kattale, i". Custom, prac- 

5J • • • 

tice. 2, an order. 3. a rule, 

=^b'i =5^013, kattakutti, ^^^ ^b^^oki. 

^s'WD.ra kattani, ^. A necklace of 

a ■ ■ ■ 

five or seven strings of gold 
beads, each having a gold coin 
in the middle. 
^.^|^4?>^3,ttavuni, c.z'. {of. *wo^ 
^) To cause to bind or tie. 

2. to have a house etc. built. 

3. to supply. ^:5_ to supply 
with vegetables. 

=^b^,s^5) kattavuni (^^), i'-a. 

To winnow. 
=3*13 ri kattiffe, s. Fuel, firewood. 

^eio. kattu, ^^^ *^y 

=^yo,^„d kattuttara, .?. Adjust- 
ed— ° 

ment, settlement. 2. order 
command. 3. the pacification 
of a devil. 
=5eJo,^ kattuni (*^), ^- «• To 
bind, tie, fasten, secure. 2. to 
build, construct. 3. to set, 
as jewels. 4. to amass, as 
wealth. 5.todeposit,asmoney. 
6. to pay government dues. 
^13 5 ^jsbr^ {lit. to tie and 
give) to erect for another, 
as f^^ sS.o ^J3?ir^ to build 
a house for another; ^^SO^S 
^jsbrs) to submit voluntarily ; 
fTOnodo ^0 S t^jsbrN to refer a 
dispute for arbitration ; sjijs^ 
3^0 5 ^jshF^ to lease out a 
land. 3^0,5 DeL^ to store, 
amass; to forbear, as from 
showing one's pride. "^^^ 
sjst^osi to confine. ^13.5 ^jij^Tio^ 


to argue closely a point in 
dispute, to contest. 
^s^eJj.^^jiJj, kattumuttu, sec ^rfo 

aj is 


=S*^, katte, ^. A raised seat of 
earth ^r stone. 2. an altar. 3. 
an office. Ms^€^— a post-of- 
fice. ij3^^— an embankment 
round the tulasi plant. Tic^o 
'Sd— a custom-house. — 3i^o o> 
to suffer loss, be ruined. 


=^^, katte 


=^zi kada 

T^^^ kattevu, s. A flea. 
^BJ3.rso^ kattoauni, i'. refi. {of 

^wo^?,) To bind for oneself. 2. 

to supply oneself, z^irti— to 

commit sin. 
=a£3, =^£3. katle, katle, see ^y.^. 
'aGDD kathari, s. A dagger. 

^Srs kathiaa, adj. Hard, harsh, 
severe, difficult. — ji^rfj?)^ a 
cruel man. — ^i^iri a severe 
---t?A a serious 




^SijjXo 5 c? he cut it at 




^^JS^dkatliora, adj. Severe, hor- 

^^r'ozSs:^ kaduDcilu, see ^p> -5. 

^z^ozS,, =acro^o3j kadunji, ka- 

dunjeyi, see X^-R. 
^w*oL-j kadumbu, s. A kind of 

=5^:^^02353 kadumbele, s. A miser, 

^Zift kaduta, s. A cut, incision. 

one stroke 
=^:i*s55 kadutale, se^: ^^Ti^. 
"uufrf kadud^j, see ?rS , 
=^:s^d)^ kadupuni, j^^^ Tsri^?^. 
=5^:2*^0 kaduma, i'^^ ^cido. 
=ctC?sSj kadijme, 5". Pride, vanity 

2. ostentation, vaunting. 
=^cs''?^?3, =r(:s*riD':3 kadusale, kad^- 

sale, s. A dovil-dancer's 

=azs^^^ kadustana, i'^"^ XScJ^?^. 
'uzi kada, i'. A loan, debt. — ^js 

ti^^ to lend. -:is -V to borrow. 

2. ^f.? 5T^s. 

=3^doCJkadaiida,i'. Grinding. — ^^ 
a grinding stone. — ^caS a 
grinding pestle. 

^uLoz:.^ kadambali^, s. The space 
behind the hearth. 

'^zioi:^^ kadambale, s. A kind of 
poisonous snake; also T?t5^«3. 

"^zi"^'^, kadakattu, s. Monetary 
transactions, lending and bor- 

=0*^3=^:5 kadakda, see ATiXri. 

=CTCir1 kadaga, s. A bracelet. 

^Cas kadata, s. A cloth covered 
with a composition of char- 
coal and gum, and used in- 
stead of a slate for writing. 
2. the skin. 

^c^dj kadadu, see ^S. 

=3*2^3^ kadapa, s. Distance. 2. 
about half a mile. 

'dd^jD^^ kadapavuni, c.t. {of"^ 
tisgr-.) To cause to pass. 2. 
to help one to ford a river. 

'^zit^ kadapu, s. A ferry. — "3^^ 
a stone placed across a stream 
for crossing over. — cscio a 

^zLti) kadapu, s. A rheumatism 
of the joints. 

=^C3^:3j?i kadapuduni, c. v. {of ^ 
ri^rS) To despatch, forward, 
send away, dismiss. ^T^s^rfj^ 
^jstrs* to accompany one for 
a short distance out of civil- 
ity; to follow the remains of 
deceased relatives to their 
last resting place. 

'ad kada 


=^dd kadu 

=^d^'^ kadapuni (^t^), "'. a. To 
cross, ford, pass. v. n. To 
elapse. 2. to surpass. 

"^dfy^if kadapelu, s. That which 
can be crossed over. 

^c^rlod kadapyade, see ^^5^. 

^c^sjo kadama, ^. A stag, elk. 

=a£^s3o kadame, s. Deficiency, de- 
fect. 2. remnant, adj. Less, 
deficient ; remainiuoj. 'S>'d _ 
difference, about, —^h?^ to 
become less, be diminished. 
— -rfos^o^Si to lessen, reduce; to 

^c^o3j kadayi, ^. A boiler of 

^dd kadara, s. The companions 
of a bride, bridesmaids. — ^ 
WJ,^ to choose a bridesmaid. 
— crof^ a bridesmaid. — =j ^Q 
odjsd a gift of four rupees to a 

=^s^dj^ kadaruni (*^5), ^. 7Z. To 
croak; to caw. 

^d'O^ kadalu, s. The sea, ocean. 
— ^^j, — ^3^ the sea-gull. — c^ 
e^soao the bone of a cuttle- 
fish. —?io^ the foaming surges 
of the sea. — ^isa? a sea-hog, 
dolphin. — srod a kind of fish. 
— -rfoS a sea-snake. — <3j?)^ a 

=5:^s3 kadale^i". Bengal gram, OV^;' 

. aridinum. t-^~ the ground- 
nut, Arachis hypo^ace. 

^d^ kadavu, i'. A turning-lathe. 
2. a w^ooden shoe. 3. a silver 
anklet. — ^dt^osj to turn in a 

lathe; to wear anklets, or 
wooden shoes. 

'z'dT^ kadasiji, see 7(rir3. 

^JS«)^a kadakadi, adj. Resolute, 
decided, strict, exact. 

^w^oao kadayi, see ^t^oso. 

=3^uii)d kadara, nee 3'^'^. 

^a'GDJ^ kadavu, see =^n^. 

=^0, kadi, s. An opening, pas- 
sage. 2. a small fragment, 
bit. 3. a small passage. — ^ 
WJjoi to block up an opening. 

=^^ kadi, i". Broken rice; adj. 

=^^s kadita, see ^S^. 

=CT(^^&Q3* kadicili^, ^^^ ^g^Q. 

=3^1^ do kadime, i"^t: 3^rf^o. 

=CT^oJj kadiya, ^t?^ s'acxjo, 

=s^(3oJoj^kadiyuni (5^^), ^'. ;^. To be 
cut in two. 2. to break down. 

3. to give way, as a dam. 

4. to dissolve, as friendship. 
=u^Q*', =^(^03Fjkadir^, kadiratana, 

see ^'cioS. 

=dQ,^^£2 kadivana, s. The bridle 
of a horse. 

^a^o* kadiri^, adj. First-born. 
~^^ primogeniture. — cro^o 
the first-born son. 

=aa^o* kadiri;i, s. The plant Stda 

=^do kadu, .y. Pungency; seve- 
rity. 2. excess; extremity. 
«^". Pungent. 2. extreme, ex- 
cessive. 3. severe. — ^e;^^, 
—zj^ri:)^ to poison the fish. 

— s'ji excessive trouble, —^l ^ 


^zi^ kadu 


^d kade 

very bitter, —"iji^tj excessive 
passion or anger. — 3;)o?s a 
very liberal man. — sbL a 
great sinner. —2^ excessive 

=a330c2s;D*^ kadumbary, s. Drowsi- 
ness, dreaminess. _c;)^o^ 
to talk in sleep; cf. s'ficeo'd. 

^3^0023 kadumbe, i"^^ s^rf^. 

^o^Csj^;, =a:«o^ kadupa, kadupu, 

see 3^^- 
^i^oi^:^ kadubu, j". A kind of 

'S's^Jdooeij, kadumuttu, s. Tbe 

extreme point. 2. severity, 

sharpness, adj. Extreme. 2, 


^ !.»«-9 

s^ec- travail. 

=aC3jS3«)05j kaduvayi, ^. A kind of 

'^zi:,'^ kaduve, s. A hero. 2. a 

courageous man. 3. a clever 

^Cso^^i kadustana, ^^^ XS^^^f^. 

^d kade, i". Verge, edge, margin. 

2. end, extremity <?/• point. 

3. place, side, direction, adj. 
Last, final, ultimate. 2. low, 
mean, -^aosj the fruit of the 
last crop, -free; (/^V. last time), 
end, death; evil; distress. 

. — ^jsScscB without head or 
tail; forlorn cir destitute; stu- 
pid, absurd, senseless. —33 
c^ a retainer, adherent. —^^ 
the last day; the day of judg- 
ment. —^-^-^Ti^j a low, mean, 
or stupid man. — NJ3?i3 a 
side-glance, leer, — sraoaj the 

corners of lips, — tf-tjior dis- 
qualification. — ?ic5 the hip, 
waist, esp. of cattle. — ^jstIj?) 
to come to an end, — ^jsbs) to 
witness the end or destruction 
of anything. — i;3?&:s4^) to 
threaten with evil. — eojs'do^ 
to avoid, escape; to recover; 
to get through a task. — efj?? 
■rfo^ to pare or lop the top. 
— ^j^j^S) to conclude, bring to 
an end. — ^:ra-doa (a. woman) 
to commit adultery, obsc. 
— tS:owj^^, — 4®o:io^ to come to 
a conclusion or decision. 
—t9i'^:>^ to finish, terminate. 
3=i§^ finally, at last. ^w€^ Q? 
?;^ to keep aside. ^c§^ *^^i\ 
^ to gather together in one 
place. 'SiS,^ €orfjr"i to be an 
adherent of. 5'L§^t§^ ulti- 
mately, finally, at the end. 
=5^? the very last, final. i?_ 
that side, ^^s— this side, ero^ 
05j:^ inside. S:3iO30rf_ outside. 

^doz^j^ kadencuni (^^^csa), r-. a. 
To knead. 

=ccl=CTCM* kadekanniji, s. The outer 
corner ^r angle of the eye. 
2. a side-glance, leer. —5 
^jst^ to look askance; not to 
be well disposed. 

'^d^'e^, kadekatt^, s. The settle- 
ment of a dispute. 2. a double 
cross-beam. 3. a wooden 
square in front of an upper 
story, supported on posts. 

^3l^i)Q^ kadekary, s. The heel. 


r^ kade 



=i^clr!aO kadeguri, s. A pit used by 
the rope-pullers wheu work- 
ing a country water-lift. 

=S^cl2*J?i kadeccuni, see ^zScsio^. 

=^dh^ kadepini (5^), 7'. a. To 
bite, champ, gnaw, grind. 
WSOS3— to chew the cud. ^j3s5— 
to gnash the teeth, ^'tlb^^ 
a grinding stone. 

=3*2120$:* , ^dw^, kadeballu, kade- 
balli^i, s. The ropes with which 
a water-lift is worked. 

'B'^loJjo?:^, "^d^^ kadeyuni, kade- 
vuni (^i^)? ^'. ^. To stir up, 
turn. 2. .9^^ *I§b^i. 

=^d6j^ kaderuni, see ^:^tjo?). 

=5'^!;:^ kadesa, s. Delay. 

'^d^D^'^ kadesavuni, e.v. {of"^ 
<5?ij^) To delay, detain, stop. 

^d-^^"^ kadesuni (^^c3), v. n. To 
be late, to delay, tarry, linger. 

^dx^ kadei, see ^i^oso. 

"^■d kadg^a, s. A sword. 

^ao* kadcilu, s. A turning 
lathe. — sstlDSi to turn m a 
lathe. — nsoSo a turner. 

=5*^ kaddi, s. The fibre (?r vein 
of a leaf. 2. a very small 
stick. — esii^, see esti^. 

=3^d kaddya, ^. A pitcher, water- 

=^Ti o?3 kaddyana, ^. A bridle, 
reins, bit. 

=^dj,Q323^o5j kadtalebayi, s. A 
quarrelsome person. 

=3^^S3* kadtel^, ^. That which is 

^4^j kadtelu, .y. A prattling 

=3*^* kaddu, s. Severity, rigour, 

harshness. 2. the strength of 

wine etc; also — t^Q??- At//. 

Severe, harsh. 2. strong. 

-3jDiTJ a harsh word. — ^?-^ 

to be severe, strong. — '^J 

^0.^ to make strong. 
=^c3Dy kddata, .J. Cutting. 2. 

^c^ ^ kadpatti, ^. A bill-hook. 

^CiO kadpu, fl:^/. Excessive, be- 
yond limit, etc. —'^\% an 
oversweet confection. —533^1:^ 
a very harsh word. — sjjot^S 
gold containing a larger pro- 
portion of alloy than usual; 
cf. 5tl). 

"^xi^ kadpuni {^^),v.a. To cut; 

to fell down. ^'cS.^^ a stone 

cut from a quarry. 
=^c4 kadma, ^^^ ^^^-^• 
=2rcl, =5*d kadle, kadle, ^^^ ^^53. 

po' V 

=^^3 kana, .s". A square piece. 
TJ^^— the piece of cloth from 
which a female's bodice is 

^r3 kana, see "^Ti. 

^ra kana, -'. ^. {imperat. of ^^so 

tSL^) Bring. 
=3'r3o2od-^ kanambaruni, see s'o 

=^r35« kanakiji, ^. Fuel, firewood. 
^C32;j kanaja, s. A granary, barn. 
=3^^^;^ kanapade, s. A kind of 

=^C3 kana 


=3^1, katte 

tree; having poisonous milky 

=CTrssJrl kanapane, s. A stupid 

^s^rssjojkanapar^, s. x\ ja-w-tooth, 

^css^s^oSj kanapalayi, s. A plank 

for the driver to stand upon 

in buffalo race. 
=^22h^ kanapini, see "^jtorit^. 

=3^r3^ kanape, at/j. Bitter, astrin- 
=3*^-3 kanale, see ^jsred. 
=0*6^ kani, s. A ditch, trench. 

¥^^^ kanipuni (5"^), "'• n. To 
be hardened by burning, as 
an earthen vessel. 2. to be 
afflicted. -^jJcj- to be depres- 
sed, dispirited; the heart to 
be hardened. 

^rt)^o kanime, s. A defile <?r pass 
between two mountains. 

^r$c5j kaniye, s. An astrologer. 

'o'rliS kanile, s. A tender bamboo, 

tS^cI kane, s. A slender bamboo 

=s^cl kane, s. A blight incidental 
to rice crops. ^osj^_ a blight- 
ed ear of corn. 

5rl kane, s. The quill of a por- 
cupine. — 5i335 a porcupine. 

^floA^, ^^cloh kaneng-u, kaneng-i, 
see ^t3cK. 

=^fl^^ kanepuni (^^), v.n. To 
have an acrid or astringent 
taste. 2. to rot. 

^cl^jdo kaneparu, see ^f®3j:io. 
^clifl kanepe, .y^^ ?fr©;3. 
^clojoj^ kaneyuni, i"^^ ^rfsg^. 
=ccId*' kaneru, i". Astringeucy. 
^6^^^ kanel^, s. The thick end 

of grass or straw. 2. a small 

branch of a tree. 
^fl^^ kanevuni, see ^'rfadiS). 
=3'clj'Slj?j kanopini. see ^j&orih?). 
"^t^Jlt kanole, se^: ^jsp©^. 
=CTr^ kann^, i^^i? =&of^. 


^ra =s'ej'', kannakatt^, i'^^ ^oFss^O 




=3^r2 ?5f c* kannaniru, ^^"^ s'of^sJsS 

tinder trc-r. 
=5^cl-5 es- kannoji, .y^^ ^'offjse^. 
=g^s kate, ^^le ^!|- 

=5^^ katta, s. The coir c*^ fibres 
of the cocoauut, used to make 
ropes with. 

=s^|j^D kattari, see ^£^0. 

^£^£ioi).^, =a£^^Oo^kattaliyuni, 
kattalyuni(5^^<5),r'.7z. To set, 
as the sun; to get dark. 2. 
to droop, as one's spirits. 

=^3 53 kattale, i^. Darkness. ^5— , 
^A £^e3 pitch dark, ^oj^— the 

=3^1^^ kattavu, see ^^. 

=CT£g^' kattal^, s. Cash, ready 

money, vl^r. 
=5*3 katti, ^. A knife; also "^^ . 

=ctI^ katte, s. An ass. 2. a silly 
creature. — ^oe3r a hayena. 

=33 3 katteri, ^. Scissors, shears. 
2. an betel-nut cracker. 3, a 
rat-trap; also <.:€_. 






=^zf. kadryi 

^i^^c^o^^, =5^1^00^ katteriyuni, 
katteruni ('^^^),v.a. To shear, 
cut with scissors. 

TS's^rs, =a£S'3jNkatrana,katrana,5. 
A composition of chunam 
and other ingredients used 
for flooring. 

=5*^, =5(^^ kathe, kathana, s. A 
story, narrative, narration, 
history. 2. a fable, tale. m^j. 
Ah! ddn— wonderful! ^qro 
t^TjOA narration of a story. 
a^qro-rf?j a delightful or pleasant 
story. s'qroTjOAj^ a collection 
of stories ; a compendium 
of history. 

=^ufott kad^mpe, see ^rfc^. 

=5^23^5^ o^ kadi^kijili^, s. A vital 
part of the body, as the heart. 
2. the side. ["taff. 

^C3*D^ kadi^r^, s. A spindle, dis- 

=^Coo33 kadampe, s. The decayed 
part of timber. 2. a chip, 

=^do?jd kadamsara, s. A per- 
fumed braid made of the 
"kedagi" flower. 

=^c5fd kadana, s. War, battle. 

^Cjf3 kadane, s. A swivel-gun. 
—200^^^ to fire a swivel-gun. 

=dCto\ =aCodj kadari;, kadaru, see 

^de-io^i kadaluni, see =^6<vo^. 

=s^ds3 kadale, s. A rag. adj. Rag- 
ged, tattered. 

^£)# kadike, s. The Hiiriallee 
grass, Cynodon Dactylon. 2. 
the name of a village. 

=^£)=^ kadike, s. A granary. 2. a 

depository for the receipt of 

^a^ kadine, see ^rf^. 
=ct£i^ kadipu, i'^?^ ^-J^- 
^a^^ kadipuni, see s^:3^S). 
^asSo kadime, see 5b?^o. 
^aoJo kadiya, «^7'. Strongly, 

well. — sjjC'Wo^i to squeeze well. 
=D^aD^ kadir^, ^. iVn ear of corn. 

2. J-^^ ^S5. 

^c'a^^o kadima, ^z^'. Of long 
standing, veteran, experi- 

t^£)^sSj kadime, s. A veteran, an 
experienced man, a servant 
of long standing. 

=g^do kadu, s. Grit. 

=^rfo^ kadupu, .s-^^ ^c^^- 

=^^3 kade, .y. Catamanial dis- 

=^d^^, ^cScdjo^, =^cS4?i kade- 
puni, kadeyuni, kadevuni (^^5), 
V. a. & w. To disjoin. 2. to 
pull out, strip off. 

=S^Cj«:* kadelu, «^'. Loose. 

=5^ue->o^ kadeluni (^^"5), t-. :??. To 
become loose, slack. 2. to 
shatter, tatter. 

=!^CjJ?:© kadoli, s. A species of 

plantain, AJiisa sapient urn. 
^aCjOk kadpu, ^. Stealing, theft. 

^dJ kadpu, .y. An ear of ripened 
corn. — rfoAOS) an ear of corn 
to bend from its weight. 

"uuf^ kadri^, sec ^S5. 

=0 23 J?, kadro 


"ut, kappa 

=&^,^:) kadrolu, s. A kind of 
edible grass. 

^f^ kana, s. A dream. — ^ ■dj?.^ 
a vision ; chimera, fancy. — ^ 
^^ {lit. dream and mind); 
sleep or wakefulness, used 
negatively — ^Uo,^, c. dat. 
~^&\j^ to dream. [ac-do^. 

=3^c^o2odo^ kanambaruni, see =60^0 

=g=fd=5' kanaka, s. Gold. s'^issEprf?^ 
showing honour or devotion 
by pouring gold coins on 
the head. — e^jso®?- gold dust. 

^FviS kanape, see ^^sS. 

=5^^=^^ kanikara, s. Pity, compas- 
sion. — rfo^o^S) to pity, have 

^^?5?i, ^cJ^^-^c^ kanipuni, kani- 

yuni, see 'SA^^. 
=5^^^0J30 kanimuri, s. The smell 

of smoke. 
=u^$3 kanile, see ^ri^. 
^^^, kanishta, adj. Small, little. 

2. young. 3. base, inferior, 


^fS kane, see =^^. 

^^^'^^'^ kanepavuni, e.v. {of "S 
N^Soi) To afflict, cause trouble. 
2. to harden, as the heart. 

=c^^^ kanepuni (^^, ^'. ^^. To 
be afflicted, troubled. 2- to 
be hardened ; see ^s^s^S). 

^rSc* kaner^, see ^fSS. 

=5j^s^?j kanevuni (^^), v. n. The 
skin to be discolored by a blow. 
=^f^ kanna, see ??c^. 

^ lowest. ^S)M, a 

=3*^^ kannada, see ^o-^ri. 
=3*^1^ kannadi, see ^opia. 
=5^^ kanni, ^^^ ^orS. 

^jdc^ kanya, ^. A virgin, young 
girl; also ^f?o, ^^k^, ^jJo^-so 
f^J- 2. the sign Virgo in 
the zodiac; the sixth solar 
month. —3^ vir.ginity. — rf 
55>^^ an offering to the dead. 
— rf ^030 the first crop, — rf 
^^5 a kind of grass. — eoja 
■rfo, _£3eS the country sarsa- 
parilla, Hemidesmiis indicus. 
^fS7)nc3?j giving a girl in mar- 

=3*3^ kapa, see 3'^. 

^s^si^J kapata, s. Fraud, deceit; 
hypocrisy. — 7^t5, —ctocSj, _;3 , 
^sjB a hypocrite, dissembler. 
— ■S?M the guise of hypocrisy. 

=^sjd kapade, i". A gluttonous 
woman. 2. cloth. 

=3^3^^, =uS5«)Sj kapala, kapala, ^. 
The scull. 2. the temples. 

=u53'3£j^ kapat^, s. An almirah. 

=SS3e)Oio kapayi, ^. A greedy 
woman. 2. middling, as liquor. 

=^30 kapi, ^. A monkey, ape. 
—e^o^.a monk-ey's trick; teas- 
ing. — ^yo^Si to mimic, ape. 

=3*^ kapi, s. A pulley. 

=3^^^ kapila, s. A tawny colour. 
adj. Tawny. — -rfooS), ^?.«3 the 
founder of the Sankhya philo- 

=^^d kapura, see ^^rd. r^^ 

^sj kappa, s. Tribute, an offer- 

=3'3j. kappa 


=3^20 kaba 

vt> od kappanda, s. A sling. — ^^ 

a sling stone- 
=^^.d, ^5J^a, "^^d kappada, kap- 

padi, kappade, s. A dirty, 

tattered cloth. 
=^t>d kappade, s. A snipe ; c/. 

^t, (i kappade, <3:^^'. Dirty. — ??oouo, 
see ^^^. 

^S'^.o* kappar^, ^. A portion of 
a large earthen pot, potsherd. 
_ie^4 a flat kind of cake, or 
—■5j3^ a kind of bread, baked 
in such a potsherd. 

^5J D^ kapparu, adz'. On the face. 
— 80js.ios» to fall on the face. 

^^D*?ooiOj,kappar^suttu, s. Gal- 
vanised iron, zinc. 

^^^doij* kapparant^, s. A fabu- 
lous beast. 2. a glutton. 3. a 
rake, debauchee. 

=^^do^ kapparaute, s. A tad- 

's'ij.o* kappal^, .y. A ship. — T^jseQ 
a game cock. — ^?"drf& a kind 
of cumin seed, Nigella sativa. 
_sj3^4Si, — iixjo^ to "go on 
board a ship. 

'g'^ kappu, s. Blackness, dark- 
ness. adj. Black, dark. — ^jse 
55 a dark or dejected face. 
— sjscli^ to conjure or divine by 
putting a black application 
on the palm ; cf. ^B. 

=1^0$ tJii^'i^, =3^^ ijs>vk kapputo- 
laci, kapputolasi, s. A kind 
of mint shrub, 'Holy basil,' 
Oct'mum sanctum. 

=^o^.5i kappuni (*^), "'• «. To eat 

=5^55 kappe, A frog. — ^^oF? large 
eyes. 3i-8|j_, zjoi— a green 
frog. —^0^, — TjjseA a disease 
of cattle, dogs, etc. — "dofeS a 

=i^s:i,?oOij^ kaprasuttu, see tJ'^S 


=5^^ kapha, s. Phlegm. — ^yo^Si 
phlegm to accumulate in the 
throat. — e;4^?i to expectorate. 

=520^2:^ kabi^ica, s. A short jacket. 

^20 kaba, ^. The space between 
the fingers; cf. ^'d. -j^i a 
bifurcated branch. 

=5^20oqi kabandha, i". A headless 
trunk. 2. water. 

=^200^ kabandhe, s. The name 
of a giant. 2. a short-necked 
man. 3. the moon's ascend- 
ing node. 

=5*20 =^^ kabakei, see under ^20. 

=5^20^ kabata, i'^i; ^^iy. ^aoe a 
dissembling woman. 

=ct:-C5°cj'5)D* kabadyidari^, intj. Be 
careful! ^eoSc:sD^ care, cau- 
tion; control. 

=5203^ kabat^, s. Drill, military 

=5^200^ kabariji, s. A forked or 
lateral branch. 2. a forked 
stick. 3. a report. 4. news. 
adj. Forked. — crooSfrooSo a 
heedless or negligent man. 

=^2oa kabari, ^. Tufted hair of 

=^zse) kaba 


=3^(3 kara 

^2JDSj^ kabat^, see ^sjcO. 

^i^do^ kabiduni (*23S), r.^. To 
strain, as the gruel of boil- 
ed rice. 

=CT2:;Gdoo^ kabiyuni (^83),'::'. a. To 
besiege, surround, overwhelm. 
2. to overspread, as clouds; 
also "Szaoo^. 

^tl^D^CjD^j, =azi<^6 kabirudase, 
kabire, s. A celebrated Hindu 
saint, once a Mussulman. 

=?^20J2:3*, =5^i^J3S3<^, =g'20J5Ci kabulii, 
kabuly, kabuli, s. Agreement, 

=3*200^ kabule, adj. Tawuv, of a 
yellowish dark colour. — t?l:a 
to get ripe, as the gingely oil- 
seed, s. A tawny coloured 

525 kabe, s. A forked stick, adj. 
Cloven, forked, -t?^ the cleft 
between the thumb and the 
forefinger. — ^^es^j a post 
forked at the top. — ^cS a 
kind of fork-shaped grass. 

^223^ kabett^, ad/. Tawny, of 
a yellowish colour. 

=3'25^kab3tti, .y. A tawny colour- 
ed cow. 

^20 kabca, see 'i'5ii. 

=S=25,, =a^^:« kabbe, kabya, adr'. 

Topsyturvy, upside-down. 

— ssciiS) to overturn. — 20js:ioa 

to capsize, upset, 
=^wJt) kamala, s. The lotus, 

Nymphea nehimha. 
^doT^ kamasuj see XdooJ. 
=a n;^ rj^ kamasu, There is none, vlg. 

^^j:^6 kamastare, s. A sea- 
custom superintendent. 

=CTdJD^^, ^dJSF^j kaman^^, kama- 
nu, s. An arch, vault. 

=CTdJ^oij kamayi, s. Gain, income. 

^Ojli kamiti, s. A committee, 

=5^^ kamma. ^^^ ^c^j. 
=3*0.^ kammi, -?^^ ^^o^jo, ^^^So. 

tJSjw) ;^, =a-::iv>: ?^ kammena, kamyana, 
5, Smell, odour, scent, fra- 
grance, savour. 

T^cd) kaya, s. Depth, as of water 
etc. 2. swamp, adj. Deep ; 
also ^orfoAooa. 

^ojj kaya, j-^^ ^=cb- 

^odo^ kayappa, adv. Entirely, 
wholly, all over. 2. well. 
—^55^^ to plough well. — ^3^S) 
to anoint or besmear the whole 
body. — ■^^■5sS5> to mix. 

^g'ojjdo kayame, s. A kind of 

rice ; cf. s&. 
'S'Oa^^j' kayalu, -S"^*? saodo^. 
'aoajS^) kayipu, see 3*^^. 
=5^03:3: kayipe, sec ^^^. 
=^03:) s/ kayilu, ^^^ ^j,^- 
=Sr03.€ kayile, ^^^ ^osje3. 
=ad kara, ^. An earthen vessel. 

e:cci:i_ the stomach. — "^i,^ 

cooking utensils. 
^d kara, -5. Pollution from death. 

^d kara, s. The hand. 2. the 
trunk of an elephant. 3. a 
spark, ray of light, as a^— 
the sun. 

=CTd kara 


'6 kara 

^doeio^ karantuni, see ^ouor^. 
=CTdow, =^iJo(l23^karande,karande- 
li^, see "^o^F. 

^do^ karampe, s. A wound. 2. 

see s'^sS. 

=^dos5s3^ karampelu, «^'. Perfo- 
rated, bored; having notches. 
s. The scar of a wound. 

TS^rfowo karambu, see ^oaoor. 

'g'dozoo^ karambuni (^^o'jS), ^'. «. 
To prune, cut off, as super- 
fluous branches of a tree; to 
clear away, as bush, ctc.\ ef. 

=ado232:^ karambel^i, s. A kind 

of coppice. 
^c!=5^ karaka, see "^"^f. 

^d^u karakara, s. The noise 

made in chewing, sawing, or 

=5^d=^Q, =^Zj^6 karakari, karakare, 

s. Annoyance, trouble. 2. 

grief, sorrow, distress. 
"^dii?;*' karagas^, see AT^r^J. 

=^dA2)^^ karagavuni, c. v. (of 
^T37(^rS) To melt, liquefy. 2. 
to affect the mind, make a 
l^erson's heart melt. 3. to 
afflict, cause sorrow. 

^CTurto^ karaguni, v. n. To melt, 
dissolve, liquefy. 2. to be- 
come thin or lean; to waste. 
3. to become affected, soften- 
ed ; to relent, melt with pity ; 
also ^tJKS^'seLSi. 

's'dtSs'SOwJ karajikayi, s. A kind 
of fruit-shaped cake. 

^dos^ karadu, s. Wastage, loss, 
wear. adj. Rough, coarse ; 
worn out. — ^s as? waste paper. 
—■^^^^ a rough copy. ~Z3h^ 
to be worn out. — -rfos^so^^ to 
waste, spoil. 

^d(^ karadi, s. A bear, -^ooao 
sddSo a hairy man. 

=CTd^?^ karadige, i^. A small box, 

=^dCiJ karadu, see ^tJS. 

=CTdr9 karana, s. An organ of 
sense. 2. cause, instrument 
(?/ means of action. — ^cxjothe 
three means of action, name- 
ly, ^0wJ3?:roa>)jCdo the mind, 
speech and body. 

=CTdr^#, ^dr^^=CT karanike, kara- 
nike, see s^f^r^. 

=3^d5's)^, karatala, s. Cadjan. 2. 
a mode of beating time with 
the hands; also ^^ss^, ^^&d'^. 
— §je3 cadjan leaf. 

=CTd^^ karapuni, v. a. To repulse, 
drive. 2. to urge. 3. to clear, 
remove. 4. to digest. 5. to 
waste. 6. to cause abortion; 

Cf. 3^ti7v)^S). 

^dsf; karape, s. A notch or in- 

=^ds3ejj karapelu, s. A trouble- 
some c';' mischievous woman. 

'S'dsSsS karapele, i'. A trouble- 
some or mischievous man. 

^dzorj' karabasij, see s^stofoj. 

^dojj karaya, ^^^ ^r^cdo. 

=^d53 karale, s. A swelling. 

=3'd^ karavi, s. A mould. 





=7 3 kari 

=^d4?i karavuni (5^), v. n. To 
be dissolved, melted. 2. to 
be digested. 3. to miscarry. 

=^d^ karave, s. Phlegm. -=#js?^ 
pulmonary phthisis. 

=uds?* karalu, see ^€-. 

^C^ karale, .y^^. ^^«3- 

^Ds)^ karadi, 5". A class of Mah- 
ratta Brahmins. 

=^D^ri=^ karanike, see ^rSr^. 

=ctDs)2C* karlb^, adj. Filthy, dirty, 
unclean, bad. 

=5*DD^3*, =ctdd^O£, karamatii, 
karamati, s. A miracle, won- 
der. 2. the poAver of doing 
wonders, etc. 

=5'ddOoJ karaya, ^. Phlegm. 

=CTCr3D*, =5^01)00 karari^, kararu, s. 
An agreement, contract. — 's^o 
^0|^S) to make a contract. 

^D"a^§ karavali, s. The sea- 
coast, coastline. 

=ctD^^^) karavuni, .y^^ ^■rf^iji. 

^DD'-^ karalu, <2^". Frightful, 


-^js?j? a frightful 

=5*3 kari, ^. Chimney soot. 2. 
charcoal, or any thing burnt, 
as the fibrous covering of a 
cocoanut, straw etc. adj. see 

=uS kari, s. An elephant. 

=aO kari, s. A bar with which a 
door ^/^. is fastened. 2. a 
pole fastened to a load, by 
which it is carried on the 

=ctD kari, s. Castration. — 3:;d:13^ 

to castrate. 
=^0o^' karinku, i". Sediment. 
^Ooz^j^ karincuni, ^^^ ^oeior?). 

^OtS^Sr^ karijirige, s. Black 
cummin seed, Nigella sativa. 

'S^Dr^S-karinelli, s. Country goose- 

^D^^ karipuni (o5), v. a. To 
deduct, subtract. 2. to spend. 
3. to remove. 

'S'^tj^ ^SiScJ^ karipe, karipelyi, s. 
That which is deducted; 

=3'D:I?!3 karibiti, s. The real 

^Si!?^, ^SoijzS^s^ karibevu, 
kariyabavu, ^. Bergera koe- 
nigii^ called the curry-leaf 
tree, the leaves of which are 
used for seasoning. 

=^Qsjod karimara, s. Blackwood. 

=3^00:^0 kariya, adj. Black. 

=3'&0Jj kariya, s. A ferry. 

'=ut^As^°4'& kariyatolaci, see'S^^ 

^Soiodj kariyadu, s. A black 

=^aciod kariyade, ^. A black man. 

=CTacdi?2-o-, kariyanekki, s. The 
three leaved chaste tree, Vitex 
trifolia. 2. the plant Genda- 
russa vulgaris. 

=^Q0Jjsiir3 kariyamani, i-. Black 

=CT5cJjr;ojdr°) kariyamudyala, s. 
An aromatic plant, Andro- 

=5*0 kari 


=if^r karka 

fogon jfzvarancusa^ with 
fragrant roots. 

=2^0oJoo^ kariyuni (^&), v. n. To 
elapse, expire, pass as time. 
aux. V. To be able, or pos- 
sible. 3=&orfooa tjoaS an un- 
avoidable business. ^55 ^^h 
SI to die; to drop down; to be 
over. c5oc^ Eg,'Se^o£ ^DodjcS I 
must go by all means. 

"S^S^a karidi, s. Price, value. 
— ^o^o^a to settle the price; 
to purchase. 

^c!o karu, j. Vulture. 2. ^^^ at^o. 

^OjoZvJ^ karumbuni, see '^■d7<o^. 

^ijo^0o2jj:3 karukumbuda, see ^ 

=5dJ=^odo karukuru, s. The noise 
made in chewing any brittle 

=^rfo?^J3?oeij karugontu, s. Boiled 
and dried areca-nut. 

=^djr3 karuna, s. Mercy, pity, 
kindness. — ^s^o^r'i to show 

=3*^0^ karupu, see ^4^. 

^o'djzoj^ karubuni, see ^t^ao^. 

=3'do°T;^o karulu, see '^6f. 

^d kare, see so-6. 

^d kare, i". The seashore, coast- 
line. 2. the bank of a river. 

3. land, as opposed to water. 

4. border, edge. 5. the co- 
loured border of a cloth. 
— v^^ land-wind. — ?roa by 
land. —ZjTic: c% — ^soj::^^ to 
touch or reach the land; see 

_20;sTio». _Sjc5o^ to sail near 
the shore. — ^'yo^sj to fasten a 
selvage; the horizon to be- 
come cloudy. — ;i^^ to sail 
towards the land, — aoja' to 
escape to the shore ; to escape 
from danger; to recover from 

=ct6 kare, s. The pole to which 
a bucket is attached in a 
country water-lift. 

=s6 kare, s. A parish, a social 
or caste jurisdictional divi- 

^dos5 karempe, see ^tjc^. 

=56oj^ karepini see ^-jSodoj^. 
=3^6^^ karepuni (5-dj, v. a. To 

make a notch or incision. 
"^^^jG) karemedi, s. The sides 

of a border in a rice-field. 
^s'dojoj^, =d6^'^ kareyuni, kare- 

vuni (^^), V. n. To crow. 
=3'do* karelLi, s. The mark left 

on the skin by wearing any 

thing tightly. 
=CTd5Jj^ kareluni (^^«5'), v. a. To 

leave a mark on the skin, as 

by dressing tightly etc. 
^s'djse^j karolu, see 35-5js«?o. 
^d-P.°^j karolu, //. of ^^li. 

^=0^7 kark^, s. A very tender 
cocoanut. 2. its tender shell. 

^^*r^§ karkijpuli, j. Garcina 

=3^=CTf^ karka, adv. At once; sud- 
denly. 2. sharply, violently. 
-^2i^^ to bite sharply — eco^ 
4^) to grow (?;' ripen fast. 


'^'uF karka 


^i^xF kartri^ 

"o^rli karkata, s. A crab. 2. the 
Cancer in the zodiac, ^s'f^ 
a female crab. 

'^^Fd^^y-^^ karkademullu, s. A 
kind of thorn. 

^'uF^'S karkattale, see ^cXr^d 

'u'^fS karkare, see ^'o^'s. 

'd'^F^, 'u'aFti karkasa, karkasa, 
adj. Violent, harsh, unkind. 
2. cruel, hard. 3. intangi- 
ble. 4. miserly. —«Fi cruelty; 
hardness; unkindness; in- 
tangibility ; avarice, niggard- 
liness. ^'^FO a violent or 
wicked woman. ^^r€ a vio- 
lent or wicked man. 

'u'u'^Fk^'u karkataka, see s^s'ry. 

^^OFcejoCa karkumbuda, s. A 
pumpkin. 2. an ash-gourd. 

^riroCi^l^'o, ^f^Ft^'a karganda- 
kattale, kargattale, see T^i\r^e. 

"^r^FQ^^ karg-ayi, see aafosj. 

'uTTeiF^'^ karg^avuni, see t?::i7T34N. 

"uT^F, "uA^Fd karg-i, kargudi, s. 
A very black woman. 

'^T^dFd kargude, s. A very black 

^?^J5^rkj kargota, s. Hardness. 
2. hard-heartednes^. adj. 
Hard, hard-hearted. 

=^r^^^rl3ri kargotige, s. A hard- 
hearted man. 

^uZaF karci, ^. Expenditure, 
expenses. '"^'^^— household 
expenses, ^s^AO.'i, _z;^o a, 
— EOjs-do?j to cost. — ■do^Okr'i to 

^eoTQ^ karcilij, see '^^^^ 

=a23t)ro karjati, s. A black spe- 
cies. 2. the class of pariahs. 

"cZ^dfO karjali, s. The tree Leti- 
cas indica.^ Phloniis indica. 

=CT2iXrd karjura, see A35-rf. 

=g'G*r, =5^Cij" kardu, kardu, .s^^ 

^7^F karna, ^^^ ^nf. 

=c^rsr^0£3 karnakutta, adj. Head- 
long, topsy-turvy, s. A sum- 

=^E^reJ=3^ karnataka, see "^o^ri. 

=dmt)Fijf{ karnatige, see ^c^S. 

"dz^Fv karnike, s. The sheraste- 
dar, chief ministerial officer 
of a collector. 2. a secretary. 

=5^clr karne, s. A half-brother of 
the Pandu princes. 2. a hard 
man. — r;^" the story of 
Kama's exploits as given in 
the Mahabharata. 

"as^FTtisx.^ kartupattuni ^^^f 
3i|^), V. a. To set-off. 2. to 
deduct. 3. to exclude. 4. to 
give up hope. 

=^sr&^c5-£e?^ kartariprayoga, s. 
Active voice, gram. 

v^F^ kartave, s. An agent, 
maker. 2. God, lord. 3. a 
master, owner. 4. an author; 

c/. =^%F. 

=^5e)rafi ^3^F^f\, kartadige, 
kartuttige, s. Ownership, pro- 
prietorship. 2. dominion, 

"SAf kartriji, s. The nominative 
of a yerh, gram. 2. see ssr^. 

ij3r karto 


T^^) kala 

=diJi)FS^A kartodige, see s^siora^^. 
=^ufr kardiji, adj. Black. — da-soj^ 

black and white. 2. sec s'S. 


^(^F karna, J". The ear, — ^oo:5e; 
an ear-ring worn Ijy a woman. 

=^r^r karna, s. A black paste 
composed of dross of iron, 
kernel of wild liquorice and 
boiled rice, applied on the 
right side leather of a finger- 

^^rt.6iF karnaparva, see 3'???-. 

^^i>ro'' karnalu, see 7(^f6. 
=5'^^=ffkarnike, J^^ 3^rfr^. 

^^r6^» karnirel^, s. A dark 

=^^r karpu, s. A pit, hole, ditch. 

2. a pit for catching Avild 


"^"^F^, =CT^rd karpura, karpura, 
s. Camphor. 2. the thick 
leaved lavender, —^ojido Lev- 
endula carnosa. ^t-— crude 

'=ut>F^, =^^r5DJ karpelij, karpelu, 
see t^ii~2;o. 

"^ZjF karba, s. Iron. —^ Xc^scj 
an iron link. 

^2jr?;«,=CTi3s)r?j^ karbasi^, karba- 
s^, s. An ox of superior breed 
from the up-country. — ^f^ 
a ghaut cow. 

^2oors3, =^o3jsr^ karbule, kar- 
bolle, s. A fowl having white 
plumage Avith black spots. 

■^oJjF karma, i". An action in 
general. 2. a religious cere- 
mony. 3. the objective case, 

gram. 4. fate; misfortune. 
5. sin, transgression. — aS 
the condition induced by one's 
deeds. ^^orr5^c5j3?A the pas- 
sive voice, gram. — d-???:; 
transgression. — v<^ the fruit 
of human actions, ^s^oro^, 
^^raro^TJ funeral rites. '5'^::s)r 
q>^T5 a performer of funeral 
rites. 3^<£o- 3^sof?5 a sinner. 
^^oeFoajccio the organ of ac- 
tion, as the hand, foot, etc. 

^doFcl karmane, see ^sodo?? 
under ^&. 

=3'^0Fd karmara, .^^6' ^a^o. 

=a5^0FO^ karmaru, i'. A superior 

kind of firewood, Vatica lacci- 

=3^d0s)Fria*" karmug-alijL, see ?ro5 

^joa<5 under ^S- 
^dooFii karmuda, ^^^ ^^or 02001^. 
=?^^oofO karmuli, s. Thatched 

grass taken from a roof. 
=^ajJF karya, i". A ferry. 

s. The liver, as of a fowl. 
voio,)F^ karyuni, see ^ a 0:^00 ^). 

=3's3^F karli^, s. The bowels. 

2. the liver. 
=^2:^F=CT^.j| karl^kappade, i". The 

intestines, entrails. 
"uiiF karle, see ^^id 
^S'SSDFSJ)^ karvavuni (s^^sr), v. a. 

To burn the downs of a fowl 

by holding it over the fire. 
=CT^ kala, s. A square. 2. a bed 

rs; kala 


r$3 kale 

of flowers, etc. 3. a place 

where pariahs assemble. — ^ 

mj a to make a flowerbed; a 

group of pariahs to sit in a 

^2jo kalam, -S". A reed-pen. 2. 

a paragraph. — ssS detailed, 

item by item. 
=3*5:;c=g*, =^ejo^Jci kalank^, kalan- 

kuni, i't'^ ^^o^. 
^c'^i^os^^, =5'^;cu5D^ kalamtani, 

kalamdani, s. An inkstand. 2. 

a small box. 
'^'ijotj kalambi, see ^e3c2!). 
^oosoo^ kalambuni, ^'. ;z. To 

quarrel, fight. 
^^=3* kalaka, see ^^e;^. 

^^^o^vj^ kalakambula, i". A 

drenched miry floor. 
=CTe;^i; kalakala, s. A confused 

noise, hum. 
=CT^^^) kalakala, a;^^'. Brightly. 

— -Sooz^os) to shine brightly. 
^a^^CsSS^^ kaladavuni, c. v. [of^^ 

^^)) To mix. 2. to knead. 
^oc^j^ kaladuni (^^S), t'.^^z. To 

be mixed. 2. to be kneaded. 
=^^o§^ kalapuni (^<^), "'. a. To 

mingle. 2. to knead, s^ott- 

to plough a watered field. 
=ct2;^ kalappu, «^'. Mixed. 2. 

=CTejcfo=CT kalaberake, s. Admix- 
ture, compound. 
=a2;s:!j* kalamu, s. Grafting --^j 

• ^o^s> to graft. 
=CT^^o^, =5^<j^jj kalam^, kalamu, 

see tfe^c. 

^s'^idj kalame, s. A kind of rice. 

=CTt;o5o kalayi, i'f^ ^eJDOso. 
=0 ^^ kalavu, sec s'^^- 

=5*5^5;, =cts;?j kalasa, kalasa, -s. A 
pitcher, 2. a vase, goblet. 3. 
a spire, —^oa^ purification by 
pouring water. -2?^)^"^ to set 
up a spire. 

"^-ofi kalase, s. A grain measure 
equal to ten, twelve, four- 
teen, fifteen, or sixteen seers. 

^s'^Sokalaha, ^. Quarrel, dispute. 

"u^ntj kalapa, s. A family trial, 
distress, or dispute. 2. an 
ornament, zone. — ^o^o^S) to 
quarrel; to make confusion. 

^eJ305j kalayi, s. Tinning. — 7^;S 
a person who tins vessels, tin- 
ker. — ^jsL^r^, ~xssrk>?^ to tin. 

=5s;^d) kalavu, see ^^4- 

=CTy3^ kalasi, s. A sailor, lascar. 

^^D?:^ kalasi^, s. Conclusion, 
end. 2. consumption, exhaus- 
tion. — £?l;S) to be finished, 
or consumed. — ■dj«?j^s> to 
complete; to empty. 

^S3i)^ kalasi, see ^^^-^l. 

=3*0 kali, ^. Toddy; liquor. 

=^0, ^©c:iJori kali, kaliyuga, s. 

The fourth or iron age of the 

world; the age of vice. 
=^£»€ kalike, s. Dissimulation, 

"^-b kale, s. A scar. 2. a mark. 

blemish, stain, 
^s3or^, ^s3cr\kalengiji,kalengi,^. 

Rust, verdigris 

t6 kale 


^dJ^<^ kalpo 

'udoi^ kalembi, s. A chest, cof- 
fer. — aX)"-, — OD^, j-^6'^0-C3^ci. 

=^s3o".S kalembi, s. The hindmost 
sail of a boat. 

=CTe3=a«)rfr3 kalekarana, s. A bad 

^233='3^r=3' kalekarnika, st:e trerfrs'. 

^<23^^, ^d^^ kalepini, kalepuni 
(s'eB), e'. a. To strip off, remove. 
2. to subtract, deduct. 

=ct53^^ kalevuni (-«?), ■;:'. 7z. To 
be stripped. be deducted. 

=^59, kalka, s. Decoction, infusion 
of any drug. 2. sediment. 

=uv-,6 kalkare, s. A place abound- 
ing in latrite stone. 

^0, kalki, s. The tenth or last 
incarnation of Vishnu, ex- 
pected to put an end to the 
kali or iron age; also — ssd 

^sj-/,^, =5'^o^(:l kalkutti, kalkude, 
^\ The name of a demon. 

=5'e>;,^ kalkuni (^^i), t-. «. To 
cry, as a demon or one pos- 
sessed with an evil spirit. 

=CTd kalke, see ^€^. 

=3^dJ3, d kalkore, s. A kind of fish. 

=3^© dj^j323^ kalgi rumalu, s. A 
yellow handkerchief with 
black spots. 

^23;^sjou kaltamara, ^. A wild 
kind of lotus growing on stony 

=3*s3jj kalte, j-. Morning, the day- 
break; ^. ^sczf. —23/ crioo morn- 
ing and evening. 

^s3g /i^ kalteig-ii, adv. {lit. for the 
mouth of toddy). Something 
given as a relish when sip- 
ping toddy. 

"^^li^ kalnan^, s. A medicinal 

^^kalpa, s. A period of time. 
2. a sacred work, one of the 
sis Vedangas. 3. resolve, 
purpose. 4. artifice, trickery, 

=3^ej^ocl kalpande, see '^'^^■ 

^^Cikalpada, ^. A fluid measure 
equal to twelve seers. 

=ctsj^cI kalpane, s. A stone quarry. 

=a'<^?5 kalpane, s. Fiction, fable, 
2. invention, fabrication. 3. 
producing, forming. ~-^:>^^^t^ 
to invent, fabricate, contrive ; 
to produce, form; to esta- 

=ct^^c5j^, ^sj^dx=CT kalparuksha, 
kalpavruksha, s. The tree of 
Indra^s paradise said to yield 
whatever is desired. 

=5^a|_,oa, kalpanta, s. The end of 
the world. 

^s'oi^osd kalpantara, s. Another 
period of time, eternity. 

=ct£:|)^^^ kalpavuni, c. v. {of "^ 
e^J^S)) To teach, instruct. 2. to 
instigate; also 3^£;sv5??„=)bra. 

=a©^?oJ^ kalpisuni (^^c3), v. a. 
To invent, fabricate. 

=c?2ja,^ kalpuui (^<5j, v. a. To 
learn, study. 

=3^53^3 ^^ kalpokta, adv. Accord- 
ing to religious directions. 

^z>. kalma 


^0 kalli 

^o,Q talmadi, i". A kind of fisli. 

=5o dkalmada, s. Bitumen, gran- 
ulated gypsum from Arabia. 

^'i>,5^ kalmasha, s. Corrosion. 
2. impurity. 3. sin. 4. the 
matter of a sore. 

T^^^ kalya, see *5odo. 

=3*^)^063 kalyante, ^^^ ^^<=^- 

^<DD-£<} kalyana, s. Happiness, 
prosperity, good fortune. 2. 

=aOjvrc) kalyani, s. The name of a 
tune. 2. the name of a female. 

^uo,ej, kalrutti, .?^^ ^e^oTJoL!. 

^23' kallijj s. A stone. — - tro^ a 
chisel. — -5'c2c,_:5 5c^astone 
pillar. -^y,?5, _rf g'eS a stone 



embankment ^r seat. — ^Wo, 
«3so3o a mason. —z^Oj a stone 
put across a stream to pass 
over. — :i 33ej3oso a slate. — ?ic^ 
a stone bridge. -2o~„ a Jaina 
shrine. — £3:io a kind of bow 
for discharging stones. — rfo 
■dosj a stone trough. -^:^j^» 
to break stones. — ^^ ^ to 
chip stones. — =f-ta^s a stone 
to grow hard. --;, ^e^ stony, 
made of stones, ^c;^ w play- 
ing with stones. 


;ff -^a 

a^ kallutetti, i". A rotten 


=CTS5^25^f^ kallubag'e, i'. A kind of 
tree, the wood of which is 
used as timber. 

"^ij^zz^d kallubdre, s. A kind of 

CO - ' 

plantain tree. 

=5^0' ^00°^ J, kallumullu, .?. (liL 
stones and thorns). The mill- 
cog. 2. the indented surface 
of a mill-stone. 3. a rugged 

^£3^?C^,6 kallusakkare, .y. Sugar- 

=3*0^ ?dJ3oli kallusunti, s. "Wild 
ginger, Zingiber zerumhet. 

^^ kalla, s. A kind of oyster. 
— §jtio its shell ; cf. ^<5 . 

=^^0=^0 kallankalli, s. A kind 

ro 00 

of bag. 
"u^oA kallangei, s. A kind of 

small fish. 
=^ej o^, =5^^;s3 kallante, kallate, s. 

The Indian nightshade, Sola- 

num hidicuin. 
=a5j?idj kallabiru, see under 

^sjOjj kallayi, .y^^ ^^°^i)- 
=CT^;dr( kallaraa^a, s. Asphalt. 

^"jsird kallarpada, .y. Small-pox 

attacking a person a second 

=g'^55F kallarpe, ^. A kind of 

sieve to remove small stones 

from earth. 
^5513 ^ kallale, s. A class of 

pariahs. 2. their headman. 
=ctS kalli, ^. A bag of net- work, 

made of ropes. 2. a wicker- 

Avork. 3 . the pods of cannabis. 

4. see ^'9^. 
"g^a^ kallitti, see ^»i ^. 
'6€)tsii°4:i kallirolu, s. k hard 


grown palmyra fruit. 


^^0 kallu 


=3^r/ kasu 

^^j^ kalluppu, s. Rock-salt. 

the Bombay salt. 
^sjJ Co kalluru, .?. A kind of fish. 


'aoodo'so kalluruna, W/. Imma- 
tiire, half-ripe or half deve- 

^^0 dolo kalluruti, j'. The name 


of a female Bhiita. 

=^-<x>^:>^ kalluruni (^^jj^^), ^. n. 
A stone to press or hurt the 
sole of the foot in walking. 

=^tS kalle, s. The straw covering 


of a bundle of rice; also 
=3^53 3 kalletti, s. A bag with 


divisions within. 
=^s3j3 :^j kallottu, s. A foot-sore 

caused by a stone. 
=u6j^ ^^ kallola, s. A large wave 


or billow. 
^sJ2*, =^sJ2S kavaca, kavace, ^. 

Armour, a coat of mail. 2. a 

jacket, short coat, 
^sje3 kavate, see ^^s. 

=g^;jS, =CT;^ari, "u^d kavadi, kava- 
dig-e, kavade, s. A small shell, 
cowrie. —s3a^, calculation with 
cowries. -.-Rj^z^^r-i to play with 

^^cl kavane, s. A sling, -ts'^ 
a sling-stone. 

=a^;S* kavat^, ^^e 3^ sal. 

=!fSjf2 kavana, s. Poetry, verse. 
2. invention, fabrication. —7^^ 
a poet. — ^yo ^), _ ^o^as> to 
compose verses; to caricature. 
—zjsi-rS^i^to exaggerate, invent. 

=^sj^fi kavalige, see ^9^. 

=5 S3 1)3* kavatu, s. Drill, military 

=ctO, =^^5^6 kavi, kavlsvare, i'. 

A poetr" 
=CT^I, =ctS^ kavite, kavitva, s. 

Poetry,^ poem, verse. 
=ad,o^?d, =CTd,ci,Aj kavundrasa, 

kavudrasa, i'. A cancer on the 

=^3D0jj, ^^^jracoo kasaya, kashaya, 

j-. A decoction, extract. — ■^o 

^o>^S) to extract, or prepare a 

"uh kasi, i". Graft, grafting. — ^ 

"^^^ to graft. 

pisi, kasukusu, kasukusu, adv. 
In bated breath, in a whisper. 
— ojDiTJos> to whisper. 

=3*^^a, =c^^^2:ikasidi,kasibi,^. Em- 
broidery, ornamental needle 

"uS-ti kasyapa, s. The name of 
deified sage. 

=CT^, kashta, s. Trouble, hard- 
ship. 2. labour, toil, —m,?) a 
time of difficulty, —^jbh^^^ 
to give trouble. — r;iSorfojrj to 
be afflicted, to sufi'er. — soo 
a^s, —-rfj^o^^ to work hard, 
take pains. 

^c'.Si,^, kashtishta, s. Enmity 
and friendship; love and 

'unf'vK^'^ kas\ikasuka, ^. A sound 
produced when anything is 




'v kala 

^o^x/SDOSo, =^p^^ri-50oo i:asy.kayi, 

kasijgayi, see "^Ti^^oao. 
^rj^Jf kasuriji, see ^?i5. 

'^Ti kasa, ^f^^". Brackish. ^'^%-— 

an3'thing over salted. 
=s^?t kasa, s. Sweepings, rubbish. 

^?do£3* kasaut^, s. Eancidity. 

2. sediment. «^'. Rancid. 
^^o^o*?? kasakase, j". Poppy seed 

of Papavcr somniferiim. 
^70=5*, kasakka, adv. Forcibly, 

hardly; deeply, —^o^r^ to 

prick forcibly, as a thorn. 

_3ir^^ to speak so as to affect 

another's interest, to betray. 
'a^ow, 't'^^i kasaha, kasabe, s. 

The chief station of a district. 
'^^t^'k kasabisi, see XaSeas!. 
=5'?;ji:o kasabu, s. Profession, 

trade, business. 
=CT?j^JS5:^ kasamalij, see ^?te^6. 

=5?vD^ kasaru, s. Remainder. 2. 
X)rofit. 3. sediment. 

t5^?oO% =^x;5?^ kasaria, kasarige, i". 
Dross of smelted iron. 2, 
fissure, flaw, holes. 3. a 
particle. —£3j3s;^^oo> to remove 
the fissures of any metallic 

'ui^'^k kasakasi, s. Haggling. 

=5?0'9:S^ kasabisi, see ^Sb5. 

=u7rft>Q^d kasaya, see ^sscdo. 

o3j kasayi, kasayigare, kasayi- 

daye, s. A butcher. 
^k kasi, .s-^^ ^a. j-^a^a. 

=CTA}^a, =s^?jj;£) kasidi, kasudi, see 

"u^ kase, i'. The strings or ties 
of a jacket. — ^J2eew a whip. 
_^wo^?i to fasten the strings 
of a jacket. 

^rj3,o2j kaskayi, adj. Half ripe. 

=ct;^^ kasti;i, s. Force, pressure. 
adj. Violent, severe. 2. dan- 
gerous. —Tic^ki dangerous 
sickness. — ■sli^^o^S) to press, 
force; also ^^^ . 

'^TiJ^^ kasturi, s. ]\Iusk. —^ a 
species of jessamine. Ti^o^ 
^— Curcuma zedoaria ; ^. e?f3 
^o&f". — -s^o^A a musk deer. 
^y— musk-mallow, Hcbicus 

"^T^sc^ kasmalu, adj. Unclean, 
filthy, loose. — "^^ a nasty 

=^3oe? kahale, s. A bugle, "rff®— 
a large bugle. 

=^^ kala, sec ^^. 

=^^o=o^kalanku,5'. A spot, blemish. 
2. turbidness, muddiness. 
3. mistake, i. suspicion. — ^e5 
turbid water. — ■si)^fo^ a sus- 
picious mind. ^^c3>)4^ to 
render turbid, s^^c^o^ to be 

=^^=5*°^, =5^T^5i^ kalakala, kalapala, 
s. A confused sort of noise 
produced as when wading 
through water, or shaking a 
whole cocoanut. 

'^^^'•^ kalakala, see ^^^v. 

=5^0^^ kalapuni, see ^<y^^. 

s^^sSj kalame, see ^e^^o. 

^^ kala 


=51)0111) kanda 

^^^^ kalavala, s. Anxiety, al- 
arm. 2. anguish, sorrow. 
_e?L^^ to be anxious, agitated, 
or confused. 

^^^ kalavu, s. Theft, robbery. 

^iA kalase, see ^z)^. 

=5^ kali, see s'eS. 

^^OJoo^ kaliyuni, see ^Qodoosi. 

^^j kalu, adj. False, untrue, 
not reliable, s. Fraud ; cheat- 
ing. 2. trick. 3. a lie, false- 
hood. —sj^iS^ a falsehood. 
—ria-Sj^ perjury, false evidence- 
— 3jf^S> to tell lies. 

^s;*js3 kaluve, see "^^^ 

^s? kale, see ^^. 

=^s?oA* kaleng^, see s'doK. 

=d^h'^ kalepini, see ^eSLs). 

=^^cdoo^, =a^^^ kaleyuni, kale- 
vuni (^^jj ^'- ^2- To lapse, pass, 
as time. 2. to be exhausted, 
spent, as money. 3. to be- 
come loose, as the bauds of 
a box, ek.-, of. ^aodoo^. 

"i^^,^ kalkuni, see s'ooj?^. 

=5^^ kalve, s. A thief, robber. 

=^^ kalla, adj. Deceitful, dis- 
honest, unfair. 2. under, sub- 
ordinate ; additional, s. Dis- 
honesty. 2. stealing ; of. ^^o. 
— ^jseS the swelling gums in 
teething. — i^ei^ an addition- 
al piece of split bamboo. 
— -rfjtjS an under roof. 

^^olo, ^'^ol3r^ kallanti, kallanti- 
V ' v . .... J .. . • 

ge, .y. Dishonesty. 2. false- 

t5^ kalli, i". The milk-hedge, 
Euphorbia ; the prickly-pear, 
Opiintia dillenii. 2. the fruc- 
tification of the hemp plant 
or Cannabis saliva. ^'5—, 
^jseS— , ^zf— , ^jj^j^_ are its 
varieties: of. ^e3. 

=^°|,7^ kallige, s. A very tender 

^^, kalle, .yt:^ s'sJq. 

=^^ kalle, s. A kind of grass. 
2. .st'^ ^^• 

=^•0- kakski, s. Objection or reply 
in argument. 2. wrangling, 
arguing. 3. one party as op- 
posed to another; also — 7\d-5. 
^§— an opposite party. 

=5D 0=3^0 0:^00^ kankariyuni, z'. n. 
To hawk, force up phlegm 
with a noise; to hem. 

^s^oA^ kangi^, i". A dark-blue 
cloth worn by lower classes 
of people, or used for bed- 
ding, etc. 

=5Do?ij^ kanguni (^oK), v. n. 
To be dejected. 2. to become 

=5"3oSa^ kancana, .y. Gold. 2. 
money ; (^/.yc ^sce^^r®, ^sotFsji. 

=5-3 oz& kanci, .y<?^ ^cel. 

S'^o^, ^a^oiio kante, kantya, .y. 
A large basket. 

^^o3^ kanda, s. A section, divi- 
sion of a book. 

Se)oS^s3, ^"^oCd^FJ kandava, kan- 
davana, s. Indra's garden. 

5"3ot3j)05a kaudayi, s. A kind of 
fish. ' 

^e)o^ kandi 


^e)£j kata 

^DoSa* kandilu, s. A kiud of 

tree; cf. ^0^6. 
W5zd kande, adv. Early iu the 

morning, s. Morning. 
=oDo^o5o kandeyi, sc^ ^soznsow. 

=5lizd'zj^ kandelu, ^. A kind of 
tree, growing near saltwater. 

'cUct'^ kantane, i". A iiot. 

S'Sovlkanti, s. Effulgence, splen- 
dour, lustre. 2. beauty, love- 

^e)oi kante, s. A wife. 2. a 
beloved female. 

^"SosJc* kamparu, s. A carcass. 
2. a nasty man (t/^.) (^'dj. 
Nasty; filthy. 2. pot-bellied. 

^s)oef!jJ;::a kambodi, s. The name 
of a tune. 

wso'i kankshe, s. Wish, desire. 
2. passion, appetite. 

^^^', =SD=3^J kak^, kaku, adj. 
Bad, corrupt. — ^';^ disso- 
lute, vicious. — ^to=#5 wicked 

=u3=5^ kaka, ^^^ ^^e* 

=a«;=a2^^ kakaballi, s. The creeper 
]Slegretia gig ant ea. 

^0e)^£3 kakaji, i"."6^ ^sX^. 

^e)-o- kaki, ff<^'. Black, dark. 

^e)=5*s)S;^ kakula, ^. Rashness. 

=5="5»=^??JS^ kSkesoppu, 5-. The me- 
dicinal plant Phylanlhus 
inultiflorics\ also 5'^^;€.?^. 

=ae)ric2 kao^aji, i'. Paper. 2. a 
letter. — sotS?:?- to write or 
address a letter. '^^— stamp- 

^e)r\ kagi, s. A brown colour. 

=a3t5*, =ae)2c kaciji, kaci, .9. Catechu, 
Acacia catechu. 2. the sedi- 
ment of boiled areca-nut. 

=ae)Sc=3^£i kacikalli, ^. A money 
bag of net-work. 

=0325=^00 £00 d kacikumbuda, ^. A 
small species of ash-gourd. 

=0323 ka]i, s. A Mohammedan 
judge <?;' priest. 

=ai):3 kaji, ^. A glass bangle worn 
round the wrist; also —20^. 
_^c?^ cat-eyed, blue-eyed. 

^DSdj kaju, s. A brown-coloured 
dog with black stripes. 

5Dej^ katiji, «i//'. Wild, rude. 
—s^s^fo the wild peepul tree, 
Urosti^jjia arftotfiantim. — ^c 
eifi' the fruit of the creeper 
Momordica dioica. —^5 a 
rough stone. — ^oso a wild or 
jungle fruit. — ^?n a bulbous 
root of Dracontium polyphyl- 
lum. —-Rj&^A a bull-bison. 
—sj6 a bottle gourd, Lagcna. 
ria vulgaris. — ie^j wild coc- 
co, Colocasia nymphaefolia. 
—ji^Sroo the tree Turnera 
ulmifolia. --ttztx wild green- 
gram, Phaseolus rostratus. 
—^•ko wild tobacco. Lobelia 
nicotianaefolia. —"izi-t a wild 
plantain tree. -^"^ a wild 
tree. —-I^'^:>. see ^&2. 

^-gykata, s. Trouble, annoyance, 
vexation. 2. danger; also 
saws'. sgsS K o'y cSoe^ 5sy the 
cat's play is the death of mice. 

^■3^ kata 


=5t)3 kdti 

=s=^eJ kata, s. A pyre, pile. -aj3 
•cJoS) to prepare a funeral pile. 

tfseJofI katanne, s. A fowler's 
idol, consisting of some white- 
washed stones decorated with 
flowers. —f\ ^0^0^ ?j to make an 
offering to it. 

^■5)£3=aD03J katakayi, 5-. Mutiny, 
rebellion. 2. pillage, plunder. 

^■^y^CT, S'sei^, =5iiUA katake, 
katike, katig-e, ^. A trouble- 
some fellow. 

=53l3>BF katarti, s. The wild fig- 
tree, Baiihinia tomentosa. 

^"S^ai^ katale, s. A rude man. 

^"sei kati, i". A bison. 

=g'3e3^o^ katiry, s. A kind of tree. 

^"ssJo^ katuni, see ^^-<^o?^. 

^s)^ kate s. A wild untamed 

^■©^cjj kateru, see s>)^. 

=51>T^ kad^, s. A jungle, forest. 
adj. Wild, rude; cf. treeS. 
— ^^ forest and river-bank. 
— ^tSjss^o, — ^TSthe plant Todda- 
lia aciilcata. —-uZa wild fire. 
—^j5 a jungle sheep. — ^jso^rSa 
lower class of people speaking 
the Konkani language. — =^j9?a 
a jungle fowl. —d-.sB a wild 
class or tribe. — ^rJ^j^^ a 
rustic or rude man. — S)?5 
rain-water rushing through 
a jungle and washing down 
all the rubbish in its course. 
— -rfra^So (/^V. a jungle-uncle), 
a tiger. — '^a a wild beast. 

s^tis^ioaooci the angular-leaved 

physic-nut, Jatropha curcas. 

SDZ^ kada, adj. Wild, untamed. 

^■3cS'3=5^a kadakadi, see ^r^^a. 

?e)(3'3^ kadane, s. A wild ele- 
^"3^^^^ kadikalu, s. A kind of 


^"3S=ffJ3d/*) kadikorag^e, s. A man 

of the Koragar caste living 

in jungles. 
^"3^?^ kadige ^. A collyrium of 

lamp-black and oil. — 2C-5^Br5 

a collyrium box. 
^■3S^"3o5o kadinaye, see'siiXi,'§js>-^-K, 

"SDZid^, kadulli, s. The Indian 
squill, Scilla hidica. 

=5=-3sl kade, s. A quail, Tetras 

^gaJCiOo ^ kadyuni (tJsS), v. a. To 
trouble, torment, importun- 
ate; also 7v)TiJoS. 

=s=c)fo^rj'5)^^, =^■^^5?j■^^^) kanusa- 
vuni, kanisavuni (^f^?3a), v. a. 
To show, represent, mention. 

=5c)ra^0r kauapurli, s. The bird 

=g3ri) kaui, s. The fraction one- 

s="3rl)=^, ^g'srsrikanike, kanige, s. A 
money offering; a present to 
a superior. — ^jabrfi, — 3?i)S), 
— o33Z^oS) to make an offering. 

SDrl kaiie, ^. A kind of fish. 
— ^5 long-legged. — ssoc^oSo 
a long legged man. 

=5=1)3 kati, see' jjdoB. 


=ae)|j3 kato 


^1)^0 kami 

=a?i-'5r30^ katonuni, rcfi. v. (of 
^ssg^) To wait; to expect. 

=a5)3ji;y kadEta, s. A fight, war, 

^^ '■■ 


=ai)c3Ddo^ kadaduni (s^c^S)^ 

To fight. 
=cDa kadi, see ^s3. 
=CT3a kadi, see s^a. 
=u^u1j^ kaduni (5>;5), t'. 72. To 

quarrel, fight, wrestle. 
Ss)?o kana, ^. A rookery. 

s^c^, =5e)^f^ kana, kanana, s. A 

forest, jungle, wood. 
^s^^iD^Sr kanapurli, 5^^ ^re 

^°-^^- _ [lation. 

^^njja^i* kaniinu, s. Arule, regu- 

^■e)j5 kane, ^(?^ S^^B, a::^^, 

=a35S7!U kapata, ^. The act of 

watching; guard. 
^4)?jDdo^ kapaduni (tos^dS), e'. «. 

To protect, preserve. 
w?ih kapi, ^. Coffee. 
^e)^kapu,5'. Protecting 

ing, tending. 3. brooding; 

hatching. 4. a scarecrow. 

_K '^::,^:i^ri to brood; to hatch. 

— a??;Q to set up some thing in 

a field or garden, to avert 

the effects of evil eyes ; to set 

up a scarecrow. 
^t)^^ kapuni (^), v. a. To 

watch, guard. 2. to keep, 

preserve, protect. 3. to wait. 
^D^'^ kapele, s. A watchman. 
^Dd) kappu, see to^. 

=5s)sjj kama, ^. Desire, wish. 
2. lust, passion. 

=a3djorrao3j kamangayi, s. A 

wild species of green gram, 

Phaseolus rostratus. 
S«)sl)^, ^ijdj^s) kamaka, kama- 

ka, adv. Positively certainly. 
u«)si)^;l©jjOkamakasturi,^. Sweet 

Basil, Ocimum Basilicum. 
=a3;jjAi)&, kamagari, s. Work ; 

also g^'rfjSDQ, ss^Tj. 

^"ss^jd kamade, s. A liberal man. 

=u5)^s^?nJ kamadhenu, s. The 
cow of Indra's paradise, said 
to give whatever is wished. 

^^SjjS5"3?3 kamapale, s. A name 
of Balarama,' the elder broth- 
er of Krishna. 

'^i>t.<i''b kamali, sec ^^e9. 

=c3doC)5D3 kamavikara, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection. 

=ffe)dJ3£3kamate, ^. A man of the 
mercantile class. 2. a nig- 
gardly or cunning man. 

^^sjj^sou kamatura, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection, adj. Libi- 

=5Ds:)J5D kamari, s. Siva the 
enemy of Cupid. 

^■s^JsqSr kamartha, see ^^re^qir. 

^■3SJ3S-o- kamakshi, s. A goddess. 

^c)^j kami, i'. A debauchee, 

^c)Oo3^q5F kamitartha, i". The 

object of desire. 
=ac)^-^ kamini, s. A pretty 

^^^0 kamili, see ?f3^e3. 

=51) C; J 



©DCoj kaye 

^g^sDoi^jj^ kamisuni (^■s^oJ), v. a. 
To covet; to wish. 

"ciitj^^^ kamuka, adj. Lustful, 
libidinous, ^^o^ a libidi- 
nous man. 

^■ssSj kame, s. Cupid. 

=gi)s3j€) kameli, s. A kind of 
jaundice. eriD=<o— a dropsical 
kind of jaundice. ^^„— a sali- 
vary kind of jaundice, sj^o 
0— jaundice with scab. 

^S'S^Oa kamya, adj. Desirable, 

=G3J:io?oSi^r kamyartha, s. The 
object of desire. 

=5=a)OJo kaya, .y. The body. — ^^^^ 
bodily exertion. — aocS the 
heart. — ^^ stoutness. —^4^ 
?i to commit suiside. -z^:)t\ 
» to lay down the body, to 

=g^Ojjo, ^=i)Ojjdo* kayam, kayamu, 
s. Permanency, settled state. 
adj. Fixed, confirmed, per- 
manent. — ^ori permanent 
employment, —-^^^r-^ to con- 
firm, settle, establish. 

^e)OJo^o kayame, sec ^crfo^o. 

r"«)OJOD* kayar^, see ^o3o&. 

^uDOjjs:^, =a30jj^^ kayal^, kaya- 
1^, .y. A folded tender leaf of 
plants or trees. 2. season- 
ing. — f^'iS a tender leaf; ^l 

=030^0 !ij kayale, ^<:^ ^osod 
^■so2ci!Sj^ kayavuni, <:. t'. (f?/"^ 
orfoo^) To have anything warm- 
ed, burned, boiled. 


^^o3o kayi, s. An unripe fruit 
of any kind. 2. a cocoanut. 
3. the seed. — 55^?i, — ^rfoeco a 
kind of cake. — ^cif vegeta- 
bles and roots; pulse. — ^2§4 
vegetables in general. — ^j*?;? 
a kind of cake. 
worfoor^ to cbew the cud 
t^ to over-boil; to get loose. 

^■soiJto, ^■soSjd; kayida, kayide, s. 
Rule, regulation. 2. custom. 

^D02os^^ kayipuni, ^. 7'. {of ^ 
0500^) To make hot, warm, as 
water. 2. to fry, broil. 

=ae)aSo^^ kayipuni, see ^^4S). 

=S303J23 kayile, i". Sickness. 
=a"302o§^ kayilita, <2;^//- Infertile. 
=5i)OJoj^ kayuni f^oso), 77. 72. To 

burn, to be hot. 2. to get 

ripe. 3. to be feverish. 4. 

to become angry. 5. to be 

tight, or fast; see ^cojs;^. 

7\6V.~ a knot to be tight or 

fast. djao80o— the sun to be 

very hot. S)e5^— water to boil. 

eoc^— to be very hungry. ^0 

oso— to be feverish or hot. '^ja 

^— bread to bake. 
^DoSoD* kayerij, s. Strychnia, 

Nux voviica. also — ^osj. 

—■;So"d the nux vomica tree. 

— rf 20o:is>/^ Loranthits lonice- 

^SDcSjg*^^ kayerijpuli, i". A kind 

of sour-leafed tree. 
^^o3jo* kayelu, s. The state of 

being green or unripe. 2. 

seasoning. — Cflbs) to become 


^■3c3j5^ kayo 


Wz>t kara 

green or fresh, —^jzhr^i to 

^DoSJl^tl kayode, s. A kind of 

^i;C* kariz, ^. The leg. 2. the 
foot. — - "^^^ knuckle. — - 
83^6 the toe. — ?it5=^ going 
or -walking on foot. —^^'•S, 
the ancle, ie^::^ the stalk 
of cocco, Artcm colocasia. 
—■rfo?S a footstool. — SA^Tiofj to 
tread or fix the foot, —'^s^hr?^ 
to run away. — 3ii)do^ to slip 
the foot, lose balance; to be 
reduced in one's circum- 
stances. —s^':5 the thigh, -a? 
h?i to place the foot. — ?^?t5oS) 
to stretch the leg. — 3i©o^?> to 
prostrate, do obeisance. 

"^DO^ kar)^, adj. Black, dark. 
—sxiz'?Ii lightning issuing from 
black clouds. — -^IjoaS black 
clouds, --w^^ see m)'5^r0. 

"uixf^Sif;) karukune, s. A clerk, 

^15C*.5JSn karijkhai; c, s. An 
establishment. 2. a work- 
shop. 3. management. 

^^dd'sojI kar^tude, s. The thigh. 

=oj)0^e3«)Q^, ^^c*2!?G^ kariibarij, 

karubsru, see miZz^rE. 
=u5ti kara, ^. Tasting or smelling 

hot; also sott^. adj. Hot, sharp, 

pungent. -^— alura. 
Wi)t kara, s. A prison, jail. 
^e)C! kara, ^ terminal ion affixed 

to a letter, as ^zz-i the letter 

=a^dor( karaiiga, ^. A cutaneous 
disease which renders the 
skin black. — ^^„^ to suffer 
from such a disease. 

=DDdo22 karanji, s. An artificial 
fountain, a kind of siphon; 
an underground channel. 

^«)doy karanta, see ^d^ocy. 

=a'SdoCa karanda, <^<r/r'. Excessive- 
ly, exceedingly, very. -^^ 
very bitter. 

rDdod karande, ^t:^ 5c-5r. 

=a3d=5'karaka,^. An agent. 2. act- 
ing, doing, gram. 3. a tax. 
—"ij&tr^ to pay a tax. 

SDw^cr^' karakann^, s. The 
ankle. — ^s'owo^-'i to thump the 
ankle, as a punishment. — 'si^w 
w, ej®o ?^ to dress down to the 
ankles, z. ^. completely; to be 

=ae)d=3*ci, ^Ddrlcar! karakada, ka- 
ragadaga, s. A kind of anklet. 

=ae>D=5D0uJ karakayi, see ^S^oso. 

=CTe)d=CT0oe3, ^■5;c;=5^j£j., ^i)c!rijoei 
karakunta, karakutta, kara- 
gunta, s. A disease of cattle, 
called Epyzootic aphthae, 

^a3Cr>o£j* karagantu, s. The ankle. 
2. a corn on the toe. — ^ie94 
» to fracture the ankle. 

=aSCjfikaradi, s. A footstep. 2. the 
sole of the foot. 

=a't)dr^karana,.y. Reason, purpose, 
motive. 2. cause, as opposed 
to effect. 

=aDZjd'u karanika, s. A miracle. 
2. supernatural power, adj. 

=a2)d kara 


=dD^ kala 

Miraculous, supernatural. — sS 

■cJjm a prophet. 
^srf2Je)D^ karabarij, ^6^^ ^y^eosrS. 
^e)ds3 karave, i". One belonging 

to the class of the Konkani 

speaking fishermen. 
=5e;cra23 karaji, s. A low class of 

=51)173^?^ karadige, see ^r^sS. 
^DD"3SJ)^ karavuni, c.z'. {of ^tfo 

I) To cause to vomit. 
=S^a kari, A termination affixed 

to nou7is to signify one''s 

profession^ as, ^^a a beg- 
^■sS kari, s. A nest. 2. a black 

bull, ox. adj. Black, dark. 

— ^^„ a black cow. "5^^— a 

raven-nest. — ^wj,^ to build 

a nest. 
=5i)do^ karuni (^5), "'. «. To 

=5e)C3jd), karuppu, ^. A strong or 

black sort of salt. 
=s=e)do2o^D^ karubarii, .y^^^ ^zjsrU. 

^^dJ3do^ karuruni, ^^^ ^S- 

=g^6 kare, ^^^ ai>"5. 

=5e)d kare, s. A kind of neck-lace 
or collar. ^^„e33^ a brass col- 
lar worn by pariah women. 

=a'5)6s'303j karekayi, .y. A dried 
date fruit. — ::! ^^5 rotten 

. or shrivelled date fruits. —^ 
■s^-i^ a date tree. 

'u'sSj?)^^ karolu, s. A kind of 
wild Cacinia Indica. 

■w&^o karya, see 5^odor. 

=Se)=^ro karkala, s. The town 

of Karkal. 
^D^DF^ karkala, s. Cloudy or 

rainy weather. 
^sjrira^d kargattale, ^. Thick 

=gi)Cc!r€ karnike, .y^^ ^rJr=^. 

=a'3>Br karti, ^. The third solar 
month. 2. the sign of Gemini 
in the zodiac. ~ri> sdj^ the 
first crop. — ^!2 the worship 
of an idol, consisting of 
waving of lamps in fulfilment 
of a vow. 

'SBvIr^^ kartika, s. The eighth 
lunar month. 

=5=s)ir5;^, '^Dt'F'g^ kartell!, kar- 
telij, see ssSr. 

^"3SJFr?n karpanya, s. Trouble, 
vexation; importunity, dun- 
ning. —eooS^^si to trouble, dun. 

=5^a3^FQ* karbaru, s. Paile, man- 
agement, superintendence ; 
control. sseo^rS a manas^er, 

^s^sjoorrio^ karmugalu, s. A dark 

^"SOJJF karya, s. Work, busi- 
ness, affair. 2. a ceremony. 
3. cause, motive. 4. effect. 

=S=s)^F karve, see ^Ti5. 

"Qwc^ kalu, s. A quarter, the 
fourth i^art of a unit. adj. 

^=De; kala, ^. Time, tense of the 
verb. 2. season. — 2^^ oi a 
diviner, seer ; an astrologer. 
— d^ the revolution or circle 

tSD^ kala 


=ae)^ kavi 

of time. — de?si the vicis- 
situde of the times, evil days ; 
misfortune, — ^-^ot^ the right 
man in the right place, a man 
whose life opens a new epoch 
in human affairs. — e^erf the 
vicissitude of time ; change of 
seasons. — xlc^ the conjunc- 
tion of two periods of time, 
as morning, noon, evening. 
_^^r®, whiliug away time, 
procrastination. — "^e^ liveli- 
hood, maintenance. — ^^?:?), 
— :S^?ito while away the time; 
to procrastinate; to live 
wretchedly, —zdhr^ the end 
to approach, to die. 
^s^sje; kala, aci(/'. Black, dark. 

^aoie^oA*, ^"stJorikalangUjkalana^a, 
s. A lever. — a^jyjs- to lift with 
a lever. 

=CTe)^r\3 kalagati, s. The pro- 
gress or condition of time. 

Si)^23^Sn, =5-3e;23^Cora kalajiri- 
ge, kalajirdari, s. Black cum- 
min seed, Vhmo7zia anthel- 

'U^^htj kalapilli, s. A silver 
ornament worn on the toes. 

=a'3e;23id^ kalabheirave, s. One 


of the sons of Siva. 

=s='3e;0oc^=^ kalaminike, s. A kind 
of medicine. 

=aa)^dodj, ^5)23^0^^ kalarudre, 
kalantake, s. Siva the de- 

=ge)^oodr3kalaharana, s. Whiling 
away time. 

^i)^)^^si kalakshepa, s. Passing 

or whiling away time. 2. 

maintenance, support. 
^^^^Do^dkalaiitara,^. The course 

or lapse of time. 
'5i)'Dii^^ kalavadhi, s. The end 

of a year, season or period 

of time. 
^e)£) kali, see s^seS. 

^e)C)rij?2jj, kaligobbu, s. A kind 
of game. 2. playing for no- 

=^d£is3 kalive, s. A channel for 
irrigation. 2. a canal. 

=CTs>5L)0 kalu, see ^^j. 

=01) s3 kale, see ^oe?. 

•S=s<23 kale s. A black man. 2. a 
black dog, etc. 

?"3^J3^Zo-^ kalocita, adj. Oppor- 
tune, well timed ; according 
to the times. 

=51)^0^, =cti)Sj£3 kavante, kavate, 
s. The tree Zanthoxylon 

^e)SJcc3 kavande, s. A master, 
lord, proprietor, owner. 

^■3;j^ kavadi, s. A split bamboo 
with ropes suspending from 
each end, for carrying bur- 
dens across the shoulders. 

^o^Sjs:^ kaval^ji'. Guard, custody, 
watch; protection, —c^-^ a 
guard, watchman. — aeb^ to 
place a guard. — -rfo^o^^ to 
mount guard. 

=aDSJ€) kavali, see ^s^rasS. 

=5=e)S kavi, s. Red ochre; also 

^e)S^ kavu 


=5D'Q kali 

^"SS^ kavu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. the rind or scraping of 
vegetables, eU. — 33^?iJfj to 
scrape away the skin of vege- 
tables, ek. 

"SD^ kave, adj. Red. — rf s'ocwo 
the red garb of an ascetic. 

^"SSjdsJod kaveramara, see sso3o5 

^e!s3^D kaveri, s. The river 
Kaveri. 2. a female's name. 
—Tio^c^ a festival in honor 
of that river held on the 1st 
day of the 7th solar month. 

=5i)s3;3S kavoli, s. A frying pan. 

^Dsio kavya, s. Poetry. 2. a 
poetical work; cf. ^rf?j, — ■^:rae3 
a garland of poetry, poetical 

=SDh kasi, s. Benares. adj. 
White. — ^A^ a white paper. 
— s>3^5, see 5s^5. — aojj^s?, —a 
oSjss? a Benares priest; an 
oppressor. — d©?^ the Indian 
corn, —ziri^ a strong, white 
cloth. — epaTNe'rf?! the Ganges 
water; also — Seq^r. 

=a'3li6j2^?i kasiroga, s. Lunacy. 

=5=i)(|PD^ kasmir^, s. The province 
of Cashmere. 2. a superior 
kind of woollen cloth. 

"51)^^0 ti kasyapa, s. A sage of 
that name. 

^s)^^o3j kashayi, .s-. The red 
garb of an ascetic. 

'S'Snj* kasu, s. A cash, an old 
copper coin worth half a 
pie. ^a— the fraction of a 

cash. ^Tdt^ a destitute or 
worthless man. Psion. 

^«)?dQ# kasarike, s. Selfconfos- 

=a"S?jD kasa, adj. Own. —S^-R o 
one's own younger brother. 

=s=-3rO kasi, see ^S. 

=5DniA kasige, adj'. Private, per- 
sonal. —«3a3^ private accounts. 

=a'3r03i)^ kasitali, s. The mar- 
riage badge worn round the 
neck of a woman. 

=ffi)3d^ kahala, adj\ Black, dark. 
~?i^F a kind of very poisonous 

^e)^^ kahale, see ^^s?. 

^DooD^JS^dri kahalorage, see ^s 

=D="3S?^ kal^, s. A grain, as of rice, 

=3=^^ kala, rt:c^'. Black, dark. 
— £3do a wild cat. — o3j-rfj a 
black buffalo. — t:^^ a very 
dark night. 

=5"3^oA^ kalangi^, see ^e;oK. 

^■3^=^J3£3, kalakotte, adv. Ex- 
tremely; very, —^/^extreme- 
ly bitter. 

=CT^^rt kalaga, s. War, fight, 

ws^zB^^fi kalajirige, see ^^^2^^- 

^^^sjj, kalamma, s. A name of 
Kali. 2. a female's name. 

^t)^ kali, i'. Blackness. 2. the 
goddess Kali. 3. a black cow. 

^a'S^oii kalinga, s. A bird. 2. a 
snake. 3. an elephant. — nd 
7?, —tj-Af a black serpent. 

^D§r( kaliga, see ^^7<. 

=De)§ kali 


tt-2or kici 

=ai)^3«)-3- kalitakshi, s. The fifty- 
second year of the Hindu 

'uD^UDi^ kalidase, s. A celebrat- 
ed ancient poet. 

=5'3§^aiJ kaliya, see 's^^j&^d-R. 

^oc)^o kalu, s. A black dog. 2. a 
man's name. adj. Black. 

=ffs)°^ kale, s. Death. [serpent. 

Wi)^Ji!^cA kalorag^e, s. A black 

■3-0^?^ kiakana, see •Sr®,'^. 

•3-o^d kinkare, .y. A man-servant, 
slave. -^c^-d^^ servitude, 

■o-o^Nkinkini, <74/'. Ti'ickish. —'^^^ 
800^, —3^,0 a trick; trickery. 
—821 a kind of medicine, see 

^0^0^^ kinkuni, see -CT^^o^fi. 

^orioci kingude, i't'^ ^oXocS. 

■S-c25^s/ kincanilia, ^. A red 

•S-olI kinde, ^(?^ f^o:^. 

•D-orti-S-U kinnikitti, i". Sounding, 

as a broken bell. 
■o-o^N kintana, s. Canvas. 2. 

linen. — 3^ocyj packing cloth. 
■S-oss;^, "S-os^ kintal^, kintala, s. 

The beam of a pair of scales ; 

also ziz^6. 
•S-o^O kinnari, J". A lute, fiddle. 

—■OTA, — ■s'Eo the tune of a lute. 


— aro8?ioa to play upon a lute. 
■§■0^ kinni, adj. Small, little, 
young, s. The young of an 
animal. 2. smallness. ^J3?&d_ 
a chicken. — free^osj uvula, 

epiglottis; a disease under 
the tongue, called frog, —t, 
^^ a small corn ; the Ricinus 
seed. —£21 a kind of rice. 
-8!it5^ the little finger ; of. ^r©j 
rse^SS". — aioa narrow-minded- 
ness; senselessness. — ■rfoe3 
old and young. — ■Sj???! a 
dejected face. — ae?^^, — sjs^^ 
to bring forth, yean, as sheep. 

^o^oJii kimpurushe, s. A fabu- 
lous bird with a human face. 

•S-odJS* kimmatij, s. Value, price. 
— ^yo,s> to fix the value. 

■§-oojro* kirmpil^, see ^hr6. 


■S^oz^-sr&j kirmbata, s. An itching 
sensation. 2. scratching. 

■o-o-JLro* kirmbil^, .?. The ear- 
wax. — eWo^A an ear-pick. 

•^o;::<rc)* kirmbill^, see ■ihF^. 

■o-oZO-vr^ kirmbuni (-o-o^^r), ?;. ??. 
To itch. ■:'. a. To rub, scratch. 

■S-csSr;:;* kirmbelu, .y. Itching. 
2. scratching. — ^?4 a kind 
of uettlish Cocco, Colocasia 

x:T\ kigg^a, adj. Little, small. 

■S-eS-o-Zc kicikici, s. Chirping. 2. 
prattling, adj. Bruised, jel- 
lied. —^s>^T^ to tread to a 
jelly. — ^s;*oi^S) to chirp; to 

■§-2§.^, -S-sSa kicidi, kicedi, s. 
Boiled rice mixed with split 
pulse and jaggory. — eoorerf 
^e^ a female's brown coloured 

■6-Za kici 



■S•^c;^ kicita, see ^s|. 
■S-2^ oi kiccadi, see -^eaa. 



•S-23-, -S-z^j, -SeS kicci,kiccu, kicce, 

2^ ^ ^ lis 

s. Jbire. 2. envy. 3. indiges- 
tion, disorder of the stomach. 
"Gini— a jungle fire 
envy, hatred. 
■ortaS, -o-zIjwiS kiccidi, kiccodi, 
see xs'bj^. 

^1% © kicceli, s. A musk-rat. 

i§-2si^^, xji2i)Z^^ kijani^, kijanu, i". A 
kind of fish, -^^io its spawn. 
■^t^'SJj^ kijaluni, see X^oo^. 

■^Eo^eo kijikitti, ^. A boy's toy; 

a rattle. 
h'&tJ& kijibiji, see AaBsSe!. 

■§-2^ejo^ kijeluni, see aiSoo^. 

■S-w^^ kituka, ^^^ ^c^^. 

^^^^^^ kitiikit^, s. Annoyance, 
disturbance, teasing. -astS a 
tormentor. -ei-L^tobe vexed. 
-^o^o^S) to vex, disturb. 

•S-ai kiti, see ■§■5. 

•^eo-§- kitiki, s. A window. 

^13^13 kitikiti, s. Ticking, as a 
watch; a small sound pro- 
duced by tapping on a flat 
substance. 2. giggling, titter- 
ing. -i£)o^si to titter. 

^^ kitta, s. Sediment of boiled 
areca-nut. 2. scoria; dross 
of smelted iron. 3. proximity. 
adj. Near. -sst5j^ to repair 
or cement an earthen or stone 
vessel with the powdered 

x>^ kidi, s. A spark. 2. a small 

precious stone. -Q'b^ to 
become enraged. — srar^o^, ^-d 
^^•> — ^4^> sparks to fly. 

^r5 kini, s. Wit, keenness, cun- 
ning. -7?.B2.-o^ro to play tricks. 
— ij3&!s4^ to show one's cun- 

•S-r3T§-r^ kinikini, i'. The tinkling of 
small bells ; a clinking sound. 

^rio* kinilu, s. The noise made 
by the fall of a small bell, etc. 

^r9,r3 kinkana, adj. Little. -83 
^^ the little finger. 

■S-r^j,^ kinkuni, see ■S-nOjS). 

•crs o"' kinnalu, s. A brass cup. 

^3DZo^ kitab^, j-. A book, 2. 

the Koran. 
■^3^ kittu, see -S-^. 

•S-5^ kitt^, j". Lightning. -'^S^^ 

lightning to flash. 
*^0, ^^^, ^i kittali, kittili, 

^ ^ A 

kitle, s. An orange. 
^%^ kittuni (^§,), 7'. 72. To 
flutter; to be in agitation. 

■S-:3^o=s'ra kid^nkana, see •Sr^^r®. 

^Cj*oc?j kidumbre, s. A brass 
ear-ring; cz/ji? ^OoctSj. 

, ., , . -rf- ^ 

kidukili,i, kidi^kel\i, kidkulu, 

kidkeliji, s. The armpit. 2. 

tickling, -eyajsi to be ticklish. 

— s:3z5jrj to tickle. 
•§-cJo2ood kidambure, j"^^ ^Soe3j. 
•S-a kidi, i't:^? ^a. 

•ertS kide, s. A cow-pen, stall. 

— ^i^ a manger; ef. &tiA. 
■S-^^^o^i kinijikuiii, see -o-^Oj^ 

•S-^' kin^ 


To-^*r kirkijL 

xr^^c^, •o-?CD'', -a?^©^ kinur^, ki- ■ 
nar^, kinalij, s. A bit, trifle. 

■S•^ra6 kinare, ^. Margin, bank, 
shore. 2. border, edge. 

■c-cJ^?> kinikini, see -S-rf^rf. 

■o-^?i kinkana, see ■&re_o©. 

•^f^j^^ kinkuni (^S.), z^. a. To 

■S-?1^S kinnari, see ■^o^t>. 

■c-^j kinni, .y^^ ^-^■ 

■o-^^r^ kinyappe, i". A mother's 

younger sister. 
■S-^-^do. kinyamme, s. A father's 

younger brother. 
•S-^^c ^ kinyavu, ^. The young of 

an animal. 2. a little thing; 

CT, u ww. 

kipaya, kipayatu, kiphayiti, s. 

Profit, gain, advantage. 
^l\^ kippilij, see -o-LrfS. 
^^ kippu, see ^^^5oo^. 

■&s5 kippe, s. A pile, heap. 

— 3:?;t1j?j to heap up. 
^sjj;^ kimmatu, see -ac^S. 
•S-oijozl kiyude, see ^^"d. 
•S-C^oZOj^) kiri^mbuiii, see -S-osDorsi. 
rD^Jo^ kir^du, ^^^ ■o'Sr. 
•o-o^^s:* kirubillu, ^^^ ^br^. 

CO ' ' 

uijoz^ kiranci, s. Mire, mud. a^*. 

Miry, dirty, foul. 
■c-drQ kiraua, ^. A ray or beam 

of light. 
•o-drs kirani, -J. A kind of itch; 

also '^'rfrS. 3^rf. 

■=-Oi)ikirate, ^. A hunter, fowler ; 
a forester. 

■S-0, -S-do kiri, kiru, «^'. Small, 
little, young. 2. low, mean. 

■0-0=5* £:f -s-S^^sJo^ kirikatti^, ki- 
rikattuni, ^^iC -^^B^Uo a, under 

■0-D-o-S kirikiri, s. Disturbance, 
annoyance. 2. creaking, as 
shoes, etc.\ of. s^TJ^a. — s:;sidoa 
to prattle. — •s5o'?'o|s^^ to disturb. 

*on, ^Sri kirigi, kirige, s. The 
garment worn by a girl ; «/.?(? 

■o-sri, ^D?^ kirigi, kirige, s. An- 
noyance. —^^0,^^ to annoy. 

x;'ozf kiridu, ^^^ ^^f^- 

■o-Scdj?3* kiriyat^, 5". Chirayit 
gentian, Ophelia chirata. 

■S-DoSj kiriye, s. Exorcising; char- 
ming a demon. 

■o-£c5- kiriye,^. A junior, younger 

■S-O^y kirita, s. A crown, diadem. 
•S-S;6js?>z;S a king. 

•s-dj kirn, i-^^ •^&. 

•§•(5 kire, ^^^ ^'*5. 

•o-wG?T kirengu, ^^^ t?x5ch. 

^dozckirencijj-^^ ^'i'::''^. 

■S-doZcJ^ kirencuni, .y^^ =??-5c2^os). 

^^SiO^ kirejuni (^€^), z;.^. To 

cut, as straw, grass-stumps 

etc. 2. to scrape or clear, as 

the ground. 
^dlj^, -o-d^^, •o-6rf;?j kirepini, 

kirepuni, kirevuni, .y^^ ^■SsgiS). 
■o-=5^F kirkyi, .?. A creaking 


•S-s'r kirka 


■S-^ef kice 

-S-^^rs?^, ^^ctf^ kirkaliji, kirkala, 
s. Annoyance, trouble, teiis- 


2. a gram. 

^rif^o kirgatti, ^. A small knife. 

2. a short sword. 
■3-rijr«^ kirgulla, s. A small 

kind of brinjal. 
•S-^Fu kirtara, ^. An inferior 

sort or kind. 
•o-ui*r kird]^, rt;^//'. Inferior, not 

■S-ojfg^ ■S-zirt:*' kirpilij, kirbillij, 

j'. A hut, small temporary 

■S-o35«)'^3* kiryatij, see -^Sorfrei. 
iS-i^gF kirse, see *^Sa. 

■S-o^oEoo, -^25*200, •S-e;jdJO kilum- 

bu, kil^bu, kilumu, see -S-eSos!). 
■S-o kila, J". The belly. 2. a bag. 

_Qo3iti4^ to fill or feed the 

■c^^^ kilakila, s. Chirping. 

2. screeching, adv. Heartily. 

— ^e5;gi^) to laugh heartily. 
■§■©0200, ^o:)too kilimbu, kilubu, 

see -S-eSce!!. 
*©^0 kilikili, see ^o^e*. 
■&s3oZo kilenji, ^. A fly. 

■S-53o"tv, ■&s3o2oo kilembi, kilembu, 
s. Rust, verdigris, corrosion. 

■^■do"^D kilembiri, i'. Cream. 
2. scum, 
froth to form 

i3- 23=3*051 kilekuni (■S'«3F), t'. ^. 
To draw out, pull. 2. to 
irritate, provoke; to stir, 

^d^^ kilepuni, see ^«3^oj. 

^5$^^, -^sS^sJ^ kilevuui, kile- 
vuni (■o"?^, -o-do)^ ^. ;2. To 

whistle. 2. to resound. 

■§■53^ kilesi, see "^'3^. 

■u^X kilbu, i-^f? ^e?o83. 

^e3 kille, .y. A fort, -c:^^ the 
commander of a fort. 

■^■SjcI, -o-^i:! kivade, kivude, s. 
A deaf man. -S-jijtio deaf. 

•o-.|-o^(l kisikisi, s. A titter, laugh. 

•§■?/, xrk kis^, kisi, i'. Grinning. 
2. a fragment. 3. trouble. 
4. hinderance. — '^^i — ero-a 
a very small balance. — arooso 
a grinning face. —8!i;6 a trifle. 
_3j-5uo^ to give trouble ; to 
haggle. — ^WOjSi to hinder. 

Ty-^^ kisyika, J". Tittering or 
grinning. — n ^ox^?:^ to grin, 

■S-?o kise, s. The pocket of a 

■a-nl^, x!-^ kist^, kiste, s. A fixed 
period for payment of reve- 
nue. 2. an instalment. 

■^^h^ kilipili, s. The sound of 

•0-^2:^^ kicake, s. The name of an 
ancient king. 

■^^s^^'S^'^S kicabavoli, s. A fly- 
ing fox. 

^^s^j^^s^o, xri='^o^^b^ kicukicu, 
kicukitiji, s. The squeaking of 
rats, eU. 

•§■^2:^0^ kicuni (^?^), v. n. To 

■0-^21 kice, see ^^d^. 

^^zS. kiji 


=5*00=5=0 kunku 

^5c3 kiji, s. White lead. 

•S-^ei kita, s. An insect in general. 
2. a worm. 3. see ryii,. 

■S-^£i=^, -S-^eJ?^ kitake, kitage, s. 
A base or rude fellow. 

•S-^;:^* kid^, adj. Inferior. 

^^c?, -S-^a kidiji, kidi, .y. A worm, 
insect. — ^i:^), — so^^s-do^ to de- 
cay, to become useless. 

•S-^3* kitij, s. A part, bit; a 

■S-e^o^ kituni (■§■?§), i'. n. To 
spirt, sprit; to sprinkle. 

^^rfo^ kiduni (*?S), v. a. To 
importunate; to dun, tease. 
■0-^^ kipu, s. A bunch. 

■S-^D* kirij, i". A split, rift; a 

■o-^c^ kir^, adj. Ancient, old; 

■S?5K ^?3K 80oa a lesson for 

the past and future. 
■S-^S kiri, .?. Continuance, inces- 

sancy. — s'WJ^ri to continue, go 

on without ceasing. — ^^eo?ir 

incessant rain. 
■S-^rfo?j kiruni (-S-eS), e-. a. To 

scratch ; to split ; also ?\?"dos). 
■S-^d kire, see •&?&. 

To roar, as an elephant. 
■&^^F^ kirtane, s. Praise; a 

psalm, hymn. — -di^j^^i to sing 

praises of God. 
xf^^T kirti, s. Fame, renown, 


c-^c;* kilu, i". A joint, hinge, peg. 
2. a wooden fastening. — siro 
t^o^ to fasten as a door; also 

■^iz^o2:f kil^mbu, see *«3o8!). 

■o-^cJ^ds:;^! kili^davade, s. The 
lower jaw. 

■3r^0 kill, s. A lock, -^j^ the 
key of a lock. 

^^c^.^s;' kilmslijL, rt;^'. Evil and 
good. 2. inferior and supe- 
rior. adz>. Upside-down. 

•S-^^ kivu, s. Pus, matter of a 

■S-^^jo^ kisuni, see -^j^a. 

■S-^?jO§ kisuli, .s. A carpenter's 

•3-^^ kilij, «^'. Base, low, mean. 

— eff, -S-e^f an inferior. 

— a^B a low class or caste. 

—®jj baseness, meanness. —^:^ 

ed a vulgar expression. — s^^ 

a mean disposition. —-^^6. 

see -S-esS^e^- 
^^S^, -orr^o kil^, kilu, ^<?ie ^e^- 

s'j ku, ^^'. /r^. Bad, low, 
small ; as —^^ vulgar people. 
_cd^5- low tricks, etc. 

^ooS^o^ kunkuma, s. A crim- 
soned powder of turmeric, 
used by married women for 
making a mark on their fore- 
heads. —"y^TiQ see "i^Ti^i. 

=5'oo^orfj kunkuru, .?. Going on 
hands and legs, as an infant; 
also ^?ci5=o'do. — "^^ a toad. 
—zisrk)^ to stagger, reel. 

=5^00=^ kunke 


=3^002:) J kundu 

^oo=ff kunke, sec ^-zo^. 

^002^ kunca, s. A tassel, flybrush. 

^^002/5 kurici, s. A kind of chil- 
dren's hood reaching down 
to the calves of the legs. 

=^oo2S kunce, ^. A weaver's stay. 

^oo^i kurija, ^. A heap, accu- 
mulation, hoard; assemblage. 

^0o23'3D* kunjaru, s. A small 
jungle. 2. the name of a 

=^0023 kuDji, see ajbccS. 

=^0o23rir kunjirga, see 5oo3ii)5. 

^Oo'"5? kunna, ■?. Genitals, t'/^-. 

^s^ooei kunta, ^•. A peg, post. 2. 
the stocks, adj. Lame, crip- 
pled; blunt. —"^otjS a crip- 
ple's tricks. — 5s5 a lame 
leg. —^Sh^ to place or fix 
a post. — sj3t5o^ to set up a 

=CTjo^r3 kuntani, s. Vexation. 
2. dissoluteness; 9^. 'So^^A 
— ast3 a debauchee. 

tal^, kuntalu, kuntala, s. The 
tree Gomphia angustifolia. 
—■tjdti-F its fruit. 
TS'oobD^^ kuntavuni, see =^^eo 

=^0023 kunti, s. A female dwarf. 

<t;^". Short; worn out, wasted; 

blunt, dull. — ^j^S] a worn 

out broom. —20-^'rfor'i to become 

• blunt, etc. 

^Oc£ja kuntu, s. Cloth. 2. gar- 
ment, dress. ~^^t^ to dress, 

clothe. — ^^£4r^ to cover with 
clothes, put on clothes. 
g^Jolio^ kuntuni, see ^j3?oWo». 

=ctoo^ kunte, s. A dwarf, short 

=^00 £3 kunte, ^. The web beanj 

of a loom. — rf ^:i> fire set up 

to warm the bleached thread. 

— /N.'j-do^ to set a post or peg. 

^Tb— the cross-beam of a 

=ctJoc3 kunda, s. A pit, especially 

of sacrificial fire. 

^oods.) kundala, ^. A kind of 

ear-ring; also Tiooriv. 
^Ood3 kundali, s. A kind of 

=aOo£l>, ^oo^?^ kundi, kundige, s. 

A strong trough. 
^oode^ kundeli^, ^c^ ^j3ozS6. 
=^Jorl kunne, .v. The penis. 

=^00^2; kuntala, s. A curl, ringlet. 

2. the hair. 3. a drinking cup. 
^ao3 kunti, s. The mother of 

the Pandu princes. 
^s'ooCj* kundu, see "^oozio. 

=3^jod kunda, ^. A pillar, post. 
^^zi- a stone pillar. — ^y^ci 
to build a pillar. 

^oodrs kundana, s. Pure gold. 

=ctOoC3^;^^ kundavuni, c. v. {of'^^o 
sSo^i) To reduce. 2. to boil 
down. 3. to repress, humble. 

=0^0 od J kundu, s. Deficiency, 
defect, fault. 2. want. 3. loss. 
—crooSo a helper; a compan- 
ion, comrade. — Xo to make 


"^■JoZ^ kundu 


^0=5*0, kukku 

up a deficiency, —^i want 
of money ^r means. 

^ooCl) kundu, i-. A child of Pa- 
riahs. — sst^JS) to bear, bring 
forth, as Pariahs. 

'uooCdJ^i kunduni (s'joS), v.n. To 
decrease, abate, be reduced. 
2. to fade, wither. 3. to be 
boiled down. 

=5*00^5:3* kundel\i, s. Deficiency, 
as in the measurement of 
grain, efc. 

=5^0 o£), kundri, s. A small craft 
or vessel from the Maldive 
islands. a,dj. Little, small, 
short. — ^-^^^ — eos«3 a puny 
baby, bantling. —^^\^ — sst^s 
oso a small kind of cocoanut, 
imported from the ^laldive 

t^ooCjJj^^J?;?^ kundrukote, s. An 
old fort at Mercara. 

=5*005^3, =CTOoSjDa^ kumpari, kum- 

padri, s. A god-father. 
^-0^5) kumpuni, see ^jbo^^. 
^Jos5 kumpe, see 5o^. 
^Jo20 kumba, see s^oo^. 

=ctoo^:^"?6, =aoo2Jd kumbakare, 

kumbare, see s'jcstot?. 
=^ooZj^, kumbatt^j, .y^^ ^ocsoo. 
^Oozodo^ kumbaruni (^oc2o5), 

J', n. To quake, tremble. 
^jo2o^ kumbava, s. A pumpkin 

(?r gourd. 
=^jo2^rj* kumbasu, ^^^ ^ooeoo. 

^oo2J36 kumbare, ^. A potter; 
also §jr55. 

=CTJot:; kumbi, i". A mirage. 2. 
the penis. 3. an elephant. 

=aOo20okumbu, s. Piottenness. adj. 
Rotten, carious, decayed. — ^ 
•rf a rotten tree. — e?b^) to rot. 

=CTJo2J0d kumbuda, A pumpkin or 
gourd, Cucurbita agenaria. 
5&— an ash-gourd. tfsH- , 
sSjareo- a small kind of ash- 
gourd. sSiy— , see T?cax)t§. 
—^jjosol;?), _8!)g=or^ to boast, 
vaunt, vlg. 

=^oo23j5eio. kumbottu, .f6'^ ^00200. 

=ctooc^ kumbba, ^. The eleventh 
solar mouth (Febr.-March). 
2. a pot, an earthen vessel. 
~^^r the name of a giant, 
Havana's younger brother. 
— T:ra2i the sign Aquarius. 

"^^ozL, =5^002^?^ -o kuinblia,kumbha- 
stbala, s. The frolital globe 
of an elephant's head. 

=CT-oCO0*, =CTJoOj=a kummaky, ku- 
mmike, sec ^0^^. 

=3^0o5jJi)OJj kuumaya, see ^od^sodo. 
=3'jo2oro^ kunrjll^, see 5o^r5. 
^oosjor^ kurntuni (e'ooSr), t', 7?. 

To shrivel, shrink. 
=CTjorfjF kurndu, .y^t^ ^jaodor. 

^JodJSrS kurndodi, i'. A kind 

of fish. 
^Jo?;jj kumsu, ^6'^: AoSo?io. 

=aJ=CTJ, kukku, i'. A mango. 2. the 
mourning feast of the Pariahs. 
_cs sSj"d a mango tree. — ^ 
^iioa a young mango. — sS w 
;rf^S, _uij:^S mango pickle. 

147 =3^0 ei, kutta 

—^jsotSo^ebS) Pariahs to at- 
tend a funeral ceremony. 

'S'o^s'o,© kukkuli, ^. Pecking, 

=5'o=3'j,0ojjo^ kukkuliyuni (^o^Oj 
e5), T'. a. To peck. 

=3*0 # kukke, s. A basket, -^o 
tio^ a small basket. 

=3^o/ij^ kugguni (^-^^), ^'. «• To 
be humbled, depressed. 2. to 
sink; see ^otJojSj. 

=uoe^o^o2:^o kucukucu, ^. A whis- 
per. —zysiTio?^ to whisper. 

=5'w^§ kuce, ^^^ ^-^?l . 

=0OS§JS?Coo kucodya, s. Ridicule, 
derision, mockery. 

^o-^b' kuccat^, i-. Shortness, 
smallness. adj. Short, little. 

=3*02^ T^f\, =3^0^ rl, ^C)Z57> ej kucca- 

Jxr t/3" oC7 

nige, kuccane, kuccata, s. Re- 
probation, taunt, upbraiding. 
^ozS kucci, s. The cropped hair 
of the head. 2. the stump 
of a shrub. 3. a tassel, adj. 
Small, short. ~wsS a copse, 
brushwood. —TioB grass- 
stump, stubble. —^00^*0^ a 
thicket of thorns. — ?\e?Jo^, 
—■R4^?i to shave the head. 
^e?— a kind of fish. s^S— an 
addition made to the tuft of 
hair on the crown of the head. 

^ozo- s3 kuccile, s. A taunter. 

=ctO£^j ^ kuccuni, see "^01% r©oS). 

^o2§reo^, =CT02§J5r3o5i kucceuuni, 

to- to 

kucconuni (s'o^?^, 5^o£Sj|_Fs), 7^ 
r{/?. To blame, censure, re- 

=^z'Sfj kuccena, see *o?^rfy^. 

=^oti kuja, adj. Earth-born. s. 

A tree. 2. the planet Mars. 

— TO-d Tuesday. 
=5^02^013 kujanti, ^^^ ^jsSioL'. 
=5^02c;D^ kujariji, ^. The stench of 

urine; any bad smell. 

"dotiO^ kujalij, s. The hair of 

the head. 
=CT02d^o^ kujaluni, see ^js^^co^. 

=5o23o2oo, =3^02^00200 kujimbu, ku- 

jumbu, s. A chip, fragment. 
=3^-^1)050 kutayl, j-^^ ^'jsuoso. 
=3*013 kuti, i-. A hut. 

"^dU^ kutini, s. A deceitful 

. woman. 

^M^ kutila, s. Trick, imposture, 

deception. 2. hypocrisy. 3. 

crookedness. — cdoSo, ^o^d a 

cheat, imposter. 

=CTO£joo2o kutumba, s. A family; 
a household. 

=^0^002^?^ kutumbige, s. A house- 
holder, family-man. 

tS^o^o^o kutuku, s. The game of 
hide and seek. 2. a female's 

5'oi]j=aoyo kutukutu, s. The 
rumbling of the bowels. 2. 
grinding the teeth. 

=5*0 ^ kutta, see ^jbM 



=3*063,^^ kuttan^, s. A kind of 
tares. —"Sori a field over- 
grown with such tares; a 
barren field. 

^o^ra kuttana, i'^^ ^^^ ^t^- 

eo ■ ■ ■ '^ 


=coeJ, kutta 


17 J t 


'uSzS.-nf kuttasu, see ^oi3 . 

=CToej kutti, i". A stake, peg, stump. 
— ^j5?e;o a short stick. ~^j&?<v:> 
^e;.^^ to play at throwing 
a stick. 

^olo Q^ kuttiliji, see g^otSe;. 

^jejj, kuttu, s. A blow given 

with the fist. 
^0£Jo,a kuttuni (-^5i ^, t'. a. To 

sJ^ ■ ■ . *" 

thump, give a blow, strike 

with the fist. 2. to crash, 

pound, bruise. 
=^;^. kutte, 5". Decay, rottenness. 

— sgQ a borer, that destroys 

trees. — si^» to decay. — ^e 

tsi to be ruined, done up, 

T^j^jj kutru, s. Cooing. —4^ 

a spotted dove. — 5:^:1)?) to coo. 
liod, kuda, adr. Again. — e^s 

once more. — ^otS again and 

again, repeatedly. 
=^oc3ct3 kudanji, ^^^e ^jscfcaS. 
ro:^^^ kudapuni, ^<?<? ^-^c^^^. 
=^0CaD kudari, o. An axe. "^j,— a 

=5'o^=^JS^c;^ kudikol:!, .s^-? s^o^ 

^^eSJj, under s^oL' . 
^'o^zSa* kudicelu, .'^^ ^o^ €. 
^j(Sz§g3 kudicele, ^<:'^ *-^ e5. 
^02^ kud^, s. Horse-gram, 

Dolichos unifionis. 2. the 

testicles of dogs, cats, etc. 3. 

the fresh scars of small-pox. 

— sj3Tt3?i to feed (cattle) with 

gram; to cuff, give blows. 

— sSs'o-r'i, lit. gram to scatter; 

small-pox to break out. 

'ctwC^oo:! kudumbe, s. A jungle 
man. 2. a Konkani speaking 
Roman Catholic. 

^j:«oss2 kudutale, sec ^o:i„e3. 

=?^jdo^, kudupu, 5-. A strainer, 

made of wicker-work. 
=^0^-^^ kudupuni, see "^sf^^. 

T?ojl)5Jj kuduma, s. A ferry. 

2. i'(?^ 5^0t3JO80. 

=3^oJ^jsfo kudume, see ^otliod. 
'g'oci kude, s. A rat's hole. 
^odosS kudenji, see ^jszfoaS. 

'S'^/dozS^jC kudenjimara, s. The 
tree of oval-leaved rosebay, 
Wrightia antidysenterica. 

=CTJ(^, ^od, kudki, kudke, s. A 
small earthen vessel. — ^iosior 
a kind of firework. 

^'odj ^ kudcuni (^-^g^)- ^'- ^. To 
drink excessively. 2. to swal- 
low liquor. 

^j:I s:* kudcelii, s. Drunkenness. 

^osle3 kudcele, s. A drunkard. 

'S'jrs^sj kudtale, s. The re- 
gistered right of paying land 

^od kudpa, kudpe, see 

^03^. s?' kudpali^, ^. A woman 
with uncombed hair. 2. th& 
name of a female demon. 

^j;:eO ^ kudpuni (^-^S), v. n. To 
shiver, as from ague. v. a. To 
dust, shake off as the dust of 
a cloth, etc. 

=CTor3<3, =^jr^s3 kunale, kunile, see 

^03^^ kutt^ 


^oa kudi 

=^J3^D kutt^ri, sec 3'j;^_j^6. 

=5*0^ kutta, s. Sickness. es^'B 
^— jaundice. ^e5— dropsy. 

=3*0^^, kuttata, s. Pain, as in 
suppuration of a boil. 

^j^^U,, =3*0:^^0^ kuttatta, kut- 
tyatta, ^. A granary, store. 

=3*0^^ kuttani, s. A superior 
kind of silk cloth. 

=3^0^^ kuttane, adv. Headlong. 

=^01^0 kuttari, .Jt^e s'o^o^s. 

=5^01^,^^^ kuttaruni (^•^fo^), ^'. n. 
To feel a biting or itching 
sensation. 2. to ache. 

'^os^^Ci kuttalu, see s'o^. 

=3'j|j,yo^ kuttaluni, ^^^ ^jao^oo^S). 

=1^0^ s3 kuttale, s. A sickly man. 

=^03-3„e3 kuttata, .y-^:^ ts'o^ w. 

^o:^ kuttari, see ^o^^a. 

tS'oIi^ kutti, ^. A liquid measure, 
as of oil etc. 

5^jvB„ kutti, s. The trunk or 
stump of a tree. — ^rJ^ fees 
levied for permission to fell 
trees on government land. 
— ^js?e;o a perpendicular post 
supporting a roof. —^■S> pro- 
pitiation of demons, sup- 
posed to haunt a newly con- 
structed roof. — es^oijJS) a 
race or family to be extinct. 
—A^ri^ to dig up the stump 
of a tree. si^^orS^ a post 
planted in the water for 
supporting anything. 

T^o^g^^ kuttipuli, s. Tamarind. 

^j3 3 kuttiri, s. A civet cat. 

^o^j^ kuttu, s. A 'prick, punc- 
ture; very small liole. 2. a 
fomentation or poultice. 3. 
a basket-maker's knife; also 
^0^ ^..sfcyo. —^jslbFcj to foment. 
_3:rociO^ to prick, make a hole. 
— 20js-dosi to become a hole. 

=3'o^_Ojj^ kuttuni i^^^, i'- a. To 
bore, pierce. 

=ao%Q kutturi, s. A weel for 
catching fish with. 2. a basket- 
shaped cage for fowls. 

=^o^Ogdo^, ^i^t^^ kutturuni, ku- 
truni, see "^^iTi^^t^. 

^oi G^ kuttelu, s. A kind of 
brush used by toddy-drawers. 

=^o|jSjj^ kuttodi, s. A cobra ema- 
ciated by devouring another 
species of snake called 

^oIj^^^j kuttyolu, see ^oB^ 
^.•sfeij, under ^-^^• 

=g!ocjo^ kudante, see ^:^.-i.o^. 

^B'odiis^ kudadii, see ^.^iiiS. 

=aodfl, =aJd?5 kudane, kudane, s. 

The fruit of SolamtDi pubcs- 

=^jQ) kudi, s. Term, turn. adj. 

Fixed, settled. -ae-s> to fix 

a time. 
=5^ a kudi, see ^jsa. 

=CTja=s=5)D* kudikarij, i'. Tiptoe. 

^ja=^, kudike, A jackal, fox. 

=3*0^^^, =5^oaoJoo5) kudipuni, ku- 
diyuni (^^s), t-. ?^. To repent, 

=5'ja kudi 



b:3^ kube 

=^oas5e^^ kudipevuni (^oa^^). 

z'. a. To be desiring, wishing. 

2. to be anxious, 
^^rfjoioo kudumbu, see =^js::iJoEOo. 

=CTjdoo20j2;j kudumbulu, s. A 

=^jrfo=ff kuduke, .y^^^ ^03^. 
=5*0^0^; kudupa, i-^^ sDo=ii3i. 
=^ocJ-^;i kudupuni (^>^S), z'. «;. 

To cut ; to reap. 
'S'odosS kudupe, s. A small kind 

of earthen vessel for boiling 

rice. 2. {fig.) the belly. 
=3^odo^j kudume, ^. The side or 

cross roof of a house. 
^jdodo kuduru, i'. A sand bank. 

2. a small island. 
=CTjrfjdj?i kuduruni (*os1j5), v.n. 

To recover from sickness. 

=3^0^06 kudure, .y. A horse. 2. 
the lock of a gun. —7^^, 
_crao3o a horsekeeper ; a rider. 
— sSe^ a saddle. — rf fcdj& the 
mane of a horse. — a^odj a 
stable. — ;^:sdD riding. —.£0 
^ Tjja _^S3 4r^ to mount a 
horse, to ride. 

=CTod kude, s. A piece of wood. 

^o± kudke, see xs'oat?. 

=^jdo kuddu, see soo^ii . 



'S'odjsrao^ kuddonuni, see '$c>'>i::>^^. 
^j;:3j3 © kuddoli, see Xod^s o. 

=^orf 0, ^oCJc^ kuddya, kudya, s. 
Shortness, adj. Short, small, 
dwarfish. — craoSo a dwarf, 
short man. 

=3*0 d kudpe, ^^^ s'orfoS. 

=^wCj3ja;^ kudras^, ^. A square 

^s'jfdsS kunale, i"^t^ ^.5f®°i. 

=3^js:'3ocl kupande, i". Concealing 
one's nature, acts, etc\ hy- 
pocrisy. — 53Didoa to talk like 
a virtuous man ; to impose 

=CTj5r3od, ^c'o^'Sodj kupande, ku- 
pandre, see s^ojSeT?. 

=3*0 ^2^ J, =^j^°^j kupulu, kupulu, 
i". The crow-pheasant. — ^o 
^ red eyes. — sor® reddish 
colour. — ;l>c^^ a mole-hill. 

=^032^0 d kupendre, .y^^ '^^^^■^. 

^05J ?^ kuppasa, i". A petty coat, 

=5^0^ kuppi, 5". Glass-ware. 2. 

china-wares. 3.a pial,bottle. 
=^j^ kuppe, see Xo^. 

^020(2/, =u02J5)O* kubal^, kubaliji, 

.y. A pinnacle, the top of a 

^02Jjt=5 kubuja, ^z^. Dwarfish; 

'u:iZ:^'B, kubuje, s. A female 

=a02Joa kubuddbi, ^. Foolishness; 

folly- [tree. 

=ctj23 kube, s. The top of a jaalm 

^^jE^^ddj^i kuberamara, i". The 
mahogany tree. 

=3^0:^^ 6 kubere, J'. The Indian 
Pluto and god of wealth, pre- 
siding over the north quarter. 
2. 9j rich man. 


T?jdj kuru 

=3^0 :ij kubJa, see ^'jsook. 
^023 kubje, ^a' ^o2oo:5. 
^jsjood kumande, .s-tr^ ^'ossous. 

=3*0^0=5^, ^oOj^, ^OSjOJ-S", ^Jdoo 

=ctj, =3^0^00=^ kumaku, kumiki, 
kumuki, kumuku, kumuke, s. 
Aid, assistance. — 3:dK unas- 
sessed land for the use of 
s'jSjjiiocS, kumandra, sec t^o^ 

=CTjdJ30dj kumaya, ^. Chunam, 

lime. 2. mortar. 
T^JSJJsa, =CTo;:5j?)3r kumari, ku- 

marti, ^. A girl. 2. a virgin. 

3. a daughter. 

=a:>zi:^t kumare, s. A boy. 2. a 

=3^o^oj?j'5e3* kumusalii, s. Consul- 
tation. 2. conspiracy, plot. 

=^o^oie;^ kumetely, .y- Putrid 

meat or fish. 
^o;3o^^ kumevuni (^o^o), 7'. 7Z. 

To decay, putrify. as meat, etc. 
^J^OQ*, =5^o^j^D^kumeru,kumeru, 

s. A waste land cleared for 

^osSo^dj kumeru, s. The south 

^oo5oej^s^^ kuyilavuni, see ^js 

=^occl):i-S;j, kuyukti, s. Craft, cun- 

=3^oaJoo^o^ kuyuluni (^oojoo^), 

£». 72. To inflame, as the eyes, 

or a boil. 
=^jd kura, see ^jaiioaoo. 

=^orfoii kuranga, .?. A musk-deer. 

2- a monkey. 
=^odo^ kuranty, ^"^^ ^js^oO. 
=aoOoL]j^ kurantuni, see ^ot^ooUo^. 
^s'odoso^ kurantuni, see ^jsrfo^os). 

=CTOdorf,=CTO^ kurandrakallu, i". A 
kind of very hard stone. 

=CT0Co2Se;^ kurambiliji, s. A kind 
of grass growing in fields. 

=CTodo20J kurambu, see ??j3-do2oo. 

^jrfs*, =5^.0^^^ kuraki^, kurak^i, 

s. Food, sustenance. 
=^jda,^JDD^ kuradi, kuradi, see 

^od^ kurade, see ^o-doz§. 
=aJDt)N^ kuranu, s. The Koran. 
=5^00 kuri, s. A sheep. -3i;i 

foolish people. — ^ -S-Si^ a lamb, 

— i3js?'rfo wool. 
=5*0 D kuri, i^. A boil. £ro.so_ a 

small boil. 
=^jD23«)3^ kurijaty, ^^6' ^o-do&jsi. 

=aoQ?i?D*' kurinir^, ^. A mixture 
of lime and turmeric water. 

^aJO^^j^'o^^oJjo^kuripuni, kuri- 
yuni (^>^^), 1'. n. To decay, 
rot, putrify. 

=u^t>:> kuru, adj. Little, small. 

=3^odjoeio kuruntu, s. A small 
bundle, as of rice etc. 2. a 
lump, as of tamarind etc. 3. 

=3'odjoejj^ kuruntuni (x?or^aol3), 
7'. 72. To contract, shrivel, 
shrink in. 

=3'jdjo^e5^ kurumbilyi, s. Curled 
hair. 2. see "^^-^o^i^. 

=CTOdo kuru 


=aJo5^F K:urna 

^oc!o^j2i t, =^joj=5'.e§ kurukuc- 


cane, kurukucci, 5-. Grumbling, 


Te^odc^a kuruci, see ^02! r. 
t^jdo25D:3^ kurujatu, s. A moidore. 
^g'odoto kuruji, see AOsBr. 

=^jdjc3 kuruda, «'//". Blind. -^^ 

^odjC3"503j kuruudyi, see ^Oc^^rosj. 
'S'jC'o:!) kurudu, a^^'. Blind. 
=CTJd:djsiocfi^ kurudumannu, .y^^ 

^odoc^j^oO kurudumari, .y^^ ^-^ 

=CTod-.zS, =5^odji kurude, kurute, .?. 

A blind man. 
=s*Jdoto^^s;* kurubikil^, s. A 

postern, backdoor. 

^jCozoo kurubu, s. Tbe eyebrow. 

'S'jOozS kurube, s. A sbepberd. 

^S^odosS kurule, see ^ce3-. 

^odj^ kuruve, see '^o-^f. 

^odj?Je)23^ kurusalu, -y. Servitude, 
slavery, bondage. 

^s'jdJSsi, =aJ jJ3^ kurupa, kurupu, 

s. Deformity, ugliness, adj. 

Deformed, ugly. ^o^-toS an 

ugly man. 
^j6 kure, s. Filth, dirt. 2. 

swamp, pool. — t?^ stinginess 

in trifles. — ^^ decayed skin. 

—sSe^i a poor life, balf-alive. 

—■^cfs filtby soil. 
=3^0600?^, ^s^jd^j)^ kurepini, kure- 

puni (^-^^), «'. a. To bore, 

scrape, excavate, drill. 2. 

see "ijfSb^i. 

^j6oJjj^, =5^065^^ kureyuni, ku- 
revuni (^-^^), "'. ^^. To be worn 
out, washed away. 2. to decay, 

'U':)6^o^ kurel^, ^. The nape of 
the neck. 

=CTj^i)rs^^ kirkavuni, e. v. {of 
^o^or^) To shake, agitate. 
2. to wash well, as clothes. 

^j-^Fo' kurkil^. s. A kind of 

=^j=CT^r;j kurkuni (^>^^"), 1'. n. To 

shake, as a tree cic. 
=CTO^o'^dj kurkuru, adv. Slowly. 

-Tko^j a to shut slowly. 
=^j=CTr kurke, i-^' Xo^r. 
^s'-ZD'" kurni, see ^o^r. 
=ajZ&r kurci, s. A chair, seat. 
^S'^^^F kurci, ^. A kind of fish. 
=3'jt3^r3^ kurjatu, see ^'oTio&sg. 

^jSiro^j kurdiyi, i'. A large 
black beetle that destroys 
the core of palm-trees. 

^oarzojsdj, =cto:^j5^ kurdiburu, 
kurdu, s. A kind of creeper. 
=CTJC^^5r kurdu, i'^t' o'oTiotl). 

^odjFdjof'5* kurdumanin^, .y. Soil 
or earth impregnated with 
the poison of kurdumari. 

=CTjd->'^5:JoO kurdumari, s. A kind 

of poisonous vermin. 
^jdr kurde, .y^^ ^otzJozS. 

'=u:>i>'F, ^olrs;* kurte, kurtel^, i". 

Dirt, filthiness. adj. Dirty. 

=5jI^s3 kurtele, s. A filthy man. 

tS'j^f?? kuruas\j, i'. Snoring. 

'aOcir kurni 


r'og kusa 

^^^F kurni, ^. A sore in the eye- 
lid. — 5ofi sore eyes. 

T^033)r kurpu, s. Manure, fer- 
tiliser. -53^j^S) to be fer- 

=^o^r kurpu, i'. Sharpness, as 
of a cutting instrument. 2. 
dissection. — a?b?i to dissect. 

uJ-tirej* kurbil^, see ^otjjo836. 

=^jeOor kurbu, see ^otjoeoj. 

■CTjCxo.r^ kuryuni, see ^'oSocbo^. 

=g!j2;*r kurlu, s. Contraction, 
shrinking in. 2. parching, 

=^yijTQ, =s^je;jr kurlari, kurlu, s. 
Parched rice. 

=^0^05^51 kurluni (^^^f), t'. ?z. 
To be contracted, to shrivel, 
shrink in, as from cold; also 

=^jdr kurle, .?. A tender plantain 
tree. 2. a young pig. 3. the 
fresh shoots of grains elc. 

=^o53rs:;o£j*r kurlemardiji, s. A 
kind of bitter medicinal root. 

=CTj^Drojj kurvdyi, see ^ozrorosj. 

^S'ostr kurve, s. A basket. 2, 
distension. 2003! "^o^f ^yo.a 
the belly to distend. 

^u^ir.'^oSi kursandi, s. A kind of 
sesamum imported from the 
ghauts. — <ocra sesamum oil. 

"SoTiFzi kursani, see ^oiiosfes. 

^j?:.r kursu, s. A cross. 2, .y^^ 

^jtJ kula, ^. Family, race, tribe. 
_i3?so a family god. — yrfor, 
^oeroe3;)-d duties and customs 

pertaining to a family or 
caste. —^oS one who belongs 
to a good family. — iw^^) a 
caste or family to be degen- 
erated or ruined. 
^op; kula, see ^0^. 

=3*0^ kula, s. A sweet preparation 
consisting of cocoanut juice, 
jaggory, ripe plantains, and 
cardamoms; also s'o^. 

=3^0 ej, ^■j'ij^ kula, kulavu, s. A 

kind of creeper. 
=s'oejoto kulanji, see ^'oeSo^. 
'S'ot^OSo kulayi, s. A kind of cap. 

=CToa's)o=5^o^ kulankusa, adj. De- 
tailed. 2. whole, adz'. In 
detail. 2. wholly. 

^os^s)?^^ kulas^, .$■. Disciiarge, 
acquittance, letting go. 

^o0sS, =^J^J^ kulipe, kulupe, 

see ^o^s3. 

^o©?oj kulma,,adj. Noble, honor- 
able. ^os5?;3 a nobleman. 

=^oe3 kule, J-. A ghost, apparition. 
— 3i-d continual fever. 

=CTJs3oc3kuleD.ji, s. A plot of field. 

=^0(23 kulpe, j'^^ ^oeS^. 

=^:>^D kulla^ i-^^ £oo£;s . 

CO "^ 

=^oa-S^^ kullavuni, ^6-6' 3^os?^,4^). 
^s^oSr^ kullige, .?. The buttocks. 


=3*0 5J 5 kuvaka, j't'^ ^0^^. 

^s'o^S kuve, .y. A mast; also ^0^ 

^osS kuve, see t^js^. 

=3^02; kusa, s. The holy grass. 
P(?« cynosuroides ; also s^£^". 

^0^ kusa 


^o§ kuli 

'g'osJo kusala, s. Cleverness, skil- 
fulness. 2, welfare, happi- 
ness, adj. Clever, expert, 
able. —2^^^ keen wit, quick 

=^o3Di;*, kusalu, s. Merriment, 
pleasure, frolic. — "S^eX vene- 
real disease. — -rfo^o^^) to be 
merry, to lead a debaucher- 
ous life. 

=g'o^kusi, .y. Joy, pleasure; hila- 
rity. 2. will. 3. agreement. 
^fi— as you like, as you 

=^j|ioj)^, ^'j^oijo^ kusipuni, ku- 
siyuni (^•^^i), v. n. To contract, 
shrink in. 

=^0oa kushi, see ^o?i. 

=^j^, kushta, see =#js^.. 

=CTo;:i kusa, see ^o^. 

=c'.?;is3 kusave, s. A potter. 

=CTO?ja)50* kusal^, see ^oas^. 

=?^jo3^*, ^oA:^ kusinij, knsini, i". 

A kitchen. 
=o^j^^^ kusipuni, ^^^ s^oS^s. 
^v?oD kusiri, i'lJi? ^O'^- 

=ctj?ojo2j kusumbe, ^. The safflow- 
er. — oio?? safflower oil. — eoor® 
a deep red colour. 

=3'Jajo^^^ kusukuni, see ^o?io,^. 

=^o?;jo^ojoo kusukusu, see 7(ox>d 

^o?;)o:^ kusubi, s. The safflower. 

=CTJ?iosio kusuma, s. The filament 
of a flower. 2. the pollen of 
a flower. 

^o?oJD kusuri, .?. Any thing given 

to boot, when a person buys 

commodities. 2. see ^o,?jj. _ ^js 

^rs> to give something into 

the bargain. 
=^03^0^0 kusuru, i". A bit, trifling. 

adj. Little, few. 
=^j7;jjdj^ kusuruni (^o?io5), v. n. 

To shiver, 2. to shrink in, be 

^o?^j2.iO kusulu, s. The small 

bead of a nose ornament. 

=^j?§s3S =aJ??^o^ kuselu, kusel^, 
s. Ingenuity, cunuingness, 
a sly artifice. 2. wittiness, 
—Tiis^o^^ to play tricks. 

=s^jtj^^ kuskuni (*>^c3j), ^'. ^z. To 
shrink, give way, sink in. 2. 
to sprain. 

=^o^> kusti, s. Gymnastics, wrest- 
ling, — 7?.«2oa^, — ^s?o.^ to 

=3*0^:, kusri, s. The pulp ^r soft 
part of a fruit. 2. i'^^ 3^orio5. 

=a03o=a kuhaka, adj. Fraudulent, 
deceitful. ^occ^ a cheat, 

^0-^ kula, .y. A tank or pond. 

=3^js;^=a^ kulak^, see "iji^^. 

=3*0^^030^5, kulamandra, s. Dried 
juice of mangoes or jackfruit. 

=5*0^531)0* kulavarij, s. Details. 
2. item by item. 3. a list of 
creditors, debtors, eU. 

=5^0°^^ kulavu, see ^oa^. 

=5'j^r^ kulige, see ao«?7?. 

=ao^^^ kulipuni (^^^), ^'. «• To 
sting, as an ant. 

^j§ kuli 


^J3^ kudi 

'^o^ti kulipe, s. The large black- 

^js;*oo^o^ kulunkuni (s^o^oo^j, 
7'. a. To wet, moisten. 

=^j°^^=3^o>;*j kulukulu, ^-^^ aj^oao^o. 

=^j°vj^ kulupu, s. A piece of 
black stone efc, with a device 
(?r inscription on it to be used 
as a seal, 

=3*0 s? J ^ kulupu, see ^o^^. 

=cto^jS"5)D^ kuluvara, see ^o^sbS. 

=5'os^4?'5 ^s'o^ssD^c^ kuilavuni, 
kullapavuni, c. v. {of '^;^'^i>^?i) 
To make sit, to employ. 

=gij^a^ kulluni (^^^J, t'. /?. To 
sit, sit down. 2. to lodge, 

^J3 ku, i". Response, responding 
to a call. 2. alarm. — ssz^o^ 
to respond to a call; to give 

^j?o=^ kunke, ^. Shortness of 

^J3o=^ kunke, s. The mock tri- 
bute given in a kind of game. 

=CTJ3o^i kunja, see 3^og3^. 

=ctJ3oc3 kunji, see ajscoS. 

^JSo^ej* kunjelu, s. A kind of 

weel for catching fish. 
tS^JSoBo^ kuntuni, sec ^jsUo^). 

=3'j3orl2;*, =^JSo(iJ3sjj kundel^x, 
kundolu, s. A wasp. ^e5_ a 
large yellow wasp. 

=3*030^0^, =3'j3o3j)^ kuntuni, kum- 
puni (^-t)oi, g'.'so), 7'. ^. To 
peck, strike with the beak. 2. 
to prick a hole. 3. to put out. 

=ctJ2=^ kuke, see ^j5o^, 

=s'J3r^j kugu, J'. A cry, excla- 
mation, outcry. 

=CTJ3r!o^ kug-uni (^jsK), ^. 72. To 
cry out. 

=^j?;z& kiici, s. A small goglet, 
filled with water and placed 
in a demon-shrine. 

=^J5^ kuje, s. An earthen goglet. 

^jseJ klita, s. An assembly, 
meeting. 2. mixture, amal- 
gamation. _^j3TliS) to as- 
semble; to conspire. 

^J3eio5o kutayi, i". Storing rice, 
granary etc. —ssiio^ to store 

^JSeJo kutu, s. The inner roof 
of a house. 2. the hip. — ^e 
L^), _53sT5ja to place the roof 
on the wall, —-tjt^r^ to con- 
struct a roof. 

=^J3£Jo^ kutuni (^J3l3), v. a. To 
sharpen. 2. to mix, mingle. ^.^ 
C3a, s'jsyosi sharpened; mixed. 
s'jsB^, ^jsK.36 sharpening ; 


^aJSC^ kuda, (^--^t'. With, along 
with, together with. 

=3'J3[^sc1n kudapane, s. A small 
country water-lift. 

^JSC5t>4?:, =5^J5a?73:^?i kudavuni, 
kudisavuni, ^. •t'. {of'^s^'^?^ To 
join, connect, unite. 2. to 
collect, gather. 3. to amass, 
store. 4. to mix; also s'jszjsS 

=CTJ3(^?^kudige,^. Joining; union. 
2. collection, 3. assemblage, 

=5^03 & kudi 


=aJe)€) kuli 

gathering. 4. storing. 5. 

^X^^jjo kudisuni (^'jsafj), 7'. a. 

To add, sum up. 
'S'j?:^^ kudu, see Xjstij. 

^-oj^o^er' =5'J5(:eO'iej*,kudukattu, 
kiidugatti^, s. The association 
or union of the members 
of the same caste or family. 

^Jj'^j^ kuduni (^^.5), v. a. To 
join, unite. 2. to cohabit, 
copulate. 3. to embrace, 
adopt. V. n. To meet, as- 
semble, gather ; also ^.-.S5 e: 
^r^. 2. to be mixed, mingled. 
3. c. dat. Can, to be able, be 
possible. ^jswoji4 that which is 
practicable (?r possible. s'.^ricS 
cannot, as o3?:5 ^.-,:ic5 I can- 
not, it is impossible for me. 
^.t:5ca impracticable, impos- 
sible. ^-t:iOD?i4 an impos- 
sibility. "^s&^io-S. not being 
able, or practicable. Tr.-saa. 
t^jscSoa, ^jsa^ joint, attached; 
assembled ; as, ^^a ■n^t the 
assembled people. ^jsSi ^o3o 
a partner; an adherent, "^-s 
5 553^^ a concubine, ^^i^jse is 
it possible, can I? etc. 

=sJ5£c) kuni, ^^^ sojj)^. 

=^j?;rso kunu, i". Pudenda, Puden- 
duvi vmliebre. 

=^J2£^ kutale, sec ^o£^s3. 

^S^JSS; kudi, ^. The anus; poste- 
riors. 2.inembrc muliebre. 
=aJ£?i kuni, see sdjs^. 

=aJ3SJo^ kiimaki, j^^e s'j^^. 
^s'jJCQj^j^ kiiyiluni, sc: s'jseScrf.-s 

=aJ?Cor\S3' kurangel^, ^. Drow- 
siness, sleepiness. — jstj^js^, 
s'js-do^d a drowsy man; a 

=SJ3Co2i2/ kiirambilu, ^. A kind 
of medicinal plant. 

^j?,S kuri, s. A kind of weel for 
catching fish. — SieL^ to set 
it; fig. to ensnare a person. 

he will not get into one or 
the other kind of weel ; what- 
ever you do, you will not 
catch him. 

^j?.3j kiiru, s. Boiled rice; ':lg. 
— ^dSoS rice and curry. 

"^■Si)^:} kuru, .<". The dusty sub- 
stance contained in the fibrous 
covering of a cocoa-nut. — s^ 
3^4S) to remove it. 

^JSCj^i kuruni (^js^), 7'. n. To 
be drowsy, sleepy. 2. to 

=CT-^is3 kiirele, s. A sleepy fellow. 
2. a sluggard. 

^c'wllr karte, see ^.t^ii. 

=g^c52;ro2^ kurnayi, s. A fierce 

^J5^r kiirma, s. A turtle, 
tortoise. — ss^gs^ Vishnu's 
second incarnation, as a 
turtle. i^s^o^. 

^JS^ 33^05! kulankusa, sec 'yoz!;)o 

=3'JS0 kuli, ^. Hire, -crs^ a 
hireling, labourer. 

^J3© kuli 


'§od kenda 


=3'J5© kuli, s. A tooth. 

tooth-aclie. -^'rScrioo^ to gnasli 
the teeth. '^%- swelling of 
the gums in teething. 

=^j3©o:^^^?i, =3'J3£;7^4^ kuliya- 
vuni, kulyavuni pJs^-Scdjs, ^^^ 
eron), 7'. <t;. To make faces, 
mock, mimic. 

T^J3e;o kulu, see ^js^o- 

=^J3s;j'^^ kulyuni, see ^ocdooe^o^. 

'SjssS kuve, ^. Arrowroot, Cur- 
cuma angustifolia; also ^ja 

^jSsS kuve, s. A mast; «/^^ ^^-S- 

^J3d^=^ kuveka, ^^^ ^o^s'. 

^J3?^oc^ kusambri, ^. A kind of 
condiment made of minced 
and fried pulse or other vege- 

^J3cd^ kuhaka, see '^^^^. 

^J3^ kula, see sojs^. 

=^J3^ kuli, see ^jseS. 

^JS°^o7^ kaiinge, s. An irregular 

^J3s;*j kulu, ^^^ ^-^^^• 

^v;^ kruta, adj. Done, made. .?. 
Improvement; repairs; addi- 
tion. --^ii^o^oJ to improve, 
as land etc. 

^.in i krutajnate, s. Gratitude. 

^x^ojojri, ^^s^ojjori krutayuga, 
kriitayuga, s. The primeval 
golden age of the Hindus. 

=^x3Dq5r krutartha, adj. Success- 
ful, fortunate, happy. 
=^x3 kruti, s. Verification; 
literary composition. 

^,3^ krutike, s. The Pleiades. 

=5!^^^, %\^^^ kruttima, kru- 

trima, s. A irick, artifice, 
deception. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft, adj. Fraudulent, 
^v^o krijitya, s. An action, act. 
2. duty, conduct. 3. any 
thing proper to be done. 
T^.t krupe, s. Grace, mercy, 
compassion, favour, ^s^a?, 
^\3j3?feA-rf ItL the ocean of 
mercy; the all-merciful God. 
=g!vSo kr^mi, sec -S^so. 
^x&., =?^N^ krushi, krijshe, s. Agri- 

culture, husbandry. 
=^x^ =5'^^ krushna, krushne, s. 
Krishna, the eighth incarna- 
tion of Vishnu, adj. Black. 
-3i^ the dark lunar fort- 
night. —'^^^'^ a buck antelope. 
—7it>F a kind of black-serpent. 
kem, ken, abbrev. of^o^ red. 

"iofiom^ kengannij, see ^eos^of^. 

^orlo^ kengude, s. An obstinate 
or refractory person, block- 
head. 2. one who has no 
feelings, a cruel man. 

=^od, ^0^^ kenca, kenci, adj. Red. 
2. fair. — sj^^ red whiskers. 
-^yo^S) to get red, become red. 

=^o2ido^ kenjaruni, see ^tSe^^S). 

=^o^i kenja, sec ^o'^- 

€o^2;« kenjelu, s. The udder. 

=^o2!j3^^ kenjola, ^. A red kind 
of great millet. 

"io-d kenda, ^^'' '^^^• 


=^oC3D kenda 


€z^ kedda 

=^oCji)d5 kendivare, see ^o^^- 

"^0^, €o?2 kenni, kenne, i'. The 

=^oSJeJ^, kempattu, ^. Reddish- 

ness. adj. Reddish. 
€o3i 3 kempalli, s. The red kind of 

water-lily, Nyniphaea rubra. 

=^0^ kempu, s. Redness. 2. a 
ruby. 3. chalcedony, —^o^ 
red eyes; glaring eyes. — ^oo 
aiotS squash-gourd, Cucurbita 
maxima. —&l a reddish scurf 
generally affecting new-born 
infants. — «^ the red wool or 
hair of animals. — ^^ a red 
kind of the vegetable Amaran- 
ius oleraceus. — 20?ie5 the red 
spinage, Basella rubra, —so 
f^ red colour. — ^ooSs red 
soil. — ^??? a fair complex- 
ion. — -S^fA scurf. — •^o^A^ 
to make red. — "rfyo^^ to turn 

=^ctJjzl kembude, s. A kind of 

=aodo kemma, i"^^ ^s^^^- 

=^0^33 kemmade, s. Dust. 2. dirt. 
3. a kind of red insect; a 
glow-worm. 4. canker. — ^e 
tJ^l to corrode; to infest. 

=^odj^ON?i kemmamnjga, s. A 
kind of deer. 

=^os5oDDO* kemmaralu, j". A ruby. 
2. a kind of red flower. 

'aoSra;^ kemmlse, s. Red whis- 

^TociF53* kerndel^j s. The udder. 

^■^, '^^j^ kekki, kekkilu, ^. 
The neck, throat, —t^ aoO the 
pit of the throat ; also ^^^ 
oso, ^^^^^. _t?83 lit. the neck 
and ear; a complete set of 
jewelry. — ^jy^ up to the 
neck or brim. — ::^ ■rfjo^o the 

nape of the neck. _ ^o:ioiS^ 
to cut the throat; to de- 

=CTe^do?i, =atd^o^ kejaruni, keja- 
luni, see A:3e;jS), t^^qjoc^. 

=3^28^0 a kejelpuni, see XSsix^. 

=3^ti kejja, see ^^. 

^ej, ketta, ^4^". Bad, base, vile. 
—Xjo© a bad disposition, de- 
praved nature. — ^ijS a base 
kind. —^^ wickedness. — ~ 
"(i^ bad conduct, —zisixi bad 
language. -?5ca§ a bad 

=ad, €d=5* keda, kedakiji, see 

=izi=§ kedake, ^. An oppressor. 

^2a?ij^ keda^uni (^^^), c'. n. To 
fall or slip down. v. a. To 
ruin, spoil; to defiour. 2. to 
remain, be left; also "^rizdjs 

'izLi kedu, s. A mole, wart. 

^230=^0 keduku, ^\ Nuisance, 
damage, loss. 

'id 7i keddasa, i'. A kind of three 
days' festival among the Tulu 
people about February or 
March, when they go on hunt- 
ing excursions, and eat fried 

=ffr3 keaa 


=iiL kebi 

grains. — ^ v^^ a strong wind 
blowing during that time. 

=ffr3=3'o^,=^r?j,^ kenakuni, kenkuni 
(^r«^, ^?ii), ^'. a. To provoke, 
irritate. 2. to kindle. 

^ri) keni, .y. Stratagem. 

'CT^dJ?), ^n^a^jd:^^, €3^dJ^ ket- 
taruni, kettaryuni, kettaruni 
(^^5, ^©3^5), f. 72. To feel 
pain in the belly. 

'§^ A kettige, s. Carving, en- 
graving, chasing. 2. setting, 
as jewels. —"^^ a carved 
stone. — ^a?j carved work. 

=^^o^;j kettuni (^S,), v. a. To 
carve, chisel, engrave, chase. 
2. to dig slightly. 3. to set, 
as jewels. 

=§t^ kette, s. The bark of a tree. 
2. a piece, slice, chip. 

'iufo'i, =ado=# kedunke, kedanke, 
s. The tip of a bird's wing. 
2. a thin layer, 

'vzf^<if kedukulij, see vrS^6, 

"ir^^C)^ kedaruni (^=^o), v.n. To 
break out, burst forth. 2. to 
be excited, irritated. 

=^a kedi, s. A feather. 

=§d>^ kedu, ^. An artificial tank, 

pool, pond. 
=adJ3r?o^ kedonuni (^^^), v.n. 

To lie down, rest. 
'^^tS'o^ kenakuni, see ^^s^o^. 
^^ kenni, i-^^ ^c^. 
^3^ cl keppade, .?. Swelling of 

the cheeks. t?cQ_ swelling of 

the temples and cheeks. 

^-^j.'i,-^ keppatana, s. Deafness. 
^sj ?3r kepparse, see =#^. 

^h keppi, s. A deaf woman. 
2. a silly woman. 

=CT^ keppu, s. Deafness. — -^iiosgk 
deafness and old age ; dotage. 
-^wo^si to behave like a deaf 

#s3 keppe, s. A deaf man. 

^53 keppe, ^. The cheek. 2. the 
temples. — K ^ss'os) to slap 
on the cheek. — &!3tfo^ to 
dislocate the cheek-bone. 

"iti kebi, i'. The ear. — es:?5S^ 
deafening. — s^o^^o^ pain in the 
ear. — ts^o& a boil in the ear. 
—^i^ a deafening noise. — ^^ 
A an ear-pick. —■d:g6 half 
deaf. — ^ SociS, _?i4 a male's 
large ear-ring. —^ ^czf the 
drum <?r tympanum of the 
ear. — « ^jat5c;^ a male's 
ear-ring. — eojs-do the rim of 
the ear. — s ^o-do a male's 
common ear-ring. — Sozss 4^ 
to give ear, listen. — -^^cejoa 
the ear to itch; to hear with 
displeasure. — s'ojgo^S) to bore 
the ear. — ^?o®o» to hear, 
listen. —"ijihr^i to attend, 
give ear. — ^js::^r €^t^^ to 
listen attentively; to over- 
hear. — S5o7to4^, — beoSro^)^ 
to twist the ear. —h^-c^^^ 
to turn the ear; to refuse; 
to be fickle. ^^^ ^23 "^^^ ? 
(//A have you no ears?) don't 
you hear? 


^200 kebu 


=§6 kele 

=i2oo6 kebure, s. A deaf man. 

2. an inattentive fellow. 
€zo,£:^, kebbattu, ^^^ :^»3^- 
=^t.\eio^ kebbattuni, ^^^ ^"^^ei^* 
=#2jj kebbu, ^^^ =^^ 



=^e^r kerci, s. A knot. — srotli?! 
to tie two cocoanuts toge- 

^sio, kemma, So'e «o^. 

=^05j keyi, ^. The standing or 
growing crop in a field. — ^js 
oso?:?^ to reap the crop. — ^4" 
fi to thrash. 

=^rfoe3-^ kerantuni, see ^tSoe^o^. 

=^dc9 kerana, ^^^ Xj^p©. 

€dr?, =^DDr?) kerani, kerani, s. 
"Warts. 2. a kind of scab; 
c/. ^r^. 

^d^ kerama, see ^"rfo- 

'CO kere, s. An artificial tank. 
— ^J8o20o the sluice of a tank. 
— Be^i the illumination of a 
tank. — ^t^ the adoration of 
a tank with pomp. 

'§6oT^ kerengu, s. A sweet po- 
tato, the root Dioscorea a- 

'cto'iB kerenci, see -^-icZa. 

€Cc2.?j"w kerencuni (^'^csF), v. a. 
To scratch the ground, as a 
fowl. 2. to wipe ofi\ as water 
from the ground. 3. to 
crush down a clod of earth. 

=^a^a kerekiri, see ^Ti^. 

'iCu^^ kerejuni, see -Sr^Ssios). 

€c*j)?j kerepuni (^^)- ^'. a. To 
scrape, remove, clear away. 
2. to polish. 

«^6^ kerepe, ^. Simplicity. 2. a 
simpleton. 3. a prattler. 



=asir kerpa, s. A slope. 

=^^3t;r4^ kerpavuni, c. v. [of ^ 
brsi) To cause to kill. 

=ffd!jF^Dc5j kerpinaye, ^. A mur- 
derer, killer. 

€I^F^ kerpini(^^), ^'. «. To kill, 
murder, slay. 

^^r kerpu, ^. A kind of ladder. 
— a?^?. to place a ladder. 

€^rdv^ kerpuduni (^^srS), ^. 
ff. To cause to lean against; 
to plac6 against. 

=aJ^F?i kerpuni (^^, v. a. To 
prop, support. 

^52r kerpe, ^. A clod of earth. 
7^t^ ~— clods turned up when 
ploughing after the second 
crop. — 20js-do^ to he cloddy. 

'ii^F kerbu, see "^4^- 

=a5^oro^ kermal^, s. A Pariah 


=§^, €'o^ kela, kelavu, nwn. 
Some, few, several. -'^^ a 
few people. 

=§z>7i kelasa, ^. Business, work. 
2. employment. 3. affair, mat- 
ter. 4. advantage. ^s;:6;3ao 
eotJcS it is of no use or ad- 
vantage, ^y,— a had act or 
affair. ^^— handiwork. 

=^^ro kelasi, see =^e5A. 

=ct53o:^ kelenji, see ■&s3c22. 

=a6o200 kelembu, .?^^ *?3c8!i. 

=^23 kele 


=^^^^ keni 

'§6'aj^ kelekuni, see •^ds'oa. 

=§6^^ kelepuni (^e3), v. n. To 
crow, as a cock. v. a. To 

=^s32oo kelebu, see -SreSos!). 

=^s34^ kelevuni (^e3), v. n. The 
ears to tingle. 

#'q3Aj, =ct(55?5 kelesi, kelese, s. A 

=^o* kell^, s. Brink, edge. 2. 

vicinity. 3. a splinter. 
=#e;j riji^j kelluguru, s. A toe nail. 


— :^^o a whitlow. — rfo^ &!8rfi.oi 
a whitlow to rise. 
€dcl, =#s^cl kevade, kevude, see 

=^?oD« kesarijL, s. Mud, mire. 2. 

=#;:oD*=^o^ kesari^kall^i, ^. A foun- 
dation stone. — sjsr^o^ to lay 
a foundation. 

=^;:idj^ kesaruni (^?iS), v. n. To 
be inflamed, as the eyes. 

'%r^'^:i7 kesarme, s. The remain- 
ing symptoms of a sickness, 
before complete recovery. 

'^^o^o'ofo^ kenkannu, s. Sore eyes, 

•=^^o=3^or3SJ^ kenkannapakki, s. 
The black Indian cuckoo. 

=^^0=5^00^00^ kenkariyuni, see troo 

■'^Po=^,=3'e:*, =#Po=5-3,e7 kenkrakal- 
1^, kenkralu ^. A kind of red 

^^^ keka, s. Taking and giving 
goods on credit. — croc5o a 

customer. -:i.oT\Z\ a shop 
supplying goods on credit. 

=^^=# keke, s. A shout of joy. 
2. a loud laughter. — ^jsrija 
to shout joyfully; to laugh 

=ff^C2^ ked^, s. Mischief, evil. 
2. danger, disaster. 3. loss. 
4. perdition; also ^vi^). —'szo) 
evil times. — epLa evil or 
danger to happen. — ■rfj^o^s 
to do mischief. — so/^odjo^ to 
wish evil. 

"i^iifi, =#eSon kedage, kedinge, 
s. A mischief maker. 2. an 
instigator, ^^- a bad o/* 
mischievous neighbour. 

^^r^o^ kenuni (^?^), v. n. To 
hear, be attentive to. 2. to 
obey. 3. to ask, inquire, re- 
quest. ^?r»3o?^o3o a hearer; 
an inquirer. 

=^^3^, =^^30 ketu, ketu, ^. The 
dragon's tail or descending 
node, reckoned by Hindus 
as the ninth planet. 2. a 
standard, flag. 

=0^i kete, s. A glutton. 

"i^zf kedi^, ^. Mud, soft clay. 

=^^(^03:5, =ct(^CjD02j kedayi, kedayi, 
s. The flower of the tree 
Pandanus odoratissimus\ 
also ^?5i- ^=a;)5s^— a gold 
head ornament. 

=a^j^D*Dji>^* kedarumin^, i". A 
kind of fish. 

=a?^^D* keniru, s. The serous 
matter of a boil. 

=^^^ kene 


#, kei 


#^(S kene, s. A kind of yam, 
Artcj7i campamdatum. ^5oo 
^J^— Dracontium polyphil- 

€$sj^ kepale, ^-^^ ^?^e;. 

=?^^2o^ kepijinu, s. A red ant. 

=^^S§ kepu, J'. The cap of a 

musket, etc. 
^^^i^, =5^?^?? kepula, kepula, 5. 

The shrub Ixora coccinea. 

— ^ its flower. 
^^zSjtrSo kebonya, .y. Hot ashes. 

=a^s^ kema, ^. A blow, hit, box. 
2. meal, food. 

'ff^oSiJ keyi, 5c t? ^oso. 

^^t^ kerala, s. The province of 

=^^3 keri, i". A street, lane. 

=^^6 kere, s. A kind of harmless 

^^d^^o* kerekarij, .y. A scaly- 
skinned leg. 

=a5620J3dj kereburu, s. A kind of 

=CTe 6^0^050 keremeyi, i-. A scaly 

^^'t'^ kerle, i". A sound, noise. 
2. the mid-rib of a sago palm- 
leaf; cf. t^-te. »e5 ^e^ a 
kind of scoop for irrigating 
a field. 

^l^ kelij, 5. The abode of a 

'^^tjd kevaji, s. A kind of fish. 

=ff^::j^ kevala, adj. Entire, sole, 
absolute, excessive, adv. Very 
much, entirely — s^sb a great 

sinner -?^?§ great friendship 
—201^^ a very poor man. 

^^^ kevu, .S-. Boat-hire. — 3i 
§0"^ a hired boat. — ct):io a 

^^^ kesa, J". The hair of the 

"^IZt) kesara, s. A filament. 2. 
pollen. 3. the tree Mesua 

"^^tt. kesave, s. Vishnu, one 
who is worshipped. 2. a 
man's name. 

"^^T^ kesu, s. A male's superior 
upper garment, made of red 

=ff(';:;i5 kesari, s. A lion. 2. the 
filaments of a flower, s'oc^o 
^^-i— Spanish saffron. ^"4— 
the filaments of the lotus. 

=^?;d^r kesarme, see ^TiSor. 

"i-, kei, s. The hand. 2. a sleeve. 
S.thehandle of an instrument. 
4. a branch or leaf of a plan- 
tain tree. 5. the arm of a 
river, ^/c. 6. a key. 7. a lot 
of five, as nuts, sheaves of 
hay, elc.] cf. ^ceo. _s5dj^- a 
handful; willingly, liberally. 
—^5 the hands and legs. 
— ^Sjthe hand proper, consist- 
ing of the palm and fingers, 
united by the wrist to the 
arm. —© ^oB the knuckles of 
the hand. — ososS, see #j^Aor©. 
—s^i as long as the hand. — S 
§^ subject to, dependent on. 
— 3ij3-d beyond the reach of 

'§1 kei 


% ^ei 

the hand, f^^— , 2^^— under- 
hand; collusion. so~— the 
arm of a river. rfse:— , rfo 
^_, ci;^ _, bei — the left hand. 
S&5— the handle of a plough. 
^^— side by side, closely. e9 
^ sgzf^^S psiS^ z^6 a child at- 
tached to its mother, eoe;— , aD 
Ci^— the right hand. sSsXil- a 
key. ^03^?:;— the ornamental top 
of a pillar supporting a roof; a 
roof projecting from the trunk 
of a tree, ^^^^j, the palm of 
the hand. Tiooo-Rj^ the elbow. 
jSej^^rfsyir^ ///. to strike the 
hands against the ground ; to 
curse. — ^oaD handful; libe- 
rally. — ^ SSo^^ to come to 
hand, be within reach of the 
hand; to be caught. — ^ e^s 
osjK e?bs> /^V. to be service- 
able for the mouth and hand ; 
to succour, help, as a grown 
up son to his parents. — ^ 
8OTOsoh ^J3?;^ liL to glance at 
the hand and mouth; to 
covet. — ^Uo^?j to cross or 
tie the hands. —^sr^r-i to 
expect or seek help ; to watch. 
—^orfo.^, —^s'ozij^s* to shake 
or dust off the hand. — ^jszjs 
4^ to join hands, as in 
marriage. — =5;2t5j^ to attain, 
gain; to succeed, prosper. 
— ^jsbr^ to shake hands; to 
help, assist. —'i:7>^^?jto draw 
the hand back. — aisT^o^ the 
hand to slip; to slip from 

the hand. — !&®?Z534S>. see — s'js 
Gs^fj. —■&jt^rid?i to close the 
hands. — ©yo^S) to clap the 
hands; to pat on the back. 
—^tfsSfi to stop the hand. —^ 
§^5 DeLr^ to misplace, miss; 
to place out of reach. — B 
c^si to settle one's hand in 
writing, —^j^h^ to feel the 
pulse; to observe the palm 
of the hand, as a palmister. 
— iiwaoS^o^, — ojseJoo^'Oo), — ^jas;*oo 
^os). —£^0^^. — tia^cs'o^ to wash 
the hand. -a?t^^ to dip (?r place 
the hand on the head; to 
ordain. —is^Fr-i to lift the 
hand; to threaten; to assault. 
—^zi^j;)^^ lit. to direct the 
hand; to intermeddle; to 
manage a business. — ^r^^a 
lit. the hand to move ; to be 
energetic or able to work; to 
succeed in any undertaking. 
— 3rfoc334S) to move the hands, as 
when busy, —tjo-ii^^ the hand 
to shake. — 3ia3^4^)to re-marry 
a widow or divorced woman. 
— 3i;^S) to stretch out the hand 
in order to receive ; to show 
the hand ; to hold by the hand ; 
to marry; to be blessed with 
prosperity. — s3t5o^ to put or 
thrust the hand into any 
thing ; to undertake ; to in- 
terfere; to assault; to take 
liberties, as with a woman. 
_20E^^S) the hand to get tired. 
— so^jsr^st to grope; to give a 




=§i=S, keikra 

second coating of plaster ; to 
give permission to eat. —83? 
a;os. — 8!ie4S)r —83?^^ to move 
orw&ye the hand; to menace, 
threaten. — eootJobs) /zV. to let 
go the hand; to give over, 
forsake, desert. — sojslJo^ liL 
the hand to fall down ; to he 
unahle to work; to meddle, 
interfere, take part. — t3?-doa 
to lift the hand for strik- 
ing. — ■^?3e;oS) to prepare 
to fight. — ^o^o^S) to bran- 
dish; to assault; to bargain, 
handsel. — ■^^re-rfos- to exchange, 
alter. _ sre^or- to trans- 
gress, violate; to menace. 
_^i3o?\orfoo^ to close the hands 
out of respect, to salute, 
—■rfooyo.^ to touch with the 
hand; the hand to reach. 
—4/}do ^ to rub the hand. 
— 4scl)o^ejo^ to ease the hands 
after Avork. — ^©o^^ to press 
or squeeze the hand. — 4ra^ 
4^ to ask permission to eat. 
_€?'djsj to go into one's 
possession. — ^^ass^S) the hand 
to get weary or exhausted. 
—53^3^0^ to strike a bargain, 
to make a cheap bargain ; 
to promise, assure, 
to attain, gain. 
f^^l},^ kei-attilu, J- 
for oneself. 

=§i^ozi keikanji, ^. Cattle. 
=^Y^£j^, keikattu, s. A kind of 

'i-^d keikada, s. A temporary 

loan, without interest. 
#>^5i keikashta, s. Industry, la- 
bour, handicraft, husbandry. 
'ivui)T^'i keikanike, s. A present 

given to a superior on the 

occasion of a visit. 
"i^Su^ keikar^, s. The hands 

and leffs. — x;^„^ to embrace 

the hands and feet; to cringe. 
=§Aoi^, =a>^JoUo, ^)nOod keikin- 

de, keikuntu, keikunda, s. A 

piece of cloth to handle heated 

vessels with, 
=^)^oodo, =^>^ood5:3^keikundu,kei- 

kundelu, s. Poverty, strait. 
=^^^jdS keikudari, s. A hatchet. 
'uyuoUj'^ keikudya, s. Shortness of 

means. 2. poverty, strait. 
^v3^ keike, see ^^^. 

keikelasa, s. Manual 

labour, handicraft. — c:^:^ a 

manual labourer. 
=^/#J3r?o^ keikonuni, f. refi. To 

hold. 2. to accept, receive. 



I -s 

keikori, s. A kind of 

CCwc) O uO r^ 

^iy=ad kei-akshara, 

€^e^ kei-al\ji, see ^^odjsf", 

=^i^^J3^S keikori, s. 

round or long scoop for serv- 
ing boiled rice with. 
Cooking I 'ivzs^^^ keikolU; s. A walking 
s. Hand- =CT,€jsr^ keikola, s. Handcuffs. 
=ix=u ojj keikraya, s. Cash. 2. 
purchasing for cash. 

=#-,?i kei^a 



=§)t> keipe 

^)-io^* keiganti^, s. Money in 
hand. 2. a hand-bag. 

'^^^rtrlF?;* keigargasij, J. A hand- 

'i-.n^Ci keigadi, s. A wheel-barrow. 
2. a go-cart. 

=^)rT30=5^ keigarike, s. Manual 
skill, dexterity; handi-work. 

^-.riora keiguna, s. The virtue or 
efficiency of the hand. 2. 
practice. 3. experience. 

=5'^rij^F keigurta, ^. A person's 



'^)Z^53o3'5,(J keicamatkara, i". 
Dexterity, sleight of hand. 
2. manual skill. 

=^^e^^s% =me3^^;^^ keicalaki^, kei- 
calak^, 5. Quickness of hand. 

'§)^t,r\^ZJ^ keitapagunji, s. A ges- 
ture made with the hand. 

=^v^^ keitappu, s. A mistake, 
slip of the hand. 

^^6 keitale, s. A hand-rope to 
climb a palm tree with. rby. 

'iy^dn^ keitadegu adv. Towards, 

=ms°T?^ keitalij, adv. Near, by, 

=ffj^3-soA^ keitangu, s. A hand rail 
for supporting when crossing 
a small bridge. 

=§^°-^ keitala, s. A small cym- 

=^>:^Jod keitunda, see ^j^^o^. 

"^^^sodo* keitudaru, s. A hand- 

€\p^ keidu, s. A sword, sabre. 
2. a prison. 3. arresting. . 4. 
conclusion, end. -i?Ls) to 

conclude, end. — ^ t>oh^ to 
confine, imprison. — ■^^o-s'o^Si 
to arrest; to stop, finish, ter- 

"^■i^od keidanda, s. An unneces- 
sary loss. 

€-c5o:l keidande, s. A bracelet. 

•i) ' ' 

^i-tUjd Q keidaddye, s. A kind of 

cake boiled m steam. 
'i^pDd keidare, s. A marriage 

=^^a keidi, s. A prisoner. 
=^)P?3J keidipa, i'. A hand-lamp. 
=^^do keidu, see ^j^5. 

=g'Y^c".:;?^ keinambige, ^. Giving 
or striking the hand in token 
of a promise or assurance- 

=§)fa keine, A nasty woman, adus. 

=§^^-^^ keinenu, s. The knot of 
a fishing tackle. 

=§^^^U keinota,.s. Aim or direc-. 
tion of a weapon swung by 
the hand. 

=§-^^'^1)'^' keipattinali^, s. A wife. 

=^,3j^C3^ keipadiji, s. Gain, ad- 

'v^ keipu, see ^eSsS'. 

"i-^^d keipude, s. The name of 
a certain class of Pariahs. 

=^^^°vj keipulu, s. A rake. 

'i-)^)^o keipulu, pi. of ^35^, 

^>35 keipe, s. Bitterness, adj. 
Bitter. 2. envious. —^^Ti bit- 
terness; envy. — ^^o a kind 
of fish. — aroosjcsoSo a miser. 
—^■ri::>?i.^ — ej^'Ojc'i to be very bit- 
ter; to be envious, y?^'. 

'a^ keipe 



€,s5o* keipelu, ^. Bitterness. 

(7,7^'". Bitter. 
=^^^5c'^oJ)^ keiperipuli, s. Bitter 

orange of Atalantia mono- 

#,4^r^ rf) keiponjavu, s. A single 


=^^^2^ keipheti^, s. A plaint, 

#i2..dS5* keibadalu, i". Exchange. 

2. changing hands. — ■^^Ox^^ 

to exchange; to change hands. 
#v^C' keibar^, s. A circle. 
=#)2^C5l keibaravu, ^. Hand-writ- 


'b-z.^T^ keibarkatu, s. The vir- 

tue or efficacy of the hand. 

#^^JS^ keibalike, s. Avarice, 
borrowing readily aiid re- 
turning tardilv. 

'§)Zj^ kaibale, i'. A bracelet. 

=3^^t:r5)z3 keibaji, s. A small kind 

of chisel. 
^^^i^^ keibittu, s. A handful of 

seed sown on the fifteenth of 

Paggu (about the end of April; 

as a beginning of cultivation 

€r^d2j* keibirelu, s. The finger. 
^)Zi7^F keibirsu, s. Sleight of 


hand. 2. quickness of hand. 

7it^°ii keibile, s. Cash price. 

^)i^zQ^iZDQ&j keibudtinaye, s. A 
destitute, or unhappy man. 
2. a wicked man. 

=§yV^U keibedi, s. A pistol; a 

'i-ip^^ keib5di, s. Handcuffs. 

=^^:fe^ keibsvu, s. The neem- 

tree, margosa. 
=§^Z3ihu keibyara, s. Purchasing 

for cash. 
€^^ keima, s. A small piece. 

— -rfj^o^fi to chop into small 

=^,d^ora* keimannij, s. Fine earth 

used as a rough plaster. 

—^jstr^i to plaster with it. 
€>dor^ keimani, s. A hand-bell._ 

'c^^T^F^ keimarceliji, s. Dome- 
stication, taming, adj. Dome- 
sticated. —:^ ^^?Q a tame fowl. 
—■rfo^Os^'j to domesticate, tame. 

€-,sJj?d keimada, s. A funeral 
ceremonj'. — ^rfrail such a 
cermony performed with mag- 

^^js?-/, =§^jj^7<i keimas^, kei- 
masa, s. A slow poison. 

€^5Jo-,£j keimutta, s. Urgent 

^x^j keime, see >^?^. 

=#i^oa„ keimette, s. A kind of 
musical instrument. 

€^^Jl^?o keimosa, s. A slip of 
the hand. 

#03jDC1 keiyara, adv. With one's 
own hand; by handfuls; wil- 
lingly; liberally. 

=a>GiJ3S?* keiyalu, s. A dependent, 
an attendant. 

=^.oJonfeb keiyyakeiya, adv. 
Hand in hand. 

=a)03>cl keiyyedde, s. The virtue 

T^iOSjs^ keiyyo 


=^J3o=^ konka 

or efficacy of the hand. 2. 

practice.' 3. experience. 
=^^o3J?goOJ^i, keiyyoppige, s. A 

^»CoJ3o3 keiyyoli, s. The mouth 

of a weel. 
^)^c*, =^>0"33^ keir^, keirati^i, s. 

Welfare, health. 2. happiness, 

€^coSJ^^* keirumalu, s. A hand- 
=a)£)* keilu, ^. A spoon, ladle. 

2. the handle of a hoe or axe. 

3. a cluster or bunch of fruits. 
^otl&3i_. -dotidt- the handle of 
an axe. z^-Q— a bunch of 
plantains, -z^i'ri^?^ to fix a 
handle; to put forth a cluster 
of fruits, as plantains etc. 

'ii^'^d keilakade, ^. The handle 
of a ladle pointed towards its 
end. adj. Very thin, as the 

'i^pd keilade, s. A kind of cake. 
2. a pigeon hole. 

=^e;^£iF, ^ip^'^f^ keilapurli, 
keilapurli, s. A kind of creeper, 
the flowers of which are used 
in curries. 

'§•^'^^6 keilapulire, s. A kind of 
creeper; also 's^^^^^'S. 

^^OD7i keilasa, s. The heaven of 
Siva. —^'^ a loan irrecover- 
ably lost. 

vyp'^^ keiltari, s. The feminine 
species of palmyra. 

=^Sj2> keivalya, s. Heaven; 
eternal happiness; beatitude.. 

— ^:^o^S) to attain beatitude. 

^^^e3jsoA0 Til^r^ to die. 
'^xzi^ keivasa, s. Possession. 2. 

subjection, taming. — eyLr^ to 

submit; to get into possession. 

— •rfos?o^^ to take possession; 

to subdue. 
^j^SDu* keivadij, s. Manual skill. 

'^•>pDTf keivar^, j'. A pair of 
compasses. —^iDrio?^ to use 

=^^4'5'^'5* keivodak^, i-. Progress ; 

=CT>4'3=^^, ^^^^j keivoppige, 
keivoppu, see "^j^cojtb^-R. 

=u-i)6 keisere, s. Arrest, capture. 

=^)Xje3 keisatti, s. A round, 
wooden trough with a handle. 

=3')^o keisare, J-. A Csesar, em- 

'i^j'?}^ keisala, s. A small or 
temporary loan without a 
pledge. [a wall. 

#,?jJ3o33 keisumbe, s. A hole in 

=^v^-^^ keisure, s. Plundering, 

€i?3j3on keisonne, 5. A sign made 

with the hand. 
=CTiTOi)§i keihalita, s. An estimate 

made by the hand, z. e., by 

handling a thing. 
=^^col^ keihidi, s. A vade-mecum. 

2. a warrant lor arresting 

a person at once. 
=^j'!)G=3'r3 konkana, s. The Konka- 

na country. 
'aJSo^D^ri) konkani, i'. The Konka- 

iii language. 

=^jj)o^ konka 


=5jj)oCj, kondra 

'uJlz'^c^, 'is^o'ut^- konkane, kon- 

""J ' . 

kanye, s. A Koiikani Brahmin. 

=^j?)c€ konke, i'. A hook. 2. 
crookedness; (^ ^;j^^. a;^. 
Crooked, curved, bent; also 
=Ssi'§. — =5c'rf a crooked field; 
an isolated field. 

=^J3cn^ kongu, s. Irregularity, 
crookedness, adj. Bent, curv- 
ed, arched, irregular. 

=^J3or! kong'a, s. The declivity of 
a mountain. 2. a name of the 
Cera or Kerala country. 

^JSor!c*=aJ?;Ci kongarukuli, s. An 
irregular tooth; also =^-xc8:5 

€JSoh kongi, .y^^ ^J^?=*^.. 

=a>£onD* kongeru, j. The lower 
class of Tamulians. 

'u^o'ih konci, see ^ocel. 

^JSoei konta, ^. Yiciousness. 
2. stupidity, a^'. Vicious. 2. 
stupid. — ^J3?E? a vicious buf- 
falo; a stupid fellow. — ^tiosi, 
_20js^?) to be vicious or res- 
tive; to limp, halt. 

'CTJScbD^^ kontavuni, see =^;3eo&s 

€j?oeiJ kontu, see ^j^^ok^. 
=§s^ozi konda, s. A pit, hole. 

^js^— a fire-pit. 
^J^cdh^, =#J3o:34^ kondapini, 

kondavuni, see ^jaoTiosoLrs). 
=CTJSoC5i)s^ kondata, s. Praise, 

eulogy, applause. 

=§Jiozn):ij^ kondaduni ( 


"ffj^oa kondi, s. A sting. 2. a 
hook. 3. the staple" that holds 
the latch of a door, elc. 4. the 
clasp of a bracelet; also ^oS; 

'aJSor^J kondu, pasl. part, {of ^^ 
c©o^,) —SJBclDSi to put, lay- 
— ^:^:jofj to run away 
— ^eL^ to take away, 
convey. — eobrs* to 



V. a. To praise, applaud, 
glorify, celebrate. 2. to boast. 

=aJ3o2l konde, s. A liquid mea- 
sure, equal to half a seer, or 
dry measure equal to one- 
fourth or one-sixth of a seer. 

2. a hollow piece of a bamboo. 

3. the bush or socket of a 
wheel. — sQj an umbrella with 
a small bamboo handle. 

=aJSoc|JSoj?j, =^jJrlJ3^^kondopiiii, 
konopini, see ^j3ctli^?L^. 

=aJSc:^ konta, .?. Strength. 

=aJ3os^ kontala, ^. A large boat. 

=aJ3o3S^o-^ kontalyuni (^-=^f)r 
V. n. To burn, ache, pain, 
smart; also =^j5c;^9orfoo^. 

'^JSo3e)fj kontana, ^i:^'. Bound- 
less, immeasurable. 

€j3o3 konti, i-. A kind of fish. 

=^Xcao kontu, s. The cross-beam 
of a hand-water-lift. 

^J5c<5 konde, J. A kind of 

€j3c:o konde, s. The pudding- 
pipe tree, Cassia fistula. 

^J3ogj kondra, ^^Z Small, little. 
—tiT&'S. a small garland, rosary. 

=^J3osJ kompa 


=§Jl^, kokka 

=§Jlo^, =^J3o33 kompa, koinpe, s. 

A heap. — sj^rl^a to heap up. 
=^JSozo komba, ai^/. Horned. -^ 

S the pincers of a crab cU. 

—ietfoB a kind of centipede. 

— ^?f^ a scorpion with shears. 

~^t36 the thumb. — -^oy /J a 

kind of cap made of the stalk 

of an areca-nut branch. 
=^J3oWD^ kombar\i, s. A kind of 

cap worn by Koragars. 
=aJ3o2odo^ kombaruni, see 3^0020 

"^JSo^S^^JS^^^ kombikolij, i'^^ ^j^o 
^^©07^60* kombirel^, -Jt-Y ^^jsoso. 
"^JSo^islirf kombimara, s. A mast, 
b ^J3o20J kombu, i'. A horn. 2. a 
musical horn. 3. a tusk. 
4. a branch. 5. spadis, the 
tender flowerbud of a palm- 
tree, prepared for the ex- 
traction of toddy. ifcS^— 
the horn of a deer. ©"dF— , 

cSjsbB— , 3i&jse?— , ^j3?cS_ are va- 
rieties of horned buffaloes. 
3ie3^o-drf— the staff of a palan- 
kin. — ctodSj one who blows 
the horn; a proud man. 
—rorfn music with the wind 
instruments. — jSj^on the dis- 
tance of a horn-sound (about 
two miles). ~^^4^ to blow 
a horn. — eoS^r^ the horns to 
appear; to become arrogant. 

=^J3od kombe, s. A buck deer. 

=^J3oefo^ kombelij, s. A horn 
used by a toddy-drawer to 

soften the flowerbud of a co- 
coanut tree in order to squeeze 
out toddy from it. 
^JSoS^OQ^ kommari^, see ^jsoeoS. 

^JSo^o komme, s. Corpulence, 

fatness, adj. Corpulent, fat. 

—■£iz,^Q3o a corpulent man ; 

an arrogant fellow. — f^&odoor^ 

to diminish, become thin. —^ 

^» to get fat, become stout. 

— -dojsS ^t??:)r^ to become very 

fat, as cattle. 
=CTJ3ohr korngi, s. The branch 

or spatha of a sago-palm. 
^JSohr-, =^J3o?ioF-SjJd korngi-, 

korngu-mara, s. The Indian 

beech tree, Pongamia glabra. 

_rf sojsTjj a kind of creeper. 
=^J3o?ior korngu, s. A crane, 

^JSoT^F kornge, ^£^^ ^jao^F. 2. a 

white cock. 
^J5o(^r kornde, .y<?^ T?j3-dd 

^siSodor korndu, .y. The stalk of 

a cocoanut or other palm 

=^JS=CT, kokka, .y. The game of 

hide and seek. — aeS^S) to play 

at such a game. 

=^J3=5',D* kokkarij, s. Roughness. 

=^J5=^rf, =aJ3=CT,6, €j5=ct,53 kokkara, 

•O" TT ^ 1 • T\ 

kokkare, kokkale, adj. Rough. 
adv. On half bended knees. 
—•^-^ rough and crooked. 
_^j%^o^S) to sit on half bended 
knees. aroosj t'j^^ "§1 ^jbo'^tS 
the words are sweet, but the 

actions rough. 


^J3=a^ kokka 


"^Jikzj. kotta 

=#J3^'3,05j kokkayi, ^^^ ^jses^osj. 

=ctJ3=^ kokke, J". A hook, clasp; 

cf. ^^e5^. — S3^^ speaking 

crossly. — ?yj,S) to crouch. 

—5 20.jdoS) to be entangled, get 

into difficulty. 
€j3=ct^^D03j kokkekiyi, s. The 

fruit of the tree Tabcrnae- 

montana coronaria. — ::; ^^ 

its tree. 
=^J3=^Oo:ioo^, ^oi€,oO^ kokkeri- 

yuni, kokkeruni (=^.t^^£^), v. n. 

The hair to bristle or stand 

erect, to horripilate. 

=^j3€j3> kokko, s. Boiled rice. 
2. cocoa. 

=§J^Zc^Jizi kocakoca, s. Lisping. 

_s3^sdo^ to lisp. 
uJ3E^Q^ koccaru, s. A kind of 

black crab. 

koccippadij, koccilu, koccel^, 5. 

A kind of pickle. 
=^J32c3 S) koccuni (^-ssl" ), r-, 71. To 

prate, brag. 
=^JS2^ol3 kojanti, i". The refuse 

or offal of vegetables efc, 

from which the juice has been 

"iji'Z^ok^ kojante, s. A thicket of 

thorns. adj. Tliorny; im- 
^Jiti'd^ kojaku, adj. Over-ripe. 

2. burst, broken. 
€j3:d^ kojapu, s. Sour milk, 


'i-Jiiti'^'^, €j32S3^^, =^ja2ioJ^^ 

kojapuni, kojepuni, kojelpuni 

spoil. 2. to break, cut. in 
^Jtti^jd iOJSookoJameda-buru, .y. 
A kind of creeper. 

"ijltiU' kojari^, see ^o3;5. 
=iJl2^o^ kojalu, see ^o3i<5. 

=5^J5Zi^o^, €j?)t3-ijj^, €jj.^^>j^ 
kojaluni, kojiluni, kojeluui (^^ 
&6", t^jsaS^, ^jstS^"), 7.'. «. To 
burst, break in pieces. 

€js2ScI3 kojenti, see tfjsOioi:. 

=^X2S, s. An eunuch. 

=u'js.iJ^J5eJ kotakota, adj. Defici- 
ent, short, little. — ^^^ small 
quantity of rice or food. —20^ 
?io^ to serve out but little food. 

=^J?.£J6 kotare, see ^FjsKj. 

=^JS£j^or kotarme, see ^jjy.^or. 

=5^J3yd, =a>.i2£j^ kotale, kotale, .y^t? 

=#J3'J, kotta, i"- A hut or dwell- 
ing of Koragars. 2. leprosy; 
cf. "§.-51^,. — CDoSo, _3i§ f:;)::5o 
a leper, «(5z^.y. 

€j5y,oto kottauji, .y. A fruit with- 
out flesh, adj. Emaciated. 

=aJ3£3,o3j kottayi, s. A dried areca- 
uut. 2. contraction, stiffness, 
death. — ^wo^S) to contract, 
become stiff', die. 

^JSeJ.d kottare, see "^jz^. 

^J^y.doF kottarme, j-. Steward- 

=CTJ3e3i),d kottara, i'. A palace, 
mansion. 2. a store-room. 

€jJ)^, kotti 



=#J?(^ kodi 

=§s,kj^^ kottari, s. A store- 
keeper, steward. 2. a sub- 
division of the Sfidra class. 

=^JSlj,r^ kottig-e, s. A kind of cake 
boiled in steam. 

#J5Lb, kottu, s. A spade. 2. a 
cock's comb. 3. a peacock's 
tuft. 4. a veil. — sjdt^o^ to 
cover with a veil. 

^JS'^ kotte, s. The kernel of a 
nut. 2. the testicles. — 3^i3o. 


>) to harden. — aj::5o ^ to 


€j5^,23ri, kotteaffra, see under 


€js^o ^Coc5* kottepijinu, J. A kind 

of ant. 
€jt>^,Sjjoi;?o, kottemullu, 6-. The 

plant Zizyplius xylopyrtis. 
=^jj)yr, kotya, ^. A shed, stall. 

a!3^_ a verandah. doSb— a 

€j3lio'"<sc kotrinria, J". A lark. 
=^JS^ kotre, ^, A spade. 

€je.cio=5'-B„ kodankatti, i". A kind 

of sickle. 
^j^doA*" kodangu, ^^^' ^jst^oaS. 
€j3dori kodange, .y. An ear-ring. 

€j3rao?^o kodang'ye, i". A buffoon, 
jester. 2. j-^^ €.a>T^/^ under ^js 


^JSdoc^, €jsc^o2ajkodanji, kodan- 
ju, s. A large kind of ape, 
a baboon. £?i3— a devil dancer 
going a-begging in the Tulu 
month of e?&3. 

=^J5ooc3 kodande, s. A kind offish. 

#J3c^ods;^ kodandelijt, i". A snare 
set up for birds. 

^X'C^^o^ kodakyana, adj. Hot <?r 
strong to the taste. 

'^siTi,T\:i kodagu, s. Coorg. ~^ri 
the province of Coorg. — ep^ 
the Coorg language. =^j3^^ a 
Coorgman; a turbulent fellow. 

^JSoaoj^S, uJ5c5oJ(N), ^JSiSajDrJ 

kodapana, kodapana, kodapana, 
s. A metallic waterpot. 

=CTJSciaj"3S^^ kodapavuni, ^. ^. {of 
^js(i4S)) To weld, forge to- 

=CTJ3d^>^ kodapuni (^jst^), v. a. 
To forge, hammer. 2. to bite, 
as a serpent. 3. to peck, 
strike with the beak. 

€j5^35kodape, s. A kind of bird, 
the hoop. 

^JSdrfooCjDoSj kodamandaye, s. 
The name of a demon. 

=^J3dQ kodari, see ??ot5&. 

=^jsa kodi, .S-. Point, end, ex- 
tremity. 2. a sprout. 3. a 
flag, ensign. 4. interdict, 
prohibition. — -rfo-rf a flag-staff. 
— ^^oS) to set up a flag in front 
of a temple as the first cere- 
mony of its car-festival. — ^ 
yo^Si to tie, in the name of a 
demon, a handful of leaves to 
a tree in a forest or planta- 
tion, prohibiting its use until 
their removal. — &!4^S) a flag 
to be lowered as a conclud- 
ing ceremony of a car-festi- 
val. — :24^c'i to remove an 


7jlQ> kodi 


=^JS£j, kottu 

interdict laid on the use of a 
forest, efc. —^:zrk)^ to deco- 
rate a shed with cloth, efc. 
—^^ top and bottom; shelter; 
progeny, issue. — c:scS issue- 
less- — cscSjcac^o, —'^i^z:i)zB'^z 
c5j a vagabond; an issueless 

€jsa^^ kodipuni C^-^^^), "'. n. 
To bud, germinate. 

€j2fe6 kodire, s. The top-leaf. 

^JJdj^c^j koduku, ^. The hymen. 

adj. Obscene. 
'cJtd kode, s. An umbrella. 

#«-'Sclct5 kodenji, s. The inside 
of the cheeks. 

=#J5d|olJ koddeyi, i^. A kind of 

^J33f"r5*, =^J53?"F^* kodvanu, ko- 
dyani^, 5'. A small kind of fish. 

€jScI r koddye, s. A bull or ox 
with a tutt of white hair on 
the tail. — '-^ a cow with such 
a tail. 

'€jt'c2'S> konaje, s. A fly infest- 
ing the eves. 

T^J^^rsoS^o^ konajekallu. i^. A 
large rock near Muclabidri. 

^JSrs^?:) konapini, ^t:^ ^^.c<li20 
Lrr^ under ^jscii). 

=#jp.r3^, €j?;fi-fss3 konale, konole, 
^. The weed Paps alum pilo- 
siun. —'i' "o^t a bad person. 
—-i iL^^ a kind of bird with a 
very long bill. 

=ffJ5ri) koni, s. A sting. -trj)doa 
to sting, adj. Cunning, de- 

=5^-1^?:'^ konile, see ^j?ir©«3. 

=^J5r2o^ konuni (^jj-??), ^'. n. To 
take, hold, keep, in corn- 
founds with other verbs; as., 
oorio— to meet; ^^— to hold, 
keep; ^— to take to heart; 
Lsi:— to recognise, discern. 

fl/z auxiliary verb to form 
r^exives ; as, e^4«:f®os> to be 
careful; g^j?iC©ON to get en- 
tangled; ?itlij2r©0r" to walk, 
behave; ero^jareo^ to prosper, 
do well, ti)^:?) r^o?., to make 
for one's self. 3. /or its past 
part, see '^jio::io. 

€j?,fl kone, see ^.ar5. 

=iJlt^J^h^ konopini, see ^jjcti> 

=ffJ3rS ^ konpini (^-ri). 7-. ??. Ta 

=^Jl^c2oa, €j^Sj,o22o kottambari, 
kottamberi, ^. Coriander, Co- 
riandritm satirum; also ^j3 

— 2c^4^c an ear-ornament of 

gold, strung with small corals. 

€j53j, okottala, see =^^5,*, ^-sas^eS. 

'isjt -o'a''^. kottalakatte, s. A 

police station. 
€v©£5©n kottalige, s. A palm 

branch stripped of its leaves. 
=^03^^!^'^ kottavale, see =#.J3f^»i. 

€jS" ^ kottala, s. A bastion. 

2. bulwarks. 3. a trough. 

4. a stone pavement. 
=#J5£0^ kottu, .y. A mark showing 

the limit of a liquid measure. 

^J3J„ kotte 


'^jsoSj koyi 

=7J3| kotte, J". Trash, dirt. 

=ctjS3^s3 kotvale, s. A police of- 

^jsdoei, =^J5doeor^i kodanti, ko- 
dantige, s. A wooden hammer. 

=5^j3ui;2* kodad^, ^. A chopping- 

€j3Cj^j kodame, s. A blockhead, 

€js£i kodi, s. Greediness, eager- 
ness, —^o-^^, — eojs-rfosj to be 
affected with the evil effects 
of greediness. — /^^S) to take 
away the evil effects of greedi- 
ness by charms. — eooft^^ to 

^^jaasjej-^c^ kodipavuni, c. v. {of 
^jsasd;^) To cause to boil. 

=^J3a^^, ^^JjaoJjj^ kodipuni, 
kodiyuni (^^^a), v.n. To boil, 

#J3as32:*, =^J3dJ52e:* kodipel^, 
kodupelij, ^. The act of boil- 
ing. 2. lisping. — ecroS boiled 

^JSCjOoC-okodumbUji'. Thecymbi- 
form sheath of a bunch of 

=^vJ3d kodde, s. Stammering. 
2. lisping. — aroosocreoSo a 
stammerer; one who lisps. 

'^jad 2:*, €j3do 2:^ koddelu, kodye- 
li^, s. A highly seasoned soup 
of pulse. 

^^JSF^d, =^J3^^ konale, konile, J"^^ 

=^v^N kone, ^. A point, end, ex- 

€j?,sj, koppa, s. The hut of 
the lowest grade of Pariahs 
called "Marimanseru" ; cf. 

=^JSs:; d, =^J^r;^^ koppara, koppari, 
J-. The dried cocoanut kernel. 

=^J3^t)ri kopparige, s. A caldron, 
boiler with a wide mouth. 
2. hidden treasure. — S^OjS 
to discover hidden treasure. 

=^J53J.^ koppala, s. A cocoanut 
garden. 2. a village of cocoa- 
nut gardens. 

=^J5^§^^ koppalipuni (^-^A^^), 
7'. «. To gargle, rinse the 

=g'js^ koppu, s. A female's upper 
earring. — s:^ SoXrs? its screw. 

=^J3s5, koppe, see XoA- 

=aJ52oQ, =^J3uO kobari, kobbari, 

.y^g ^.'s^rf. 


=5^J3 ^4 komme, .J^^ ^jso^o. 
=^wic*jj koya, adv. Over, out. 

=^J30jj€j3cdo koyakoya, adv. Ex- 
cessively, exceedingly. — dAs^oi 
to have copious perspiration. 

=^J303jo?3)^ koyimpuni, ^^^ ^"^o^^. 

=^J303jo200?;jO^j koyimbusulu, s. 

A sigh, long breath. — :2^?i, 

—300 5 Ls to sigh. 
€jso3o^^ koyipini, i-^^ ^^sj^b^. 

^JSOSoQ' koyilij, ^. Reaping. 2. 
harvest. 3. a small paddy 
field; cf. ^j3^3os2. -x;^s> to 
begin the harvest work. 

=^j303js;£j, koyilatta, s. The pad- 
dy paid to a reaper as wages. 

=5^JI05. koyi 


=uJf5 tore 

=^JS05j!i;|3 koyilatti, s. A scythe 
or sickle. 

^JSOSosS koyile, s. Pudendum 
midiebre. — -Sccoos, to become 
pubescent, to menstruate. 

€j3cd)0.2i koyyuni, see "ijt^h^. 

€.:3cijooXJt)o koyyusulUj see ^ja 

=^J3c5jn5;* koyyelu, i'. Harvest. 

€jsc3v%e;j koyyolu, i. Bivalve 

shell, Mytilus. 
=cJ3rf kora, «^. Brief, short. 

^JSucs:;' korantu, i". The kernel 
or stone of a fruit. 2. the 
cashew nut. — ^'yo .-i the ker- 


nel to be formed in the stone. 

€j2[jo^ korandi, see "ixz-^. 

'ij^Zjos^iy korantuni (^js'rfoi). z:a. 
To pretend to eat, handle food 
reluctantly. 2. to pick, as 
lice from the hair. 

^J3doi2 korampe, s. A bruise, 
contusion. 2. a welt; c/. "Siizt. 

=^J3do20u korambara, adv. Abun- 
dantly, plentifully. — :A)rfvS 
to eat heartily. 

^JSCoti korambi, s. A kind of 

^J^do'JLs:* korambil^, s. A pro- 
tection for a creeper, especi- 
ally for one of a small kind 
of cucumber. 

^JSZlo'-o korambu, s. A groove 
shaped umbrella, made of the 
leaves of the dammer tree. 
2. a rib. 

'^jarfoc^ korambe, s. A swamp. 

=#J2dr\j^ kora^uni, see "S^Tsar- 

'uJiitiA korage, s. A man of the 
Koragar caste, a tribe that 
feeds on carrion and whose 
women wear leaves. 

^JSdto, =ffJ3diij koraji, koraju, s. 

A serpent charmer. 
#J3dZ3^ koradu, s. A log, stump. 

Acqici- a piece of sandal wood. 

2. sec '§:ihr?i. 

€j3C^ koradi, see ^^sar. 

€j3CjI korade, s. A pollard. 

€j?id3, #J?di korati, korate, 5'. 
Defect. 2. want, need; ^. 

#^i^c;^.* koran^, ^. A kind of fish. 

^j^dsi^^ korapalu, i". A Koragar 
woman. 2. a female's name. 
€j3z;^^ korapuni, J^t'^;? "ixStr.. 

=^J5d55, =^J5d^s3korape, korapele, 
J. One who snores. 

€j3ds5s^ korapel^, ^. Snoring. 

^^JSds/ koral^, i'. An ear of 
corn. ^0.;^ a small or wither- 
ed ear of corn. liiocd^— an 
after-ear of corn. 

=^sJ3c3s3 korale, see ^j?>-d<d. 

€jaij?:!oa korasandi, see ^ojiro^. 

€j3rfs^ koralij, .y^^ ^.^j-d^. 

=^^u2? korale, s. Cold, catarrh; 

^JSdJ koru, i". A bar of metal. 
e[5c7\so::^ a bar of gold. 

^JSuOorto, ^JSdjori korungu, ko- 
runge, see "^jtoXor. 

€j35 kore, adj. "Weak. 2. small. 

:J36 kore 


=aij)3^, koshta 


korengi-, korenji-, koreji-mara, 

see ^jj c'r T's^j'd. 

€j36i;J0^ korejuni (^js^^), 7.'. ^. 
To make a noise. 

^^th"^, =aJ36^^ korepini, kore- 
puni (^J2^), "'. a- To bark, 
roar. 2. to bore; cf. ^o-6t?:>. 

=^J20^^ korevuni, sec s'o^odoo^. 

=ffJ3T?rG^ korkal^, ^. A kind of 

^J5E2r korji, .y^e ^-^saSr. 

=^J3(Sr, "ij^dF kordi, korde, ^. 

A whip, scourge. 
^j?55^r£J korpata, ^. Giving, 

"rJS^Dr^^ korpavuni, c. z: (of 

=#j3Lr^) To cause to give, to 

give througli another, 
'uJtLr'^ korpini (^jj^), v, a. To 

give, grant, bestow. 2. to 

beat, flog. 
^js^jjr^ kormuka, s. Startle, 

sudden alarm. 
=§Ji)7iFoQ> korsandi, see s'oTiroa. 
'iji'-o kola, see ao^. 

€j?^;o:2 kolambe, s. Marshy 

'Sj^zi'a^ kolak^, see =^j3^^. 

^JlQj^ kolake, j-. The third crop 

of rice. 
=CTJSejs3j kolame, s. A very deep 

pit; an abyss, hell, 
^JS^sS, ^J3ii5i)03j kolave, kolayi, 

.y. A clasp. 2. the metallic top 

of a cane. 3. a hollow tube. 
^J2C)€, kolike, s. A clasp, hook 

and eye. — ^03ie3 the upper end 
of a female's garment tuck 
up into her necklace. 

=^J3s3 kole, s. Murder, 2. see 
^o€. —^jiii continual hard- 

ship. [paddy field. 

^J323oz3 kolenji, i". A plot of 

=aJ3Q323 koleji, s. A kind of fish. 

=^jsd kolke, see =^.s°^^. 

=ffJS53s%^S kolkori, s. A long- 

legged fowl. 
=CTJi)S kolci, ^. Setting on edge. 
=ctJ?)^;j a kolcuni (^-f ), '^'. 7^. 

The teeth to be set on edge. 
=^JS!25 kolde, see €jsTi,r. 


=^J3p> ^, €j3©„d, =^JS^;J 53 kolta- 
le, koltile, koltule, s. A cross 
beam. 2, a clasp, 

=aJ50jrl kolnine, ^. A candle made 
of a piece of cloth twisted 
round a stick, 

=^J3c5"3 ^?ikolpavTini, c.v. (of "ijn 
s'j^ci) To fasten; to touch. 

=^J3^j kolpu, s. A sprain. 2. 
the cramp. 

=^J3^j ^ kolpuni (^ja^), ^'. «, To 
stick, cleave, come into col- 
lision, V. n. To touch, reach. 

=5's;3s3, kolme, s. Nicety, delicacy. 
— r; £f;s5 delicate workmanship. 

^JSsj^do kollataru, s. A kind of 

small fish. 
#ja£) kolli, s. A bay. 2. a fire- 

brand. — a?5i a firebrand used 

for a light, 
=^j^'^ koshta, s. Leprosy. — t^^ 

o3o a leper. 

^JS?o kosa 


€j5?ej koti 

"ij^Tiif kosar^, see ^'osioS. 2. see 

=^J3?::i5,€j3^,, =^j3?3"3,^ kosrakolli, 
kosrali, s. A perverse dis- 
position. 2. tale-bearing. 3. 
an ill-tempered man. 4. a 

=^JSS;^o^3 kolambe, s. A drain. 
2. a bath. adj. Decayed, 
putrid, stinking. 

=^J9^5* kolaku, s. Nuisance. 
adj. Filthy, dirty. 

js^^kolake, see ^jae;^. 


^J3>^/i kolag-a, s. A measure of 
=^J3^Z& kolaci, s. Buffoonery; mi- 

micry, jeerinj 

— ^UO.r^ to 

mimic, jest; to play tricks. 
=ij^°vcf kolali^, s. A fife. 
=^J3°^Qj kolala, s. War, battle. 
^js^d kolave, see €j5(^A 
=^J3°^o^ kolpu, see ^jse^o^. 
=^JS^o,^ kolpuni, ^^^ ^jse^Ov?). 
=^J5§, kolH, see ^jaes. 
=^JS^o=^ konke, see ^'jso^. 

^X^o=0vo:i konkekanda, i". An 
uneven field. 

^JS^oiiora* konganuij, s. A squint 
eye; c/. ^-sec3. 

^JS^oi^ kon^i, ^. Ridicule, jest, 
mockery. — s^yo^^, — ^^o^fi to 
make fun, to ridicule. 

"^JS^oSo konca, s. Extravagance; 
cf. ^jsesi. _^yo^^ to be ex- 

=ffJ25okj*' kontii, see ^-•sjcyo. 

^J?i^cijoA<:f kontangel^, s. Hob- 
bling, adj. Lame. 

=CTJ3^oej^^^ kontavuni, ^. v. (of 

^^?cuof.) To halt, hobble. 
^JS^ceio kontu, i'. An angle, 

corner, crook. 
€j3^os3o^ kontuni (^^eoO), ^'. «. 

To halt, limp. 
=^J3^od konde, ^. A stick to which 

fruits eie. are studded. 
=^JS^orfj, ^JS^oCoa kondra, kon- 

dru, s. Boasting. 
=^JS(=oSj kondri, see ^ooaj. 

=^j;to2J023, =^JS^oa:o^ kombule, 
kombule, adj. Soft, delicate. 

2. young. 

=^j?:^=g^ koka, ^■. The game of hide 
and seek. — a?L\^ to play at 
such a game. 

=^J2^5i)Xo kokayi, s. A bill, beak. 
—03:30 a quarrelsome man. 
— crof a quarrelsome woman. 
— SA)±)rr^ to rub the beak; to 

"ij^^^^ts^ kokilegili, s. A sing- 
ing parrot. 

'iJ5^r\6, ^w'j;^e323 kogile, kojile, 
s. A cuckoo. 

^j;^:^, ^s^JS^sS koca, koce, s. 
Boasting. 3i y^^ 3^— , 3is>^rf- vain- 

"iji^"^ koci, s. A kind of mask. 
— ^?ri maskery. — ^yo^s> to 
put on a mask. 

=cJ5(=L'oZo kotanji, ^. Sexual in- 

=uJ3^eJ':j kotale, ^. Pain, sick- 
ness. 2. the chicken-pox. 

3. hardship, distress. 
€js^Ij koti, s. A crore, ten mil- 


=§j^^tj koti 


=^J3^^o koma 

lions. 2. remembrance, re- 
collection. 3. the name of a 
male. -^^^^^ by crores. -^ 
h^ to recollect. 

'^jspei koti, s. A store, godown. 
CA35$,c;— a salt store. 

^Ja^liooj kotiya, see ^J3?y^. 

=^J3^eJo kotu, i-. Losing a game, 
^/^■. _e??:^ to lose the game. 
—Tii^Os^S) to defeat. 

^JS^^ kote, i'. A fort, fortress. 

'^j^^eJn kotya, s. A kind of sail- 
ing vessel. 

"^JS^Co* kod^, ^. A horn. 2. a 
pod. — ^^^ the milk-hedge, 
Euphorbia antiquorwn. 

'§Jij^zior\ kodang^i, see €j?>-:io-R. 

deoo kodadabbu, kodidabbu, 
kodedabbu, s. A demon wor- 
shipped by Pariahs. 

'§Ji^^ kodi, adj. A lot of twenty, 
a score. 

^JS^a kodi, i-. Corner. 2. a 
place, quarter. D^^<5:i— fire- 
side. — a^jj^ the hind part of 
the fire-place in a bathroom. 

^JS^cao kodu, see ^j3?S. 

=^jj^(i kode, rt-.'/t'. Yesterday. 
— crooSo an upstart; a young, 
inexperienced man, a griffin. 

'iji^^ kona,i'. An angle, corner, 
2. see ■Rjt^T's. By- a triangle. 

■^JS^fl kone, s. A room, apart- 
ment. 2. a corner. 

^JSijflcJsS konedappe, ^. A female 

=^J5:^cI(°Qd-S)Ojo koneriraye, s. A 
demi-god. [stone. 

=^J5er3iiS5^ konkallu, 5. A corner 

^JSC^s3 kotale, ^. A kind of fish- 
ing net. 2. a straight grown 

^J3^>3 koti, s. A monkey. -^?=|j 
the pranks of a monkey ; mis- 
chief. — ^wo^?) to be silly, 

€j3crfoC3 kodanda, s. A rope sus- 
pended in schools for punish- 
ing boys. 2. a bow. 

^JS^cS kodle, see ??js?We3. 


^J3^f^ kona, s. A kind of sweet- 

€j5^f2 1^001)03 J koneriraye, see ^js? 

=ctJ3^sJ kopa, J-. Anger, wrath. 

— ■sio^Os^^ to be angry. -e;?raj4s> 

to provoke. 
=^J3^S5"e)d kopara, s. Buffoonery, 

low jesting. 
#JS^^, =^w'S?oo^ kopi, kapishthe, 

.?. An angry man. 
^JS^ob^^ kopin^, «y. A piece of 

cloth to cover the privities. 
#ja^^ kopu, s. A cup. 
^S)^t> kope, ^. A string of fruits, 

fish, ele. 
=^J3^^j koma, s. A crowd. 

^js^s^jIj, =^J5i°sjoI3f^\ komati, ko- 
matige, s. A class of mer- 
chants. 2. cunning, craft. 
3. a rogue. — crocSo a rogue, 
crafty fellow. 

=^J3^dor9 komana, s. A piece of 




^Ji^^ kola 

cloth to cover the privities. 
2. the privities. 

#J5^^ocio komaya, s. Home-sick- 
ness. 2. attachment. 

T^J5(:^o6 komare, s. An oracle. 

=^J5P^o^) komala, adj. Tender, 
delicate, young. 2. pleasing. 

€x^rf^53 komale, s. A handsome 

=^J3^sJoo komu, s. A crowd. 

=^js?rf kora, 3. Measles. 

=^J3^d kora, fl'^'. Rough, not fine. 
2. curved. 3. harsh, jarring, 
_=5ogUo unhleached lawn cloth. 
— cszS a curved tusk or fang. 
— T^X a discordant song or 

=^JS^uo23 koranji, s. A kind of 

=5J3^C!sJo3 korapanti, i". The fra- 
grant grass, Alollugo cervi- 

^js^Coao, ^JS^cD^ korayi, ko- 
rayi, .s-. A basin. 2. lameness, 

^JS^D^^koravu, «^". Lame. —'^ 
5 a lame leg. 

=#J5f us^^ koravuni (^.se'c^), z'. :;?. 
To halt, limp. 

€j?^0 kori, i'. A fowl, cock. 
2. poultry. 3. a kind of ladle 
for serving rice. — ss20-5 a 
small bean, dolichos. — ^Wj, 
_- e5cs= cock-fi2fht. — ^u 
the right foot raised against 
anything. — ^-t^o^ a kind 
of medicinal plant. — ^c-rf^re 

an entertainment with fowls. 
—tL -St^ a chicken. —^ '^^''•^^^' 
— d t^ a cock's comb. — =5 
ajjTjj a poultry-yard. — zJf^^ 
a kind of preparation of fowl. 
— 2ie/so5 a kind of fish. — 's^ 
oS I'Oc^soS) to stand on the 
right foot. --^S) to get up 
a cock-fight. -=5^«3jS?> to crow. 
— TJc-c-ccJoo-'i to crow fast and 
lustily. 5T)S- a jungle fowl. 
&^abo_ a teal. ^?— a short 
legged fowl. 

'iJt^'D^, 'is^^'Dn korike, korig-e, 
s. Hope, desire, wish. 

€j?^dj^ koruni (^•^?S), v. a. To 
desire, hope expect. 2. see 

=aJ5^3 kore, adj. Curved, bent; 

c/. ^e^- 
=^JS5225^ korji, .y. A measure of 

grain, consisting of forty-two 

muras of rice. —"^^y by 

'iS)^kiC)r kortu, s. A court of 

^S$^dF korde, see "^Ji^r. 

^X'^ir korte, s. Preparing a 
field for sowing; also 'Sczizi 

€j?^^ kol^, see ^jseCJo. 

€j352j kola, .y. A devil-dance. — ^ 

w^r^ to assume a mask, to act 

a devil-dance. 
=aJ3e^=CT^, kolakalli, s. A kind of 

=aJ5?oo!)o kolayi, f?^/^'- In lines. 

—QoLr^ to place in lines. 

€j;.?o£) kola 


^oe^ kounca 

^^•^■DD'ij kolata, s. A game at 
which persons make alternate 
motions and strike mutually 
short sticks in each others' 
hands. — ^'^odjoos. to play at 
the above game. 

=^j?i=ii:"3 3oe; kolahala, s. Pomp, 
display. 2. din of war. 

€jir^ koli, see ^.t?3. 2. uproar, 

=§Jl^^:) kolu, s. x\ stick, staff, 
rod. 2. a sceptre. 3. a mea- 
suring rod about two and 
half English feet. 4. a kind 
of black oyster. ?frd7id-, t:;sK- 
a king's sceptre, r^^^zi— a 
rod with a handle twisted with 

€^5^00=51)6, kolukare, s. A peon 
in general. 2. a peon whose 
duty is to measure salt. 

^JS^sjJdsj* koludalu, s. A kind 
of white ants. 

=^j?'^^o;:f^3 kolubeli, s. A fence 
of sticks. 

€ji^^ koie, adj. Hollow, sunken ; 
c/. ^J3?^, :^jse^. —S'c^o a sunken 
eye, a large eye. 

=^j5p;au kolkare, see ^jsee'Jtfs'^. 

€jSfs5 kolde, see tr^sSir. 

==^Jl^Sjrs kovana, see ^jse^r^- 

€ji^D kovi, s. A gun, firelock; 

=^JS^C)^::''=a|g kovil^katte, .y. A 

mule; c/. s^s^io^^e^. 
^»J3^s3 kove, s. A mould. 2. a 

=#J3^^so5jO kovetemma, 5. Hoop- 

ing cough. — "5,i5°A a disease 
of the bowels of children. 

^JSe^^oo^o, kovemullu, s. Bar- 
leria longifiora. 

^J9^^, ^J9^^ kosa, kosha, s. A 
glossary, vocabulary, diction- 
ary. 2. the scrotum, essv— 
the stomach. 

€js^?;;*kosi^, ^i^'. Oblique, squint. 
— ^cfi) a squint eye; of. ^-■seo 

€jsp:^o2^3, ^^'j^.^^ioozoo kosamba- 
ri, kosumbari, s. k kind of 
condiment made of pulse. 

€j3^^ kola, s. The stocks. 2. 
.y^^ ^ja?e;. 3. a veil. — rfoz§, 
jg^ t^j3?rfcr^. ^jj^— hand-cuffs. 

tiir^ to put in stocks. 
=^J3^°^o"JD kolambi, .?. A broad 

=^J3C^ koli, see ^js?5. 
'^S)^^:^ kolu, i-i?^ ^jsed'o. 
^Jj^s? kole, ^. A kind of cake. ■ 

=^J^)=3'oQ koikuri, s. A kind of 
sheep with iatty posteriors. 

€j?>o^^) koipini, r'. a. To cut, reap, 

=^j?>o3j?o ^0 koyyolu, s. Chopping. 
— -£n| a species of the vege- 
table Amara7ithus tristis. 

=^JS-,e}' koili^, see ^jsoso^, ^^^. 

=^JS)^?2dcr\' koiserang^, i". The 
mode of wearing a shawl by 
a bridegroom. 

^oEc kounca, adv. Topsy-turvy, 
upside down. — s:^:!)^ to up- 
set, overturn. 




^1) rl krani 

■a^c&7, ^osjj kouat^, kountu, s. 
Rancidity. aJj. Rancid; see 

^oiij^j, s'^c^aj^kountuni, koun- 
duni (5^oS, 5^gS), z'.n. To 
become rancid. 

€^0(:aJu?j koundurasa, see ?f^S. 

=c^o^^j koumpuni (?J^=), t'. «. To 
bury. ^055 a^K a burial 
ground. ^'^csSj^rsoSo a grave- 
digger; a term of reproach. 

^o?i^i^, =a^o?i^rikaumsan^,kau- 
msanig-e, s. The scarf-skin, 

^Zcr$7^ koucanige, j". A kind of 

s^eJo koutu, 3-^^ ^^oE 

^:s^, =^w*c?o koudu, koudurasa, 

j-. A cancer on the cheek. 
=S^Qi koudi, s. A cowry. 

^iSri, =5^d koudige, koude, s. A 
cowry ; Cypraa moneta. 

=^^j\, =^cl koudige, koude, s. A 
milkman. 2. a man bringing ' 
contribution for temple feasts. 

^CeJd?j koudurasa, see s'^S. 

^doSQ koumari, ^^r^ ^^orfraa. 

xPci^ kourave, j-. A descendant 
of Kuru. 

^6 koure, s. A hailstone. —3^^ 
^0^ to hail. 

^£3^, ^5.^0 koul^, koulu, s. A 
special agreement. 2. a docu- 
ment granted by government 
to a cultivator etc. 3, the 
voucher of a vessel. 

=^0 kouli, see tfo^sS. 534ffi«5. 

^^5 koule, i-^i? r?'?. 

^sJ'c) kousala, i". Happiness, well- 
fare. 2. skilfulness. 

^5ri kousige, s. A name of the 
sage Visvamitra. 

^;^4? kousalye, s. The mother 
of Rama. 

^^, =a^§f\ kouli, koulige, i". A 
drinking vessel. 2. a bundle 
of twenty or twenty-five, aisi 
T3d— a bundle of about twenty- 
five betel leaves. 

^^0 koulu, s. Odour, scent, 
smell. 2. a kind of perfume. 
3. stench. 4. the cheek. 

=5^^, ^«?c< koule, koulye, J'^^??^^. 

^g^o^ kyati, see ■s^^B- 

^ndr^ kyadage, sec =^?co3o. 

=0^■^ ^<:^ kyalu, 5. Diligence. 2. de- 
votion, attention. 

"^.t^ kratu, s. A sacrifice, ob- 

=CT,sJj krama, s. Order, method, 
regularity. — cc??i irregular, 
disorderly. — ^s^-d, ^^j?)5 re- 
gularly, in order. 

=5^ oio kraya, i". Price, value, —t^-^ 
a buyer, purchaser. — e^e^ 
a deed of sale; also —-^4^. 
— ^icerorfo settlement of price. 
— s^aii buying and selling; 
traffic, trade. — ^yo^S), —■^'4\?i 
to fix the price. ^o3^ao ^ja 
^rf- to sell. ^oSjsao c3^^ to 

=ae),r^ krani, ^. The erruptive 
kind of rickets. 

s^ — ■^ 


ajocl khande 

■o- -B dj krittima, s. A trick, arti- 
fice, deceit. 2. sorcery, 


•§■ Oj krimi, J. An insect, worm. 

■3-,oJJ, -o-^oSj kriya, kriye, ^. An 
act, action. 2. daily religious 
ceremonies. 3. obsequies, fu- 
neral rites. 

•S-,oiJ33ic5 kriyapada, s. A verb, 

■0- oiJ-s^s^kriyapliala, s. A reward, 
as the fruit of one's deeds. 

■S-,oi3'5)^^^3^r3 kriyaviseshana, s. 
An adverb, gram. 

h^Ti. -S-^rl krida, kride, ^. Sport, 
play, amusement. 

'Sxt kruta, ^c;(? ^^^• 

"^^-^^ krussu, s. A chair; cf. 

^jj;^j , =s'j2j^ krussu, kruje, i". A 


=^J5 d krura, i". Wickedness, 
cruelty, adj. Ferocious, ter- 
rible. -^?^, — ^^ cruelty. 
— 2fra^ cruel disposition. 

^>;^ kreiste, ^. A Christian. 

=3^J3,^dkrodha,i'. Wrath, passion. 

=#Ji\^cj^?i krodhana, i'. The fifty- 
ninth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

€j3j^^ krodhi, s. The thirty- 
eighth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

^,o2tf krounca, s. A curlew. 2. 
a mountain in the Himalaya 

=3^0^ klupta, adj. Brief, short. 
2. fixed, determined. 


H) kha, The fifteenth letter 

of the alphabet. 
^01^ khanja, s. A kind of grass. 
iUod khanda, s. A piece, part, 

portion. 2. a continent. 3. a 

chapter. -e?bs> to fall into 

pieces. — ■^^Ok^ to break into 

SJoJ^ci khandane, s. Division. 2. 

dissertation. 3. criticism. 

-■rfo^o^^ to divide; to decide, 

settle; to criticise. 
SJoJS'SW^, khandabatte, see ^ozro 


2Jo^ khandi, s. A weight equal 
to twenty maunds. 2. ^^^ 

^0^^ khandita, «-'^'. Strict, se- 
vere. 2. positive, true, certain. 
adv. Strictly ; positively. 

ajo^^oo^ khandisuni (a^oa^), v. a. 
To cut into pieces, to sever. 
2. to refute. 3. to criticise. 
•4. to fix, settle. 

SJo;:ijrl khanduga, s. A measure 
of capacity, containing twen- 
ty kolagas. 

lOodCj^ khandpruni (a^oi§5), ^. flf. 


ajrl khasra 


SJJd) khuddu 


To chip, cut away a small 
piece. 2. to square, make 

Sjri khaga, s. A bird. —^'& 
Garuda, the king of birds. 

SJr^JS^^ khagola, s. The cele- 
stial globe. 

SJ'i^^ khacita, adj. Resolute, po- 
sitive, decided. adz'. Reso- 
lutely, determinately, posi- 

SJt3^FJ*Sj khaySn^Ji, s. A trea- 
surer, cash-keeper. 

SJ^J'ScS khaTane, s. A treasury. 
2. money. -^^^ a cash chest, 
cash box. 

SJt3 khajji, see X^. 

SJCS«)SJ^ khadakhadi, i"^^ ^cro^^. 

juca khadga, s. A sword. 2. the 


horn of a rhinoceros. — ^a 
a rhinoceros. 

suae* khadiri^, see ^a5. 
Sj^ khani, i'. A mine. 

SJ2o:3*, IUE..C'' khabadijL, khabar^, 
s. A report, rumour, news, 
message. 2. caution; ^.^206. 
—croSmind! take care! c/.^^ 
5cro5. — croS, —croD;^ respon- 
sibility, control, management. 

sjoio khaya, ^. Depth. 

sj:j khara s. The twenty-fifth 
year in the Hindu cycle of 
sixty. 2. an ass. 

§jd khara, adj. Sharp, hot, harsh. 

SJrfc^5-34^> kharancavuni, see ^o 
SL)do2^0ri kharancuni, see "dod-or^. 

SJ^^Dz:;^ kharab^, adj. Bad, filthy, 

SJD^slia kharamati, see ^::7>^1. 

SjO^a kharidi, s. Value, price. 
2. cost. -^^o^S) to settle the 

11)6 khare, ^^'. True, correct, 
certain, —t^^o^?^ to prove. 

SJtiJSrd kharjura, see a^S. . 

SJUi>k kaalasi, see ^^h. 

lD2;Dr/ khalasi^i, see ^osoJ. 

SuAi khasi, see 5^. 

Sj?^ khastij, i'^^ ^^• 

S3Da khadi, ^. A coarse cloth. 

s5Dfj khane, 5. A house, dwelling. 
2. an oifice. — ^o^ijsD census, 
population, epsi— a printing 

5!jj)d khara, s. A pungent i^r hot 
taste. 2. soda. «^'. Hot, 
pungent. —^tt~> to burn, feel 

S5d€ khali, ^^". Empty, vacant ; 
unemployed. 2. vain, use- 
less, —z:^^'^ vain talk, useless 
words. — '^^an empty house. 

,sj3^od khavande, 5'. A master, 
owner, proprietor. 

S5D7<i khasa, adj. Own, private. 
_aS. — 7\ one's own. — ■So^ 
one's own younger brother, 
immediate brother. 

£)7^, £iAo^khistu, khisti, see ^^^ 

ajjdosj khudupa, s. The princi- 
pal Mohammedan prayer. 

sjodo khuddu, adj. Own, per- 
soual. at/z^'. Personally, — ^^ 

SJOOD khula 


r(o^* gantij^ 

one's own consent. —Tiozysd,^ 
SQ:)^Dr^ khulas^, see s'oe;!)^. 

SJOO^ khulla, acilj. Open, not 

SUJSDs:* khusalyi, see ^ob^^. 
SJj^ khusi, see ^ol. 
li)O?0j^ khusti, see ^^o^. 

IUJ3^) khuni, J. Murder, man- 

SQJij^ khula, adj. Bad, mean, 

a3^£^6 khecare, s. A demi-god. 
jSetirJ^Bj, £^ti-us<9 a wandering 
priest, vagabond, vagrant, 

sSj?)^:^ khodi, s. Failing, defect, 
fault. 2. a simpleton, adj. 
Incorrigible, irreclaimable. 

SJSq3 khyati, s. Fame, repu- 


r» ga, The sixteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

ri, TTs (mas.), risS, ris? (A^^^-) 
flr<? affixed to verbs in ad- 
dressing Pariahs^ as soiy a, so 
07^ come (man) ; soe) as? come 

rlort, riorra, r!o7^ gang-a, ganga, 
gange, s. The river Ganges. 
2. a female's name. 7\o7v5?!t5 
Siva, who received the Ganges 
on his head. aottoocSj^^ pilgrim- 
age to the Ganges. 7(07^-^^ 
bathing in the Ganges water. 

rlortd, rior!?orf gangara, gangasara, 
s. Arrack, liquor. 

ric2:^=CT,D* gancakkari^, s. A hoax, 


humbug. — ■rfo^OxS), —5 ctjt^o^) 
to hoax. —5 eojsTJo^ to be 

riots rl)ri ganjanige, s. A frag- 
rant grass. 

rloti^ ganjani, see X^eSaS. 

riolo'© ganjali, s. A kind of para- 

rioz3 ganji, i". Gruel, rice water. 
2. starch. 3. porridge. 

rio:3^ , 7iot2^55^ ganjippu, ganjl- 
pi;i, j-. A kind of playing cards. 

rloZdJo^ ganjuppu, s. Purified 
salt, table salt. 

T\o\;f gant^, s. The ankle. 2. 
a knot. 3. a bundle. 4. 
money; riches. —Xo^ a small 
kind of jack fruit. — s^^os, 
— ^^^ a pickpocket. — r;-5c7\ 
a variety of syphilis in which 
the joints are affected. — -rfoj^ 
a sealed bundle. — ^wo^ to 
pack; to amass wealth. ~t\ 
sgiF^, — 20ot5osj34^ to untie. 
— S?5?josi, — ?joc334s> to settle a 
debt. — srotli^ to tie, bind, 
knit. — eojsTJo^ to form a knot ; 
to come in contact with; to 
attack. — -rfjs^^o^S) to make a 


Tioei ganta 


ricri ffanda 

marriage alliance, si^?— a 
fabrication, false stor^\ 
rioej ganta, see ^cw^. 

rloeJ^2|_ gantapucce, s. A male 

cat; "fl/^c Ac^. 
r!o^jD;j:cl) gantlmani, 3". A large 

rio^jD^ gantase, s. Avarice, cove- 

ricli ganti, s. A kind of earring. 

r1cl33^j>£Og gantisuttu, s. A child's 

necklace of beads. 
rtoUo gantu, s. The knot ^r joint 

of a reed or cane. 2. see aoS. 
rtoeiJS;^ gantusu, •5'. Stinking 

produced by breaking wind 

FiosS gante, s. A bell, gong. 3. a 

clock. 4. an hour. 5. j"^^ i 


^' — o3c^j^ to ring the 

bell, strike the hour. 

ricc^=?"S05j gandukayi, s. Papaw, 
the fruit of Carica papaya. 
2. manliness. 

rioi2^^Cxr! gandumryiga, s. A 

Tiocs^^N gandustana, i". Man- 
liness, bravery. 

rioCsrira gandagana, s. A host of 
demons. 2. a band of heroes. 

rioSazS^rfooC^sJ-Sv^ gandaberunda- 
pakki, i". A fabulous bird with 
two heads. 

rio:ddJi)s5 gandamale, s. Scrofu- 
la. 2. ulcers on the neck. 

ricCa^F^ gandastana, see Ac5?i^?i. 

l\zd=z d gandakshara, 5-. An as- 
pirated letter. 

riot2Do:srf gandantara, ^. Danger, 

T\zT^r\i>t) gandagali, s. Inter- 
course, intimacy. 2. inter- 
ference. 3. slander, defama- 
tion. 4. a report, c^odo aczto 
T^c ^a\ I will have nothing 
to do with him. 

rioCasriooi^ gandagundi, s. Au- 
dacity, barefacedness. 

rioS gandi, i'. A hole, opening, 
gap; cf. ^cS. >--;l)s?0|^?i to 
bore a hole. 

rIoSrf gandida, see soca^. 

rioa^^ gandipuni, ^^<2 sooa^ijs). 

iicZao gandu, «<^'. Male. 2. brave, 
valiant. 3. large, stout. — ^ 
£^t) large scissors. 

rior«o?;jj gandusu, .y. A husband. 

ricrsp gannya, .?. Esteem, re- 
gard, attention. 2. estimate. 
«<^". Numerable ; honorable. 
—tSo^OsSj to esteem, regard, 
revere, care for. 

?io3*- ganti^, see ^oi. 

riosi, riol ganti, gante, s. Rags, 
patched clothes. 

fiod, rloqi ganda, gandha, s. San- 
dal wood, Santaluin album. 
2. smell, odour. ^?— a su- 
perior kind of sandal. — ^ 
^srf. -:t ij^e; sandal oil. -rf 
^!^ a stone for grinding san- 
dal on. — - t?jE"dS a piece 
or log of sandal wood. —^ 
£2°i^ a cake of sandal powder. 
— r; £f,?l3, a sectarian mark of 

rioqj gandha 


riti gaja 

sandal on the foreliead. ~^^^ 
the distillary of sandal oil. 
_::S -^xi sandal tree, sandal- 
wood. — ^jrfse? a sandal paste 
prepared with other ingre- 
dients. — e3?3i smearing sandal 
on the person. ~7iTi^ spices. 
_^3io^ to smear sandal on 
the person. 

rloqi^gandhaka,^. Sulphur, brim- 

rioqJhS gandhagiri, s. A kind of 
timber tree. 

lioqi^jjro) g^andhamunci, s. Cu- 
bebs, Piper cubeba. 

rloqisjr gandharva, s. A horse. 
2. a musician of the demi- 
gods, having a human face 
and a horse's body, —^y a 
handsome woman. 

floC^nTSsS gandhasale, s. A su- 
perior kind of table-rice. 

riorj ganna, s. A sugar-cane. 

f\o^'^%p gannakatteri, s. A burg- 
lar's instrument; also ^?i^ 
a£^8. 2. a deceiver. 

rioc^o gannya, see Xcr®^. 

rlosj gampa, s. Mire, mud. <i;^'. 
Muddy, sticky. —^ocS a fertile 
paddy-field. — ^'^^ a large 
tract of fertile land. 

r1o"vp^d gambhira, ndj. Honora- 
ble, revered, venerable. 2. 
. deep, profound. — «^ honora- 
bleness; profoundness. — db 
oSo an honourable man. 

rta^j* gammiji, s. A good or bad 

riodos^ gammati^, s. Merriment. 

2. happiness. -•^Ii's'Jn^S) to be 

r1^^ gakkane, adv. Quickly. 
r!r! oqj gaggandha, «^". Very dark. 
T\j\t), ririd gaggara, gaggare, s, 

A petticoat. 2. a bell-orna/- 

ment. 3. a kind of liquor. 
i\j\<if gaggallu, s. A rock. 
TirioD, ririjoj gaggura, gagguru, 

s. A kind of curry, 
rlrlooodjo^ gagguriyuni (t^ajS), 

V. n. To bark. 7'. a. To 

rlF^DDd)^ gaggeravuni (^^^),. 

?'. (7. To frighten, alarm. 

2. to censure, scold. 
l\f{^ gaggela, s. Fulmination, 

denouncement; cf. Arf^c. 
T\f^ ^0^^ gaggelyuni (a^^), v. n. 

To roar, cry. v. a. To frighten. 
r!2^, i\zi:> gaccijgaccu, s. Mortar, 

plastei'. 2. a lump, -^o^o,?) 

to stick fast. 
T\ii, gaJa, ^. An elephant, adj. 

Elephantine. — -rfjoaS Ganesa, 

with the head of an elephant. 

T\tt, rizS gaJa, gaje, s. A yard 
measure. 2. a ramrod. — ^^o 
^ a flag-staff. — ^^^ a stan- 
dard in purchasing elephants. 
— ^j2?aio a yard measure. 

rttdob^ gajanti;, see ^sJoO. 

t\ui\i^ gajagaja s. Jostling, jolt- 
ing. 2. trembling, 
risd^ gajani, s. Poor ^r infertile 

7\ti gaja 


ric5* ffadu 

ground. — a^K, — e^jsoo an 
infertile land. 
rli;i^^ gajapuni, see a:S£;j^?). 

rizsJo* gajalu, (a^'-^- Confused, dis- 
tracted. 2. filthy, foul. 3. 
rough, not fine. —553 a foul 
or rough sort of rice. —2^K 
a filthy place. 

nt;i 'ijo^ gajaluni, see Asfaoa. 

nzi^o ?i ga'alpuni, see Xtfeio^^. 

rl23D2:^ gajalu, adj. Boasting. 

ni^fi gajige, .V. The Molucca 
bean, Giiilandina honduc. 

ri2£^^ gajipuni (7^25), t-. ^. To 
fasten, strengthen. 

T\'&tJu. gajibiji, s. Complication, 
entanglement, confusion. —20 
^4 bad hand-writing, scrib- 
bling. — T^jBAT a miry road. 

ri^ gaje, .y^:^ a^. 

r(e§=CTosj gajeiampa, s. 
for flogging. 

r!^5) gajeni, see Xai^. 

r!^^5?j gajepuni, ^^^ a^sj-: 

rl^o^J; gajeluni (X^fS), 7'. 71. 
A sore to form or suppurate. 

riz^^:*,^ gajelpuni(Ad&), z\a. To 
cause a sore to form or sup- 

i\-}. gajji, 5. Itch, scab. —3::^ 

A stick 


?i|, gajje, see :Rg. 
rieJ gata, see ^y. 

rleJriy gatagata, i-. A gurgling 
noise, as produced when 

rlejrl gatani, see v^^^^. 

r(jd gatta, see ^y^. 

rieJ.c^, rlei^rln, riij^clgattanijgat- 
tanige, gattane, s. The founda- 
tion of a Iniilding. 

riU^ gattale, see ^a^^. 

rili gatti, adj. Firm, secure, 
2. solid, hard. 3. clever, able, 
strong, —yo^ a narrow, thick 
chisel. _^£);i substantial 
work. — arooso a loud speaker, 
a talkative person. — ^^^ 
to coagulate, curdle, freeze. 
—t,^ ?i to hold fast. — ■rfo 
«^'" to make strong, fix firm- 
ly; to bake a kind of cake; 

C/. T^B,. 

r\UAl^, gattigatti, s. Clot after 
clot, clod after clod. adj. 
Very cloddy, very hard. 

rili f\ gattige, s. A clever man. 

A^ Ae^ 


cleverness, abiKty, 

r(l3,cd:>Jci, rieio.-^^ gattiyuni, gat- 
tyuni (A^;Ccij''),7i./z.Towipeofl. 

r(^, gatte, .?. A kind of cake. 
2. a clod, lump. 

tl3^, see ASs^-'i. a2S rgS fZDocLiK I ]i^ ffatle, see ^y,e3 
ejf f^s! he who suffers from 
itch has no shame. 

li'd C5 gajjira, s- The marsh date 
tree. — r;:Sr its fruits. 

riz^rf gadusu, adj'. Powerful, 
strong, able. 2. clever. 3. 
brave, firm, gallant. 4. se- 
vere, strict. -^^ severity, 

lido ffadan 


Tic^o gadu 

strictness, strength; ability. 
—crooSo, a5?5 an able or wealthy 

rlwor/ gadan^v, s. A goclown, 
store-room. 2. a toddy-shop. 

ri:ao£^23 g-adambale, s. A poison- 
ous snake. 

r\d=d, ridii gadaka, gadaga, see 

lid^-. gadakka, adv. Suddenly. 


r\dr\d gadagada, s. A chattering 
noise. — NcliAJS> to shiver, 
tremble with cold. 

ricazoa gadabadi, see aSs!);^. 

rldoSo, riCat)OSogadayi,gadayi,^. A 
long pole with spherical bells, 
shaken in temples ; c/. 7\7\ -6. 
2. a hillock, hill. -^^ the 
name of a rocky hill. 

T^dT^ gadasiji, s. A heifer, young 

?iw32J3t3 gadabaji, s. A rocket. 

2. an independent person. 

3. heedlessness, recklessness, 

ria gadi, s. An incision, cut. 

2. the half of a cocoanut. 

3. a limit, boundary, frontier. 

4. authority, power. 5. ap- 
pointment of a headman or 
chieftain. ^rio-R^zt- a piece 
of mango-pickles. — ^^ a 
boundary stone, land-mark. 
— ?ia, — ^oa nomination and 
appointment of a headman 
with certain privileges in a 
demon shrine, —zui^ banish- 
ment, transportation. — si)5 

■^^^^, — croo&3?iJr^ to banish. 
— ^jsbrc'i to appoint a head- 
man. — cBcUofjto transgress, 
violate the bounds, —-^rid?^ 
to make an incision, mark 
out a tree to be cut down. 
2is5- a slip. 'd^7\FL^ the 
boundary of a land. 

T\^f\ gadige, s. A small earthen 
ware, a pot. 

?ia^^ gadipuni (a^"), v. n. To 
agree, harmonize, be in uni- 
son. 2. to suit, be con- 
venient. 5^^ ^S "^.^ A^sioS 
a house black with smoke 
will not suit, (said of a rest- 
less or fickle-minded man). 
^jsgS'o^A • aS^b! they do not 
agree together. 

rI(S.:i<^ gadibidi, s. Bustle con- 
fusion, disorder, tumult, dis- 
turbance. —-^^0^^ to bustle; 
to disturb ; cf. as383s5. 

ria^j gadima, s. A large piece 
of any thing. 

ri^o5:5"5)^ gadiyal^, s. A watch, 
clock. — crooSo a watch- 


Ti^Oiioo^ gadiyuni, see XS^a 

ridj gadu, i-. A term, fixed 
time or place. — aiIj periodi- 
cally, now and then. — a?Ls), 
— sjdt^o^ to fix a time. 

rlCsoSoDis^ gaduvady, s. Halt, stay. 
— &i)h a halting place. 

ricijX^^ gadustana, s. Bravery, 
manliness. 2. power, strength, 
greatness; cf. 7\orio^7S. 

rid g-adda 



rio gati 

rid gadda, ^. The chin 

2. the 
heard. -^i^5 ;ie3j|jf^^ to 
entreat a person by taking 
hold of his beard in token of 

ric^cQj ffaddayi, ^. Compulsion, 
force. «.^'. Compulsory; also 
AZi^ O30. — 3j ^(y?j compulsory 
work. — ^^^^ to compel, 

rl£i gaddi, ^^^ "^• 

rici gadde, -5". A bulbous root, 
"i.a lump, clod. -^'y^^.N to 
coagulate, curdle. 

fiCS^aN gadsutana, see acS^J. 

rira gana, s. A flock, host, multi- 
tude. 2. a retinue, train of 
attendants. 3. a class of 
spirits. 4, a foot of three 
syllables. 5.a number, «riV^. 
6. series of asterisms class- 
ed under three heads, ^^— 
human, '^%y^ infernal, and 
tf?^— divine. —^^ Ganesa the 
leader of Siva's retinue, ac 
tz— evil spirits. <:i;?^— angels. 

Tirsc^:* gannanu, s. A tinkling 

rirs^'o^^i ganalialepiiii (ap©^«3), 
v.n. To be pensive, thought- 
ful and sad. ganagati, s. Leg orna- 

T\7f5^ ganane, s. Regard, esteem. 
2. calculation. 

7\t^7^ ganasv, s. The link of a 
chain. 2. a hook. 

rlcoss:' ganal^, see Xrf^. 

ridi:^ ganita, s. Arithmetic, cal- 
culation, adj. Counted, num- 
bered. —^^^ arithmetic. 

rirS^^ ganipuni, see /^rf^S), Aorf 

rirsG^ ganilu, s. Tinkling, -t? 
t^ to tinkle. 

ricI gane, s. A pole, staff. 2. 
an arrow. &soe5:5— a tum- 
bler's pole; cf "Sf.. 

T\^^t, rlcl^^ ganesa, ganese, s. 
The chief of demi-gods and 
remover of obstacles. He is 
invoked at the commence- 
ment of auspicious cere- 
monies; also Af^JiS. 

i\^^ ganya, see Acre^. 

r(3^ gati^i, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, trouble. t^-S t3o5 xi 
e?:iSo he is done up by work- 
ing continuously. 

rls gata, adj. Past, gone, ante- 
cedent, —^h^j to expire. 
a2?^^ suicide, extinction of 
life, ■siiwjs?— intention, wish, 

T\h gati, i'. Destiny, fate, fortune, 
condition. 2. protection, sup- 
port. 3. means, resources, 
income. 4. motion, course. 
— ;^?s) means and family. 
— 7^?^csoSf37)cSj a poor, help- 
less man. S5v^?— a down- 
ward course; perdition, en/) 
qi^r— an upward <?r heaven- 
ward course; salvation, ^e^- 
the progress of time. '^^— 
the motion of planets, their 



risjo gama 

infiiience on the human desti- 
ny, cdoS— a had condition; 
future misery. ^i'^— fate, 
destiny. —Tid^^^ to help, 
show means ; to make funeral 
ceremonies, -oc^ a&— who 
will protect or save me? <oc^ 
ra^— what support have I? 
what is to become of me ? 
ojo^ aB rs,3§ I have no means 
or support. 

ri^d gatu, see aS. 

rtcj gada, see a:?- 

ridrid gadagada, .?. A crackl- 
ing noise. — ss^Jors* to burn 
or blaze with a crackling 

TicJc* gadaru, s. A lump. 2. an 

object of love. 
ria^^ gadipuni, see 7^a^^. 

r(dj=CTO^, rido, ^jgadukuni, gadkuni 
(a5), ^'. 7^. To lap, jolt. 

rid gade ^. A weapon; a club, 

?iC)^gddala, s. Confusion, dis- 
turbance, noise. — tlj^o,^^ to 
make noise, to reprove, re- 
buke; to exhibit magnificence, 

?irf^, rlc3"3SJ) gaddavu gaddavu, 
s. An earthen plate. 

rtcj"?;^^ gaddavuni, c.v. (o/7\^^ 
^) To shake, move, rock. 

r\QiA gaddige, s. A throne, seat 
of honour, 

r\z^d^ gadduni (^^), t'.n. To 
shake, quiver, be agitated. 

(Id^jigaddela, see Ade;. 

ric5 r gaddya, i'. Prose, -^^g 
prose and verse. 

ris^ gadhe, see Xd 

ri?j gana, see 4^^- 

riFjDrili ganagatti, 5". A tinkling 
article. 2. anklets and toe- 
ornaments, adj. Powerful. 

?i?l=5^|gQ gannakatteri, see Acji 

ri^* gap^, -y- Concealing; sup- 
pression. 2. misappropria- 
tion. — Eal3, — sJ?33) silence, 
quietness. —■^^'^^^ to hide; 
to misappropriate. 

risis-)3^ gapalatu, ^. A lie, false- 
hood. 2. shuffling, as cards. 
3. misplacing. 

Tit, rih,, ?is2. gape, gappi, gappe, 
s. A lie, falsehood, 2. a hoax, 
humbug. — sooa^o), — 55^5^0^ to 
tell a lie; to hoax. ~Tid^^^ 
to hide, conceal, suppress. 

rls:^ gappa, «^'. Silent, quiet; 



ri^rleo gabagaba, ^. Gulping, 
swallowing. —^^^ to gulp, 
swallow up. 

liZj. gabba, see A£?r. 

rts^ori^ogamagama,^. Fragrance, 

odour; cf. acSo. 
A^.:)^^ gamati^, see Xc^i. 
rl^jN gamana, ^. Going, moving, 

motion, course. 
ridj?-/ gamasu, s. Fragrance, 

odour. 2. stink, stench. 

ri^o gama 


r1dJ2 garo 

?ido?vO^ gamasuni (a^c3), 7-. «. 
To smell, scent; stink. 

rid:i)oao7^o^ gamayisuni (X^raoso 
oJ), r. :^. To be fragrant, 
odoriferous. 2. to strike, flag. 

rl;?ooJ:o^, r!^o^;o^, ri^o^^ ga- 
meyuni, gameluni, gamevuni (a 
^, A^6, A^j, 7'. /z. To be 
hot, feel hot, as in a iit of 

rtodj gaya, see ^odo. 

riodj gaya, ^. A place of pilgrim- 
age. — SS555 the people of 
Gaya —%^V '^^ sacred 
place at Gaya. 

rioiji!V^ gayali^, adj. Prodigal, 
extravagant. — s?i prodiga- 
lity. AcdjD^ an extravagant 
woman. aco::3«^ an extrava- 
gant man. 

rio^^ gayili?, sec :^j,f. 

rio^, rid, iidrid garij, gara, gara- 
gara, s. A whirling noise, 
turning with rapidity. — B5o 
AO^ to turn round with rapid- 
ity, as a top. 

riij^fj garakena, adj. Clean, 

i\ti\^ garagari, see a5. 

ridAD-.^ garagasij, see A7-t>rc3. 

rids garadi, j'^^ "S-d"^, 7<-3ji^. 

rtdd garade, ^^^ a-^ji^. 

ridra garana, i"^^ Aj^r®. 

iiZ^^:f garamu, adj. Hot, warm. 
s. Heat, warmth; ^. X.sor. 
—■^Td^£ spices for curry. 

r\^'^ garaste, see a^^^- 

?ioe)^oo garabu, see '^Z7)'5. 

rlD gari, s. A wing, feather. 

rlD^j garimi, see X^r. 

rlO^garime, ^. Severity, strict- 

riDcio.^ gariyuni (a&), r. ??. To 
break off, give way ; c/. A^r^. 

riO^zc^ garibu, adj. Poor. XbetS 
a poor man. 

rido garu, i". A rafter. 2. a 
mould; c/. ^"^o. «^'. Rough. 

7it^r{ garuga, see 7(7:^. 

r\6:>d, Ati^d garuda, garude, s. 
The son of Kasyapa, having 
a human form, with a bird's 
bill and wings, and described 
to be Vishnu's vehicle. 2. the 
Brahmany kite, eagle; also 
— tj-ct,. A'rfoT^sssoji a wooden 
form of Garuda, used to carry 
an idol in procession, at:^^ 
2a^^ 3, post or pillar in front 
of a temple, with the figure 
of Garuda on its top. /(-do 
z^Ti^ a seat of an idol with 
the figure of Garuda — sjssb^ 
a kind of bush, Ophiorrhiza 
mungos. sjDs^s?— a drag to 
catch things under water; an 
outer part of a palm-leaf. 

rldOc^y, garuputta, s. A crucible. 

Tid gare, s. The shaft of a 
country water-lift; of. ^^. 
—^ 4«>e^ a broken tile. 

rl6cdcray gareyata, s. A kind of 

rldjsa garodi, s. The shrine of 

rlrfj g-arra 


ii€) g-ali 

n C, - - 

the (lemons called s5^:3eJor. 
2. a veranda. 3. a fencing 
school, gymnasium. — risrjiN 
gymnastic exercise. 
■^ garrane, see 7(-dXxi. 

ri^r garka, adv. Suddenly. 

lifxr garga, s. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant, Edipta erect a. 

rirlros^ garg^anda, adj. Profound, 
2. thick. ~^%^ thick dark- 

r{?iro3j gargayi, adj. Half-ripe, 
half-grown, as an arecanut 

rlAffjF?^* gargas^, s. A saw. — rf 
'5'jse5 the teeth of a saw. 

ritiF^ garjane, s. Roaring. —-^^ 
^Ox^S) to roar, bellow. 

■Ai^'F garji, ^. Need, necessity, 
occasion. — rf ^^or a time of 

ri3r garti, s. A married woman. 
2. a chaste (?r continent 

rtc3e)Fe5* garnal^j, s. A mortar. 
2. a bomb, cannon. 

^5§^?> garpuni (a5), z/. a. To 

ris2ro^ garpel^, i-. Scooping, 

fiZoF garba, .s-^^ 'f\Z^r. 

tytj^'T'i^ garbija, ^. A melon, the 
fruit of Cucumis melo. 

tsZ^T garbha, s. The womb, ute- 
rus. 2. pregnancy. 3. embryo. 
— ^e3, ~7!is>'Si disorder in the 
womb; colic. — e?b^, — cado 

^o> to be conceived. 


to cause abortion. —t^^l^^ 
to miscarry, as^.'sfao ^sAOji, 
_3j^^ to be afraid ; to touch 
the vitals. 

ri2;JF?oJ«B garbhasuti, s. A web 
of cloth woven with red and 
black thread. — ■dj^ret^ a 
turban of this kind. — Se^ 
a female's garment of this 

rltpFc^ garbhini, s. A pregnant 

?isJ0FA;^(s3 garmasale, see under 

rt^oF, ridojF garmi, garmu, s. 
Heat, burning, warmth; zeal. 

ricdjjF^ garyuni, see ASocioo^. 

t\-^t garva, s. Pride, arrogance. 
-crooSo a proud or arrogant 
man. — Ti)^o^» to be proud, 
haughty. — ^yo^S) to subdue 
one's pride with effort. 

ri^F, ri^F^ garvi, garvishte, s. 
A proud man. 

rio^rijo* gal^guliji, s. A rumb- 
ling in the stomach. 

t\^i\ V galagala, s. A noise caused 
by bracelets. 

rl<y2J0 galabu, s. Tumult, con- 
fusion, noise. 

?ie;dj^ galamena, see as^^n- 

r(^?ij^ galasuni C^'^), ^'- a. To 

use, employ. 
f^^HK^ galas^, s. A tumbler. 2. 

a swinging glass lamp. 
Titti, f^€)^23^ galija, galij^, s. 

Dirt, filth, nuisance. — -^^o^ 

S) to soil, make filthy. 

t\€> gali 


rraossn ganja 

7i^:^€i galibili, s. Disorder, con- 
fusion, tumult ; anarchy ; c/. 
xasaa. -&t?i to be confused. 
— dotfj^'-i to disturb. 

r(£)^j galime, i". Acquirement. 

/i^o^j, rio^, rie;j, galuku, galk\^, 
galku, s. A noise produced as 
when sinking or diving. 

ri^jj^ galjuni (^f,), v. a. To 
confuse, disturb. 

r\Q^ galti, ^. Error, mistake. 2. 

r(oi^7j* galpasiji, see a^c3. 

rie|r^ galmena, s. Freshness, 
briskness, vigour. 

rio* galliji, see ac;^. 

rie) galla, s. The lower part of 
the cheek. — ajs;5 whiskers 
on the lower part of the 
cheek; also Ae5^e^- 

riD^, r\od galla, gallu, s. The 

CO 00 

gallows. Ae3^A0 sjstiori to 
hang, execute a person. 
r\€) galli, s. A street. 


ri^ gava, i'. Sense, sensation, 
consciousness. — ^^S) to be 
out of senses, be disturbed. 

r{^^ gavala, s. A handful, mouth- 
ful. 2. a buffalo's horn; 
also 3^^e?, S'aos?. 

r!sj?or^?^ gavasanige, s. The case 

^r cover of a fiddle, ^/^. 
rtO gavi, s. A cave, hole, cell. 
?is^<a gavudi, j£?^ Tfsa. 
r\^d gavude, see Tf^rf. 
ri^ssio gavutama, see t^^^o. 

r!;^53 gaule, see Tf^eS. 

rlsjp gavya, j". The product of a 
cow. adj. Of or belonging to 
a cow; ef. sioEiAdo. 

r(4 gavve, adj. Very tender. 

r1;^oej* gasant^, see ^TioE. 

liT^iii^ gasagasa, s. Coarseness, 
roughness. ^^'. Coarse, rough. 
adv. Coarsely, roughly. -® 
^^s> to grind coarsely. 

r!?oD* gasary, see ^?i5. 

riro gasi, i'. The sediment of oil, 
pickles, eU. 

r1;^oJjj^ gaseyuni (^^), '«^. ^• 

To rub. 
rt?5^^ gaseni, s. Difficulty, adj. 

Narrow, strait. 
r\r^ gasti, s. A patrole. -trooSo 

a patrole, watchman. — B5o 

Ao^i to patrole. 
ri^ris^ galagala, s. A noise, as in 

drinking fast or by shaking 

a cocoanut. 
risi^^o^ galamena, ^^^ -^^i^- 
r{^?oJ5) galasuni, j^^ ac;^?). 

r\^f\ galige, s. A fold, crease, 
wrinkle. 2.see ^o'^-R. — 3i^^ 
to arrange folds. — ^s?j^^ to 
fold, double. 

ri^j, r(s? galu, gale, see 7<-6o. 

ri'A^galpasij, s. A halter round 
the neck, a noose. 2. death by 
hanging. 3. a lie, falsehood. 

ri'^o, galpu, see 7\%S. 

/TDotSD ganja, s. The hemp plant, 
Cannabis saliva^ whose leaves 
and fructification are smoked, 

HDoej ganti 


T\DZi gdba 

or ground in water and 
drunk for inebriating pur- 

rs«)oe3 ganti, s. A kind of sweet- 

rreoCa^, n-^odo gandiji, g-andu, ^. 
A coward. 2. a man without 

nnoZ^Tf^^ gandagouji, s. Much 

fuss, much ado. 
AtJoSod^o^ gandiyuni, see ?>)r5o^». 

7T5)o3% ?Tso^d, ns)osjgant^,gan- 
tara, gantra, s. Depth, ad/. 

n^cCje)c3o gandaye, see 7^r®reioSo. 

rraoC3^a, Ae)oa^gandari, gandini, 
s. A roving woman. 

rraoO,ganvti,«^". Local, country. 

rrar^ gagra, s. A child's petti- 

ne)2o, /iDtiij gaji, gaju, ^. Glass 
ware. 2. China ware. 3. see 

A's^^, AD 13 gat^, gati, a^'. Hot, 

rracs^, rraz:^ gadu, gada, s. Tor- 
ment, vexation. 

r\i>Q, gadi, .y. A bandy, cart, 
coach. —7^-8, —crooSo a coach- 
man. -^«o^S) to harness horses 
or bullocks to a coach, cart 
or bandy. —6?xio^ to drive 
a cart. 

rra^cdoo^, ns)C^Oo^ gadiyuni, ga- 
dyuni, see ^^rion^. 

n«)aoioj^ gadiyuli, .y. A small 

AD^i gadha, adj. Strong, firm. 
2. excessive, much, great. 
— ^^ sound sleep. 

rrara gana, j". An oil-mill. 2. a 
sugar-mill. — rf .oo?? oil ex- 
pressed in a mill, — rf s'r?, _rf 
AE? the perpendicular roller 
of a mill, -rf ^c§ the ex- 
cavated trunk of a * tree, 
used as the body of a mill. 
— crooSo an oilman. — ssil:^ to 
work a mill. 

Ae)?!?^ ganige, s. An oil-miller. 

Ae)r3J^ ganuni (ados), c'. z^. To 
smoke, burn to cinders, glow ; 

nD^, A-sa^, Ae)«B gata, gataka, 

gati, see ^^^. 
A4):^=ff, A-^so?^ gatake, gatuge, ^. 

A treacherous man. 
As^, gatra, s. The body. 2. a 

member (?;' limb. ^^'. Stout, 

A«)£)^, A-saC) gadini, gadivi, see 


Ae)d, ADJ^ gade, gadhe, s. A pro- 
verb, adage. 

A^f^ gana, i". Psalmody, music. 
—,3:^0 the science of psalmody. 

AD^ gapu, see 7v)20o. 

A"3Z0(a gabadi, s. A leak, hole in 
a vessel. — sj^t^o?:) to repair a 
leak. — o^OiS) a vessel to leak. 

ADEoO, A-3t:)a gabari, gabiri, J-. 
Perplexity, confusion, alarm, 
perturbation. —Zfh?^ to be 
perplexed, alarmed, confused. 
— -rfjs^io^^ to alarm, perplex. 


nDi^ gabi 


n-3^ gali 

rra<:^ gabi, s. Darkness. 

TT^zi^t, n^woiS gabidi, gabudi, 
see 7:3 20 S. 

r\e)EOj, ?T5)t2 gabu, gabe, 5. Agita- 
tion, commotion, disturbance, 
ferment. 2. rumour. 7^«5e 
7^200 rumour upon rumour. 

ne)A gabri, .y^^ t^zos. 

/Ts)^oS) gamini, i". Confluence, 

ris)CJj gaya, .y^^ ^^^- |-^-^j^_ 
AsJCJj^gayakBj^'.Asinger, musi- 

7l■^ojo^^ gayatri, s. The most 
sacred incantation of the 
Bralimans, namely §jc s^jss^or 

rfcdjsg. ["sic; ^. a3^. 

ni)Coo:^ gayana, s. Singing, mu- 

7T3D* gar^, adj. Dry. 2. hot. 
-^©•rf a dry field. -^?:?i to 
be dried, heated. 

ADdfl, A^rf^ garane, garane, s. 
Whitewashing or painting 
walls, eic. — ^jsbr^, —zjsri:)?^, 
—■^'^■y^^ to whitewash or paint 

tbem. ^or fritter. 

ne)Q?^ garige, s. A kind of cake 

?Te)D^^ garipuni, see assS^S). 

rra6 gare, s. Lime plaster, a 
composition of lime, earth, eU. 

As) 6 gare, An affix of nouns 
denoting profession, employ- 
. ment, etc,\ as^ ^onij^_ a horse- 
keeper. t^tV- a backbiter. 
20^— a seller of bracelets. 
?i3'^-i,- a liar. 

A'3r\ros:j^^s3, A»)iir^s3 gar- 
gandakattale, gargattale, see 

AaJi^ir^, TTSi^F garsani^, garsi, 
s. A store, provision. 

A"32;*do?e;^ galumel^, adv. Head- 
long, topsyturvy. 

7Ti>^ gala, see ad^. 

At)© gali, s. A wheel. 2. see ab^. 
— §5oA0^ the wheel to turn 
round. Tx>t^:t— a cart wheel. 

Ai)S^^ galipuni (a3s5), v. a. To 
strain, filter. 

rrsSiOuoo^, tts^j^J) galiyuni, ga- 
lyuni (^«^), "'. ^2. To be 
strained, filtered. 

A3£»:^o^ galisuni (t^^Sco), v. a. 
To separate grain from re- 
fuse by washing. 2. to strain, 

ADds?gavale,J-. Jugglery. — c^aoSo 
a juggler. — ^-^ conjuration. 

r\D^ gavu, ^. Heat. 2. fomenta- 
tion. 3. glare; cf. s^^. 

/T3^;:j gavuda, i". A stage or 
distance of twelve miles. 

iTiik gasi, s. Fatigue, exhaustion, 
toil, pain, trouble. 2. the state 
of being emptied. 3. end, 
termination, death, —^h?^ to 
be distressed, wearied ; to be 
confused, dissatisfied. 

T\i>^ gala- ^. An angle, fish- 

A^^ gall, s. Wind, air. 2. 
breath. — ao13 a falsehood. 
— 3iy a paper kite, —■^^f-^ts^, 
— ?ioB an unfounded rumour. 

rra§ gali 


r\d ffidde 

a false report, —zj^rio?^ to 

fan. — eSeKoS) wind to blow. 
ri-s^o^jo^, ns^oo^ galiyuni, ga- 

lyuni, see T^^Sodoo^. 
no^, r\odg, hocl^ gindi, gindya, 

gindye, ^. A goblet, small 

metal vessel. 
horsG^ ffinnalij, s. A goglet, cup 

of bell-metal. 
Ao^ gimpu, see f^ri^- 
ho^o, hosiJoj gimma, gimmu, see 

r^tiD^, ht^D^ ^ijaru, gijjari;i, ^^^ 



nta^lJ^ gijikitti, :y^^ ^sS^^&l^. 

AeShtS gijigiji, «^'. Soft, pul- 
pous. s. A cliirping noise. 2. 
I a rattle, toy. ~£l the shrub 

Crotoloria verrucosa. 

nt3"c^t3 gijibiji, ^^^ XaSeSeS. 

r>23s:^ gijil^, s. Confusion; also 
7x35©3W. adj\ Confused, —'i^^ 
^00?:^) to become confused. 

T\u gijja, «^'. Thick, full. s. A 
heap, mass, crowd, 

^^i' '^^' '^^ ^^-'^' °^^-^' ^^-^' 
j'. Scoria, dross of smelted 

iron. — 3j7)t1)S> to repair an 

earthen vessel with its paste ; 

6/"- ^^^- 
hei gitta, adj. Proximate, near. 

n^ gitte, see t^^^. 

hts^oA^, hcs^^a^ gidungu, gidijkij, 
see t\U^. 

T\z^f>, T\df\ gidyge, gidage, see 
r\(2^^ gidupu, see ?\c5o^. 

ncs*^^ gidijipuni, see -hti^?^. 
r\d gida, i". A shrub. — •dajs«3:^ 
a medicinal drug. 

T\d^ gidaka, see "h^^. 

hoi gidi, -5- The falcon crhawk; 
an eagle. — e?u a kind of 
game. — t2?-doa to play at 
such a game. ^Q— a black 
eagle or hawk. -Rczi— a red 

na-S-, r>a€ gidiki, gidike, .f^;^ ?n4. 

ho^^^ gidipuni (^5), p. a. To 
make fast. 

hiSttjol gidibidi, s. A small drum 
played by turning it up and 
down in the hand. 

ri^oiSDS^^ gidiyavuni, c.z'. (of 

Txacrfoor^) To cause to run, to 

drive, race. 
n^Ojjo^ gidiyuni i^-^), I'.n. To 

run. "/Sii^r^oaDLiF^ to attack, 


hcl gide, s. A partner in a game. 

2. j-^^ ^^. -ji^s to choose 

a partner. 
XV^. gidk^, s. A stopper, cork. 

2. a mouthful, draught. — ^?5 

a mouthful of water, 
hcl, gidke, ^. A blind or screen, 

made of palm leaves. 2. a rib. 
Tsd gidda, adj. Small, short. 

~^t> smailness. 
ha , Acs J giddi, giddu, s. A short 

hcl, n^e3, ndo, nrl.<j3 gidde, 

giddele, gidye, gidyele, s. A 

dwarf, short man, 


r\d gidda 

a ' 


h^ gili 

Az^ gidda, s. A kind of tonsure, 
h;^ uj gidderu, J-. A race-buffalo, 
hcso, gidpu, .y. Thickness, adj. 

Thick, stout. 
f\do gidye, s. A kind of cock. 

adj. Short; cf. ^A,- 
ASe^dcSodo gidyedayeru, see "?^ 

nr^ gini, ^^^ ?>^- 

ArsAri), hde;^ ginigini, ginili;, s. 

The tinkling sound of a small 


r\^'^^, n^^do^, r\d>:)^o^, r\d^^ 

gidupuni, giduruni, giduruni, 
gidruni, see ^^r^. 
h£i^^ gidipuni, see 7?a^^. 2. .s^^ 

r\z^ gidpu, ^. Loosening. 

^Cd), hD^dj giravu, giravu, ^. 
Epilepsy ; also ?\'d4-5jseA. _^ 
^o^c^i to suffer from it. sio^— 
a kind of epilepsy. 

Ad"3^, n^-c- giraki, graki, .y. 
A customer, purchaser. 

riD"3ri>B giragati, s. Family af- 
fairs. 2. influence of evil stars 
upon one's fortune, fate. 

h3 giri, s. A mountain. 

r»&=^JS'^23^ girikolu, see ?\'o. 

hOh girigi, i". A female's under- 
dress of striped cloth. 

riOnlj, girigitti, .y. A child's toy, 
with wheels whirling round 
by means of a string between 
them. 2. a kind of gambling 
by turning round a ball, dot- 
ted with figures, in a plate. 

hSAD girigiri, s. Creaking, adv. 

Quickly, speedily. — SScao?) 

to turn round with great 

i\^uf^{h^ girid^popini, see "h 

^F"^). 2. see f^t)ciio:>^. 

riOoJoo;5, giriyantra, s. Ruin. 

AOoJoDeigiriyata, s. Wandering; 

r^Qodoj^ giriyuni ('^&), ^'. n. To 

wander, roam. 2. to suffer 

from giddiness. ^"5— to be 

AOoSjs3 giriyele, s. A wanderer, 

n^^r girku, see 7^6a. 
r.^^^re;^ girkalij, s. The smallest 

fraction of a coin. [peg. 

h^X^rs:^ girkolu, s. A wooden 

n^r^ girpuni (?^5), ^. «. To 
loosen, untie, break, pull 
down. '^.^— to pull down a 
house. V. n. To be loose, be 
pulled down, to break. 

AZCOFC5-30 girbudari, s. Fate, 

he3*o"cS gil^mbi, see ^e3^- 

h®-§-^ gilikitti, see ^35-§-b^. 

ne:*",, na gilku, gilki, s. Fear; 

A§ gili, ^. A parrot; cf. ■^^5. 
— ^o^o_ a kind of mango. — ^ 
sro^, _s33^e3 kinds of ear- 

Mr\^ giligili, >y- A jingling 

i\^f{'^ giligejje, s. A necklace. 

r\'^ gili 


rioos^o ffumma 

r\^djJ3^j gilimuku, s. A hooked 
nose. 2. an ornamental carv- 
ing on door posts. 

h^s^J^ gicuni (^e^), ^'. «. To 
draw lines, to rule. 2. to 
scratch over with a pen, 
scrawl, erase; c/. -^esio^. 

t\^'^ glt^, -y- A line, stroke, 
mark. —zjsri,:>?i to draw a line. 
f\^3^ git^, see ^el. 
h^t gita, y. A song, hymn. 

A^D*, A^uo girij, giru, s. A 
scratch, superficial wound or 
mark, slight incision. 

AeOj^i giruni (^e^), jv. «. To 
scratch, wound slightly by 
the nails, etc. 

T\^0^ gll^, see ■S-e^'. 

n??Co^ gisuni C^^ec^), v. a. To 
pare, strip off, shave, scrape. 
^^— to shave the head. t^^7i:> 
cTOcSj a barber. 

A^r^o^ gisuli, .y^^ -S-e^Jo^. 

rljorl gunge, .y. Mould, downy 
substance — xi^^) to mould, 
get mouldy. 

rlooto gunji, j-^^ ajso^. 

riooei, riooli, nooeo gunta, gunti, 

gunte, see ajscw. 
riooaJ=ff guntake, s. A bastard. 

rioow gunda, s. The idol's apart- 
ment in a pagoda. 2. a 
closet, small room. 3. a kind 
of cake c/- pudding boiled over 

riood^ gundala, s. An ear-orna- 

rijow^oadgundantara,^. Sapping 
the foundation, undermining. 


riaoi^ gundi, s. An abyss, gulf, 
great depth. — ^'oficraoSo one 
with deep or large eyes. 

rlooS.?^ gundige, s. The breast, 
heart. 2. bravery, courage. 

rloocij gundu, s. A ball, bullet, 
anything round, adj. Round, 
globular. — ^^ a grinding 
stone, roller. — s^jsaS a pin. 
~-do-Si:> round. — ^'^ a necklace 
of large gold beads. — ^s^;^ 
guess, surmise. — s^stliS), —sos 
^'oci to fire with a bullet, 

rijodo^ gunduli, ^. A round 

rljocl gunde, s. Courage, adj. 
Round. — TJ30SO the heart. 

rioo^ gumpu, «^'. Secret, con- 

rloo^ gumpu, s. A flock, as- 
semblage, crowd, multitude, 
heap. — ^J3Z33^S) to collect. 
— ^j3c5oSi to assemble. — aoo 
333^ in crowds, flocks. 

rioo^j^ gummu, see aoc-^jj. 

rioos:!o gumma, s. Stench, stink- 
ing. 2. a quick, sharp noise. 
—^hti to make a sudden, 
sharp noise; to stink. 

rloo^jo gumma, adj. Unequal, 
irregular, —'^ii?? an irregular 

rijodolS, rioodo^ gummate gum- 
made, s. A statue of Buddha. 
2. a kind of drum. 

rljo^joo ffummu 


Tij:^ ffuda 

rijo^oj g-ummu, s. A noise pro- 
duced, as in firing a gun. 

2. cooing, as a wild dove. 

3. a cuff, blow. 

Tioodoj^ gummuni (aocSo), z>.n. 
To blow, cuff. 

rio oSjO gumme, s. An owl. 2. a 
bugbear, — sj?^ a kind of 
fish. — AjsrJo^ to hoot. 7^5 
s$— the nave of a wheel. 

rijo^oodoo^ gummeyuni (aoo-^j), 
z'.n. To rise. 

TiooAjj gumsu, se£ AOTijo?ii. 

rioosSr, riooSjr gurmpe, gurmbe, 
i-. A pond, pool, puddle. 

rloo^ooF gurmbu, see ^jstjosoo. 

rij-^ gukki, ^-^6' rfo-o-^. 

rior^ ca^ guggilu, ^. Damp soil. 

rijrlj D gugguri, j. Soaked grain. 

T{:>r{d ^d gugguru, s. A small in- 
sect infesting grain or corn. 

rior!o¥^ guggula, i-. Bdellium, 
a fragrant gum of the tree 
Bo swell ia glabra. 

rlos^ guci, s. Buttress, stay. 

?io2^ gucci, see ^ozp , 

rijt:iDDr^, rlj^iDt)^^, rioss^D^, rio 
23j)d gujarani, gujaran^, gu- 
jar^, gujara, s. The mode of 
passing time. 2. livelihood, 
living, life. — ^^o^r^ to live 
according to one's means. 

rio23, rtj^^io guji, guju, adj. Short 
and stout. 2. whispering, 
speaking in an under tone. 
—^ozQ, —AOoEJ a stout dwarf. 
—z^^Ti talking in whispers. 

?io^ijr!ot;ij gujuguju, s. A boiling 

or bubbling noise. — ^jsa^s 

to bubble up. 
rlo^ guje, see ao^. 
riosd ^ri gujjanige, i-. A metallic 

oil-pot with a tapering mouth. 
rioticS gujjane, s. Quarreling. 
r(o<^S gujjari adj. Fruitful. 
7i:>ti6 gujjare, s. A native of 

rioZo gujji, sec AO^r. 

r1oc3, rio^ij g"ujjij g'ujju, i". A 
pole ^r post fixed in water. 
2. conversing in whisper, —zjs 
t^o^ to fix a pole in water. 

rIoEoC' guj'jirij, (7:<://'. Curled. — s'o 
ara^, -^^ curled hair. 

r\j'S, gujje, ^. A tender or half- 
ripe jack-fruit. 2, a kind of 
buffalo. —'^%'^ a very tender 
jack fruit. a?.s^ the fruit 
of Artocarpus incisa, bread- 

rioejr^ gutige, s. A kind of drum. 

rljeJo^s*, rij£Jo=5^j gutuka, gutuku, 
s. A single gulp, a draught; 
cf. ?s5j. 

rioeJJj guttu, 5-. A secret, mystery. 
2. one's private affairs, a;^'. 
Secret. — croo3j a reserved 
man. — 3i^„^ to find out a 
secret, to trace. — ;:ioa4^ to 
consult secretly. 

r1j£o gutte, see ^oB^. 
rioi:^ guda, s. Coarse 
rijda gudadi, see ajS 


riJtSD ffuda 


rioK) guna 

rijiSD?^ g-udaki^i, s. A narcotic 
composition of tolaacco and 
other ingredients, used for 
smoking or snuff. 

jijwDc^ g-udana, s. A large vessel 
with small mouth; c/. ao'^f. 

rijcd^rf gudara, s. A tent. 

rij^ gudi, s. A small pagoda or 

r{j(^?i^6 gudigare, s. A turner 
and cabinet maker. 

rlj^rioS gudigudi, see AJc^oXoa. 

rid^'^o^, f\d£h7:!>Z)^ , rloa^s:*^ gu- 
dicil^, gudisal^i, gudisilij, s. 
A hut, shed. 

ri:)£6^ gudidi, see aoS. 

7hQ>^ gudisi, see aoc^. 

riodJoWo gudumbu, s. Gulping. 
2. the noise of anything fal- 
ling into a well ek. 

7loc^jrij(Si gudugudi, s. A hubble- 
bubble, hooka. 

TiJj^orljCaO gudugudu, s. A rum- 
bling noise, as of thunder. 

2. a noise made in smoking 
tobacco in a hubble-bubble. 

3. a noise made in shaking 
a cocoanut whose kernel has 
dried within. — siscEOo, see 3i5o 

r!odo?jo gudusu, see 7\ori^. 
fidd gude, see t?ozS. p^ g 

(iot«^, ?ijcl gudkiji, gudka, see 

rijC3-,rioj^o, gudkugudku, adv. 

Hastily, hurriedly. 
riod, gudke, s. A crooked man. 

2. a small earthen vessel. 

rijQ £3* gudcilu, ^<J^ Aoasl^. 
rio^J^jSr^i guddumallige, s. A 

short, thick kind of jassamine. 
T^^d gudde, i-. A hill, -o^iozdo a 

kind of mushroom. — .soes 4» 

to ascend a hill; to forget 

what is learnt. 

rlojlli, guddetti, s. A kind of 

a, u ■ • ■ ■ 

small prawn. 

r\dd6 guddele, s. A cultivator, 

r):izi,^:f guddamiji, s. A blow, 
cuff, box. 

r\:>:i a2)sJ-3^ guddalam^, s. An arti- 
fice, expedient, shift. 2. fraud, 
deception. 3. a kind of mint. 

rio^ guddi, s. The stopper of a 
small phial. 

rlor^od gudyale, see Aozl^e?. 

rl0(2, gudsi, s. The embodied form 
of letter '^ or ^, as in -S-, -o-e. 

rio^a^ gudsil^, see aoS,&I<5. 

riodj gudsu, s. A kind of broom. 
2. a fetid smell, stench. — sS 
05oL?) to stink. 

iijclj3 e;o gudsolu, .y. Hitting 
from a distance. — sj^r^os) to 
hit or strike from a distance. 

rlor^ guna, s. A quality, pro- 
perty, attribute. 2. temper, 
disposition. 3. excellence, 
merit. 4. moral or physical 
improvement, recovery from 
sickness, restoration to health. 
5. use, advantage. — ^--seMgood 
and evil. — ^od an excellent 
man. — ei-b^ to recover from 

riors guna 


7\o:i:> ffuddu 


sickness: to win, gain. — § ' 
^OjSi to derive benefit. — ■rfos;<o^ 
^ to cure a disease; to 
decide in one's favour. 

riors^ gunaka, s. The multiplier, 

7iors?i^6, rijc^a?^ gunagare, gu- 
nadige, s. A good or virtuous 
man. — ti a virtuous woman. 

/iocoD^iid gunakara, s. Multipli- 
cation. -tSos^o^?) to multiply. 

riori)^ gunita, see Xrf^. 

r(oc^iJSK)j^gunitonuni, v. refl. To 
be pondering, thinking. 2. to 
be calculating, reckoning. 

riores^c^ gunipuni C^^^^), "v. a. 
To multiply; to calculate. 

Tior^orioL'o^, rioc^J/iocso gunugu- 
ttu, gunugunu, s. Murmuring, 
muttering, grumbling. 

riorajr(j&io^^ guBUguttuni (Af^AO 
S), V. n. To mutter, murmur, 
crrumble : also 7\of®0Aor©o zss 
edo^. [murmurs. 

rijrs cl gunpanne, i'. One who 

rto£% gunya, s. The multiplicand. 

riosj, gutta, see ajL^, Xo^s^S). 

rio^C3i)6 guttadare, see Xoi^c^s-^. 

rlj^cio guttaya, s. A stipulated 
supply, as of liquor. 

■l\:,^ gutti, ^^'^ ^j£o- 

r(jv|j.r^ guttige, ^. An ale-house, 
liquor-shop. -csoSo the keep- 
er of an ale-house or liquor- 

rio|^^i;c5. guttinaye, s. A Bant. 
2. the holder of a manor or 

landed property with certain 
privileges attached to it. 

riv^o guttu, s. A manor-house 
with certain privileges at- 
tached to it. 2. a leap, 
jump. 3. a stride. — cx):5o, 
see AoS j:^:^, —Sol:?) to take 
strides. — e^Xo^S) to jump. 

r1o|j,Cj5i6 guttedare, s. The hold- 
er of a monopoly, a liquor 

rio^o ^ guttruni, see Xosg^S). 

iijdfl, /ijc^cS gudane, gudane, ^. 
Solanum piibescens^ a kind 
of thorny shrub used in medi- 
cine. — ?fso3j its fruit. 

rloari gudige, s. A club, cudgel. 
— iS a blow, hit with a 
cudgel. — 2^2di resorting to 
force, transgressing law. 

?ioa=§^ gudipuni, see ^oa^^. 

rloi^jrijdo gudugudu, ^t;^: XoSio 


ri-rf c?* guddanu, ^^. A long pole. 

s^o50j if lost it will be a stick, 
if gained it will be a mango 
(said of a doubtful enter- 

rijd © guddali, see Ao£.a e. 

rijd'v* guddalu, s. A worn out 


r(jSoi)£j, r(o£7|^e3 guddata, gud- 
dyata, s. Boxing cuffing, 

riodj guddu, s. A blow, box, 
cuff. — ^^ a stone used by 

rioco^ ffuddu 



rljO guri 

todcly-drawers, a pounding 

riodJ ;> gudduni (ao5), z'. «. To 
box, cuff, beat. 

riodJ? guddoli, s. A kind of 
pickaxe. — ^^cK a kind of 
sweet potatoes- -^cK a kind 
of fish. — ^soOri to burrow, 
dig ; to dig a pit as the first 
ceremony of the Moharam 
festival; to ramp, leap and 
frisk about in play. 

rIodJ? ©^^) guddolipuni (Aod;|^e3), 
V. a. To dig with a pick-axe. 

rior^jrio^j gunugunu, sec Aor^j 



gupita, gupta, f?^'. 
Hidden, concealed, secret. 

T\:i'^,'^ guppuni (ao), v. a. To 
pour, shed, spill; also aj3e;^o^, 

riosS guppe, ^. A heap. 

rij?S^ gubita, .s-^^ Aob^. 

l\^t^^, T\yuj^ gubbi, gubbe, .s. A 
stud, ornamental knob. 2. a 
button. Z.see A083r. 

(io;i.3*?jj gumusu, .y^^ Xo^doo?!). 

r\o;rfoeo gumate, ^^^ Aoo^ija 

rio^JSfi gumana, s. Doubt, sus- 
picion. 2. regard, notice. 
— -rfo^Ov?) to suspect; to take 
notice, attend. 

r!;osiJ3?i gumani, adj. Suspicious, 
doubtful. -&!n suspicious 

T\^z'j^'kJ\ gumastige, s. Clerk- 
ship, writership. 

rio^j^^ gumaste, s. A clerk, 
writer. 2. an assistant. 

rios^oorio^jj gumugumu, s. Noise 
of a multitude. — ajjs-do^ to 
box, cuff, beat. 

rio^jjeJo gumutu, s. Fighting, 

riodj05jo gumulu, 5. Fire burn- 
ing in embers. 

riodojs^o^ gumuluni, j-^?^ A^ocdoo^. 

riosiJoj^oo gumusu, s. A stroke, 
cuff, box. -^jsbr^, —srotliS) 
to strike, box. ^^^ Sjo^ ao 
i^oo?jo^/ ^jj^r :^j5iy mind, I will 
slap you, if you do not look 

r^odja?^^^ gumusuni (ao^oo^^), 
V. a. To box, strike. 

riosSo, gumme, see aoo-^o. 

rioD^osS gurympe, ^. A temporary 
reservoir in a dry field for 
the use of crop. 2. a puddle. 

riodrioljo,^ guraguttuni, see ao 

T\^ti-§^ gurane, s. The snarling of 

a dog. 
rIoD guri, s. A hole, pit. --^f^ 

to dig a hole, a pit or a grave. 
rioDguri, s. An aim, mark, butt. 

2. liability, responsibility. -^ 

^ci to be liable. -^jsS.^, —t> 

^0 Si to aim, mark. 
rioO^^u gurikare, see Aoa>)^i3. 
jioerioo^ gurigumpu, s. Uneven- 

ness, roughness. 
ri.Soij^^ guriyala, s. A game of 

the Panda princes. 




rIotSr gurji 

rioc^o guru, s. A spiritual pre- 
ceptor, teacher, guide, priest, 
2. the planet Jupiter, Bru- 
haspati. adj. Heavy, weigh- 
ty; venerable. —irot,±^^ the 
instruction given by a Guru. 
— 'sarfr? a present or gift to 
a Guru. —^^ venerable per- 
sons, -e^, —^^ the position 
of a Guru; respectability, 
dignity; heaviness, gravity. 
— sjss^ the foot of a Guru. 
—^■^ devotion to him. — -rfoii 
his house or residence, espe- 
cially of a Lingaita priest, 
-ei^ioj heavy and light; great 
and small. — sstj Thursday. 
—t,°^ service due to a Guru. 
~^l^^^ to get a blessing 
from a Guru. 

riowooc^, rijdoosS gurumpu, gu- 

rumpe, see Xocsir. 
riodJozS gurumbe, s. Anything 

rlodo^o guruku, see AO^or. 

Tiod^^ootS, riodorioot:! gurukunji, 


see AOAorc35. 

rlodo=CTO£J0K^ gurukuttuni (ajtjo^j 
13^), V.71. To snore. 2. to purr. 
3. to coo. 4. phlegm to rattle 
in the throat. 5. to roar. 

rlodj^ guruke, see Xo^r. 

riodorioeio, guruguttu, s. Snoring. 
2. see Aor®OAOWo.. 

r1odj?iodo guruguru, s. Snoring. 

2. the rattling of phlegm in 

the throat, 
riodo^ guruta, see AO®r. 


Tiodj^ gurutva, see under 7(:ido. 
riodori guruda, see 7(cizioF. 
riodjz^ gurubi, s. A sparrow; e/ 

AOS!)?". A083,. 

riodo53'3d guruvara, ^. Thursday. 
rijd^^) gurepuni, see s^otS;^^. 
r!o6^&Jo^ guretuni (aot5?0), ^'.(2. 

To hit a mark. 
riodj^^j^d^^ gurrukorepuni (ao 

tjj)^jst5), 7'. 72. To bark, growl. 

2. to snore. 

rio^s^Fs:^ gurkallu, i". Standing 
steadily or motionless. 

yisuni, gurkaysuni (Aom)ro5ooj), 
z'. a. To frown, knit the brows. 
2. to grunt, growl. 3. to 
menace, frighten. 4. to snore 

rij=a^r6 gurkare, i". Ahead-man, 
foreman, manager, master. 
—a a mistress, matron. 

t\j^j7, ?io=^jFrio=ajF gurku, gur- 
kugurku, s. Roar of a tiger. 
2. grunting of a pig. — ^owo^s> 
to roar, as a tiger ; to grunt, 
as a pig. — ■^^s^S) phlegm to 
rattle in the throat. 

rto^aOF^J,^ gurkuttuni (ao^ofIH), 
t'.;?.Togrunt. 2.j'i?^AO-rfo5'oyoi». 

j\:y^7 gurke, s. A very large 

rbrioFoZ^, r1or^J5Fo22 gurgunji, 
gurgonji, s. The seed of the 
country liquorice, Ahrus 
precatorius. .g 

■A:^'^^ gurji, s. k temporary 
halting place for idols, deco- 

r{j;^r gurta 


rioso guhe 

rated with leaves, flags etc. 
2. a temporary shed covered 
with awning for offering ob- 
lations to the manes of the 
deceased Sudras. adj. Fine, 
small, short, little. — -^o?^?- 
offering rice etc. to the manes. 
_^yo^^ to erect a temporary 
shed decorated with leaves, 
flags etc. 

i\:it'F gurta, s. A mark, sign, 
token, symbol. 2. acquaint- 
ance, recognition. — efLsi to 
become acquainted. — S3^0j,>) 
to identify, recognise. — ijs? 
aif^^ to point out, — a?b^ 
to mark. — sir^r'j to describe. 
— x;^^ to recognise, —zxrio^j 
to sign, make a mark. — ^o 
'^J^s to note, mark. 

r(oc5jr gurdu, s. Sounding lead. 
2. a buoy. 3. a post planted in 
water to mark the spot where 
a net is spread. — s^stio^ to 
fathom water ; to plant a post 
as a mark. 

xKy^'p gurbi, s. A sparrow. S5o 
aS-, 20^030- the ordinary 
sparrow, ^sb— a species of 
sparrow which builds a hang- 
ing nest. 

Aj'o gula, s. Condensation. 2. 
condensed sugar ready for 
putting in forms. 

rljsjs'cl, rioyszoo gulabi, gulabu, 
s. A rose. — s^S), — cra^ a 
goglet for sprinkling rose- 
water. -s-e5 rose-water. 

r!o25'3Sjo£> gulamali, s. A buftoon, 

rij(2J3^j gulame, s. A slave, ao 
£;s^o?j slavery, servitude. 

rljejse;* gulaliji, s. A crimson 
powder used at the Holi 
festival; also —^5. —aDoro 
crimson colour. 

floO gull, see ao^. 

?io<yooEoo gulumbu, see t^^^^oo. 

rio^xcco* gulkand^, ^. Confection 
of roses, 

r(j2^, rijej,;3^oJoo, T\:j'i). gulma, 
gulmavayu, gulme, s. A disease 
of mesenteric glands ; a kind 
of colic. 2. see ao5o^. 

rlo^^ gulmu, see 7(oo^:,o. 

riyo gulla, ^. A kind of small 

mollusk. 2. see ao^. 
rioO gulli, see ^o^^. 

rlo^j gullu, s. A great noise, 

shout, uproar. 
jijs3 guile, ^t-^ Aos?_. 

riadc* guvelu, ^. A well ; c/. w 



rloroo gusu, i". A whisper. — ao 
yj a. _Ao;do3jDi'doS) to whis- 
per, lisp, talk in a low tone, 

r{;>7i'^ ^ gussuni, 5^^ ao^». 

?1j;^ guha, ^. A name of Gana- 

rijoo'S^^N guhanipuni (aoosssj), 

V. n. To meditate. 

rio^ guhe, i". A cave, cavern, 

grotto. 2. a den, lair. 
riJoo® guheli, ^^^ AOiS^, 

rlj^ ^ula 


rtJSrfo gusu 

7\:>^ gula, see ^o^. 

r1j§ guli, s. A pit. 2. loss, ruin. 
3. end, death, -^h^ to sink 
in, disappear; to fall into 
ruin ; to die. — -^^o^o^s* to ruin 

7i:>^A gulige, s. A pill, globule, 
bolus. 2. the name of a 
demon. 3. the son of Saturn. 
— 3i -^j^-R a fatal hour, in- 
auspicious time; a bad omen. 
iSc^Tj— a demon haunting the 

rio 2^*00, r!o°^j^j, rio^o;j3^ gulum, 
^uluku, o^ulumi^, s. A noise 
made by the falling of a 
stone tic. into a well. 2. loss. 
3. cheating, fraud. — sf^e^ a 
cheat, defrauder. — e??:^ to 
fall into water; to be lost. 
—•sk)^o^^ to defraud. 

Tii^^T^^i^o gulugulu, s. A noise 
made, as in filling a pitcher 
with water. 

rlo^, ffulla, ^. A kind of round 
brinjal, Solanuni Jacquini. 
— airfjS Solanu7n ferox. 

rlo°^, ffulle, .y. A bubble. 2. 
blister, pustule, vesicle. 3. 
see AJ2^. 

riJSoiio gungu, s. The cry of an 

riJiOto guDji, s. The stalk in the 
midst of a jackfruit. 2. the 
germ-matter of a boil. >§Ae5 
=^ the core of the heart. 

rtJSoei, ?iJ5ol3r^ gunt^j guntige, 
.y.A peg, pin, stake. — =#^^to 

make a peg. — SiSsSiS), — aiaaioj 
a. — sl^yo^r^i to drive in a peg. 

rijss^o^ gucuni, sec ao4^S). 

riJ3t3e)^^ gujavuni, c. v. {of ajs 
&osi) To cause to ooze. 

t\S)U^'^ gii.juni (a-^), £/. ?2. To 
ooze; cf. eanaioc^. 

r!JS^ guje, s. A goglet made of 
cocoanut shell. 

f\S,'<d, rl.'S^ guta, gute, see7(.si>o\i. 

riJ3CSe)=s°' gudak^, see aozss^. 

rtJSCao gudUj .y. A nest. 2. a co- 
coon. 3. a bird-cage. 4. the 
hollow in a seal for receiving 
a stone. — ^WJ^f^ to build a 
nest. ^AeSd— the hollow of 
the chest. 

riJSrl gude, i". A kind of basket. 

riJScS gude, s. Prolapsus of the 

anus. 2. see Xod^. 
riJSj^j gunu, s. A hump. 2. a 

mushroom, ajs^ a hunchback. 
riJSdo guru, i". Asthma. 2. 

cough. — ;ros|^??j asthmatic 

riJ3cio^ guruni (ajsS), 77. «. To 

pile up, as rice, firewood, 

stones, etc.\ also AjsTJoa?!;^). 

2. to stick in, fix. 3. to hoot. 

4. to make a plough ^oi)5— 

to stick the pole of a yoke 

into the ploughshare; to 

make a ploughshare. 
r\Jt)'&F gurke, see /(o^of. 
rijsdoF gurme, s. A kind of bird. 
rlwQi^o^ gusunij see ao3^s>. 

r^j?)'^ gule 


F^3^ g^eppu 

r\J?)^ gnle, s. People leaving a 
place e7Z masse on account of 
invasion or famine. 

Ti^'So gri^ha, s. A house, mansion. 
adj. Domestic -"^^^Q house- 
hold affairs. — jp^ domestic 
trouble or quarrel. 

riv^^®?^, r^^^;^-^©?^ gruhastali- 
ge, gruhastolige, s. Respectabi- 
lity, honesty. — crooSo a honest, 
upright man. —raf an honest, 
upright woman. 

r<\3o^ gr^haste, s. A house- 
holder, married or family 
man. 2. an honest man. -a 
a respectable woman. 

A ge, ci- particle signifying., It is 
said, they say etc.; also ^^. 
20£^7?, 2o£^^t5 it is said that he 
came. eosSr/^, aj^r^-S he says 
that he is coming. — ?joq a 

riod genda, s. A live or burning 
coal. -©?iF-cdo a dance upon 
burning coals ; also —^?^. 

7^0 d genda, adj. Reddish. —33-5, 
see /^ori'^. —33;^ , see >^ca. 

Aodi^, T^oc^^ gendali, gendale, s. 
A reddish coloured cocoanut 
tree. — T5jseA a kind of red 
eruptions on the skin. 

7^0 a gendi, s. A reddish cow. 

rioCJo^ genduni, v. a. To win, 
conquer, v. n. To be hot, to 

Aod gende, s. A reddish colour- 
ed ox. w'^Fo^— a tawny 
coloured cocoanut. 

Ari:i geggara, see A^-rf. 

fi^s^o^ gejeluni, see ajScjoS). 

T^zd , r^^^ gejja, ge] Je, s. A small 
round bell, tinkling orna- 
ment. — ^^, -B^ a knife or 
sword with the handle orna- 
mented with spherical bells, 
etc. — ^^ small stones, iron- 
ore. — ^j3?e)o a stick with 
bells attached to it. —^% 
a neck ornament of gold 
with chasings. — ^c5 the act 
of worshipping gingling bells 
when put on dancing girls for 
the first time. 

fiU,, f\kj. getti, gette, s. A lump, 

rieisjoo^d gettimandele, s. A 

f\d)^ genike, s. Calculation, 
estimation. 2. regard, esteem. 

7^r!i^?i genipuni, v. a. To count, 

reckon, number, 
rici gene, s. Coupling; c/. <^^. 

— 7^t5 an associate. 

7^|j3jjC3J^ gettonuni, see ^^si. 

i^S3^on"3^?i gedungavuni, c. v. 

{of -^^^oT^^it^) To get rammed, 

stuffed in. 
rin^orio^, r^a^^gedijingunijgedi- 

puni (t^SoK, 7^a), 2'. a. To stuff, 

push in, ram. 
rirfdo^ gadaruni, see ^rfrfosi. 
riaojoj^ gediyuni (/^a), v, n. To 

be rammed, stuffed. 
7^3^^ geppuni (5^), V. a. To take, 

receive. 2. to buy, purchase. 


All gebba 


rl^D'' ger^ 

3. to draw, pull out. 4. to 
steal. 5. to draw back, open. 
6. to dismiss, discharge. 7. 
to dig, excavate. 8. to re- 
move, take away. 9. to ex- 
communicate, interdict. 10. 
to press, express. 1 1. to dis- 
honour; to ruin. 3j&orfo f^^ — 
to ruin a person. "^^^ 2a°-d 
4— to draw out the purse 
from the pocket. s'jssS— to 
knock out a tooth. Acli_ 
to steal a bundle. 7\o5_ to 
dig a pit. i^-^j— to discharge 
from service. ^^^— to excom- 
municate. ^^B— to take one's 
name; to dishonour one. sot 
■&6— to open the door, -s^^j,— 
to draw out a thorn, "^^^^ to 
express juice. ?teT^j=)cS— to 
purchase articles, tjssj— to 

f{uk:f, gebbatti^, s. Confusion, 

riu^^.d)^ gebbattavuni, c. v. 

ZJ So 

(^ T^s^y^^) To perplex, con- 

fiz^'th,^ gebbattuni {^%^i), ^^'-n. 
To be confused, perplexed. 

tKhx gebbu, j. The temples, -ao 
^jsbr?), — AO ^?o7)jis>, — rfi^r^ to 
beat on the temples. 

7^o5o?j^ geyipini, ^^^ :^^-»- 

i^do3 gerantij J^" t^sS- 

j^dtj^d geracara, see A^2^"d. 

r^dij, geratte, see t^^A^- 

T^dsi) gerama, ^^^ tt^j^. 

rid^ geravu, i-^i^ ^^■^4- 

7^0^ geraste, -Jc?^ ^g)^^- 

r^6 gere, s. A line, row. 2. a 
stroke. — sjbt^j ^J3?ejj a ruler. 
_533riis>, — -S^sgiS) to draw a line, 
to rule. — -sijoyo,^ to insist. 

rid^^, rid^^i gerepuni, gerevuni, 

see Ajoj^a. 

ri^^c^ gerpuni, v. a. To raise, 
lift up; bet. :S^rS). 

r^e-)S^ gelavu, s. Sprightliness, 
liveliness, vivacity, courage. 

ri£)S^^, fi'tyj^^ gelipuni, gelpuni, 
see T^odos). 

r^t),02j gelkayi, .y. Victory, win- 
ning, adj. Victorious. 

At)^. gelpu, s. Victory, gain. 
~fis>^\^ gain and loss. 

A^o^ gell^, s. A branch, twig. 


A^^^, A^za gen^, gena, i^. A span 
from the tip of the thumb to 
that of the little finger. — tA):i 
a span long. 

A^"^ geni, J". Rent, contract. 
5Dcdoc_, ■dov'se'— a permanent 
lease, perpetual rent. — al?^ 
a lease. —A0'5,—craoi) a tenant, 
contractor. t^^s;— tenancy 
at will, annual rent. ssijoso 
jJ- rent for a fixed time. 
_^wo^^ to fix the amount of 
rent. —A^BS^jaij^^to lease 
out. — 4s^^^ a tenant. 

ri^f^ gena, see a^^. 

7^?D^0i)OgO, ?^e<3^Do3o gerijkayi, 

ri^d g:era 


fijsl^ gotte 

gerekayi, s. The marking nut. 
— rf ^"d the tree Semicarpus 

■f\^t gera, <t:i^7'. Around. — ssc^o 
S) to surround. 

ri^td'=" gerja, s. A kind of bird ; 
also — si-o-j. 

f\%t) geli, ^. Ridicule, jest, mock- 
ery, insult. 

f\^ti'^ geindale, see >^crf^. 

f^^Ij^j geipini {j^Q, v. a. To do, 

7^)20j gaibu, s. Missing, disap- 
pearing, l.see'f^^^'Si. 3. see 
socDQ. — e?L^ to disappear. 

?^^D'geiru,«i^. Unoccupied, adv. 
Not, without. —ss&fS absence. 
—ossdiB efSjS) to be absent. 

fhdojo geireya, s. Red chalk. 

T^iO* geili^, s. A bell-sound. 

T^JSori gonga, s. A large cowrie, 

j^JSortj^ gonguka, i'. An oil tree. 

2. a bunch. 

r^J3cZ7, t^jscZjo^ gonci, gondii^, 
^. A bunch, cluster. 

F^JSotdj gonju, i". A tassel. 

f\Ji)od gonda, see ^j?>ori. 

r^JSoS gondi, s. A button. 

fiJ^od gonde, s. A cluster, tassel, 
topknot. —^ 3i^ a fringe 
with tassels. — sS's a kind of 
flower resembling the mari- 
gold. eroDS:i_ an ornament 
put in the hair of females. 

fiJt)o^d gontu, s. Knowledge, un- 
derstanding, acquaintance. 

-Cfba to become acquainted. 
— CA3s|^^ to know. — ^^os^s> to 
find out, ascertain. ofoc^ 
y^jsc^sS I do not know. 

r^JSodej^sB, 7^j5oc:o^2§ gonda- 
lapuje, gondlupiije, see ■Rj5^ozi<^ 

r^JScd gombe, s. An image, 

puppet, doll ; also djscd. 
f^JS^cioj^ gojjaranna, see ao&it:;)^. 

?^J3Zo gojji, ^. Boiled juice or 
pulp of any fruit, mixed with 
cocoanut, salt, chillies ele.., 
seasoned, and eaten with 
boiled rice to make it savoury. 

F^JSzS gojje, see '^j!>'S. 

ftJ^kX gotta, see ^j^w^. 

7^J?i3"3j?^ gottana, see aomo^. 


f\J^U, gotti, ^. A kind of play. 

T^JS^o, gottu, s. The kernel of 
a nut, as cocoanut, almond, 
castor oil seed elc. 

ftJ^d^ godave, s. Interference, 
connection, intercourse, con- 
cern with. 

riJSdj goddu, adj. Barren, sterile. 
—^?j barrenness, sterility. 

r^JSdo ?3^D^ goddusar^, s. A kind 
of pepper-water made of tama- 
rind, chillies elc. 

r^jsd godde, s. A Pariah, pi. 
■Rji'dE, -R^iu. <s)dr the name of a 
sub-division of Pariahs. 

F^jaras^ gonasu, see 7\r®o>. 

F^JSaj^ gottu, see -Rji^o^. 

T^jj'l^ gotte, s. Sweepings, rub- 


t^jscj goda 


T^JS^ocij gondu 

f\S^z^f\T^tj godagoda, see ^j^ei 


rijjcioji godduni ('^^)^ I'-a. To 
pick or devour, as a fowl. 

r^jJCj godde, s- Lisping, stam- 
mering. — ai^sosonDcSj a lisper, 

f\-Jlt' gone, i'. A bunch of fruits, 
as plaintains, cocoanuts. 

T^JSS^ goppu, see ^.^^. 

T^JSsS goppe, 5^5 A33. 

f\S)Z~,^ gobbara, s. Manure, 

sweepings, —s:^':^?) to manure. 
F^JSej^.ei gobbata, s. Diversion, 

j^JSt^i).^^ gobbavuni, c. v. {of 

■Rj^h^^S^ To make one play. 
fiJtZ-A gobbu, s. A play, dance, 

game. — 2:sa a play-ground. 
fiS^Zji^'^ gobbuni ('^-'^). "o'- a. To 

play. 2. to trifle with, mock. 
?^w^20a3 gobbuli, s. A bubble. 
T^js:!^ gobbe, see jSjesS^. 

riJSdoJS, 7^J3C£j gorante, gorate^ 

see ^?'^c8. 
7^J?d?'o goraku, see ■Rj^'^r. 
f\JlC:^t)f\ gorastalige, see ^^^ 

Ajiusnf^ gorajana, see ^?-5;3°ai^. 

fiJl'iF gorke, ^. Snoring. 

F^JSir gorte, i'. The final pre- 
paration of a field for sowing. 

slioccl golambude, gollumbude, 
gollumunde, s. The angular 
leaved physic-nut. Jatropha 
cure as. 

f\Jl^5 golle, s. A man of the 
cowherd or milkman caste. 
—a a female of this caste. 
— S cowherds. 

f\Ji^'a golaka, see =^js^a. 

f\Ji^ go, i-. A cow. — ?r^ a 
block of stone set up by the 
roadside for cattle to rub 
themselves against. — c:5?i a 
gift of cattle. — -^cdi cowdung. 
— -dooso a spout or fountain, 
made like a cow's head. 
— ^oo;:^ the sacrifice of a cow. 

riJ5?c=^o gonku, s. A cashew 
fruit. — - do^ the cashew tree, 
Anacardiiim occidentale. 

T^J^'^o^ajoo, T^JS^o^ gonkuni, 
gonkru, i". Rocking, as a child 
does on its legs and hands. 
2. a lullabv used when so 
rocking, rt^'. Large, great; 
cf. :^?cr;5. 

?^J3?oeij gontu, a<^'. Dried, -ss 
t::zo3o a cocoanut the kernel 
of which has dried within. 
— ^t^o an unripe dried betel- 
nut. — ^wo^S) to get dried. 

rijs^ccj5;*4'«'^> ?^>J3?oc>^s^^ gon- 
daIapuJe,,^. A speci- 
al worship of Durga in ful- 
filment of a vow, performed 
by decorating her image in- 
doors and by dancing in the 
outer court, Avith music and 

riJS^orfj gondu, s. Gum; the 
gum arable qI Acacia arabica.. 
_3D7>)4^"i to gum. 


yOoj 5 



fij^^Z^ gopu 

AJ^^ot,^ g6inpar\i, adj. Large, 
great. — ^^. see j^jsso^. — 'S^ 
a large cocoauut shell. — ■^ioo 
u^«3 a large kind of cap made 
of the areca leaf-stem. 

?^J5?oi5 gompe, s. A toad, pad- 
dock. 2. see ^J3?33. 

AJ^^'at^F gokarna,^. lit A cow's 
ear. 2. a celebrated place of 
pilgrimage iu North Canara. 

7^J3?=oJ goku, see T<s>^d^x 

rij3^3'o'£-) gokula, ^. Cattle. 2. a 
station of cowherds. 3. the 
place of Krushna's early life ; 
also ^orfi^?n'oe;. _25rf:^ao the 
birthday of Krushna. ^.^j^'o 
£)sy Krushna's frolics when 
at Gokula. 

rijs^z^d, rij35^5i)d godara, gocara, 
s. Perception, conception, pe- 
netration. 2. an object or 
organ of sense. —zsh?i to be 
visible; to comprehend, un- 

riJS^Z^ goji, s. Interference. 2. 
intercourse. 3. confusion. 
— S jg,-???:^ to forget. O'cxSo -Rjn^ 
^K ifo^-^ri have nothing to do 
with him. 

T^JS^Uj gotu, s. Embroidery; 
lace. — a?L?) to put on a lace 
border etc. adj. see 7^?cyo. 

F^JS^c^ goda, s. A horse ; bet. ^roec^. 

mukhe, godamruga, s. A dunce, 
fool, simpleton. 
riJS^S godi, adj. Erect, straight, 
direct. — ^-s??;^ to go straight. 

7^J3e«^ 033-3^^ godiyavuni, c. v. 
{of 7^?5odoooi) To join, knit 
together. 2. to prepare, get 

T^JS^u^oJjj^ godiyuiii(>^?^'^), ^'.?z. 
To join, connect. 

A'S^^d gode, i\ A wall, -a??:?) 
to raise a wall. 

rSja^ra gona, .y. A he-buffalo; 
see 7^ji?ro. 

rijl^cc) goni, s. A sackcloth, 
gunny bag. 2. a malignant 
kind of small-pox. ~^\ 
sacking. — .sj^j-do^ to fall a 
victim to malignant small- 
pox, abus. 

riJS^fl gone, s. A he-buffalo. 
2. Jig. a stupid fellow. 

?^J3P^, gotra, ^. A family, tribe, 
lineage. aS /^j^?^ crocBfn)^^ a 
destitute man. 

F^JS^Cj^SjO godavari, s. A river 
so called. 2. the name of a 

A^i^, riJS^P godi, godhi, s. 
Wheat. ~^:y^o^ a kind of 

f^J3e£'% godikke, ^. An unmar- 
ried Pariah. 2. a nickname. 

T^JS^cJj^ godudi, .y. A quilted 
bed sheet. 

?^J2^?3^s3 go pale, s. A herdsman. 
2. Krushna. 3. a beggar. 4. 
the name of a man. 

f\Jii<ih gopi, ^. A herdswoman. 
2, yellow ochre; also7^^^^"^o 

ri^^^ gopu, -s. A thin girdle. 

F^JJ^^ gopu 


riJ5^3^ g-om 

7lJ3^^^ gopuni (^?), ?:'. 72. To 
hold fast a tree with hands 
or with a rope. 2. to join. 

T^JS^o^d gopura, s. A tower. 

r^JSf s3 gope, s. A chief of herds- 

f\Shitj^ gopya, ad]. Secret, hid- 
den, preserved. — TioXS a 
secret. T^^^'^nTii secretly. 

f\S^^t^ gobi, s. A cahbage. 

?^J3^^o goma,^. A peevish woman. 

?^J3^s^oos, r'.JS^^j^p^CT gomanta, 
gomedhika, s. A gem of a 
yellowish or tawny colour, 
topaz, onyx. 

F^JS^do^, T^X^dso gorante, gorate, 
s. The prickly amaranth, 
Barleria priojiitis. 

T^JS^d^' goratijL, see "^j^-doE. 

J^JB^dZuN gorajina, see -Rji^-^j-o^oi^. 

T^JS^Oi^sS gorabale, s. A large 
hand-net. j-^gt. 

T^JS^dsS gorale, i-. A small hand- 

7^J3^D^ti?^ gorljm&fSee-^^-dj&o^^Ti. 

T^JS^D gori, s. A grave. 2. a 
burial ground. 

T^JS^dj^ goruni (/^?&), z'. «. To 
dig from, out, or up, as coals 
ek. 2. to gather, collect, pile 
up. 3. to catch fish by a 
hand-net. 4. to level a 
ploughed field with a plank. 

r^JS^d gore, see ^js?-5. 

T^ja^de:* goreliji, see j^eT^d 

T^JS^d^oJjv^ goreyuni (^^-s^^e), 
2'. «. To drive together. 

AJS)^6j^^Zifi gorojana, s. Gall of 

cattle, Calculus cysticus. 
F^JS^ir gorte, see t?«®?sr. 
?^J5^s3f gorle, see ■Rj!>°d6. 

rijse^UDr^N gorsavuni, t'. a. To 

r?<.Qe25^ g%5 ^^^J- Round. -^^ 
S) to make round. 

7^J2^2-)cc3i)?;^golandasij, i'. A gun- 

rij3^e;oWjj| golambude, see ^jsOo 


F^J3^2) goli, .?^^ ^e^- 

f\^^'D=iJ?)^A golikotte, s. The 

great great grand-father. 
f\j^^t)^d:i golimara, see >^?^^'rf. 

7^J3(j2;j golu, 5-. Grief, lamenta- 
tion. — ^AOS). — rfsgra to be 
affected with the evils of 
another's grief. 

?^J5^0-5oh^) golungila, s. A plain 
ring, a guard ring. 

F^JS^sS gole, see 7^j3e^. 

rijs^di govate, see tL^^^^^. 

7^v©^d42r^ govardhana, s. The 
name of a mountain. 

F^^es:!(23, f\Ji^^€)A, f\si^^j^^S go- 
vale, govalige, govale, s. A 
herdsman ; ef. •Rj&°z:s6, :^?S. 

riJSi^OocS goviude, ^. A name of 
Vishnu. 2. the name of a 

Aj^^^ govu, see 7^J5?. 

r?J3^s3 gove, s. Goa. 

riJse2ra,Q, ri-'S^s^c gosvari, go- 
svare, s. An abstract, sum- 
mary; also 3^;3?^a. 

AJi^h. goshti 


7^^ gOUlu 

riJ3?&. g^oshti, s. Conversation, 

rij3^?5^, r^JS^^o gosij, gosu, adv. 
Leeward. 2. seaward. — ^ 
wo.o) to shift the sail in order 
to direct the vessel seaward. 
_3j^j^^, _^eb^ to steer sea- 

?^j3^jjoijo3j, r{J3^?do^f^ gosampa- 
yi, gosampige, s. The flower of 
the wild champaka tree, Plu- 
meria acuminata. 

rias^^jaJCOo gosayi, ^. A sect of 
Sivites. 2. a religious mendi- 
cant. ^ cow. 

riJ3i°2d:^^ gohatya, s. Killing of 

f\Si,^^ gola, s. A globe. 

r^JS5T;^=^golake, i". An illegitimate 
son of a widow. 

r^JS^s'D^a^d golakara, adj. Globu- 
lar, spherical. 

r{j3^S''3£J golata, see y^js?e;o. 

f\Si)^^ goli, s. A marble. 2. a 
ball, bullet. -v„(S gun fire. 

7^J3^T?Co5Jjd golidamara, s. The 
large banyan tree, Ficus 

7^J3(=^sid^ golipadpe, .y. A kind of 
potherb, Nyctanthes iris lis. 

fi^i^^ golu, see 7^j3?e)o. 

7^J3^^ gole, s. Hollowness. adj. 

Hollow, void within. — ^od 

a hollow tree. 
Tf^oi^ goundi, ^. A female slave, 

maid servant. 

A^o330 goundu, s. Swelling. — ^ 
w^^ the body to be puffed up. 

rr^cj^ gounde, ^^^ Tfs^. 

rf^zS gouji, J-. A noise, tumult, 
uproar. 2. alarm agitation. 
3. magnificence, grandeur. 
— ^oyj^o) to make noise; to 
threaten. — -sSj^ok^S) to shout; 
to be magnificent. 

t^zi gouda, ^. The district of 
Gour. 2. see t\^^. 

7^0, goudi, see 7f3oa. j-f^}^ 

n^d^ goudu, adj. Peevish, fret- 

A^z^jzooAs^ goudubangali, s. A 
trick, artifice, stratagem. 2. a 
trickster, cheat. 

n^d goude, s. The headman of 
a village, ele. 2. a man of a 
caste of farmers. 

ri^ra's£)=^ gounadike, j'. Great- 

rf^cl goune, ^-^^ '^^^^^ 

n^sdj, ?i^:^^j goutama, gouta- 
me, s. A name of Sakya 
Muni, Buddha; e/. Xoo-dj^. 

?T^£)ri goudige, .?. The seat of a 

n'^Ogouri, s. A name of Parvati. 
2. the name of a woman. 
— ^ balsamine. 

?1^S^3■^^e)^^ gouripashana, ^. A 
tawny coloured mineral poi- 

/1^s3 goule, adj. Tender, unripe, 
sapless, as a sugarcane. 

7^7idf\ gousanige, s. A bag, 
case, cover. 

T^^j^^^ gouli^goulu, s. Chew- 
ing or eating voraciously, as 
betel leaves etc. 

7^^ ffoula 


^5^ graste 

t^°-^, Tf^VDT^ goula, goulasijL, s. 
Digestion, -^t^ to be di- 


?T^§ gouli, ^. A kind of lizard. 
—^50^ the chirp of a lizard, 
considered ominous. — ^^j 
a treatise on the omens pres- 
aged by the chirps eU. of a 

7^^f\ goulige, s. A milkman. 
2. see ^"^s?/^. 

TT^^o goulu, see Tf^f Tfsf. 

rl^s? goule, ^^^ 7f3e3. 

A^^ gnana, ^^^ 3^^?3. 

A^ ^ gnani, see ^^. 

Ai) sj=3^ gnapaka, .s^^ 2='^^^- 


rioq5 grantha, -y. A book, work, 

ri,^€)<i, rij75j?^0r^ grastalige, gra- 



stolige, j'6'6' A^-^7i^€)Z 
r!,36 graha, i". A planet. 2. an 
evil spirit. —^•:iczi<t) an astrolo- 
gical diagram or table. — ^jsU 
conjunction of planets. — aS, 
—tjsci the motion of the 
planets; their influence on 
the human destiny ; fate, luck. 
—■os^ the mansions of the 
planets, c:'^— the nine planets 
as enumerated by Hindus; 
vt'z, Tjjiioior the sun, tic^ the 
moon, ^ocAs;' Mars, ^^4 Mer- 

cury, 20^^;^§ Jupiter, «o^ 
Venus, ^^ Saturn, ^soo the 
ascending node, ^?^ the des- 
cending node. z:x)<v~ convul- 
sion of children, 
rlsors grahana, s. Reception, 
acceptance. 2. comprehen- 
sion. 3. an eclipse. — sse^ the 
occasion of an eclipse. 

rl3dr§ grahani, i^. Rickets, a 

wasting disease. 
riSo=ff grahike, s. Understanding, 


r^2oo^?j, 7ijCo:^j^ grahipuni, gra- 
hisuni (^=o), v. n. To under- 
stand, comprehend, perceive. 
2. to consider, ponder. 

7Ta),0vB granti, s. Habit, practice. 
2. appetite, longing, eager 

TT^jti^d gracara, see under 7<j^. 

rrs^rs grana, see aj^j^s. 

n^jrii grani, see Xj^rf. 

rra,5:;j grama, s. k village, ham- 
let. — ^y,^ the custom of a 
village. — ^jay a village coun- 
cil. — trocSo, _;6_ a villager. 
a3)^o rural, rustic, unpolish- 
ed, inelegant. 

7\i>,tj grlsa, s. Amouthful of food. 
2. food, subsistence. 

Hi),^ graste, see /^^ 






^J3?u ghora 

p' gha, the seventeenth letter 

of the alphabet. 
^-■0^ ffhanta, see 3^oU4- 
poU ghanti, see aoI2. 

e^j^o^ ghante, s. An hour. 2. a 

clock; see aoB. 
^o^ ghandi, see aoS. 
^0^^ ghamu, see XoSo. 
^ej ghata, ^. A large earthen 

water-jar. 2, the body. 
^i]=^?5 ghatakkane, see 7<ri^^. 

^£Jj§ ghatane, s. Contact. 2. as- 
semblage, bringing together. 

^eJ^tfSr ghatasarpe, s. A large 

^y ghatta, s. A ghaut, defile, 

pU.^ ghattane, see ^m^. 

prli ghatti, see a6|^. 

^w"5)SJfS ghadavane, s. Joining, 
uniting. 2. invention, manu- 
facture, coining. 3. fabri- 
cation, concoction. 

pS^ ghadi, see aS. 

^c^^c? ghanaghana, ^. The sound 
of a ringing bell. 

^F^ ghana, s. Respectability, 
honour, dignity. 2. hardness. 
3. solidity, substance. adj. 
Heavy. 2. noble, great. — © 
greatness, nobility, glory. 
-•^ijjse; the cube root. 


^doghama, s. Fragrance, odour. 

^Os3o*, ^SjT gharimy, gharmi, 
see A<2or. 

p^f\ ghalige, see 7('^-R. 

pDb^ ghat\i, see t^O. 

p'D^, ^'3^=3', p>D3r\ ghata, gha- 
taka, ghataga, s. Murder, 
slaughter, killing. 2. trea- 
chery, fraud. ^^^— suicide. 
S^Ti— destroying life, mur- 
der; suicide. .Sb^^?^— treach- 
ery, breach of trust, v^^^, 
^j?,^-R a murderer ; an execu- 
tioner; a cheat. 

^■33 ghatiji". A matter becoming 
serious. esSr ©Sr ^jsS e?c5 
what was meant for a joke, 
has become serious. 

p>Ddt ghada, s. Depth. 

^e)ZvO ghabari, see 7^205. 

^sXDJo ghaya, s. A wound. 

^•30 ghara, see t^B. 

^■5)?o ghasi, i". Fatigue, trouble, 
toil. 2. conclusion, exhaus- 
tion, termination, death. —^ 
1^0^ to be troubled, fatigued; 
to die; to conclude, finish. 

^■3^ ghali, s. Air, wind, breeze. 

^J^^d ghoda, s. A horse. 

^JS^d ghora, adj. Frightful, 
horrible, dreadful. 



s^ogj candra 


72 na, The eighteenth letter of the alphabet. No words begin 
with this letter. 


zi ca, The nineteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

2^on^ cang^, s. Guimbard, Jew's- 

SjJoT^) canga, cangane, canga- 


canffeimanffei, i". 


frolic, gambol. 2. hoax, hum- 
bug, deceit. — ■^'siox^a to de- 
ceive, impose upon. 

2ao?T5)0^ cangayi, s. A friend. 2. 

Stforlo© canguli, ^- A preparation 
consisting of jackfruit, jag- 
gory, the juice of cocoanut 
and rice. 

T^oz^ camca, s. A spoon. 

ZffoZc^ cancala, aJj. Fickle, wa- 
vering, unsteady. — ^?i, — sf^, 
fickleness. — -sij-cJ fickle 
mindedness. zic^c^^ a fickle 

TaoZ^ candu, see dcE.- 

jiccCscanda, ^. Vehemence, fierce- 
ness, obstinacy. 2. offspring. 
3. host, multitude, adj. Vehe- 
ment, fierce, obstinate. 2. 


ecoCaDdo^ candaduni, see eSczro 

^ccCiD'i3 candale, i". An outcast, 
Pariah. 2. a wicked man. 

Zco^ candi, i'. Wetness, adj. 
"Wet, moist, humid. — sgca 
very wet. — -sii^o^^ to wet. 

ZcoQ, 2^oQ:^ candi, candike, i". A 

name of Parvati. 
z^o^ candu, see e^cS. 
StfoJl cande, s. A kind of drum. 
s^od^od candemara, ^^^ ^ct§. 
z^oc:! canda, s. Beauty, elegance. 

Zcodrl, 2:^0^0=^, 2:ffcCjjr? candaga, 
canduka, canduga, s. A small 

z^odf^ candana, s. Sandal, Santa- 
lum album. 

Zcod-, candra, s. The moon. — -s3 
a digit of the moon. — ssa 
the colour of the rising moon, 
red. —^^03, — Aj^p© an eclipse 
of the moon. — 8!ioeo the 
moon's disk. 

e^ogj^a candraka, j-. The eye in 
a peacock's tail. 

Zccd.^a^o:^ candrakanta,^. A kind 
of gem. 2. alabaster. 

s^orf, candra 


2^=5^ CdklJ 

z^orf,^«)ovB candrakanti, i". The 
moon-flower, Ipomoea grandi- 

e^cclzSjs?^ candrajoti, ^. A blue 
light, a kind of firework. 

Sao^^?^ candranage, s. A ser- 
pent with a crescent-like 
stripe on its head. 

2^orfj2Te)6 candrabare, s. A red 
kind of plantain tree. 

^^orfJ^3■^s^© candrabavali, s. A 
kind of ornament for females. 

2;^orf,^ooc^e; candramandala, s. 

The moon's orb. 2. an idol's 

whirling car. 
c^o^sjod=^ candramadake, s. A 

kind of fish. 

e:^od,djjdJ candramuru, s. A fe- 
male's ear-ornament in the 
form of a half-moon. 

z^orf^Sjo^ candravamsa, s. The 

lunar race. 
2^ourajOi^oq^candrayudha, see si^- 

s^oG's.Q candrari, s. Ketu, the 
ascending node. 

"^oUDyi.h candravati, s. The name 
of a city. 2. the name of a 

t^oa,=^ candrike, j. Moonlight. 
2. the covering of a letter 
written on a palm leaf. 3. 
palm leaves rolled and tied 

2^0 d candre, s. The moon. 

2^0^ canna, a^'. Red. 2. hand- 
some, well. 
S^oc^c5e)02)o cannanayi, s. A wolf. 

s^o?^^?^ cannalige, s. The red 

2^o^e)20J3dj, s^of^iojsdj canna- 
buru, canneburu, s. A kind of 

z^o^ canne, ^. A kind of game 
with cowries. — ^oi? a board 
with two rows of seven holes 
for arranging the cowries. 
_7^j320o^^ to play at such a 

'doty^ campaka, s. The flower of 
Miclulia champaka ; bet. ?jo 


s^oiS campe, see ei^. 

z#o2o, 'do'L.:^ camba, cambu, i". A 
small water-pot; cf. eloeoo. 
2. a barge, fishing boat. 

t^o2^i)d cambare, see eic-rfjsd 

s^o:^/^, 2^o2Jjr^ cambige cambuge, 

s. A shoe. 2. a bad smell. 
z^otofO cambeli, s. A cunning 

Sdos^jsa, 2^o5^j^ cambodi, cam- 

madi, s. A sledge hammer. 

2. skin, leather. 3. a scourge, 


siosjjsd cammare, s. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler; cf. ?j^7^-5. 

2^oOo cammi, ^. Dampness, mois- 
ture. 2. a kind of water- 

s^czoor carmbu, j. A blossom 
without setting fruit, adj. 

s^oZjJFD carmburi, see ■d-^y^r'b, 

2^3=^ cakyi, see eiF^. 

e^^^woa cakiibandi, i'^^ si^o^sooa. 






Zo'c^ziX)-^ cc=CTsi>jTS-, cakijinuki, 
cakamuki, s. The steel with 
which fire is struck. — ^f5 a 
flint stone. — ss^'o^ to strike 
fire with a flint and steel. 

zi'^oz^ cakanda, see e^^^orf. 

2^=^:^^ cakacaku, adj. Slow. adv. 
Shortly, suddenly. 

2;5=^J3?aj c'akotra, see ^^^i^^- 

25^', cakk\^,a^'. Hollow, without 
kernel. 2. stunted, short, lean. 
3. flat. — ^B-Joosj a hollow 
cocoanut. —^ozf a flat head. 
—Tk>^ a low seat. — ^^.s^o a 
flat nose; «/jc^ ^oS^iu^o. 

Za^cakka, ^^■t'. Quickly, at once. 
—^0^0^ Si to sit at once, with- 
out observing where. 

speciousness. adj. Plausible, 
specious. — c5:5j a plausible 
man. —z^td a plausible 
speech, flattery. —z:^^o?j to 
say what is plausible, to flat- 

■23=^^*^ cakkatt?, adj. Low. 

■E^^^sJ, cakkappa, adr. Down, be- 

2cT^^ cakkam^, j"^^ s^soSo. 


2;^=ct,sjoj^ cakkamukki, i't'^ '^^ 

^=^6 cakkare, ^. Sugar. 

2^t!\ cakki, .y. An ornament worn 

by female children. 
23^0, cakku, see £i^_. 

Z^^CTOjtjoS) cakkubandi, s. Boun- 
dary-stones. 2. jurisdiction. 

2^'z-x't) cakkuli, s. A cake made 
of rice flour, salt eic, and 
fried in oil; also =5'c^e«3::J o. 

2c=CTJ,£idoc5 cakkulimara, s. The 
Manilla tamarind tree, Inga- 

z^^j.© cakkulli, s. The pum- 
plemose or shaddock, Citrus 

z^=^ cakke, see ■&%. 

^c^c? cakkeliji, i'. The bosom. 

::^=5' cakra, ^. A quarter rupee. 
2. a wheel, circle. 3. a pot- 
ter's wheel, coach wheel. 4. a 
discus. — aS two equal parts, 
as of a cocoanut. — ^ozli a 
kind of small white cloth. 
— STOD® a wheel shaped fire- 
work. — ^-^ a mendicant's 
drum. — -"^ a necklace of 
gold ringlets. 

2c=5^^ir cakravarti, s. An em- 
peror. — ^ an empress. 

Zi^-S- cakri, s. Vishnu. 2. a 
potter. 3. a snake. 

ZtfrtcS cagane, see ^oK. 

Zdrto^ cagule, s. A bug. 

z^^d caccara, s. Haste, speed, 

2^L5^=5' caccouka, 5. A square, 

23^* catij, /7?/y. Fie, fie! adj. 
Useless, excessive. ^'^■d^ 
very sour. — 3Sli, .y^^ Sili^O. 

£^^^=3' cati^ka, ^. A snapping 
sound, adv. Quickly, briskly. 
-^'-jts- to walk briskly. 

z^^ cat^ 


2^ a cadi 

z*^^r2catukkane,^fl^t'. Harshly, 
rudely. — 3if^^ to say rudely. 

^eJ cata, s. Energy, vigour. 2. 
the germ of a disease, the 
remaining symptoms of a 
disease. — :34^a to eradicate 
a disease. — ^^ets) to lose 
energy, be tired, weary. 

z^kj"^ cataka, s. A summary me- 
thod of offering to the manes 
of departed ancestors. 

2^e3=CT^ catakka, s. A slapping or 
cracking sound; c/. silZs'. 

zihj'^U, 2*&i5j2j catacata, cata- 
pata, s. Noise produced, as 
in slapping 07' cracking a 

2^§3r^ catini, s. Grain or fruit 
pounded, made into a thick 
paste with chillies, salt, elc. 
and eaten as a condiment 
with curry ; chatney. 

z^UhU catipiti, adv. For noth- 
ing, uselessly. 

2:^13^ ^j catila, s. A cracking 

zikf, catt^, End, dissolution, 
termination, death. 2. ex- 
haustion, consumption, ruin, 
demolition, extinction. — is'owj. 
^, — :33^?), — -do^Ov^^ to exhaust, 
spend away, tir€. 

z^ej, catta, s. A litter, sort of 
a palanquin. 2. a bier. 3. a 
window frame, —^mj.^ to pre- 
pare a bier. 

z^ki^ cattane, adv. Suddenly; 


JO , rJ. 

S^I3, catti, s. A broad-mouthed 
spittoon. 2. a chamber pot. 
2^13^ cattini, see a^^'rf. 
s^ejj, cattu, s. A country pony. 

2:^^ catte, d:^'. Flat, level, with- 
out inclination. ~'?^<5 a flat 


z^^.iTsd catteg-are, 5. A native 

who assumes European dress. 
2^e3, ziU, catni, catni, see vO^A 

"^ZB^z^z^ cadijicadi^, adv. Quickly, 
speedily. -»rfK aoss^^Oc^ to 
mount a ladder quickly. 

2^G*a, 2od;a cadijita, cadata, .s-^^ 

2^;:^vB cadati, J. Dissimulation. 
2. ^r^ ?iSi^- 

2^^1)2:^^ cadacadi, see eiweiy. 
2. .y^^ EiSzsS. 

2:dCS^o3J?oo^ cadayisuni (sizssosoco), 
^'. a. To increase, raise t*/' bid 
higher, as price. 2. to beat, 
strike, flog. ^js?^— to put 
in stocks, aca^jt^— to swal- 
low liquor, ^^^^j"" ^^ smoke 

z^JSe)^ cadavuj s. An ascent, 
uphill. 2. increase, enhance- 
ment. 3. a kind of country 
shoes. — -^^o^S) to raise, en- 
hance, as the price ; e/. ^zs^ 

2^C35^^ cadavuni, v. a. To as- 
cend, climb. 
z^i2i>7io^ cadasuni, see eirssosojio^. 

2*a cadi, s. A notch, indentation. 
2. a whip, stripe. — £4^?^, 


StfC^o cadu 


^^ cani 

— •dj«;*o^S) to make a notch. 
— ^t^os) to whip. — ® ^o?6 a 
joining bench, groove-plane, 

2^1:30 cadu, s. The belly. 2. a 
pleasing discourse. 

2^;^jr(j cadugu, ndj. Bad, de- 

s^CsOa caduta, i". Persistency, 
obstinacy. 2. a bet or wager. 
—333^0^ to speak persistently, 
to provoke. 

e^tl cade, ^. A kind of bag. 

zid^ cadta, s. Daily <9r regular 
observance of rites or cus- 
toms; c/. eiodor. 2..y^^ eitlj^. 
a?i— a diary. 

e^do. cadpu, i". Leanness, thin- 

eSc'S cana, see ^f^. 

z^rls:* canil^, ^^^ "^^^• 

2;^ 3* 60 A catpengi, .r^^ arsios'^. 

S^^JD^ catur^, ;z?/;;z. Four, -a 
a the four sides or boundaries 
of a land e^c. [rous. 

2^^d catura, adj. Clever, dexte- 

z^sodori caturanga, s. Chess. 

e^sjdort^-s; caturangabala, s. An 
army consisting of infantry, 
cavalry, elephants and war 

2^:^ 6 cature, see t3i>^-6. 

s^ij^r caturthi, adj. Fourth. 
s. The fourth day of the lunar 
fortnight. — ^s?^ the dative 
case, gram. 

s^i^odra caturdasij s. The four- 

teenth day of the lunar fort- 

'^s>:>-^'^r\y caturvarga, The four 
objects of pursuit: justice, 
wealth, pleasure, and heaven. 

Zc^js^rj^r caturvarna, s. The 
four castes. 

z^^jsS^rd caturveda, s. The 
four Yedas or ancient scrip- 
tures of the Hindus. 

2c30SD,d catushpada, adj. Qua- 

z^cTD^, 2cdo^,e^Cjd cadijr^, cada- 
ru, cadara, s. Dispersion, dis- 
sipation, scattering, —^ht^ 
to be dispersed, scattered. 
— ^-s^j^^ to disperse, scatter. 

z^dD^sJj^), StfdS^^ cadaravuni, 
cadaripuni, c. v. {of ii:ido^'j 
To disperse, scatter. 

z^cjrfj^ cadaruni (^^^), v.n. To 
be scattered, dispersed; also 

z^a cadi, s. Obstinacy, pertina- 
city. — ^%''J|^^> to be obstinate. 
eio^— revenge, retaliation. 

2^rfjs§ cadupu, s. Skill, ingenu- 
ity, cunning. ~i.t°dis^?i to 
play tricks. 

z^cJoC cadura, see ei^iJ, f^^odor. 

s^j^jvS cadure, see i^^j^. 

z^zS cade, s. Severe fighting. 2. 
destruction of life. 

•^^^D^ canani, s. Great harm. 
2. quarrel, riot. 3. desola- 
tion, waste, ruin. 

2^^ cani, see Ti?^. ^see Tio^^^ 

•^^■D^ canily, s. A squirrel. 2. 

z^7i, canna 


2^20 caba 

zi'^, canna, see ^o^. 
2^s:;e;^sjcapacapa,3". x\ noise made 

with the mouth, as a pig in 

z^3j^ capate, see si^. 
s^siDDn)* caparas^ji, ^<^^ £i3:£jc3. 

e^sjo, 2^3J^ capala, capala, aJJ. 
Waving, moving. 2. fickle, 
unsteady. 3. swift, quick. 
—4^, — ^^ fickleness ; quick 
perception. — ^t^^ra^ a man 
of quick perception or ap- 
prehension. — ^;ioJ fickle- 
mindedness. £^^«3 a woman 
with quick and moving eyes. 
2. Laxmi, the goddess of 
wealth. [asoprfosi. 

2i5j-303o?;jOQi capayisuni, see ^^t> 

£^o5"3^ capavu, see efJsjD^. 

^h capdi, see ei^^a. 

2^3J cappa, adv. Fast, firmly. 
2. suddenly. —^^^^^ to stick 
fast. — 3533^0^1 to fix firmly. 

s^sj cappa, see ^A- 

z^sj-orl cappanga, s. The sappan 
tree, Caesalpinia sappan. 

ziiih^ cappat\i, adj. Tasteless, 
insipid. 2. bad, worthless. 

z^ti ^ cappate, s. A worthless 
person, adj. see e:^^- 

2^3J ^, cappatte, s. Cooling. 

^ w _ 

z^sj TZDiA cappadaci, s. Coaxing, 
flattering. 2. fabrication, in- 

"dti^ cappadi, see ■d^^Ti,. 

Zat, fi cappanna, adj. Fifty-six. 
— c3?^ the fifty-six countries 

enumerated by the Hindu 

•i^st D^ cappar^, s. A kind of 

dried fish. 
•^t) D^ capparu, adj'. Low, cast 

down. — ^J3o20o an ornament 

of a devil-dancer. — eojsTJoS) 

to be low. 
'i^ti^ cappara, s. A shed, pandal. 

—■^Mz^ a cot with posts and 

curtains. — sror^j^ to put up 

a temporary shed. 
t^s^S^^ capparipuni C"-^^^), ^'• 

«. To smack the lips. 
e^^^s:^, ^^^ cappalij, cappalij, 

J-. A shoe, sandal. 
2^3:; ^ cappali, ^. Clapping the 

d^jS?^5) cappalipuni (^^A,*), e'. a. 

To clap the hands. 
z^sj's oSjjcO^ cappayisuni, j^^ «i^s^ 

s^sjs d) cappavu, ^^^ ej^s^^- 
z^^„ 2is3, cappi, cappe, s. A 


stamp, seal, mark. 

ei^ a cappudi, s. Concealing. 
2. legerdemain, jugglery; also 
—7\€). 3. the play of 'hide 
and seek'. 

s^^ cappe, adj. Tasteless, insi- 
pid, unsavoury. 3. cool, vapid. 
4. trifling, worthless. —^^B 
quite worthless. 

z^ss^,?"/ caprasu, s. A kind of 

^ ' 

drill cloth. 

^^^o^'e)d, s^eoo^i)^ cabakara, cabu- 
kara, j'. Soap; fuller's earth; 

also ?j200^5, ?3s20j3^0. 


z^tij cabu 


2^D can 

2^ 200^ do d cabukumara, see «4^ 

2:^200=^0 cabuku, i". A whip. — rf 

^^ a Casuarina tree. 
2^d:?=53oj^cani^kaii^, j-^g 3iSo^^. 

e^sjc'rrad cam^gare, s. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler. — ^ ero^ a 
chuckler's awl; also f.^cn^-^u 

2^ sir 2^ camijica, i"^'^ ^4^- 

2cSjjl3i1 camatige, j-. A sledge 

2^sijc^ camada, i". The skin, 

2^dJs"5,c> camatkara, s. Clever- 
ness, dexterity, artifice. 2. 
astonishment, surprise. 3. 
wit, eloquence. 4. anything 
curious, ingenious or ex- 
traordinary; also z^-^^^^-K. 

t^dj|^7^,cainattig'e,J. The flower 
of Pyrethruni indicum. 

2^doD5JONii camarimr^ga, s. The 
yak, or bos-grimniens. 

2:*dji)^i^ earning, see feScss^. 

s^Sj^^ camipuni, see ^.so^^. 

2^dj camca, ^. A spoon, ladle. 

2^cdj cay a, see ^odo. 

2^ 03 J cayi, ^^t? e^'S- 

2:^050 -J cayila, ^^^ ^j^«^. 

2aD^o2JO carijmbu, ^"^^ doeoor. 

2c sj cara, adj. Moveable, lo- 
comotive. — 2§ca/^, titro^ move- 
able c'^ personal property, 

2cCi5^, 2cd^j carak^, caraku, s. 
Merchandise, cargo. 2. goods, 
articles; let. ?j^^. 

2cd=a^ caraky,J'. Machinery. —So 
ABr-^r'^j to set a machine in 

2^d2^d caracara, s. A noise made 
in spurting (?r throwing water 
from a pump. 2. see siaelb. 
— s?5 an even accumulation 
of water in a field. — c^erjo^ 
to prattle. 

2^dc3 carate, s. What is coarse ; 
leavings or stalks. 

2*dr3 carana, s. The foot. 2. a 
foot in poetry. — j6eA see S333S 

2^Ccl carane, ^. Pasturage, graz- 


2cDD2^d caracara, adj. Moveable 
and immoveable. ~-^t^ ^o 
animate c'r inanimate things; 
the creation, world. 

2^ddAj carasti, see U7ider ti^. 

"d^A carige, s. A cooking utensil 
of copper or brass. 2. see 

z^qA carige, see t^oorfor. 

2^Di, 2:^S:s,, 2^0l, carita, caritra, 
caritre, i". A history, story, 
narrative. 2. conduct, be- 

2^Q^ caripu, s. An offering 
presented to an idol and 
then distributed among the 
people present. 

2^a^c^ caripuni (£^6), v. a. To 
quake, tremble, shudder, shi- 
ver; cf. c:j555n. 

2^0c^5) caripuni (s^&), v. n. To 
move; wander. 

ddo caru 


^^ calla 


2^ do, s^dod caru, caruva, s. An 
oblation of rice and other 
ingredients to the gods or 
demons. 2. a small fish. 

2^do2oo carubu, see iiozd:,r. 

^6 care, s. Small shots. 2. the 
head; def. ^^^■ 

Z^^F carka, adv. Straightly, 
directly. — "dwo^^ to splash 
off, as mud. 

Z^^F carki, see iixi^. 

2^'i&F, 2^z§r carci, carce, i". Dis- 
pute, wrangling. — -d^^o^^ to 
dispute, reason, argue. 

2^£iF cardi, s. Vomiting. 

•^t>Fb^, 2;#5:Ir^, 2^s3i>r^^ carpa- 
t^, carpatt^, carpatiji, adj. 

^Z^F carpu, see ti^4. 

^"^F carbi, s. Fat, grease. 2. 

arrogance, pride, y?^. 
e^sJoF carina, s. The skin, hide, 

leather. — sd^^s^S) to flay, peel, 

skin, bark. 
s^s^jofO carmuri, s. Parched rice. 

s^odoF, g^oSoF carya, carye, s. 
Observance of rites or cus- 
toms. 2. conduct, demeanour. 
ac^— a diary, chronicle. 

s^^F carva, see ^-^o. 

s^s^Frscarvana, i'. Chewing betel. 

z^o^sib^ cal^pat^, see ti^O. 

23^ cala, see ^'^. 

2^s;=5=^ calakij, j-. Dexterity, parti- 
cularly of the hand or tongue. 

^^"^t) calacala, s. A noise in 
wading through water, as 

children make while playing. 

'd^'^ calane, s. Motion, move- 
ment, adj. Wandering, roam- 

2^^^kz^ calapatij, see ziT^U. 

z^o^z) calavala, s. Alarm, con- 
sternation, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness; e/. ^sj^eoa 

2ieJ5)3Jo calapala, s. Agitating 

2:^Oe)S^rli calavani, 5'. Currency, 
genuineness, as of a coin. 
^oa_ drawing a bill of ex- 
change. — rf ?33o©o a current 
coin. — •s5js;<o^^ to make pass 
or current. 

z^€) call, s. Cold, chilliness, 
shivering, as in ague. adj. 
Cold, chilly; also tj^- -^ty 
the cold season. ~'^'^, see ^ 
6 Tf. — 3jra9 cold wind. — ss'rf 

00 ' 

ague. — ^cxso^S) to warm. — ^ 
aso^jsreo^ to be warming one- 
self. -3j;^j ?) to catch cold; 
to be afraid. — sooiii ^?l}^ to 
be relieved of cold; fear to 

z^©3j)^ calipuni (^^), v. a. To 
shake, move. 

SdODo, 2^0, calimi, calmi, see 

s^e; ^, calpatte, see ■d^. 

2^0^ callu, adj. Stupid, dull. 
2. timid, timorous. 3. imbe- 
cile, weak, useless. [bell. 

2:^0^=^ calluke, s. A kind of small 

z^o calla, s. A noise of a fall 
with force. 

ctfsi; calla 


"^^^ cala 

2cs-)c/T305j callangayi, s. The 
Sepistan plum, Cordia myxa. 

2c2Jo^ callante, s. A kind of 

Zaocs, 2^2Jjd, 2a(3«) fw callana, cal- 
lana, callana, s. Short breeches, 
reaching only to the middle 
of the thighs. 2. a mat of 
straw rope. 3. a covering 
for a horse. 

2^579 ^^callapini (^<^): 'u. n. To 
get weak. 2. to become use- 
less. 3. to fail, lose: cf. ^^ . 

SaSJ'^ojS callapilli, i'. Confusion, 
disorder. 2. dispersion, scat- 

S^S calli, i'. A chip, 2. a reed. 
3. a potsherd. 4. a kind of 

s^^o^ calluni f^^^), ^'. «. To 
spill, shed; to disperse. 

'd't calle, ^. A weak or timid 
man. 2. the name of a man. 

S^d Ijs3 callepille, i-. Youngsters. 


^e?3^ where shall I take these 
little ones? 
s^sJSr^ cavadig-e, see of^^-R. 

z^sJcl cavane, s. An instrument 
for drawing wire, pincers, 
tweezers. —5 ^j^S^ ^j^sgr^ to 
draw wire through it. 

t^dd cavara, s. A flj-brush. 2. 

s^SotJ cavala, .?. Half a rupee. 

2. the ceremony of tonsure 

of a child. — aoS interest 


at 12 J per cent. 

StfD cavi, .y. A disease of newly 

born infants. 
^is^cyo cavuntu, sec tf^oUd. 
"c:^d)oeJo?j cavuntuni, see z^oWj^. 
z^d)=^ cavuka, see tf?>^. 
Sc-:3j^^ cavuka li, see 2i^59. 

e:cdy5?)?j, Sc^^D-: eavukasa, cavu- 
kasi, s. Cleverness in dealings, 
marketing with judgment. 
2. leisure, respite; deL ?3o^ 

2^^r:, ec^€ cavuki, cavuke, see 

Zcd;d cavura, see s^^. 

Scrf^DD^^ cavurasu, s. A square 

s^sJjQ cavuri, see 2i^5. 

ZadjO, ^^§ cavuli, cavuli, adj. 
Cold. —^?& cold water. — £^o 
£i5 very cold water. 

z^^^, ^^°^j cavul^, cavulu, 
«^', Brackish, saline. — ^-^.sj 
poor (?r infertile land. — ^^• 
nitre ; earth salt. 

2cdj§=g^oSj cavulikayi, s. The ve- 
getable DoUchos fobas for 

s^oouS 'd^ixj^ cahalij, cahanj, .y. 
Expertness, dexterity. 2. 

xi^'^ calak^, see ^d^. 

i^^h calaki, s. A kind of bra- 
celet, made of gold and coral 

4"^^ calacala, s. A bubbling 
noise. 2. glittering. -^oo 
eio^ to glitter, glimmer, shine. 


^^ cala 


23e)3J capa 

2^?*:30oJj3*, E^^jg02oo calatumm^, 
caltumbu, s. A double cone- 
shaped ear-ornament worn 
by females. 

s^^ cali, see ii€). 

z^^ call^, see s:^^. 
2^^ calla, J^^ £^<y. 

s^^sjod callamara, ^. The mon- 
key-fruit tree. 

25e) ca, J-. The tea plant, Tkea 
viridis. 2. lemon grass, 
Andropogon schoenanthus. 
3. infusion or decoction of 
the leaves of tea or any medi- 
cinal plant. -^4^ the tea 
leaves, -^^o^^ to prepare tea. 

£5e)o^ cantu, see -i^U. 

25«)o^ cante, adj. Lame, crippled. 

—53^ a lame leg. 
23s)o?:aDQ3 candale, see ei^ozsse?. 
ZS^oC^j^ canduni (^^soSj, v. a. To 

fling or dart a spear. 
J3«)o55e)do^ campaduni (t^^os^S), 

V. a. To withdraw, get out. 
2530^ campu, s. A knot, as of 

an angling tackle. 
t5e)oeoo^ cambuni (s^^jo^), v. n. 

To flee, escape, run away. 

2. to close, shut, shrivel, as a 

flower. v.a. To lift with a 

23-) 5^ cakij, .?. Chalk. 

25s)^b^ cakatt^, s. A kind of 
bracelet made of coral and 
gold beads. 2. a packet of 
tea. — :o ^jrf, s.3Fa3^63j53a3o a 


bead of such a bracelet. 

i3^^3, c^iiiy, cakari, cakri, s. Ser- 
vice, employment. — cboSj a 
servant. — ^o^Ov» to do ser- 
£3D£aJ^ cacuni (^^seT), t/. (2. To 
stretch out, hold out. 2. to 
EJe)^"" cat^, ^. Exchange, barter; 
also ?fel3. --^js^ij^^ to barter, 
isikf cat^, j-. Force, current. 

^?53i— current of water. 
t5e)eJ=5', ^5^£J=^;joo^, cataka, cata- 
kamantra, ^. An incantation 
for destroying or subjugating 
a person. 
25De3, 23ii^ cati, cate, see ^jsO. 

Z5i)w^ cadi, .y. Defamation, slan- 
der. 2. talebearing. — t^tS 
a slanderer, talebearer. -^ 
"d^, — 3:D;i-d, — ?Joa slanderous 

2^4)^0^00^ cadiyuni (s^S). ^'. «. 
To slander. 

i3D3^^ catappu, ^^^ ^s- 

t5"33 cati, ^^^ itoS. 

Z5s)^o6 cature, i". A clever, dex- 
terous person. 

25e)^oojjr caturya, ^. Eloquence. 
2. dexterity. 3. cleverness; 
also ^■^^— adj. Skilful, clever. 
— crooSo a dexterous man. 

Z5s)c3Bao^^ clnahani, 5"^^ t^f::^^). 

z^^^d canu, i'^t' «S?^. 

25j)F^J3oj canulu, s. A woman's 

neck ornament. 
25e)sJ5j)N capakane, .y^^ ^ssjaroj?. 

c-tDoj C&p3i 


tjsd cava 

tjssjfl capaue, ^\ A lever. 2. 

see ^5- 3. see Tist^^. 
z?s)^?jo^ capisuni see v^L^i:*^. 

LiD^ capu, s. The cock, as of a 
gun. 2. a piece of a cloth 
or -web, containing several 
garments efc. 3. a shop: 
deL s3^. —33 z;eQ03j a thin 
metal plate, ssct^?^ !i_, .ce^ 
e)3i— a piece of cloth contain- 
ing several towels or hand- 

oieJo^ cape, i". A mat; 5eL t,S. 2. 
see v^^. — 3ie)O30 a kind of 

LaD^ cama, ^^-^ ^^. 2. i^^ a^^. 

e^^^d camara, s. A fly-brush 
of the hair of yalc or bos 

t3'3S:;5=5'd camikara, s. Gold. 

t5t)do0o^ camundi, 5. A goddess 
so called, a form of Durgi. 
2. the name of a female 

tJ9;l) came, see ^fe^. 

Z5'3o;ij,L5Bc5jcaya, caye,^^<^ epcA). 
tj^O^J cayi, J-. Ink. 'I. see efrooS;^. 

Z5^D^ car^, ^. A kind of pepper- 
water; also 7cs5. 
ejs)0 cara, i"^<2 ^^'^^ 
£5DCri carage, i. A cocoanut. 

Lat)dr!>, i^Dwrl carani, carane, s. 
Smearing a wall or floor 
with mud, chunam or cow- 

25i)S cari, 5. A traveller. 3:DrL- 
a traveller on foot. 

25 s) 3:^, caritra, ^^<2 ^^^- 
i55)io^»!f2s56 carukanesire, .y^^ ^^ 

t5s6 care, i". Features. 2. food. 
3. a cocoanut tree; cf, sad 

Zai) si's rfS 3=5 carkhanesire, .?. A 
female's cloth with inter- 
woven flowers. 

2Je)Si)r^ carvaka, adj. Sceptical. 

2. sophistical. 3. opposed to 
the Hindu scriptures. — ■^^ 
scepticism, t^^r^ a sceptic; 
a sophist. 

t55)t/ cal^, .y^<? 2^^- 2. .s^^ See 
— eiefe^ behaviour. 

Ztf^e^r^^r?! calageni, 5-. Rent for 
one year. — 8ael3 a written 
agreement for one year's 

£5^'J3^^ calak^, s. Dexterity, 
cleverness. —T^^-Ii:) a dex- 
terous man. 

tj'sS cali, s. Nature. 2. habit. 

3. conduct. 4. scorn, mockery, 
scoffing. — ^j^0S|?j to mock. 

t^DCi^^ calipuni ('^s5), 7'. a. To 

mock, ridicule, jest. 
25"i;©^d calimara, ^. The tree 

Ocimicm gratissimum. 
s:5!)€)c5j caliye, j"^^; sitC)-:^. 

t^S^Pv* calis^, ?2w;;z. Forty, adj. 

Weak or near sighted, i-. A 

pair of spectacles. 
L5d£)„, Xant) calti, caldi, «^/. Of 

daily occurrence, practical. 

j-. A routine of business. 
t3^^Q cavadi, .y. An open hall, 

or veranda in front of a house. 

J I 

i^;j cava 


^k>^ cit\;i 

2, a public place where busi- 
ness is transacted. 3. a lodg- 
ing place for travellers. 4. 
a demon shrine, 

t5e)ds; cavala, ste 'dria. 

23e)§^^ calipuni, see e^DsS^S). 

tSoriC) cing^ara, s. Ornament, 
decoration, embellishment; 
beauty; deL ^^oT^xi. 

zSohO cingiri, s. A kind of fish. 

eSoA ^ ciuglike, s. A large kind 


of ape. 


L or 

rJu , (J. 

25oZco?;=^6 cimcimsakkare, i"^^ ^ 


^oWS^D.ot cintakrante, s. A 
man overwhelmed with sor- 
row or anxiety. 

z2-o3i;^0cc! cintamani, s. A fabu- 
lous gem which gratifies its 
possessor's wishes. —4^^ a 
book on omens. — -^o^ an 
incantation supposed to grati- 
fy one's desires. — ■^Jiii) a kind 
of pill. — cdjo^ a talisman. 

t&oi cinte, i". Thought, reflec- 
tion, consideration. 2. dis- 
tress, grief, sorrow. 3. an- 
xiety, care, uneasiness. — "^o 
5&^Si to be anxious or sor- 
rowful. —■d:>o^^^ to reflect; 
to care. 

^&oQ cindi, i". A rag. 

?§o&a cindidi, «^. Spotted. 

— -do^raS a spotted turban of 

black or red colour. 
^cT^ cinna, j. Gold. 

^cc^'3^ cinnali, s. An immodest 
<?;' incontinent woman. 

Zco^ cimpu, j"^^ elecb. 2.^^^ 
ei^. 3. a bunch, cluster, e^ 
tSsI- a bunch of plantains. 

£&o^j cimma, see ^^. 

2^t5* cikiji, /«//'. Fie! 

e^^^o^ cikijriji, i'^^ 8lK5, aK5. 

2^^d cikara, ^^t: ele^'-d. 

^S:^^^ cikini, «(^'. Tender, young, 
small, s. A chicken. — ^^o 
a piece of tender, boiled 
arecanut. — '^'jaeD a young 

e§^l cikitse, s. The practice of 

Z^=g^, cikku, i'^^ S^,. 

z§=^ cikka, «<^*. Little, young, 

small, short. 
Z§5^,rl cikkani, see eio^rori. 
^§3■^,r^ cikkasi^, s. A cash, trifle. 

— rf trifling, worthless. — rf 

2002^, a mean disposition, 
e^^cikke, ^. A dwarf; the name 

of a man. 
Z§^J?^^§ ciknoli, ^. A syringe. 

^§r5*J cig-ute, i". A slit of a leaf, 
e^c- het. i>7(. 

zSa^d^ cig^ri^, ^. A sprout, bud, 

Zijrf uo^, tariodo^ cig-^runi, cigu- 
runi (e^KS, sJaoSj, z'. ;/. To 
sprout, bud, germinate. 

^a^i®r^;* cigalisijt, s. A method of 
treating diseases by oils and 
ointments. 2. see s^'S-^- — ■j^j 
•^o^r-j to treat a patient by 
that method. 

eSb^ citij, s. The influence of 

"i&kf citiji 


Za^ cini 

evil eyes, —zisri:)^ to be af- 
fected by evil eyes. 

^^b'^s', 2^e3^, 2^£l citijk^,citiki, 
citka, s. A snap of the fingers. 
2. a pinch, as of snuff. — ^rozio 
S) to snap fingers. 

zoii citi, see ele^. 

Zcliz^li citiciti, s. The throbbing 
pain of a boil, when suppurat- 
ing or forming. 2. a crash- 
ing or crackling noise. 

^^13 eittij s. A small spot or 
speck, adj. Spotted, speckled. 

2^^ citte, s. The foundation or 
platform of a house. 2. the 
register of a land. 3. a 
rough, daily account. — ?jc;20 
5 the registered number of 
a land. 

2&k^ citte, adj. Small, little. 
—^'^rij?)^ a small man. — t^^seQ 
a small cock. 

t§s, Za3^, e^3, 2^1 cita, cita, citi, 
cite, s. A funeral pile. ~^^i, 
the wood for burning it. 
~^^^ the ashes of a funeral 
pile. ~s^7y?zr3 Siva, smeared 
with the ashes of burnt bodies. 

Z&3 citi, see ^B. 

Zj3'3,0 citkara, s. The whirling 
noise of a war-car. 2. the 
notes of superior birds. 

e§3^ cittu, s. A blot or erasure. 
— ci^S a rough copy, draft. 
—■doe^^j^S) to blot, erase. 

e§^ citta, s. Will, desire, wish, 
inclination, disposition, plea- 
sure. — ^^^ correctness of 

disposition, purity of heart. 

— ^^-d as one pleases. 
2§3j,cj cittira, see sl^. 
i^i-^tiF citturli, s. An orange, 
z&^o citya, i'^^ &^^- 

2BA citra, ^. A picture, painting, 
carving. — 7v)t5 a painter. — ^j 
^=^ a painted picture; ap- 
pearances. — <SEaoj a curiosity, 
rarity, wonder. — s8l^^j^oi^^ 
to work wonders; to make 
much of a thing ; to mystify. 

&js=5'J3y citrakuta, s. A moun- 
tain so called, to which Rama 
retired in exile. 

eo:s,2j3ai^j citrabhanu, s. Fire. 2. 
the sun. 3. the sixteenth 
year of the Hindu cycle of 

e§3jdjJ3t; citramula, s. The lead- 
wort, ^csg— rose-coloured 
lead-wort, Plumhago rosea. 
sS^^o^— the Ceylon lead-wort, 
Plumbago zeylanica. 

^7S^^N=CT a,, tal, citranakshatra, 
citre, s. The fourteenth lunar 

z§3^^r3rDo citrapiirnaini, ^. 
The full moon of the first 
lunar month "^i^j, which is 
observed as a holiday. 

'ih^'^^ citlipuli, s. A kind of 

2^dj cidra, see ^rfj. 

Z^^C)oU cinimitti, adj. Trifling. 
— ^ej?i trifling work. 

^§^^■36, 2jf^S3s)(3F cinivare, cina- 
varde, s. A money-changer, 

t^f^ cinna 


'i&'D cilia 

jeweller. Sasi^roar^ money 
changing, dealing in jewelry. 

tJfj, cinna, see 2^0^. 

ta^i^ej* cinpiti^, see eJ^so^^. 

cipuliji, cipulijikotte, cipulotte, 
s. .The poisonous seed of the 
drug Cocculus suberosus. 

2j^,d cippale, see <§3id 2. a 
clamp used for torture. 

Za^ cippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
2. an oyster shell. 3. a pearl ; 
also S^. 

'ihh A cippige, s. A tailor. 

2o:^ cippu, s. A crust, scurf, 

2§20J, cibbu, s. White spots on 
the body ; also ^Js^- 

2o:SJje3, zdiDoei cimati, cimiti, s. 
Tongs, tweezers, pincers. 

z^^J2/§^j cimicimi, adj. Faint. 
_5ji)id prattle. — sSjs^Ov^ a faint 

a&Sj.o=3'o^ cijnukuni (sl^o^), v. a. 
To press, throng, throb. 2. to 

^&sjJJ^a:^oo cimucimu, adj. Ner- 
vous, weak. 2. throbbing, 
painful. — 23ej3 pain caused 
by a slight wound ; a nervous 
pain; throbbing. 

2§u cira, ^. A long time. adj. 
Lasting, durable, firm. — ^e^ 
a long time, always, ever. 
-2S?.3, 8l^c25?s long lived; a 
crow; a younger member of 
a family. 

2§C^ ciravu, see 'i^^-d^. 

2^0"e)=ff*^ cirakij, .r. A lamp. 

z§£2^0ciriciri, s. Gabble, babble. 
2. drizzle. 3. a certain game 
played by boys, tip-cat. -20?ir 
a drizzling rain. — 3::idouj^ to 

2&^r cirka, see ^'Sf. 

2^'iF cirke, see S^r. 

t^ir^Q cirtepili, i". A leopard. 

tSsdreS cirpale, see el^d 

2^;jr cirve, adj. Tender, green. 

2ae:*oii) cilumbi, s. The fire bowl 

of a hooka. 
2& 23^=5*, 2^s;^cil^ku, cilk\i, s. Lift- 
ing, raising; a push. 2. the 
catch or bolt of a window. 
^o^_ a wooden pin used in 
playing at tip-cat. 
e^Qoti, 2a0;3j, 2^6^ cilimbi, ei- 
lime, cilme, s. A small tank ; 
2. j-^^ sIS'os!). 
z3-C>^e/ cilili^, see 8a^?6. 
2^e^oSe)F^ ciluvana, ^. The odd 
money, over a round sum. 
adj. Little, small, trifling, 
mean, low. 
Z§s3 cile, s. A fishing rod. 
Z§e;05^ cilkuni {^'^i), v. a. To 

lift up. 2. to flay. 
2§o* cill^, s. A small round 
piece, a piece for playing at 
draughts. I.see si?? • 
2&^6 cillare, i". Small money, 
change, trifle. adj. Little, 
trifling. -©oaS a petty ware- 
shop. — ^elr trifling or contin- 
gent expenses. — ^a?i little 

2^^D cilia 


a&^d cira 

work. — cd:^ a man of inferior 
mind, a simpleton. — ^^^ 
mean understanding. 
s^cjs, 2c23 cilia, cille, see sSs^a. 

t^€) , z^23 cilli, cille, ^. A leaf 
stitched t'r folded in the form 
of a spoon or funnel. 2. a 
kind of cucumber. — ^e3 
scattered, dispersed; c/. £i^ 
i;«3. _:&)yj,^ to stitch a leaf 
into the form of a spoon. 

zSS^s:* cillilii, ^. The screech of 


an eagle. 
2^23^5 cilleli, s. A sharp stick 


to dart a fish with. 

2/js;^?^ cilvana, see elejjss?::'. 

2^?, ?^^2^^ ci, cici, t'nlj. Fie! 

25^0=^0, 2^^0-S-O ciiikari, cinkiri, 
s. The stalk of a cocoanut 
leaf. 2. thin splitters of bam- 
boo used for stitching leaves 
elc. together ; also S?c^Q. 
,?jec-S-5. — iiej 4 a kind of cake. 

z&^o25^o cincin, s. The chirping 
of birds. -i£J 4. — -^^ a 

00 sS 

spongy cake; c/. eijsoi^jso. 

&3?c8loos;^jK ^iucjijscli ^o^ the 

cincin cake has many [liL | 

300) eyes or holes. 
2^^o2^o^ ciQcuni (eie-'c^"), v. n. 

To chirp. 2. to be scorched, 

Z^^olio^ cintuni, see ^eouo^. 
a&^o^^ cintuni (2^e=§), ^'. «. To 

burn. 2. to roast as a fruit. 
tS^o^, za^o^ cimpi, cimpu, J. A 

bolt, bar, latch. 2. a kind 

of sail. 

zd^^u';^ cikade, s. A kind of 

'ixs^'z'C cikara, adj. Not pungent; 

2^^^d3 cikari, see ele^^raS. 

2j^k3*, 2c? 13 citu, citi, s. A note, 
short letter. 2. a bill, bond. 
3. a ticket, label, stamp. 4. 
chintz, coloured cloth. s5oa 
&3l- a shop-bill. ys:s^— a 
postage stamp. ^e^— a 
transfer deed, a mortgage of 
title-deed, scoc^— a bill of 
exchange. — ^3^4» to paste 
a stamp, —v.-zt^ to Avrite a 

Zc^FJ cina, ^. The empire of China; 



-?!/ ACj 


paper. -!::3:£o a Chinese. 
~z:i>^ a kind of medicine. 
—■dxjoEl a kind of pepper. 

2c?^ cini, «^'. Chinese. — ^o?ja 
a telescope. — ^s^ialum. — ssa 
a blue light. — ^^^ a 
kind of music, used especially 
among Muhammedans. —-tL"^^ 
white sugar. 

Zc^^S^JS^^o cinekolu, s. A music 
band of Maplas. 

"Mh, 2c?^ cipi, cipu, see eleob. 

2a?^ Cipu, s. A wedge, wooden 
peg. 2. a comb <?;* cluster of 
plantains. Z.see'i^^os^. 4,. see 

Zff^djsa cimari, s. A loathsome 

zJ^d cira, ^. Lead. 2. bark, rind. 

3. a cloth made of bark. 

tS^rf cira 


S^JS cu 

ta^drfj ciravu, s. A bag, purse, 

zB^^F^ cirnike, s. Carved or 
chiselled workmanship. — oa 
o5o an artist. — eoois^^^^ to 
carve, chisel. 

2S?dJ3F cirlo, s. Responding to 
a call in a game. [^jf, 

2^^0^ cil^,^. A split, splinter; dcL 

aJ^eSo* cileru, i". Forced converts 
to Mohammedanism. 

s^j cu, see ^j^. 

■s^jo^ cunka, see Tioo^. 

s^ooA«)r^ cung-ani, s. A tobacco- 
pipe. 2. j-^^ £io5i)jr5. 

s^jorij^ cungudi, i". A trifling 
sum, odds, small coins, 
change. 2. anything of little 
value. — ecTOo^ a petty trade, 
— Tdse; a trifling debt. 

Z^oof^ cunge, s. A kind of rice. 
2. awn. 

sioo^^oo cumcum, ^<?^ eioSoeioSo. 

z^oors cunna, ^^<e 7ioof>©. 

Z^oocli cunnei, ^. A kind of cloth. 
2. scab, scurf. 3. shabbiness. 

■E^ooZJjd cumbana, s. Kissing. 

2;^josjo cumma, see aioSotioSo. 

z^JoOSjs^oooSj cunyicunyi, s. The 
hissing noise of a heated 
metal dipped into water. 

t^os^zio^ cuk^cukiji, s. Chirping 
of birds. 

2:^j^s)r§, 2:^j^'3,r!i cukani, cukkani, 
.y. The rudder, helm of a ship. 

t^ortjjl cugude, s. A smart man; 
also ^^oB. 

z^jrfo'^ cuguli, J. The rind of a 

fruit or vegetable. 
zidzi:> ^J cuccuku, see -cio^iio^. 


'2^:i'd:i^ cuccuni {^'^''^), v. a. To 
pierce, bore. 2. to bite; c/. 

z^oei cuti, ad/'. Smart, clever. 

2. sharp, pungent. 

2^dU, cutta, ^. A cheroot, cigar. 
z^oei, cutti, s. A span. 2. see 
t^ofeo. 3. j^^ eiotio^o. 

eiorfj cudra, j^^ e;^^- 

s^j^o^eiosl:^ cumy.cum^, -s-. Pain 
caused by the sting of an 
insect. 2. sleeping of the 
hand or leg; c/. 23-6x>z^rii:>. 

2^j^oj?^, z^jrfo cumula, cumla, 


see Qio-^o . 
2^oo302^oo3v) cuyicuyi, see eioooso 

2^odJ=^o curuku, s. Quickness, 
haste, speed. 2. sharpness. 

3. zeal, activity, adj. Quick, 
vigorous, zealous. 2. vivid. 
—z:)-:)^ quick understanding, 



g^jdjdods) curucuru, i-. A hissing 
noise caused by frying, burn- 
ing, eie. 

Z^o^s;^ culaka, adj. Light; c/. 

z^os^ cuvu, see ^js- 

2^0 § cull, see ?i^^. 

s^o^, culli, i-. The plant of Bar- 

leria obovata. 
2^J3 cu, ^. Setting on a dog. 2, 

driving a dog away, ^.see ^ss>. 


2;oJ3o cun 


s§^, cette 

2^J5o cum, sec tioSosioSo. 

S^J3e3, :;aJ3£jj cuti, cutu, ^. Es- 
caping from the grasp in 
wrestling. 2. aim; device. 3. 
perception. 4. cessation from 
work, leisure. 

2^J3^ cute, see ^j^^- 

^J^d cuda, s. The lock of hair 
left on the head at the time 
of tonsure. sijszss^^r the 
ceremony of tonsure. 

ziJzjd, "^Jiidi^ cuda, cudaga, s. 
A kind of gold bracelet. 

s^jscs^dori) cudamani, ^. A jewel 
worn in a crest or diadem. 

^JSiQ> cudi, s. The coil of a rope. 
2. a bundle, as of fagots, 
betel leaves eic.\ also ^jsS. 

s^JSC^o cudu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. zeal. adj. Hot, warm. 

ZaJtid cude, see eijatS. 

Z^j^£^ cuni, s. The front, van. 
2, strength. <2;(^". Former. 
<2^t'. Before. 

z^JSrSo cunya, ^^6' ?ij3r®o. 

s^jaD curi, ^. A knife, small 

s^ijo curu, s. A piece, bit, 
small fragment. — -^^ok^ to 
pulverise, cut into small 
pieces or bits. — eijsTroLa to 
break to pieces. 

siJSr^r curna, s. Powder, dust, 
any pulverised substance, 
medicinal powder. 2. see ^js 

S^JS© culi, see eSj3ee3. 

elorirS ceag-ani, i". A friend. 2. 

z§oci^ cendu, i". A ball. — /^jsaoo,^ 

to play with ball. 
'^oZ^^jOA cand^mallige, s. A 

species of clustered jasmine. 
'iiow^dct'^ cendaduni (eSczroS), v. 

a. To play with ball. 2. to 

destroy, ruin. 
slod cende, s. A large drum; a 

kettle-drum. — tS.'^yj,^ to beat 

a drum. 
elodsjjrf cendemara i'. The tree 

Cerberaodollam\ also ^c'd-^xi. 

— 3j 831^ its poisonous seeds. 
sSoddJOS? cendemuIi,^^^e=tSidx)'9. 
Ecodsj* cendel^, ^^f ^s:^^. 
z§o^^'303a cennanayi, j-^^ £io?i 

elo^ cenne, ^^^ e^ofS. 

2lo^20JSdj cenneburu, see eiopra 

z§o2ws2ceinbate, s. A coppersmith. 

sloWJ cembu, s. Brass, latten. 
2. a small copper or brass 
pot. — "^^^3 ^ coppersmith. 

2i^^ cekk^, see es^^. 

sl^s^ej' cekkatiji, adj. Thin, lean. 
z§=CT,55or cekkarme, see ^"^^^Sof. 
z§-o% cekki, see si-Sv. 


s§-a,, 21=^ cekki, cekke, s. A 

chip, split, splinter. 
zl^^j, 2ooa cekkubandi, J<?6' zi^'oiaoca. 
'd'i,^ cekkeliji, see '^^§^6. 


z§e3, cetti, see si^.. 
s§^ cette, see '^a^. 

2l^ cedi 


z§is3 ceile 

2§a cedi, see e^a. 

2§33, ceppe, s. A splinter, chip, 
slice, paring, 2. disappoint- 
ment, failure. adj. see ^i^S^. 
_£f?:^, _aDj3-dos) to fail; to 
rest, lie down. 

•Sftuf ceradu, s. The ear. — ^f^ 

5 L^eo&a^S) to twist the ear. 
slOri cerige, .y^^ £^5^. 
si 6 cere, see ti-6. 
zSsSr cerce, see zizir. 
2§"c^r cerbi, j-^j^ z^^s^f. 
zSsJF cerva, ^^^ s^'cio. 
zl^^ celave, r7<^". Damp, moist. 

2§sjjS=^ celuvike, .s. Beauty, 

2§e;osS celuve, s. A beautiful or 
handsome man. 

^§£3^ eJ cellata s. Scattering, dis- 
co ■ ° 

persing. 2. spilling, shedding. 
2l2;o^ celluni (^fj, 7-. ^. To 

sprinkle. 2. to spill, shed. 

z'. n. To spill, drop, shed. 
z§2JOuO celvayi, i'. Dyed cotton. 
zIsS celve, see Ele/o;S. 
sl^ ce, 5if<? s^e. 
2§^=^6 cekare, ^^^ ^^^"5. 
e§^^, zS?^, cete, cette, .y^^ ^°^' 
2§^a cedi, J'^^ ■•^eS. 

'&^^ cen^, i". An awl, chisel. 

adj. Even, smooth. — sjSTli^ 

to chisel. 
2l^^?d cetana, i"^^ '&^t>. 
'SsV^'^., zl^df^ cedana, cedane, see 

s§^a cedi, J-. One of the fiftysix 
countries of the Hinduwriters. 
2§^^ cen^, see eSeFs. 

el^sjoris:* cepangel^ji, ^^^^ Curv- 
ed, inclined; cf. i?7jo:R6. 
"^^"^ cepu, see ^e^. 

2S?e;=^3l celakade, s. The Indian 
turnsole, Tiaridiiim Indicum. 
2l^s3 cele,- ^^^ ^?«5. 

s§^e3J3o(^ celgondi, i". The sting 

of a scorpion. 
z§^53j?o(SsJod celgondimara, ^^^ 

2:§^;^ cevu, .y^^ ^^e^- 

2§^^, ceshte, J". A grimace, trick, 
gesture. 2. jest, mockery, 
joke. ^0— ridiculous gri- 
maces. — 7^t3 one who makes 
grimaces, a jester, mocker, 
wag ; a humorist. — -rfj^Ov^^ to 
make gestures, to mock; to 

2le^^ cel^, see o?f. -eoXo ?:I4 
a kind of sport. 

E§^ cei, see s^s. 

sl^^?^, ^A^r^c ceitana, ceitanya, s. 
Strength, liveliness, vigour, 
animation. 2. life. — zrooSo, 
— zSoi a vigorous man. —"^^io 
rfo^ to lose strength. 

'&\^ ceitra, s. The first lunar 
month, corresponding to 
March- April. 

z§:,o ceila, see ^Ip. 

2§^C) ceili, see t^^. 

s§^s3 ceile, ^. A pair of large 


£§J3o£3 conti 


2§J5^k]j COtu 

z§J3ol3 conti, see 2^>®^- 

s§J5o^a compudi, s. Copper 
powder. 2. verdigris. Z.see 

2§J3o2J^ combate, see eSoeofeS. 
z§J3c2oy,€j*combattalij, s. Brazen 

pot and plate. 
zIjSoWj combu, see ziceo. 
S§X=CT, cokka, adj. Pure, genuine. 

2. neat. — £3.?^^ pure silver. 
z§J3=CT,y cokkata, adj. Neat, 

choice, agreeable. eSjs^^^/^ 

beauty, handsomeness. 
zlj5=^s3 cokkale, see d©??^. 2. .y^^ 

2§J3^"3,y cokkata, see ^j&'S^ki. 
S§J3=5^o, cokku, adj. Stupid, silly. 

— sSja^^ -well riped. 
2§JS#, cokke, s. A stupid man. 

slj^rio* cogarii, «^'. Astringent. 

-efbs) to be astringent, to 

have an acrid taste. 
2|j3y, cotta, s. A Pariah's hut; 

also sSja^B. ^^■. ^^^ eSjsWo^. 
T^J^U, cotti, J. A woman with a 

maimed hand. 
sIjsL'o cottu, --z^/'. Handless, 

maimed or deformed in the 

2§J3^ cotte, s. A man with a 

maimed hand. [of Pariahs. 
^J5^,^ cottete, s. The headman 


2lJ3r2oh^o3o conanginayi, s. A 

zljJrlo€, s§J3cl coninke, conke, 

s. The scab of itch etc. 

z§J5^ coppi, ^. A cap, hat. 
2§J33^ coppu, 5^^ ©=|^. ;5js4^. 

z§J5s:ire3* corpati^, ^4/. Loose or 
thin, as cowdung eic. 

2:§J5^r corpu, ^t?^ £^5=5- 

£§J3^r^ corpuni, see ^jsj^f^^)- 

colake, colike, colke, columpe, 
see dji^e. 

s§JSs3 colle, adj. Halt, crippled. 

_7^A a hyaena. 
sIjs^o^ct^, coiikattu, ad/. Lank, 

lean, thin. — ^-soLsi to become 

zljseo^s'ij conkara, ^^^ e^jaXS. 

2§J5^o=CTO conku, see Ai&^o^o. adj\ 

see e^jse^o. 
zIjsi^o'S'o^ conkuni, .y^^ ^?j3o). 

2ljt)^oz& conci, ^. The beak of a 

S§JS^oyo contu, see e^jspyo. 
s§J3^c^ conte, ^t'6' ?5jsoo63. 

2§J3^=ctO coku, <3;(;/7. Sapless, un- 
fruitful; exhausted, old. s. An 
unfruitful or old tree. 

s§J3^=^JS© cokoli, ^. A merry, 

s§J3^r(o^ cogaru, .9^6^ zS^saS. 

zSjs??^ cog-e, s. A leaf or branch 
of a palm tree ; bet. i^js???. 

zlja^^D cota, adj. Short, small, 

2lJ3?eio, z§JS^£io, cotu, cottu, s. A 
span from the tip of the 
thumb to that of the fore- 

sSj^^a codi 


•^0) coudi 

.z§J3^a^, s§J2^cl codika, codya, 
s. A curiosity. 2. surprise. 
adj. Curious, wonderful. —Z^ 
h?> to wonder, to be surprised ; 

slJS^sJe:;^, copattu, s. A kind of 
pitching or calking a boat. 
— ^jaljr^, — sjD'rfoc'a to calk a boat 
with a mixture of tallow (sSjs 
©^) and chalk. 

'dJv^oJD^'^ copavuni, see ^j3?3j3 

sIjs^^ copu, see ^?^. 

s§J3^o2 cope, s. A scrap, scratch. 

2§js^03j coyi, s. Milk. -S^S) to 

suck the breast. 
■zlJS^dej^ corat^, see djsTjF^. 

2§J3^Crs corana, .?. A festoon of 
leaves and flowers, hung over 
the door-way or across the 
highway on a joyful or 
triumphant occasion, a tri- 
umphal arch; deL ^-sj'rfc©. _^ 
^S) to put up a festoon. 

-sSjS^rfs^j, ZcJS^Ocoratana, cori, s. 

Theft, robbery. _ -^j^Ok^i to 

steal, rob. 
•2|J3^6 core, s. A thief, robber, 

2|J3^© coli, .5. Skin, bark, rind. 

—■R^^ to peel, skin, pare off. 
■sIjs^qS cole, see eIjs^. 
"tljs^^d^s^, 2:§J5^^D-5)2^o coladesa, 

colarajya, s. The Coromandel 

coast; the ancient kingdom 

on the Kaveri delta. 
:t5^oeio countu, see i^okix 

if^oeJ^^) countuni (s^'^oS), r'. a. 

To pinch, nip. 
if^oo^ coundi, j'^c s^iSjooCi. 

tj^=5^ couka, ^. A square. 2. the 
linga box. adj. Square. — '^o 
£§ a square stool. — rf^r a 
square piece of cloth. £^— 

z^^^b^, coukattij, s. A door- 

oj^^^, tf^^c^ coukadi, coukani, 
adj. Quadrangular, .y. A quad- 

t5^=CT?i coukasa, see ?fe-rf5s^. 

i5^=CT^ coukali, adj. Square, s. 
An earring set with four 
pearls. —^^'S a female's gar- 
ment with small square pat- 

'i^'5Drf,t^'SD7i coukasu, couka- 
sa, see zi^^D^. 

tf^-S- couki, s. A railed veranda, 
pial. 2. a watch-house. — crao 
a guardsman. 

t?3^os? coukuli, see ei^^'^. 

z^^ couke, s. A stool, chair. 

Z^-a\& coukkilu, s. A kind of 
earring; c/. t5^&<^. 

^5^kS0, COUtu, ^^^ ?3'3olio. 

zf^csDO^ caudal^, s. A square 

z^^f\ coudige, ^. A one-stringed 
guitar formed by a small 
barrel, open at one end and 
covered with a skin at the 
other. 2. a peculiar kind of 
neck-ornament. 3. a kind 

:J^5 couta 


d'4; chala 

of ear-ring. — na:^:) a man 
XDlaying upon such a guitar. 

c^^ijj^ coutatuni (ii^©13). v. a. 

To sing a lullaby. 
i?5^ couti, see tz-^t^F. 

t5^5Jd coupada, ^. A quadruped. 

2. a kind of verse. 
itf^d coura, ^. Shaving; deL 

Ll^c#, eJ^ -^^5^ J courage, coura- 
daye, s. A barber. 

cJ^a couri, s. The tail of the 

yak. 2. a fly-brush. 
l^-D coula, ^^^ '^^2;. 
t^O couli, see -^^c. 

2a^^ coula, adv. At once. — ?i 
4'-?::i:> he went at once, —tf^^? 
again and again, one after 

•i^^ws:^:i coulikayi, see 2i4'95D 


£j^°^j coulu, see i^4f- 


^ cha, s. The twentieth letter of 
the alphabet. 

^orf chanda, see d^oTi. 
^2j<^jy chatachata, see E^yeiy. 

^eje)^ chatala, s. The noise of 
a slap or lash. — sos^os) to 
beat cr strike heavily. 

^Cie)S^ chadavu, see e^zss^- 

cp^'S^ chadali, s. A stupid fel- j 

&i^ chadi, i-*?^ £iS. 

(H^i^ chatra, s. An umbrella; also 
^«j. 2. an inn, choultry, rjjjc, 

^3^0 3 C chatrantara, i'. Wander- 

^3^^5Ja chatradhipati, s. A king, 

sovereign. oSo?^'— an emperor. 

di>, chatri, 5-. A barber. 2. see 

^33Do5o:^^ chapayisuni (efJ^jsosj 
cJ), v. a. To conceal, secrete. 
2. to deceive, defraud. 


GiJ^jDd, chapavu, s. Concealment, 
secretion. 2. absconding. 3. 
deceit, fraud, —^t^ to ab- 
scond. — Tii^Ov^r" to conceal. 

ejsj chappa, ^^t^ ^^. 

^^ofj chappanna, ?2/^w. Fifty- 
six. —i°-i fifty-six countries 
enumerated by Hindu writers. 

^tj =5* chappaka, adv. Backwards, 
on the back. -si^^JS* to fall 

^ti Sfi chapparig-e, see t-t^T(. 

^si S^^ chapparipuni, see -d-t^ 

(^dejjd characliara, see ti-rfs^-rf. 

^^ chala, ^. Fixed purpose, 
firmness, determined resolu- 
tion. 2. obstinacy. — ^ ^-"^ 
exceedingly obstinate. — sroa a 
resolute or obstinate person. 
—T^^t perseverance in a pur- 

ej<y chala 


^^a chedi 

pose. -3i^r^, —Tid'^j^^ to be 
obstinate; to persevere. 

^^^^ chalaku, see £i<^^. 

^^qje^ chalachala, s. Glitter; 

e^-^ chali, see ^^■ 

ep-^Q, chadi, see e^a. 

e3D3 chati, ^. The breast, bosom. 
2. courage, bravery. — -s^o^ a 
brave man ; a bold trader or 

opu!)^ chadara, s. A silk garment, 
a shawl. 

ejs^p^, Q^D^k chanas^, chanasi, 
s. Being peculiar or singular 
in what one does ; nicety, 
fastidiousness. 2. accuracy, 

^DhTi.^ chapisuni (V'^-c^), I'.a. 
To stamp, seal. 2. to print. 

e3e)^ chapu, see ^^4- 

(sp^, !sp^t chapu, chape, s. A 
printing press. 2. a shop. 

(^o3j, 9^o3j chayi, chaye, .y. 
Shadow, shade. 2. colour, 
tint, dye. 54^- black colour. 

^oa chindi, see ^oa. 

^0^ chinna, (tdj. Cut, divided. 

«po?ro£po^ broken, fractured, 
as a limb. 

^dj chidra, ^. A hole, vacuity, 
perforation. 2. flaw, defect. 
3. disaster, trouble. 4. sor- 
cery, witchcraft. -crooSo a 
sorcerer, wizard ; a defective 
man. —Ti:>^\^ to assume an 
air; to bewitch, enchant. 
A-50— domestic quarrel or 

23^, ^^^^ chi, chichi, tnij. Fie! 
_.3ia^ fie, fie, it is bad. -^^oss 
fie, you rogue! 

<^:i^ chudra, adj. Small, little. 
2. low, mean. s. Smallness; 
baseness. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft; deL '^^'^■ 

1^0 A chudre, ^. A base man. 2. 
a sorcerer. 

^^d> cheda, ^. Loss, ruin. 

^^d), ^^rffS cheda, chedane, s. 
Cutting, dividing. -ri:>^-\^?^ to 
cut, divide; to circumcise. 
z;a_ a part, fragment; circum- 

e^e£>^c^ chedipuni (2??=^), ^'. '^^ To 
cut, divide. 2. to circum- 

n Ja 


Zio^, jaiti 


2^ ja, The twenty-first letter of 
the alphabet. 

Zio Jam, s. Rust. — ^jsS^c^ to 
become rusty. 

tio^ jank^, see ts^^^^c^. 

2do=a'3N, ZdoUJSfS Jankane, jankha- 
ne, see 3i^'^^. 

tioTi janga, s. Being across, 
transverseness. 2. a ceiling 
of boards ^/^. over a fireplace. 

e;ior\dj jang^ama,^^". Locomotive, 
moveable. 2. of or belonging 
to a Lingait priest. —^-^ the 
residence of a Lingait priest. 
—rise; a debt. Avhich is urgent- 
ly demanded. -tSt^ a move- 
able thing. 

^orl^j Jangame, s. A Lingait. 

tjjori;3o5:iod Jangamemara, see 4f^ 

Siorta^, tiznD^, tioTTi)^ janga- 
1^, jangari^, Jangal^, s. A 
wooden platform placed on 
boats. — xie3^ the rafts of a 
ferry boat to carry large or 
heavy things. — ^'^ a green 
colour, the subacetate of lead. 

2^o?T303j jangayi, see eicA^oso. 

zaoh jangi, s. Force, compulsion, 
oppression, — -■rfsgtl)^ to force; 
to plunder, pillage; to rebel. 

Ziof\, uc-^ jange, janghe s. The 
calf of the leg. 2. an old 
man. — &fx)-rfo^ the calf of the 
leg to be disjointed. 

tioh Jangli, s. A forest, jungle, 


waste land. adj. Wild. — ^e^s 
s5 the forest department. 

t!io2S="Soaj Jannayi, see eicT^oso. 

Zioti6, tioZdO Janjara, janjari, s. 
Fetters. -3=-5Sj?;^ a bail for 
a prisoner. 

tioe^d janJara, adj. Serial, ordi- 
nal. — nc8o5 serial numbers. 

tio'iSDli Janjata, s. Trouble, an- 
noyance, grief. 

tiot3e)c3 Janjara, see 7iciS7)-:3. 

Ho'iSDO janjali, s. A wall-piece 
or long swivel gun. 2. flatter- 
ing, fawning. 

ZiotZD^ Janjale, s. A talkative 
man; a boaster. 

tioZdOo jamjum, s. x\ sound, utter- 
ance. — ^i^eo^^ he does not 
say a word. 

2^0^ jandu, see -o5. 

Ziod Jande, s. Delay. 2. a 
tassel on the tail of a tiger 
in a masquerade. 3. an 
ensign, standard, flag. — '^ 
^o>^^) to hinder, stop. rd\ofi. 

Hom^tiot^ Janniijann^, see ^-^f^ 

tio^ janta, s. Ivory, the tusk of 
an elephant. 2. see ^o^. 

•i^o^ii Jantaga, s. A halter-band- 


A kind of 

WosD*^ jantarij, s. 

Zioo janti, s. A rafter, a piece 

of timber crossing a rafter. 

2i3^j jantu 


Zir{ Jaga 

tio:^o.jantu,5'. A creature, animal. 
2. a worm. 

tioljante, see dioS. 
tios jantra, see cdoo^. 


tioa jantri, i". A calender. 2. 

a table of interest. [TSjaf . 

tio^^6J3s?^ janniroli^, see &!o20o^e 

tio?S janne, ^. A burnt offering. 

ccioSjrfou tdosS^jrf Jampamara, 

jampemara, see ^soo^o. 
tdos33i)°T;^ jampetala, s. A mode of 

beating time in music 
2^5020 Jamba, see di(D2^. 

tioZjti, z^iozciDd jambara, jambara, 

s. An affair, business. — ctooSj 

a busy man. — S?5?J3^?i to 

finish a business. r^^. 

tio2C0S3D^* jambukhanu, see Sid^^ 

2sio20oa,^sj jambudvipa, s. India. 

buniroIijL, jambuniroli, j". The 
rose-apple, Syzigiiuii jambo- 
lanuDi. 2. Jamhosa malac- 

tdozoo^jJSD jambumuri, s. An 
• offensive smell. 

230 Wo Jambuli, s. A kind of 
basket made of date leaves. 

tdoEjj jambha, s. Pomp, ostenta- 
tion, display. 2. foppery; 
also &o2pDy. rindra. 

tiiozpDS jambbari, s. A name of 

tdoe^ Jambhe, .$■. A giant. 

tdodo Jamma, ^^^ s^?^^- 

tiosjj^n.jammanige, -9. Headman- 
ship among Pariahs. 2. idle 

t^odj?3 jammane, s. A demon 
priest. 2. a headman of 

t;3=^o jakam, see 2isoSo. 

2Ji=CTr^ jakani, j-^^ &;-S-^r5. 

2d^S 2^=5*,, t:i^a jakki^, jakka, 

tr T7 TO* 

jakkadi, «^//'. Worthy. 2. 
youthful. 3.^^^ s:^^^. -3i^^?2 
a youthful man, — ^■3-^ the 
ruddy goose. — 20j3"rfo^, — -^jblJos) 
to undersell. 
td-^r^ Jakkini, i". A married 
woman who dies in her 
husband's lifetime, and causes 
demoniac possession. 
w=5^j, Jakku, see 3^^^- 
td^D^o, Ci Jakkuli, see ei^o^eS. 


2^=^,]akke, s. Vanity, foppishness. 

-crocSoafop. — crof a coquette. 

—■^t)'€ strut, affectation of 

diginity in walking. — s3ii"Cio 

S> to boast. 
ti=^a*' jakkelu, s. The lap ; 9^. 

^o&o. — ^cdoona to tarry, 

2^^ Jakri, i". Plenty. 

tiii)SJ3^ Jakhamu, .?. A wound. 
— £?l3^ to be wounded, bruised. 
t^ri jaga, ^^^ 3i7i. 

^r!, ^i.J\^_^, "^^^ Jaga, jagattij, 
jagatya, s. The world, uni- 

tirto^i'sq^ JagannStha, s. A cele- 
brated place of pilgrimage. 

earl 0^3^ Jagannatbe, s. The lord 
of the universe. 2. a name of 

Ziji jaga 


tid jade 

zuinii jaga, jaga, see cC^oac^oa. 
^iTi€) jagali, s. An open veranda. 

HT^^, t^rls^L' jagala, jagalata, s. 

Quarrel, fight, dispute. — ao 

^ a vixen, shrew. 
LiriocI jagude, s. An old man. 
tiiiov^ jagulu, see &;a^- 

tiT^ jage, s. A sigh, groan, 
ejaculation; c/. a;;^. — 5uj^s> 
to be unable to breathe, 
to breathe hard. — sooa^?) to 
groan, sigh. 

tiA» jagg^j, s. A kind of small 
fish. 2. delay, postponement. 
~K 3J3cl3^ to delay, —^-^jsci a 
sluggard, lazy fellow ; also ^7^ . 

td?T5 5J:^ Tag^avuni, see ^tvs 4S5. 

seT^ jagge, j". Stooping, bending. 
2. see 3i7^. 3.5-^^ under s^K. 


tdtijji jajjuni (2i2|,), •;:'. «. To 
bruise, squash, crush, pound. 

ti^^si£j^ jat^patij, adv. Smartly, 
promptly, speedily. 

tdej jata, see Sit^. 

2:ibD2jiy, 2^£js)r:!3 jatajata, jata- 
pati, s. Strife, 2. hurry, con- 

ti^DSj-irao-: jatlmamsi, s. The 
Indian spikenard, Nardo- 
stachys jatainansi. 

uV^'S) jatile, i". A hermit, ascetic, 

2^^ jate, see 2iiS. 

tiei jatka, adj. Soon; c/. &cl. 

tiU jatti, s. Awaist-band, belt. 
2. a wrestler, boxer. — ss^a 
a boxers' combat. — /^ a brave 

man; the tutelar god of 
wrestlers. — "sijo-do a pair of 

tddd jathara, ^. The belly, stom- 
ach. 2. womb. adj. Firm, 
hard, &!^c^?^^ digestive power, 

ZiZ^ jadi^, s. Origin, root. -200 
proa the ultimate source. 

^^izi jada, s. Fatigue, weariness. 
2. dullness. adj. Sick. 2. 
dull, stupid. 3. inanimate. 
4. cold. — ^£^ cold weather. 
— Aor® sluggish disposition. 
-^a^ full of dullness, ^^^zs^ 
"^"S a very stupid man. —^ 
e3bs) to stretch oneself. 

tsiSS^oio:::!)^ Jadayisuni, ^^£? &aS;S). 

tiQ> jadi, i'^^ =;^^, 2. .y^^ iiSt?. 

2;jas, Sdcij^ jadita, jadta, s. Ram- 
ming, stufiing. —533:1)^. ^^^ 

z^i^vS jaditi, see oL\oaS. 

t^aSo^, t^as^^, ti^crfjo^ jadipi- 
ni, jadipuni, jadiyuni (s^'S, ^^a 
orf:*), 7;. a;. To ram, stuff, 2. 
to load, as firearms. 2. to 
drive cattle. 3. to rain in- 
cessantly. &a5^o'i?s^4S' to 
drive in, fix. 

tiC^j jadu, s. Apathy. 2. fright, 

tid jade, s. Matted or clotted 
hair. 2. plaited hair. 3. the 
hood of a serpent. —^% a 
kind of cactus. — ^ small, 
circular, ornamented, gold 
plates attached in succession 

tid Jade 


Zi7i< Janma 

Oil or along with a woman's 
plaited hair. — t^jsoiS orna- 
mented tassels suspended 
at the end of a woman's 
plaited hair. — ^«o^ri to fasten 
braided or matted hair. —^ 
z§ in clots, braids. 

tisl^^) jadepuni, see a^ai;^. 

tdzl jadka, adv. At once. 

nz^ jadd^, s. Callosity, hard- 
ness, as of the skin of the 
hand, eh-, from much use; 
also si5 . ad/, see 355 . 

ti^ Jaddi, s. Land subject to be 
overflowed by salt water ; det 

ti^ jadti, see tl\oaS. 

tdr5°'2dc^^ Jan^jana, see n!^o?io!4oFs. 

za^ jata, see &!^. 

2s:^fj Jatana, ^. Carefulness, adj. 

Secure, careful, fast. 
td3 jati, see orfoB. 

2a I Jate, s. A pair, couple. 2. a 
set. 3. equality of shape, size, 
ek. adj. Equal. — as^, — ssoSo 
a companion, colleague. —5 
uo r^ to make a pair. 

2a 4 Jatna, .!r<^^ ccso^^. 

ZiCjuj^, zsidojjj^ Jadaruni, jadu- 
runi, see sid^o^i. 

tsdj Jadra, J. Poverty, want, 
penury, distress. 2. ailment, 
indisposition. adj. Poor, 
indigent, distressed. 2. mean, 
worthless. — creoSo an unfortu- 
nate or worthless man. —'^ 

^^ vulgar speech. — tj^^^ to 
be indisposed. 
2d?^ jana, s. Man, individually 
or collectively; people, po- 
pulation, community. — ■rfji)^ 
persons, both old and young, 
mankind, a;^ ^oe^cr a!Ds| ^oeror 
is it the people or festival 
that attracts most? 

t^oi^w^^ janakabare, i^. A kind 
of plantain tree. 

2df:)T Janake, s. A progenitor, 

tdF^2;JFj janajana, s. Every one. 
— sjsi-rfo^) be talked of by every 

za^ta^a janajanita, adj. Rumour- 
ed abroad, generally known, 

s^c^jd Janana, s. Birth; cf. a^;?^. 
— ■doCfvs birth and death. 

tdr^^ janani, s. A mother. 

Zsj^dot^F^ janaranjana, s. Popular, 
pleasing to people in general. 

tsi^'Sori Janang-a, .?. A nation, 
body of people; generation. 

tdc2"i)3JS"3d Janapavada, s. Public 
censure. 2. disgrace, infamy. 

td^)^^ janipuni (s^^), ^. n. To 

arise; to be born. 
2d^o* janil^, see 7(^6. 

ti'^^DZi janivara, s. The brahmi- 
nical thread. — 333T^j^ to put 
on the brahminical thread. 

Zi^, Janma, s. Birth, nativity, 
state of existence. — ^sl)r, 
— 3:D3i inherent sin. — zlS)^ a 

2ii^i) janma 


n^) jami 

2^(3aLo^?5 Tanmantara, s. Another 


birth. 2. regeneration. 3. 
transmigration. rbef^et. 

t;i^.^^ Janmipuni {^^^), v. a. To 
i:.t> Japa, s. Repeating prayers, 
incantations or the names of 
the gods, as an act of adora- 
tion. —«Jj religious devotions. 
—■dj«)s3, ~7i6 a rosary. — ^Ssg^i, 
— -do^Ox^'^ to pray, to repeat 
prayers, etc. 
^i^l>7i^^ Japasana, see ^esjDPi?^. 

tdoja^^, 2;3?j:^o?jJapipuiii, japisuni, 
(2^^), v.a. To repeat prayers 
etc.^ as an act of adoration. 

ti^iSs)^^ Japudavni, c.v. {of ^ 
^TliS>) To cause to let down, 
to lower. 

ti«$dj^ japuduni, v. a. (3i^5) 
To let down, lower. 

li'L Japti, s. Confiscation, se- 
questration. 2. attachment, 
law. — ■^^o^^) to attach, con- 

uti of\'if jappang'elu, s. Goods etc. 
remaining after selection. 

u^ Jappu, s. Selection, choos- 
ing: Cf. S53is|^. 

^«3) c^Jappuni (fe), I'.a. To open. 
2. to descend, come down, 
alight. 3. to select, choose; 

cf. 893d^^. 8350-S— tO OpCU 

the door. §Sr_ to descend, 
Zitt o* jappelu, s. A descent, 
slope. 2, ebb. 

jabary.j asti, jabar^dast^x Jabari^- 

dasti, s. Violence, force, ur- 
gency; also 2i20^-do3i?i3^. --^ 
^^?i to force; to dun, set on. 

tiWD^^SjjOjjjabar^meyi, s. A stout 

body. adj. Stout. 
^;i^3e)^oo jababu, see aissa. 
2d2ooe;o jabulu, adj. Slack. 
2i2^ jabti, see ^h^. 

^"Cx, tiW;;\ jabbi, Jabbu, s. An old 
woman, a hag. 

tiZOA jabbu, s. Delay, adj. Hol- 
low, empty within, not solid. 
2. old, infirm. 

nA jabbe, s. An old man. 

J am^ikanu, J amakanu, j amakan^, 
s. A carpet. 2. a blanket. 
t;i^:*^^6J5^o Jam^nirolu, see asc 

t^isjo^^ Jaman^i, ^. A kettle. 

2:idje^oa, e;idJ32Joa jamabandi, 
jamabandi, s. Settlement of 
the assessments. ~-^'^^?i to 
settle assessments. 

&i5:^js3''=^j?^ Jamalukotte, s. Cro- 
ton seed. 

t;3^j5=a2^r, ^;JS^3SSJ^S■^Jamakarci, 
Jamakharci, .?. The receipts 
and disbursements, 

ti^J5oaa?jv^ jamayisuni (s^^racoo 
cJ), t'. rt. To collect. 

2dDj^^ Jamipuni (a^^), ^. a. To 
utter incantations, in order 
to gain the favour of an evil 
spirit or demon, or to charm 
it away. 

Zd^j^ J ami 


tid jara 

ZiDJi)^^ jaminy, s. The soil, 
ground, land. — cra^S a land- 
holder, zemindar. 

Zi^xi^^d jamuku, s. Kashness, in- 
considerateness. 2. pride, 
haughtiness; cf. a^:ra^, doi^j^o. 

2;idjJ=^o?i jamukuni (&i^o^), 7'. <3;. 
To brandish. 2. to smack. 
3. to frighten, threaten. 

tisSj Jame, i". A collection , gather- 
ing, assemblage. 2. assess- 
ment. 3. receipts. 4. cogni- 
zance. 5. lurking. 6. over- 
hearing. — ^elr, see ai^re^ 
^F. — ^Ib^ to lurk, spy; 
to overhear; to estimate. 
—■^^j-^^ to collect, gather, 

td^ocj^d Jamedare, s. A native 
military officer. 

tisSo^^ jamepuni (s^^o), v. a. To 
assemble, collect. 2. to rec- 
kon, estimate; to meditate; 
also 3i^5si;^ ^. 

ti^SoO jameri, j-. The hair about 
the body. — ^-^^ a hairy man. 

2;i^JS^dj^ jamniruli, see sicaoos)? 

tdsl),?Sn Jammanye, see ^o-^^. 

tidjo^Jammu, ^^^^ ^o^- 

tiOJj Jaya, ^. Conquest, victory, 
success, triumph. — &;oc!ohail! 
vivat! — tn^^i the sound or 
shout of victory. — s^eS a war- 
drum. — e?lb^ to conquer, 
succeed, gain. 

fciOiio>l jayanti, s. The public 
rejoicing on the birthday of 

a god. -CD^— the festivity 
of Rama's advent. 
ZdOJoOj^ jayamini, see s5^^?). 

e^cdos^ol, ^^coosdO Jayavante, ja- 

yasali, s. A conqueror, victor. 
tiCijd^tiC&dTf jayavijayer^, .?. 

The door-keepers of Vishnu's 

td0332>tdOJj jayajaya, s. Victory 

and defeat. 
tdcOo^a?^ jayinadige, see Si^-^^-R. 
ti03j?S jayine, see i^^??. 

^dO^J^^), 2:io5o?jj^ jayipuni, jayi- 
suni, see ^^4?^. 

t;ioaoo^ Jayilijj see ^j^^. 

ti6 jara, s. Fever. ^Ti6- a 
hectic fever. a^7i.~ a fever 
from morbid heat in the body. 
h^ — bilious fever. ■s^reSrf— 
small-pox. z^-^t— rheumatic 
fever. ?jc^sjs^_ typhus fever. 
?js?_, ^z^— fever with ague. 
— eolbr?) to be attacked with 
fever. — soja^si fever to abate 
or leave. 

2dd jara, s. Old age, decrepitude. 
2. hardness. 

n^'^od Jarakande, s. Enlarge- 
ment of the spleen, ague- 

fcid=^jarakka, see dixij, 

&idtdd jarajara, see eiT^siTi. 

2ddj^ jaradii, adj. Vain, unsub- 

2^d3«)D^, tid^-sO jaratar^, jar ata- 
ri, see &!£)or{. 

^;id?j Jarane, see a*"^. 


ti^i jara 


Uij jala 

tddz^, Zi^DZ^ jarabu, jarab^, see 

ZdD^sjQ jarabari, s. Tall aud 
stout, well-proportioned. 

&iDe)dodr3 jaramarana, s. Old age 
and death; death in old age. 

tdDi)Joc^ Jarasandhe, s. A king of 

ZiO Jari, 5". A precipice, slope. 

2. gold or silver thread or 
lace. 3. cuttings. 4. grit, 
granule. 5! sand. — 20js"do^, 
see aiB4^. 

Zi3^^ jaripuni (s^s), c-. a;. To 
insult, jeer, despise. 2. to 
shake, make tremble; cf. s^& 

ti^c^jj^ jariyuni (3^^), "'. n. To 
fall c'r slip down. 2. to wear 
away. 3. to shiver, tremble. 
—5 aijs-dosi to fall off, drop off; 
to be cut away. 

wdJSdj jaruru, s. Necessity, oc- 
casion, urgency. 2. want. 

3. pressure, adj. Necessary, 
urgent. &;-djs5rf pressing, 
urgent. 2iTijs"do:l) urgently. 

ii6 J are, see ^Ti. 
ti8^?j Jarepuni, see s^a^^. 
tiC,.]arra,«(^^'. Suddenly, quickly. 
—a^TJo^to slide down suddenly. 
Zi=^ jarka, ^^^ s^^?^- 
tiJs/srrsj^ jartonuni, see ^5|^S). 
2i^r jarpu, see ^4^. 
tio^r^ Jarpuni, see 5iQ4^. 2. see 

tiSoor Jarbu, s. Oppression, 

undue authority, overbearing 
conduct. — 7-;)-5 a tyrant, 
oppressor. — tio sj^i-rfos) to 
speak in an overbearing tone. 
—rio ^-sebo) to walk with a 
haughty mien. —rio^x^ to 
show undue authority. 

ti£3^oc3^^ jalvmbevuni (3i€ct3), 
7J. n. To be born. 2. to be 

tiS^^ws:* Jalujalu, adv. Brightly. 
I.see aiofgiof. 

'i^'o jala, ^. Water. — ■§)?!§ sport- 
ing in water. — sro^ water 
beverage. — oijo^ a water- 

tisjs^ jalakii, J-. Glitter, gleam. 
— cSD^j^ to glitter, gleam. 

i^'tf^ jalaka, s. Bathing, ablu- 
tion. — ^^'o^Tj to bathe. 

ti^5a)d;x^ jalakavuni, c. v. {of 
ajejtfoa) To cause to shine. 

2:;o=CT.^ jalakuni i^^^), v.n. To 

2a^r\D6 jalagare, s. A man 
searching for gold in sweep- 
ings, eic. 

tjjos^O, tie;zdosj jalacara, Jala- 
Jantu, s. An aquatic animal. 

z:i^3d, tis^sDc! jalatara, jalatara, 
^. Gold or silver thread, or 
lace. —^ -5^S a turban with 
gold lace. 

Zi^T:f jalad^, see a^es^. 

ti^cjs)d jaladare, see ztzji^S. 

l;3e;^^'5od jalapravaha, s. An 
inundation or stream of 



t3Do-S- janki 

2ds;^°^o:io jalapralaya, s. The 
deluge; a flood. 

t;3^djeJ, lalamatta, s. A level; a 
mason's level. 

ZiZ)^^Z)'u^ jalamalaki^, s. A com- 
plete set of ornaments. 

tdeT3€):iOe)Si, ZdZ7^€>2^dDi)0 jala- 
libilali, jalalibulali, ^. A mas- 
querade at the Moharam. 

tiO^^, tdScdoj?:)Jalipuni,jaliyu- 
ni, see Si^e34^- 

ti€) jaldi, adv. Quickly, speedily, 

t^i^^jalma, see 2::^^. 2 honour. 
—t^S, imprisonment for life- 
time. — w^ri to dishonour. 

^^M jalmatta, see aa^u^. 

t^iOxdJO^, t^<25^4cJ jalmiyuni, jal- 

mevuni {^^^^ ^^d-)' "'• ^^- "^^ 
he horn, come into existence. 

n^ jalla, s. A hoatman's pole. 

tdS Jalli, i". A chaplet of flowers. 
2. anything dangling or hang- 
ing loosely. 3. hoast, hrag- 
ging. 4. broken stones, "^ockio 
si— clothes loosely vs^orn. ^'so— 
a chaplet of flowers ; flowers 
dangling down the head, eie. 
—^£>ii^ ^, _sj;)irfj^ to boast, 
brag, — Si^T^o^ to wear flow- 
ers loosely; to suspend a 
garland of flowers. — N?e^oS) 
flowers to hang loosely. 

ti©cdoo^ Jalliyuni (3^^^,), ?'. ?i. 
To boast, brag. 

Zi6, ti$3uJ2s3 jalle, jalledolle, 

see ^js6 . 

tidrl, td^jfS, zcj^fSc! j avane, javane, 

javanye, s. A youth, young 

javantana, javantana, javandige, 
javandige, ^. Manhood, manli- 
ness, courage, hardiness. 

tidrl), Zi^^ javandi, javandi, s. 
A young woman. 

ti^^ javana, see &^^^f. 

li^'S javali, see a-"^^. 

ti^^ javale, see &"^^. 

ZiS3^a javadi, s. Civet. — rf ^^ 
a civet cat. 

t^j^D^^, 2;i;3i)^ javanu, javane, s. 
A peon. 2. a servant, porter. 

ti^-3Z^, tiZZDi:j javab^, javabu, 
s. An answer, reply. — ^-sLr^ 
to answer, reply. 

2dS3'32J^co3&?^, Zd^DZOjCTaD?^ java- 
b^darig-e, Javabudarige, s. Kes- 
ponsibility, accountability, 
liability. Ksseooca-S a res- 
ponsible man. 

2^4^ javuli, ^^^^ fe'^^- 

tid?^J3^^ javegodhi, j-. Barley. 

'd^^ javvana, s. Youth, virility, 
maturity; det. oi^ri^. _&3 
■rfo^ to fade, get old. 

ti^_^^ javvane, see 3i^?S. 

ti°-?^ jalaka, see ^^'^. 

w4zj°4 jalabala, 5. A noise made 
by agitating water; bubbling, 
as of boiling water. 

Zi^ jalla, see 3io . 

z^cjo-o- janki, s. Prattling, chat- 


23e)or! janga 


23-szi Jada 

t3i;oril3 jangati, see a^Xoa 
es'so.i© jangali, see aiG?x^. 
^SDos?^ jantana, see Sinre^N under 

23i)osJo^ jamparu, see ^ac^ib. 

t3Do2J jamba («^(5r. of'i^-^ ^ti)' 
What will you do? what are 
you doing? 

tSDoJo^ol jambavante, s. The 
king of bears. 2. a fat old 
man ; fern. si^csSeJo a fat old 

e3«>o2od jambave. s. A bear. 2. 
a strong, bold man. 3. a hairy 

2?Do"cin, 23t)od::*?^ jambige, ja- 
mm^ge, s. A flower twig of 
the wild jack. 2. a piece of 
coir rope used for igniting a 
gun, etc. 

23^cz2 jambe ((«/5^/'. of 3:;s^o£3), 
"What is he doing? 

t3i)ot2a* jambelij, «^. Large. 
_^t3 a large breast, 

tSD-ffc^ jakina, s. Regard of per- 
son. 2. partiality. 3. respect, 
consideration. 4. kindness, 
compassion; het. c:^|j^f<2o. 

tJ3=a, jakte, i'^^ SiSAcO. 

23'sn* J%u, ^^ A place, dwelling, 
station. 2. space, room. 3. 
land, ground. 

23e;r(oe5 Jagante, s. A circular 

2J:)/id, zsDriocI J agar a, jagarane, 
s. Waking, watchfulness. 

■~zs;>ii the eleventh day of the 
first half of the lunar month 
Kartika, which is observed 
by the Hindus as a day of 
fasting and wakefulness. — e? 
J^^^) to be awake. — ^o^j s> 
to keep awake. 

23s)r>;:i3::^ jaginapatte, s. A kind 
of garment worn by females. 

22i;A^D^ jagiriji, s. A rent-free 
land, a freehold; of. eroce3js<9. 

'iZiifs J age, see a^K. 

'^z)T\% jagrate, s. Caution, care- 
fulness, vigilence. 2. dili- 
gence, assiduity. — (iPdosg.?), 
—ri:^^ to be careful, cau- 

ts'szs*", 23^:2 jaji^, jaji, s. A ship. 

23j)22 jaji, s. The great flowered 
jasmine, Jasmijium grandi- 
floruin. —^^^ red chalk. — ^ 
jasmine flower. 

2Je)z£^'305o jajikayi, i-. The nut- 
meg. — ■sio'd the nutmeg-tree 
Alyristica moschata. 

'&i>'dtj% jajipatre, s. Mace. 

23e)Ca^ Jad^, .T. A broom, bisom. 

tjscs* jadyi, -y^^ nL^j^S. 

23e)G^^o© jad^malli, i". A sweep- 
er. 2. a scavenger. 3. a 
servant in charge of a travel- 
lers' bungalow. 

23"i)cacl jadane, s. Purging, loose- 
ness of bowels. 2. sweeping. 
3. see cO.raS. 

23d;:3C3'3oSj jadadaye, see 2ia<5. 

23e)Z^s3)S jadapuri, s. A spider. 

23 e) a jadi 


t3e)oJ japi 

tSe)^ jadi, s. A large earthen 

t3e)(Ss5^ jadipuni (3^^), "'. a. To 

shake off. 2. to sweep, clear. 
Ui)Q,^d^ jadimale, see Si^S^o^. 

We)d, 23e)clo jade, jadye, s. A 
weaver. 2. a spider. 

t3e)dp jadya, ^. Carelessness, 
negligence. 2. sickness, 

disease. 3. heaviness. 4. 
folly, stupidity. 

t3e)r9 jana, ^. Skill, wisdom ; cf. 
gi^^ci. _ ^^ skilf ulness , ability. 

t3e)r2-S- janaki, see aisji-S-. 

t3«)f'3'e)£)r^ janadig-e, J". Cleverness, 

23«)rl), tStifl Jani, jane, s. A wise 

ZJSS* Jfi'tyi, .y^^ i^ag. 2. see tro^^. 

■.233;^ jata, ^^". Born, produced. 
_^^r the ceremonies per- 
formed on the birth of a 

23«)a=CT jataka, J". A horoscope. 
c^^— a horoscope cast up 
without sufficient data, "^or^ 
TO— a horoscope prognosticat- 
ing one's death. 

t3ai3 jati, s. Kind, sort, class, 
tribe, caste. 2. birth. 3. social 
position, status, adj. Pure, 
unadulterated; superior, high- 
bred. —^^i' —^^0 the rules 
regulating a caste. — ^^^^ 
ceremonies peculiar to a caste. 
— ^ouii-5 a horse of a superior 
breed. — ^^e^^ —'^i^ the mu- 

tual jealousy of castes, -v 
— SrissS the usage and custom 

of a caste. — ^^^i 

an outcaste. — -rfori teakwood. 
—So?!? a man of low caste. 
—■^uo^s> to lose caste. — S d 
^?) to excommunicate. — K ^? 
rro4?) to admit into a caste. 
—zjd-^ order of castes ; accord- 
ing to castes. 

22D^, 23D3=CTS^j:3jati,jatikamara, 
see SissB. 

^D^t^ jatipatri, see &;>o3o;rfSj. 

tSDvl^^ J atiphala, ^^^ a^oso^sosj. 

£3e)l jatre, J-. The annual festival 
of a temple; c/. cdraij. — ::! 
siTj^ the people attending a 
festival, pilgrims. 

23e)a% 23srfj jadu, jldu, ^. Sor- 
cery, conjuration. — ■do^J^^ 
to conjure. 

23^ a jadi, ^^^ -s^. 

2ZD^ J ana, 56^^ 3^^^. 2..?^^ ^^f^- 

z^D^^ janaki, s. Sita, daughter 
of Janaka. 

23^^ jani, see ^^?i. 

23^^^^, 23^^J^ janipuni, Januni, 

Z3e)?S Jane, ^^^ ^^• 

^D^-D^^ japavuni, c. v. {of^h?:>) 
To put down, as a load; to 
unload, lighten. 

•GDt>^ japaka, see 2a^^^. 

23s)^^, t3^3^?ijapini,japuni (&3), 
2/, ;z. To be unloaded, light- 

23!)^ japu 


t3«)6 jare 

23^^ Japu, s. A kind, sort, form. 
— 3:^5S different sorts. 

^^t>z^ japelij, s. Putting down, 
as a loacl. 2. unloading. 3. 
a stone pillar for placing 
a load temporarily. 4. a 
halting place, 

23D3ic japya, s. Delay, loitering. 
adj. Slow, backward, linger- 
ing, loitering. 

23^dj*ri jami^^e, see 3:3oe3A 

23s)^o Jama, i". A watcli or a 
period of three hours. — ^ 
^jseQ a cock crowing at three 
in the morning; c/. sis^. 

232)si)C3s)^ Jamadani, s. A knap- 
sack; C/. ^7(2cDti). 

?3e)^3S^^ Jaminij, s. Bail, se- 
curity. — crooio a surety, se- 

23^sjOofi Jamuge, see fcDc&57^. 

t3e)^o Jame, i-. 

artful man. 

great thief. 
232)OS-=a'30io jayikayi, s. The uut- 

A cunning or 


23t)Oi^^-305o Jayinayi, s. A grey- 

2?30josj^, Jayipatri, i^. Mace. 

tSDoSo J aye, ^<?^ cacA). 

23 1)0, t3i)d^ Jara, jaratva, ^. 
Adultery^ incontinence. 

tJSdoT^ jarang-e, see &is^-^ 

23e)dcris;^ Jarangeliji, s. Slip- 
periness, glibness, smooth- 

23e)dc23^o2j Jaiandaye, s. The 
name of a demon. 

t3«)d23i)^ Jarajata, <2:^//". Illegiti- 

23DDD5jjtJ J^ravuni, c. ■j:'. {o/ 2i^^o 
oi) To let slip. 2. to strip 
off, as clothes, efc.-, to bark, 
peel, ilay. 3. to lop off, as 
the branches of a tree. 4. to 
steal. -^^r^iS- to remove the 
thatching of a roof. ^~j— 
to turn the cheek-bone by a 
slap. 2z^-^'o— to leave the door 
ajar, ■sios^i- to throw earth, 
as into a pit, eU. or fill it 
with earth. 

23-30 Jari, s. Enforcement, exe- 
cution, —f^ti-^t), — ■rfo^'j^o) to 
put into operation ; to enforce, 

23s)Qf*ijarige, s. The Mysore gam- 
boge tree, Garcinia pidoria. 
— s&^ its fruit. — ^jj>e?3 an ugly 

23«)d-N^c5o jarunaye, s. An un- 
steady man, a backslider. 

23^dJ^ jaruni (3^^), v.n. To 
slide, slip down; to move 
further. 2. to be slippery or 
smooth. 3. to tumble, fall 
down. 4. to be dislocated, 
as a limb. 5. to shrink, hesi- 
tate; to backslide. 6. to flee, 
run away. 7. to stretch, as 
the lobe of the ear etc. 

23e)Oj5ia Jarupadi, see sis^lrS. 

23Dd Jare, s. An adulterer, 

23^6s3 Jarele, s. A runaway. 2. 

2Zi>fiF jar^e 


23oWJ jiriju 

an unsteady man. 3. a back- 
slider. 4. a coward. 
2^f\F jarge, see 3iD&^. 

t3Dir, t3-3(5r jarte, Jarde, ^. The 
sign Scorpio, the eighth Tulu 

23Diira jarpadi, s. Running 
away, decampment, retreat. 
— •rfo'^o^^ to run away, decamp ; 
to slink, escape. 

5i3e>e3^ jaliji, s. A thrashing floor. 
2. a courtyard. 

7Se>^ Jala, s. A net. 2. the lattice 
of a window. 3. magic, con- 
juration, illusion. 4. pride. 
rsjcrfj— producing, by magic 
art, supernatural appear- 
ances. ■rfo^?crfj— bringing into 
existence, by sorcery, any 
thing required. 

tSDSJD^ jalaru, s. A fringe, net- 
work. 2. the borders of a 
garment, efc. 

?3e)S3"3 jala, see crae^. 

tSeJa^sorfj jalandra, s. Any wood 
work with bored holes. 2. 
an ornament worked into 
small perforations or holes. 

23D© J all, see a^^eS. 

ts's©^^, Jalikatta, s. Black 
stripes on the throat of a 

tSe)©^^ Jalipuni, see 7\3«5^^. 

t3e)©s^jd Jalimara, s. The tree 
Ocymum gratisshnum. 

?3«)is3 jale, i". Heat. 2. burning 
sensation. 3. pity, compas- 
sion, sorrow; cf. 3is^«5. 

Z3"3d Java, see a;s^J. 

231)^^2:* Javakalliji, s. A block of 


stone by the road-side to 
rest a load upon, a porter's 

23^^=aorfj6Javakudure, s. A grass- 

ts^da Javadi, s. A kind of verse. 
2. see eJD^a. 

t3e)rf°T;*^'5)05j Javalanayi, s. A wolf- 

t3s);3'34c^ Javavuni, ^^^ 3is^4S). 

23«)^?^, 23^)4^ Javige, Javuge, ^^^ 

t3-3d)^ Javuni (s^s), ^^^ ^isLa. 

23^^53* Javelu, 5'^^ ait^^. 

23-5^* jasti, i". Increase, addition. 
2. injustice, violence. — ^^^f^ 
f®o^) to take by force. — s:^i 
■rfo?) to speak in a violent 
tone, to abuse. — -rfjs^o^S) to 
force, compel; to increase, 
promote ; to raise, as rent etc. 

t3i)SoD^jaliir^, s. Representation, 
showing, informing, adj. Ob- 
vious, plain, clear. ~°3h^ 
to become known; to be clear 
— ^j^j^^S) to explain, inform. 

23DS?^ Jalyi, see &!^^. 

23^^ rs Jakshana, see ^^%\^- 

zSo^s' jinke, s. An antelope. 

S^oAQ Jingiri, see ^o-hj. 

"^ot^ JinJa, see acSi. 

2oo23c)5j?i Jinjavuni, see ao&s^S). 

tSotSr^ Jinjige, 5^^ 33oa/?. 

e5o2dO^ Jinjuni, ^^t? aoaios). 

23orf jinda 



J ire 

eSoc^n-s^, cSoSn^^ jindagani, 
Jindigani, i'. Treasure, trea- 
sury, wealth. 

tSoari jindige, s. Property, 
estate, tixi— moveable pro- 
perty, ^■rf- immoveable pro- 

23o?S, t3o^e4^ Jinne, jinnesvare, 
.y. The name of a personage 
peculiar to the Jaina sect, 
who is ranked by them as 
superior to the gods of other 
sects. 2. a teacher. 3. a 

2oo2JO^ jimbuni, see a^jcaoo^. 

t3o2jO0, zS>ozi jimbuli, jimbli, see 

tSosio jimma, <3;^t'. Suddenly. 
e3o3o jinhe, ^^^ 22^^. 

e3-o-d^ Jikiri^, s- Care, anxiety. 

2. interference. 
23 r1 jiga, .s-^^ qa- 

23rit2ri, eSAzSh jigajig-a, Jigijigi, 
.?. The jingling noise of danc- 

2;oAe)0* jigar^, see SioKsS. 

e3t3D ?o jijnasa, i-. Asking, inquir- 
ing. 2. search, investigation. 

22iJ Jitti, see ^^^^. 

zSiJo^ Jittu, i-^^ ai-y^. 

22^ jitte, ^. A lump, unshapen 

^d jide, see 3izf. 

23c5°' , 23r^ Jidd^, Jidda, s. Ranci- 

Co Co 

dity, mustiness. adj. Rancid, 


rancid oil. 

2. i'(?2 w5 . —oSjc?! 

Q> jiddi, «i^'. Back, postern. 
s. A small, raised platform. 
-23^-^^ a back door; a small 

•dd jidde, s. A kind of mortar. 
2, .y^^ sSS. ^t-&>zids-^ a 
wooden mortar for pounding 

2^'i Jita, adj. Conquered, sub- 
dued, overcome, —zjir^ learn- 
ing a lesson by heart. — 2^^ 
a disposition under discipline; 
a firm mind. 

z3l^oa-o3o Jitendriye, s. One who 
has subdued his passions. 
2, an ascetic. 3. a sage. 

^i =CT^, Tittekalli, .y^^ ^^^%under 

tScj^ jiddu, s. Enmity, hatred. 
Z^CjScSw^ Jiddajiddu, s. Mutual 

23rfo jiddu, see ^5. 

z^^^^, 2^^7^ jin\;is^, jinas^, .s. 
A thing, article, goods, pro- 

e3^j^?«^ci JinijisEra, s. Variety, 
diversity. adj. Various, di- 

22t-^o, eSzjoe^j, "d'^y-^:! jibalu, Ji- 
bulu, jibulu, s. Boiled, tender 
areca nuts. 

zSzoj^ jibuli, s. A kind of boys' 
game, similar to hopscotch. 

e32o^ jibba, see 3^020^. 

£2dd?ud55 Jirasale, ^-^^ 25?TJ;:^d. 

226 jire, at/;'. Little, small. — croeS 
light red. 



e3^sj jiva 





eSsj^o".:) jil\imbi, see dio^^Bx 

2o€)co£i jilijili, •5'. Splashing. 

eSde^^i, t3©^jilebi, Jilbi, ^. A kind 
of sweetmeat; also ^€>2^€>, 

to^o^, t3s;o2oo, £3e;j, Jilupu, Jilu- 
bu, jilpu, s. Locks of hair left 
above the ear as an ornament. 

22s3, Jilme, see aioe^jSo. 

SoOt) , to 53 jilla, jille, s. A district, 

2o23-3eJ?^J5m Tillatio:obbu, s. A 
kind of game ; cf. z^6 . 
$:) c< jillya, s. A curl. — a??:?i to 
dress the hair in curls; cf. sSaov. 
3o, jihve, 9. The tongue. 
^ jl, «rfy'. Small, little, short. 
— ^jseO a short legged fowl. 
—■^Ti-di^^i a dwarf. — jjsoso a 
lapdog ; a small kind of dog. 

to(=5^ jik^, s. Creaking, as san- 
dals, shoes, etc. when walking 
in them. — rf ^iuwo^ creaking 

cS^eJf^ .Jitige, s. A torch, flam- 
beau. — cJt>D2j a torch-bearer. 

cS^s^ jitu, ^. Advantage, gain. 
adj. Profitable, advantageous. 
— c^o^^ to win, gain. 

2o??i*, 23^^ jiniji, J ini, s. A saddle. 
-tS^Wo^^, -3337^0^ to saddle. 

^?c^*?v* Jinijsiji, see aS^oJ. 

to^N jma, <^4/'. Niggardly, parsi- 
monious, stingy. -3?^ parsi- 
mony, stinginess. 

2o^(5 Jine, .y. A miser, niggard. 

^^^c^ Jipuni, see ti^h?^. 

23 CD* jir^, see ^?r©r. 

So^drfO jiradari, s. The seed 
Cuminum Cycninum. 

2oCd?je)53 jirasale, s. A superior 
kind of rice, a fine table rice. 

Zo^Ori jirige, see sSe'drfS. a;^'. 
Small, short, —-^c^cto^. —-^Ciri 
a small species of capsicum 
(perhaps bird-pepper) of a 
stronger taste than other sorts. 

'&^^:i'^ jiruni, see 7\e-rfo^. 

23^6 jlre, s. A hero, brave man. 

2oC6^^?3, c3cs3e)re3 jirevale, jlr- 
vale, s. A wasted palm-leaf. 
2. a worn out ear-ornament, 

So^rsr jirna, s. Digestion, adj. 
Digested. 2. tattered, old, 
worn out ; cf. -Sj^ef^. — b'-S- the 
power of digestion. — e??j^ 
to be digested; to be worn 
out, reduced. — Tio°^Ov^^ to 

So^rar^^d, e3^f|j3cr:3e) d jirna- 
dhara, Jirnoddhara, s. Repara- 
tion, renovation. 

So^flr Jirne, see aS^osr. 

sS^dFO jirdari, see ^?Tjrfa. 

eS^jdr Jirna, see 2§?r©r. 

coC?j^rs3 jirsale, .s-^^ ^?-d?fee3. 

2o?sJ Jiva, i". Life, existence. 
2. vitality, strength. 3. a 
living creature. — essaXS, 
— 59S7<S languor, prostration. 

— rf Aolj dear, fond. — sS?^ 
full of life; fresh. — crooi 

25 ^d jiva 


ts^oozoo jumbu 

lifeless. —^ ^^r fainting. 
— -ditF.BFAO at the risk of life. 
— e??.^ to be quickened, ani- 
mated. -^s?S:», -7^4^?), —6 
4.S) to take away life, to 
kill. — ^^4?^'^s>i —diijsr^o^ to 
commit suicide; to bother 
oneself. — 3i©o^^ to be animat- 
ed; to spring, sprout. — sj^TJoa 
to swoon, faint; to be alarm- 
ed. — ^^eb^ to die, expire. 
—200^^ to die; to endeavour, 
aspire after. —■^^^?:^ to 
revive, renovate, —v'^o^?^ to 
be envious. c??e^o— vital pow- 
ers. 8S?4fflAO 35?-rf "ijihr^ to 
help at the risk of one's life. 
to^s^oi jivante, s. A living man. 

23^;5^s3, 23^^^*^ jivakale, jiva- 
kale, s. Animation, vitality. 

to animate, t. e. consecrate 
an idol. 

t3^si=a^oi Jivakante, s. A hus- 

eje^^'32-> jivakala, s. The life- 
time, existence. 

23?Sj^^:^, 22^;^^^sri jiva^hata, 
jivaghataga, s. Danger to life. 
2. murder. 3. treachery. aSe^ 
■^y^^-R a murderer ; a betrayer, 
treacherous man. 

Zo^dtiosa jivajantu, i". A living 

creature, animal. 
to^d£:3D^ jivadana, s. Gift of life. 
Sj^^cji)^ jivadase, s. Care for life. 
tS^s^F^ jivana, s. Subsistence, 

livelihood. 2, life, existence. 
3. means of sustenance. —'^^\ 
^ to deprive one's means of 
livelihood. — ^«o^^ to live; 
to earn one's livelihood; to 
follow a trade. 

Eo^dcSe)^ jivanathe, s. A hus- 
band. 2. Yama. 

Eo^Sj^js?^ jivamana, s. Duration 

of life, lifetime. 
to^s^DD^ jivarasi, s. The animal 

kingdom, living creatures. 

23^d?io=aCi jivasaukada, s. Fa- 
tigue, weariness. 2. languor, 
exhaustion. — t?Loi to be fa- 
tigued, exhausted. 

tS^drjSN jivasthana, s. A vital 

Eo^^Ds, jivatma, .$". The sentient 
soul, spirit. 2. life; cf. s3^r©. 
85?^©^ man, as a sentient 

w^53^a jivadi, s. Living crea- 
tures, animal kingdom. 

to^ss^s^ci jivakshara, s. A vowel. 

2o^^ jivi, s. A living creature. 

2. a worm, an insect. 
22?^3 jivita, adj. Living, alive, 

23e^?gO^ jivisuni (25?.3oj), v. n. 

To live, exist, subsist. 
25^4 Jivu, see a? 4. 
tdJoSiJo jumjum, see 3doSoa;j5o. 
2400200^ jumbuni (afoo^), v. n. 

To suck, sip, lick. 
Sdjozoo©, 2sjoc2oo§.jumbuli,juinbu- 

tdjos^j jumma 


tijsa judi 

tdJo^j jumma, J. A sudden stun- 
ning or smarting sensation. 

Z;!Jos3j Jumme, s. Custody, 

^dJooSj junyi, s. A boiling or 
bubbling noise. 

tio^'3?io^ jukasuni (sio?raoJ), v. n. 
To nod, be drowsy, sleepy. 

2;dj=^o3 jukuti, see odoo^. 

2sij=3'j, jukku, i'. A measure of 
seven sticks in a game. 

Ziori juga, s. A pair. 2. twins. 
3. see cdoJA. 

^dJ^^o^ tiori-sQ Jugarij,jugari, .y. 
Gaming, gambling, _ /^jssoa 
?rao3o a gamester, gambler. 
—y^jseoo^Si to gamble. 

idoejj, Tuttu, s. A tuft of hair of 
the head, cue. — ^yo,^, — aoI3 
sjsT^o?) to tie the hair into a 

t^j^ judde, see ^s& • 



td:20 Jubba, s. A short jacket. 

2;ijwj Jubbu, s. A spheroid, 

2ajsJj*2dos^3^ jumjum, ^. Numb- 
ness, sleeping of the limb. 
2. a throbbing pain. 3. horri- 
pilation. — 1^?^^ a limb to be 
benumbed; to be horrified; 
to feel pain, as when a boil 

tJosJjDa Jumadi, s. A demon so ' 

tio^jos; jumula, see ko^j^. 

2djdj) jumma, see ^ioo-^. 

tij^o, jumme, see ziooS^. 

tiosjj jumla, -s". Total, whole. 
tdoOoorto^ jurung-uni (Ko-rfocK), 
7'. n. To hesitate, be reluctant. 
tiOdodJS)^ Jurumane, see &!oe^o 

Zsjoejszjo julabu, .i'. Purging, 
looseness of bowels. 2. a 
purgative. ~'?3h^ to purge. 
_^j9br^ to administer a pur- 
gative. — ^»^S) to take a 
purgative. — ^?Ij^ to suffer 
from looseness of bowels. 
croOT^^— vomiting and diar- 
rhoea, cholera. 

SijSsS, cijoo^, sdooo julipe, ju- 
lupu, julpu, ^^^ sSe^J^- 

t;ijoo;jo^, ZiJ^;j, julum^, julmu, ^. 
Oppression, tyranny, injus- 
tice; also 'ci:)'Z):iS:i:i , &!oe3.. _3iD^ 
tyrannical procedure, violent 

julumane, julman^, julmane, .y. 

A fine, penalty. — -rfj^Ov^^ to 

t^JSl^sa juvadi, see sB^ssa. 
2;i053"3^ juvali, s. A kind of reed. 

tdj^2;iO?* jul^julij, J-. The noise 

of falling water. 
2^J32o, 2i!J3tdo juji, Juju, s. Gaming, 

a wager, as with cocoanuts. 

— s'uo^S) to gamble. —r^-Q a 

gambler. — ^j ^.^eD a fighting 

t;iJ3^^, 2^J5e3o jut^, jutu, s. A lie, 

zaJSSio^i^u judipugere, s. A kind 

tdJSJi Tuti 


2§)3* jeilij 


of tobacco imported from 
the Ghauts. 
&iJ33 juti, s. Shoes. 

ziJti'^^ julu, .s". The cover of a 
saddle, horse-cloth. 

ti^JlO juli, s. A funnel, pipe, 
spout. — 3i 's'^ a distilling pot 
with a pipe. — sSoaoj a pot 
with a spout. 

zEotila', zEcZ^o^i Jembiliji, jembuli, 

^ot3 Jembe, <3;(^'. Insipid, taste- 

^"^.^ jekkel^, see di^j,6. 
^f\ Jege, see ^H. 
zSa* jeggij, see siK . 
dri jeg-ge, ^^^ 3^^- 


dili jetti, .s^^ SiB,. 

^iS jedi, s. A speck in the eye ; 

beL rfa, 
^ad}?i jedipuni, see aiat^. 2. 

^d jede, i-f^ sitf. 

zSo^^^^, ^5o)r^ Jeppuni, Jerpuni 
(^), v.n. To lie down. 2. to 
sleep, rest; also ^i^r-w^. 
^^ jeppe, ^. The last cowrie 
put in an empty hole of a 
playing board (sic??^??) at 
the end of one's turn. 
^;3j jeme, see a;^. 
^°' jeru, ^^^ ^?5. j-^.^^^ 

zS^ jeshte, .y. Misfortune, cala- 
^^o^DS^^ jenkavuni, c. z/. {of'&°.o 
^^i^) To detain, stop. 2. to 
delay, put off. 

zB^i^j^ jenkuni ("?-^), 7'. «. To 
delay, be deferred. 2. to 
hesitate, waver; cf. ioo^o^, 

28^0=^ jenke, see ttz^. 

I 2§^^ jedi, s. Glutinous clay, 
chalk, a kind of white earth; 
. also ~?S. 
. ^?a jedi, ir. past part, of &!^^ 



^^S^, d^wj jepu, jebu, s. A 

^^D^ jer\;i, i". A Pariah's child. 

^eo*, ^?rf jer^, jera, i". Descent, 

declivity, precipice. 
^^c*^^03j jeri^kayi, see 7^?5^O30. 
S^o^^rjerlu, ^. Pariah children. 

^^^ jevu, i". A child. 2. a lad, 
youth. Cffi— a male, man. 
#f^ a female, woman. 

^^53^ jeli^, see t{€. 

^o^ jeshta, ^^^ ^{^'"q- 
^^^sJ-qSj jeshtamadhu, .s^^ -^??:^ 

^^^ jeshte, ^^^ ^^■^^• 

^^, 4, in jeitta, jeitye, ^^^ %^^ 

?£vNs)£)ri jeinadio^e, J". Abstinence 

from meat and liquor. 
^,f2 jeine, s. A Jain. 

2£^?3«)?i jeipana, adj. Invulne- 

^,^^, ^:^)J^Jeipuni, jeisuni (^j^), 
V. a. To conquer, win, be 

^iC):)^ijeimiiii, s. A sage so called. 

"i.-^ jeilijj s. A jail, prison. 

^J3o=^ Jonke 


^J3?:^o jodu 

^J3o=^, ^J3o#e3^ jonke, jonkel^ji, 
s. A bunch, cluster. 

2£jSo3:!a, ^JSo^a jompadi, jom- 
pudi, s. A shed, hut. 

zSjsrij C joggura, <2:^'. Overripe. 

^Jii jote, .y^^ 2i^. 

^J^t^ jotte, /«.y^f /. ^ &!4^?i, c;' 

^J3s3 jolle, s. Spittle; cf. ^^^ 

^JS^o^iS jompudi, see Sjsot,^. 

^03^=5^0 joku, J"- Ostentation, dis- 
play; vanity, foppery. 

^J3^=s'jdo^ jokumiji, s. Danger, 
risk. adj. Dangerous. 

zEjs^^^o^o jokulu, s. Children; 
cf. dffi?4. ^^'So^js^-R childish- 

^J3^^ joke, s. Care, heed, cau- 
tion; safety. — -^^o^S) to take 

^Jz^r\ Joga, s. Abstraction of 
mind; see cSj^eX. — e^lbS) to 
be in ecstasy. — 2oL)f-^ to 
be seized with demoniac 

^js^rlcsjj jogamma, s. A female 

2Sj3^?i^ jogatte, s. Sitting cross- 
legged, —^ociiooh^ to sit on 

^J3^ri jogi,^. A religious mendi- 
cant. 2. the name of a caste. 
3. the name of a man; also 

23js^ri3ioC3*F jogiparndu, s. A 
kind of fruit. 

ESj3^ri^?3r jogipurse, s. The 

name of a demon, rflower. 

^JS^hS^ jogipu, s. A kind of 

djs^hdorf jogimara, s. The por- 

tia tree, Thcspasia populnca\ 

also 3§j5??\ ©^ ;cid ^-d. 


dJS^rio jogu, s. A water-fall, 

cataract. [vessel. 

2§J35rior3 joguni, j-. A drinking 

zijs^rio^, 'i,s^iT\:>'^ Jogula, Joguli, 
s. A lullaby. 

^J3^2d5:«)do^ Jojapaduni (-3:sS), 
V. a. To sing a lullaby; to lull. 

2Bj3^e3oJoj^, ^JS'^zdj^JoJiyuni, j6- 
juni (--^s?^, ^.J3?^), ^;. ;z. To 
lull to sleep. 

^js^zEjs^ jojo, intj. expressive 
of blessing, Be happy, etc. 
It terminates every song of 
certain lullabies. 

^JS^Ii joti, s. A plait. 

^JS^dcl jodane, s. Joining, unit- 
ing, union, collecting. — ^ 
^Os^a to join; to get ready, 
prepare. [Aj^oxki. 

2Ej3^Ca3^^ Jodapini, see under 

^JS^tSe)^^^ jodavuni, c. v. (o/^^ 
aorfoo?)) To make join, unite. 

^Bja^a jodi, see S^Tio. 

dJS^^T^i Jodige, see -^^TiS. 

^JS^a^^ jodipuni (tSjsea), v. a. 
To join, pair, unite. 

^JS^^oJjj^jodiyuni (^?S), v.n. 
To be joined, united. 

^JS^dj jodu, s. A pair, yoke, 
match, couple. 2. a pair of 
sandals. adj. Equal, like. 
—Sjs^rio two and two. — t?l^?), 


'S,Jl^d Jodne 


23D K, jnam 

sgjsezrobs) to join, couple, pair, 
—■do^o^?) to join, pair, unite. 
2. to assist, countenance, pa- 
tronise. ^^— a pair of gloves. 
s::53ic3— a pair of slippers. 
^O2o— a pair of stockings. 
^J5^(i jodne, see "Aji^riA 

dJ3?3^dj^ jotaduni (^Jses^Si), 
^'. ;2. To wave, move, oscillate. 
^J3^o joti, see ^^?S. 

^JS^o^c^JS-^sx) jotikolu, s. A long 

walking stick. 
^J2^<l^, 2§JS?o?d jotisha, jotisa, 

^j^^vB^s Jotishye, .y^^ ^^?^^^- 
dj3^^ Jotra, ^^t' d?e^. 
^JS^c^rl jonage, .?. A wicked per- 
son; a lewd fellow. 
zEjs^sj^ jopadi, ^^^ !ij3C3ja. 

^w^°3j^, ^Ji^6i^^, ^jspsra?^ j6- 
pane, jopasana, Jopana, s. Care, 
circumspection. «^". Cau- 
' tious, careful. --^^x^^j to 
take care of; to keep care- 

^J3^;j3^s3?id jomalesara, s. A 
kind of gold necklace. 

^j^?o3j joyi, see t^e'h. 

^ot^o^^^joyise, s. An astrologer. 

zSjs^d jora, see cg?5. 

^js^rfj, ^-'S^QDdS joru, joravari, 
s. Force, pressure, violence. 
2. importunity. 3. power, 
strength. 4. severity, harsh- 
ness; also "jseS, Aa?S. _e?^?) 
to become importunate; to 
become powerful, to be af- 

fected with liquor, tobacco, 
eic; to be harsh. — ;n34^?) to 
be hard. — •sIj^o^?) to force, 

dJS^^c; jola, see de??*. 

dJSe^on Jolangi, see c^c?s. 

^^^sraei Jolata, s. Oscillation, 

^JSe©, 'S,J5^€A joli, jolige, s. A 
small bag for receiving alms. 
2. a piece of cloth suspended 
by a woman down her shoul- 
ders to carry about her baby 
in it. 

^JS^^j jolu, adj. Soft, moist. 
2. pendent, flapping. —i2<v 
a soft or moist kind of jag- 

^JS^^jj jovu, s. A child, baby, 
youth, youngster. 2. a fe- 
male child. —"^0^0. djiz'^^^o 

zEjs^^ Jola, ^. The great millet, 
Sorghuni vulgare. 555— a 
small kind of millet. Sorghum 
saccharatu7fi, the Chinese su- 

^J3^^ Joli, see f^S^se^. 

^JS^§, ^JS^^ri Joli, jolige, .y^^ 

t?^§ Jouli, ^. Cloth. — tocSj a 
cloth merchant, draper. 

zfs^ Joule, adj. Tasteless, insipid. 

23^ ^ Jnana, s. Knowledge, wis- 

S3-?)2j Jnani, s. X wise, learned 
man, a sage. 

23e)f^o jnanu 


dc^-ssjo jhama 

23D ?io^ jnanuni, ^^^ i7^^^^?i. 


ts^sjs* jnapaka, ^. Memory, re- 

^(,^^ jyeshtha, s. The third 
lunar mouth, adj. Best, ex- 
cellent. 2. elder-born; 9^. 


•S,r P3^ ^jrfj Tyeshthamadhu, s. Li- 
quorice root. 

2^^^ jyeshthe, ^. The eighteenth 
lunar mansion. 2. an elder 
sister. 3. the goddess of 
poverty (^cq-&^^^ misfortune. 

^c'^4 3y^^^t^^6' ^' "^^^ elder son 
or brother. 

^J?o^>B Jyoti, s. Light, lustre. 
2. a star. — a^^, astrology. 

^JJp^vB^Jyotisha, s. The science 
of astronomy ; astrology. 

^J?o^o^o Jyotishye, ^ An astro- 
nomer, astrologer. 

tij5 J vara, see &itJ. 

t3'^as)djo£).jvalainukhi, i'. A vol- 

t3"3?3 jvale, s. Flame. 2. heat, 
warmth. 3. inflammation. 

dxi jha, The twenty-second letter 

of the alphabet. 
d:poS^d jhankara, sec TSj,'^?cm>n. 

d:pod:^o Jhamjham, see oL^oSo 

d:po^3e)S* jhampetala, see ^o-A 

c!:pS"30So?oJ^ Jhakayisuni (o'^o^ 
osocJ), t-. «. To bluster, tyran- 

dcpr!c!:p?i jhag-ajhaga, s. Brilli- 
aucy. —Sootio^ to shine bril- 

i^^Ti'-^ Jhagala, see aJXs;*. 

diprifS Jhagg-ane, adv. Quickly, 

hastily. — ^oosior'i to flash, 

as lightning. 
dpej^sili Jhatapati, see atSroaiy. 
do^o, ^^ Jhaditi, Jhadti, s. 

Examination, as of accounts. 

2. search, rummage. 


d:pa^^ Jhadipuni, see a^aL^. 

jhanu, jhami^]ham\i, s. The 

tinkling of ornaments when 

dcp^jD Jhameri, see &f^o5. 
d^O ilOiSiYi, s. A spring. 2. a 

cascade, waterfall. 
dps* jhallu, ^. Sudden terror. 


2. palpitation. 
d^"3C3*, dcp-sca-s Jhad^, jhada, ^. 

Settlement or payment in full. 

2. completion, termination. 

-^^tr^ to be settled or paid 

fully, to be over, finished. 

— rfo^j^^ to pay entirely, to 

dctJt)2i^ jhadane, see aisti??. 

d^^j, c^j^sj jhama, Jhava, see 


6^^ jhala 


y^cs) taka 

^DZ)^^, d>:^:5e;S jhalari^, jhalari, 
see 2:^e/5. 

d^j-D^f^i jh^Iige, see sS^ee3. 

&p?o^^d jhenkara, s. The buz- 
zing t?;- humming of bees. 
&^J3^o5Ja jhompadi, see deczsa. 

•SO na, The twenty-third letter of 
the alphabet. 

'oTosc^*, 'SO^S rianni^, nakk^, s. 
Crushing, bruising into a 
jelly or mass. — t?Lf.. to be 
crushed into a mass. — '^ 
^^^ to crush into a mass. 

'oO=a, 'ST^^ nakkanakka, «^^'. Quick- 
ly, swiftly; coarsely. 

'sr^s:*, 'S.'^nsit::^ nakkat^, na^a- 
patu, ac/j. Lean, thin, stunted, 

'SOSj^ nappe, 

see f^^cs;^. 2. see 

'SPO^'-^o^ nar^nary, see e^^eeje. 
2. ^^^ ?;S^OwO. 

'srrf'^rf, 'sr=ar'sr=3'^ riaranara,nar- 
kariarka, adj. Slight, little. 
—•&°f-' slight pain. 

''<3?€r narke, .s-^^ t^'^'^. 

liriapuli, nolinappuli, «^7'. In- 
discriminately. — ^^^^ to eat 

'SO^^ nani, see 3^^^). 

'oC^JSo^Cj nonnu, adj. Shrivelled, 

'SC^J?;^© noli, s. Anything sticky, 
gummy glutinous, viscous. 
2. saliva. —-^ Aloelitoralis. 
— ^-ijo^ to vomit phlegm. 


iJ ta. The twenty-fourth letter 

of the alphabet. 
e3o5^iic=5^ tankutank^, s. Pit-a- 

pot, twang, as of a wire, etc. 
tJc'a'rs tankana, s. Borax. 
eio=g'?:i:d tankasale, see "cJc^^dsd 
e3c=^D* tankar^, see <>% 
ej 0=5*0 tanku, s. The twang of a 



eiorf tan^T^, s. A saddle girth. 

eJo'sie^* tantanu, s. A noise made 
in sounding a brass vessel, 
etc., with the knuckles. 2. the 
striking of a clock. 

eir'SOljTjv^ takayisuni, see '^'st> 

ei=ae)0^, eJ5^2 takar\ji, takari, see 

L;s=^ takki^ 


dj^^ tik^ 

ei=aS, k^vx takki^i, takku, see 

y=^ takke, see ^^^. 
k^iiu^ tag-ar^, s. A ram. 

fej^ tappa, fli^'t'. Flatly. — sro 
tio?) to drop down flatly. — a)j3 
^0^ to fall flatly, 

^531^?/ tappali^, s. The post. 
2. a relay of bearers, bullocks, 
eU.; also w^. — t^B^ the post- 
office. — ^A^ a letter-paper ; 
a post-letter. - ^Sozijd a post- 

eJsJo^, e3^ tamate, tamki, ^. A 
tambour. 2. proclamation by 
beat of tomtom. — ^s^os) to 
proclaim in such a manner. 

l]DD03o?jJci tarayisuni, see -c^tooso 

e3o«)2cl taravane, see ^to^j?. 
eidfl tavane, see "^^w. 
ej;^, U?5 tase, tasse, see -^A 

hDCe^ tankij, s. The nib of a 
pen. 2. basting down a 
stuffed bed, to make it secure. 
— ziti'rfo^, — tS'o^ sjsi^oS) to nib a 
pen; to baste down a stuffed 

^So^'cS^, ^e)o=s'^ tankan^, tanka- 
ni, see Sros'fi. 

ij"Bo^ tanki, i'. A trough, or 

^"30 -o-^ tankini, see &3^fi. 

^^ takij, see &rao^. 

i3e)=CTD3*, ^s)=3'c5* takan^, takany, 
s. A Pegu pony. 

ira^CTDWs)^^, ^e)=^J3^^^^ takata- 

k^, takotaku, ac^J. Quick, hur- 
ried, hasty, 

b«)cl, iisrso tane, tanya, ^"^^ "^p®. 

^e)^, ^"s^obao^, ^-033 tapu, ta- 
pupituve, tape, s. Banishment, 
transportation, —'tst^ to be 
punished with transportation. 

eiSD* tar^, see sbS. 

eje)rf tara, j^^ ^s^^. 

era^, e3s5^l35e)M* tavu, tavu- 

tikanii, see '^4- 
bz>°^ tali, i-. A lie, deceit. 
ejD^^^ talipuni (&ra'^), j-. a;. To 

deceive, cheat; cy. tsze^^^. 
Ijo^* tinku, s. The sound of a 

stringed, musical instrument, 

as a guitar, efc.-, also ^c-St5. 
eJZD^^eJc;^ tin^tinij, j^. Tinkling. 
lis* tikij, i'. The sound, as of 

a pendulum, —zyh^ to tick. 
eJSDro*, IjCT'srS tikan^, tikani, 

see 8^2^. 
eJ-S;, tikki, s. Hitting one marble 

with another in a game of 


—zjs'do?i to hit a 

U=§. tikke, see ■^^^. 

eiljgij tittibha, s. A lapwing. 

airl cl tippane, s. A commentary; 

an explanatory note. 
Ij::) tibbi, see L^?4- 
lis tilli, s. The spleen, milt; 


iie^^, ^^^-^ tik^j titUj •^- Mean- 
ing, interpretation, glossary. 
i3o-3-?jo^ to translate, inter- 
pret, explain. 




T3D^5 thdna 

13^^* tikyi, see s?^. 

ej^^ tiki, s. A small precious 
object ; a small bell ; cf. 7^^. 
— -s^rf a gold necklace. 

ei^3^ tipu, i. A stitch; also ih^ 
^'i€:R. _o55^oS) to stitch. 

eJ^O tivi, see &?a. 

yo^j,eJj=5^j,, £ij=5'ji,^* tukkutukku, 
tuktuki^, «^/<:'. Kapidly, quick- 
ly, —aiaAOo^ to dart, flit, fly. 

ejo^o'rjsd, i^o^D 6 tenkasale, tenk- 
' a) ■ 

sale, see "^c^Tis^. 

^^5ip3-5)>l, eSe^rs tevanati, teva- 
Di, see T^e^jraS. 

^J3o^ tonka, s. The loins, hip. 

_£^^, —s^il)^ to hop, leap 

on one leg. 
^j3oj toppi, J-. A cap, hat, or 

helmet. 2. fraud, cheating. 

3. failure, defeat. -Z^t^ to 

fail. — a°L^ a hat to put on. 

—zjsTid^ to cheat. 
^J3s;^o, tollu, see Sji^o 

^J5^^% ^J3?=^o tok^, toku, J. 
Cash, ready money. 2. total, 
aggregate; also 63;3?o3'o, 63jso-ct. 
_3ir©4 money in cash, —"djd 
sjsoso total rupees. 


d tha, The twenty-fifth letter 

of the alphabet. 
^z=^7^d6 thankasale, s. A mint. 

d=a^OoO?jj^ thakayisuni (^^oso 
oj), z>. a. To deceive, cheat. 
2. to gain time by false re- 

d^«)& thakari, adj. Spurious, 
false, coauterfeit. —-dx)^:) a 

t^sS, 3^0, thakky, thakku, i'. 
Dissimulation, deceit, pre- 
tence, hypocrisy, fraud. ~^^ 
chicanery ; hoaxing. — sirf^S) 
to lie; to pretend. ~Tki^.\^^ to 
cheat, deceive, defraud. 

^^v^ thakke, s. A cheat, dissem- 

driu' thag-ari^i, see Wa5. 


daD03j3:jo?i tharayisuni (^-csasooJ), 
77. a. To compose, execute 
any literary work. 2. to fix, 
determine, settle. 

2^0"e)Sjrl tharavane, .?. Composi- 
tion, combination of the 
parts of any literary work or 
discourse; diction, style. 2. 
settlement, determination. 

d^rl thavane, s. Simple and 
compound addition. — ^s'jsSjs 
4» to add up figures. — S3 
^^ to write down figures for 

^^, 333 thase, thasse, s. A seal, 
stamp. 2. stamp duty, —wt 
A^ a stamp paper. 

SDK), 3Dr?o thana, thanya, i". A 
place, station; lodging; a 
garrison, police-station. 

crao^ thar^ 


d^, dakka 

SDD* thariji, ^^7'. At one stroke; 

completely, fully. 
S»)5^ thavu, s. A place, abode, 

lodging. 2. cause, occasion; 

also TTO^s^s^- 

S^Dre^, Q^DZ^ thikanu, thikani, 
s. Resort, residence, station. 

2. means, room, opportunity. 
®^^, £)^=CTJ thikiji, thiku, adj. 

Proper, fit. 2. exact, complete. 

3. true. —^ ^f^oJ a sumptuous 

S(^^ thlpuj see ^'^4- 

S^D thivi, s. Ostentation, dis- 
play. 2. condition, state. 3. 
gait, figure, mien. 

ifo^"3d, ^^o^iit> thenkara, then- 
kara, s. The twang of a bow. 
2. haughtiness, pride. 

^^dw^sB, if^^ri) thevanati, the- 
vani, s. Deposit of cash. 2. 
ready-cash. 3. keeping money 
in a bank. — a?l:S) to deposit, 
keep money in a bank. 

zi da, The twenty-sixth letter of 

the alphabet. 
c^ da, a conditional particle af- 
fixed to verbs., signifying : 

If. e?o3o ei^^r^ if he should 

come, zi^r'&d if he does not 

■do dam, see t^So. 

do's', L3o=CT, Cs 0=5*^3 d^'i^k^, danka, 
dankani, s. A large, double 
drum. ^og^eossB a drummer. 

s^o^e)d dankara, s. The sound of 
a double drum. 

do^ danke, see ^o^. 

doT^, dorto dangy, dangu, -S". 
Surprise, wonder, —"-^h^ to 
be surprised, stunned, over- 

doT\, dorlo danga, dangara, see 

dor\dor'\ dangadanga, adv. Hasti- 



dorij^ danguni, see zio7<o?i 

doA dange, see ^o-R. 

doii dangra, s. Proclamation by 

beating of a gong etc. —so 

^os) to proclaim in such a 

dodv<5^ dandan^, s. The sound 

of a large drum or gong. 
do2o damba, see Tics^. 

doz:^^ dambara, s. Pomp, gran- 
c^ozod dambare, see Soz^-^. 

dozi dambha, s. Ostentation, 

display. — ^.^eio a to boast, 

c^o:p'sz5"3d, do2^Dk-i dambhacara, 

dambhata, s. Ostentation, 

empty show. 

d^., d^, dakka, dakke, s. A large 
kind of double drum, shaped 

dc^ dana 260 tiisjj dubdu 

a, • 

like an hour-glass. —^ 20e3 
carrying an idol in proces- 
sion round its temple with 
beating of such a drum. — cs 
oSo a drummer, adv. see ziwi. 

Zarsdrs danadana, s. The sound 
of a large bell. 

Caa§ dappu, s. A small drum 


beaten on one side ; a tabret. 
s«20 dabba, 5. A noise of any- 
thing falling into water. — 20^ 
tio^ to fall into water with 
a noise. 

j^zo, dabba, s. A tin box, as of 

jj * _ 

kerosine oil. 

c^t:;, dabbi, s. A small box, chest. 

w ■ 

2. a box kept in temples, for 
receiving offerings. ^^c^ a 
snuff box. 

dzjo, dabbu, s. A lie, falsehood, 
to ■ 

2. a boast, brag. 3. a half 

— TQ-iS a liar: 


anna piece 

braggart, —y^^o^ to tell a 

lie; to brag. 
c^do^ dam, s. The noise of firing 

a gun. — rfSo the noise of a 

-cs^D*, c^s^jdj^, d^oort dama- 

ru, damaruka, damaruga, s. A 

small drum, shaped like an 


Za^J5^i, Ci^jsd damana, damara, 
s. A kettle-drum. 

CaSJJsCiJ damami, J. A hollow 
sound, empty noise. 2. false 
dignity; ostentation, empty 

C33e)05ji dalayite, s. A belted 

3S53DO*, dj3^0 davali,i, davili, 5. 

A peon's belt. — sszljsfeo^ to 

put on a belt. 
ri^v:) davulu, see rf^sJo. 

UDoiL^, C2Do'tpr^^dambike,dEmbhi- 
ge, s. A pedant, one given 
to affectation. 2. a hypocrite. 

z^Dv'^ daku, s. Vaccination. — ^ 
tSoN to vaccinate. 

tSDr'-J^'dosj^"' damdum, see 93 So 

Ge)^::;^ dal^, s. A shield. 
Ca^S?^ dalcini, see csp Si. 
un^ dali, ^. An army. 
^o-o- dinki, s. A gymnastic 

^0^0^ dindiiidi, s. The knolling 

of a bell. 
So^sl), ^i^do dindima, didima, 

.?. A small drum, 
as^, ^20*^23^ dib, dibdib, s. 

The noise of a violent blow. 
a2.,o, dibbu, s. A push with the 

^^a^ diliji, adj. Loose, not tight. 

2. free, unrestrained; also ^? 

dos^ duk, ^^^ y^^'ojyj^jj. 
zijr\^ duggu, s. Uneasiness. 
d-23s)03j?oj;. dubayisuni (^kjsoso 

cJ), z'. ^. To drown 2. to 

cause loss. 3. to deceive, 

Zs,^z^^ z:-^ dubdub. s. The sound 

of a small drum. 

<^ow, dubba 
to • 


^s?)^=^j dhoku 

J3-U dubba, see Ti^d^. 

^id^.:^.:) du^ dumdum, s. The sound 
of a large drum, 2. ^^^ ^So. 

c«o?oFdo=5^or durkudurku, J. The 
noise of breaking wind down- 

cio?iN dennana, see 335^^. 

fk^t dere, ^. A tent. — ^c^o^. 
— ^^^0^ to pitch a tent. 

sl-,sJJi)?5^ deimanu, J. Diamond 
m cards. 

dJSc=g^, :|j5 0=3^0 donkiji, donku, 5'. 
Crookedness, adj. Crooked, 
curved. 2. perverse, cross. 
-3:dt5o^ to limp, hobble. 

cIjso^ danka, .s^is aso^^. 

clj?)o^^^ donkeliji, i^. Crooked- 
jIjsccI donne, ^. A cudgel, club. 

sljSozjD^y, :|j3o2Ci"3£j dambarata, 
dombata, see d'soaiT^Dy. 

z|j3o2oc)6 dombare, ^^^ ts,o-d. 

tlvQoz:;, ^j3o23 dombi, dombe, see 


zIjSozSd* domberiji, .y^g d®ot35. 
slj3os2<23* dombel^, .y^^ dsod^. 

"CT -rf- A 

rrao*. ^IxtIo dokka, dokkalu. 

A A * • *' 

doggali^, doggali^, doggu, see 

A ' A 

dj;^ doppa (-^-2-'^), postp. 
With, together with. O'cxJo— 
with him. jjii^refio— with 
man; ^. Su^. 

eIj3^ doppe, i'^^ i:2;3^. 

(Ijs^a dollu, rt'^//'. Fat, stout, 
large. 2. void, hollow, .y. A 

slj3^, dolle, i-. A pot-bellied man. 
dJS^^o'o doku, 5"^^ tfjso^'o. 
c|j5^:^ dobi, i". A washerman. 

(ijS^O^ dol^, J"^^ Z3^(*^0. 

clJ3?ooA dolaugi, j-^^ cf3Tjo?\. 
sIjs^O doli, s. A dooly 6'r litter. 
dJS^ejJ, djs^^j dolu, dolu, see 

z|j3^^^ dola, J'. The eye. adj. 

:5®o3* doulat^, see t^^%. 

^3^00 doulu, s. An estimate, 

valuation. 2. appearance; 

mien; air; demeanor. 


z^ dha. The twenty-seventh letter 

of the alphabet. 
Zf o=u dhanka, see ric^. 


^^6 dhere, see zf?-5. 

z|j;^=^j dhoku, i". Injury, defect. 
2. fear, alarm. 

t2 na 




rs na, s. The twenty-eighth letter 

of the alphabet, 
rssj d nappada, s. Weariness, ex- 


haustion; harassing. — ^^??:^) 
to be done up, harassed. 

irs^ nala, -a-f//". Smooth. 


^ ta, i". The twenty-ninth letter 

of the alphabet, 
sc=c* tanka, s. The lungs. 2. the 

liver. S.seeTio^. _5aaiio^, 

_3^;3s4r^ to be very much 

aoi3- tanki, 5^6' 6roc-&. 
i^oA* tang^, i-^^ 33cK. 
^ori;:^ tangada, see 7ic7(ri. 

:ioA^ tangadi, s. A male's 

younger sister; also «c?>. 
soliCj tang-ada, adv. Together. 
&o7TS)^ tangali, s. A cool breeze. 

«oA^?/ tangisijL, adj. Cold, chill. 

J-. A fishing tackle, fishing 

isorlo^ tanguli, see eicXoe!). 

soZCfl^ootCri tannanemannaiie, j". 
Deception, imposition, pre- 
tence. — -sIj^o^s- to impose 
upon; to pretend. 

302^ tanci, s. A bag, purse. 

&oti tanja, .s". Evening, sunset, 
night. — - sJjJ.^ the evening 

i^csoF^ tarinana, i". Rice boiled 


in the preceding evening, 

stale food. 
ioe^D^c^ tantavuni, see s^cSro^s. 
aoiio^ tantuni, see escuo^. 

iciS tante, s. Annoyance, 
trouble, difficulty. 2. mischief. 
3. interference, meddling, con- 
nection. —7;3t5,—c/3^5 a trouble- 
some, mischievous or obsti- 
nate man. — ®?rej5 vexation, 
molestation. —@-:i^, — ;dd^ bad 
goods; rotten things. — •djs?o^ 
?) to annoy, trouble. c^^^ 
Cfodo ^cS iSji^i have nothing 
to do with him. 

i^oci* tandu, s. Whole. 2. 5-^^ 
rfcS. «£//'. Entire, whole. 

:^oC5S sod tand^, tauda, ^. Multi- 
tude, crowd, host, army. 2. 
a side, party. 

:3ocsi)s0od^ tandltundu, see ^cdi 

^cU.Dnf tandas^, s. A privy on 

the bank of a river. 
^c^ tandi, see eica. 
so^fi tandige, see cca;^. 

^odj tandu 


^o^ tanne 

^odJsJodotandutundu, see ^ooiId 
^oork). [raw state, 

^odoo tandula, s. Rice in a 
i>dd tande, s. A silver anklet. 

aoCa2>^, aocls3 tandel^, tandele, i". 

The captain of a native vessel ; 

a boatman, tindal. 
^cra tanna, see 7ioT%. 

"ioT^"^, soro^^jra tannana, taanu- 
mena, see ^e|^?:!. 

toT^'^^ tannasij, see ^TOc3. 

to^ tanni, adj. Cold; cf. Tio?^. 
^o^^5 cold water. 

30 3*, ao:^j tanti^, tantu, s. 
Thread. 2. pulse, vein, nerve. 
3c^ ^js^ ^ociocrfo only the 
pulse beats. 

ioii tanti, -5". Wire. 2. the string 
of a musical instrument. —H 
^^ the telegraph. 

so£j tantra, s. Craft, cunning, 
device, trick, intrigue, plot. 
2. worship performed by hand 
without formulas. 3. a reli- 
gious treatise on formulas, 
rites, eU. for the worship of 
the deities. 4. the part of the 
Vedas treating of magical and 
mystical formulas. 5. subser- 
vience, service, dependance. 
_7^t5, — crocSo, —TkijtBr a crafty 
man. — craS, see ^o^. _ ■do^Ov^ 
to play tricks, to deceive. 

^0^^ tantrajrie, s. A man of art. 

^o^, eo-B,^ tantri, tantrike, s. 
One versed in mystical formu- 
las, rites, e^c. for the worship 
of the deities. 

^oz^ tandu, see t^oE. 

:^oi:3*^(^, ^ouj^sjjo^ tandijipudi, 
tandijimudi, see ^o6ji,^. 

^odj^ tandana, s. An unmean- 
ing sound, used in humming 
a tune. 2. red sandal ; e/. £io 
rf?o. adj. Small. 2. deterio- 
rated, reduced, worn out ^ 
?iA i^orf^ z9oU this ornament 
is worn out. 

toz:^^ tandel^, s. A cudgel, 
club; also — Xoay^. 

:iodsi^ tandodi, s. The handle 
of a plough. 

:iodS)^A tandolig-e, s. The white 
dammer tree Vateria Indica. 

i^o^N tannana, see ^iorf^. 

so?35^tannavu, />-''^?2. One's own; 
his own. 

^ocoa)l, sooj'siri* tannate, tanna- 
teg-ij, pron. For oneself, him- 
self, itself, adv. Of one's own 
accord, by itself. —■^'^^:h'^:>^ 
to walk for oneself, i. e. to act 
as one likes. 

^o^oSj tannaye, s. One's own 
man; a dependant; a friend, 

:^o^^s::«)rliri tannimaniga, s. The 
name of a female demon. 

:^o^ tanne, adv. Near, by, close, 
s. A bystander. — cajo^so?) 
to stand by one. —^jg^^T^ 
to vex. —■v::i't>'r^ to come to- 

^o^^ tannena, adj. Cold, cool. 

;^ocSojo^ tannepinne, s. The old 
and young. 2. box and dice. 

sc?^e tanne 


so'So tamme 

«o^^cl tannede, see i?^. 

&o^d tampade, s. Two slips of 
a bamboo placed close to 
each other, and tied together, 

^oo^ tampu, s. Coolness, cold. 
adj. Cool, cold. — ^.-?)9 cool 
breeze. — ^Lsi to become 
cool; to be appeased, pacified. 
—lij^^^ to cool; to appease, 

^020=0* tambak^, s. The prince's 
metal, an alloy of certain 
metals, pinchbeck. 2. tobacco 

;^o2oy, ^ozoeS tambata, tambate, 
A tambourine, war-drum. 2. 
boast, bragging. 3. see e^osSj^a. 
— ^j5'4o a to brag. 

^oz:^zi tambada, s. A large drum. 

^ozorf tambara, s. Coriander. 2. 

see ?joero'd. 

;so2orfocl tambarande, s. Garlic. 
eo2C^=a* tambakiji, see «o20^. 

«oil?^ tambige, ^. A small, round, 
metal vessel. 

toi^^ tambila, s. An ordinary 
offering to demons, clc. 55^ 
^— .y^e under es^S. ?:iiA— an 
offering to serpents. 2[jjs^— 
a grand offering to demons. 
— ^jsL)F-?i to give such offerings. 

eo2oo tambu, s. A tent. — 5::x)Tli 
S), — so;)^o^) to pitch a tent ; to 
remain, stay; to delay. —-^ 
osolb^ to halt, stop in a march. 

i^oSJOO, :so20J3D tamburi, tambu- 
ri, s. A five-stringed guitar. 
2. a soldier's drum. 

iozoo? tambuli, s. A kind of 
chatni or sauce, prepared of 
cocoanut milk, condiments 
etc. with or without greens, 
and eaten with rice. 

^otoos^^j tambulu, s. Tamil. 

soefpcr tamberu, s. A kind of 
reckoning in the game of 
yekkadi (=3%5). 

^ot3?dJ^i tamberuni, eee iotSe-rfo^. 

;^o23j3^, tambodi, see ^oeow. 2. 

soZ^JS^ tamboli, see -^ov^^. 

©osJo^ tammate, see ^osoy. 

i^oSjjrs tammana, i". Hospitality, 
entertainment; dinner. — sJ 
2jf®o^ a grand wedding dinner. 
—3:3115^ to give a dinner to a 
pregnant women. — •rfj?<j^?> 
to give a dinner to a wedding 

^^ tammanipuni, tammanyuni, 
tammanipuni (ec^rf, ^o^^), 
e'. a. To entertain a guest, 
to give a dinner. 
:sodos3 tammale, i'. A maternal 
uncle. 2. a father-in-law. 
3. a kind of tare growing 
among corns etc. ^ozli^- 
a kind of tare found in 
so^^ori tammuge, i"^^ ^c^. 
^o^jcq tammena, ^^^ ^^^• 
:^o^j^?i tammepuni, see ^^^?>- 
:3o;3.,o*, sc^jS tammery, tamme- 

ri, ^^^ ^^5. 

^0^0 tarame 


i^HD tag-arl 

i^odJs^Oci tammeluni, see i^^oa'o^. 

^0^0)^0:^0 tammeiya, s. An affec- 
tionate form of addressing a 
younger brother. frice. 

^0^0 tammge, s. A kind of 

^oL<or^ tarntuni (^-S^O' "'• ^^• 

To shrivel. 
:^^3^j takatt^, j-. A throne. 

it'^t^^ ;5^si=CT takataka, takapaka, 
s. Agility in dcancing, etc. 
2. bubbling in boiling, adv. 
Nimbly, briskly. 

'ir^. takka, adj. Fit, suitable, 
proper, deserving, worthy. 
— ^co fitness. —zji>^ a proper 
word. — ?i^ocdo a good opportu- 
nity, favourable season. ^ 
?y3j£> suitably, properly, de- 

;^=g',od takkanda, see ^%ori. 

i^^is^ ^^23^, takkat^, takkattij, 
adj. As much as is suitable; 
adequate, sufficient. 

tx!-^ takkadi, s. Large scales. 
— trooSo one who cheats in 
weighing; a rogue. 

^^C3, ST^N takkana, takkana, s. 
A small spoon. 2. a small 
kind of mat; also ^s^j^isid 
a^'. Little. S95ajooEic§K ^^^^^ 
3i^;3Do3o /iV. one who holds 
a spoon where (anything) 
drops, i. e. one who takes 
advantage of another's weak- 
ness, a stingy man. 

i^'^Objdojori)^ takkeyimungei, s. 
The upper arm and forearm. 

i'ijpr\^, ^ =^03 J3r! J takkelagijjtak- 
kelogu, see ^^6x7\:) under ^ 

e^=§Jd,i^ takkona, see ^s^r®. 

^ _ 

2i^D,D^ takraru, s. Interference, 

hinderance. 2. dispute, quar- 

:^-o\^c^ takriru, s. Objection, pro- 
test. — £93?r a counter peti- 
tion. — -s^ov'j^a to object, pro- 
test, quarrel. 

:^-Sv^D* taksiru, s. An offence, 
crime, fault. 

^riu^ tagadi^, s. A thin metal 
plate. —2^o7^:s-^ pure gold. 
s^oT^-dzi— sb gold leaf. 

:ir\6j tagaru, see waS. 

^rido^ tagaruni (^^5), e-, 7z. To 
draw near. 

^ri^, sAe)a, ;^rra:5, :^ads^ 
tagavu, tagadi, tagade, tagavu, 
s. Dunning for payment. 2. 
peremptory demand. 

:^riodj tagume, see o/^. 

:ir{o6 tagule s. A bug. 

^f\ tage, s. A female's elder 

aJ^^D^, :s?|^6 tageiru, tage ire, s. 
Discharge, dismissal. —■^■:j^~\ 
o5 to turn out, dismiss. 

sF^jSD tagori, s. The potter's 

^7^ taggu, ^. Low ground, a 
dale, valley, descent, decli- 
vity, adj. Low, depressed. 
—^^ lowliness, humility. 

^n^i^^ taggavuni, c. v. (of ^ao^ 


^rio taggu 


iU, tatti 

. ^i) To lower, humble. 2. to 
diminish, lessen. 3- to level 

^r!o^ tSLggum (^?x)' ^'•^- '^^ ^^ 
humble, modest. 2. to in- 
cline, lean. 

^A6 taggele, ^. A lowly or 
humble man; also e?^acroo3o. 

^Ti^ tagmali^, s. A female 
slave, maid-servant. 

^A tagme, s. A male slave, 

^no^ tajankij, s. The plant 
Cassia tora. 

tt^-^ tajapu, s. Notching, inden- 
tation, ai//'. Indented, notch- 
ed. _sj3oo^ to cut into a 
row of teeth. 

^'i^-^'^ tajapuni (^3^), v. a. To 
chop, cut in pieces. 

^'&tjS^ tajibiji, ^. Endeavour, 
effort, exertion. 2. cogita- 
tion, reflection. -lii^o^S) to 
endeavour, try ; to reflect ; to 
get out of a scape by unlaw- 
ful means. 

^\^t\ tatijga, s. A ladle. 

;^y tata, s. A shore, bank. 

i^^s* tatakij, s. A drop. 

^y^ tatakka, see ^«^?3. 

s^s^y tatapata, s. A slapping 
sound. 2. loquacity. 

;^y^ tatappa, «^^. Heavily, 
with a jerk. 2. suddenly. 
_20;3-dos) to fall heavily cr 
^^■3^ tatane, see ^w^n. 

^bi)^S sbDsj, eej-sO tatal^j, ta- 
tala, tatali, see e^J&sao. 

;^eJe)5^ tatavu, s. A lake, pond. 

^ei^ej tatila, s. A snapping noise. 

€^ tatt^, ^. A country pony, 
a pack-horse. a/i"!? — ^orfo^. 
2. the forearm; also ^^^^0^. 
«(^'. Serious, critical. — ^t^4 
much delay. — ?io3^rf a serious 
illness. -rfooozSosoii- the stalk 
of screw pine. 

^b'.S?;^ tattijLvas^j, see ^&x>^o3. 

s£j, tatta, ^t-^ ^y.^- 

;^y tatta, .^^^ ^^^j- 

^y o«* tattankij, .y. Hinderance, 

^ei,?2 tattane, f?^^. Speedily, 
quickly. 2. suddenly, unex- 
pectedly, without premedita- 
tion. -?ic^4?>, — ^?^^ to go 
quickly or suddenly. — ^f^^ 
to say instantly or without 

i>l\t,. tattaupa, see ^u^. 

^ej^.sjjri tattavuni, c. v. {of ^\i^j^) 
To cause to hit, strike. 

^^D,^, sbs),?:^ tattasi, tattasi^, 

;^|j tatti, .y. A screen or blind 
made of split bamboos, cadjan 
palm leaves, etc. 2. a honey- 
comb. ^^ ^^- a mat made 
of split canes. ^^— a small, 
low kind of wooden trough. 
—^otlisS) a wicker strainer, 
sieve. — ^^iiorel the wooden 
lid and the strainer of a 

^13, tatti 


^j| tade 

culinary vessel. — ^wo^o) to 
put up a screen or blind as 
protection from rain. 

^li.sjjoejj, tattimuttu, ^. A vessel 
for distilling liquor. 2. 
culinary utensils. 3. house- 
hold stuff. 

i^ejj tattu, see ^0^. 

^eJo^r; tattuga, s. A flat kind 
of trough for serving boiled 

^e3j,;i tattuni, see ^Sj|^too^. 

^eJj.^ooyo, tattumuttu, ^.btrait, 
dilemma; cf. ^^^oUJ^. 

21^ tatte, ^^^ Empty, void 
within. —-^-^^ good and bad 

^^J3,r3J^ tattonuni v. rrfl. 
(of ^w>i,^), carry on 


haunch, as natives do a child. 
thi^Ti^ tatvas^, s. Unevenness, 

inequality, variation, as in 

^u>'t tadijpe, see ^A^- 
;^ro*iJ3r30^) tad^tonuni, v. refl. {of 

^a^si) To quarrel or dispute 

i>Ti tada, see ^t^sj- 
■iii tada, s. Wool, fur. 2. skin 

with soft hair. 
i>Ti'o^ tadakij, s. Intoxication. 
i>Ti'^ tadapu, see sifs^. 
:^c^^j3£3 tadamata, s. Fumbling. 
:^^^o tadame, s. A kind of stile 

or narrow entrance to a 


sJ^oSj tadayi, s. A small earthen 
cup or plate. 

:i,il-^ tadava, see eiis^^- 

i>Ti'^ tadavu, s. Delay, hinde- 
rance, impediment. 2. a slow- 
coach or dilatory person. 
_£yL^ to get late, to be de- 
layed. ~-^^:i^?i to delay, 

t^ tadi, s. An inferior kind of 
saddle. — rf^^^i to join imper- 

^a^^ tadipuni (s^ti), d. a. To 
quarrel, dispute, contend, 
struggle. FTO^cdo- to dispute, 


;^:l tade, s. Hinderance, obsta- 
cle. 2. charm for serpents. 
-s^wo^a, -t.oh^ to stop the 
motion of a serpent by incan- 
tations; to obstruct, hinder. 
— ^sjSK^^ato remove the charm, 
to break a spell. — sjsc^o^ to 
hinder, impede ; to charm. 

:^^S3'3S^^ tadepavuni, c. v. (of ^ 
'dh^'^ To hinder, impede, ob- 

i^loj^, :icl^^tadepini, tadepuni, 
(^^), 7'. a. To hold off: to 
hinder, keep back, prevent, 
stop; to oppose. 

^^35) tadeppu, s. Stoppage, 
resistance. 2. anything put 
up to stop a passage. 

:^jloSo tadeyi, see j^tSoso. 

:^^ojjo^, :gcl5j?i tadeyuni, tade- 
vuni (^^), "'. n. To halt, stop, 
tarry. 2. to bear, endure, 


id tade 



c&>^E f.^ «^^-5 20 e3 




I can bear it no more. 
gsl4 tadevu, s. A halt, stopping, 

tarrying. 2. impediment, 

szldj?rso^) tadevonuni, v. refl. {of 

^i^-s^^S) To bear, suffer; to be 

sCaO, tadpu, s. A foreign cloth. 

— -rfoA a kind of loom. 


tzh ^ tadpuni, see ^a^r^. 

st^ tadpe, s. A sieve for cleans- 
ing grain, ^/r. — •;iiocojsco a 
large turban. — Aij^^ ///. a 
sieve and a brom: a bad 
omen; a cruel woman. 

^dr^ , tzi ' tadya, taddya, s. A 
step, stair, (^^st^o the middle 
step. Ssrr-^n the lower step, 
threshold, ^f^'^^ ^^^ lintel 
of a door. 

■it^-Ff tanasu, s. Wetness, damp- 
ness, adj. Wet. —t'^ wet 

s^^T. tanipuni (^rf), v. a. To 
cool, pacify, soothe, comfort. 

sc^ci^^ taniyuni (^rf), v. it. To 
become cool, calm. 

i^c^Q' tanilu, .y^^ ^^-^^• 

sCcU tanu, i'. Coolness, cold. 2. 
quenching, appeasement. -^ 
'E^o.^'j to cool; appease, as 
hunger, etc. 

^s«^ j^tatkshana, adv. Instantly. 

tton tatan^a,^. Obstacle, hinder- 
ance, complication, entangle- 


5^pro tateilasa, 

s. A joyous 

s3%^ tatkala, adj. The time 
then or now. 3g3,?;;5A0 for 
the present, for the time 

as tatta, i". A shuffle, artifice; 
2. jesting, joking, ^^r-. Shuffl- 
ingly. 2- jestingly. — sjs^ 
■oo-". to speak shufflingly or 

^3];^0 tattara, see ^s^^. 

t^ tatti {past pari, of ^5|^^), 
rt!^//'. Missed, beyond reach, 
failed. — ssicdo, —^jCABwhat is 
past; a lost opportunity; a 

tt tatra, s. An umbrella. 

^4 tatva, -S". Essential nature, 
*feal nature of the soul. 2. 
the Supreme Being. 3. truth, 
reality, substance, 4. mind, 
intellect. 5. identity. —■ds&^-4'^ 
instruction in the real nature 
of the Supreme and human 
spirit; cf. :^g^. 

sS'S.a tatvadi, s. Mystical theo- 
logy, [want. 
s. Destitution, 

tatvartha, s. The essen- 
tial purpose. 

adNosdtadanantara, ^af-t'. After- 
wards, subsequently. 

ttit\z^ tadigina, -?. Beating time 
in dancing to music. 2. in- 
trigue, plot. 3. upsetting, fall. 
—x:i>-:k>r^ to dance ; to be over- 
turned. -Tii^o^r^ to intrigue. 

ss-gc tatvara, 

^a tadi 


^3j tappa 

:iQA tadige, s. The third day 

of the lunar fortnight. 
^zj^ taddu, s. Ketch, qualm. 
^dj taddu, s. An eruption or 

a . 

swelling, erysipelas. 

^do?i tadduni (^^^, v. n. To 
retch, puke, to be qualmish. 

^^ tana, An affix to form ab- 
stract nouns \ e.g. oSoz? good, 
(£>sd^^ goodness. I.genit. of 

;^^-S-, f^i^ tanaki, tanikhi, s. 

Examination, investigation, 

^f^rj^ tanas^, see ^s^oJ. 
^^35)^ tanipuni, see ^A^^. 
;^^Dijo^ taniyuni, see ^rfodoo?>. 
^^j tanu, see ^r®o. 2. the body. 

^c^o=^os;^o tanukulu, pron. hon. 
plur. of 33^. 

^^ tane, ^. Conceiving, breeding, 
as cattle, sheep, etc. —^h?i 
to be conceived. — »"rfoo), — qo 
3io?) to be big with young. 
"^L— the incipient stage of 
being with young. 

.;^N0JJ0?i taneyuni (=^^), t'. ^z. Cat- 
tle or animals to be big with 

t>t> tapa, see ^x;f3. 

"itttt) tapatapa, s. Palpitation. 

^3JUe)=5^, s3Joi5=l, i^sJcDS* tapa- 
rak^, taparake, taparatu, s. 
Slapping the cheek <?r temple. 

^3Je; tapala, s. A spear, lance. 

:^3is3 tapale, s. A large metallic 
cooking vessel, saucepan. 

:^3JS?53* tapasilij, ^^^ ^?^?^. 

^si?j^ tapasv, J-. Prayer, devo- 
tion, religious austerities. 
^3j^ a devotee, ascetic. ^^'? 
ai£J power of devotion. 

:^33D25^ tapal^, see ws^'5'. 

^?jD^3* tapavati^, .y. Difference, 
discrepancy. 2. cheating, de- 
ceit. 3. prevarication, equi- 
vocation, evasion. 

^^ojjj^ tapiyuni (^^), v. n. To 
burn, be inflamed, hot. 

a^^qJ^ tapodhane, .'^. An ascetic. 

:^ ^ ^ ^ s^ taponishtha, .s . The prac- 
tice of religious austerities. 

^^^20w tapobala, see under ^^oj. 

i3j tapta, adj. Heated, inflam- 
ed, boiling, burnt. 2. affected 
•with pain or grief. -:3?^ 
heated body. — ^f^c^ mind 
affected with grief. 

;^33^ tapp^, see ^^. 

i>ti tappa, s. Sap; cf. ^^rf. -A-t. 

^3i,o?T303otappangayi, s. Scram- 
bling for cocoanuts thrown in- 
to a crowd of people. — ooT^or^i 
to gamble with cocoanuts. 

asj -d-itiTi, tt^jitj, tappadatap- 
pada, tappadappa, adv. Occa- 
sionally, now and then, alter- 

^^^^ tappadeppu, s. Conceal- 
ing one's fault. 

tty^-^.'^ tappadesuni (^^^c3), 
V. a. To hide, conceal, as one's 
fault. V. n. To escape, evade. 

^'^t\ tapparige, see S7\b-R. 




^"i^ tabbi 

s^^^^ tappalipuni, see ^^^«5 

si3^^^ tappavuni, cv. (o/^^^ 
si) To cause to err, evade. 
2. to extricate, disentangle, 

^^ tappu, s. A fault, mistake, 
error. 2, an offence, crime. 
— ^o2534si to accuse, charge 
with a fault ^r crime, —-^^x 
» to err; to commit a crime. 

^^K^ tappu, s. A leaf, foliage. 2. 
vegetables, greens. 

:^^CsO^ tappuduni (=^4^^), v. a. 
To beat the bush in hunting, 

a^o^ tapputippu, s£e ^sSsdo. 

sogi_^^ tappuni (e). V. n. To mis- 
take, err, sin. . 2. to miss, 
escape, slip. 3. to fail iu an 
engagement ^/ promise; also 
^S^?b^. oSj?::;^ ^IcSImade 
a mistake; I missed. <oc^ ^ 
^c5 it slipped from me, or I 
have lost. 

i^^Ori tapperig-e, see i^&A 

i^^SoJoj^i tappoliyuni (s^<5). 
V. n. To be covered with foli- 
age as a tree, to grow to leaf. 

^h^if tapsil^, s. An analysis, 
detail, the particulars of an 
account. [-^ tray. 

tij"^ tabakiji, s. A salver or plate, 

^zoo'o^ tabakuni (^soi^), z-. «. To 
desire, wish, covet, v. n. To 
be allured, enticed, tempted. 

'^iJkjf tabat^, s. Unsavouriness, 
acerbity, -t.^^^ to be unsa- 

^EJ£Jo^ tabatuni (^soSi), v. n. To 
be unpalatable to the taste; 
to remain as after-taste. 

^ej^ tabate, s. A kind of fish. 

:^2J^ tabate, s. The name of a 
creeper, -t.z^'r the fruit of 
it, (eaten by children). 

;^ao£i tabali, see ^'^^■ 

^jS tabi, s. Flavour, taste; also 
7^"^. adj. Savoury, delicious. 

az^)^ tabite, see «^B. 

i>tS^'^ tabipuni (^s3), v. a. To 
appease, as the appetite. 2. 
to smack. 3. see o&ieSS). 

^zisSo tabime, s. A follower. 

;^^JJ=3'o tabuku, j"^<? ^■^^. 

i^zjo's'jd^od tabukuda-mara, i"^^ 

;^20ja^ tabudippu, see ^23^2^- 
;^20J0 taburi, 5-. A pot. r ^ 
^toocSj taburu, s. A kind of red 
^WJ0 tabuli, sec ^2^°^- 
^^JJe3 tabule, ^^t oAod 

t'&^'^ tabepuni (^^), ^'. ^«. To 
long, eagerly desire. 

^zSdo^ taberuni (^sfS), ^z. (2. To 

s2o^ tabela, i". A stable. 

acOg tabta, ^e^ ^^• 

^2^ "C^ tabdili^, s. Change, alter- 
atiou, variation. 

:^A,2^A tabbibbu, J". Distraction, 
confusion. 2. variation, dif- 
ference, adj. Irregular. 

^'u\27 tabbilij, see ^23^6. 2. see 

:dCi. tabbi 


:iu tara 

;^"A^ tabbila, see ^eSe;. 
^25^© tabbili, ^^^ ^20o^«5. 

i^m^ tabbuni ('^^^), ^'. « To 
feel, grope. 

.^;u)j^£)W^ tabbudibbu, see ^e^j^^^- 

^2Oj.0 tabbuli, i'. An orphan. 
adj. Low, vulgar. 2. weak, 
infirm. 3. cowardly, timid. 

^^otama,.?. Darkness. 2. mental 
darkness, ignorance. 3. world- 
ly delusion. 

^sjj=^ tamake, s. Leisure, respite, 
opportunity. 2. delay, pro- 
crastination. —'^jnhF^, — a?L)S), 
—sjstIjs) to delay, put off, 

i;do^ tamate, s. A tambour. 
2. a little drum. 

i^do^Oooo^i, tamaniyuni, see ^o^j 

;^^oD*, isjod tamaru, tamara, ^. 

;^s^jo^, arfoO, ^s3j6 tamar^, ta- 

mari, tamare, see ^5j5, 
:^sjj?;^ tamas\ji, see ^rfo. 

i^sjjsdj^, i^sjj^doj tamamijL, ta- 
mamu, s. The whole, adj. All. 

:^Sj3s)^, :^sjjs;^ tamase, tamase, s. 
A show, fun, sport, amuse- 
ment. — 7^t5 a pantomime, 
one fond of show or amuse- 
ments; a W'lg. — sDirSj^ to 
crack j okes, — ti^o^o^^ to make 
fun. |-^^o5. 

;^^JD* tamirij, s. A gimlet. 2. j-^^ 

i^sjjo'^-^, ;^^o^j tamul^, tamulu, 
s. Tamil. 

^s^oJ3?o5* tamusak^, s. A bond. 
^wo^^ tamepuni(^5-i), v. a. To 

pour, spill. 2. to cast into a 

^sSosSs^* tamepelu, i". Effusion, 

;^^oodoj^ tameyuni, .y^^ ^^oe;o^. 

^^OD^ tamerij, i'. One who gives 
a bride away in marriage; a 

:^s3o&aJjo^ tameriyuni (^^o5), 
^'. 72. To extricate, disen- 
tangle, save. 

^^jCj^ tameruni, see ^i2-do?i. 

^^oe;j^, :^dj5J;^ tameluni, tame- 
vuni, V. n. To overflow, run 
over or out. 2. to menstru- 

:^s3JS?i1or3 tamoguna, ^. The 
quality of darkness; igno- 
rance; passionate or angry 
disposition; of. ^^o. 

^oio^^ tayapuni, see ^a^i^S). 

s03j'3D* tayar^, s. Preparation, 
readiness, adj. Ready. — ^ 
h^ to become ready. — a?bs) 
to keep ready. — -^^o^^ to 
prepare, make ready. 

soSo tayi, see ^y 

^03j^ tayila, see ^^£). 

scOoO tayili, i-t'^ \^- 

sd tara, j". Kind, sort, class, 
grade. 2. manner, mode. 3. 
a line, row, range. — ^^ 
variety ; variegation ; gra- 
dation, order, method. ^tS^s^j 
^•d a good match. 

:3 d tara 


a6 tare 

;^do=a^, iuoTf taranku, tarang-^, 

see TidoK. 
i^doljj^ tarantuni, see ^cwjra. 
tt'S^ taraki^, see ^^^. 

^d=ae)0 tarakari, s. Vegetables 
in general. 

:^d=CTJsr3.?i tarakonuni (^Ti?fja?©), 
7.'. r^. To receive, accept. 2. 
to hear, listen, mind. 

:iiinf taradu, see ^5r. 

edra taraua, i". Fording, cross- 
ing, passing over. 

:^d:2^j? taratamya, see ^s-d^^n. 

;^d3, taratra, see «t3;^j. 

io^ tarapu, ^. A side, party. 
2. care, custody. ^t/r^. To- 

:^o^^ tarapuni («^), v. a. To 
rivet, fasten firmly, v. n. To 
be riveted, fixed. 

^d^§ tarapoli, j-a- ^^^^9. 

^323^3*, ^dSoe-B tarabsti^, tara- 
beti, s. Training, education. 
— ■^^^S) to train, instruct. 

^djJ3§ taravali, see ^os^®. 

^Orj* tarasu, ^"^6^ a^oJ- 

:^d^ tarale, i". Slander, calum- 
ny. 2. backbiting, tale- 


— d 2oS^ a mischiev- 

ous backbiter. —7^-6 a sland- 
erer, talebearer. — sdrfv?) to 
slander, backbite. 
:^De)o^C tarantara, j^i;? ^eroo^. 

:^dd:^(j taratara, ^. Variety in 
goods. 2. distinction of rank, 
etc.\ cf. ^-d. 

t^ii'iJz taraturi, i^. Haste, speed. 

^o^zc^, ^Dt)^«? tarabali, taravali, 
s. Kind, species; variety, 
diversity, adj. Various, di- 

aQ^?i taripuni (^^S), t'. a. To 
lop off, as the superfluous 
branches of a tree; to clear, 
as a jungle. 

^OoJjj^ tariyuni (^&), v. n. To 
stay, stop, tarry, delay. 

ad J tarn, ^. A small kind of fish; 
any little fish. — eooir, _aDo 
■rfow a swamp with such fishes. 
— aijsecoo a small kind of 

^djoEoo tarumbu, s. A bunch of 

sSori taruni, s. A girl, young 
woman. 2. a wife. [man 

i^DocI tarune, s. A youth, young 

gdosj taruva, see ei-dj. 

ad tare, s. The head, top, 2. the 
hair of the head. 3. gener- 
ation. — 5 ^tS from generation 
to generation. — sir^S^l 
upside down, topsyturvy, head- 
long. — ^r®4 poll-tax. —555 a 
head-load. —2^=7^5 head-orna- 
ments. —25=^ headache. — 5^^» 
to behead, decapitate; to injure, 
ruin. — 5^«3L^ to leave the 
head bare. — tfjsbr^ /?/. to 
offer the head ; to undertake, 
engage in; to submit; to take 
the risk. — ?\53dJo^, — SoAjr^ 
to be giddy, confused; to be 
tipsy ; to become proud. — ^ 
z:i>rL:i?i to impute, attribute. 

^6 tare 


:^=^J3r tarko 

—Ticzid^ lit. the head to shake ; 
to be improved in one's cir- 
cumstances; to gain power. 
_E07\s ^» to bow the head ; 
to humiliate ; to be modest, 
polite. — ajAO S) the head to be 
bowed down ; to be ashamed ; 
to be humiliated. —■i:^'d:>Tti to 
comb the hair. — -doo^^^ to 
introvert the tuft-knot. -'^ 
?f^4^ to thrive, prosper, —f^ 
a4o> the head to ache, oiio^ 
^■Q (^^ lit. I have no head; 
I have a severe headache, 
■iti) taretra, i". A turban, head- 

:^6^?D^ tarenirij, s. Spring or 
fountain on the top of a hill, 
irrigating the land below. 2. 
amniotic fluid or fruitwater, 
— si&aioo^ the amnios to burst 
or break. 
;^6^^ tarepuni (^^), v. a. To 
grind, rub. 2. to try, assay 
:^6^53 tarebile, s. Exorbitant 
price, overcharge. 2. the 
price fetched by the first sale 
of goods. 
^ds^ocd taremande, s. The skull. 
—rfijsrc^coS) to quarrel; to break 
one's head over a business. 
^dsJooD taremuri, s. Determina- 
tion, resolution, —^f^^ to say 
definitely, decisively ; to make 
known one's resolution. 
edoj.o^ tareyuni (^^j, v. n. To 
be rubbed off; to abrade; 

wear away, to become thin, 
^6o* tarel\j, adj. Worn out. 
— ^S a blunt or worn out 
:^64?> tarevuni, see ^T?ocioo?). 
ttsi>^ taroli, s. A kind of 
creeper ; also ^^a— . 2. the tree 
Rhynchoglossum obliq.., the 
leaves of which are used for 
cleansing the head in bathing. 
oSo^or— a larger species of 
the same. 3. a milky plant, 
^tsi>°4:> tarolu, s. A kind of tree 
the leaves of which are used 
by toddy-drawers to rub the 
horn of palm trees. £3j3s;<o^_ 
a white species of the same. 
tt^^'it) tarotara, see ^vs^. 
id tarra, see tixij. 
:i'^F tarka, s. Dispute, discussion, 
reasoning. 2. logic. — craoSo 
a disputant, sophist. — ■s^^, 
—■53^ the science of logic. 
—•rfj^o^^ to dispute, discuss, 
si^F^, a'^Fi^ tarkatti, tarkatte, 
s. The curved knife of a toddy- 
:^=3'jSFr3J^ tarkonuni (^"S^j^rf^), 
V. a. To hold up in one's arms, 
as a sick person; cf. ^li^jsr^Oo). 
e>=isi-^-€>\ s^Ji^rejJ tarkolu, tar- 
kolu, s. A key. 2. a mid- 
wife. 3. assisting a woman in 
labour. — s'os.-'o^^ to assist a 
woman in labour. . 

:ir\r targa 


t6 tale 

^riro5o targayi, see AAroso, 

sT^JSrd targode, s. Leanness, 
thinness. 2. a lean man. 

^sSrdj, :^2iordo tarjime, tarju- 
me, s. Translation. — -^^o^^ 
to translate, interpret. 

sjs^r tardi^, s. The testicles. 

asirrs tarpana, s. Satisfaction. 
2. a religious rite, present- 
ing water to the manes of the 
deceased or to the gods. 
—tfjsbr^ to present such water ; 
to satisfy, please. 

;^Sje)r4^, i^j^FdOci tarpavuni, 
tarpuduni, c. z\ {of ^^r^) To 
cause to bring, send for. 2. 
to get, obtain. 

;s3^r^ tarpuni (^^), "'. a. To 
rivet, fix firmly. 2. to depress, 
humble, v. n. To be riveted. 
2. to be depressed. 

^^dFt^ tarmena, see ««3^J^. 

;^sjr tarva, see ^j^-do. 


^s2r£3* tarvelij, s. Holding up in 
^s?F tarle, see ^^-s?. 
^e; tala, see ®^ & ^^. 

^oozcj talambu, ^. The sun- 
hemp, Crotalaria juncea. 

ae;=a talake, s. A slip (?;' lath of 
a bamboo, "^j,®— the bone bet- 
ween the wrist and elbow. 

^e;rij«J talagulle, see 7(ji^. 

s^^'^ talapuni (^e;), v. n. To 
arrive, reach; cf. ^e^o^^. 

a^zoj, ^^^ talabu, talavu, s. 
Pay, wages. 2. a tribute in 
a gam£ of cards. 

:^^d talara, ^. A kind of whit- 
low between the toes. 

:3^?oj^ talasuni, see ^e;soJt5o^o^^ 
under e£toc3. 

aSJ^o^d, :^«i73o^ talantara, ta- 
lantra, s. A generation; an 
age; cf. ri ^?3c#a. 

323j)S^ talavu, ^. A large tank. 

siU^rf talasi^, s. Inquiry, search. 

2. procuring, providing —'^ 

's'o^^a to search ; to procure. 
aS^ talipu, s. Sprinkling. 2. 

see t€i^. 
sS^^ talipuni («e3), z-, ^. To 

s^j talu, «4'. Thrashed, beaten. 

—^L thrashed straw. 
^e;o=3'j3J(Si5 talukupadika, s. A 


^s3 tale, s. A rop, for climbing 
palm trees. "^L— the hand- 
rope, tfsS— the foot rope, 
—sjstlcS^ the whole apparatus 
of a toddy drawer. 

:^s3oaoo talembu, s. A pillow. 

;3s3^i^D^ taleniri^, see ^^^e5, 

:ss5s:ii, talepatta, s. A head-orna- 
ment of a devil-dancer. 

;^«3^ talepu, s. Interruption, 

ss3^^ talepuni (se3), 7'. «;. To 
interrupt, hinder, stop, detain, 

;^s3;Jocl talemani, s. A head 
ornament worn by a devil- 
dancer. — £i^5'o9 a tasselled 
headband of a demon-priest. 

:d6 tale 


:i^ tala 

^dsiod taleinara, s. The frame 

of a thrashing stool. 
(o,^ talkatti, see ^"^fS. 
i^d_, taiku, s. An ambush. 
■;^oj,^ talkuni, ^^^ ^cjj^^. 

^(i;j^^ talpuni (^<5), 7'. a. To 
drop. 2. to knock, shake off, 
as fruit from a tree. 3. to 
thrash, as paddy. ^<t)\^ £3j3?d 
a thrashing ox. 

^^ji talmena, s. Refreshment, 
revival, relief. aJj. Cool, 
cold, refreshing, bracing. — ^ 
^ a cool breeze. 

;^t;r3 tallana, adj. Wavering, 

^£) talli, s. A kind of cucumber 

:^^o ^ talluni (^^), 7'.«. To pene- 
trate, push in, press through. 
2. to hide, conceal. 

^s3 talle, .s^^ ^t' ^t' ^t- -^^<j 
•cfo^ to be proud, arrogant. 

^^ h6 tallepille, see ^o^ho^. 

^0"3,Q^ talvar^, s. A scimitar. 

:^^d tavara, .y. Tin. 

^S3e)OoO tavayi, i". Delay, deten- 
tion. 2. baiting in a journey. 
-TSd^.y^^ to halt, stop, delay. 

^s^- tavu-, see under s^. 

:^s^o=3'o tavunku, s. Agitation. 

e^^odsJorf tavukuda-mara, s. A 
kind of fruit tree. ^4^rf 
3ioSr its fruit. 

;^s^do tavudu, j-^^? #3tli. 

^^i tavute, see s^i. 

^^do^i tavuruni (^4S), t/. <a!. To 

cut away any leaves <?;' brush- 
wood, to clear a bush. 

i^^jDd tasara, see =iris-rf. 

;^h3"c5 tasibi, see ^h^. 

^nf-,, ^Tip taskij, taskara, s. A 
trick, wile, pretext. 2. a mis- 
take, error. 

:^?d,D^ taskar^, ^. Theft, robbery; 


^rij5 taskare, .9. A thief, robber. 

^rf^, ^Tid^ tast^, tastu, s. A 
basin, broad mouthed vessel. 

-dh,=5\ r^^n^ ^^^^S ^'ri^A 
tastik^, tastigu, tastikij, tas- 
tige, s. A government allow- 
ance for a temple. 

:ir^, :ik taspi, tasbi, s. The 
rosary of Mohammedans. 

^^, ^^D taha, taha, s. Consent, 
agreement. 2. a contract; 
/2:/j'£> ^SoSfTO^o. — T^o^Ov^ to 
agree; to contract. 

;^3o|)^o^ tahasil\j, i". Collection 
of revenue. — crotS the revenue 
officer of a taluk, a tahsildar. 
^^S?e5^ the post of a tahsil- 

;^^ tala, .?. Low ground, base, 
bottom. 2. see ^^. — eondo^ 
to find out a place for a 
building. _ ^yo^^i to lay a 
foundation. _zi^^^ to lie 

flat on the ground; to be 
in a great calamity; to be 
^^^0^, talatantra, s. Ruin, 
desolation, destruction. 

t^ tala 


g^o^ tante 

^^t^ talatala, s. Glitter, lustre, 
—•^csios) to glitter, flash, 
^v"sj£i, S^si^ talapata, talapat- 
t^, s. Ruin; c/. ©^^o^. a^'.- 
Vacant, empty, deserted, 
waste. — ■rfo^Jx^) to devastate, 
^»^-;°^ talapala, see ei^ei^. 
^^2.^;^, ^s;*5^js^ talabala, talamala, 
s. Alarm, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness. 
^^Se)6 talavare, s. A village 

g^5)o^c3 talantara, .J^^ ;^wo^Ti. 
^¥^0 talara, s. A sore in the toes. 
^^^^ talipuni, 5^^ ^e3^S). 
^§cr talirij, i-. A sprout, bud, 

shoot. -^^ a tender leaf. 
:^°^o talu, ^^^ ^'^• 
i^3j}^ talepuni, ^^^ ^eSsj^, ^d^S). 
^s^o^^ talpuni, .y^^ ^2j^s>- 
^^^ talmena, see ^e^^- 
^^ talli, s. Slander, calumny, 
defamation. 2. intercourse, 
interference, association. 3. 
see ^e5- adj- Slanderous. 
2. anonymous, -'^^r an ano- 
nymous petition. 
^«^o,^ talluni, .y^^ ^e^^s>- 
;^^ talle, i-. A heap. 2. plunder. 

— Ls?, see eojSbocS. 
3i)o^rs tankana, s. Fosterage, 
fostering. -z<o£:> a foster 

father. —^'^ 

—35 2C53?3 a foster child. 

^ a foster mother. 

3Do^ii^^ tankavuni, c. v. {of 
a3o5o^) To cause to nurse. 
2. to cause to give {said by 

s>i>o^^^ tankuni {^-^), ^'. a. To 
take care of, nourish, bring 
up. foster, nurse, feed; shel- 
ter. 2. to give {said by Pa- 

3Do7^ tangij, s. A support, prop. 
_=^j3br^, — s^BTlJSi to prop, sup- 
port, provide with support. 
—^■S,f6 supporting by holding 
up in arms. 

gDorio^ tanguni (ssoK), v. a. To 
assist, help. 2. to prop, sup- 
port, sustain. 

3DoAj^y^^^ tangolipuni (^-'^ 
<?), z'.a. To support. 

3t)o22J^ tannuni, see sscXo^. 

3"Sosi tanca, see ^ci^. 

3Dce^4c^ tancavuni, see sso&s 

3«)o2^j^ tancuni, set ssz^^. 

3Dob^s5JS?c£3* tant^mont^, adj. 
Crooked, bent. 2. vain^ useless. 
s. Debris, fragments. 

35)0^1) 4 ?j tantavuni, c v. {of 
sbcWJn) To make touch, to 
bring into collision or con- 
tact. 2. to set one person 
against another. 

SDoeio^ tantuiii (^-^), -'• ^^- To 
touch, hit, come into collision 
or contact with. 2. to quar- 
rel, fight. 

3^0^ tante, adj. Lean, thin, 
slender. -^^ lean slender 

3»)ocle tande 


3D^ tata 

legs. — ^j8?oB a cripple, a 
decrepit person. — t^jsoeoo a 
slender horn. ' 

3"3ocl<^s3 tandele, see ^ow5. 

3e)o^ofl tantanne, s. A glutton. 

3s)o3y^ tantrike, ^"^^ ^-fj- 

3s)oW23, 3"3o2oe3 tambati, tam- 
bate, see eSosoa 

3s)oW3r3 tambana, J. A metallic 
dish or tray. 

aj)ot.J3^ tambula, -J. Betel leaf 
and areca nut, — si^rc® chew- 
ing betel. 

3DO20, tambra, ^. Copper, adj. 
Copper-coloured. — rf eSosoo a 
copper-pot. —s:^ ^aS a cop- 
per plate. — ^?j, ' — '^°^^ calx 
<?/' oxide of copper. 

3«)=^^djci takatemara, s. The 
tree Morinda citrifoUa. 

Saj-S-^ takika, .v. True report, 
correct information. 

S'S-o-s^, SD-S-^, 3^-Sra takitiji, ta- 
kidi^, takidi, s. An order, 
command, injunction. — ^ja 
br-^, -^o^o^S) to order, direct. 

3ff;^oiJ3^=^o, 3j;=5^odJ3?TS'o takuto- 
ku, takudoku, s. Responsi- 
bility ; risk, liability, adj. 
Responsible ; liable. 

s?)^o^ takuni (3^^), "'. n. To 
hit, touch; of. ssao^. 

3Dri taga, ^^^t'. Pointedly, direct- 
ly; explicitly. — sSr^^ to say 
directly, refer pointedly. 

2r37Te)S^^ tagavuni, c. v. (of sbao 
t^) To cause to touch, make 

hit. Zj&od:)^ ajoiorh— to set 
one against another. 

3e)r1o^ tag^uni (s^K), 7>. a. To 
touch, hit, come in collision 
or contact with. v. n. To be 
impressed, sensible. ei-o^oK 
3joa?i4 ssKcS he was impress- 
ed by what was said. 

:^e)2^o^ tacuni (s^^), ^. ^^^ Tq 
come in collision. 

3Dt3^ taja, adj. Fresh, new ; ge- 
nuine. 2. fair, correct. -^e;Sj 
/z^^'^ /5^;z^, a postscript. -^§ a 
fair copy. -^.-^^ a genuine 

3«)23es3^ tajip^, «^//. Marvellous. 

3s)eio^ tatanka, s. An ear-orna- 

3«)IJt3- tataki, j-. A female giant. 
2. a quarrelsome woman. 

3t)ei tati, j-. Clapping the hands; 
applause, ~e.^'e>^^^ to clap 
the hands; to applaud. 

^e)^ tate, s. A kind of fish. 

3t)^FS tadane, j-. Beating, whip- 

3e)^ tadi, i"^^ 2^ci. 

3^c^o tadu, i^. Goring ; also ss^ssy. 

3d:^o^ taduni (ssS), t-. «. To 

gore with the horns ; to butt. 
3^:1 o^ tldelu, s. The act of 

goring or butting. 
3^ra tana, s. A place ; cf. ;d3 ji. 

-a/;, _rf ^jcS5 a lampstand'. 
3D^o3o, 3531)030 tatayi, tatayi, 

i-. Caraway seed, Curum 

carui\ cf. 2S?-du;&. 


3e)3 tati 


3e)C5 tara 

3«)v3 tati, s. A kind of oruament; 
also ssSiiirf. 2. see ©3^3. 

3e)£00 taturi, ^. Eloquence, 
ability, cleverness; cf. zss'so 
odor-. 2. love, affection ; c/. 

3^i tate, ^. A grand-father. 2. 

3e)3^o±)r, 3^|^Cg^ tatparya, s. 
Sentiment, opinion, notion. 
2. love, affection. 3. purport, 
meaning. 4. object, intent, 
design, purpose. — sif^a to 
tell one's opinion. — B?La to 
care, favour. 

3s)3^d tatsara, s. Slight, dis- 
respect, contempt. 

3^a tadi, see ;^a. [goods. 

3e)^^ tan^, s. A web of piece- 

33^* tan^, /*^<?^2- Self, one's self. 

3D?i tana, ^^^ ?^n. 

g-s^=^ tanike, see ;^?i^. 

S^si tapa, s. Heat, burning. 
2. fever, inflammation. 3. an- 
guish, distress. 

3-ssJ:^,, 3«!s^^,oJ.tapatra,tapatra- 
ya, .s. Grief, distress, trial, 

3-iih tapi, s. A trowel. 

33^3^^ tapipuni (3^?^), ^. «• To 

burn. 2. 5^^ ?te l^^S). 
33^ tapu, J. A watchman's 

stand in a field. 2. an ambush. 
3^20J^o tabulu, ^. A tinsel, brass 

leaf. 2. the cuts, as of a 

precious stone. 
5s)20J5so tabutu, s. The cage 

made of paper and tinsel by 

Mussalmaus at the Moharam. 
3"i)22tabe, s. Control. 2. charge, 

care. ^?i aS£2S eros?^ he is in 

your charge. 
3'5SJj?^o3j tamakayi, see ^^^. 
3e)^jCci tamani, <s'^^ ^6-^ti. 
SD^jo3j tamayi, ^^6' ossoso. 

5i);Jod tamare, jt. The lotus 

flower, NymphcBa pubescens ; 

also aD^T5^. — -dorf the seed 

of a lotus. — 3ioS the stalk 

of a lotus, 

3s)':;io66jS^ri tamareroga, s. A 
wasting disease of children. 

2. green sickness. 

3^^o^ tamasa, s. Laziness, in- 
dolence. 2. delay, procrasti- 
nation. 3. auger, passion. 
—nsoSo. sz)do^ a sluggard; a 
passionate man. 

StiDo^) tamisra, -S". Great dark- 
ness. — ^"^ the dark half of 
the lunar month. 

S'S^^j tame, see ;^^. 

S's^OD* tamer^, ^^^ «^o5. 

3s)sl) tamra, ^^<e saceO). 

33o2o tayi, J". Mother. 

3-303oriocS tayigande, ^. A rogue, 
cheat, scoundrel, obsc. 

3?) 03 J 23^0* tayiberu, .y. The prin- 
cipal root of a tree, taproot. 

3DD*^ taru, s. A rivulet. 2. tar. 

3e)d tara, ^. A star. 2. two pie. 

3. crossing, passing over. 
3s)dK) tarana, ^. The eighteenth 

year of the Hindu cycle. 2. 

3Drf tara 


3D^D tala 

the act of crossing. 3. perse- 
cution. 4. a raft, float. 

:5^^^^0o taratamya, s. Rank, 
state, condition. 2. distinc- 
tion, discrimination. 

32)Di)OSo tarayi, J. A cocoanut. 
_ni §>h^, — rf 200-dozf the shell of 
a cocoanut. ■rfo^d— a large 
cocoanut. ^j3?5— a small hard 
cocoanut. ae^d— a cocoanut 
of the (Laccadive) isles, t^o 
tS— , see T^orf^. —^yo^a to play 
with cocoanuts by knocking 
one against the other, the 
person who breaks the co- 
coanut of the other gains it. 

3"scra^^ taravuni, c. v. (.^ssTioa) 
To drive in. 2. to immerse. 

3s)0 tari, s. The palmyra, Bo- 
rassus Jiahelliforjnis. —^cS 
the bulb of a fragrant grass, 
Cyperiis rotundus. — rf tS'^ 
palmyra toddy. — =: s'o^^ a 
vessel for palm-wine. — ajsSf 
a kind of sparrow, building 
its pendent nest on a palm 
tree. — sicS a kind of grass, 
Cyperushexast achy lis. — rioSr 
the fruit of the palmyra tree. 
-rf do jaggory made from 
palm juice. — -doc^eS a poison- 
ous snake. —zL -^^rXs the 
midrib of a palm-leaf. 

Se)Sr^ tarini, s. A goddess pe- 
culiar to the Jains. 

SdO^^j 3j)S^=cto tariku, tariku, 
s. A date, day of the month. 

SDS^^ taripu, s. Praise, com- 

mendation. 2. novelty, rarity. 
—do^cK^a to commend, praise. 

3^doc9p tarunya, s. Youth, man- 

3"3l)J?j taruni (s»5), v. n. To 
sink in, plunge. ^5- feet to 
sink, as in mire. 

3'3dosjoa)D^ tarumari^, s. Con- 
fusion, disorder. ~^h?^ to 
become confused. 

3-36 tare, s. The cocoanut palm, 
Cocos nucifera. aosS _ a short 
cocoanut palm. 82?_, a^^si-a 
species from the (Laccadive) 
isles, bearing small cocoa- 
nuts. Tic3^_ a species, bear- 
ing large cocoanuts. ~^. ^ja 
f^^/^ the stalk or midrib of a 
cocoanut leaf. 

3«)dJ3§ taroli, J^^ ;^t5j3^. 

3t)=aFcl tarkane, j-. Substantia- 
tion, proof, demonstration. 
2. apparition. — ??j3?jfsi, —-^ 
^o^^to substantiate. 

3"3^r=CT tarkike, s. A sophist, 

3e)^J3ro^ tarkoli^, see s'^jsr^. 

3e)siJe)rD* tarinar^, i'^6' ss^dj^js^. 

^1)^ tala, i-. The metallic lid of 
a cooking utensil. 2. j^*? sd^. 

S"3e->oriataIangadi,i'. The wooden 
peg by which a water-lift is 
fastened to the stem. 

s^sj^^ talavya, s. A palatal 

letter, gram. 
^DO^o'S' talanke, s. A name of 



s^S tali 


JjonJS tin?o 

3«)£)U i, J. The marriage badge, 
worn by a female. 2. a metal 
tumbler or small pot. 3. a 
kiud of grass. — ^yj,^ to tie 
the marriage badge to the 
neck. —^4^ a kind of climb- 
ing shrub. 

3SC!o3j taliye, see 3se3o. 

3c)0^doj talimu, i". Gymnastics, 

athletic exercise. — /Irssoo^a to 

practise gymnastics. 
3D^j talu, i'. The throat. 2. the 

SDe;o^o taluku, s. The division 

of a district. 
Si)OJ^ taluni (q^^), •z'. n. To fall 

off, drop down ; of. e^^ofi. 
3D 23 tale, see 3^«3g- 
3e)^j^^i talpuni, see ^^\^^- 

3'S5Dn:^jo(^j talyatundu, ^. A 
special cloth worn only by 

S'^'i^sj^^, talyapatt^, s, A cob- 

3«)^-o^O talyapuri, J. A spider. 

ga)25o talye, s. A weaver. 2. a 

3c>5w2o tavaji, ^. A metallic tube 
for keeping an amulet, money, 

335^6 tavare, see ^t-^-Q. 2. see 

©€3 . 

SDrf) tavu, .y. A sheet of paper. 

2. death; cf. -^^. 3. place, 
SD^ tisha, s. A kind of drum. 

ST?"/ tasu, s. An hour. 
3e)XoSo tasayi, see sbssoso. 

3»):^o3j tasaye, ^i5<:' cro?jo3o. 

3s)ro?eji)d tasildare, ^^^ ^so§i?S 

ctotS under :^5o2i?§. 
3D?3 tase, ."^f6' sti^. 
39?30j tasemi, see cro;^^. 
3i)sd taha, ^1?^ !^5o. 

3^^ tala, .y. A cymbal. 2. tune, 
beatiug time in music. — ^p^ 
music and play. ^eSjsWj^ to 
beat time. 

3e)^ tali, ^^^ s^&. 2. .y^^ B3s5. 

3!)s;*o^ taluni (e^f), ^'. ;^. To 
bear, endure, suffer, forbear, 
have patience. 

3c) ^ tale, see ©stS. 

3«)S?, talme, s. Patience, forbear- 
ance. 2. endurance. 

3o^ tinki, see So?,. 

vIo-S-O, 3o=^a tinkiri, tinkeri, s. 
A very small piece or strip 
of anything, adj. Thin, fine, 

3o=^ tinke, see S^r. 

vBo-o- tinkri, see S?o-S-a. 

3orlo^a tingapuri, s. A larva, 

3orie3-3d tingabare, see ^z-KvssB. 

3crid tingara, 5". Ornament, de- 
coration. 2. see to7<Ti. 

3oh tingi, ^. Poison, —"^^^^i 
lit. to mis i)oison ; to foment 
a quarrel. — sdtjoS) to poison; 
to taint. 

3o7^J3cl tingode, ^. The first 
day of a solar month, which 
is considered unlucky. 

3o7^J3 ting-o 


vl^ tikka 

3o?^J3^J tingolu, s. The moon. 
2. a month, -ao April. £3c4(i 
May. 's^^r6 June. ©"B July. 
?6j3?r® August, 's'^o (?r ^^sro 
September. tSjsoif^ ^r ^r5 
October. sisSr November. 
^■03i£r December. 403:>oS6 
January, ■sjsoso February. 
?5o?\ March. -^5 a kind of 


large worm. 

— rf Eojjis^Ok moon- 

light, moon-shine. — rf ?j02o^ 
monthly pay or salary. 
^or9 tinna, s. Repetition, 
^odd tindada, J. A rag. 

.^oCJJj^ tindruni (^°^), v. a. To 
eat all, guzzle; cf. S^^. 

.Boto^ timbati;, adj. Worthless. 

3ozo^, timbatte, s. A vagabond, 

worthless man. 
Jo2o6 timbare, ^^^ ^osoiS. 
.SoEoo^o timbulu, ^. A thimble, 
^o2c!?3 timbele, j-. A glutton. 

-3oA*rc3^ tirngudu, /'czj/f />«/*/, 
{of .SoAjr^j Having turned. 
«^7.'. Again, once more. — ^e 
SiS> to return, go back, go 
again. — wiira to come again ; 
to return from a walk. — eo.-«T3o^ 
to be upset, overturned; to 
rebel, revolt. 

-BoriFcl tirngane, s. A pivot, 
hinge, swivel. 2. a screw. 

3or!r^joor!5^ tirngamurnga, adv. 
topsy-turvy, pell-mell. 

^orssrii tirngata, s. Excursion, 
walk, roaming. 2. turning, 

oors'sr^^ tirngavuni, c. v. {of 
hoi\:,f^^ To turn, whirl, make 
return. 2. to change, convert, 
gain over, ^raerecoo— to break 
a promise; to deny. t^ojioJ— 
to change the mind. ^^■§\— 
to gain over a witness. 

3oricr?j«)o3i, >Bo?^Fe3 tirngunaye, 
tirngele, s. A rover, vagabond, 
2. a backslider, unsteady man. 

«Bor\jr^ tirnguni (SoKr)^ v, n. 
To turn, revert, revolve, 
whirl, turn back. 2, to shift, 
as the wind. 3. to move, 
wander, travel about. S'^— 
to be giddy; to become proud. 
Bo^F-6 B§iE?b^ to go for a -walk, 
take a walk; cf. BoKfB. 

^olioF^ tirntuni, see ifoiid^. 

oot^r tirmbi, i". A kind of fern ; 
also gceSr^ioa. 

35"3ri) tikani, see s^s^. 

tikk^, s. Entanglement, 
intricacy, perplexity. 2. dif- 
ficulty, distress, trouble. 3. see 
B6-^. — s^yOjS) to get entangled. 
— 20j3tfo^ to be entangled. 

3=^^, tikkatt^, s. A labyrinth, 
maze, intricacy. 

3^yo^ tikkatuni (^^^^3), v. n. 
To be matted, as hair. 2. to 
be entangled; to be intricate. 

vl^e3 tikkale, adj. Short and 

o5^,s:^i^ tikkavuni, c.v. (c/ Ss^o, 
S)) To ensnare, entangle. 2. 
to fix, 3. to button. 


o^o, tikku 


via tidi 

o=aO,5. tikkuni {§>%), v. a. To 
rub, brush, polish, v. n. To 
be ensnared, caught. 2. to 
be seized, apprehended, c. dat. 
To find, get, obtain. 

o^J5,e3 tikkote, see S^jsrfeS. 

hr^t tigute, s. A split, splinter, 
slip, piece. —-^^^^^ to split, 
divide, saw. 

>l?T*oj)Jj tig-upuni, see S?\5^S). 

3?^dj?j tiguruni, see §7\o-doa. 

3ri tig-a, ^. A beehive. 2. honey. 
— s ^e3oc5 bees. — ^ ©^3, — ^ 
'^^^^ a honeycomb. — ^ ^oson 
honey. — ^ ^jsorfoji bees' wax. 
_o ^js3;c^ a small kind of 

orta tigadi, i'. The Indian jalap, 
Ipomcea turpethicm. 

^T{^t.T\^ tigadibigadi, s. Con- 
fusion, tumult. 

3r(i, hf\^ tigate, tigatti, see 

3ris3 tigale, s. The breast, chest, 
heart. 2. courage. — XoB a 
giant; a big, lazy fellow; a 
desparado. — t aj^c^, _ ^ajstIj, 
— i ^^4 the hollow of the 
breast; bravery. — 2f??3 pain 
in the chest. —^ ^4 anger, 
wrath. — t^jsbrs to brave, 
encounter with courage; to 
be bold. -S a°L^ to give in 
charge; to hold responsible. 
~^€^^ the heart to palpitate. 
— ^oBirf) the heart to break; 
to labour hard. — S Wja-rfo^ to 

have charge. -t^otL^^ to suf- 
fer from heart-burn. 
vlAa tigite, see BK4. 

an^^, ^r\^-^^ tigipuni, tigu- 

puni (^^, ^a), 'V. a. To split, 
slit, cut, saw, tear. 

orlodi^, orioj^, vlrias^o^tiguru- 
ni, tigrnni, tiguluni (Saj5, 
SK)), ^'. n. To sprout, shoot, 
germinate. 2. to split. 

37^ tigte, .y^^ ^Ai. 

vIIj titti, 5-. White spots on 
d ■ ■ 
leaves; «:/. &?^. 

«B^, title, .y^^ 25^. 

3^^^ tittesi, .y- Interference, 
intermeddling. 2. annoyance, 
trouble ; also zi&^^Ai. 

3fl tine, s. A small open ve- 

3v3 titi, ^^^ -^S- 

33 tittiri, J". Playing upon a 
pipe, efc. 2. a top. 3. a 
partridge. — i^aoo^oi to play at 

33 0::;3 tittiribittiri, s. An 
unfair dealing. 

3^ tithi, s. A lunar day. 2. 
the annual ceremony per- 
formed to one's deceased an- 

323*, 3a tidiji, tidi, adj. Small. 

3c3*o=CTrf tid^nkara, s. Sitting on 
the feet, -^'o^j^?) to sit on 
the feet. 

3 a tidi, see a 5. 2. see ^^■ 

3asio2^ tidipanca, adj. Dwar- 
fish, short. 

SzjD tidda 


^^:)^ timu 

3c3^ di^ tiddavuni, <:. v. (^Srfj a) 
To get corrected, rectined, 

3a A tiddige,^. Correction, train- 


ing, renovation, —"^orio an 
erect pillar. — 20-^4 settled 

adJ^i tidduni (§5) t-. at. To 
correct, mend, reform, rectify, 
alter, "^l— lit. to correct the 
hand ; to acquire a good pen- 

3dj t,^, ado ;3-3ei tiddupadi, tid- 
dupata, s. Correction, amend- 
ment, modification. 2. refor- 
mation. — -rfo^^o^a to correct, 
amend, modify. 

3d P tiddya, adj. Junior, young- 
er. — ^ an aunt, /. e. mother's 
younger sister, or younger 
uncle's wife. — o^ an uncle, 
i. e. father's younger brother, 
or aunt's husband. 

3c3^po3o tiddyaye, s. A young 

si do, tidpu, see S^r. 

3d, tidma, s. A kind of fish. 

3^?i* tinas^, see ^^^. 

3f2 tine, see Ss6. 

3c3i^4?> tinpavuni, c. v. [of S^S)) 

To feed, nurse. 
3^ 5» tinpini (^cS), v. a. To eat, 

consume. 2. to destroy, waste. 

3. to receive, as bribes, blows, 

etc. ^0^— to get blows, ejoai— 

to take bribes. 
3fls3 tinpele, s. A glutton. 

33:Ie3tipale, s. The creeper Cly- 
pea Burmanni. 2. an appli- 
cation for the head, generally 
prepared of the leaves of this 

3?jt;, 3^55 tipila, tipule, see 

hti tippa, adj. Small. 

3^ tippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
— ^J3?^ lit. a cocoanut shell 
and a stick; beggary. — ^j^.?^ 
r;5 5 nUo,^ to come down to 
beggary. — so-5 a small breast, 
resembling a cocoanut shell. 
cfre— the lower half of a 
shell, i^o'^:^— the upper half 
of a shell. ^^^— the skull. 

3^.£) tippili, s. A kind of borer. 

3^ Sj,'5^,e:^, 3^'-=^,o* tippivok- 
kelu, tipyokkelu, ^- A poor 

3^ tippu, see al^. 

333, tippe, i'. A heap, pile. 2. a 

3^<y tibila, i'. A hand-lamp, 

320odj tiburu, s. A crack, split. 

32^)., 3d tibbijtibbe,^. Hemming. 

323AS3^ tibralu, s. Treble dis- 

tilled arrack. 
3d-)d timare, s. The Pennywort, 

Hydrocotyle asiatica. 
3SaoA^25* timing'ulri, ^. A whale. 
3dJO=CTodj^ timukuduni (Bt^jo 

^oS), :'. a. To jostle, push; 

to try to escape from a crowd. 

o^oo timu 


3=^)^ tirkei 

3 ^00=2^0 Ji, 3^JCJJ^ timukuni, ti- 
muruni (S^^?^- B^joS), -./. 7Z. 
To throng, crowd. [ao. 

^sl)=ffJSe2^o timekolu, see ^?^ ??j3? 

3oJod tiyara, see ^?^^- 

3D^or!o^ tirijn^uni, see SoAor^. 

^d tira, i-^^ •^^• 

3wa/ tiras^, ^^^ ^S)!^. 

h^i^,t tiraskara, s. Contempt, 
disrespect, reproach, affront. 

J 5 tiri, ^. A sprout, shoot, sprig, 
germ ; the tender branch of a 
palm. 2. the wick of a lamp ; 
cf, §»&. —arooao a harelip. — ^^ 
a thin body, -sszl^^ to cease 
to sprout. — ^zrodS). — soLr^ 
to sprout, shoot. eroAOT:{j3i- 
the point of the nail. 

33=^£j«, tirikatt^, see a^rO^. 

i)0DJj5 tiriyara, «^t'. Within 
reach of the hand; below, 

^00 tiru, s. A bow string. 2. a 
short stick used to tighten, 
as the string of a bow, etc. 
_5Uj,a, — s^uti^) to tie a bow- 

string. [church, 

iuo tiru, ^z^'. Holy. -^^^ the holy 

>2d-or(a^ tiruriguni, see Boaof^. 

odjrifl tirugane, see SoX^??. 

J;dodr3 tirudana, ^^^ BtS^-^t^. 

osoij, >BdJ^ tirupa, tirupe, s. 

Alms, charity. 
^dosJi tirupati, s. A celebrated 

place of pilgrimage in North 


3rfJa$ tirupu, see B^r. 
3c3:2Jow tirubanji, see Bz:)fo^. 
vSdj^jodo tirumuru, .y. Property, 

wealth. 2. exchange. 
3rfo ^J3 3r tirumurti, ^^^ fj'^^B'^- 
odosj tiruva, ^^t- S^:^- 
ado^r^ tiruvana, s. A nitpick. 
odo^ tiruve, see S?^?^. 
ado^ tiruli, s. A kind of round 

chisel or gimlet. 
3d, 36=ct23^ tire, tirekajipu, see 

o^r tirku, s. A band, tie made 
of the fibre taken from the flat 
side of the cocoanut branch; 
cf. ^^r. — s^siliSi to fasten the 
cocoanut blossom with such 
a tie. 

3=^r^' tirkatt^, s. The slip-knot 
of a rope used for drawing 
water. 2. see ^%^^• — ^^t^s* 
to fasten a band, peg, ek. 

3^r^ tirkade, .?. The lower part 
of any thing. 

a=a'35^oa:) tirkayi, see S^^?'- 

3=as)FS^^ tirkavuni, c.v. (o/B^^f 
^) To make lean, to weaken. 

SW5F7:f tirkas^^i, adj. Oblique, 
slant, sloping, adv. Obliquely, 
aslant. [garment. 

o^.roijj tirkuntu, s. An under- 

Ji^jF^ tirkuni (S^~), v. n. To 
be lean, weak; also ?s^^F?i. 

h^F tirke, s. A split, splinter; 
also ^"^F. 

h^f tirkei, s. A water jar, pit- 
cher. 2. a handful. — xi:^a 

o^^-S^F tirko 


3e^ tila 

to join the hands for receiv- 
ing anything. ^l~ a small 

3=^j?-r£3 tirkote, s. A lean or 
weak man. 

3=^J3^r^j tirkolu, see Bjtjsti. 

3>AF£^ tirgaue, see SoXrr?. 

vlrjjr^ tirguni, see Scajf^. 

3s:rcl tirnane, see S^oXfA 

33^r tirtij, adv. Down, beneath, 
below, under, adj. Lower, 
subordinate. — ^^^ topsy- 
turvy. — sOosTioS) to fall down. 

3^r^*, tirtattu, ^. Lower side or 
level. —^ ^^'rf a lower field. 

o^rc^. tirtadya, s. The thresh- 
old, lower step, under frame. 

JsFcl tirtane, s. The lower part 
of a slope; e/. ©w. 

3:grd tirtara, ^. An inferior kind. 
adj. Lower, inferior. adv. 
Below, under. 

oqireo* tirthattij, see ^^fI|. 

JidoF^ tirduni (^Sr), ^/. /2. To 
turn. 2. i^^^ Ssli a. 

SsJrral, tirpanatre, s. A place 
near Cochin ; the former resi- 
dence of the Cochin kings. 

Ssirra tirpani, s. A fund for the 
repairs of a temple. 

33iro tirpati, see Bj^otjB. 

3r;r0 tirpali, s. Long pepper. 

3sirs3 tirpale, see Bij^. 

^^1>F^^ tirpavuni, e. v. (o/B^r 
s*) To get made, settled. 
2. see B^oj;>F^^. jpo/^S— to 
make gold ornaments. 

Jjo^r tirpu, s. A swivel. — rf ^ 

a head-ornament. 
3^r^ tirpuni (S5), ^'. «. To 

twirl round. 
3^^)^o^o tirbaaji, ^. The abdomen, 

3efr tirbe, i". A piece, chip; ef. 


vBs^ojrdo tirmuru, s. Exchange. 

>BoJjrcj| tiryande, s. A kind of 

>BoJord tiryara, adj. Low. adv. 

Below, downward, under. 
^O^F tirlyi, s. The core, heart of 

a tree. — =5js'rfoo) to come to 

age, to be full-grown. 
Jeilr tirle, s. A full-grown, strong 

man. [tree. 

3 sir tirva, s. A kind of timber 

o?3f tirse, see ^^A- 

3«?F tirii, s. The bandage <?;' 
crown of a stack of corn. 

^^^ tilu, s. The spleen, milt. 
2. i-6'^ a (5. 

>Bo tila, ^. The gingely oil seed, 
Sesanmm indicum. — ^osb^ 
the sesamum flower. — si^irr®, 
SeSjsecoS' sesamum seed and 
water, presented as an of- 
fering to the manes of the 
departed ancestors. ~^^ 
gingely oil. — n;)j3^ Soscroji a 
gift of sesamum. 

3^=CT tilaka, i'. A sectarian or 
ornamental mark on the 
forehead. 2. a freckle, mole. 

«se;^^> tilavuui, see io^^. 

«sS73 tila 


vl^d tira 

^■DD^ tilana, see Se^s r®. 2. see 


«IOD^ tilavu, see S(v^. 

vIsSJSCti^CT tilodaXa,, see ufzdcr ^o. 

3o"3do?:i tilladuni (Se^sS) v. a. 
To dissipate, disperse, scatter, 

30a)ra tillana, s. Humming a 

«BSe)-/, vB^'S^ tivasy, tivasi, s. 
A kind of carpet, a rug. 2. 
a cushion, 

^^ till, «<://'. Transparent, clear. 
2. distilled; ^. i^, ;5^. -^?5 
clear, cr filtered water. 

o°^osis?^, o°^od^r^ tiluvalike, ti- 
luvalige, s. Understanding, 
intellect ; knowledge, infor- 

^f)h°-^ tillapilla, see sie^^^be?^. 

3^ tille, see sleS^. 

o^o-S-S, o^o=aO. o^o-G", tinkiri, 
tinkeri, tinkri, ^. Preparing 
for the festival of the female 
demons ^20^5^ cs-d;^. 2. see 

3^0 =5 J tinku, see S?^. 
Js5o=^a* tinkelu, ^^^ Sc-Srs. 
3?cL'o^ tintuni, .y^^ 4;j?cWos). 
«3^o3"3eJ tintata, see -s^jec&raw. 

0^0 3Dd, vl^oqj"3C3 tintara, tintha- 
ra, ^. Dispersion, dissipation, 
2, ruin, waste, —"Jh^ to be- 
come dispersed ; to be ruined. 
— •dos;^o^c^ to waste, 

o^os^C tintare, s. A destitute 
or miserable man. 

vB^oSDS^^ tlntavuni, c. v. (0/ B^o 
^^) To cause to splash, 

3^0:^^ tintuni (Becg), v. n. To 
splash; also ^?o^^. 

>B^o^ timpu, sec &7eo4. 

3^oǤ^ timpuni (ee-), i'. n. To 
snort, breathe heavily. 2, to 
snivel; cf. i^oosoo^^. 

3(»o5223 timpele, j-. A sniveller; 

cf. ^O30c^e3. 

3?ceJor^ tirntuni, see if oWos), 
Jj^^g^ tik^,.^^'. Tasteful, savoury. 

^^^s'd, J>^=^D* tikara, tikerij, adj. 

Sweetish; not pungent, not 

properly seasoned, 
3^=aJ5d tikode, s. A kind of fish. 
a^/i tig-e, see -^?/^. 
vs^do^ tiduni (^?S), e/. (o;. To rub, 

press, 2, to irritate. 
3?^*, 3p^ tinii, tini, ^. Food, 

meal, diet. 2. a glutton. 
h'itjt) tipale, .s^^ S-«3. 

o^s2 tipe, i'. Sweetness. <3!i^'. 
Sweet, fresh. — ^^^ the liquo- 
rice. — "^^oA sweet potato, Goa 
potato, Dioscorea aculeata. 

aedoo^o, timullu, s. A kind of 
touch-me-not, Cxsalpina ini- 

vB^D* tiryi, i. A nit, 2. the egg 
of a bug, '6. see B?^r, _^°^ 
a small louse, —tf^^h^. see Be 
Trfo^, ^§3— a crushed nit, 

vl^d tira, <3;^. Entire, whole, adv. 
Wholly, entirely. 2. decided- 
ly, positively. 

3^doa tirandi, see under Sp-rfoS). 

a^d tira 


;^jori tungs 

,|^ije3 tirate, see ^?'doS. 

3?D^S^?i tiravuni, see SeOrfa^^i. 

35s tiri, see ^?£). 

3^D^ tirike, ^. Conclusion, end, 

3e0c3«)3^ tirinatij, ^^^ S?^ond1. 

a^Q^^^^, >li?0?oo^ tirisavuni, 
tirisuni, ^. ^'. {of ^fi^?^) To fi- 
nish, conclude, complete. 2. 
to settle, decide, determine. 
3. to pay off, as a debt. 

3^dj^^3^ tirunat^, adv. As far 
as practicable, to the extent 
of one's ability. 

3^dJ^ tiruni (^?S), v. n. To be 
finished, settled, c. dat. To 
be able. (Bj'^oa {itcg. part.) 
incapable, infeasible, unset- 
tled ; endless, inexhaustible. 
^e'cica 20"^^ work beyond one's 
ability to perform. cfodoK 
S?-cio3§ he is not well. £fcdo5 


§>fio^ heit not able to do it. 
S?5oS is is done. ^e&^«??^^), 
Se&S ^sb^ to end, expire, 

35Co;i3S?^ tirumana, s. Conclu- 
sion, settlement, completion. 
adj. Complete, final, adv. Fin- 
ally. —^ s3«3, —^ojo the lowest 
price. — lios^^o^a to settle, re- 
solve, determine. 

o^dO':j=# tiruvike, see S?.3f^. 

3^6 tire, ^^^ S?'ci. 

«S^ds:*' tireli^, ^. Termination, 

«S^(ird tirgade, s. Completion. 

2. see sieAFzf. 

vS^^F, >B^qjF tlrta, tirtha, s. Pure 
water, sacred water in which 
an idol is bathed; a bathing 
place of pilgrimage. 2. a 
bathing place. — odrai) pil- 
grimage to a sacred river. 
— ris>oi bathing in sacred 
water. — tfj3?jr^ to administer 
sacred water, to give water to 
drink. —20?:)?^?) to spring forth, 
as water from a fountain- 

3^^r^, tirnike, see alesir^. 

vB^^DFS^J) tirpavuni, see ^e9 

3^^F tirpu, i^- Settlement, 

adjustment, decision, decree. 

— e?b^ to be settled. — -rfosp'o^si 

to decide, adjudge. 
vS(°^f5) tirpuni, see Se6?:ro4^. 
3?^F=^ tirvike, ^. Conclusion, 

settlement, adjustment. 
vB^^F tirve, .?. Land assessment, 

»l^rJtiF^^ tirsavuni, see ^?a?3o 

^^Sj tisa, sec Aie?J. 

-S^^ra, vse^v tikshana, tikshua, 
i^. Haste', hurry. 2. heat, 
warmth, pungency. adj. 
Sharp, quick; hot, warm, pun- 

1^00=3^0^ tunkuni, see ^jso^oj). 

i^Jort tunga, s. The river Tuiiga. 
2. height, loftiness, adj. High, 
lofty. -^^ the river formed 
by the junction of Tuiiga 
and Bhadra. 

^oorioSj tung-aj^e, .s". A tall man. 

toori tuiiffa 


;^r1 tug'i 

sJoricSj tun^aye, s. A kind of 

soorraoSo tung-ayi, ^. A fragrant 
kind of grass. 

^oor\o tungu, see ^oao. 

i^^osi tunta, adj. Mischievous, 
impudent, wicked. —^?i impu- 
dence, wickedness. 

^Ooli, ^oo^a tunti, tuntedi, s. 
A mischievous <?r impudent 

^^ciS tunte, .?. A wicked or impu- 
dent man. 

^jor^o tundu, ^. A piece, slice, 
bit. — ^ocWj a rag. — Xoa/^, 
_Aon5 ^3 a short cudgel. — ^o 
tl) pieces, fragments. — ^as^ 
4^ to patch, join pieces. — 33d 
tl>^ to fell a tree in blocks. 
—■d:)^^?i to cut into pieces. 

^oorl tunde, ^. The cover of leaves 
round the loins, as worn by 

Koragar women. 

-9 o 

black kind of the five-leaved 

;^oor3 tuuna, see ?ioops. 

^jorson*, :goori, tunnang^, tun- 
nel, ^. The scurf or mealy 
crust of the body. 

sOoIj tumba, adj. Full, complete. 

^oc2o5)^^ tumbavuni, c. v. {of 
j^ooeios-) To cause to fill, load, 
lade. 2. to accuse, impute, 

^ooz^ tumbi, s. The blackbee. 

^jo^^s;* tumbil^j, .v. Sneezing. 
— ajbr^, — <y4^» to sneeze. 

:^oozoo^ tumbuni (^otS), t-. a. 
To bear, carry, as a load. 2. 
to fill. 3. to endure, suffer. 
V. n. To be filled, full. 59S 
:333i_. ss^-d— to suffer from 
a false accusation. Zinfj^^ — 
to be guilty. 5g£— to carry a 
load. ris(y— to be in debt, ^c 
20o3:;o 80s3 eoLrs) to carry an idol 
in procession, round its tem- 

sJoioodJ tumburu, see ^o'i^pd. 

aoozjodo, ;^oo20s)6 tumburu, tum- 
bure, s. A celestial chori- 

^ooci tumbe, ^. The plant Phlo- 
mis indie a. 

s!oo tS^-ff^s;'' tumbenekkilij, s. Wild 
vegetation, — ^js54^ wild vege- 
tation to grow; to fall in 

^oozfjsrso^, sOo^JSrso^) tumbo. 
nuni, tummonuni, refi. v. {of 
^csio^) To bear or suffer for 
one's self, to be patient. 

^oozojr turmbu, see so-docwo, 

so^'i^ tukadi, ^. A piece, rag, 
fragment, bit. 2. the division 
of a district. 3. rank and 
file. _^^o>^^ to divide, to 
put into files. 

£0^0, so^ j, tukkutukku, s. Skip- 
ping; strutting. 2. arrogance, 
haughtiness. -e;3AOgS)to skip; 
to strut. 

;3o€, tukre, see ^o^. 

sj/i^, ^orioa tugadi, tugudi, see 

:i^7i tuga 


socjo tudu 

^ji^ tu^aliji, s. The skin, bark, 
rind. _??s?L)S), _ ainr^s^^, — f3 
^?i to skin, pare, peel. 

;^o£5 tucca, ^i;//' Small, little, 
mean. 2. void, empty, desert- 
ed. —^7i contempt, scorn, 
vileness. —^-:iT^ low-minded- 
ness. — ^o^o^S) to despise, 

i^oi^^y tuccata, s. Biting. 2. 
diqmte, quarrel, --rfo^^o^a to 
dispute (3r abuse mutually. 

:^JZ5'3 5^5) tuccavuni, ^. •?'. (<?/" ^ 
eio n) To cause to bite, chase. 
2. to join, unite. 

a02^ tucci, see oo-^. 

.^o5j^ tuccuni (^J'^), ''-a- To 
bite. 2. to be joined, united. 

ioz§ o* tuccelu, s. A vicious ani- 
mal; a biting animal, adj. 
Vicious; biting. 

^023 tujji, see Sj^^. 

i^jlJ, soe3, tuti, tutti, 5. Dearth, 
scarcity. «^'. Dear, scarce, 

-aoci tuda, ^f^- Bored, scooped 
out; cf. ij3?T^. — -dji^oso a 
trough made of a palm stump. 

:^JC3D^, socs'SD* tudari;i, tudaru, 
s. A light; a lamp. ^^^— an 
iron hand-lamp. — cSj?? lamp 
oil. — 20«3 the lamp-light pro- 
cession of an idol, eU. —^ 
s3j4'oi to light a lamp. 

aowsS tudale, see ojac^d 

:^oS. tudi, see sJoa. 

^od.ojQi tudupini, j-^^ Ti^rioh??. 

:i^d tude, .?. The thigh, shank, 
side piece; c/. sJor^- — ^"do 
^ the hip. — Tiejcoo a side 
plank. —20^, — 8js^ a bubo, 
venereal ulcer; cf. ^j^iS^f^. 

:^:^^^ tudepuni, i"^^ iijsi:!^^. 

isorson* tunang^, -^^^ s^oorocK. 

;^0f| tune, i-. The gummy juice 
exuding from the stalk, etc. 
of certain fruits. 2. arro- 
gance, pride. -^^^S) to be 

;^o3 tuti, .s. A sort of drone 
corresponding a bagpipe. 2. 

sjs;^^^ tuttari, .y^^; ^o;^j3^q. 

^03^ s^^ tuttavuni, c. v. {of ^j 
eo S)) To cause to dress, clothe. 

^0:^0^ tuttu, .S-. Dressing. -=5ocyj 
clothes, raiment. — 4'S£2^ dress, 
clothing, covering. 

;20^o^^ tuttuni (^^1^), •^'. «• To 
dress, wear, clothe. 

i^^tJ^^ tutturi, s. A trumpet, 
horn, pipe. -ctoSo a trum- 
peter, piper. -eroD^^ to blow 
a horn or trumpet. 

ioa tudi, s. Point, end, extre- 
mity, top. ~^^ the arm from 
the elbow, --^y^i^^ complete- 
ly; up to the top. --^oolS^ top 
and bottom, --^oo^^ r^?i^o:5, 
aimless, purposeless. — eo.^'rfosi 
to be sufficient, convenient, 
—•dooyo ?)to finish, complete. ^^ 
S:i- the point of a sword. 

i^orfjo^d tudunkara, see SSo'StS. 

ao:3 tude 


^^ turu 

;^jcS tude, s. A river, stream. 
— a:& the bank of a river. — * 
ti;5^, —cracyos) to ford a river. 

^0^2:^0^, tudeculli, s. The holly- 
V " ... 

leaved acanthus, Dilivaria 


i^jd^oadoA tudemadiren^i, s. 

The tree Cratava nirvala. 

^f^JXio, :3j?dj?5 tunusu, tunuse, s. 

A kind of grass or nettle. 

Tragia involucrata. 
t^f, tune, see ^^■ 

a05ji;§S a0555!o- tupakijL, tupaki, 
.?. A gun, musket. 

sjsiii tuppati, see zioTi^i'.. 

:i^t> tuppe, ^. A stack, heap 
of corn or rice. Si^r— a 
stack with a crown of twisted 
rope of straw and ears of 
paddy. 25— the crown of a 
stack. ~€-dch a kind of 
j2im,Dioscorea atropurpurea. 
—•rfocii 3^j5?o,S) to sit in a coil, 
as a serpent. 

^Ts^-^ tuphan^, s. A cyclone, 
storm. 2. calamity, misfor- 
tune. 3. a serious imputation. 

^2,:o, tubbu, see '^'^^ 


gosjo. tubbu, s. Discovery, as of 
stolen property; detection, 
as of an offence. 

^j^x=aj tumuku, s. Pressure, 

oo^j=CTO^tuinukuni, .y<?^ BtSoo^js. 

^oo5o tuyij •^- ^ feather, quill, 
the plume of birds. 

swOSooS^^, a005Jo2JO^ tuyimpuni, 

tuyimbuni (^josjo, ^osjo^), 

z'. n. To hiss. 2. to grow 

angry. 3. to blow the nose; 

cf. ?j002ooajo^. 
:^oo3oo3f'i3tuyimpele, s. A fretful 

person. 2. a sniveller. 
3-o5as;* tuyili;, .y^"^ ^^Jooso^. 
sjdori turanga, ^^^ ?iJ-rfoA. 2. 

see ^tJocao. 
^jdra turana, ^^^ ^^• 
so3^ turala, j'^:'^ ^jj-^js^o. 
sjd'iS turale, .y^^ ij3Trfe3. 
s-Di)05^ turayi, s. A crest-like 

head-ornament worn by males. 

2. a crest, plume of feathers. 
a^S turi, ^. A cramp-iron, brace. 
^o&3 turita, see ^^r. 

^j^h^, ^jO^^ turipini, turipuni 
(^&), ?', a. To string, as 
beads. 2. to bore, perforate. 
#£!i— to bore the ears; towish- 
per; to backbite. 

^oaoijo^ turiyuni (^Q), ^'. ?z. To 
be stringed. 2. to be bored, 
perforated. ^QS ax®T±)» to 
fall, as powder from decayed 

^000 turu, adv. Violently, strong- 
ly. _£7 4r^ to pick flesh from 
a carcass, as a vulture, eU.; 
to vie as puppies when suck- 
ing, ek. 

;^odjor5^ turung-u, s. A prison, 

^dooiwO turumbu, s. Chaff. — ^js 
4?i to winnow. 

^jdjeij turutu, see ^Wor. 

^odj turu 


^o<fo tullu 

:^oCor? turuna, see ^^ro. 

t^t^ii turuta, see ^^r. 

«jdj:^Co turuturu, adv. Swiftly, 

^odo^ turupu, s. Cavalry. 2. a 

trump or winning card. 
t^tt)^'!^'^ turupuni, see ^o^t^. 
^ododo^o turuvayi, see ^t^oso. 
:^jc!j^^ turuvuni, see ^oaoioos). 

^oz^jd,'3raj?i turuvonuni, z*. ^^. 

To embrace, take in. 
^jdJ?c:;o turudu, ad?'. Fast, 
tightly. -3;^_j^a to hold fast. 
£JC ture, s. A water-gou rd, pump- 
kin. -^ S9o(5 a large calabash 
used by toddy-drawers for col- 
lecting toddy, or by mendi- 
cants as a vessel. — ^ 4is?rio 
the shell of an over-grown 
gourd, -o eo^^o the creeper 
of water-gourd. 
:^o=s'rrfjs turkamata, s. Moham- 
;^o=ar€) turkali, s. Distention, 
puffing. 2. pride, insolence. 
~^'iol^ to be proud, insolent; 
to be troublesome. 
:3j^r2j0o?i turkalyuni (^3^r^j^ 
V. n. To be distended, as an 
overloaded stomach. 
^^=§F turke, s. A Turk, Mus- 
syt^o"^ turtu, i-. A female's hair 

tied into a knot. 
:^-r?r turna, see ^-fs. 

^o^r, ^jgor turta, turtu, j. 
Swiftness, haste, speed, adj. 

Quick, hasty, swift. —Tio^o.?^ 
to hasten, accelerate, be quick. 
^oSr turii, s. Obeisance. 

soo tula, ^. A balance. 2. simi- 
larity. S.see ^(S/s. 
^j^2c, so^;-;tulaci, tulasi, -S-. The 
holy basil, Ocinium sanctum ; 
also ^j?>o^. _^B^ the embank- 
ment round a basil plant. 
~r^i worship paid to it. — -rforS 
beads made of wood of the 
holy basil. — -rf.-^e?, -_;^-d a 
necklace of those beads, -^o 
■c^o a kind of earring, frooso— 
the wild basil, Ocimuin al- 

sODS tula, s. The sign Libra. 
2. the seventh solar month. 

^SJ'S^^ tulavuni, see ?joeTO4r^, 

^JOe)?;* tulasu, see ssjoj. 

:^j€) tuli,<^(^'. Sweet, fresh. — ^?5 
fresh water. 

^oa^^, ^o©o:Jjj^ tulipuni, tuli- 
yuni (^-e5), V, a. To churn, 
make butter. 

^O0ojjj^ tuliyuni, .y^^ ?l)e3odoo^. 

;^J53 tule, J^^ oj3e3. 

so^2;Dd tulebara, s. Weighing 
one's self against gold, efe. 
— ^^^4S) to get one's self 
weighed against gold and dis- 
tribute it in charity. 

;^o^)^ tulya, adj. Comparable, 
analogous, equal. 

:^Oci;ao^ tullatulla, see ^^ ^^. 
^j3 tulli, see e^oe5 . 

CO ' 00 

;^02;o^ tuUuni, see ^'^o ^. 


ie5 tulle 


dXc^o tunku 

©os3^, ^os'So^ tullela, tullyala, 

^w^ tuva, s. Overflowing, run- 
ning over. 
^oQ, tuvvi, see ^oso. 

^o?oo, tusku, «^*. Useless, vain, 

unmeaning; also s^;^^. 
^o^ro tulasi, see ^oel. 

^s?B^^, eo^^DS^a tulapini, tula- 
vuni (^o^Ts), 7'. a. To row, 
paddle, steer; c/. ?io£ra4S). 

^^ tuli, ^1?^ ^'?- 

^^^rj tulipuni, ^<?t' sii^jSS). 

;^^odjj^ tuliyuni, i"^^ rioeSccioo^. 

^j^j tulu, s. TliIu. ai://. Of or 
belonging to Tulu. — 3ij3the 
Tulu people. -:is^ the Tulu 
country. -2ps4 the Tulu 

^^w=^j^ tulukuni, see £;3eJc^ofj. 

;^^03t)D3j tulutaye, s. A native 
of the Tulu countr3^ 

s^^:^fj tuluve, s. Softness, as 
that of a variety in fruit, efc. 
adj. Soft, as a fruit, efe. —^o^a^ 
a soft kind of mango. 

;^o°^os3 tuluve, s. A Tulu man. 
— c^oTTo an ox born and bred 
up in the Tulu country. 

eos?j> ^ tulpuni, see 7id<94^. 

;^f tulpe, s. A shell, skin, rind. 

aJ^A tulya, see ^e^^. 

i^j^^o^tullatulla, adr. In an out- 
spoken manner, straightfor- 
wardly. 2. suddenly, hurried- 
ly. — 3i{-^^ to speak out or 

^s;^j,^ tulluni (e^^^J, ^. n. To> 
roll, turn. 2. to leap, jump. 

sO^Q* tullel^, s. A marriage 
among Pariahs; also ero^^. 

sJ3 tu, ^. Fire. adj. Fiery. 
2. bright. 3. ardent. -^ ^^ 
matches. — ^ 5^5 soot. — ^ ^«3 
the scar of a burn. — ^ *^ a 
flint stone. -^ -S-^, -4 -aa, -^ 
■^of© a spark. — © ^ocz5, — ^ 
^j3ot5, — ^ t^cTj a fire pit. — ^ 
^^.^ a firebrand. — ^ /^^'rf 
burning coals. — ^ ^eteoso 
flame. —^ :S>^ smoke. — ^^Sso^:^ 
a box of matches. — ^ 4'-^a, 
-^-j?^. _;^ ^^, a burn, scald, 
blister. — ^ ^^ the heat of 
fire. — &5c;jr^ fire to burn. 
_£roS4s> to blow fire. — So^^o^Si 
to poke fire. — ^.^^^S) fire to 
blaze. — 7^>oS) fire to burn fit- 
fullv. —im>j,^^ to quench ^r 
extinguish fire. — s^o.Tj fire to 
extinguish. — ^jss^rs), — daos'o^ 
to tread on fire; to smother. 
_B?b^, — ss^^>to set fire. — ^'^ 
es^4c^ to light, kindle a fire. 
—•rfrecxj>iJSi fire to smoulder 

^J5o=^r3 tunkana, s. Swinging. 
2. dependence. 

sJSos'QOaOJ^ tunkaliyuni, see ^ 

s^o-0- tunki, see ^d^t^. 
;^J3o=3^j tunku, s. Swinging. 2. 

drowsiness. 3. reeling. 4.. 


^JSo^o tunku 


^J3sJi) tutu 

:sJ5o=uo^i, sJSorij^ tunkuni, tun- 

guni (^Ji^^, ^oK), V. a. To 

swing, toss. T'. 72. To reel. 

2. to doze, be drowsy. 3. to 

iJSorio^ tungalu, adj. Awny, 

full of beard, as corn. — aro5 

awny paddy. 
^JSorlo tungu, s. The beard of 

barley, etc. 
:^J3oZ§ tunci, adj. Thin, fine, 

small. 2. .y^^ ciooel. 
;^J5o23 tunji, sec n^^. 
;^J9oli tunti, ^^^ ?jj3ofc3. 

i^JSocss;* tundali^, ^. A nest of red 
ants. 2. see ^-ot§. 

:^J3odo5) tunduni (^.-soS), v. a. To 

aim, point at. 
i^JSozIo^ tundelu, i". Pointing, 


aJ3oWD* tumbaryi, ^. A big hole. 
2. .y^^ ?jjsc20o. 

sJ3o2od tumbara, ^. The eye of 
a spade ; ^. ■doo-5^. 

sJ3c20o, ^jSoEo tumbu, tumbe, see 

^JSotSjs tumbo, ^^^ ?ij30£3j3. 
i^jj^o' tuka, ^. Weight ; weighing. 

-rf AOoTli a plummet ; weights. 

— j^jsb^to ascertain the weight. 

— -rfo^o^^ to weigh. 

■is^"^ tuka, [imperat. jirst pcrs. 

pi. of ^jsL^). Let us see ! 
sJ5^5J tukara, s. Turbulence. 

-#??:» to be turbulent. 
'^Si'^^ tukala, see ^js^oa 
^.-S^Ooijo^, ^x=^^j^^ tukaliyu- 

ni, tukalyuni (^^^^^), v.n. To 

doze, be drowsy. 
i^JS^D^^ tukavuni, <:. z'. (<?/" ^ja 

*oSi) To cause to weigh. 2. to 

hang up. 
eJS-c-O tukiri, see ^.■s^^oeS. 

:^J3^j tuku, s. Hanging. —^riB 

a hanging lamp. 
^J3=D^o^ tukuni (^-s^), V. a. To 

weigh. 2. to hang suspend. 

3. to swing, rock, as a cradle; 

cf. ^4^^Co6dd?i. 

^dJi)"^.:)^ tukula, s. A hanging 

sJ3=3'o€), :^J3-o-, tukuli, tukri, s. 

Annoyance, distraction. — ^? 

?^^ to annoy, distract. 
:^JSr!a tugadi, s. Drowsiness, 

sleepiness. 2. see ^^a. 
^J5r!(^^^ tugadipuni (^jsaS), 

7'.n. To be drowsy, sleepy. 
i^JSrlj^ tuguni, see ^js^o^. 

i^J^yra^ tutanu, s. A mixture of 
rubbish and earth, burnt and 
used as manure. 

^J3^ tute, s. A torch, made of 
palm leaves, etc. 2. a fierce, 
quarrelsome woman; also 
tjj&B. — ^^a, — s^-rf a mock-fight 
with torches. — T^jD^ssja a 
quarrelsome woman. 

:sJ3e3o=#J5^i>j tutukolu, ^. A sol- 
dering rod. 

;^J3^ tudi, see 7jjdQ>. 

^JSrs tuna, see ^-■s^. 

;^J33 tuti, ^. Appetite; desire. 

;^J3:^J3 tutu, ?V2/. Fie! shame! 

tJt^ tuna 


tod tende 

^J-)f. tuna, s. A stake, post. 
~^^zK a kind of yam, Dios- 
corea alata. 
sjasjrs tupana, s. k. sign. 
:^575S^5) tupavuni, c. v. (of ^ 
S.C- & «;s^r'ij To show, point 
out. 2. to cause to winnow. 
tJlh"^ tupini (e^j), 7,'. a. To see, 
look, observe, 2. to try, test, 
examine. 3. to visit. 4, to 
seek; to consider, regard. 5, 
^ to take care. j-g^ain. 

sJ3c§ tupu, s. Winnowing, as 
t^"^"^ tupuni (^^), V. a. To 
winnow, fan. 2. to blame, 
abuse; see ^j&^c^^. 

^e3 tube, s. A bole. 

^JSD tura, .y. A contract, parti- 
cularly for toddy. -zL ^€ 
toddy supplied according to 
contract. -z: £f^:3 a toddy- 
drawer who has contracted 
to supply toddy. _:i ^e3 ^^^ 
^» to consign toddy accord- 
ing to contract. 
^Jltj turi, s. An earthen water- 
pot; cf. ^j,h. _^ca^ a man 
with a dropsical belly. 
:^JS&djov^o, turimullu, j-. Z/2«- 
///z/.y cenoplia. -s^t^Jc^ to 
:^Xdj turu, 6-. A crack, chap, 
fissure. -2ooS^^ to crack, 

eJSO^c^ turuni (^-?&), v. n. To 

crack, as a vessel. 
^JSdJl^j turolu, 9. A kind of 

rattan. Calamus rotaug\ cf. 
tji,-6js^^. _- 5ccf the root of 
the same, -ri eo^ a thicket 
of the same. -- £3£^ a walking 
stick made of the same. 

^JSC^jr turya, s. A musical in- 

3j?i^ tula, {imperat. 2nd pers. 
sing, o/^jit^) See ! 2.see7i:d<^. 

^JSsjoh tulangi, see 7ia>^oJ\. 

:^JSe73^^ tulavuni, see ?i)e;34s. 

:^J50 tuli, .Ji?^ eSjsesS, 

^e;j^ tuluni (^-^), 7'. ;2. To 
totter, reel; to nod, be drowsy. 
^JSdoA tuleng-i, .?i?^ ?ijje3c?\. 

:^J5^ tula, i". Inspiration; en- 
thusiasm, ecstacy. 
^^0 tulam, s. A kind of cotton. 
tJ^^o tulu, see 4e>'>^o. 
s%e3* tr^^ti^, s. An instant. 

:^xr3 tr^na, s. Grass, hay, straw. 
2. a bit. adj. Light or trifling, 
as a straw, —■sjsjcoo contempti- 
ble ; short life. 

t^^h^ tr^pti, s. Satisfaction, gra- 
tification, contentment. —^ 
t?i to be satisfied. — r:z§3j34^ 
to satisfy. [desire. 

^N^ tr^she, s. Thirst. 2. wish, 

so5e)COo tenkayi, see s^sdoso. 

tow?),^ tenkralu, s. A red kind 
of stone. 

to7t tengy, s. The cocoanut 
tree. 2. a swelling. 

iocs* tendij, s^^ s^oS. 

Jod tende, see eSczf^o::^. 

lod tende 


iijj, tettu 

io^^ooO, lodsjjj^ tendemuli, 
tendemuli, s. A species of 
thatch grass. 

icd'O^ tendel^, s. A very young 
cocoanut just out of bud. 
—Sijsof. a shrivelled or wan 
face. — ^yo^^ the face to 

io^* tenniji, adv. Now. 

Jor^rj* tennasu, ^-^^ ^?^oJ- 

JoZJd, ioijd tembara, tembare, 
s. A small drum. — t^jayo^S) to 

ioC tembi, J". The lower part of 
a cocoanut shell. 2. the back 
of the head. 

ioz^iQ, ioC^S tembiri, temberi, s. 
A burning sensation in the 
throat. 2. a raw taste, as of 
imperfect seasoning of food. 

Ioc2oojjj^ temberiyuni (SoeE), 
V. 11. To feel a burning sensa- 
tion in the throat. 2. to taste 
raw, as imperfectly seasoned 

IcSOjco tembuda, adv. Yet, still, 
up to this time. 

aot3 tembe, ste -cSctf^rJ. 

Jo "^6 tembere, see eoeo-d. 

io:is3' tembeliji, see :3od^. 

io:;:;j temma, i'. A cough, cold. 
^A,— the whooping cough. 
?Fj3o^_ cough with dyspnoea, 
bronchitis, ^o^^j— a catarrhal 
cough. — e;^oi to cough, 

i=a% tekkyi, sec t^^. 

i^6 tekkare, ^. A cucumber, 

Cucumis sativa. 
%'^~^:i7 tekkarme, s. A kind of 

ornament; also 'd^^. 2. see 

J=CT,s? tekkale, see i^a^. 


J^"3,4^ tekkavuni, c v. (of ^ 
^'Oj^) To quench, put out, 

J^tekki, s. Teakwood, Tectona 


grandis. — - ^'^ the teak tree. 

J5^j,?i tekkuni (*^d)' ^'- ^^- '^'^ ^^ 
extinguished. 2. to be calm, 
be pacified. «j3 i^^oS the 
fire is quenched, ^jsjsi— anger 
to be pacified. 

1=^ tekke, see si-S-^. I.sce eS^^. 

J=ff,6 tekkere, see t'o^. 

i,T\^<<f tegulij, s. A sprout, bud. 

lA*e.)o^ teg^luni (^^^'S), j'. 72. To 

sprout, shoot, bud. 
Jr(j^ teg-uni (^a), 7'.^. To take. 

2. to abuse, revile. ^5^? making 

a threatening noise. 
Jri^o^ tegeluni, see iKooS). 
Ji^s3 tegele, i". Abusing, reviling. 

— oAj?) to abuse. 
©^* tett^, «c^'. Bad, wicked. 2. 

rotten, decayed; also ^13. 
ie3|,sjj^ tettavuni, c.v. {of i«o^ 

S)) To cause to be damaged, 

corrupted 07' failed; also 

ei _ 

iejj,^ tettuni (^'^^O, <:•. w. To rot, 
decay, be damaged. 2. to 
become corrupt. 3. to fail; 
also €uo a. 


is tedi 


id tere 

i^ tedi, see €a. 

ias;* tedil^, s. Thunder, thun- 
derbolt, thunderclap. —-Soc23 
a flash of lightening. — ^.t:5 
ig^, —^tSe^Jri, —•rfoo"5?iJS5 to 
thunder. — tiis^r^, —^jso^ji, _^o 
^osi to be struck by lightening ; 
to be thunderstruck. 

i£2K^ tenas^, see S^^. 

i^ tetti, s. An egg. 

it^^ tettuni (Ǥ), ^'. :?z. To 
throb or distend, as the kid- 
neys from accumulation of 

t^ tenu, see io^. 

s^^^ctDoSj, i^oioteni^kayi, ten- 
kayi, s. South, adj. Southern. 
2. the Malabar province. 

i^??' tenas^i, s. Food, feeding. 

J^ teni, see ^^^o. 

i^,d tenkere, irregular gerund 

■=? « 

isi teppa, ^. A float, raft. 2. a 
shoal of fish. adj. Dense ; of. 
■diLs, — 3^yj a to make a float. 



i^art tepparige, s. A cloth- 
like substance which wraps 
round the base of the cocoanut 

i^. teppu, s. The fibrous cover- 
ing of certain nuts. 2. see '^^^• 

■§,ti teppe, see ^^S^- 

izosJo^ tebatuni, see ^^:>^d^t^. 

izc^ tebate, s. A kind of fish. 

iioj, tebbu, s. A bow string, 

i20o-20A tebbubbu, .9^^ ^^3 ew 

JsjOJii tematige, see ^e^S?^. 
isi^ temma, .y^'e sc-do. 

io5j, ioJJo teyi, teyya, i". Beating 

time in dancing, 
ioojj; teyya, see j2ai3g. 
iOo^ terante, ^^^^ i?-rfoS. 

id^oSj terakayi, ^^ Breadth. 2 
making way. <z^'. Broad, 
wide; also irj^oso. 

Jdcij^ teraduni, see i^Sclja. 

icJra terana, .y^^ s^jf^- 

sd^ terapu, i". Space, room. 

,irfr^ teras^, ^-^^ s^joJ- 

JD?^ terige, i". Taxes. 

iuS3c)S^5> teripavuni, c. v. {of ^5 
cdiof-) To make known, com- 
municate, inform. 2. to ex- 
plain, expose. 

Je^^ teripuni, see obcrfjoa. 

JooJo teriya, ^. A cirular pad of 
wicker or straw, placed under 
a vessel to make it steady. 

iOOtoj teriyu, s. A circle. 

iSoJjj^ teriyuni («&), •::'. :7z. To 
be known, understood, com- 
prehended, c. dat. To under- 
stand. 2. to be able. 3. to 
feel, perceive, conceive. o3oc^ 
oSodajotij I know, or I can. 
eyodofx ^5cS he did not know, 
he could not. 

Jdooeio^ teruntuni, see if ou^?). 

idj^ teruve, see Se^r. 

16 tere, see ^d 

sd^DoSj terekayi, ^^: itJ^oso. 

i6 tere 


i^n teja 

i6do^ tereduni (^^S), v. n. To 
be confounded, confused. 2. 
to roll down. 

^o^r^ terpuni (^^), v. a. To 
separate. i§r5 si)?!:^ to 
make one sit in a cross line 
as an outcaste at dinner. 
i§r a?L^^ to keep separate; 
to interdict, excommunicate. 

i^r terpe, s. Sod thrown up by 
ploughing; cf. S^-Af. 

i^F terve, see S?^r. 

lo^oeJj^) teli^iituni, ^^(? if oyj^. 

1^^, is3"3rf) telavu, telavu, .y. A 
young or half grown cock. 

1^^^, J<3^rfj?i telavuni, telavu- 
ni (i^e^, i£^), ?'. 11. To go aside, 
make way. 2. to avoid, shun. 

Je^Do^"' telant^, .y. Coming 

Is teli, ^. Gruel, rice water. 
2. .y^^ ^«3- 

l€)=^ telike, s. A laugh, smile, 
laughter. 2. ridicule, de- 
rision. ■rfooAO'do— a gentle 

l05O"s)^5) telipavuni, c. v. (of is3 
5d)oi) To make laugh. 

iO^^ telipuni (i^), 7'. ^z. To 
laugh, smile. ?'. a. To deride. 

l0o53"3S^5) teliyavuni, ^^^ ?3e3odjs 

i0cdoo^ teliyuni, ^^^ p^eSodJOc'i. 

iejj telu, ^^^ ie;j^. 

J^jorio, iujrij telungu, telugu, 

j-. Telugu. 
Jooor^ telunge, ^. A Telugu man. 

i 1^00^0 ^^teluntuni, see sfckic)^. 
J^o telpu, s. Thinness, ad/. 

Thin, lean. 2. few, little. 
i^d ^ telpuni, see S^4^. 
lej^, io^srf) tellavu, tellavu, ^. 

A thin, flat kind of cake, 

made of rice flour, eU, 
ie;j^ telluni (i^), 7>. a. To 

winnow, sift. 
is3 telle, ^^(? ^«3 . 

|?3F:i tellena, ad/. Thinnish: cf. 

isja* tevaliji, s. Desire, wish. 

2. attachment. 
i^^oejj^ telijintuni (ifolj), ^.^. 

To contract, shrivel. 2. to 

wither, grow thin. 
J§ tell, .y^^ ^e3- 
i^cdoo^ teliyuni, .y^^ ;6e3cdoo^. 
1^0=^0^ tenkuni, see i^^o'^o?^. 
i.^o'i tenke, see ;5?c?f. 
I^=5=*sjjj=s*r, i^^o^rfjo^r tekij- 

murk^, tekamurka, s. Cloying, 

palling, satiation. 
ii°=5^ teka, see t^s. 
1^=^ teke, adj. Brimful, up to 

the brim only. — «55 about 

three quarter seer of rice. 

_e;4^^ to mete up only to the 

brim of a measure. 
I^A^ teg-iji, s. Belching. 

$^r{^'^ teguni (®??^), i'. n. To 

i^td, %^ZiTf tsja, tejassiji, j-. 

Lustre, light, splendour. 2. 

glory, fame. 

i?23 teji 


i^t tere 

ie23 teji, s. A gift; cf. ^'.^. 
Iee3 teJi, s. A horse of superior 

breed, adj- Swift, fast. 2. 

sharp, as a knife. 
|^^« titu, ^. The beard of grass; 

cf. ^oAO. adj. Pure, clear; 

glaring, downright. -cs:£o 

a tall man. --^crt pure oil. 

—T^o^o, a glaring lie. 
MUij, i?y tetila, tetla, s. A 

kind of vegetable, Caladium 

nyinphacifoliu m . 
i^^ tete, see sS?^^- j-^,/^. 

i?c^!^j tedayi, ^. A base woman, 
I^CSDO^J tedayi, -J^^^ ^?^- 
l^a tedi, .s^^ ^e^- 
l^c^j, i^i tedu, tede, 5. A slice, 

piece, as of a jack fruit ; cf. 

i^d tede, s. A kind of fish. 

^_, -rfoocAO^- are its differ- 
ent species. 

i^d^^o^o tedemullu, s. A kind 
of tree. -^cSr the fruit of 
the same. 

i^a tedi, s. A day of the solar 

lesiorraoi. tepangayi, see ^^o 


l^sioT^s:* tepangelij, .?. Any 
article with an inclined sur- 

i9^^z>' tepakallij, ^. A polishing 
stone, whetstone. 

I^sifl tepane, 5. Ptubbing, polish- 
ing, as a precious stone. 

i^sid tepale, s. A kind of trough 
or bucket used for watering 
trees, efc. 
1^^ tepu, s. Ptubbing, whetting, 
polishing, as a precious stone. 
-^6^ a polishing stone; a 
corundum. -7^^"^ a polisher. 
—t.QOso a whetting board. -~ 
S3 4ri to polish, cut, as a 
precious stone, 
ie^^tepuni (ie), v. a. To throw 
w^ater with a bucket or 
trough. 2. to irrigate. 3. to 
rub, polish. 
1^2.^ tebate, see ^^^^■ 
Mz^^A tematige, see €?^S^. 
i^^ofd, Mz::>^7i temana, temana, 
s. Loss in assaying metals, 
waste caused by rubbing or 
polishing metals. 
I^^joij, l^^o tsmayi, teme, see 

ie-0 teya, see ^oax 

i^jf teru, s. An idol-car. 2. the 
car-festival, --^l^"^ to draw 
a car in procession. 

i^^ terij, s. Bark, rind, peel. 
-^eht-^, -rSsg^^, -<y3>x^S), -^^ 
^r-i to peel, bark, flay. #3i3l_ 
the peelings of cucumber. 

i^rfo^iS terante, s. A centipede, 

Mdd'z^ terata, ^. A car festi- 
i^do teru, .s^^ ^?S. 

1^5 tere, ^^^ ^?S' 

M6:i^o^ tereda-mara, s. The 

i^ri'T terga 


ij^ii toga 

markiug-nut tree, Semecarpus 

i.^j\'F'& tergade, ^. Settlement; 

conclusion; acquittal. 2. 

passing, as an examination. 
tlfj"^ terpe, s. Mire sticking to 

a plough. 
ir-?^£i terbidi, s. The street 

through which an idol-car is 

drawn; the car-street. 
tl'if telij, see ^ef. 
Ir^^^ri telavuni, .ye^ ieJ^^^- 
^?^»j;) tsluni (^?^), ''. :^2. To 

t?,^ tevu, ^. A kind of yam, 

Arum colocasia\ Calladium 

J^^* tel\;i, s. A scorpion. — aooS 

the hook of a chain, to which 

a coin etc. is suspended, —so 

^0^ a scorpion to sting. 
i-> tei, see ^^' 

sv^3 teinlti, s. Being in one's 
charge or care. 2. a peon 
attending on a superior offi- 
cer; an orderly. 

i,oj^ teipini, see ^jh?:). 

iiCfl teirane, see <^^^A. 

liCo^ teiruni, see sfSojoo^. 

i^'i^ teilu, ^. A money bag, 

txZ), I)s3 teila, telle, s. Oil, 

IvO?^ teilasa, see ©i^£)?i. 

^S teili, .y^^ %(^- 

|j3o=l tonke, ^. Void, vacuum. 

tJ^oA, |J3 0(^23' tonge, tongelyi, 
s. A cluster of blossoms; 
a bunch of fruits, ^^t. 

JjSod tonde, ^^^ ^oo(f. 2. see 

Jj3o^^e->J tondekalpu, ^. The 
northern frontier of the Tulu 
land, iijsccfs'ejj.'rfj ^s^ji^.^ieFtl) 

oJ CD 

^ri^ -dxtii, ^j^j i£?^ the Tulu 
country extends from Tonde- 
kalpu down to the ford of 

iJio^'^ tondtini, see Sj!,^^. 

JjSod^ tondappe, s. A tadpole. 

iJ3odci tondare, s. Entangle- 
ment, confusion. 2. perplex- 
ity, annoyance, trouble, vexa- 
tion. 3. misfortune, distress. 

iJScdo^ tonduni (ijscS), zj. a. 
To work hard, labour; cf. 

iJSorfoOj, JjSocSjSdJ tonduru, 
tondoru, s. A baking pan; a 
copper vessel for baking cakes 
by steam. 

ij?'od tonde, adj. Big, distended. 
-20033 a big belly, -s^a a 
tadpole. — .3j=)^ a kind of 

§J3owd tombara, ^<^". Abundant, 
much. ad7'. Heartily, freely. 
— erof^a to eat heartily. 

iJ3c23^)^^ tombak^, see oceos^. 

ijSosSo tomme, s. The lobe of 

the ear. 
ijsna, ijsrid togari, togare, 

.y. The pigeon-pea, Cajanus 

lS)r{ to^a 


Jjjc^j tocidu 

indicus. -t??^. -?ie;t)oso doll, 

split pigeon-pea. 
ijsrls;* togalii, see ^7\6. 
JjSf^JSD togori, see ijsAS. 
i^2do^* tojank^, i'^^ ;g&!c^. 

tj^ti=§, is:Zi'zd tojake, tojakade, 
s. Malice. ~z^@uo^ to talk 
maliciously; to give vent to 

iJ523 tojji, s. Itching, scratch- 
ing. 2. the scum of water, 
collected into hubbies. 

aJSlo toti, s. An old woman. 

iJ3^ tote, s. An old man. 

Ijsli. totti, ^. A bucket, trough, 

ijsli a^ tottilu, i-. A cradle, cot. 

— si-S-^ a bat. —^^d a large 

kind of butterfly. — ^o^^os) 

to rock a cradle. 
ijsL'o, tottu, .s-. The stem or 

stalk of a leaf or fruit. 2. 

the nipple of a breast. 
ij^'tld.p, ijse3J3,r20^tottuni,tot- 

tonuni (^^^^3' ^■^^■'Ij^)? ^'- ^• 
To embrace, hug, hold fast; 

ij5£j totte, s. A basket made of 
cocoanut leaves. 2. a honey- 



comb ; c/. ^i^^- 
kind of crane. [trough. 

Ijs&Iqoj totrayi, s. A wooden 
iJSeisS totlale, s. A child in the 
cradle; also ^■.'^^'^2;^^. — ^e 
h?i a wife to return to her 
husband's house, with the 
new-born child. 

I>.^c^c:2 todi^mbe, s. A cluster 
of flowers. 

tJ^dc'S^ todank\i, s. A clasp, 

iJ5d=u^ todaki^, s. Entanglement ; 
obstacle, hinderance. 

eJSZ^rio^ todaguni (^js'^K), v. n. 
To begin, commence. 2. to 

iJSC^n^* todageliji, s. Beginning, 

iJSCa^ofltodainane, i-. Entertain- 
ing a son-in-law or a mother- 
in-law for the first time. 

iJSCaC*, ij3J:3do todarij, todaru, 
s. Entanglement, obstacle. 

iJSdsS todale, s. The funeral 
dinner. 2. hardship, trouble. 
_d ?:;o3j^ food earned with 

iJ3^ todi, ^^^ ijsTl). 

iJS^ri todig-e, s. Clothes, dress. 
2. ornaments. 3. avidity, 

Jjscbj, ijsdo^o^ todu, toduvelij, 
.?. Greediness. . ijsTli^e? a 
greedy man. 

iJ2cl tode, 5^^ «-i^- 

Ijs^o^^ todepuni {^si&)^ v. a. 
To anoint. 2. to paint. 3. 
to smear, rub. 

|j5w;3t)«s^ todevalij, s. A bubo. 

tshxi,:^ Z todduve, s. A large bee. 
2. a beehive, honeycomb. 3. 
a lump of musty flour. - 
^ to build a beehive; to be 
come musty. — /^^s> to ex- 
tract honey from a beehive. 

Jj3cl todde 



is©e5, tolke 

Jjsd todde, s. A large kind of 
bee. 2. its hive; cf. ij^rio-B. 

Jjsclo^ toddelu, s. Greediness. 
2. a large bee. 

ijsd © toddeli, see ijaS^^. 

iJScIsS, aJSd^sS toddele, todtele, 

CS ' -2 ..J.J 

^. A greedy man. 
iJS^^i todtini, s. A greedy 

Jj3^0j, tottu, s, A maid servant. 
Jj3CJs3 todale, s. A stammerer. 
iJSds? todale, s. Stammering. 

2. indistinct pronunciation. 

3. untruth, —zjst-dd^ to stam- 
mer; to lisp; c/. si=;eJo^. 

Jj3doo=ad todunkara, i^^ SSo^t^. 

iJSdoor^iQ* todungeili^, .y. Long- 
ing, eagerness. 
iJSCJj^ todupu, s. A vain hope 

or desire. 


Jjssj^^^^ toppalipuni, see ^^«3 
iJ3^. toppi, s. A cap, hat. 
iJ33^ toppu, .y^^ ^^. 

ijsojj^ toyali, ^. A washer- 
iJ305Jo^i^ toyipuni, .y^^ ij^^ag^. 
Jj3o3j^ toyila, .y^^ ijs^^. 
iJ9o3o0 toyili, see ijsccio^. 
^J3d tora, .y^^ ?j^^- 
Jjsrfor^ torangy, .y^^ ^t^ooa. 

Jj3d€ torake, .y. A large flat 
seafish, a skate, thornback. 
t>^^~, h€~ different species of 

ij^dr^ torage, see ;6j3-rf^. 

ijsdrs torana, .y^^ ^jseTir®. 

|J3d^^ torapuni, v. a. To wash 
superficially. 2. to flatter. 
3. to heal a disease by incan- 
tations, fumigation, etc.\ also 

iJ3Cl0 torali, 5-^^? ^t3j39. 

iJ3ds3 torale, s. The mucus of 

the nose. 
iJ30^^ toripuni, .y^^ ojss^r^. 
ijads;^ torely, i". Abandonment. 

Jjsd^^ torevuni (^-^^), ^. a. To 

abandon, give up. 
iJ3=CTr®odjo^ torkaliyuni, see f^ 

JjS=aor^ torkuni (iijs^r), 2;. «. To 

play. I.see pSjss^or^. 
Jj3=^r^^ torkeIi;i, .y^^ ;6js^r<^. 
iJ35j)F torpu, 5. A kick. 
JjS^F^ torpuni (^j»5), z;. a. To 

kick. 2. to tread. 
©JSSJ^ozS tolumbe, .y^^e ijaeiood. 
iJ3e;o?i tolanga, see ijse^oK. 
iJSejrio^ tolaguni (^j3<^K), ^. ?2. 

To depart, move away; to 

leave, forsake, desert. 
|jS23^qra&toladhari,.y. A weigher. 

Jj3£)=^ tolike, s. The skin, bark, 

|j3ojo^j^ tolunkuni, see d®<ao 

ijSooozS tolumbe, ^. A bunch, 

ij3e-)jd toluve, .y. A hole. — ijs? 

tijS) to bore a hole. 
ijSoS tole, .y. The weight of a 

rupee. 2. a beam, log. 
ijsdo^ tolkelu, see t.^'Sr^. 


iJ3s;o^ tolpu 


Ij^^ud toda 

«J3^jj^ tolpuni {^^^^), v.a.&n. 
To prick. 2. to open, as a 
boil. 3. to split, as a tender 
cashew nut. 

iJS^o tollu, s. Substance, pro- 


perty. — ^oc^ok^^ to dissipate. 

JjSe;3^ tolluni (^---''^), t'. ^. To 

pluck out, as hair, feathers, 

tJi)^2^ tolaci, see ^oel. 

;iJ5s?o23, Ij3°^jo2jtoliinbe, tolum- 
be, see ^jzooaS. 

oJSi^s;* tolili^, s. Trade, business. 
2. see ij3orfo<9. 

JjSS^j tolu, J-. A hole. adj. 

©J5^oo=^o^ tolunkuni, see ^Qo 

ij3^ tole, see ^j&^. 

iJ3s;*A^) tolluni, see ijsejj^a. 
iJS^, telle, .y^^ tSjs^o. 

i.%^^ toipuni («js^), ^. «. To 
strike, beat. 2. to wash, as 

iJS^pWj toimbu, «(^'. Large, tall. 
2. fat, stout. 

iXis;^ toilu, s. Plenty, abun- 

iJS^o^o tonku, see i^se^o. 

iJs;?o=CTO^ tonkuni, see ;6jsec^o^. 

JjS^o=^ tonke, see tJjso^, ^jso;^. 

iJ3^o=^S3^ tonkelu, see i^s?^. 

Jjs^orli tonge, i"^^ ^j^o-R. 

Jj5^o2o tombe, ^^^ ?ij3o20o. 

iJw^oWOF tormbu, ^e£? ^t^oosdo. 

J>.S5S'o toku, s. Danger, risk. 
2. collision. 

iJ3?=5j^^o tokulu, i"^(? o-^?^j8ejo. 

ijs^'s', iJS^=^o^ toke, tokel^, ^. 
A slope, declivity, adj. Se- 
cluded, retired. 

Jj5^^j:tjj tokolu, ^. A kind of 

iJS^=5%s? tokkale, see p3j3t?rs3. 

iJS^tJSS^)?) tojavuni, c. v. {of 
i.(s?&;oa) To show, point out. 

iJS^Zij^ tojuni (^-se^), 7'.;?. To 
appear, be seen. c. dat. To 
seem, think. ^jsjaiof^'sob^ 
to disappear, vanish; to 

iJS^y tota, s. A garden, orchard, 
plantation. — tocSo a garden- 
er, planter, ss?;— a coffee 
plantation. s^T5:i_ a cocoa- 
nut garden. 

iJ3?l3 toti, s. A scavenger; 
a sweeper. 

JjJ^ljri totig-e, s. A class of 
Brahmins, working in planta- 

IjS^L'O totu, see eSjaoUo. 

JjS^Ca toda, s. Faintness exhaus- 
tion. 2. see sjseTii. —aijs-do^ 
to be exhausted. 

ix^c^cris^ todangel^, adj. Scoop- 
ed, burrowed. 

iJS^d^jdo3v todamarayi, s. A 
trough scooped out of a single 
log of wood. 

JjS^tsD^^ todavuni, c.v. {of^s>^ 
■:li^) To cause to dig, to have 


iJB^wO todu 


s^oeio tountu 

JjS^dj todu, s. A drain, sewer, 
gutter. 2. a brook, water- 
course, canal. 

Jj2?dj^ toduni (i^J3?S), 7'. (7. To 
dig, burrow, mine. Xo^^— to 
dig ^r sink a well. 

Jjs^iSj,^ todtini, see ^js>^^. 

Jj3^r3 tona, ^<?^ ^js^^. 

Ij?^^ totra, ^^^ ?6^e^. 

ijs^sirs topana, j-. A drain or 
opening on the border of a 
garden to let out rain water ; 

Cf. ^J!>^' 


iJ3^oj topi, see ijs^. 

JjS^^ topu, s. A grove, clump 

of trees. 2. a cannon. 3. a 

red coloured cloth, adj. Red. 

—h'^ a female's garment of 

red colour. 
iJS^sSs:^ topelijL, see ^jseeS. 

swe) \ oJ^ ^ si^wiy »^ t,^\ 

Ijs^zoj topra, tobra, s, A 
gram-bag for horses. 

iJ3?2j toba, ^. A fault, crime. 

—iji^^ ^h?i to be harassed, 

or defeated. — sir^^ to plead 

iJSezS, IJS^e^Ss:^ tobe, tobel^, adj. 
Big, large. -eoo^ a pot- 

ijs^sjo toma, see p6j3e^. 2. ;5j3^e^. 

JjS^dod tomara, s. An iron crow. 

2. an arrow. 3. a javelin. 
iJ3^0Jj toya, ^. Water. 

Jja^oSOoj)^ toyipuni, ^^(S ^J5^4^. 

ijs^d tora, J. Stoutness, thick- 
ness, adj. Thick, stout, large. 

iJ?)^ot2 torana, ^. A festoon of 
leaves, flowers, eU. hung over 
a doorway or across the 
highway, a triumphal arch. 
_3^uo^^ to put up a triumphal 

|j3i°a^, iJS^Ori torike, torig^e, s. 
Appearance, show, exhibition. 

|j3^Cij toru, s. Leaking. 

ij3^do^ toruni (^J3?5j, r. n. To 
leak, ooze, run. 'I. see ^3?&fos). 
IJSf^^o tolu, see ^jse^o- 
iJ3^i;o ^ tolpuni, see pS^so^a. 

Jj3^53i)T? tovale, s. A cultivator, 

iJ3^5^ tovu, see fi&^^. 

iJ3^^ tove, s. Boiled pigeon- 

tS)^"^ tosha, s. Joy, delight, 

^J3^^S3"s^, Jj3^?o'3 ^ toshekhane, 

toskhane, s. A treasury. 
Jj5^^ tol^, see ij5?^o. 

iJ3^^^ toli^, .y. The arm. 2. a 
wolf; also ^js^^^-Ka. —sexy 
strength of arm. ~^b-R an 
ornament worn on the arm. 
_e3e&!o^ to wave the arm. 

JjS^^oA^ tolangij, s. Shaking of 
the arm. 

ij3^>;^j tolu, s. A beam. 
ij3^^ tole, i-^^ ^J3«3- 
IjSv- toi-, see after ^j3s?_. 
3^- tou-, see ^^-. 
s^oejj^) tountuni (i^oSJ), v. a. 
To shake, wave. 


s^^o touku 


»l,2iJ3 trisu 

3^=5^0 touku, see ^2o€=. 

S^to tOUji, ^^<? 5X)7i8§. 

s^Ca touda, see ^rio. 

3^dori toudang^e, The creeper 

Asparagus sarmentosus 
S'^rijtoudujj'. Bran, husk. — eocf'S 

brown, ruddy colour. — s'o 

£2js5i a kind of viper. 
3^2^0/ij5^'v toudugoli, J. A kind 

of wild fig tree. 
€^^ touti, see cfaS. 
3^s toute, s. A cucumber. 

s^do^) touruni (s^S), r-. «. To 
strip off, as the leaves of a 
tree ctc.^ to remove. 

3^o;Jjr, 3^do tourya, i'. Music. 

3^0, 3^'^ touli, touli, ^^6^ 2i4s5. 

3^r3 trana, i'. Power, strength, 
ability. -crooSo a strong 

3^rS=^ tranike, s. A strong man. 

trasij, ^. A balance, pair 

of scales. 
3^2o trahi, imperat. Nourish, 

protect [poetic). 
Oj=CTt^j trikadu, s. A medicine 

composed of three ingredients 

^=udrs trikarana, i'. Thought, 

word and deed. 
^=73^ trikala, s. Morning, noon 

and night. 2. past, present, 

and future tenses. 
^"^^^z^ trikona, s. A triangle. 

adj. Triangular, 
vlrior^ triguna, s. The three 



qualities, /.^., truth, passion. 


and ignorance, adj. Three- 
fold, treble. 

j23s)OSj trijayi, s. A third part. 

;^<S?OJo tritlya, adj. Third, -a j 
£p*g the instrumental case. J 

vSjS)^ tridiva, ^. Heaven. S| 

3jc34)^j trinama, 5-. The secta- : 
rian mark w^orn on the fore- 
head by Vaishnavaits. 

^6^^ triphala, i". Three kinds of 
fruits, i. e. ts6 , ^es , sdcStj^oso, 
used in medicine. 

^2;ijdr^ tribhuvana, s. The three 
worlds, heaven, earth and 

^si)d trimara, s. A holy tree; 
also Brio-dyd. 

v^^jJSv^r trimurti, s. The Hindu 
triad, Brahma Vishnu, and 

A^dJl^ trimula, s. Three kinds 
of medicinal roots. 

Aq&j^"^ triyeka, adj. Triune. 

3,©orl triling-a, s. The three 

genders, namely: masculine, i 

feminine, and neuter. | 

3 ^JS^^s^ triloka, sec Sjs^^-d^. ;; 

3 ZjiiF trivarga, s. The three ij 
o I 

human objects, namely : love, |i 

duty, and wealth. || 

3 D=CT ^0 trivikrame, ^. A name li 

of Vishnu. i 

Ji Od trividha, s. Three kinds. 1 

adj. Threefold. I 

3 ^d trivude, s. A kind of metre, i 

vlsijs^ trisula, ^. The trident of 'i 

Siva. ij 


^^ treta 


zio'^Ch dankyu 

ij^^odjori tretayuga, s. The 
second or silver age of the 

|,)s3j3^=grc treilokya, see ^s^o 

0=5^ tvakk^, s. The skin; the 
rind, bark, as of fruits, trees, 

^Q^ tvarita, ^. Haste, speed, 


^ tha, The thirtieth letter of 

the alphabet. 
^7^d thag^de, see :ih^- 

:^kj^^ thatala, s. The sound of 
an unexpected slap. 

q5^, thatt^, see ^13^. 

deJ,?5 thattane, see ^y^. 

dU thatti, ^6^' ^^.• 

qjkb.rt thattuga, see ^wOjA. 

^^^d=5* thattetarak^, i'. House- 
hold furniture. 

qjd thara, i-^^? ^^• 

q5^ thala, ^^^ ^^- 


qJ^^q^^ thalathala, ^^^ !^^^^- 
2ps)oyo?i thantuni, see suoy:)^. 

q3a)e3j thatu, s. Gaiety, mirth, 

qraUj?^ thatuni, see ^Jiokio^. 

qrs^ thate, see ^B. 

^DZij^ thaduni, see sdt^osj. 

qraci thade, i-. An ox that gores. 

q3i)el thane, see t^^^. 

qj3?o thasa, ^. Heat, burning. 

2. inflammation, fever. 3. 

anguish, distress. 
[p^^ thedi, see A^. 


d da, The thirty-first letter of 

the alphabet, 
do dam, see traSo. 

rfo^?)5^5> dankavuni, r. t/. (t?/" rfo 

SoS)) To cause to kick, elc. 
do-S-oJjo^ dankiyuni, ^^^ do^ooS). 

.rfo=5^j^ dankuni (=^0^), z'. a. To 
kick, c'r throw with the foot, 
-as a ball. 2. to despise, treat 


with contempt. 3. to flaunt, 
strut. rfo^S ^j;)STij^ to speak 
defiantly, d^r— to mock at 
fear. §oaorf3^o^^ rfo^-cS ©"sSoS 
elders should not be despised. 
Cjo^ctOp ^ dankyuni (^°^), ^. ?z. To 
'crow lustily, as a cock. 2. 
mucus to discharge from the 
nose ; to suffer from catarrh. 

doA^ dangiji 


rfo^ dandi 

c3cA^ dang;i^, i". The arm. 

dori dan°:a, see ctcj?. 

doAi)^^ dang-apini, see under 

cJon«)d;?j dang-avuni, c. v. {of s;c 
aon) To cause to bend, bow. 
tioT\ dangi, i"^^ J^^'^- 

c5oh, doAa dangi, dangidi, ^^^y. 
Beut, inclined. —-^-^ a bent 
tree. S3^o:io— bent with age; 
old, infirm; cf. -oXo^. 

dortj dangu, see t.oK 

dono^i danguni (^3^), ^'. «. To 

bend, incline. 
Cjoridange, ^. Rebellion, mutiny. 

—■^0*0.^. — 2;^,4s» to rebel. 

tiQT\'<f dangel^, adj. Bent, in- 
clined, s. Bending, inclina- 

doej* dant^i, s. The stalk of cer- 
tain grains and vegetables. 
2. any pot-herb, as spinage, 

C^oej"3^5) dantavuni, c. v. {of ^o 
wjs-) To cause to stumble, 
trip. 2. to give offence. 

dosJJ^ dantuni (=;oCj), v. n. To 
stumble, v. a. To throw with 
the foot, as a ball. sioSS 
20;3-rfo^ to stumble; to be of- 

CjoiS dante, s. A walking staff, 

cSoci* dandiji, ^. A spring of water. 
2. an army. — Seq^r a sacred 
bathing place near Udapi. 
— ctojSo a soldier. — f:3cdo^ a 

army. — ;^?> 

^?5ni_ a spring of 
— ^wo^?) to levy an 

5^ to go to war. 

tioi:^ dand^, s. The stalk, as of 
a plantain leaf. 2. an oar, 
paddle, —^'ii:^^. —^^35^ to row, 

doCa danda, .y. A staff, stick ; also 
sictStf^oiao. 2. punishment, 
fine. 3. obeisance, salutation ; 
also wcrS^i . 4. loss, waste. 
— ^5i, an ascetic's staff. — cbdSj 
a worthless fellow. — a?B 
polity; ethics, —^t^ to be- 
come worthless; to be wasted. 
— ^jsLra to pay fine or dam- 
ages. — •rfo^o^oi to waste. 

do:^^ dandaka, ^. A sort of 
metre. 2. the name of a 
forest mentioned in the 

dod^ dandane, .?. Punishment, 
pain, torment. j5?^— penance, 

tioT^'7^ dandasii, s. A black- 
smith's tongs; a large pair of 

doS dandi, s. A mace-bearer. 
2. an ascetic. 

do^rl dandige, i". A kind of open 
palanquin, 2. a palanquin 
pole. 3. a sunbeam. 

doa^^i, do^^ij^ dandipuni, 
dandisuni (-=^), v. a. To 
punish. 2. to mortify, as the 

doao^ji)^;- dandiyavuni, c v. {of 
3:;oi!iodoofj) To cause to stretch 

do^ dandi 


rfos^oo dammu 

out the hand, as by offering 
to give something, to offer; 
also rfczsso^^i- 
doiScds,o^ dandiyuni (-o^^), v. a. 
To put forth, stretch the hand 
to receive anything; also ^s 

cjoci daude, s. Ornament worn 
on the arm. 2. a dam, mound, 
bank, bar. 3. the back of a 
pial. —Tisi a log of wood 
placed across the brink of a 
well to stand upon. 

do^" dandye, see ^cT>,-R. 

cjois danta, s. A tooth, tusk. 2. 

dosDd^, dovS dantavale, danti, 
s. An elephant. 

cSo^A dantya, adj. Dental. 

do3jvB dampati, s. A married 
couple. 2. a household. — ^^, 
.yg^ traosjsfn. —52(5^ adoration 
or honour paid to a married 

tioi^ da^mha., see rios^. 2.seezio-^. 

dosoei dambati, see ^o2;:)ki. 

doW^T^ dambadig-e, s. Delight, 
pleasure. 2. love, good will. 
3. acquiescence. 4. persua- 
sion. —ri:)'^\^, see rfoaoa^S). 

do2oa^^, do2oao:^oj?i, rfozoa 
A)0^ dambadipuni, dambadiyuni 
dambadisuni (rfosoa), ^/. ^. To 
please, delight. 2. to recon- 
cile, appease, bring to acquie- 
scence. 3. to persuade, con- 

dosoti dambade, see ^ozoy. 

do^o^^0!^^ dambadyuni, see rfoao 

do2o«Bjj dambatti, see ^o-^B. 

do"JD^ dambila, see ^o83<y. 

dosoo dambu, see rfo'rfoo. 

dozoj^ dambudi, ^. A pie. 

dozoj^, doEoJS^ dambuli, dambo- 
11, s. A thunder bolt. 

do23 dambe, i-. The hollow slip 
of a palm or bamboo used 
as a drain. 

dosSa^ dambelyi, see 6oiS6. 

doZjJ dambha, see rios^. 

dos3o damma, see v^r. 

dodo damma, adj. Left. 2. ^^^ 
^=^- ~% the left hand. -=#^ 
S3 A) a left-handed man. 

dodjoa, dodjodjo:! dammante, 
dammayante, see rf^odooS. 

dodoojj dammaya, s. An humble 
mode of entreaty; craving 
mercy or indulgence ; also 
rfo'^^jcdorf^.odo. ~t>ri^,?i to crave 
mercy. — sjs^^ to entreat, 
importunate, dun. 

dodJSD* dammar 1^, i"^^ crorfoS. 

dodjsd dammar e, see £iodjsT5. 

dodJJ dammu, s. Breath, hard 
breathing, —^^^i gymnastics. 
— 3^yoa to hold one's breath; 
to be silent, — xi^o^^ to hold 
one's breath. — sjs^o^ to die. 
— 20oa^^ to breathe; to sigh. 
— •doo^'o.oi to breathe in. —'S>1 
^S) breathe hard ; to smoke. 

dodoj(a dammudi, see ^oz^ioii. 



dtii dagga 


do^ damshtra, s. A tusk, fang, 
large canine tooth. — ^ut)^ 
a person having projecting 
teeth; a demon so called. 

do2i, rfo?j da^nsa, dansa, s. A 
gadfly. 2. a bee. d.see ^^c7i. 

Cj^a^a^ dakkijdikka, ^t/t-. Soon, 

d=^ dakka, i-. Trouble. -S^'OjS) 
to get into trouble. 

jj=^,vB dakkati, ^. Possession, con- 
trol. 2. appropriation. 3. di- 
gestion. — a'bs) to be appro- 
priated; to be digested. 

ii^A dakka, s. Weight. 2. Diffi- 
culty. —^^t^ to place a weight 
upon anything; to press; to 

cS^^.5^^ dakkavuni, c.v. {o/^^o. 
^) To cause to throw, expel. 
V. n. To place a weight upon 

CJ=5^,4'3^>^?> dakkavonuni, refi. v. 


[of c^5^j4^) To retain, digest 
anything eaten. 2. to mis- 
appropriate successfully. 3. 
to carry a load or burden, 
4. to take charge of. 

tih^ dakkita, see ^is'^S. 

d^s'j,^ dakkuni {^^^, v. a. To 
cast out, throw away, expel. 
2. to reject; also rf^OjTli^. v. n. 
see rf^o^^. ii^^S^-Eeb^ to be 
thrown away, lost. sS^— to 


cj=#, dakke, 

quay, pier, 

embankment. ^-seeT^i^ 

ci=ff>%o dakkoti, see w^'^S. 

2^=0=^ s^^ daksavuni, c.v. ((y3i^j^ 
oi) To bring into another's 
possession, v. a. To defend, 
retain, or appropriate to one's 
self what belongs to another; 
also C53^4'3f^>i^>- 

d's'jj^ daksuni (-^), 7'. ??. To 
be retained, digested, as food 
medicine, etc. 2. To be mis- 
appropriated successfully. 

rfr^i^ dagvidi, s. A rogue, im- 
postor. 2. a termagant, vixen, 

dri daga, see ri-R. 

Cjrifl dagane, s. An amazon, 
masculine woman, adj. Bold, 
masculine. 2. ill-tempered. 
— 8JD050 an aggressive (?r quar- 
relsome tongue or temper. 

:^Az^t\, drleorl dagadaga, dagaba- 
ga, adv. Brightly. —^^oF^i 
to blaze. 

dri6 dagare, s. A funeral drum; 
also riK-8^^^:>. 

cJri23^2Ji)23 dagal^baji, s. A rogue, 
cheat, impostor. 2. roguery, 
dishonesty, imposture. 

drlisS dagale, s. A coat; livery. 
— s:3t1:^) to put on a livery. 

L^f\7^ dagas^, s. Corn, grain in 

rfrl dage, ^. Deceit, trickery, 
imposture. — t^tS, _sso3o a 
deceiver, impostor, — tio^o^sjto 
deceive, cheat; to disappoint. 

rfrl, drlfS dagga, daggane, adv. 
Suddenly. -S9e;or^ to blaze 
up suddenly. 


cjti dacca 


c!)Z^ dacca, ^^^^ ^W- 

dso ci daccane, ^^^ J^t\^- 

CJ^iO^ dajjuni, ^c^ ^aior^. 

dso'data, ^. Thickness. 2. coarse- 
ness. 3. closeness. adj. 
Thick, stout, coarse. 2. close. 

d^oSo?oO^ datayisuni (^^oso 
!3), z'. «. To fix, make firm. 

dio datti, s. A waist-band. 


d^ojoj^, ci^^^^c^ dattiyuni, dat- 
tyuni (J^^). ■y. «• To rub out, 
obliterate, wash off. v. n. To 
be dense, crowded. 

rfcs^ dad^, see rfS . 

c;cs^o^3^?j^ d:3«s* dadumbasu, 

daduk^, adj. Coarse, -^ocyo 

a coarse cloth. 
tiU^'i^T^ dadujaddij, s. Callosity. 

adj'. Callous. 
^d dada, s. A shore, bank. 
Cjd=^, dadakka, «^/t'. Suddenly. 

_20j3-doS) to fall suddenly. 
cic^rfca dadadada, s. The noise of 

fast walking or talking. -?^^ 

Si^ to walk very fast- — ^^^ 

Tios) to speak <?r talk rapidly, 
dr^zcd, d:^;^^ dadabada, dada- 

badi, s. Rapidity, hurry ; cf. 

xiri^iri. 2. the noise of falling 

suddenly. -^^ hurry, haste. 

— os::5o a bouncer, blusterer. 

— 20js-do^ to fall suddenly. 
tiZi-D^ dadaliji, adj. Talkative, 

loquacious, —srooso loquacity. 
diS^ dadale, see ci^^. 
dc^sjci dadavante, ^. A strong, 

powerful or influential man. 

CoCSt)rfa dadadadi, adj. Quick, 
active, smart, adv. In hot 
d& dadi, s. A speck in the eye. 
2. anger, rage. 3. see c;z§. 
4. see ^a. — aojs'rfo^ to have a 
speck in the eye. -djsWJ^S) to 
stamp the ground with the 
da^ dadike, s. A kind of rash, 

da^^, d^ccJoo^ dadipuni, dadi- 
yuni (=!^), "'^'-a. To drive away. 
2. see &iai)S). 
da^j dadila, adv. Suddenly. -^^ 

AO-do^j to drop suddenly. 
ddji«jdj dadubaduj ^^^ Ti-d^^-^. 
dii dade, ^. An obstacle, hinder- 
ance. 2. a screen, blind. 3. 
a charm. 4. a scaffold, plat- 
form. 5. a roller, lever. 6. a 
weight equal to seven pounds. 
— ^Wo^^ to charm a serpent; 
to hinder by witchcraft. -s3 
Q??)S) to postpone; to come 
to terms. -^ sjarli^ to lift 
upon a scaffold. --do^Ov^S) to 
dt3« daddij, •?• Short stubble left 
in the ground. 2. worthless 
paddy. 3 . callosity, hardness, 
as of the skin of the palm 
from manual work, etc. adj. 
Dull, stupid, idle; void. -^ 
§> a blunt knife. -^^ stu- 
pidity, idleness. -^^o7\ in- 
dolent syphilitic ulcers. — «» 
& a bad kind of rice. --s^^ozS 

Zjd dadda 




oso a kind of wild screw-pine. 
—^t'^rcaiX)^ an indolent sore 
to suppurate. 
Zizi dadda, ad:'. Suddenly; cf. 


ziTi^^. —-^AOjSjto fall suddenly. 
c52^o* daddalu, s. The tree Ca- 

reya arborea. 
tid -D^, daddalatki, s. An inferior 

kind of rice. 
Cjfe daddi, j. A stupid woman. 

c3a OJJJ^ daddiyuni, see ?Nacdre^^. 
cjd dadde, ^. A stupid fellow. 

2. a sow. 
dz|j^' © daddolij ^. The American 

cSsl^j dadmena, s. Sluggishness, 

torpor. 2. indigestion, 
drssj* danal^, ^^ The sound of 

a bell. 
Cor^ dani, see 4^. 2. .y^^ v^s- 

Cjrli€ danike, i". Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. — e?Loi to 
become weary, fatigued, tired. 

driiSjDd;^ danipavuni, c. v. {of 
rfrSorfoo^) To fatigue, weary, 

dc^oJo daniya, cidj. Heavy. 

driiojoo^ daniyuni (J^rf), v. n. To 
be fatigued, tired, exhausted. 
2. satiated, satisfied; also "^^^ 

d?cJ danu, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. 
CJ3^ dattij, s. The left side. 

tjt^ datta, adj. Left. -??^ the 
left hand. 

dsj. datta, s. Adoption. 2. a 
gift. adj. Given, presented, 
made over. 2. adopted. — »^ 
sj. —-^ii/^ an adopted son. 
—h^'i'mri adoption. c^^£^««3 a 
deed of adoption. — >^^o), 
_■^^J^|S) to adopt. 

cj 3^?i ^ i)C dattapahara, .y. Taking 
back a gift. 

rfijj datte, s. An adopted son. 

cJiJ5j,e^ dattoji, see rf^j^^^. 

cSJj? ^$5 dattole, see under rf^. 

rfcSs^o^ dadaluni (^-^), t-. <z. To 
give, distribute. v. n. To 
tremble. 2. to boast. 3. to 

dfL^^ dadevuni (-:3), v. n. To 
become hard, get stiff. 

del) daddu, i'. The ringworm, 
herpes. —^5- the shrub 
cassia alata. 

Cjfj dana, see ■^^. 

d^ dani, see vS^. 2. .y^^ z;!^s>. 

dj^j danu, i'. A daughter of 

Daksha. 2. J^^ 4'^- 
dsJoi dapana, j-. Burying. — ^ 

^o^^to bury, commit to earth. 
C3s5, d^ dape, daphe, s. A turn, 

time. —-33 every time, again 

and again, frequently. 
€itiUi)t dapedire, see rf^caTS. 

d^D^, dsa;^^' daptari^, daptar^, 
.y. A bundle of papers tied 
together in a cloth; records. 
— ^ti an annual ceremony 
observed by merchants on 
closing their old and opening 






cjdjg dama 

their new accounts on the 1st 
day of Vikramaditya's era. 

cj^ dapti, see rf4^- 

dsl dappa, s. Thickness, adj. 
Thick, stout. — ^oouo a thick 
or coarse cloth. 

c3o^ dappu, s. Occasion, conveni- 
ence, opportunity ; making 
room or forming an open file 
in a gathering of people. 
2. ploughing. 3. an umbrella 
stripped of its leafy covering. 

ul^ ^dappuni(-),7'.a. To plough. 

d^JN daphana, see ^tj^. 

tif^^ui>t daphedare, s. A head 

d20=^ dabakka, adv. Suddenly. 
2. headlong. —v:>:iyd:^^ to fall 
suddenly. — eraXoo^ to jump 
down suddenly. 

c5eo^ dabade, s. A capacious 
leathern bottle. 

c52orfw dabadaba, s. Palpitation 
of the heart. — e)i>AOn^ to pal- 

tiUt-^ dabana, see dao^c®. 

dsod dabare, s. A kind of brazen 

pot. 2. confusion, disorder. 
tiV>ti7\ dabardasti, see &(2o5 

d3CDo5a?oj^), rf^7^?JJ^ dabayisuni, 
dabasuni (rferoosjoJ), v. a. To 
menace. 2. to force. 3. to 
chide, frighten. 4. to stop, 
detain. 5. to keep under, 
press down. 

rfzS dabi, s. Sense. —^^^?i to 

lose one's senses, become in- 
CJz:)© dabili, see ^83^ eS. 

d2oo3 dabuti, see si4^. 

dioodrj* daburas^, see rfsroro. 

dsooO daburi, s. Division of pro- 
fit. 2. a writer. 3. see i^eooQ. 
CjzOjjD* dabtaru, see ^iss^S. 

Cjti dabti, .y^^' ^^4§. 

d2j,c5u ?5 dabbadabbane, see r^ao^. 

d2o^ra dabbana, s. A bodkin, a 
large packing needle. 

cjsjdaurf dabbaradibbara, <a:t^'. 
l3isorderly, confusedly. — 3:t> 
t^J^ to put into confusion. — sn) 
i"rfo^) to speak incoherently. 

cj"^, dabbi, see ^23 . 



rftS,0 dabbili, 5-^^ ^83 e3, 



rfzoA dabbu, j". A crack, break. 
2. .y^^ c^20o,. 

C^mi^ dabbudi, i-. The wicker- 
work of a cart. 

CJm § dabbuli, see ^^^€>. 



^20, dabbe, .y. A splinter, slip of 

bamboo, clc. adj. Cracked, 

Clds3^ dabbeli^, s. A split, cleft, 

chink, adj. Cracked, split. 
c5djojjo3 damayanti, s. The 

name of Nala's wife. 

rf^^js^* daman^, J'. The large 

sail of a boat. 
d doe) 1^0 damami, s. The noise 

of a drum. 
rfsjJSrj* damas^, s. A stamper, 

beater, large wooden block 

cSdJs) dama 


do dari 

with a handle, used to level 
the ground. 
Cj^J5^ damasa, s. Damask cloth. 

d^oo=5=D4^ damukavuni, c. v. {of 
c<^ix)5o^), To cause bluster, 
tumult, noise. 

dsj.os^o^ damukuni, ^'. n. To 
bluster, storm, swagger, 

drio.cdj dammaya, see ^iciSoccJo. 

dOjJ daya, s. Kindness, favour; 
compassion, pity, goodness. 
_a?bs> to favour, condescend, 
oblige. — tSj^o^^ to honour 
with a visit; to give; to 
come ; to sit down ; to go. 

dcrfj?^?) dayasuni (3iaioc3), v. n. 
To suit, be fit. 

CjOi:c)=CTC dayakara, adj. Kind, 

CjOi3s)^^ dayanidhi, s. The trea- 
sure of kindness, God. 

doijsdol dayavante, ^. A kind 
or generous man. 

doiSsJTv'srid dayasag-ara, s. The 
ocean of kindness, God. 

CJoiJ3?*o dayalu, adj. Kind heart- 
ed, merciful, compassionate. 
— i£e^S the merciful God. 

Cjw dara, s. Price, rate. 

CJO dara. s. Fear, terror. 2. a 

hole in the ground. 
c5c!=a«)d darakara, s. Power, 

authority; right. 
cSd^^'^, dc;=^?^darakasyi,dara- 

kast^, see «^r^. 
CJO?T darag^, see tariK 
rftici daraji, see ^■S.r. 

ziiZT^ darana, s. Bursting, split- 
ting. 2. see T$6^. 

dcrf r daradara, ^. A noise, sound. 
—•^^55^ to drag with a noise. 

ddzod darabara, '^^dv. Greedily, 
voraciously. — ^^"■' to eat 
voraciously ; cf. eszJao-d. 

do 2:^5)0^ darabary, see -aror5. 

di^r^ darasige, s. A kind of 


c5c;?5 darase, ^. The day of the 
new moon. 

CoD dari, s. Coloured border of 
a cloth; cf. &&• 2. a window 
blind. 3. railing. — ^ocy the 
peg of a railing; a wooden 
post to fasten a racing buffalo. 

dSd, daridra, adj. Poor, indi- 
gent. s. Poverty. —@^ the 
state of poverty. 

d&d> daridre, s. A poor, desti- 
tute man. 

rfO^^ daripuni (-5), v. a. To 
shudder, shiver, tremble (as 
a demon priest); cf. &!5^^. 

dDcio dariya, ^. The sea. — aro 
rf^Acl a small island off' the 
coast of Udapi, called the St. 
Mary's Island. 

dao53Do^ dariyapti, s. Enquiry, 
investigation, trial, exami- 
nation. — ■sij's'o^S) to make an 

dOoJoj^ dariyuni (=^a), v. n. To 
break, burst, spring open; 
also dSS^tefb^. 

dD^c^ darisana, s. A necklace 
of shells. 2. see ri^r^. 

dt^o daru 




cSOo daru, s. A door. 2. see rfd 
cSOors daruui, see x^A 

ciCodK)6^ daruduru, ad/. Eough, 
coarse, -^rf^^ to speak eva- 
sively. . 

ddjsojdj daruburu, s. Sipping. 

cScJJsiFj darusana, see ^€r^. 

zS6 dare, s. A fence, parapet, 
wall; e/. z^i3. -s^i^^to fence, 
raise a wall. ^^^^^^ 

ddj?)^2j?/^ darobasti^, a^'. All, 

ds'5)rD* darkary, i-^^ rfd^d. 

dSDr^j^, dii3^r;^_^dar'kasty, dar- 
khastiji, s. A tender for the 
cultivation of land; an offer 
for liquor contract, --do^^r^ 
to bid for a farm, e^c. 

drtr darga, s. A tomb supposed 
to work miracles. 

d>^F darji, j-. A tailor. 

ziziO^'^ darjuni (^^!^). v. a. To 

drsr darna, see rfdr®. 

z^sF'o^ dartelu, ^. Breakage, 
what is broken. 

dlrsS dartele, i-. A striker, break- 
er; also rf^^rd; c/. cJagr^. 

cSiJSrrej^ dartonuni, re^. v. [of 
si^r^) To beat one's self in 
sorrow, etc. SX-iK- to beat 
the breast ; to mourn. 

dsJF darpa, s. Pride, arrogance. I 
-cboSj a proud, arrogant man. j 

titiV^ darpana, ^. A mirror, 
looking glass. 

ci^r darpu, s. Swelling, inflam- 

c5s3)F^ darpuni (rf&), v. a. To 
thrash, beat, strike, break. 
V. n. To swell, inflame, f.^ 
%- to curse, anathematise. 

dEJtJFD^ darbary, s. An audience. 

2. an audience hall, a court. 

3. grandeur, pomp, ostenta- 
tion, show. 

c^e^F, rf2^r darbe, darbhe, s. 

Sacrificial grass, Poa cyno- 

tizi.'r darma, see qi^jr. 
c3o3^2)F^ daryapti, see uiSoojab . 

ds^F^i, d^^iFFi darsana, darsana, J". 

A vision, sight. 2. a visit, 

rfo^ dala, adj. Stout, strong, 

robust, thick. 

d^^eJO"', ti^^j^t^ dalavadi^, dala- 

vadi, see rfsy^^osj. 

de3i)a daladi, s. Depth, a^; Deep. 

— sie^ deep water. 
^231)23^, ds!?0 dalalu, dalali, .y^^ 


cJC) dali, j^^ c^5. 
c^sj* dallu, j^(g rfS. 

dy^S, cjs:^^ dallali, dallali, s. 
A broker, agent. 2. agency, 
commission, brokerage. 

dQoJj dalliya, s. A foot-cloth. 

dScJoo^ dalliyuni (rff^), t-. a. To 
slap, beat. 2. to smear. ;?j3e 
■dp. ^of?- to smear a wall 
with mud: cf. rfarfj?. 

ddd davade, .y. The jaw, cheek. 

ddr^, dsjfl davani, davane, s. A 
fixed term of payment. -a3t5 


rf^ dava 


cjri dasta 

one who pays by installments. 

— eleCi a written agreement 

fixing installments. 
cidrlz-s;^ davanebally, s. A long 

rope to wliich cattle are tied \ 

in rows. 
rf^3 davati, s. An inkstand; 

also cr^S- 
rf^?^ davana,J-.Akind of fragrant 

CJ^D^ davary, s. The flapping 

selvedge of a garment. -^» 

oo^ hemming the selvedge 

of a garment. 
ds3dj davaru, ^^■. Loose, -e^e^, 

^ loose breeches. 
Ciri?j davasa, s. Produce of the 

field; corn, grain in general. 
Z^Z2^€) davali, s. A peon's belt. 
d^c^o davudu, ^■. Expedition; 

march, speed. 2. a gallop. 
d^<i davude, s.e :i^:?. 
Ci^ii davuti, see =;^S. 
c3^Coh davurangi, ^. A loose 

jacket, long coat. 
d^Co davuru, see :::^-dx 
d^J dasa, mim. Ten. -^ tenth. 

—z^ ten kinds or sorts. 
C5SC.- dasami, ^. The tenth day 

of the lunar fortnight, 
dsi^oo^ dasamukhe, ^^ Ravana 

the ten-faced giant. 
dSd^JS^ dasamula, s. A medi- 
cine composed of ten ingredi- 
d£!rf^ dasarathe, s. The father 
of Rama. 

dSDori dasanga, s. A composition 

of ten fragrant substances, 

used as perfumery. 
ds^oS dasamsa, s. The tenth 

part, tithe. 
CjS-s^jsdc! dasavatara, s. The 

ten incarnations of Vishnu. 

—<^'ti a dramatic performance 

exhibiting puranic episodes. 
c5i dale, s. Condition, fortune, 

luck, iutluence of the planets; 

c/. i^. 
dls^^i, doicdjo^ dasevuni, da- 

siyuni (-^. ^'^), ^. ^. To tread 

down, press in. 
Co^i.oJ-ON dashtiyuni (^^), ^'. -^^ 

To clean, as a slate, 
d?- dasa, see rf^. 
d;52o^ dasabasa, see ai;^20ri. 

dJ^iS dasari, ^. A kind of striped 
linen cloth worn by Brahmin 
females when cooking or du- 
ring meals. 2. see ^^. 

d>^6 dasare, see ^^■ 

d-j'so* dasal^, see 20;d3^. 

do) dasi, s. A painted palmyra 

d73 dase, see rf^. "^• 

d^SOJs)?:* dasemin^j, ^. A kind of 

d^3^ daskat^ji, s. A signature. 
—ssrioS), —•sdi^o^c'j to sign. 

d:="-^ dastu, s. A parole. 

dt dasta, s. A quire of paper. 
2. a pack of cards. 

d^¥ dastaky, ^. A passport, 
permit. 2. a summons. 

Cj3^j?' dastu 


UD-M dandi 

c5::oJ^& dasturi, i". Custom, usage. 

2. likeness, similarity. 3. 

a signature. 4. fees, duty, u 

3j^^— postage 
d^^sJzS, Cj^j^^z^ dasteivaji, da- 

stoji, s. A legal paper, 

voucher, document, exhibit. 
di7i<^ dasya, see cro^i^^. 


Cj^-o dasyu, s. A demon. 2. an 


enemy. 3. a barbarian. 

c3?o,, d;^, dasra, dasre, s. A popu- 
lar festival observed in 
honour of Durga for the first 
nine days of the lunar month 

r^k dasri, see s5?i&. 

CJcoFi dahana, s. Fire. 2. burn- 
ing, especially of a corpse. 
3. digestion. — sos!) a burnt 

c3co^^ dahipuni (^co), ?'. «. To 
burn, consume. 

d^ dala, ^. An army. 2. bottom. 

3. the shore of a river, efc. 

4. the petal of a flower. 5. a 
fragment, adj. Thick, stout, 
robust; cf. ^^- — i?J^a55l^i to 
foam, bubble up. rf^ Zf^rio 
rfA zfSjsrio it must be thick 
and stout. 

ds;'o5* dalanku, .y^'e d^is^c^. 

d«^o=^ dalanke, <2^_/'. Large. 2. 

loose. —'ST^c^ a loose bracelet 

or bangle. 
C3°v^:^ dalabala, «<://. Thin, clear, 

lucid. 2. loose. 
d)°^ZDzi dalavada, s. Artizan's 

tools. 2. an assembly of 
people. 3. an army. 

ds^^'soSjdalavayi, ^. The general 
of an army. 

ciM?oi dalasari, s. Strength, thick- 
ness, robustness. 

d^ dali, s. A line of reepers or 
splits of bamboos. 2. wooden 
or iron railings; c/. ^^. — ^ ^^ 
■j^S a travellers' inn. — ^13j,^ 
to erect a frame work of 

d^ojj daliya, J". A mode of puri- 
fying clothes on account of 
pollution from birth or death 
of a relative; also cro-^ • 

d^^^ dalena, adj. Torpid, in- 
active, as the stomach. 

d^?d dalraena, see ^A^. 

d^r? dakshina, s. South, ad/. 

d-ff co'SOJjN dakshinayana, s. The 
sun's course south of the 

d^ dakshe, s. A son of Brahma. 

ui) da, m/^. pron. What? 

which? c/. sro. cro^what? ^^ 

c&)K why? crae/c anything. 

m/y. A sound for calling 

c3e)oLb^ dantuni (c33cl3), v. a. To 

cross, ford, pass by; also 

zzDoQ) dandi, s. A stone-mark on 

the seashore. 
Uj-?>zQfi dandige, .y. A strong, 

stalwart man. 

2 7* 

n'Sz^ dandi 


cjSfl) danu 

c3Dca-r!o:i dandimara, see stoB 

UDo^ dlnti, neg. part. What is 
not: destitute: less. '^^^— 


'£'— fruitless. 

^^o"" senseless, imprudent. 
Tsitf^i cj^^cS^oSj a man without 

^t ©Or 

means. cdjsrS nssS 
during my absence. 

cn;oi dante, neg.ger. Without, 
except, not being. ^sa>^— 
without fear, fearlessly. 

23i)o?5-3 danna, xVz/^. pron. 
Whether. 2. I know not what. 
eyc£j ^^c^)— I doubt whether 
he will do or not. es^ t?^s 
Zj^— I doubt (';r I cannot say) 
whether it will happen or not. 

CjSosisr, dimpatya, s. Married 

^3Do^JJ^ dambuni, see c:3?ioa. 

C3i)c-Fi dakina, i'^^ ^fj^^- 

CjD^s;*, gdjOs:' dakhal^, dakhi- 
ly, 5. Arrivah 2. entry in a 
book (?r register. — e??:;^ to 
arrive; to be registered or 
put on record, as a petition, 
etc. — il)«c^a to make an 
entry; to file, register; to 

2o'9lij?3, cjDI^ dakhale, dakhle, s. 
Demonstration, proof, docu- 
mentary evidence. — ^jalbrs) 
to give proof. 

w^T\^ da^u, s. A scar. 2. dis- 
grace, infamy. 

u^l\tiSi'& dagaduji, s. Repairs. 
~-A:>^\^^ to repair. 

n"??io5j dagayi, s. The left hand. 

C3e)^ dadi, s. The beard. 

C3s)a dadi, J-. Harm, risk. 

^3^)cl3^ daduni, see sa^^. 

ODsl dade, 5. A tusk, fang, 

Cj?'3'9t) datari, 5. Protection, 
support. 2. i"^^ c^i. 

C3D3=a, S3Dor^ datike, datige, s. 

A strong, courageous man. 

2. a thriving, prosperous 

unt. datu, j'^^ 53^- 
C3i)sx2[, datri^tva, i". Liberality, 

U'h% date, i". A generous or 

liberal man. 
t:s^^\z ditvari, see trosBa. 

Cj3C!;J dadavu, intg. pron. 
Which, what? 

i:3e)f3 dana, -. A gift, donation. 
_y;ior liberality, charity. —35 
©; a deed of gift. — -^.^^ gifts 
and honours, —^es^ generous, 
liberal. ~^~Jt'F?j. _tii«?j^^ to 
bestow alms. 

ui^t>^ danave, s. A demon, 

Cos)^ dani, sec cro?3. 

cra^ dani, s. A giver, donor. 
2. an elephant. 

C3??io^ danuni, <3f(^. ^'. What is 
to be done? crojio^ what are 
you doing? 

ZJe)^ dine 


zje>6 dare 

C3'5)?5 dane, mfg-. fron. What? 
—20^ what did you come for? 

CjSfSoCo* oi:^ danendunda, conj. {lit. 
If you say what), namely, 
thus, as follows, because, for. 

Cji)^ dapu, see '^^. 

uiii^'A'L.'c^ dabaniball^, see rf^ 



C3'5)ZJ^ dabali, s. A kind of white 

CsJWJ dabu, s. A child's girdle, 

a silver belt, 
^yswo^ dabudi, i'. A joint-piece. 

C3t)22 dabe, i-. A pigeon-loft. 2- 

bodily care. 
.23i)s^3^uj^j* damijdumi^, -y^f v^So 

i3e)rfoD* damar^, see 3i^j&. 2. 

see t:^"^. 
Z3D5^o?j* damasu, i't'-? rf^^oJ- 
•crasiraa damadi, .y^^^ osajodg. 

.t3"e)d333D03o damasayi, 5-. Pro- 
portion, apportionment. 

■ZTsDOrj^ damisu, a.'//". Useless, 
worthless. 2. worn out. 

Z3e)s3j3^C)6 damodare, s. A name 
of Krishna. 

i3s)aJo daya, i". Heritage, inheri- 
tance. 2. a gift, present from 

n«)OJj=^ dayake, s. A giver, donor. 

craajj?9 dayana, s. Illusion. 

tJ3odj:3o , n^oiSDa dayadye, daya- 
di, s. A kinsman, relation, 

23^o3j daye, (-^ -^o3o) ^,?^ under 

23'so3j, 3j3o3jrf daye, dayeg^i^, 
/^z/^. pron. Why, for what 

(/zV. Why, if you say) Where- 
fore, because. 

S3DD^ dar'^, see cra'^. 

Cj 4) D* :J JS do dar^duru, .y^^ c33-dorf;s-d>i, 

cjsd dara, ^. A thread, string. 
2. a wife. — 3:j;5c1d^ to stitch. 

C35doC> daranda, 5. A door frame. 
— -^j a lintel. 

C3'S0ri darag-e, ^. The second of 
the female twin demons; cf. 

cjsdcl darane, s. Price, value, 
charge; cf. TL-i. 2. see vd"cJ?5. 

Cji)doJj daraya, i'. A star. 2. j^i? 

23 iQ dari, s. Road, way, path. 

£TSdjdJ3do daruduru, s. A false 
accusation; slander. 

Cosd dare, .y^^ V3"3. 

t3e)d dare, ^ personal affix 
deiioting an office bearer, 
holder, ^/^.; as.^ ^oo^i^dstS, Sd^o 

cs'sdlj^d darepire, s. The fruit 
of Cucumis acuta7igula^ a 
variety of t^- 

C'sds^^ darepuli, .?. The caram- 
bola fruit, Averrhoa caratn- 

z^Ddsr-Ofl daremane, s. A seat 
occupied by bride and bride- 
groom during the marriage 

as 6^ dare 


aotSe) dinja 

23s)6e^^, darekalli, s. A kind of 
striped milk-hedge, Euphor- 
bia anfiqtioriim. 

CjDclr darne, see raiis?. 

C3s)We)rc;^ darbadij, ^^^ 3israr5. 

un'i^'i};'^ dalacini, see ^°^^- 

£3i)aD dala, s. Anything; cf. cjd. 
—"9.^. c^s:^ there is nothing. 

£3i)s;d3 dalali, j-^^ -i'^c. 

C3dOo2J, c3t)Oo-vidalimba, dalimbi, 

C3T)€)e3 dalijji, j^^ under nse;?). 


C3:)S?i dalcini, i-. Cinnamon. 
zm^ dava, J^^ °3, J^cS, :ro. 2. ^i?^ 

33Ddr320c:;* davanibally, J"^^ j^^jS 

23^ da davati, ^. Grief, sorrow, 
distress, suffering. 2. weari- 
ness, fatigue. 

S3Dd«? davali, see tjsso'?. 

C3^^ davu, J". Glare, lustre, heat, 

OD^ dave, s. A suit, claim ; com- 
plaint. 2. enmity, spite. — cs^ 
a complainant. — t5o«^o^s» to 
claim; to complain. 

CjD^^^- dasatva, s. Slavery, bond- 
age, servitude. 

cs'SJi^ dasana, s. The shoe-flower 
plant. Hibiscus rosa sinensis ; 
also os^jji^. 

C3j);^iioJ) dasapanti, s. A kind of 

grass, used as a blister. 
23e)?ooiJ dasaya, see s5?jrcdo. 

C3D^o3j. cjd^cSj^ dasaye, disayye, 
s. A Vishnuite mendicant. 

CodA: dasi, j. A female slave, 

maid servant. 
ui'k'^ dasina, s. The colouring 

of the teeth. 2. a kind of 

grass. 3. see ^rotrorf. 

uiifi dase, s, A slave, servant. 

2. a mendicant; cf. ra?i:5o. 
33D?3^j dasemi, ^. Mustard. 

C73^f3, CT3?j;3j,c^* dastana, dastani^, 
.y. A store, storing. — a?L^ to 
store. — Ti>?<o^S) to collect, 
make ready. 

C3e);^p^ dasyatva, see cro?is2,. 

cragd daha, ^. Burning. 2. thirst, 
ardent desire. — S?^r^ to 
quench thirst. 

C3«)^ dali, -y. Marauding, plunder, 
sacking. [nate. 

23s)^oiJ dalimba, s. The pomegra- 

Oe)^ ra, c^^ rso dakshina, dlkshi- 
nya, i". Regard, respect, con- 
siderateness. 2. partiality. 
rJocso— regard of person. 

a di, A/eminine affix ofnouns\ 
as^ &i^N a youth; &;d^a, ai 
^oa a maiden. oijai^rfj?)?? a 
master; cdo&;^jei?3a a mistress. 

SorSoz^j^, aori^^ dinguduni, 

din?uni, i'^^ »oaoS). 
ao2d dinja, s. Plenty, abundance. 

adj. Full, complete, replete. 

2. much. 3. violent, severe. 

adv. Very, often. —^^ plenty 

of people. — £5e^ severe pain. 

—S3- often, many times. 
ao23?5^^ dinjavuni, ^. ■y. (^/"aca;j 

c:.) To cause to fill, load, heap. 

aotio diniu 


a=^ dikke 

aozxij^ dinjuni (s^^^), v. n. To be 
filled, full, replete, v. a. To 
fill. 20c^- Hi. to fill the 
belly ; to earn one's livelihood ; 
to be pleased. 

aoeSs:*' dinjel^i, s. Fullness. 2. 

aoC3^ dindij, s. The festival of 
illumination, when the idol of 
a temple is carried in pro- 
cession. — ^wj^^ to decorate; 
to prepare for an illumina- 

£)o(3* dindyi, adj. Strong, stout. 
2. rash. — ^?i, see aotsa&^A 
— ^Brj^ crooSj a tyrant, bully, 

£5cG^ dindi^i, .?. The tender stalk 
inside a plantain tree. 

£)cC3 diuda, '«<^'. Proud, mischiev- 
ous, impudent; cf. aoz§. 

£)oG?!ejr^ dindatige, s. Mischief, 
impudence. 2. stupidity. 

aoCsj dindu, see ao5. 

aod dinde, 5-. A strong, stout 
man ; a mischievous fellow. 
— 3S-5 a large cocoanut tree. 

Qora dinna, see si^^or®. 

aoar^ dindige, ^^^ 3§oa:^. 

^0^ dinne, ^. A hillock, eminence. 
—^\ hill and dale, ups and 

£)o^j dimma, s. The sound of a 
• small finger-drum. 

QoSofS dimmane, adv. Quickly, 

aosJji55^ dimmaki^, see a^ra^. 

Qo^j dimme, ^. A wedge; a 
stopple, plug. 

£)odc* 5"303j dimmskayi, ^^^ aj 

a^*, dikk\i, J-. Direction, side, 
region or quarter of the 
world. 2. refuge, shelter, 
protection. ^^— four points 
of the compass. — crooS des- 
titute, helpless. — crocSfracSo 
a destitute man, an orphan. 
— nsoi without protection. 
— ^^ giddiness, confusion ; 
roaming, wandering. —^4^^ 
to miss the direction. 

a=3^, dikka, adv. Quickly, speedily. 

;S^&3j)^ dikkaripuni (a^^^), v. a. 
To despise, condemn, censure, 
reproach. 2. to disdain, re- 

a^^^ dikkali?, see a^jSa^^^J- 

^ws.^'t)0^ dikkapaliji, s. Disper- 
sion, dissipation, ruin. — e^S 
^??-^fj to be dispersed, dissi- 
pated, ruined. 

a=s^,dj£i dikkamalli, s. A kind 
of resin tree, Gardenia lua'da. 

Q'S^u dikkara, s. Disrespect, in- 
suit, contempt; disdainment, 

a-^ dikki, see c2-ct,. 

a^z^r-od dlkkijjyande, see a^^ 

naoo under a^^. 
a€, dikke, i". A Pariah. 
a^, a=^a^ dikke, dikkel^i, s. A 

hearth, fireplace. — rf ^^ the 

front of a hearth. a^^rfoX^ 

the hearth-place. 

a^J?, dikko 


Sn dina 

Q^%y dikkoliji {/em. of atf^), 
s. A Pariah woman. 

t^^i) tj=^ dikpSlake, s. The guar- 
dian of one of the eight points 
of the compass. 

t^T^xf digijr^, s. Disregard, in- 
difference. 2. resentment. 
adj. Adverse, contrary. — ^ 
^•d, — 7;;rroS an adverse state- 
ment or reply. — lii^o^oi to 
resent; to disregard. 

arloa diganta, i-. The horizon. 

ariose! digantara, s. A foreign 

ar(o2od digambara, adj. Naked, 
uncovered. aXoBO-S a nude 
man; a recluse, anchorite. 

aAs:* digil^, s. Fear, alarm. 2. 

ariti diggaja, ^. One of the 
fahulous elephants support- 
ing the globe. 

a M^ociFi digbandhana, s. A general 
charm to keep off all evils. 

ari, dj digbhrama, s. Unsteadi- 

arTO,lr digvarte, s. News from 
different directions. 

£)r),z.iOJj digvijaya, ^. Universal 

a 13 dita, ^^^ ^^^^• 

a&i ditta, '^^/. Confident, bold. 
— ^?i boldness. 

a^ ditti, ^^^ t^^S.^. j-j„g^„. 

afeS dltte, ^. A bold, or clever 

a^S^oZvO didijinbu, adj. Corpulent. 

acs^oE^D* did^mberi^, .?. A deified 

bull, an ox belonging to a 
Siva temple. 2. Siva's steed. 

ac3'^ did^ka, 5-^^ a^^- 

ara^ad didi^idida, «^J'. Quickly. 

ac3*s3jf^ did^mena, see rf^??. 

acs dida, see ri^. 

a^=^ didika, see ai^^. 

as^joeoj didumbu, ^. A big drum. 

adj. see aSosoo. 
acdJozSdo didumberUj .y^^ a5ot35. 
acl didka, <a!^J'. Immediately, 

quickly; suddenly. 
ajs^ didd^,^. An elevated ground, 

a mound. 2. rancidity. 
acl didde, see 25c 



arl,?^ didmena, ^^^ 

ado^o, ad53, didamme, didappe, 
see ^'^ K^"^:), Sio;^, 




a^s*?"/ dinijis^, ^. Likeness. 

kind, sort. 
aoS^?5"srf dinijisara, J'. Different 

kinds or sorts, as of goods, etc. 
ajd dina, ^. A day. -^w^s? daily 

routine. — ^-^^5 daily wages. 

—•dt-fi. daily. —■ii^, _ssa a 

diary, day-book, chronicle. 

—e^ojor daily conduct. — a^ja 

5^0 daily. — ^refj the length 

of a day, a day in general ; 

the times. — so^ir® passing time. 

<y^-%ji>— the present time. 

—T^^Ji to spend time, to live. 
aNosl^a dinamprati, adv. Daily, 

every day. 
aFJ?^^ dinas^, sec 35^oJ- 

a^-s dina 


a^53-s dipa 

a?:D?j£)^dinaiiadina, s. A certain 

Qi^DVS dinala, ad-i'. Daily. 

aurs dibbana, s. A bridal party, 
a marriage procession. — cro 
g'o^o. aeo^rfy^S persons belong- 
ing to a marriage party. 
a23^ s;^ dibral^, i'^^ cSjkjs,^, 
a^v5^?=j^o3j dinnjisVayi, see ao 

asJJi)=5*' dimaky, -s-. Haughtiness, 
arrogance, pride, disdain. 

aOjei dimiti, s- A kind of stout, 
white cotton cloth, ribbed or 
figured ; dimity. 

a^jaSo dimidimi, s. Agility, 
dancing nimbly. 

aojjr , aOj diyya, dirra, adv. Sud- 
denly, at once; c/. z>^^. 

Ss;^ dilu, s. The mind, heart. 

a^, a^?o diva, divasa, ^6^' a?:;. 

a^"5)=3'6 divakare, ^. The sun. 

C^^D^^, £)S3^^ divani^, divane, ^. 
The minister or secretary of a 
native state. 2. an idiot, fool. 

£)S3^Dr;l divaratre, s. Day and 
night. (7(1:'. By day and night. 

£iS3s)doi^Sor3 divarohana, s. As- 

£)^D§ divali, s. Bankruptcy, 
2. see Qo^o^. —sS^sjtS a bank- 
rupt; a spendthrift. -£?L^, 
— £^^1 to become insolvent. 

£)^ divi, ^. Heaven, the sky. 

&Ce3 diviti, .yg6' sBe^T?. 

a^S) L^oci dividivimara, .y.The di- 
vidivi tree, CcBsalpina coriara. 

a^odivya,«2:^^'. Divine, celestial. 
2. beautiful, agreeable, excel- 
lent, supernatural. — ajp© 

excellent disposition. — 3=^ 7i 
.... '^ 

divine knowledge. — -rfojeiSr the 

Divine Being, God. —'^'^^ a 

rare gem. -^^quicksilver; 

ciLso 3jS3jo?j. — e?,^?^ heaven. 

-•rfprfo^an excellent substance; 

a holy being. 

SSDoad disantara, see 6^^o^. 

SSD^^ disatane, see tS^asyN. 

a^dise, ^. Direction, side, space, 
region ; c/. a^^, 6-^. 

a5l dishta, s. Fate, destiny, 

^h. disbti, see ^^l^. -7i)r3 glass 
beads out on the neck of 
an infant to ward off the 
effect of evil ej'es. 

aj^diseji". Fortune, luck. — ao^OjSi 
to be lucky, o3oz? _ good luck, 
3iatf— bad luck. 

a?e3r^ ditige, see s5?i3:^. 

L^-^^7^ dini^s^, see sIcScj. 

t}^^ dIna, (idj. Poor, indigent, 
needy, 2. modest, humble, 

a^fS dine, s. A poor i?/ weak 
man. 2. an humble man. 

a^si dipa, .y. A lamp ; a light. 
— ^^^ lighting lamps in a 
temple as an act of devo- 

a^s:iF^ dipana, s. Hunger. 

aes3^^, a^oOsJ^^dipali, dipavali, 
s. {lit. A row of lights), a 

a^5js) dipa 


cSootoj dumbu 

festival with nocturnal illu- 
minations in honour of a 

aesJD4^ dipavuni, c.v. {of ae?:^) 
To cause to place, keep, put, 

a^S3s)4'3^-?> dipavonuni, rejl. v. 
{of a?s:s4c^) To keep, etc. for 
one's self. 2. to keep a con- 
cubine, I'lg. 

ti^ly^ dipike, see £?-. 

a^^ dipti, s. Light, lustre. 2. 
fire. 3. a lamp kept burning 
near an idol. 

a^^Jj dipini (a?), v. a. To place, 
keep, put, reserve, lay by. 

a^ci. diya, see aai:^. 

a ^(5 dire, see ?)?-5. 

a^^j^r dlrgha, adj. Long. s. The 
long form of a vowel, the 
letter e. -e?oi>osi^ a long life. 
—Ti^r a prophet, seer. — ■efcxiiji 
death. — s^cB long sufi'eriug, 

a^^^'^rsS dirslle, .y. A superior 

kind of rice, 
a^sjli divati, see aSe^^. 
a^sj^ divali, see 053339. 

a?D, a^^ divi, divu, s. An island. 
— 3i 7<o:S the bread fruit, ^r/(9- 
carpus incisa. 

tjVu^ ot dikshanta, s. The fulfil- 
ment of a vow or austerities. 

a?# dikshe, i^. The initiatory 
ceremonv of a sacrifice, etc. 
2. a vow, resolve to accom- 
plish anything. 3. under- 

taking a service, austerities, 
etc. —t,^j^ to take a vow; 
to undertake any pious work. 
rfjo^o^ dunkuni, see dac^osi. 

Ojo2c dunci, s. Shag, nap, as of 
a cloth. — ^bj^^ to hem a 
garment. -e;50j» to become 
woolly or shaggy. 

uloosis;' duncel^, adj. Shaggy, 
woolly, as a cloth. 

djoiico dundu, adj. Round, globu- 
lar. —2^^ a kind of bracelet 
worn by females. — -rfos?:^ 
a kind of round jasmine, 
Jasminiim sambac. 

Cl)ojl dunde, see disctf. 

djcra dunna, s. Heaviness, adj. 

cioodo dundu, adj. Prodigal, 
wasteful. — ttoB^, —^-^ prodi- 
gality, waste. — t^tS a prodi- 
gal, squanderer. 

dooJiJtp dundubhi, s. The fifty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. a kettle-drum. 

cjoof^ dunna, sec csoor©. 

djOfSjScZ^ dunnonci, s. A kind 

of earring. 
Cl)0ol,oij.^ dumpiyuni (ni^cb), 

V. n. To stumble. 
dooZJA^ dumbagiji, «^e'. In future, 

next year ; cf. zi^ov^. j-g^-gt. 
doozo^ dumbatta. i?^''. First, at 

doo:S^^ dumbinani, a^^'. The 
day before, previous day. 

dooZJj dumbu, s. Front. 2. past 
time. 3. futurity, adv. In 

doosJJS dumma 



6^ duppa 

front. 2. early, beforehand. 

3. at first, in the beginning. 

4. formerly. 5. in future, 
hereafter; «/^<?rfJo2oK. — croo5o 
the first man, firstborn. — ^e 
2^^) to go in advance. ~lsd^ 
before and behind, front and 

I'^^i'- [sorrow. 

cl)osJj3^ dummana, s. Grief, 

dooo5j dumyi, s. The sound of 

a mosquito. 
doosJ, doo?o dumsa, dumsa, see 

do 3 duh, see ^E. 

dosaj duhkha, ^. Sorrow, grief, 
affliction. — tfjsbr^ to afflict, 
grieve, tease. —■^'^ok^ to 
mourn, lament. 

cSjsjDoJjo^ duhkhiyuni (rfosa)), 
7'. ??. To mourn, lament, n^sa) 
siiS&)5 ©Lr^ to sob, weep 

dos^^CTOf^ duhsakuna, s. A bad 

do^^FS" dukan^, s. A shop. 

C^"^. dukka, ad-c'. Suddenly, at 

once, quickly; c/. a^^. — ©5^0, 

o> to get up at once. 

djsj dukkha, see rfosa). 

dj/ifl, djA'srii dug^ane, dug-ga- 

ni; s. Two pie. 
djL' dutta, see ^ 



i:^:)^ dudi, s. The lip. 

dj^a, do^i dudita, dudite, 5-. 
Gain, acquisition. 2. proper- 
ty. — ■do^Ok ^^ ^^^ sliaorfoo^. 

douiojoj^, dja?jQidudiyuni,dudi- 

pini [^^^), V. a. To acquire, 

gain, earn, obtain. 
doc^jozoo^ dudumbuni (c^^oo^S), 

V. a. To drive. 
zii:i'd:i^:i^ z^zid'ici^i'^ duduku, du- 

dukutana, ^. Hurry, rashness. 

2. violence, injustice. 3. pride, 

dj^iO^s'j^ dudukuni (j:>otl3^), v.n. 

To be rash or hasty. 2, to 

be violent, haughty, v. a. To 

d^r^Js duduta, see rfoft^. 

djJ3^ y duddata, s. The game of 

l^:}Ui'f) t duddase, s. Covetousness. 

dj^^a duddu, J". A copper coin 
worth four pie. 2. copper 
coin in general. 3. money, 
cash. e?f3_, X^_ a thick 
copper coin that was current 
in former days. 

djCci^^ dunipuni (^f^), v. n. 
To struggle, strive, 2. to 
flutter, flap the wings in agi- 
tation, as a bird. 3. to bustle, 
be in a hurry. 

djrSsSo^ dunipel\j, adj. Strug- 
gling, striving, fluttering. 2. 

dor35S23 dunipele, s. A bustler, 


djra dunna, see ujcfva. 

zHi^it^i duttu, see ci)?ij . 

^:i'^ duppa, adv. Suddenly; 


dj 31^13, dj^eS duppati, duppate, 

s. A laced or other cloth 


cu duppe 


djrior durg-u 

loosely thrown over the body. 

2. a sheet, tablecloth, 
dos^ duppe, see ^^. 
CiJi>.DDS5* dubaraly, see si^ajs)^. 

c3j20c)'35' dubalak^i, adj. Twice 
distilled; double. 

dj23^D dubari, adj. Double. 2. 
needless, useless. — ^elr 
double (sr needless expense. 

3. see soeraj^. 

c3j2oD-.' dnbasi, s. An interpreter. 

2. a broker, agent, etc. 
ro?."5^?;»' dubrlly, 5-. Twice dis- 
tilled arrack. 
c5jdoo5J^ dumukuni (3i:)^o^), 

^. a. To jump down; to alight 

c3jdoo?oj dumusu 5-^^ Xo-doo;^. 
cSooJj^j* duyami;i, rt;//^'. Second- 

ai-y, subordinate. 2. middling, 

doD^ c^ja;^ dur, dus, Prefixes 

dcnoiiiig Bad, ill. Avicked. 

2. difficult. 3. inferior, vile. 
dodoh durang-i, -a-^". Differently 

coloured on both sides, as 

some cloths. 
rforfEp^oP^ durabhyasa, s. A bad 

habit or practice. 
dodojj duraya, see ^do. 
doD"3ty3c! duracara, s. A bad 

custom or usage. 2. wicked 

dJD^i^ duratme, ^. An evil spirit. 

2. a wicked man. 
c^0Di)53j5^2.T^ duralocane, i'. Wick- 
ed thoughts. 
CoJD^^ durase, j^. Covetousness. 

2. a vain <?;- forlorn hope, 
unattainable desire. 

CJoD:^ durita, s. Sin, transgres- 

doOoE3 duruji, see ao35f. 

rfjdoc^ duruda, see ^^. 

doCot^ durubi, adj. Inebriating. 
2. surfeiting. -o^i inebria- 
tion; surfeit. 

dodjzS^ durubini, see rfo£3r^. 

cl>c5o"ti^ti durubija, ^^f cJosSiera;. 

c5odo?jO durusu, i'^-s niJ^ior. 

dorfj?:jj^ durustu, .y. Repairs, im- 
provement, adj. Proper, well, 
right. --^^0^^ to repair, mend, 
put in order. 

djdo^durula, adj. Wicked. —^-^ 

CJjOoe? durule, s. A wicked man. 

ti:^j\T durga, s. A castle, hill-fort. 
2. see ciJ7\r. 

dj/iroq5 durgandha, s. A stench, 
fetid smell. 

dorit^'cj, do^rsj durgata, dur- 
ghata, adj. Difficult of attain- 
ment, insurmountable." — ^ 
crfor an object difficult to ac- 

cl)Mr>3 durgati, s. A bad destiny, 
misery. 2. hell. 

dorrsrejoio durgalaya, J". A temple 
of Durgi. 

doAr durgi, i". k name of Parvati. 
2. the name of a female. 

dortorra durguna, s. A bad dis- 
position or temper, corrupt 
nature, adj. Ill-natured. 

cjorir durge 


dJ<5^^ dushki 

rfj?^r durge, sec uloTxr. 

djzSr durci, j. A sheet of paper. 

2. see c3j3^r. 
rfjz:irrddurjana, s. Wicked people. 

djt3s)r«li durjati, s. A disreput- 
able caste. 
doSoF durji, see Aoc-Sr. 2. ^£:^ cSjs^r. 

dOc;jro^ durjiliji, .y^'^ cjs^r. 

JJJC^F^ durdase, ^. Misfortune, 

c^of^rdi durnadate, s. Bad con- 

dJc^F^ durnudi, s. A bad word. 

dozore; durbala, i". Weakness, 
impotency. adj. Weak, im- 
potent; helpless. 

Tii^t^T'^ durbini^ s. A telescope. 

dozii^rz^ durbija, s. lit. A bad 

seed. adj. Of bad family, of 

disreputable descent. 

cSosojFa durbuddhi, s. A wicked 
mind, bad disposition. 2. folly, 

want of sense. 
T^'iJ!iSi^Ti^-^ durbodhane, 5-. Bad 

X^::>'S^'F'^ durbhikshe, .y. Scarcity, 

J^j^JOFvl durmati, s. The fifty-fifth 

year of the Hindu cycle of 

sixty. 2. an evil mind. 
cSosJjFf^?;* durmanasu, s. A bad 


rfosJjFdra durmarana, s. An un- 
timely death, death by acci- 

ciosJJ3F?iF durinarga, s. Wicked- 
ness, vice. 

dj DjfI durmitre, .v. A bad friend. 

dosJjJFSJ durmukha, s. An angry 

CjJSjJOFiD durmukhi, s. The thir- 
tieth year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 

;:joo3js(;fc1^ duryodane, s. The 
elder of the Kuru princes. 

lii^^^'FZ^ durlabha, adj. Difficult 
of attainment, scarce, rare. 

rfoSi)FsF durvarte, i". Bad news. 

Cjosdf?^^^ durvasane, s. A stink, 

Cjj^^oFcdj durvyaya, see rfo^rocio. 

dos^oF;^(d durvyasana, i". A bad 

habit, evil practice. 
tjj^FOJj durvraya, s. A useless 

expense, squandering, waste. 

T^-:^'^:^'F dursu, s. Rockets; also 
rfjTJoreosr®. l.see'^^'^^'^ • — soo 
c^S) to fire rockets. 

t>:i^Sh a dullodi, s. A kind of 

dosra,^ dusmane, s. An enemy, 
opponent. uioas^si/? enmity, . 

Coj4^2-) dussila, s. A bad dispo- 
sition or practice. 

do^s^OF dushkarma, s. An evil 
deed, crime, sin. rfj5:A^aor a 
wicked man. 

dj^,^dushkale, s. A great thief. 

djss"^,^ dushkala, 

s. An evil 
2. famine, scarcity. 

do<?a,i°.BF dushkirti, s. Infamy, 
bad name. 


cjj^. dusta 


dJSdj duru 


CJJ?i „€ 

CJjSi, dushta, adj. Bad, wicked, 
depraved. 2. low, vile. — aoo©, 
— spisTi a bad disposition. —■^t> 
wickedness, depravity. — soo 
a an evil mind; a minister 
so called. — -rfrsAr wicked 
conduct, — ■^A a wild beast, 
mischievous animal. 

cij^ dushte, s. A wicked or bad 

dustara, ««^', Difficult, 
trying, hard. 

_ dustale, s. An unhappy 
man; a bad man, 

ti:iT^^ dustu, ^. A suit of clothes. 

rfo:^2pi)d dusvabhEva, s. An evil 
disposition, ill-nature. 

rfji^cfi dussang-a, ^. Bad compa- 
ny or intercourse: evil com- 

dJSceJ dunta, see ajscu. 

ziJicd dunde, see dxoi^. 

ciJ^o^J, rfJSozSs;^ dumber dumbely, 

see riaoeoo. 
rfJSz2 duji, ^. A needle, pin. 

—"^6 a magnet. — ■rf:>'d the 

tinian pine. 
rSJSr^o^ duduni, see njs^j^. 

rfj53 duti, s. A pimp, procuress. 

2. a female messenger. 
CjJti^ dute, s. A messenger, spy. 

i?^5— an angel, oio^l)— the 

messenger of death. 
z!iJi)ti:i dudu, see dtjz^. 2. .y^e ^jbtjo. 
uijssi, rfJSsJFj dupa, dupana, ^^^ 

rfJ3s5 dupe, 5. Food laid out for 

the dead; a mound marking 
the burial place of a Sudra. 
2. a temporary shed, covered 
with awnings, for offering 
oblations to the manes of 
deceased Sudra. — ti ^ct^ a 
field in which such a mound 
or shed has been raised. — 3i 
Fio5^ oblations of boiled rice 
offered to the manes of a 
deceased Siidra. — K ^:)^o. -"ito 
prepare such food. — K^i^^o^ 
to serve such food; to serve 
a person with a large quanti- 
ty of food. 

rfJSilN dubina, s. A comb. 

tiJh^ dura, s. Distance, adj. 
Distant, remote. s1«-5jsao_ 
very far. — crooSo a low-caste 
man ; a man come from a 
distance. — crof a female in 
her menses; a low-caste wo- 
man. —:^)^ foresight ; long- 
sighted. —-di^t^F^ —risa a long 
way. -txo^?i to stand at a 
distance. — ^^?t?j to go far, 
move further. — 20js-cfo^ to 
be deferred, delayed. — ^^Js> 
?> to separate ; to shun. 

ciJSD-sy durata, s. Aspersing, 
calumniating ; complaining. 

tiSi)t:i duru, s. Aspersion, blame, 
reproach. 2- a complaint. 
—=§jdhr?i. —tjt^^ to complain. 
—sstiO^ to accuse, blame, 

dJ3do?;^o3j durunaye, s. An ac- 
cuser, censurer, complainant. 

cJJSdo duru 


jS'CT) dekka 

dJStfo^ duruni (^B), v. a. To 
accuse, complain ; to blame, 
reproach, censure. 

c5j36s3 durele, see nJjs^ofraoSo. 

jJJS^F^f^ durtatana, s. Crafti- 
dJSir durte, s. A deceiver. 

CJJS^^CT dushake, s. A blasphem- 

dJSSifl dushane, ^. Cursing. 2. 
censure, reproach. ^?^- blas- 

dJS&.^^) dushipuni (s^js^), v. a. 
To blaspheme. 2. to blame, 
censure, reproach. 

c5j3?oo dusu, s. Fine powder; 
cf. nijs;^^. 

rfJS?oO^ dusuni (rfj^oJ), v. a. To 
spill, sprinkle. 

ci/3?d£3* diisel^, ^. Powder, dust. 
adj. Powdered, dusty. 

rJJ3§ duli, see t^j^^x 2. a dis- 
picable person. 3. a high num- 
ber. — -i', — ^^ unreliable. 

dJS^j dulu, see t^^^o. 

z!>v^^ drukij, s. The eye. 2. sight, 

cls^ dr^dha, .?. Firmness, sta- 
bility. 2. certainty. ^^//'. Firm, 
stable, -o^ firmness; truth- 
fulness. —Ti:i^o^?^ to affirm, 
declare; to fix, make certain. 

C^^^^drs drijidhikarana, s. Con- 

^nsI drijishta, adj. Visible, appa- 

c3x^o^ dr^jshtantaj s. An ex- 

ample, illustration, evidence. 
—'iji.hF^ to exemplify, illus- 

^^hi '^^V^^t'ij ^- Sight, seeing. 

2. an eye. 
cSoA* deng^, i". A hiding place. 
doAe)^^ dengavuni, c. v. {of^o 

Ao^) To cause to be hidden, 

concealed; hide, conceal, 
dorio^ denguni (cSoK), v. n. To 

be hidden, concealed, lie in 

€jof\^5 dengele, i". One who hides, 

a refugee. 
dc25 denji, s. A crab. — ecro^ an 

abscess between the thumb 

and the forefinger, ^i^e^— , 

•;i:)0^0i'rfj_, ^o^ — , z53>)r"d— , are 
some of the species of crab. 

ctodS denjeli, s. A kind of um- 
brella made of palm leaves. 

cSoej* dent^, see rfol3. 

do?iCc) dennana, see -^i^irl^. 

do 200 dembu, see i^jsoeoo. 

do 23 23* dembelij, see jSjscsS^. 

d^£jo,?i dekkattuni (-^^s3,), t'. ^. 
To shuifle, £?;>' move in a slo- 
venly manner, as a person in 
a tight dress or when the foot 
is entangled in anything. 

d=^^ dekkatti, s. A kind of nut- 
cracker used for cutting the 
areca-nut into pieces. 

d^o3j dekkayi, s. The betrothal 
badge. — ^wj^^itoputthesame 
on the person of a bride. 


d'd, dekka 


j3?d dev^ 

c3^6, j3=a|,o*, ds^do dekkare, 
dekkarijL, dekkaru, s. The space 
between the legs, when they 
are apart. adz'. Between 
the legs. 

d=5D,'d dekkaji, s. A kind of 

d^' dekkane, adv. Tightly, 

c35"5,5^?i dekkavuni, c. v. (of t 
^-:>jc") To cause to wash. 

Cj-S\ dekki, i". Space, room, place. 

cS=3'vX ^ dekkuni (^^a), v. a. To wash 
(anything except clothes), 
lave, cleanse. 

d^j^s;^o dekkulu, see j2-&itro^o^o. 

d^o'o,© dekkuli, ^. Irregular 

teeth, projecting teeth, 
d^ dekke, see ^^sc^. 

ci'73^,s^^ deppavuni, c. v. (<?/'^4vn) 

To cause to take. 
Cj3^ deppu, i-^t: tt^. 2. .9^^ 

da^^ deppuni {^), -v.a. To take, 
receive; cf. '^4\^- j3S S 3:3 
rio^ to abolish, take away, put 
aside; to pull out; to remove, 

c323, debbe, see ^t2. 

c3o;^o-. deyya, ^^^ iSj^aio. 2. see ^l-d. 

zSo^od deyiva, ^^<? ^^j^^. 
ddorioSo derangayi, see /^v?5too3o. 
d^F^ derpuni (i^o), v. a. To 

lift, raise. 
c34 devva, ^. A demon, evil 


d^, d?5 dele, dese, .y. Condition, 
state. 2. fortune, luck. 

t^txii^ deseddi^, post p. From, by, 
on account of, for. 

cS^-o- deki, s. Nicety. 2. manage- 
ment or foresight, adj. Nice, 

s3?A* degu, see trooSo. 

d^ti deja, see M^t. 

d^zf debe, s. A quarrelsome 

jS^cseJ derata, s. Driving. 

d^rfo^i deruni (-e5), v. a. To 
drive, drive awav. 

d^s; dela, s. A small temple. 
2. God. — Aoct3 the idol's 
apartment in a temple. z^-Si 
;5^/§j33oSo ^oe; s^jsiio^ a man, 
bereft of his child blasphemes 
against God. 

zSee^oiJSeJj, delantottu, s. A 

.so • • ' 

Brahmin's house. 

delapuda, ^. A temple pigeon. 
d^d deva see ^ecc. 2. the male 

d^^oCj devanda, adj. Pertaining 

to temples. —43?^^^ a small 

kind of tiles. 
d^So^ devaki, s. Kr^zshna's 

d^drlrs devagana, s. The race 

of gods, 
d^^a^, d^^a?^ devadike, de- 

vadige, s. One of the caste of 

d?d3t)E^rN devatarcane, s. Wor- 
ship of a god. 

cS^s^ deva 


d^^D desa 

zS^di devate, ^. A demi-god. 
d?s34 devatva, s. Divinity; 

d^sjcoig devadatta, adj. Given 

by God. 
j3?5JC3i)C^, d^dcja>(3devadar\j, de- 

vadare, ^. A cedar. 
d^s^dJSl devadute, s. An angel. 

d^d^A^So devadroha, s. Aposta- 

cy, heresy. 
d^s^^sjj devanama, s. The 

name of God, [phemy. 

d^sJ^ocS devaninde, s. Blas- 

d^sjs^^ devapuje, s. Adoration 
of God, divine worship. 

d^dslvl^ devapratishthe, s. The 
consecration of an idol. 

cS^deo'sd devabare, s. A superior 
kind of plantains. [votion. 

d^^^J^-o;^^ devabhakti, s. Piety, de- 

c3^s:^2^f3 devabhakte, s. A pious 

man, a devotee. 
z3^drfjoC3i)d devamandara, s. A 

kind of flower. 
d5si;J3«)rir devamarga, s. God's 

ways. 2. pious behaviour. 
d^s^cJorldevaranga, s. The centre 

of a temple. 
d^dDseE devaraje, .s-. Indra. 
d^s^eSja??* devaloka, s. Heaven. 
.c3?SJej»n devalya, see c3e;33e;ocio. 

Co^d?^ devasa, s. Temple-lands 

or property. 
d5Sj7:isJodo?i devasamaranga, s. 

Presence; God's presence. 
^^d^^dosJFcl devasamarpane, s. 

Offering to God. 

d^d?;}!) (d devasthana, s. A temple. 
d^53'Sori devanga, s. A Lingayat 

class of weavers. 2. an ape. 

—ddoSj one of the weaver 


d^S3D^^?^ devadhlna, s. Death. 
adv. In God's disposal. —^ 
?-^^i to die. 

d ^ SD D^ 4^ ^ devaradhane, s. Divine 

di^Sj'Sis^cdjdevalaya, s. A church; 

a temple. 
d^D devi, ^. A goddess. 2. Par- 

vati. 3. a queen. -^tS the 

Sakti worship. 

d^^O, d^SajQ deviri, devari, s. 
A Brahmin's dress. 

d^^D^ deveri^, s. God. 2. an 
honorific title, applied to 
persons of rank. cSe^^ sDodor 
a sacred work or undertaking. 

d^^j^od devendre, s. Indra. 

d^sJ desa, s. A country, land, 
territory, district, region. — :^? 
a one who has left his 
country, an exile. ~§oXor?i 
to travel. 

d?^2p"5)^ desabhashe, s. The 
language of a country. 

d^^2o,3^, desabhrashta, s. Trans- 
it &j 
portation, expatriation. 

dP2!?5 desasthe, s. A native, 
inhabitant. 2. a class of 
Brahmins. [country. 

dps^o:^, desantra, s. A foreign 

dPSDovB desantri, s. A foreigner; 
a traveller. 

c3^3e) dels 


dJS 0=5^0 doiiku 

d^5^::F3u desacara, s. The custom 
of a country, local usage. 

d^s^liFi desatana, s. Travels; 

d^3i)^^^a, cS^ssii^sIa desadhi- 

kari, desadhipati, s. A sovereign 

cS^SDO^ desayi, s. A chief man 

among the Lingajats. 
d^SD^d, j5esi!^"3u desavara, de- 

savara, adj. Foreign, exotic. 

s. A present, gift, alms. 
d^i dele, see it. 

j^^^r. delya, adj. Local, of or 
belonging to a country, -zp-f... 
see wo^ep^j;:^,. 

c3^cd deha, s. The body. — 3ioz5?? 
corporal punishment, pe- 
nance, mortification. 

c3?So dehi, adj. Having a body, 

:3a dei, ^- ^ plant, young tree. 

d-iO^ deindi, j". The name of a 

tree. 2. a staff, stick. 

c3,od deinde, i"^^ a-^?- 
t» ■ • 

dicd deinde, see ziz^r:. 

:^3q, d-ii-; deitya, deitye, s. A 
titan, demon, giant. — ^'zSor 
a giant's deed; ,a wicked act. 

c3>^, cSi^J- deina, deinya, i'. Mean- ' 
ness, humility, servility. 2. 
poverty, adj. Mean, humble, 
lowly. 2. cringing, servile. 
— eps^ humble disposition. 

^^^ deipuni, see -j^^^fj. 

ciccJj deiya, .y^e i^^. ~^^.-R a 
gift cr offering to demons. ; 

— zix>!is^ treasure devoted to a 

djOiJorii deiyankade, adv. To- 
wards god or a demon, s. An 
inclosure of an idol. 2. the 
name of a village. 

c3-,oi:i6 deiyare, s. The name of 
a demon. 

diCi.F, rf w- deirya, ^^^ ^dcijr. 

d^i^i deiva, ^. A deity; God. 2. 
an evil spirit, a demon. 3. 
destiny, fate. adj. Divine, ce- 
lestial. — -g)^^ — ®c©j a divine 
act. —^^^5 — Tjog'ek divine 
origin, God's will. — "^^^ 
ordained by God. — a3, —cdosk, 
— cijsoX fate, God's decree. 
_Aor« divine nature. — ^y^, 
—Tio-^n^ God's help, —z^^ 
divine strength. — -rfooso the 
face of God; divine grace. 

d,ST3£)?;^ deivadhina, ad/. Sub- 
ject to God's will. s. Fate, 
God's decree; death. 

^^^^"^ deivlka, adj. Divine. 

d^ToJ^ deisuni, see ■ilT^^. 2. see 

CjJ3o^ donka, ^^^ Bjso^. 

t5J3o=3' donka, «^'. Tall. — ao^^s^ 

to grow tall. 
dj'Sc^DJj,^ donkavuni, c. v. [of 

£j3o5^os>) To cause to tread, 

dJlc^DPv* donkasij, seejS^d^. 

dJS 0=3^0^ donkuni (-;sc^), r. «. 
To tread, trample. -sj^^ — 
a Pariah woman to become 
pubescent, vlg. 

djao=^ donke 


dJ3=^ dokke 

dJ2o^, c3jSo=^2:* donke^ doukelij, 
see jSjbo^. 

c3j3o^2;^ donkelvi, ^. What has 

been trodden, adj. Trodden, 

dJSorJj^ donguni, see rfcAO^. 
tjJSoeS donte, see d®eo63. 
djSo^ dondi, see tiooxio. 
dJSod donde, s. The throat. 

_^^4^ (/?V. to wet the throat) 

to drink, allaj thirst. 
CoJSors donna, s. Self-confidence. 

— T^s:? a man carrying a club; 

a self-confident man. 
cSjScrssS donnappe, s. A self- 

confident or conceited man. 
cSj5crl donne, s. A cudgel, club, 

lijSoCjiS^ dondappe, ^\ A com- 

dJSoS dondi, s. A small torch 

made of a rag. 

dj5cdj dondu, s. A couple, pair. 
2. see d-^cdsSs. 

dJ2o:!;^Q dondepuri, see i^^od^b 

under Sjsio6. 
CoJSo^ donne, i^. A cup made of 

plantain leaves, ek. — ^uj^s 

to make such a cup. 
dJSosi dompa, ^. Apandal, shed, 

temporary covering of matted 

palm leaves, efc. ; c/. ^^^'^- 2. 

a frame-work of bamboos, eU. 

erected for training a creeper. 

— rf esaiiS Cynamopsis psora- 

loides, a kind of bean. -3i 20e3 

the annual festival of a demon 

celebrated under a pandal. 
—rf 20j3"do the succulent creeper 
purslane, Basella rubra; of. 

dJSo^o:Joo^ dompiyuni (J^jscb), 
V. n. To stumble. 

z^JSotS dombi, s. A mob, rabble. 
2. a riot, uproar. — tto^ a 
rioter, turbulent man. 

CoJS'ozojdombu, s. Sunshine, heat 
of the sun. — ^o^^j^ mirage. 
— ?9d4^ the heat to decrease. 
— AJ sjstl)?) to expose to the 
sun. — 20j5-djS) the sun to 
shine. — qob^^o^ the sun to 
strike, ^tli— very hot. ^?i5— 
the morning sun. ^cdJo— , the 
evening sun. ^?>— twilight. 

zSjJowoa dombudi, ^^^ Ar>o€>^. 

dJSosS dombe, i". A tumbler, 
rope-dancer. — ^sW tumbling, 
rope-dancing. — ^ t^'-^fj a 
female tumbler. 

dJ3o22s3«, dJSozSJSO dombelij, 
domboli, 3". A chap, cleft in 
the surface of the earth. 

dJ3o^o6 dommare, see c3;soe3. 

cSj3o?o domsa, see r^^oTi. 

dJ5-^^=^o°^o, dJa^s'-x^J dokkina- 
kulu, dokkulu, s. A mode of 
addressing high caste people 
by Pariahs. 

c3j5=^ dokke, s. Breath; breath- 
ing. — eyb^, —g'jaTSj?), _20lbr?> 
.—t> ^h^ to revive. _ SSodoo^, 
—oj^-do^) to cease to breathe; 
to expire. — ^^3'0i^), — ^eS^S) to 

sSjsrI dog-ga 



cSjsO dori 


djsr!^;^ dog-galiji, s 

— sTOTii^, — 20js-do?) to kneel. 
dJ^iii^i dogg-u, adj. Kneeling. 

~7j<sjt>o III. saluting on one's 

knees; submission, yielding. 

—Ti^o s:?:!:^ to submit, yield. 
z3j3r{j?:) dog-guni (--«^,), "'• ?2. To 

dJi)Ap€i t.6 dog-goli padpe, j-. 

A short kind of the vegetable 

Amarantus oleraceus. 2. the 

dJStdO^ dojjalu, s. Uncleanli- 

ness ; rubbish. 
rSjSZdJ ^ dojjuni (^^js^), v. n. To 

stammer; to hesitate. 
djS2§ dojje, s. A stammerer, 
dJ5^. dotte, see nijrf . 

dJ9J«^°' dodak^, adj. Perplexed, 
confused. 2. broken, damaged. 

dJ3(i dode, s. A greedy man; 
cf. il.Drfo. 2. .y^^ i5j3?t§. 3. .96'^ 
eozS. _;^;i greediness. 

iSjsd dodda, «<^'. Great, large. 

dJS^orl doddanne, ^. An elder 

dJ33so3 doddanti, s. Birthday. 

r3j3L3 r2cj-3o3j doddanadaye, s. A 
powerful man. 

gSj, ii^jSc^ o2j doddappaye, 
doddaye, ^. A father's elder 

ZojaUi 6 doddare, 

i3^^e3, cSjScI doddale, dodle, i". 
' A wild orange, 



'di^'d \A doddastige, s. Great- 
loftiness. 2. 


power. 3. ostentation 
dJ3c^j doddu, see rfoz^o 


2. .y^^ 

dJ3cl dodde, see rftS . 
o • • <^ 

dJ5cls3^ donel^, s. A club. 
djsrs donna, i"^^ i3j3or©. 
dJ3c3 dodde, ^^^ /^is^- 
dJSjSo* donel^;, i'^^ c2j3?56. 
dJSs5, doppe, i-. A kind of ^ 
c3j32J30 dobari, see nijaroQ. 
dJ3A dobbi, see t^eS.. 
dxaoo. dobbu, s. Pushing, shov' 

?^ To 

djsz^^o^^ dobbuni C^-®^), 
push, shove, put off. 
dJ3DoS* dorank^, .y*?^ sS^'dF. 
dJSdo^o^ dorankuni, J^e^ dfj.-ds'o^). 
dxdoA* dorang'^, see cSjs-dK. 

cjj3doci^f^, dJSdojSjsSr^ do- 
randalige, dorandolige, s. Self- 
praise, egotism, elation. 

dJSd^^s^^ dorakavuni, c v. {of 
djs-ds'o^) To cause to obtain; 
to procure. 

dJSd^j^ dorakuni (cifdF), "v.n. 
& c. dat. To be got, obtained, 
procured, found. 

djarf=CT dorake, see ^^"d^. 

dwQdA^ dorag-y, adj. Coarse, 

dJSd?^ dorast^, see rfo-:^o?io^. 

dJSQ dori, «^'. Poured, as corn, 

elc.'^ cf. cS^s&ajoo^. 
(3j3D?jD5^^i doripavuni, <r. z'. (^ 

As&^S)) To cause to flow down, 



cSjsa dori 


CoJS^dJ dodu 

run onty or run over as corn, 

c3J30^;i doripuni (^jsQ), v. a. 
To shoot out as corn, etc., 
from a sack or bundle. 

dxOo:5oo^ doriyuni (:3j35), v. n. 
To flow down, run out, or 
run over as corn, £'/t\, from 
a sack or bundle. 2. to 
fall, as rain, to shower. 3. to 
feel a limb heavy. 

cSj56 dore, see ^'^^ 

dJSe^F, c3J5z3ro^ dorji, dorjilij, ^. 
A kind of rafter. 

cvjalre:^ dorteliji, adj. Partially 
empty or loose, as a bundle 
of rice. 

tiS)'^?^, CoJSZooF^ dorpuni, dor- 
buni, see B^sD^^. 

dJ3 5^0=3*0^ dalankuni (dvsc^o^), 
V. a. To relax, loosen. 

dJ5e)3 dollu, adj. Useless, un- 
co -^ 

profitable, vain. 2. empty, 
void. 3. see cljss;*^,. 
i3vJ3s3 dolle, s. Saliva, spittle. 
—^5^-6^?^ to cough hard. 

zSjs^ooS j3j3^oo^o dolaiik^, do- 

lunku, adj. Loose, lax. s. 

Looseness ; also wjs^oc^fS. 

— ^I3x^ to tie loose ; to 

cSjSs;*oo=aJ^ dolunkuni (:3jss;'oo^), 

7'. 7Z. To be loose, lax; be 

^JSs? dole, see ^&^. 
dJS«;*Ok ^1 dolpuni, see t^^:K^^. 2. 

dJ3^o, dollu, ^^^^ ^^^"^i- 
c3j3^ dolle, .y^^ ^S^s^- 
dx^o^^::^ dontasij, s. A tall 

man ; cj. cSjs^oS. 
dJ3?oe3 donti, ^. A long pole 

with a hook to pluck fruit. 
dJS^o^donte, 5. Tallness, length. 

2. a tall man. adj. Tall, long. 

-^5 long legs. -4^ a long 

cSJS^orf^ dondala, sec f^^ori^^S.. 

c3j5^=ctj doku, see t^jss^o. 

dJS^rl doga, s. Crawling. 

dJ3?rlj^ dog'uni (^js?^), v. a. To 
crawl on hands and knees or 
in a sitting posture. 2. to 
grub up grass. 

dJJ^ei data, ^6^ ^JseW- 

c3j3^^ dote, 5^^ t3j3?ca. 

j3JS(»dcl dodane, j". Furniture, ^/i;. 

z3J3^aoJ0J^ dodiyuni (^js?^), ■z;.7z. 
To arrange. 2. to collect, 
gather, provide, store; cf. rfo 

cSi?.^^ dode, J. A talkative 

dJS^r^ doni, i'. A boat. 2. a 
spirited i?^ quarrelsome wo- 

dJ2^rl done, see &s>o^. 

dJSe^ dotra, ^. A Hindu's lower 
garment, the cloth wrapped 
round the loins. — c^ ^c23 the 
colored borders of such a 

dJS-ecoj dodu, adj. Thin, watery. 
I.see &!jj>2S. 

cSjs^cS dode 


ZT?>M draksha 

cSjs^^s;^ dodely, s. Thinness. 

dJSr^^ dobi, s. A washerman. 

dJS^d dora, see ct;^^. 

jSj;^ci=5' doraka, see cro^-d^. 

rSjs^dfl dorane, see ^jzf^^ 

dJSeO dori, ^. A rope. 

c3j?e6 dore, ^. A kind of gold 
bracelet. 2. the thread used 
for fastening a knife to 
the legs of a cock in cock- 

dJS^6^DOio dorekayi, s. A ripe 

cSJS^rlFc^ dorganda, see sioAry. 

dJS^ejo^, cjJS^sjriciS dolante, do- 
lagante, ^. A drum and bell, 

z3j3?0 doli, see ^-ses^. 

cSJS^e^o dolu, s. A drum. -200^ 
a pot-belly. -^ ^^ the hollow 
cylinder or hemisphere of a 

cSJSr=2 dole, ^. A man with a pot- 

dJJ.^^, c3ji=^ dosha, dosa, s. 
Fault, defect, blemish. 2. sin, 
offence, crime. 3. error, mis- 
take. — ^cos a man of unble- 
mished character. 

c5JSe?5 dose, s. A cake of rice 

z3jJe2^ dosti, s. Friendship, inti- 
macy. 2. a friend. 

dJ?^S"i; dola, s. Desire. 2. the 
lin plant. 

dJi^'S d5Ii, see wj^???. 

dJSr^^ dolu, i-^^ dee'yo. 

zSJie^ dolki, .y. A small drum. 

cj^oa) dou'isa, .y^^ ^^^x, 

d^do doudu, .y. A gallop. 2. a 

quick motion. 3. arrogance. 

4. speed, haste. cfSzsDcfaa 

great haste. 
d^[| doude, s. The jaw, cheek. 

_K "^jihrrj to slap the cheek. 
d^^ douta, <y. Loss, destruction. 

—Ti:>^\^j to destroy. 

Co^a douti, s. An ink-stand. 

d^::rcr>, D^^;oh dourangi, dou- 
langi, s. A long coat 

d^us'', d^sjJ^sj doulatu, doulo- 
tu, s. Rule, government. •'> 
pomp, ostentation, 

c^^jjj doulu, see zf3£>o. 

d^;3 douve, «t^'. Toothless. 

ri.^jzi dravida, see csj.Sc5. 

dravya, ^. Wealth, proper- 
ty, substance. 2. elementary 
substance, namely: earth, 
water, fire, air, ether, time, 
space, soul, intellect. 

rf^S's-^ dravyase, s. Love of 
gold, avarice. 

ui)^tsd dravida, adj. Dravidian 
or Tamil. — f ?^ properly the 
country from Madras to Cape 
Comorin. —'s^sj^r© a Brahmin, 
native of the South of the 
Vindya mountains. — eps^one 
of the Dravidian languages. 

cr5,=CT, C3^,=# draksha, drakshe, s. 
Grapes. —tx-i\i a vineyard. 
— 2Cjs-dj the grape vine. —'^'^ 

d^^3Q droha 



qid dhara 

zSj^s^So droha, i'. Treason, treach- 
ery, rebellion, revolt. ^^^^^ 
apostasy. ;d3^.so_ treason. 
cjjsjeSo an apostate, traitor, 

d,od dvandva, i". A couple, pair. 

"^ 2. strife, dispute. — cdoorf 
single combat. — ^^re?rf a form 
of grammatical combination 
of words. 

C3jj,d dvara, s. A door. — ^, — era 
*c;t? a doorkeeper. 

cs^C^g'dvaraka, i'. The city where 
Krushna, reigned. 

a dvi, adj. Two 

atd dvija, adj. Twice born. 
s. The oviparous class of 
animals, as birds, snakes, 
fish, efc, which are first born 
in the shell or egg and then 
produced from it. 



q5 dha, The thirty-second letter 

of the alphabet, 
qi^ dhakka, see 3i3|j. --^^^ 

a peremptory demand. 
dtv, dhakke, see Ti€^. 


qisi dhade, sec :ii:§. 2. see ^'S. 
qic^ dhani, see chS). 
qJcl dhane, see ^n. 

qJc^ dhana, i". Riches, wealth, 
property. —tjB, :^^r;>t>Si Ku- 
bera; a wealthy person. — ^o 
^ a rich man. 

^t3j)^ dvijati, s. One of the 

"""twice born castes. 

a^ dvije, ^. A Brahmin, whose 
investiture with the sacred 
thread is supposed to con- 
stitute a second birth. 

a,>B^OJJ dvitiya, adj. Second. 

'^—^2^^ the accusative case. 

a,3:!cS dvipade, s. A metrical 

'"composition in couplets. 

a,S3ii£) dvipadi, s. A biped. 

asis^c^ dvivacana, s. The dual 

number, gram. 
D,^q^ dvividha, adj. Twofold. 
a^3j dvipa, .^. An island. 

d,^3^ dvesha, s. Hatred, enmity. 
*^ _^s;<o^a to hate, detest, 
d,)^^ dveita, s. Dualism. — -rfo^ 
*"' a sect that regards God and 

matter as distinct, ^^i^^ on© 
of this sect. 


q^^ dhani, s. A proprietor 
master, lord. 2. a wealthy 
man. 3. see 4^?^- 

q5^=^ dhanike, s. A wealthy 

d?^j. rf^j?o:>, dhanu, dhanussu, s. 
A bow. 2. the ninth solar 
month. — tra§) the sign Sagit- 
tarius. v?jOL?Dr5 an archer. 

qi^v::^qij^3* dham^dhum^, i'^-? ?» 

qic! dhara, .y^^ s^- 

d3 dhara 


ZTsd dhare 

qJdr^* dharan^, s. An old coin 
equivalent to one Rupee. 

qSdrs dharana, see :;^^A. 

qjdr^, ^55, !;j5dliarani, dharitri, 
dhare, s. The earth. v^rf^iS a 

qSS^o^, q5Q|j5r?o^ dharisuni, 
dharitonuni (yS), r. a. To 
wear, dress, put on, assume a 
form. 2. to retain in mind, 
hold, ^ri^od— to become in- 
carnate. 7<s^F— to become 
pregnant. ^"^^— to be silent. 

^d.r dharma, s. Justice. 2. 
charity, liberality. 3. duty, 
obligation, -i. usage, practice. 
5. fitness, propriety. 6. vir- 
tue, merit. — vd^ a wedding 
in which the bridegroom in- 
curs no expense. ~^^^ a 
wedded wife. — ^--5o the 
oldest of the Pandu princes ; 
Yama. — s^^^, a code of laws. 
-"^jihrr., _75js?os^^'j to give alms, 
—•do^o^a to do justice. 

z^dj^r^ijzS dharmanuje, ^. A 
charitable man. 

qi^osrgr, qJsjJDrqJr dharmarta, 
dharmartha, adj. Gratuitous, 
charitable, free. vdj^rg^r 
S, i^j^ijsrijsrAJ gratuitously, 
freely, gratis. 

qi^jtiFc^j^or dharmidharma, s. 
Plight and wrong. [judge. 

^s^jrar^^oDOdharmadhikari, s. A 

d^jr, d^jr^ dharmi, dharmi- 
shthe, ^. A charitable or liber- 
al man. 

qSs:^ dhavala, adj. White, fair. 
—•rfjir white colour. 

qio-j^ dhavali, .?. A white cow. 

933^, 9Dso dhat^, dhatu, s. The 
pulse. 2. any constituent 
part of the body, as flesh, 
blood, cfc. 3. a primary or 
elementary substance, as 
earth, air, efc. 4. the proper- 
ty of a primary element, as 
odour, colour, cfc. 5. a gram- 
matical root. 6. a fossil or 
mineral. 7. the tenth year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
— ^^ spermatorrhoea, cmis- 
sio seminis. — ^?a. full pulse; 

i^ra^o dhanya, s. Grain, corn in 




Prodigality, dissipation. 2. 
the noise of a drum or a 
qrad dhara, see ^"d- 

CTsrffl dhaiane, s. Price, charge. 
2. holding, having, maintain- 
ing, wearing. 3. keeping the 
mind collected, breath sus- 
pended, and all natural wants 

qjDCDdso dharadatta, adj. Given 
bypouring water on the hand. 
—■do^okri to give by pouring 
water on the hand. 

cjdO dhare, s. Sharpness, as of 
a knife, efc. 2. the stream of 
a jet of water poured. 3. a 
wedding ceremony, -t;^^ 

zpD^ dhava 


j^^cx^jr dheirya 

to pour Wcater eic. in a 
stream. ~-Soi^?:> to solemnise 
a wedding by pouring water 
on the hands of the bride 
and bridegroom. 

^dvl dhavati, s. Thirst, desire, 
ardour, heat, hotness. 

^^ dhavu, s. Heat, warmth. 

2. purse-pride, pride of wealth. 

3. being care-worn from ex- 
cessive love of money. 

zp)^ dhave, see as^. 

p?^o3, ^^^03 dhlmati, dhimate, 
s. A wise or intelligent man. 

ped dhlra, adj. Brave. 2. firm, 
steady. — ^^bravery, boldness, 

^^6 dhire, s. A hero. 

qij^^ , dhukkiji, see ^%- 2. see 

Z^^t^ dliuttu, adj. Reproached, 
reviled. 2. abandoned, de- 

Zf)^"^ dhuni, s. A river. 

^Jtjo do 200 dhubudubu, i'^?^ tl320o ^. 

q5od dhura, s. War. 

^odoqiC dhurandhara, adj. Pow- 
erful, able, ijio-dc:;;:? a strong 
or powerful man. 

qJoO, qioS€ dhuri, dhurike, s. A 

qJoD^rs dhurina, s. A bad disposi- 
tion or mind. 

^orfo dhuru, s. A yoke. 

qSo^-, dhukshu, -2^'. Elevated. 

Z^Jv^ dhupa, s. Incense. — rf ^ej?j, 
_2oy^^ a censer. -3i -do^ the 

dammer tree Valeria indica ; 

cf. ^odji'^-R. —zi ^racdov its 
resin. -:^as^^ to burn in- 
^J33Jo2oo^ dhupambutti, see vm^ 

^JSSSDd^, rfj3SSs)aF, q^JS^o^ 
dhuparati, dhiiparti, dhupundi, 
s. A censer. 

qiJSi^S^^ dhupipuni (^^^), v. a. 
To ofi'er incense, burn in- 

qiJSSjO dhuma, s. Smoke. — #?;^o 
a comet. 

qjjsdoi^ dhumala, ^^^ z^jt-^^. 

q^J3dJ3d>B dhumavati, i"^^ 3io 

cjSjs^ dhumra, ^. A sort of 
purple colour compounded of 
black and red. — -^ tobacco. 

j^JSdOj dhumre, s. The name of 
a demon. 

qjjs^r dhurta, adj. Fraudulent, 
crafty. — ^w, -o^ps crafti- 
ness; dissimulation. <:;^i>!lr a 
deceitful man. 

qJj9;oO dhusu, see i;j?io. 

qjJS?5s;* dhusely, .y^^ tu>^6. 

qJJS^o dhulu, .y. Dust. -sirf 

mildew; t/". -i.s^. 
[^^j^o dhenu, s. A milch cow. 

J^^NO^a"?)©, ^^?^o=^ dhenukari, dhe- 
nuke, s. A name of Krushna. 

^^pJoF dheirya, i". Courage, 
bravery. 2. firmness, steadi- 
ness. — raoj;o a courageous 
man, adventurer. ^So?^ a 


dJld dhode 


fioci^ nand^ 

timid man, coward. — -do^o^ 

^ to take courage. 
djtd dhode, see dj&'S. 
^i3^ociDf^, t^i:doci'Sf\dlioranda- 

rig-e, dliorandalige, see diuosj 

^js6 dhore, s. A master, lord, 
king, ruler. 2. a European. 
— s^ sovereignty, lordship, 
mastership. — ?fes) a lady, 

^JS^^j dhoku, see ^j3?^o. 

j^JSecl dhode, i"^^ dsew. 

t^JS?Cfl dhorane, J". Manner, way, 
mode. 2. display. 3. prowess. 
4. ability. 

zpi dhouta, adj. Washed, 
cleansed, white. ~tsoz:,Ti 
washed cloth. 

Z7i>.7t dhyana, s. Meditation, 
reflection. —ii^^\^. to medi- 

sp^: ^^Zi dhyanipuni (^.^s-), "'. «. 
To meditate, reflect. 

i:^_^o'^ dhva'msa, s. Loss, de- 
struction, extinction. ~rii^\ 
a to destroy, desolate, anni- 
ri_^te dhvaja, s. A flag, standard, 

^_^^ dhvani, i". Sound, voice, 
""noise, report. 

FJ na, The thirty-third letter of 

the alphabet, 
^o^*' nanki^, {pron. dat. pliir. 

of ~^) To us. 
■^■zT^ nangij, s. A kind of fish. 

— ej?5 useless paddy. 

^oric*, F^oris7 nangaru, nangal^, 
s. An anchor. 

?^o23,7Jo2^nanji,naDju, 5. Poison. 
2. puerperal convulsions. 3. 
impurity in the blood, scro- 
fulous tendency. 4. the af- 
ter-birth. 5. envy, jealousy. 
6. see ?i-a. adj. Poisonous, 
impure, unwholesome. —'^ 
O90 Menispermum cocculus; 
any unwholesome fruit. — cs 

c5o a man with a scrofulous 
constitution ; a ' malicious 
man. — ^ot3 a poisonous tree. 
—•rfoo^o^ a poisonous thorn. 
— ^js?A a scrofulous disease. 
— siDDer, — ^?i£g anything tend- 
ing to deteriorate the quality 
of blood. — auOrS, — Sje>^oS) to 
have puerperal convulsions. 
(dotiocd nanjunde, s. A name of 

r:;o^,?^o2j^,7^, noL'j nantij, nan- 
tastige, nantu, s. Kin, rela- 

■^oT^ nandy, adj. Chronic, viru- 
lent, festering. 2. shrunken, 
shrivelled; also ficzi. —'^'^ 

-^--^ nanda 



i=^ naka 

dampness. —4^ a festering 
sore. — Tij.B^o a shrivelled 
nose, —^-5 a slender spring 
or fountain. — 3^i3o,rj to be- 
come shrunken or shrivelled. 
_K 20j3-dosi to become indu- 

^od> nanda, s. The foster-father 
of Krishna; also ?io=;^;5?A ^° 
zi^x)zSx —7\j?,°^o<v Krishna's 

j^odpd nandana, s. Delight, joy. 
2. the twenty-sixth year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 3. 
Indra's garden; a pleasure 
garden ; also Norf^d?j. 

f^oCjN nandane, ^. A son. 

f^odS^ nandarike, s. A class of 

'^odz) nandala, s. A lamp-post 
in front of a temple. 

f^on^a^ij nandadlpa, s. A lamp 
always kept burning before 
an idol. 

jdo£) nandi, J'. A bull. 2. one of 
Siva's principal attendants; 
also ^cas^o^^TS. 3. joy, plea- 
sure. 4. the name of a man. 
— /^^e?3 the name of a demon ; 
the statue of a bull. — 2oy,6 
a kind of white flower. 

c^oS;?) nandini, s. A daughter. 
2. a celestial cow. 

f^o2^o3j nambaye, see ?^o83. 

c^oEoD*" nambarij, s. A number. 2. 
a suit, case. 3. any criminal 
proceedings. 4. an imputa- 
tion, charge. 

c^oWDD^ nambarapu, see ^o2d 

c^o2J^^^ nambavuni, c.v. {of t^o 
200^) To make believe, in- 
spire wdth confidence. 2. to 
hoax, deceive. 

■^ot^ nambi, s. A Vaishnava 
priest; also ;io83odj3c&:, jioe!) 

-^ot.f\ nambig-e, s. Fidelity, 
faithfulness, honesty, loyalty. 
2. trust, confidence, belief, 
faith. — tooSj a confidential 
or trustworthy man. 

?joeooa nambudi, s:e FioEOjsS. 

^o2J0?) nambuni (^o'^S), t. a. 
To believe, trust, rely upon, 
place confidence or faith in. 

fjotoJSO namburi, s. A Brahmin 
of Malabar. 

c^ozSjsO?^ nambolige, see Tioti-K. 

?^o5i)^ nammavu, see n^. 

FicC)Js)=CT nammike, see ?io£37?. 

FJosJjj^ nammuni, j'^^ ?io20o». 

coo* naka, .s-. The shell of a fish. 
cf. 3't$6srD£;o3o. 2. i-c'*? ?iso. 
— 7\oi;i a kind of perfume. 

^0=3*00:^00^) nakariyuni, see ?i^-rfo^. 

?^=^e:^ nakal\i, s. A copy, tran- 
script. — i3^^, —ec-iSLn to copy, 
transcribe; to take a copy. 
— ^js?Ox^?i to make a rough 

^^£) nakali, s. Ridicule, satire, 
caricature; imitation, adj. 
Spurious, counterfeit. — c:3cfo 
a buffoon, satirist. —-^^^^ 


^=5i> naka 


^zi nacca 

to ridicule, caricature; to 

r^^Dt uaXsLii, adj. Useless, worth- 
less, adj. Inferior. 

^=^j^ nakula, s. A mungoose. 
2. the fourth of the five 
Pandu princes. 

fg^d nakera, s. A nail, claw. 
adj. Claw-like 

j^^dj^ nakeruni (""^o), v. n. 
To neigh. 2. to titter, giggle. 

?^^'3,^jjIj, nakkamutti, s. A sort 

■rf" So 

of gambling. 
N^%^^ nakkavuni, c v. (of ?i^Oj 

») To cause to lick. 
fJi^o. ^ nakkuni (^^c), ^'. «. To 

lick, lap. 
?^^Jidj nakkuru, s. An earth- 

worm, s::;!;©— a red worm. 
?i=a,dj^ nakkeruni, see j-^^o^. 
?^#^;j nakkelu, i'^^ ^^a^- 
ro=g^.s3 nakkele, .s-. A man who 

licks, especially the plate in 

which food had been served. 

2. a greedy man. 
jd^Ci nakkeldi, s. An abandoned 

woman . 2 . ^'A^ /^w. of ji5^e3. 
fi^ nakra, .y. A crocodile. 
?)=CTj<:3s2j, nakra] ittu, s. Vishnu's 

weapon. [kettle-drum. 

?^=^,^jdj3£) nakramaddoli, s. A 
fi=^^ nakru, 3"^^ fi^o^-do. 
K;:S- nakli, see ^^c. 

foSJ nakha, s. A nail, talon, 
claw. 2. a fragrant substance 
resembling a nail. 

^sjrioo nakhaguti, s. A market 

N^«)^§ nakhavali, s. A row, as 

of nails. 
^ij nakhi, .s. A perfume, adj. 

Having claws. 
fgA^^^ nag-upuni, see »r.:S^. 

f^r\ naga, .?. Jewels, ornaments. 
2. goods, property. 3. a 
mountain. 4. a sailing vessel 
<?/" craft. — v"5 Vishnu. 

^iiis* nagad^, adf Fibrous; nap- 
py. 2. overgrown. 

^r\uf, F^ria nagadii, nagadi, s. 
Ready money, cash. —'ijahr?i. 
to pay in cash. 

c^rlo^ ^li:^ nagar^, nagara, s. A 
city, town. 2. the name of a 
town. — sro^ a citizen, towns- 

(irit), f^nnQ, fg'/tsC nagari, nagari, 
nagire, .?. A large kettle- 

^A nage, s. Mouldiness, rotten- 
ness. —Tit^ J) to moulder, 
become mouldy; to be rot- 

^A^^ nagepuni (^^), v. n. To 
mould, get rusty. 

■^T^ nagg^, adj. Stunted, not 
fully developed. — arsS stunt- 
ed paddy. 

■^1^ F^jrio naggi^nuggu, adj. Stunt- 
ed, diminutive. 

iM nacca, s. Pricking. 2. peck- 
ing. 3. see ti€. 
prick, peck. 

£5r^S) to 

(^2^ nacca 


^d nada 

tie^ :^, naccatra, i"^^ ^^^j- 
^2§ nacce, see ?i^. 

t^2;iD^ najaryi, s. Sight, seeing. 
2. estimate, value- 3. a pre- 
sent to a superior. —sooaS 
tie^o> to keep in surveillance. 

t^y nata, see nW^. 

•f^lij^y natanata, adz\ Briskly, 
nimbly. 2. with a crackling 
noise. -^€13^^ to frisk, 

'C^sJ|5 natane, s. A dance, danc- 
ing. 2. sham respect or 

■f^ba)^ natavu, see ?i6j3^4- 

-J^iJo^o, natuku, s. Cracking the 

^^,, r^^ nattij, natta, adj. Beg- 
ging; beggarly. -4^ sores 
about the underlip, believed 
to be curable only by partak- 
ing of food earned by beg- 

'^y. natta, see ^s^. 

f^y natta, adj. Middle, central. 

2. trifling. -?ia?5 midnight. 

-3iSJ a trifling, bit. — Ti>j?3o?i 

x^h't>,, ^kji),^] natta, nattavu, s. 

A loan, lending. ^Sto^ao 

"ijshr^ to lend. 
'T^kj|,s^^nattavuni, (T.'t'. (t^jiyj^^) 

To cause to beg; to send for 

xiU. natti, s. Planting, trans- 
planting.. -4^^ a kind of 

tobacco grown in South- 

(diJj,o5«)o3j, f3^ e3 nattunaye, nat- 

tele, s. A beggar; a beggarly 

^ijj^ nattuni (^^), I'.a. To beg, 

request, apply, pray. 

c^^Ar1o=#J3ojr^ nattogukorpini, 
see under n6j3,. 

f^(^^^ nadupini, see ^a^». 

^d^ nadake, j-. Walking. 2. 

pace, gait. 5s&- travelling 

on foot, 
cdc^sd nadatara, -^^^ ?irfo^d. 

c^Cal nadate, .s". Behaviour, con- 
duct. 2. intercourse, fami- 
liarity. es'S'o^JK N^^ coos! 
they have no intercourse with 
each other. 

c^c^lJSraOoi nadatonuni, reji. v. 
{of fi^s^N) To behave, con- 
duct one's self. 

(dt^Sj's&i nadapata, s. "Walking, 
exercise. 2. behaviour, con- 

ric^33'3^^, ?:;d^C3j^ nadapavuni, 
nadapuduni, c v. {of n^^jq^)) To 
cause to walk. 2. to manage, 
direct, guide, lead. 

o!d32) nadapu, see ^-dzitki. 

c^c^^^ nadapuni (^^), "o. n. To 
walk, proceed, go on. 2. to 

c^dsdod nadamada, s. Noise, cry- 

c^da nadari, s. The periodical 
feast of a temple. 

fjca nada 


^cl nane 

f^zii nadare, s. A native heartli. 
^d,t,t) nadavari, see ?ti&. 

^d^'^€ nadavalike, s. Inter- 
course, familiarity. 2. ma- 
nagement, control. 

fwZSD^^ nadavali, s. A grand festi- 
val occurring once in 1 2 years 
at Dharmasthala. 

f3^ nadi, i'. Behaviour, conduct, 
walk. ^oS_, j^^ under fiw. 

nS=^, fifsr^ nadike, nadig-e, ^^^ 
-^,. 2. =^^^. 

nQccI.j^j nadiyuni (c'^a), t'. 7Z. To 
be planted, or transplanted. 

f:!^o^ nadillu, -S". The middle 
room of a house. 

^^^c^, Fji^^2:*r nadlru, nadirl^, 
s. Midnight. 

fdr^o nadu, s. Centre, middle. 
2, the waist, loins, adj. Cen- 
tral, middle. — 7U)?i5 a middle 
<?/" cross wall. —3=^^ the court- 
yard before a house. -^"5, 
— ^^ the crown of the head. 
— sscio one who is in the 
middle; an intermediate son 
or brother. — ©oozio a middle 
piece. — sioA the middle arm. 
— £j502Co the midday-sun. 
—■doj'vo, the backbone. — ^ij 
midnight. — ?3s€^ the middle 
row. — "s^'^^'" to gird up the 
loins. — ^'l?^^ to have pain in 
the loins. — z;©o r^ to hold by 
the waist. r^jj. 

?^jaOctoo«;^j nadumbulu, ^^^ jiil)^ 

F:! naduguni (?^?^), f. ?z. 
To tremble, shake, shiver, 
quake, totter. 

ciCaOiiodJS^r! naduguroga, s. The 
palsy, tremor. 

fds^j^ci nadutara, «^'. Middling 

^^^^ nadupuni, see ?irf^s>. 

FwC^j^^^j nadupulu, i'. The waist, 

?)Ci)^c3i)a naduvantadi, 3-. The 

residence of a priest. 

F^do^^ naduvadi, s. Conduct. 
2. a customary observance. 

F^djdff naduvane, a^'. Central, 
middle. — c:i;o5o the inter- 
mediate brother. 

;jdo^r? naduvandi, ^. The inter- 
mediate daughter or sister. 

f^dod naduve, see riik'. 

f^sl nade, j". Walk, step, gait. 2. 
conduct, behaviour. 3. a 
closet, side-room. 4. the lower 
space between the two veran- 
das of a house or temple. 
— :;«cco a cloth spread on the 
road for a procession to pass 
over. ~-^.-~j^ conduct aud 
speech, or word and deed. 

?jdo3Da naddantadi, see t^-^o 

fj^,^ nadpini (~S), v. a. To 

^rsdd nanavare^ see t-^-^t'i. 
c^rlis:*, iL^t nanilij, nanile, see 

firl nane, adj. Wet, moist. 




fCdoo namu 

_ r-i^j^, F^sjF natty, uattu, 

nartu, s. A female's ornament 

for the nose, 
^^ori nattinge, s. An owlet. 

2. a man who is partially 

nCj^o*, ^do^ nadyru, nadary, j^^ 

foa nadi, j. A river. 

^^, ^F^s^D nana, nanaU, adz'. Yet, 
still, once more, fartlier on. 
(fOo^cS ^^ z^j^oSo I shall no 
more do this. ^^^^ zjB :3 he 
has not yet come. 

fjf^^^ nanapini, .r-?^ f2?2^S). 

^FodSt^ nanavarike, ^^i^ e3?j^5^. 

?i?i^ nanike, ^. A brother-in- 

^jfj^D^^ nanepavuni, c. v. {o/Tif^ 
i-^) To make wet, to moisten, 

nanepini, nanepuni, naneyuni, 
nanevuni {^'^-), ^'- n- To be 
moist, wet, damp. ~L ^^ori 
d.%zi^sj^ ?i^^ ///. if the hand 
be wet, the throat also will 
be wet; if you work, you will 

fifSD naneri (j^eSssS), s. AVet rice. 

^iJDK^ napasu, see ^zjd^. 

^^o:^^ napumsaka, a^'. Neuter. 
— ^^ impotency. —€>oX the 
neuter gender. ?j;^c?i^ a 

fis2 nape, see ^^■ 

t^^^ nappada, see re^i^. 

N^ nappu, s. Injury, degrada- 
f^f> nappe, see f^oasos. 2. see ^^. 

^^ naphe, .?. Profit, gain, ad- 
vantage ; also 7i^. 
^ZjiiZ^ nababy, see ^^ro^. 
F^cS nabe, see ^y. 

^z^, F^c^j?]^ nabha, nabhassy, 5-. 
The sky, atmosphere. 2. a 
cloud. N£?.sezl)crfej the firma- 

fo.'ij nama, /r^?;?. (/>/. (?/ cc!,-^^) 
We, including the person or 
persons addressed^ cf. oSoo^o 
^0. ;oo'do^ ours. ^oiSraoSo 
one of us, one of our party. 

F^^OFo namana, s. The act of 

F^doFdej', F^siOF^sJo namanaty, na- 

manama, s. Union. — i?L^) to 

c^doD^ namary, j^i?^ ^^^• 

(^^j?^a^^ namaskaripuni (?j^ 
?i;&), t'. 72. To bow, make 

F^dj?;^,d, ?5do?oo namaskara, na- 
masya, s. Salutation, prostra- 
tion, obeisance; also ji^js^. 
—;:st3oS) to prostrate, fall down. 
—■do'^o^S) to salute, bow, do 

N^^^^, F^ljj^io^ namipuni, na- 
misuni (f^^^oj), t'. tz. To bow, 
reverence, do obeisance. 

?ij:ojN, N^oJSj^ namune, namune, 
s. A pattern, sample, model, 

fidoJ?' camu 


f^d nara 


T^^JJSaJ^j^ namudisuni (^^-^^co), 
7'. <2. To mark; to mention, 
state, show. 

l^zi^Jizi^i namudu, J-. Appearance, 
mark. 2. mentioning, stating, 
showing. — ts-L^ to appear, 
be mentioned. —■^"^•y^^ to 
mention, show. 

•f^^?3)c^ namepuni, see ?iso^s>. 

co^JCdoo^ nameyuni (^^-^), r. n. 
To wear away. 2. to become 

^^:,^j^ nameluni, see a^ccJjo^. 

f^s^j, namma, see ^^o. 

fjsl^ namra, adj. Humble, sub- 
missive, gentle. — s, — ©^ hu- 
mility, submissiveness, gentle- 

-j^ojo naya, ^. Gentleness, meek- 
ness. 2. kindaess. 3. fine- 
ness, polish, softness, delicacy. 
4. a bait to catch alligators. 

- 5, cheapness. 6. see f^ooii. 
adj. Fine, soft, smooth, glossy. 
2. gentle, meek. 3. kind. 4. 
cheap. — Aor®, —§!?£; an amiable 
or gentle disposition. — jioS, 
-~^:;s^-d an elegant expression 
£'r kind word. 

?i05j=s'jowj nayikumhu, ^i/;". Half 
cotton and half woollen. 2. 
see t?-soz5o. S.J'^^ d^^oceio. 

Fioov=^J3£) nayikuli, s. The tree 

Wrightia tinctoria, 
t^o5o=c nay ike, j^^ craorfo^. 2. .y^^ 

^oSOsjS nayipili, see ^:^0S):> 

c^o^FiOdj nar^nuru, 5. see ^^iciXoxh. 
adj. Bruised. 

jdd nara, s. A vein, nerve, ten- 

c^d nara, .?. A man. adj\ Human. 


3i<^ human existence. 
^S mankind. 

-20e5 human 
sacrifice. — s3j3?^ the earth, 
nether world. — ^®q murder, 

fidorij^i narang-uni (^^=^), t'. ?2. 
To waver, hesitate, be reluc- 

c^doJ^ narandu, see ?i^5. 

^dojoo narambu, s. A sinew, 
nerve, pulse. — ■^j^^s> sinews 
to contract, to feel cramped. 

?^d=3^ naraka, s. Hell, hades. 2. 
dirt, filth. — 3i ^jso-rf the abyss 
of hell. -^ ^^ the hell-fire. 
—■So^Jn hell-torments. 

?^d^4)os^ narakantake, s. A 

name of Vishnu. 


^d^^^3i3narakadhipati, s.Xd,- 
c^d^ naraki, adj. Hell-worthy. 
2. dirty, filthy. 

t:^'^'^^'^ narakuni (^^^), "'. rt:. To 
sigh, groan, moan, grumble. 

c^d=^s3 narakele, s. A grumbler. 

fodrij^j^ narag-uduni (^rfXoS), 
7'. cz. To bruise, crush ; to tor- 

^cr(^^ narag-uni, see ji^s'ja. 

^drijO naraguri, s. A sheepish 

man, coward. 
Ndrijl^^ narao^oli, see §^rio^;se9. 

fideij?j naratuni (^^S), v.n. To 
grumble; </. fjrjs'os). 

c^d nara 


c3^r narta 

f^tu^ narady, s. Roughness. 2. 
a wart, protuberence. 3. 
stuntedness. 4. false preg- 
nancy, adj. Rough, craggy, 

?^cid^si, NdsJsS naradeva, narapa- 
ti, s. A human ruler. 

ojdf^c! naranara, ^^^". Slow, gentle. 
—23?^ slow labour. 

pIci^Q narapuri, s. A mortal. 

foo&joi)^, fSd^jiij^, (odsjjsfoo na- 
ramani, naramane, naramlnye, i". 
Man; a mortal. 

?ido3j naraye, s. A kind of crane. 
2. a grey-haired man. 3. a 
white-spotted ox. adj. Grey. 
2. white-spotted. 

c^d^o^ naraluni, see n^^o?). 

t^ds^ naravu, .y^^ wxi- 

f^drooSo narasimha, i". The fourth 

incarnation of Vishnu. 
r^ds;^o^ naraluni, see FiiJ^or^. 

rdD"3C5i^jnaradhame, s. The mean- 
est of mankind. 

{^D4>p3J3 naradhipati, s. The 
ruler of men. 

f^D nari, s. A jackal, fox. 

?^0=^ narike, see ?3i^r. 

(^Q^ naripu, ^^^ ns^if^. 

r^dofiodo, f^doi^do naruguru, na- 
runuru, i". A crack, crash. 
2. a sound produced while 
eating anything crisp. 

c^dj^'S^^ naruvolu, s. A kind of 
aromatic tree of which the 
leaves are used for curry or 
medicine, Saccharum Munja. 

^d nare, see ^. 

^6 nare, s. Greyness, hoariness- 
adj. Grey, hoary. — ^o3i<5, 
— ;^(3 grey hair. — 33o3o a grey- 
haired man. — eolbr?) to be- 
come grey. 

j^doh nareno;i, see ^e-5o?\. 

fido/io^ narenguni (n^oK), f. a. 
To hesitate; ^. fixis'o^. 

F^6oi^$3 narengele, s. A dull, 
tardy, slow, hesitating man. 

rdd3 nareti, s. A white-spotted 

^de;^^ nareluni, see ?^5'o^. 

ojd^^ narevuni (^^), "'. /^ Hair 
to become grey, grow white. 
f^d^o^ narendre, s. A king. 
cd^F narka, see fi'd^. 
^=^or^ narkuni, see fi-dg^osi. 

r^^F narke, s. The skin, hide, 

cdns)FeJ nargata, s. Bruising. 
c^Ae)F^^ naiD^Avuni, c. v. (of ^ 

AOF^) To bruise, crush. 

f^rljF^ narguni (^^^), v. n. To 
be bruised, crushed. 2. to be 
close, as a cluster of fruits. 

firioFdj narg-uru, see j^tjjaotjo. 

fO/^FsS nargele, s. A grumbler. 

?j3*F?jj;^jFnart^nurtu, adv. For- 
cibly ; by dint of perseverance. 

f^^F narta, adj. Soft, pure. 

7i^vf\ nartage, s. A dancer, 

oj^Fjd nartana, s. Dancing, act- 
ing. -rfo^o^Si to dance. 

f^l^ narte 


N^ nava 

^t' narte, s. A bivalved shell- 
fish, mollusk. 

ci^FC narnara, see jirJoAO-do. 

fdjdwFjrs:^ narnurtsly, (i(/j. Half 

^^5r narpu, ^. Deserting, for- 
saking. 2. disgust, dislike. 

c^3^r^ narpuni (^S), t'. a. To 
desert, forsake. 2. see ^tF?j. 
z'.n. To be disgusted. 

fd^t^ narma, i". Sport, amuse- 
ment, pleasure. 

j^^rd narmada, s. The river 

f^^jF^ narluni (f^^^), t'. 7^. To 
rattle, as phlegm in the 
throat. 2. see ^ti^o^. 

?^;irc^ narvante, ^. A small iini- 
valved shell-fish, mullusk. 

Fi^jttr^o narvolu, see c^-^o^^e^o. 

?Js;*, f!^; nalu, nala, adj. Good. 

2. cheap. 
^^ nala, j^^ ?^^- 

f^^rJjp nalaguni (^e^^, c'. i'^. To 
grumble, murmur. 2. to 
fade, wither. 3. to be pro- 
strated, reduced from sick- 
ness; cf. frJiiSo^. 

fiQ nali, s. Dent, dimple, as of 
a metallic vessel. — ^^^ to 
remove the dimple of such a 
vessel, —ai-t^ofj to be indented. 

j^S=# nalike, s. Dancing, jump- 
ing, —cd:^ a dancer ; one of 
the class of demon-dancers. 

•^t)f\ nalike, see f^^. 

f^Sfi nalina, s. The lotus. 

f^C^^ nalipuni ("-), i'. n. To 

dance, leap; to turn round. 

V. a. To let fall, as a vessel. 

2. to indent, bruise. 
F^Ooioo^ naliyuni (?^°^), i\n. To 

be indented, dimpled, as a 

metallic vessel. 
oJSol) nallye, see t^°^- 
risS nale, see ^"^. 
t^'tz'ih nalenci, sec f^'3zzi. 
?^d, fi^j, nalke, nalpu, i-t^^ ^°-^. 
F^'ijj^^ nalpuni, see ^es^a. 

c^«^ nalme, i-. Goodness, friend- 

?is5* nallu, s. A kind of flea 
which infests poultry, cats, 
elc. 2. a sprain. 

^S nalli, s. The bone of the leg 
below the knee, shinbone. 
2. see ^S. 

c^©r^, ^"5, f^sjp nalliffe, nalle, 
nallye, i". A weed, tare, Pas- 
pa lutn pilosum. 2. a hollow. 
—ECjBTior- to be dimpled, de- 

Fw^ nava, adj. New, fresh. ;zm;w. 

f^^r1,3o nava^raha, s. The nine 
planets, ^^z., the Sun, Moon, 
]\Iars, Mercury, Jupiter, Ve- 
nus, Saturn, Rahu {Caput 
draco7iis)^ and Ketu (Cauda 

fisicjsS, f^sieo"? o navadara, nava- 
dvara, s. lit. The nine doors. 
2. the human body which has 

K!d nava 


oi?o nasa 

nine inlets or outlets, as the 
nostrils, ears, mouth, etc. 

fi^qjisF:!" navadhdnya, s. Kine 
kinds of corn, as sjsS paddy, 
7?js?5 wheat, ^^e3 Bengal gram, 
SJ3A& dholl, ^0^0 gram, <o??^ 
gingely seed, e^s^'S country 
beans, ^s<)-i::>f black gram, and 
x;£oTv green gram. 

F^^f^jSsN navanutana, (7^^. Very 
beautiful, handsome; singu- 

?i;js:sfg navapatt^, s. Fungosity. 
2. music accompanied with 
])eating of drums, adj. Fun- 
gous, excrescent. 

FJSjSjj navama, num. Ninth. 

N^SoJS^j navamasa, s. Nine 
months, the period of preg- 

?id^J navami, s. The ninth 
lunar day of either fortnight. 

?i^d navara, s. A kind of grain; 

cf. ?i^'5. 

oiSids- navaratna, ^. Nine kinds 
of precious stones or gems, 
viz.., ^5oo;gj^ pearl, tfo^ ruby, 
■s^^ diamond, ^j^T^^jsodor cat's 
eye or beryl, 7^.s?iSo?p^ onyx, 
^Jioc^SA topaz, c^?eJ sapphire, 
and -# emerald. 

f^sJD'sJ, navaratri, s. A festival 
observed for the first nine 
days of the seventh lunar 
month in honour of the god- 
dess Durga. 

^w5 navare, s. A kind of rice. 

t^^?r5)r1d,?^5:!r;^dnavasagara, na- 

vasara, s. The salt Sal am- 

fi^iJzS navabe, s. A Nabob, 

j^Sjc^oSuI navayite, s. A Konkani 
speaking class of Mohamme- 
dan cloth-merchants. 

N^"SG*, ^^"5a*d3:!U navar^, na- 
varuda-patti, s. Tape, band, 

oiOs:*5J^navilijpakki, s. A pea- 
cock; also 'sS^jjS. 

cor-^^drs navikarana, s. Renewal, 
renovation. —^os^o^S) to renew. 

-^Z^^ navlna, adj. New, fresh, 

^;J^o^J navunta, ^. Itching, irrita- 
tion in the throat. — z;:^o^, 
^4cyo^, see Ff3o;gi?i. 

f::5:J;0^^ navumpuni, see ?f3c:^S). 

^sS nave, ^^^ na. 

?jB^^ nasipuni (^^), 7'. a. To 
.destroy, ruin. v. n. To perish, 
decay. 2. to work hard, 
exert one's self beyond one's 

f^^^^:^, t'h^iz:^ nasib^, nasibu, s. 
Fate, destiny. 

f:!^nase, ^. Snuff, medicinal snuff. 

—■^23^ a snuff box. 
fid, nashta, s. Loss, damage, 

injury, adj. Lost, destroyed, 

damaged. — e?^oi to be lost; 

c.dat. to lose. 
f^S^5^ nas\iki;i, see ^oJj. 

?g?is3^c^, ?:;j;;D^rii, ?dsj^rsnasapa- 
ni, nasarani, nasraai, s. A Naza- 

^k nasi 


c3'3o£) nandi 

reue or Syrian Christian. 

2. a nasty, base, mean, or 

worthless fellow. 
^k nasi, sec ^^. 
c^^odjj^) nasiyuni (=:^~), v.7i. To 

submit, subdue. 

?i^^cdJ3* nasiyatu, s. Punish- 
^Ti^'^o nasuku, see ^^j.- 
r^Sjj^ nasudi, ^. The forehead. 

(^?5 nase, ad/. Soft, gentle. 2. 
moist, damp, humid, s. Moist- 
ness. 2. softness. —7^'^ a 
man in good circumstances. 

rirfj. nasky, s. Twilight, dawn, 
early morning. 

?!;::;, c 5 naskyatra, see n^^ 

^7^ nasya, see ^^i. 

^^ nala, s. The fiftieth year of 

the Hindu cycle of sixty. 

2. see ^^. —z:i^ superior 

tSV=^o£jJ nalakambha, s. A pole 

planted in the middle of a 

stack of straw. 
^^ nali, see ^^€. 

r^^, ^^fi nali, nalig-e, s. A tube, 
pipe. 2. the barrel of a gun. 

^^f^ nalina, see t^c^. 

fi^o^^i nalipuni, see ^c^?^. 

?i'^oioj^ naliyuni, see jieSodoo?). 

fd^ nale, s. A celebrated king, 
the husband of Damayanti. 
?^s?, nalme, see ^^^. 
^^^ nalye, see ^c^-^. 

^^ nallu, see ^^. 

?3^ nalli, s. A spool. -;^o:ija 
to spool. 

?i=a, fj=^ naksha, nakshe, s. A 
map, plan, chart. 2. a paint- 
ing, picture, photograph. 7io 
eD^ni— a genealogical table, 

f^'S Sj nakshatra,^. A star, planet. 
2. a constellation or lunar 
mansion. —-^ooTiv, _s3j3o^ the 
planetary system. ^^33j??o 
^J5<y favourable conjunction 
of natal stars. 

^"3 na, Aninterrogative particle 
affixed to 7iouns, pronouns 
adjectives., verbs a?id adverbs ; 
as, cs'Soj^t) is it Rama? ^ycSo^s 
is it he? o5ot§ ^ is it good? 
^osif^a are you going? ^^ezSpo 
was it yesterday? 

^02^0^ nancuni (p^z^), v. n. 
To dance. 

cTSbeioJ* nantuni, see c^swos). 

'^o'd nande, s. A measure of 
grain, equal to one-sixteenth 
or one-twentieth of a seer. 

^3Dor?o nannya, see ^^o. 

^c:^ nanta, see ?ra^. 

cSDoS nandi, s. Benedictory 
verses recited at the com- 
mencement of an auspicious 
ceremony. 2. a ceremony per- 
formed to preserve a marri- 
age party from the pollution 
of birth or death in the 

c5j)oWJ nambu 


^i>f\ na^e 

:^3e)o20J nambu, s^e e;oo20o. 

f^DCT naka, s. Heaven, paradise, 
skj^ atmosphere. 2. see fcrats'o. 
—sieS a sacrifice to all the 
gods on the fifth day of a 

t3e)^3S nakari, see ^?f35. 

:^'3=s'o naku, s. A female calf. 

^DTi nag-a, s. A snake, serpent. 
2. a class of demi-gods. 3. the 
image. of a serpent. — ^^p a 
class of demi-goddesses. — ^<5 
the stone image of a serpent. 
— ^ji^os?, —-^jb the young of a 
serpent. —Xocr^e; an ear-orna- 
ment in the form of a serpent's 
hood. -33:§ the hood of a 
serpent. -°3js?^ the infernal 

t3e5/i naga, j^^ ?^a. 

trart=aJ^, nagakushta, s. A kind 
of leprosy. 

•cSDrlccd^ nag"ajidepu, s. A head 
ornament like the extended 
hood of a serpent. 

?3e)rtS"3^ nag-atali, s. The cactus 
TrichosaiiUies anguina. 

^■srJcloi:^* nagadandu, ^. Stag- 
nant water of yellowish color. 

t3e)ri?iria naganagari, s. A kind 

of drum. 
c3e)risj'4 nagapatta, s. A kind of 

t3'sr\ZJc?, ^i^^i^o?^nagabana, naga- 

bana, s. A grove haunted by, 

or sacred to, serpents. 
t3s)r{i:^a nagabldi, i'. A locality, 

affecting the health of those 

dwelling there, or the purity 

of any thing, as water, etc. 
c3e)r!23£^ nagabetta, s. A species 

of cane with black spots 

about the joints. 
c3«)r{r:;o£)r^ nagamallige, s. The 

flower Justicia nasuta. 
crar!D*?vJ=^ nagarusuttu, s, A 

gold or silver thread. 
^■grid nagara, s. Dry ginger. 

2. the cobra. 3. see ^7(-6. —^o 
"j^^ Si feast on the fifth day 
of the fifth lunar month. — 20 
^4 the Nagari or Sanskrit 
character. w?^_ the Bengal 
Nagari character. Kiotx- the 
Peninsula Nagari character. 

o5c)riO^ nagarika, ad/'. Civilized, 
refined, cultured. 2. elegant. 

3. prudent. — Sv civilization ; 
elegance; prudence. ?:s7\&^ 
a civilized, neat, or prudent 

crerisjca?^ nagavandige, s. A shelf. 

co^rirf^ nagavalli, s. A very pun- 
gent species of betel leaf, 
piper betel. 

^■srlAjoojr^, ^e)ri;;jos2)^ nagasam- 
pige, nagasampei, s. The flower 
J/esua speciosa. 

^Dfii^ij, ^-srii^d nigasara, naga- 
svara, s. A pipe answering to 
the drone of the bagpipe; a 
snake pipe with two holes. 

■^-^f\ nage, .i\ A serpent. 2. the 
image of a serpent, ^s?— a 
spotted serpent 
see ojdfro;^. 

7300 c—. CCOe— . 


^:r?)f\ na^e 


^Dj^* nanu 

^■tf\Z^ najeru, s. Native Ro- 
mau Catholics, so called by 
j^Df^^cg; na^endre, s. The chief 
of the serpents. 2. the name 
of a man. 
^i5ri-Qr^ nigole, s. The conclud- 
ing ceremony of a marriage 
among Brahmins. 
-ji)t3* nac^, s. Dancing, a uautch. 
Tj^Za^, ^-^-^f^ nacike, nacige, s. 
Shame, modesty, blushing. 
—■R°S shameless, impudent. 
—^htAo be ashamed, modest; 
to blush. 
N-52^=ar^, ■^J'^nd^^ nacikedei, na- 
clgedei, s. The sensitive plant 
Mimosa fudica. 
^"32^0^ nacuni (?-''^), i'- n. To 

blush, be ashamed. 
^^;iD^ Ni)2^S naj'ariji, najare, ^. 

A sheriff. 
^-323 na:i, ^. A kind of dance. 
^^c^J^^. iia:uku, adj. Delicate, 
fine, soft. -^^^ delicate 
^s)^ najre, see ^3^5- 
rj7)si aata, ^. A pole used for a 
hedge. 2. a pole used for 
supporting a plantain tree, 
or for training up a creeper, 
^y^, s^-syn nataka, nataga, s. 
A play, drama. 2. a theatri- 
cal performance. — c:^:^, f^ 
fe^T^ an actor. -^«3 a theatre. 
^i,ej?)4?^ natavuni, ^. f. (^/ ^^ 
u^rj) To cause to affect or 

^dIj nati, s. Fixing, pitching, 

^liosrl natiraga, s. A prelude. 
^e)£j.?i natuni (?=3S), 7'. «. To 
affect, impress, move. 2. to 
operate, act upon, as a medi- 
cine. ^-^L csera j^syjfcD will 
nothing move you? or will 
all the telling be lost upon 
frasS nate, see ?:sy. 
^Tseic: natya, ^. Dancing, acting. 
■^T^^ nadu, ^. A district, village. 
^C3-s)rf)^ nadavuni, c.v. {o/^^ 

^) To cause to search. 
^d:, nadi, ^. The pulse. 2. a 
blood-vessel, artery, or vein. 
3. vital air or breath. 4. an 
astrological term connect- 
ed with natal stars. -^s'^-.y 
the planetary conjunction 
consulted by astrologers when 
matrimonial alliances are to 
be formed. --s?lx exami- 
nation of the pulse, -voz^^j 
the pulse to cease. -s^?^?^ 
to feel the pulse. ->t^^r% 
—zJoio^ the pulse to beat. 
■^^A nadige, s. One of the 
cultivating classes in the 
northern part of Canara, 
^Dd:) nadu, see ^^• 
I fjd^.o^ naduni (^5), v. a. To 

search, seek. 
; ^cl nade, s. A cord, rope. 
I f3Dc^S -^-^'^ nanu, nana, ^. Naked- 
I ness, nudity. 2. the buttocks. 

fj^rs nana 


^i'SwO^ name 

^e)r33:!^r?o, ^^r?^sS?A) nana- 
parvesi, ninapravesi, see ■^t^ 

c3e)r^s;*^ nauilu, 5. A species of 
olive. — ::; o2oo?? oil prepared 
from its fruit. 

?3^r?o nanya, s. Money, coin. 
^.■zix— a counterfeit coin. 

oje)f?i nanme, s. Manipulation. 

^^s ndta, s. Smell, odour. 2. 
stink, stench; also -o^ f3D2:, 
_^oe; a base family. 

^■5 3 ^'3 natapu, .?. The plant 

Laniana aculeata. 
^^j natu, see fra^; 6^". ?;s::;j^. 

^l;(^ nathe, s. A husband, master, 

lord, protector. 
^;4)d nada, ^. A sound, report, 

noise or note, •^i^v^— thunder. 

^ccc— the roar of a lion ; a 
war cry. 
^■5CJD?j nadani, adj. Stupid, 

c5"t)23^0, ^;"^9^)S nadiri, nadhari, 

.y. Poverty, pauperism. 2. 

bankruptcy, insolvency, adj. 

Indigent, poor. 2. bankrupt. 
c3'3dj^ naduni (f^5), v.n. To 

smell, stink. 
c3^d| nadre, ^^^ n23?5. 

c5e)Nr;d^^r nanaparavarshi, s. 
A pension, gratuity ; superan- 

^"3^^ nana, adj. Various, diverse, 
different. -©^ different sorts. 
— -dror diverse colours. — ^y 
various ways. 

^joo^j nanuni (?:^^), t'. 7z. To 

shrink; cf. £A3=;j-do^. 
(3e)f^o nanya, s. Likeness. 2. kind. 

^.-^T.^ ~.^.^ 


napasu, napasu, naoe, napesu, 
(T/.'/^". Worthless, useless. 2. 
powerless, helpless. 3. stingy, 

^oj=a napike, 5'. A barber. 

^Dzp nabhi, ^. The navel. 2. 
the holes in tlie leaves of a 
palm book, to string them 

^Dzt,:> nama, s. A name, appel- 
lation. 2. a sectarian mark 
on the forehead. — ^rJps the 
ceremony of naming a child 
after birth. — :; ^s^sS a kind 
of bangles. —^5-^5^ a noun. 
—7i^^ invoking or repeating 
the name of God. ~^h?), —zdjs 
■c^Joi to fail, be defeated. ~^^ 
■t^ci to put on the sectarian 
mark; to cheat, deceive. 

^D-:jjc5:5i?Q* namadabsr^,^. Coun- 
try sarsaparilla, Hcmidcsimts 
Indie us. 

^D^oCc:)* namaradij, adj. Peevisli. 
2. impotent. 

cSsidodr namarde, s. A eunuch, 
impotent man. 2, a sneak, 

^j)dJ3o^:^ namankita,.?. Aname, 
adj. Dedicated, as a work to 
a person, 

cS'^sJoj?:* namusijL, s. Disgrace, 
2, shame. |-tit. 

^e)^.5?i namesa, s. Nothing, a 


^Doj naya 


^53<^ nal^ 

f:i)OJj na,ya, see ps^ccio. 

^cdo=7 nayake, s. A guide, lead- 
er. 2. a chief, bead, general. 
3. an honorary title given to 
a Roman Catholic or a Kon- 

Fie)0i-6 nayare, see ?n)Oso^.-?)-5. 

;3«)05j nayi, s. A dog. —t;&ot\ 
an acute form of syphilis. 
^?5— an otter. 

r3s)05o-S-^ nayikini, s. A mistress. 

^■sOSo^ nayike, see ?n):cio^. 

^D05ol.lVz.3- nayitolaci, s. The 
white basil or country tea, 
Oeimuin album. 

^e)03jsjs3 nayipalle, s. A kind 
of tree. 

^"soojoj^ nayipili, .y. A hyena. 

f;'50Sj23e)::i^G*nayibadam|j, s. The 

wild almonds. 
c3'303j^ji)d nayimarSj i'. ANayar 

of ^Malabar. 
^■soSooJjof , nayiyulli, see «2^ao ^ 

n V 

c3'so£o?^JSreon^ nayisonang'^, s. 
The plant Mucuna pruriens. 

cC'SCoJD* nayeru, j. A plough. 
2. ^^^ ?roosj^j?)TS. _5^<§ . see jro-d 

worn out plough 
^i"i;D* nar^, s. The hemp of 
plants, fibrous bark of trees, 
etc.\ linen. — - =?ocyo, —■d.)^ , 
a linen cloth. — =2 e^f a 
hempen rope. — ^uo^'"i to he- , 
come stringy or tough. -?: i 
cS^w to twist hemp or fibre : 
into ropes. j 

^^doasOwO nirang^ayi, see c3^t3o?\. 
^"sdc?^ narange, see ^d6c?\. 

coe)0=c^>^, ^^^d^^ narakatti, na- 
ratti, s. A kind of sword used 
by the Nayars. 

c^dOcS narade, s. A celebrated 
sage and legislator, the son of 
Brahma, and inventor of the 
lute. 2. a tell-tale, slanderer. 

cje)d?:;* naras^, s. A very thia 
wire. 2. the hook of a 
native woman's nose-ring. 
adj. Thin, lean, emaciated. 
2. stingy, miserly. 5e;?5— a 
rod with which the measure- 
of a {^^t) kalase is struck. 

^■sDroo3o narasijQha, see ?ixiA)oso. 

^e)Di)Cijr?., c5'e)DD0Jjcl narayana, 
narayane, s. A name of Vishnu. 
2. the name of a man. — ^^e* 
a kind of amulet. 

^Se)D'SCCjri) narayani, s. The wife 
of Vishnu and goddess of 
prosperity. 2. the wife of 
Siva and goddess of de- 
struction. 3. the river Ganges. 

^e)S nari, s. k woman. 

o5c)do naru, see ?:i)5. 

^i'SCoh narengi, s. A kind of 


?5e)w?^ naresu, s. An instrument 
to make either gold or silver 

l.see f:2:3cJ. 


^e):lr narde, see -§>^'&^. 

■^zf' nal^i, num. Four. — eru)Ti), 
?n)2;:£-dj lit. four towns; some 
countries or parts of the 

^^2:« nali^ 


?3i)^, nashta 

^vorlcl. F^^ eruTrfj Sc^^jsrt^j 
one should travel abroad. 
—^/ssoSj the name of a 
demon. —^^^ the four points 
of the compass. —Tij^zjo^ ^t) 
aijj^do four hundred. —■diji6 
four corners, a square. —"^^^ 
the four Vedas. 

^e)0* nali^, s. A horse-shoe; c/. 
<sjd6. — 20c5 a farrier, shoe- 
smith; farriery. — ^^bo?), — ss 
^oS) to shoe a horse, efc. 

^DZ>o7i nalanga, ^. The hands, 
legs, eyes, and ears. 

^Z)^ nalane, adj. Fourth. 

^c)SJ03o, ^)^^3■^)02J nalayi, nalayi, 
s. The tongue. — rf :ro^ faith- 
fulness to a promise. ^— 
speaking faintly, as a sick 
person. <^^— lit. double 
tongued ; hoarseness ; dupli- 
city, equivocation. -S-o^— , 
■S-S— the uvula. —tiO-i^^ to 
be able to speak. — S^sStjj^ //"/. 
to retract one's tongue, to 
break a promise. — eoja^rfoft 
to falter, cease to speak, as 
a dying person; to pledge 
one's word. — -rfjA-do^ to speak 
fluently; to break a promise. 

■<SD^"3SJ»Sr nalavarti, s. The four 
seasons, adv. Four times. 

^Se)© nail, s. The throat, wind- 
pipe. 2. a pipe, tube. 3. the 
stalk of a lotus. 4. see ?s^. 

;^3t)€)7^ nalisiji, s. Disparagement, 
detraction, censure. 2. dis- 
honour, disgrace. — ^o^^^o^S) to 

disparage, censure ; to dis- 

^^s3 nale, s. A sewer, drain. 2. 
a pipe. 

^^$3jVt;^j nalkoju, adv. Four 
times; also ?ie3jSjS;*o. 

cS'SS^A^olij nalkontu, s. Four 

ro-ss;, nalpa, num. Forty. 

c5s)a'?sdjd nalpamara, s. The 
bark, ^^^. of four kinds of 
milky trees used in medicine, 
namely: J^jse??, «5^7i, ©Sr, 
and ^3/^j3??5. 

^^■SOD nalla, .y. A fourfold 


ploughing. 1. see '^'i^j)'^- 
^^s3 nalle, sec ?^s2. 


cj-3s5,o* nalverij, s. Four persons. 

^je)sjd navade, s. A man belong- 
ing to a tribe so called. 2. 
the claw of cattle, beasts or 

^"sd^ navala, see ■^^^. 

c3^^=^, ■^D^f\ navike, navi^e, s. 

A sailor. 
^^^ nave, s. A ship, vessel. 

^■s4'5^ navola, s. Four seers. 

^0)2^, ^j)^?^ nasa, nasana, ^^ De- 
struction, ruin, loss. 2. 
annihilation, death. — ^ a 
destroyer. — ■rfcoat God, the 
immortal. -"Jh?^, ~^^ ^-^t?^ 
to be destroyed; to fall in 
ruins ; to die. — -rfos^o^^ to de- 
stroy, ruin. 

^S's^,, ?jc)s^, nashta, nashte, s. 

d tS 

Breakfast. 2. luncheon. 




.ri niga 

^'57^ uasu, s. Snuff. 

^i^^Dii^ nasagra, s. The top of 
the uose. 2. see ?^^;d3A:i. 

"^nk^ nasika, s. The nose. 

oi'S^v, nasti, .s-. Denial, refusal. 

^k^'^ nastika, ad/. Infidel, he- 
retical. ~^^ infidelity, athe- 
ism, heresy. 

^■g^^ nastike, s. An atheist, 

infidel, heretic, 
^e)^ nalu, see ^€. 2. see ^jz'5. 
^D'-^, ^D^ nala- nali, see ^€. 

cTS'T?^!?d nalikera, i". A cocoanut 

^0=5^.^ ninkuni, see f.-e;jj^. 

^orla' ningalu, s. Broken rice, 
grit. rx..t5o_ very fine grit. 

^io/ivdj?j, ^orlj?^ ninguduni, nin- 
guni (acXoS, ^^ca), 7-. ^. To 

^oftJi'-^^ ningolu, see ^z7<6. 

^o£i ninni, see ?jz^. 

^ioa^^i, ^oS:jj^, ^orfj^ niudi- 

puni, nindisuni, ninduni (s>cS. j 

^^a^), :■. a. To abuse, re- ' 

proach. 2. to blame, censure. ! 

3. to mock, ridicule. 4. to ' 

c^od ninde, s. Abuse, blame, cen- ' 

sure, reproach. 2. mockery, ; 

ridicule. 3. blasphemy. ~tz^, ' 
— ctodSo an abuser, censurer, 

scoffer, blasphemer. j 

^o?5, ^s?i^ ninna, ninnavu, see 

rioQii ninni, s. An echo, rever- 

beration. 2. mimicry. — ^2o 
the sound of an echo. — s^i 
■^>i?- to mimic. 

^ON^d,^ ninnsvuni (-""■'^^?), v. n. 

To echo. 
^0 23 nimbe, see eSctS. 

^=CT nika, s. A marriage among 
Mohammedans. — •rfjvj.S) to 
marry a Mohammedan wo- 

^=cto^o nikulu, /r^/z. (//. of^) 

cij5s;, 5!j0°^ nikhila, nikhila, adj. 
All, the whole, entire, com- 

^n*a nigudi, ?. Instalment. 2. 
a fixed period or sum for 
payment, as the assessment 
on land. 3. fixing, settlement. 
;^s»r5_ government assess- 
ment. — ^v^c^r'i to resolve, 

^n*3§^ nigupuni, see ^Tas^^. 

^rie^jN nigacuni (r--A£F), v.n. To 

^rt;^ nigada, see ^Tiri. 

^ria, ^ri;:! nigadi, nigade, see 

rj aS. 

?ir!a nigadi, see sKa. 
^ri^^^ nigapuni, .y^^ ^A^^i. 

?jr1dj nigama, ^. The Vedas. 

2. a fair. 
^7i j5:?S:r/ nigayinen^, s. A cord 

i^r rope for fastening a buoy. 

^rlo* nigaru, .yic^ ^a5. 
^rtsri nigarige, see ^a&t?. 
^ri:;j^ nigaruni, see e5az}os>. 

^r! uiga 


?jeJo, nittu 

^riOr nig'arvi, s. An unassum- 
ing, modest person. adj. 
Unassuming, modest. 

^li^ nig-avu, s. A buoy. 

^r,7f nigasi^, s. Food, victuals. 

2. disregard, disdain. 
^A^^ nig-aliji, i-^c? ^a^" . 
5iA^?i* nigas^, s. Glitter, shining. 

(jhsj'ss^^j nigipavuni, c.v. {of ?ftx 
sgifj) To cause to level. 

^n^?i nigipuni (n^), t-. «. To 
level. 2. J£'^ f3o7\^^. 

^hcdjo?^ nigiyuni (^'^^), t'. 7z. To 
be levelled. 2. to be filled 
up, as a pit. 

^riodj^ niguruni, see fSA-rfo^. 

^r^NSo nigr^ha, see o^aj^o. 

^A^, ^hd niggij, niggira, s. In- 
elegance. 2. filthiness, nasti- 
ness. 3. disgust, adj. Un- 
pleasant, filthy. —tTOc5j a filthy 
man. -■rfjs^^j^r. to make foul, 
render filthy. 

An unclean 

^"^^' ^^,^. ^^SSn, nlggya, ^. 

^fN?-/ nigglsu, s. 
man ; i^/i-c* ^7^. "rfcDaSo. 

' A 

Fullness, completeness, adj. 
Full, complete, 
^ri nigra, see ^7.x5. 

v_/ A 

^rt,^ nigraha, s. Punishment. 

2. killing; also r^r.-d^. 

^ ' A 

s?o^^ to punish; to kill. 
^rt)^^ nigruni, see na^jo^. 

tu, s. A dictionary, vocabu 
lary, glossary. 


?i3^ nicca, see tj^o. 

^c^ ccIj niccaya, see ^^<^^- 

^■^ t> nlccala, see ^^ o. 

^2^ nija, J". Condition, circum- 
stances in life. adj. Own. 
—"djiTj, one's own ^^r natural 
form. 4©&c^^ ^la^ Sa'o^^ to un- 
derstand a man's disposition 
or character. 

^n niJa, s. Truth, veracity, cer- 
tainty, reality. adj. True, 
certain, sure, real. — ti^S, s 
3isS truly, certainly. — «^ 
certainty. — nsoS uncertain, 
unreliable. — s^^f-d a true 
word or statement, a fact. 
— Ss'o,^ to ascertain the truth. 
— -rfo^o^S) to prove. 

^SSn-sJ-Q^, ^t^'S'S'iJ^, fi23i)&3^ 

nijikatruni, nijikavuni, uijkivu- 

ni, (rioio Sj. ^^53, ^&!s^), V. n. 

To grin; «/.?£> ujssSaoocX-'s. 
^z3^o^ nijikuni (rosS^j, t'. n. To 

appear, seem. 
^s3 nijji, s. The gums. — -^Sja??? 

a toothless mouth. 
^ei^ nitila, s. The forehead. 
^L* nitta, s. Pleasure, adj. 

Pleasant. 2. see oi^. 
^eJrl(i nittanige, i-. A ladder. 

2. a pile, heap. 3. a row, line. 

4.tlie name of a village. 

cieij^d, ^jsJj^d nittura, nittura, 

see c'^.o.'rf. 

^)L^j,^-c* nittusuri^, s. A deep 
sigh; loud sobbing. 

^'A nitte 


^dj nidre 

^^ nitte, see f-^^. 2. see ^=s. 

^23 s:» nittelu, ^. The hip, loins, 

waist. 2. the bosom. 
^:«o=5J^ nidankuni (^t^c^), z'.7i. 

To incline; e/. ^o^o^. 
^a nidi, adj. Straight, high, 

lofty. -^^ a lofty stone, 

an erect stone. — cdoD (258) 

rice not broken by pounding. 
^asj nidipa, see n:^^. 
^floJJJ^, ^^^^ nidiyuni, nidi- 

pini (r"^), ^'- ^- To wash. 

^ofi_ to wash the face. 
^:^o nidu, adj. Long, tall, high. 
f):203 2j6 niduinbare, s. Barracks ; 

also S)tiO320OTJ. 

Siriosj, niduppa, s. Tallness, 
length. 2. see ^^^ 

^zs-^asOj, ^4<iC3j, ^jfr^ nidda- 
ditaru, nidyaru, nidyedi, s. A 
kind of small lish. 

^c^, nidpa, .y^i? »^- 

^jfl nine, ^t'^ s>?2. 

^3oEJ nitamba, i-. The buttocks. 
2. a mountain side. 

^J>ori nitin^a, adj. Strong, hard. 
2. serious, dangerous. —Tjo^ri 
a serious illness. 

^3ot:i nitinja, .s/?c' ^?3o3;. 

^I^s^ nitteli^, .y^e? »^^- 

?i£n nitya, adj. Eternal, con- 
stant, perpetual, everlasting. 
2. daily, regular. —^zi~ daily 
expenses. — ^^r daily cere- 
monies. — ^^5)^.^ daily obser- 
vance. — ^?^ eternal life. — c2^ 
<soS^5^ daily and occasional. 

^£^4 nityatva, s. Eternity. 

^3?c^ s^ nityatme, s. The eter- 
nal Spirit, God. 

^sDnf^oJ^ nityananda, s. Ever- 
lasting happiness. 

^3^o?isp nityanitya, s. Eternal 
and temporal. 

^3e))r3 nitrana, s. Weakness, 
debility, adj. Weak, faint. 
assjrf a weak man. 

^z:ft, nidi^ipa, see r^:^. 

^ufz^iij'^ nidupuduni, see ^^ 

^di^rfj nidarsana, s. An e.K- 
ample, illustration, evidence, 

^<ZD7^ niddna, i'. Ascertaining 
the cause; the study of symp- 
toms with a view to trace the 
remote or proximate causes, 
as of a disease. 2. a work 
on pathology. 3. see n7s?j. 

^a nidi, see ~5. 

?iD niddhi, s-. Abundance, plenty. 
I_eoLr^ to prosper. 

^d nidpa, adj. Straight, up- 
right, erect, adv. Straightly, 
erectly. — eroc;^^ to stand 

^rS^zid'^ nidpuduni (^^5), v. a. 
To erect, set up, stay. 2. see 

^c3 nidre, s. Sleep, drowsiness. 

sleepy man- si^sj^S), — sdIjf-?) to 
become drowsy. — t1)^j>^^ to 

^d nidre 

^S^^ nidredpini (^^^S), v. n. 
To sleep, be asleep; to go to 
I ^^BF^ nidhana, s. Caution, deli- 
beration, calmness, quietness. 
2. slowness, dilatoriness. adj. 
Cautious, deliberate. 2. calm, 
quiet. 3. slow, dilatory. —^ 
^^rdrt a careful considera- 
tion, deliberate judgment. 
— A0^3 quiet disposition, —^ri^ 
slow motion. t^T^^jid^ care- 
fully, quietly, slowly. 

^^D^^^ nidliaiiipuni(»4ra»),^.rt'. 
To consider, examine care- 

^:p>^ nidhara, see ^)^^■d. 

^^nidhi, s. Concealed or buried 
treasure. 2. a receptacle, 
place of accumulation. — ^ 
■cSom an opulent man. 

^if^ nina, 5". The serum of the 
flesh. 2. the marrow of the 

(ifj nina, pro. [gen. of ^) Thy. 
^?3^A by or of thyself. ^)?iiS, 
S)^ci4 thine, 

^^ nine, s. A wick. 2. a very 
young fruit. 

?ij3o^ ninepu, see tt>A- 

^c^JS^ ninosa (»?^ ^^), Thy care 
or charge. 

tiST33^ nipati^, s. Ruin. 

^35t)^ nipata, s. Falling, coming 
down, alighting, adj. Irre- 
gularly formed, gram. ^)s:;s3d 
z5^rao interjection. 


^OJj niya 

^o^rs nipuna, adj. Clever, skill- 
ful, conversant. -^^ skill, 
proficiency in any art, etc. 

^^Jrl nipune, s. A clever man. 

^^|j niputre, s. A sonless man. 

^200^ f5 nibandhane, s. Order, 
mandate. 2. appointment, 

nibasuni, nibhlsuni, nibhayisu- 
ni, V. a. (r"iKTOoJ, ^i^p3c3, ^sp^ 
O30c3), To bear, endure. 2. to 
manage, sustain. 

^;i^r3 nibbana, see Dao^r®. 

^zpi)^?! nibhivane, s. Endu- 
rance, toleration. 2. under- 
taking, sustaining. 

^S^J3c3 nimaji,^. A Mussulman's 
ritual or form of prayer. 

QiC)o^, ?iOo|j,, ^^0^2, nimita, ni- 
mitta, nimitya, s. Cause, rea- 
son. 2. object, motive, pur- 
pose. 3. consulting stars, an 
omen, or fate-book. postp. 
For, on account of. — ^jse^ 
result of soothsaying. — nsoSo 
an astrologer, soothsayer. 
—^R^h^ to consult stars or a 

^^0^ nimisha, s. The twinkling 
of an eye, a second, instant, 

'^t>::>^t-:>'^ nimuruni (^>^o5), v.n. 
To become straight. 

^OJJS* niyaty, s. Restraining 
the natural appetites and 
passions; good morals or 

^D;ij niya 


^DD Eira 

?iOjja niyata, ^7.//. Checked, 
restrained, as the natural 
appetites and passions. 

riojo^o niyama, s. An agreement, 
contract, engagement. 2. a 
religious observance in gene- 
ral; voluntary penance. 3. a 
rule, law; cf. ^e^. 

^OJ:;o^ niyukta, adj. Appointed, 
ordered. 2. attached to. 

^OjJS^r^. niyoga, s. An order, 
command. 2. authority, ap- 
pointment. 3. occupation, 

^oSJS^h^^ niyogipuni (r^:i2-s?7.), 
7'. a. To order, command. 2. 
to authorize, appoint. 

(io*', ^^^ niri;i, nis^, prefixes 
implying Certainty. 2. nega- 
tion, want. 3. out, without; 
as: s-tJsiTO^ innocence; cS^jser^ 
blamelessness; ^^('cgs^ child- 
less ; ri^c^oTO undoubted. 

^do^ifi niranjana, adj. Immacu- 
late, pure, spotless. 2. ab- 
sorbed in. — ■ , ^-dcs;^ 
God, the immaculate one. 

^do^C nirantara, «^//. Continued, 
continuous, perpetual. 2. 
unimpeded, constant, adv. 
Ever, always, generally, fre- 

^ds^ nirak^, i". Current or fixed 
price. 2. assize or tariff. 

^d(S niradi, see oJeTiu. 

^drlcD^j niraparidha, .?. Inno- 

^d^Ds)p niraparldhi, s. An 
innocent person, adj. Inno- 
cent, not guiltv. 

^c!^ nirapu. i'. A' frame of 
boards, fitted with planks, as 
a shutter or a door. r^. 

^d5^ niravu, s. The anus; cf. t'^ 

^0?j nirasa, s. Want of flavour 
or passion. 2. dryness, want 
of juice, adj. Insipid, tasteless. 

^d;]do=ct)o nirahankara, s. Ab- 
sence of pride, humility, 
modesty. s:35os^5 a modest 
person, one without egotism. 

^Di)=3^5^?j, ^dd^d::;^^ nirakari- 
puni, nira'iarisuni (Sir^s^^o, ^i'3^ 
^BoJ), 7'. «. To transgress, 
disobey, disregard. 2. to re- 
ject, set aside, refuse, decline. 

^Di)^^!)^ nirakara, s. Shapeless- 
ness, absence of form. 2. 
censure. 3. denial, negation. 
adj. Shapeless, formless, o^uo 
?=st5 God, who has no mate- 
rial form. 

^cs-Sj* nirakh^, see r^^^. 

^D?23 niraji, -^. A kind of cloth 
with gold borders. 

^DD^o^niratanka, adj. Uninter- 
rupted, unmolested. 

^DDqjtt>3 niradhara, adj. Unsup- 
ported, unsustained. 2. poor, 
destitute. a^?D& a destitute 

^iTi)^ nirani, i". A kind of erup- 
tion on the skin, eczema. 

^CiJSJDDp niraparadhi, sec ^'^t^ 

?jdd nira 


^r!jr nirg-u 

^D^^o:;;j nirdmaya, adj. Well, 
halo, free from sickness. 

^DDOl^i)^ nirlyasa, 'idj. Easy, 

?iDe)0JjJi::5j nirayudha, adj. Unarm- 
ed, defenceless. 

^DT)rf nirara, sec ^-ct)o5v^. 

^dd4 uiravu, see ^"^4- 2. see ^xi4. 

^DDSl nirdse, s. Despair, des- 
pondency. 2, disappointment. 
—^h?i . to be disappointed. 
_^?^o^?) to despair. 

■^D'35! ojj nirasraya, ^t//'. Without 
refuge, asylum or support; 
helpless, destitute. 

;iD^^ nirasi, see ^x^^. 

ciDs)oo"3C! nirahara, s. Fasting. 

?jDv#f3J, ^dd=^^sjdI nirakshepa, 
nirakshepane, rt'^//'. Unquestion- 
able, unobjectionable. 

;.& niri, .^^6' ??a. 

^wP-a ^^ nirikshipuni (c^5?t>^oj), 
7'. (7. To hope, desire, look for, 

^0^=^ nirikshe, .v, Hope, expec- 
tation, waiting. 

^:^ddJ?'r,?r\ nirudyogi, s. A man 
without employment, a lazy 

aojcj niruddha, adi. Obstructed. 

^Z^r^ nirupa, s. A letter, epistle, 

representation in writing. 

^d nire, .s-. Neighbourhood; also 

^■6^-6. adj. Neighbouring, 

adjoining. _ ^?ao7^ a bad 



33o3o a neigh- 

^6^ nirepu, sec ts^^. 

^de;* nirelu, .y. A shadow, resem- 
blance. 2. shade, shelter. 

^ds^^ nirevuni (^^). v. n. To 
be ready ; cf. f^^4?j. 

^dJS?A nirog"!, s. A man who is 
free from sickness, a healthy 

^idJS^qinirodha, ^. Loss, destruc- 
^^ctFccI nirkande, s. A soft root. 
^^f'ct, nirkakke, .y. The sea-gull. 

^^Fcl nirkane, s. A small branch 
of bamboo. 

^i^CTF^P nirkanya, i". A water- 

^^CT^FosJ njrkunta, s. A post 
fixed in water. 

^^.FosJo nirkuntu, see o^^'^orono. 

^=s'jF2!^;j^ nirkujeluni (S)^of!3^), 

v. n. To curdle, coagulate. 
^ttOfs^ nirkutta, s. Dropsy. 

^^s'oFa^ nirkutti, J". The post of a 

^^JSrsi; nirkuve, s. A kind of 


"^T^^v nirg-ij, see ^.7(:>rrj. 

^rlFoqj nirgandha, ndj. Inodo- 
rous, without smell. 

^(iFSJo nirg^ama, s. Setting out, 
exit. 2. total loss or depar- 

^rJjFrs nirg-una, adj. Void of all 
properties. 2. destitute of the 
qualities incident to humani- 
ty. 3. having no good quali- 
ties, bad, worthless. 

^z^r nirja 


^^0J3r nirmu 

^ZiFTi nirjana, (rdj. Lonely, un- 
inhabited. — ^£?^, — s;s.^£o a 
deserted country. 

^LiFe; nirjala, a(f/. "Waterless. 

^fco^rsj nirjiva, adj. Lifeless, 
inanimate. 2. weak, help- 
less. 3. inactive, lazy. c"3i?r^ 
a dead bodv. 

^rs^cclo nirnaya, s. Resolution, 
determination. 2. certainty, 
positive conclusion. 3. settle- 
ment, final arrangement. 
— ^^j^a to resolve, settle, 

^rSFOSjJio^) nirnayisuni (^oeroao 
oJ), v, a. To resolve, decide, 

^:ir nirta, see ^^r. 

^CjFOjo nirdaya, s, Unkindness. 

^C3DF^r?o nirdakshinya, s. Dis- 
regard, want of attention. 
2. severity, strictness. 

^dJi^r^ nirdosha, ^. Blameless- 
ness, innocence. 2. freedom 
from blemish, adj. Lmocent, 
sinless. 2. unblemished. 

?i94)Fd nirdhara, s. Certainty, 
ascertainment. 2. determina- 
tion, resolution. 

^^i■5F^^nirnama, s. Extirpation, 

^cISFOSj nirnayi, s. An otter. 

^^'SF'j-) nirnala, s. The sixth 
Tulu month between Sep- 
tember and October. 

^cS"®?^® nirnali, s. A water-spout. 

^^Fds:* nirnirelu, . .y<?^ ^?5^-56. 

;i5JF£j- nirpattu, adj. Moist, wet. 
2. diluted. —^?5 diluted milk. 

^zj^c^j, ^ejFoCji?^ nirbandlia, nir- 
bandhana, s. Violence, oppres- 
sion, force, constraint. ~Ti:i 
^0^^ to constrain, or oppress. 

^200<^a nirbuddhi, s. Foolish- 

?)2:f. ^2^^ nirbe, nirbhe, s. A 
kind of oblation given to a 
priest. — 3i;^j^^ to prepare. 

^CjjFOJj, ^tp^Fa nirbliaj% nir- 
bhiti, s. Fearlessness. adj. 
Fearless, undaunted. 

5);::5ofcj nirmade, <2^'. Uncovered. 

^sJjF^nirmala, s. Purity, clean- 
liness, ad/. Pure, transpa- 
rent, pellucid, clear. 

^^j^Fr^ nirmaaa, s. Creation, 
manufacture, production, in- 
vention. — -rfo^o^Si to create, 
produce, invent. 

^OjF^ nirmita, adj. Made, in- 
vented. 2. fabricated. 3. 
artificial. — ^^-^^^ to produce, 

^Sj«-?-o^ nirmisuni ("-'^~!o),t'.(7. 
To create, produce. 2. to 
manufacture, invent. 3. to 

^;Jo:F?S nirmune, s. An appa- 
ratus for watering a field. 
adj. Blunt. 

^;joos^ do 0/^23 nirmurung-ele, s. An 
arrogant man. 

^SoJSFe; nirmula, s. Extirpation, 
eradication. — ^osjOv^oi to ex- 
tirpate, eradicate. 

;i;3j?^F nirmo 





^dJ3?F^ nirmoha, s. Want of 

affection or love. 
^oij'srrs niryana, s. Death, 

demise; final beatitude. 
^OF^ nirlajje, s. Impudence, 

^sS^F^ nirlepi, adj. Undefiled, 

untainted. 2, innocent, 

lidFoz^fS nirvancane, s. Sincerity, 


^dF2o?oJ^ nirvahisuni (^^fcoc3), 
z'. a. To manage, transact, 
sustain, effect. 

|isj9F^, ^Si)Fao nirvaka, nirva- 
ha, s. Management, power or 
ability to perform, execute, 
sustain, etc, ; also ^isssr. — c33o^ 
without power to manage, 
etc.\ unavoidably. 

■^iss'SFra nirvana, s. Nakedness. 
2. reunion of the soul with 
the deity, final beatitude. 

.^SSDFCJ, ^Df^dco nirvada, nirvi- 
vada, adj. Undisputed, un- 
questionable, unobjection- 

t^DF^ nirvisha, s. An antidote 
for poison. 2.the plant Cz/r- 
cuma ferumbet . 

^sSf nirve, see ^-^r. 

^sS^rci nirveda, s. Humility. 2. 
despair. 3. weariness. 4. i>ce 

tirJ"SFC^ nirsani, see ^-^^. 
^o nila, see t^. 

^oo nilam, s. Ballast. 2. the 
bottom of a vessel. 

^sjc^^d nilankara, s. Disfigure- 
ment. 2. ruin. 
^s;=CTd nilakara, see Ne;^-rf. 

^^=5^0^ nilakaru, s. Stretching. 
_^^^a to stretch out the 
forelegs, to scrape along the 

Qis^?ij| nilag-ade, s. Settlement, 
adjustment, conclusion, de- 
termination. 2. cessation, 

^2;sj), ^©"ss^ nilavu, nilavu, see 
^6^. 2. see ^cjb^. 

^£i€, ^€^^ nilike, nillke, adj. 

Full, replete. 
^€)^^ nilipuni, see ^)0o^^. 

^) ojdoh niluvang-i, s. A long coat. 

^s3 nile, s. The bottom, as of a 
well, elc.; depth, profundity. 
2. a secret, mystery, adj'. 
Firm, fast, abiding. 2. quiet, 
still, calm. — ^rfo^?) to be 
firm, steadfast. —Z^h?^ to be 

^dczS- nilenci, see ^^ozi. 

^s3^ nileppu, s. State. 2. pos- 
ture, station. 
^?3d) nilevu, s. Balance, arrears. 

2. standing, residence. 
^254c^ nilevuni (^«3), v. n. To 

be steadfast. 
^s^'S,^^ nilkavuni, c. v. {of Sje^o^ 

oi) To cause to peep. 2. to 

cause to reach. 
^oo,^ nilkuni {?^^^, ^. n. To 

peep, look slily, get a glimpse 

of. 2. to reach. 


?id nilke 


^^ nishka 

^6, nilke, see ^s3^. 

;j^itl nilgade, J^^ ojOazs. 

^^0, nilpu, s. A pause, stop, 
interruption. 2. stay, dura- 

t^^dd^^ nilpuduni, c.v. {of a 
e^OxSi) To put a stop, cause 
to stop, make stand. 

^-^0^^ nilpuni (^^), ?'. n. To j 
stay. 2. to cease; to become 

^^■3dj^ nillavuni, see ?;e/3g4^. 


^dsr?g nivartane, s. Cessation. 

2. remission, forgiveness. 
^^s)C3, ^533^ nivaji, nivadi, see 

^;j5rfrl nivarane, ^. A remedy. 

2. averting. 3. deliverance. 

4. prevention. 
^Z5^^ nivasa, i-. A habitation, 

dwelling. [tant. 

^S3D^ nivasi, s. A citizen, iuhabi- 
^s:s§ nivali, s. Taking away 

the effects of evil eyes. 
^;3^°v^?i, ^s-D'^?ov^ nivalipuni, 

nivalisuni (-^^"^, ?:>^'^^), r.a. 

To take away the effects of 

evil eyes. 
^^>,^ nivrutti, s. Cessation. 2. 

abandoning. 3. repose, rest. 
^^^d>^ nivedana, s. An offering. 

2. an address. 3. informing. 
^^ nisa, s. Inebriation, intoxi- 
cation, —^jnfS an inebriate 

^3i;e^6 nilacare, s. A fiend, 

goblin. 2. a night-walker. 

^37:5), ^3"3^ nisani, nisane, s. 

A mark, sign. 2. a flag, 

standard, banner. 
pb nisi, see Si^. 

^^^0 nisin, adv. Together with, 

^£iJSa nisudi, s. A bill of acquit- 

^fi nise, s. Night, midnight. 

'^t.'^F niskarsha, see ?^AjA^- 

^2} oij niscaya, s. Certainty, as- 
certamment, positive conclu- 
sion. 2. resolution, determi- 
nation. — sscso^s; a present of 
betel, etc., at the settlement of 
a marriage, —^^co uncertain. 
-■rfo^-<o^^. s^ 03j?i^c^ to resolve, 
settle, determine; to ascer- 
tain. — •^^of^^jsLrc'i to prove. 

'^p_^ niscala, s. Firmness stabi- 
lity. adj. Firm, steady, fixed. 

'^hoi, niscinte, .y. Ease, freedom 
from care or anxiety. 

'^h'i niscita, adj. Determined, 

"^h^i^ nistika, see ^)?i£^^.- 

?is;2j nissabda, adj. Noiseless, 

still, quiet. 

l^^ti nishiddha, adj. Prohibited, 

^^^qi nishedha, s. Negation, 

prohibition. 2. the negative 

mood, gram. 
^^3J£J nishkapata, s. Sincerity. 

adj. Frank, sincere. 
^^djr? nishkaruua, adj. Pitiless, 

cruel, harsh. 

^^ nishka 



^^ej nita 

^^,^r, ^^^F nishkarsha, ni- 
shkarshe, s. Determination, 
settlement. 2. certainty. 

^3lejO0^, ?i^^o^* nishkalanku, 
nishkalanku, adj. Irreproach- 
able, spotless, unblemished. 

Jis^id, ?i^J3 d nishtura, nishtura, 
adj. Cruel, harsh, severe, s. 
Harshness, severity. 

^^ o3j3^2ii^ nishprayojana, s. 
Uselessness. adj. Useless, 
vain, bootless. 

^3l^sj nishphala, adj. Fruitless, 

^TiliF nisarga, s. The natural 

cirj-s^ nisani, see ^>-35^. 

ci^Q^^ nistaripuni (^^s), v. a. 

To endure, bear, sustain. 2. 

to cross or pass over. 
^fiJ^'^ nistuka, adj. Critical, 

serious, as the turn of a 

Si^ofi nissang^a, s. Separation. 

2. seclusion, retirement, 


?i?ooh nissang'i, s. A man who 
mortifies himself to the world, 
a recluse. 

c^^os^Fj nissantana, adj. Child- 
less, issueless, heirless. — £? 
^s> to die childless; to be 
ruined, annihilated. 

ti;^oj3^3o, ^i;;jo5^ojo nissandeha, 
nissamsaya, s. Confidence, adj. 

cirj^.C nissara, s. Worthlessness. 
adj. Sapless, pithless, dry; 

worthless, —^jtsno unfertile, 

barren land. 
^7ij ^ nissuni, see ?io3i&sSc^. 
^=5^000 nikshaya, see ^^cdo. 

^=^^3J nikshepa, s. Hidden or 
buried treasure. 2. a deposit. 

^?oC3e)y nindata, s. Swimming. 

2. floating. 
^^oC3e)5^^ nindavuni, e.v. [of S)eo 

cii^) To set afloat. 2. to 

cause to swim. 
^^oCoJ^ ninduni (?i?cS), v. n. To 

swim. 2. to float. 
^^=5*00^00^ nikaliyuni (^i?^e5), v.a. 

To peep. 
^^^g^s^^ nikavuni, c. v. (of ^?3^o^) 

To grin. ^jse2— to show the 

teeth, as dogs, monkeys. 

^^^0^ nikuni (^>e^), v. n. To 
appear, as the projecting 

^(°rij^ niguni, see jSatjosj. 

^^z;^ nica, adj. Mean, low, base, 
vile, abject. — fesB low caste. 
~^^^ _s^ meanness, baseness, 
vulgarity. — ^t^^jsS) a mean 
man. —z^^Ti a mean, vulgar 

^^2^3"3^f^ nicatadane, s. A kind 
of beating. 

c^r-^^c^ nlcuni (f^?''^), ^'. n. To go 
through, pierce. 2. to extend ; 

of. ^)?orfO?). 

^^2l nice, J'. A mean fellow. 2. 

a demon so called. 
^^y nita, «^". Long, extended, 

high, upright. 

2. straighti 


c^e&J^ nita- 


^^D* nir^ 

direct, ^ri— lengthwise and 
crosswise, zigzag; confound- 


^i^ejs^^li nltaniti, adv. Straigbt- 
ly. 2. lengthwise. 

^e^4^ nitavuni, c.v. (o/^^^^ 
^) To cause to stretch, length- 
en, eU.; also ^?tro4^- 

^^eio nitu, see w?y. 

^^yo^, ^^c^j^nituni,niduni(a?0, 
rJ?S), v. a. To stretch out or 
forth, hold out, lengthen. ^^- 
to stretch out the hand, 

^^^ niti, s. Morality; righteous- 
ness, justice, equity. — ^?5 
injustice, iniquity. — :^^r 
morals. — c^oSj, ~Tic^ a just 
man. — ^irercdo justification. 
—zjstd a just word, moral 
saying. — £?.^?v^ moral teach- 
ing. — -rfj^A." the way of 
righteousness, upright con- 
duct. —^^ moral philosophy, 
ethics. —Ti^'i essence of mora- 
lity; a treatise on ethics. 
—00?^ immoral. 

^^^or\ niting-a, sec ^§oa. j-oj^g. 

^^.Sozj nitinja, see ^^.Bh^^ U7ider 

^^0' niru, s. Water, -^ri^ a 
water jar. —^^ a whale. 
— erosgiF a water bubble. — Sj^^i 
a?-5j3?^-'o furrows between a row 
of plants, eic, for watering 
them. —^c£,^a a water snake. 
— o'^^ a sea-gull, shag. — tfjs?Q 
a water-fowl. ~^%^ a kind 
of cake. — £?4) a species of 
yam. — 5t;-5 a falling stream 

of water. — cracSj a water- 
carrier. — ^c32 poison in 
water, miasma. —-^osj an 
otter. — s.^S, _^?5 perspira- 
tion ; fatigue. — sirJ a drop of 
water. ~z:^6, ?::)oz^f6 fixed 
hire for watering rice fields. 
55^0— a mode of watering rice 
fields, coss^— salt water. <ot§^— 
fresh water. ^or®— tears. 
^orf?5 "^^^ to weep, shed 
tears, t^^isj- sea water. 3^'oa_ 
yellow w^ater. t?39— cold 
water, ^j^^o- brackish water. 
^e9_, ^^_ sweet water. 
4€—, 4^— clear or filtered 
water, ps"^-- rain water fall- 
ing down from a roof, ^eo 
^cido— muddy water. . ^^— 
hot water. ^Jeci6- putrid 
water. ■Sooso— sweat ; urine, 

—©aorfOO^), —ZrJ)SiO?i^ _?;o7JooS> 

to leak, ooze. -e?E:S) to melt, 
dissolve. — Sje'os* to water a 
rice field. -^y:),s» to turn the 
course of water on a land. 
_=^^5i:S), —^jsD^oi water to boil. 
— =^os?a;osi to water, —^o'dooi 
water to be very hot. — '^^ 
ocire^oi to squirt, spirt. —7^-^ 
^ oi water to run down. —^^ 
j^Si to sprinkle water. —^'^ 
ixoos), —tvaix)^ water to be- 
come clear. -©?;s^ to water. 
-aoLfi lif. to lay water; 
c. dat. to involve one in diffi- 
culties; to ruin. — zi^^^ 
water to flow. -j^oWo?) water 

^?rf nira 


fjort nu^a 

to wrinf? out. -^osio ?) water 

o go- 

to dry up. -200.^^ to irrigate 

or water, as a field. — -rfjA^cS, 

— -dra^^, ~--^l^j?i to draw water 

from a well or tank. —&:>^ 

oi to pour water. frinffe. 

^ecio^l nirande, s. A small sy- 

^^c=^J5^o:3 nirakolambe, .y. The 

damp or swampy ground. 
^^drlo^ nirag^ulle, s. A bubble. 
^^uSd niraja, s. A lotus. 

^^de3, ^^d(a nirata, niradi, s. A 
water plant, Pistia stratio- 
tes ; also ^o^Xc-R. 

-^^67i:>^ nirasuli, s. A whirlpool. 

^^ds? nirale, ^. Butter-milk dilut- 
ed with water. 

^(^D^y nirata, i". Bathing for 
sport. 2. see ^)e^y. 

^^dj^jCi^ nlruppadu, s. Green 
fruits pickled in salt-water. 

^^do^ nirulli, s. Onions. 

•ti^^^oFceJ nlrkunta, see si^orcy. 

^t^^^-^f^oeJj nirkuntu, i'. Water- 
proof cloth. 2. a small piece 
of clotli put on in mourning. 

^^T5^or|jj nirkutta, s. Dropsy. 
— c33cSo a man suffering from 

?i^?2r62:^ nirnireliji, s. Water 
poured on a corpse, a funeral 
ceremony. ^thin. 

ti^3Jr^« nirpatu, adj. Watery, 

'^^^DTo^ nirpalu, see under ?i?5. 

^^SjOoF^Ojj nirmuttu s. An in- 
ferior kind of pearl. 
.^?^ nila, s. Blue colour. 2. the 

sapphire; also ?^^.^'^^^. B.see 
?)?«5. adj. Blue, dark blue. 
—20003, —tjc^f blue colour. 
^^t)^o^ nilakauthe, s. The blue 
necked Siva, 2. a peacock. 

^^e;AS nilagiri, s. A blue 
mountain ; the Nilagiris. 

^^ej^oSdf^ nilanjana, s. Blue vit- 
riol. 2. a small lamp. 

^^0 nili, s. The indigo plant. 
2. blue colour. — srff^^tomock 
at. — 3rf^_o^^ to become blue. 

^(°s3 nile, s. One of the monkey 
chiefs, 2. the planet Saturn, 
— tfj5o5 a dark or black fowl, 

^ori nunga, see ^^ioax 

^oTY^^'^ nuno'avuni, c. v. (of 
noo AOr'i) To get dried, cause 
to dry. 

^criGnurigu,^'. A species of mite, 
tick, which infests cattle. 

FiOorij^iiung'uni (nooa), v.a.k.n. 
To dry up, become dried; 
also cJOOAOdJj§|5eE3S). 

cSoof^23^ nung-elu, s. Drying, adj. 
Dry, dried. —'^::>o'i}i:i a dry 
cloth. — sje)^ dry fish, salted 
fish. —t''Z) dry ground. 

fl)=^odo'?i nukuduni, see ?ioAOT3o?). 

fio^o.^ nukkuni (?^-i^^), v. a. To 
bruise; of. ?^oa^^. -u.n. To 
decay, rot. 

fisA^a nugi;idi, see ^)Ka. 

^r! nu^a, s. A yoke. 

fliril nug-ate, see ^oXoi, 

fl)/isirl nug-apane, s. The joint- 
piece of a watering machine. 

^.r\ nuo^i 


^6 nure 

^or^^J) nug-ipuni {^^f^), v. a. To 
fill up, as a pit. 

jvOhoJ.o^ nugiyuni (>"''■), "'. «. 
To be filled up. 

?^jrS^do?i nug^uduni (?:'oa-:5), z'.n. 
To labour. 2. to become 
rich ; c/. ^i^oaot^o^. 

F^orlji nugute, .y. A dot over a 
letter, as in Persian. 2. 

rlirlj^^ nugupuni (>J/^^), t-. <2. 
To throng, press. 2. to ac- 
cumulate. 3. to loosen. 4. 
to fill up; c/. ^o7\3i^. 

F^orioCj^i nuguruni (?ioAo5), v. a. 

To loosen, slacken, make 

njAc^oj^ nug-giyuni (^■^\), v. a. 

To press, r. ;^ To be filled 

NorJj nuggu, ^^'. Small, little; 

also ^^AJ. 


^of\ ^^ nuggelyi, s. Smallness. 

cJjrJo nuggru, see >oao . 

fl)2^ , c->^wcj nucci, nuccu, see ??.^eJ . 

cio':^^, N^H-^^ nujji, nujju, i". A 
contusion, bruise. 

toJ^ nudi, s. A word, speech, 
saying. -513^ an oracle, 
as uttered by a demon-dancer. 
oSosij^:^ the counter-part of 
a deed o;' document, ^'d— 
conduct and speech. 

coo^Sje)5^^ nudipavuni, c. v. {of 
f^oa^c") To cause to speak, 
speak through another. 2. to 
play on a musical instrument. 

Fio^^^ nudipini (^•^^), v. a. To 

speak, talk. 
Fioaoj-oj) nudiyuni {^^^), i'. n. 

To pronounce, utter. 
^j^ nuppu, s. Boiled rice. 

f3o«^^ nuppuni ('^-^), "'• a- To 

ci)L;j nubbu, adj. Mouldy, 

musty. —iji,7(b ?je/3O30 musty 

split dholl. 
rl)S^ nurige, s. The drum-stick 

tree, Hyperanthera moringa. 

c^oOsO* nuritelu, i". Bruising. 

2. chips. 
^S53i)dj^ nuripavuni, ^. v. (of 

?io5;g^) To cause to crush. 2. to 

press into a hole. 
^JD^^ nuripuni (^^5), z'. «. To 

break, powder, granulate, 

f^oDoJj.^ nuriyuni (?^J&), ?'. ?z. To 

break, go to pieces. 2. to 

decay; also ^o&5^e^^)- c:;o5a 

j^rfodj a broken heart. 
j^jdooijo nuruntu, see ^oo-docyj. 
j^oOJceij^ nuruntuni, .yi;?^ ^orJoo 

f^odoosS nurumpe, j-. A hole; cf 
7\oc-£,r. —ijsotio^ to make a 

?^odoo200 nurumbu, s. Alluvium; 
wood-dust; iron-rust. r^. 

^jdJoZJj^ nurumbuni, see "rfocaw 

f^odJF^odj nurunuru, s. A crack- 
ing noise; cf jiTjoXo-dc. 

f^jd nure, s. Foam, froth, scum. 
—scoAoi! a small kind of fish, 

Fiv D nure 


^^, nekki 

— 53'do^ to vomit froth. — "rfoc 
^:>^ to foam, froth. 

Fjj65D03j nurekayi, ^. The soap- 
nut, Sapindus cmarginatus. 

^:y67 nurka, adv. Suddenly. 

?oa^5^2.'* nurkall^, s. A kind of 
pebbles found in rice. 

?^j=CTjr^) nurkuni i^^^'^')-, v. a. To 
press on. 2, to elbow, push, 
j^ make way. 

j^orior^ nurguni (?^oKr), v.n. To 
pass over. 2. to sprain. 3. 
to decay; also ^OAO^rfo^e-^o). 

f^jF^r nurge, see jToSt^. 

f^o3ro?1 nurtinge, s. A malicious 
or spiteful man. 

fiosFoh nurtengi, s. A climb- 
ing shrub, Bryonia scabrella. 

ti::it':^'<f nurtel^, see TtSb^^. 

Foj^!^;:), Fjjo^rdj^ nurpuni, nur- 

puduni, see ?^oa^a. 
?ios;j5^?i nurluni (J^o^r), ^/. ^. To 

wind up, fold, shrink. 
j^.3 nuli, s. A bit, fragment. 
fojSoJjj^ nuliyuni (?jJ«5), t'. ;z. 

To be broken, shattered. 
jdjro02;o nusulu, see ooriooo. 
f^JSorij niingu, ^^'^ ^ocao. 
?:;j3^3^=a' nukataka, ^. Fighting. 

NJS=ao^ nukuni (f:'.^^), ■z/. ^. To 

thrust, push. 2. to reject. 
?^^^^?i nutavuni (^jsSto), 7-. a. 

To show. 
^JSafd nutana, (2<://'. Fresh, new, 

recent, s. Newness, freshness. 
f^JSa^ nutra, adj. All. 2. a 


^J3J^^ nudane, num. adj. The 

fgJSrfo nudu, num. A hundred. 

F^JSF^o nunate, see ^ji^^i. 

?^J3^^ nupuni (^^^■a), v. a. To 
spin, twist, string. 

?!J3^d nupura, s. An ornament 
of the leg, foot-ring. 

?oJ2dj^ nuruni (f^JsS), r. 72. To 
creep in, enter with diffi- 

?ojas,o nulu, s. Thread, yarn. 
^oio~ fine thread. ?icr0_ thin 
or short thread. — ?:^4» to 
spin, — :rfJorfjr"a to spool. — ?jo 
^^i to twist thread. 

?^JSelJ3caO nulodu, ^. A spindle. 

^^t, nrupe, ^. A king, sovereign. 
^^zisr!,^ a royal throne. 

^e)^' ^e)^'S ^^^^*^' nrutya, .y. A 

dance; dancing. 
^of\ (-fOoT^) nenge (-enge), 

postp. Till, until, as long 

as. Sic— till one comes. 

^^^— till it is done. 

^oeir^?^ nentastige, .y. Relation- 

?So^3 nente, s. A relation. 

^0^ nempu, see 'At^. 

f2=CT, fS^S neka, nekki^, {contrac- 
tio7i of f^c£^) To or for this. 

c3=^6, ?2=5^D*' nekkare, nekkar^ji, 
s. The plant Melasfoma 
vialabathrica. ?2o— a kind 
of grass. 

i^h. nekki, s. Five leaved chaste 
tree, Vitex trifolia . "^ a— F^V^a; 

F^r-, nekki 

negimdo. ©cc:?_, ^?5— Clero- 
dendrwn inernie. —^^s\ its 
leaves, used by Koragar 
women for clothing, and by 
some other castes for certain 

^■S-,5;*sJd, nekkilupadpe, s. A 
variety of Amarantus. 

cS/iri neg-ada, adv. Near. 

cSriui, jC/itI neg-adi, neg-ade, s. 

Cold in the head, catarrh. 

_3j;^^ to catch cold, 
t^rls^ negattu, ^. Overflowing, 

368 th> ^etti 

^ris:*doorO neg-ilijiniillu, see t^'K 

running over. 

^rio^^ negapuni (?2^), v. n. To 
overflow, run over. 2. to 
ooze. 3. to perspire. 

tJ\Tf negaru, s. Loitering, 
lingering, as a sick person. 
2. a sea-animal, the vehicle of 
Varuna. 3. a whirlpool, ed- 
dy. — ^^^^ to be caught in 
a current. 

f^T\'Qf\ neg-arig-e, ^. Lingering. 

^ridj^ neg-aruni (^^5), v. n. To 
linger, loiter. 2. to procrasti- 

?5r(rf) neg-avu, see ^a^. 

^rtv^ neg-ahi, s. An alligator, 

crocodile. 2. see ^a5. 
^A neg-i, j-^^ ^'^. • 1. see ?-i^^. 

^(■^^5) neg-ipuni (^'^^), ^'. ^. To 

leap, jump, spring up. 2. i"^.; 

^7x^^. jStnS ^^e;o ^ to sew 

^hOjjo^ negiyuni (^?'^), i\ n. To 

rise, come up. 

^A neggi, J". Shyness; shame. 

Full, complete. 

c2e7\ nett^, (^^^z-. of £.dc:SS) In 
this, herein. 

^'t}j\ nettage, adj. Straight, up- 
right, adv. Straightly; pro- 

f^ij^z^ nettalige, s. The ground- 
floor of a storied house. 

?3U netti, see t^. 

fSaJo, nettu, s. A deep breath. 
c^^.o^ nettelu, ^^^ s-B,^. 
cSdo^o* nedankii, see SjtTic^. 
f^do'^d^ nedankuni, see S)c^o^os>. 

fS^ nedi, ^^'. Long; c/. ^iS. 

— #jso<yo a long stick, pole. 
?3^^^, ?2S^^ nedipini, nedipuni, 

see oiSaixjSi. 2. .y^^ ^^^• 
^^23* nedilii, 5. A kind of bush. 
^Za^ neddi^ (addr. of ^.-^5), 

From this, herefrom. 
?2dj. ^ nedpuni, see ^A,o>. 
j^tl nene, j^^ oi?i. 2. .y*?^ s^w. 
CO 3jj netta, {abbr. of^o^^) Of this. 

^3^ netti, s. The forehead; the 
crown of the head. 2." the 
front, vertex. 3. a whirlpool. 
4. cracking the fingers. 5. the 
tender stalk of fragrant screw- 
pine. F:^ciO— top, vertex. —5^ 
^s> to crack the finders. — ?io 


,s> to crack the fingers. 

to make the fingers 

^3, netti 


^D neri 

f.^'^od nettikande, s. Dysen- 
fS|^ nette, sec ^o£^; c/. ^B^. 

?2|gO^ netteriji, i'. Blood. ^^r£^5 
clotted blood. —^ ^ja^e;, _;::; 
^^e'S'o^ a stream of blood. —Tio 
^o4 consanguinity. — ^Qodoo^ 
to bleed. —ao^Sj to shed blood. 
—ditj^^ blood to run out. — 3:^0 
©0^ to menstruate. — ^'s?^^^ to 
have bloody stools. 

^^j^sj nediapa, see S)^. 

fSd nede, .y^^ ^^. 

?Sf^^ nenapu, see ^^4- 

^F^5oS# nenavarike, see ^^-^^-R. 

^^is,Z2:>^, nJ^oo^ nenetonuni, 
nenepini, see cScSsgS). 

^fj^ nenepu, s. Thought, inten- 
tion. 2. remembrance, recol- 
lection, memory. oSoc^ ^3^5^ 
•^^ I do not remember. —^ 
&ra^4^> to remind, bring to re- 
collection. —■rfo^o\ Si to remem- 
ber, recollect. 

(2n3^^ nenepuni (^f^), v.n. To 
think, imagine, mind, reflect, 
intend. 2. to recollect, re- 

(S^sj&ri nenevarige, s. Remem- 
brance, recollection; recogni- 

cSsi nepa, see f^^^s- 

cSoJjsJo neyama, see ^cdo^. 2. 

see ^°rid- 
rSoSo neyi, s. Clarified butter, 

ghee; grease, fat. 
c2o5onj)6 neyigare, s. A weaver. 

cSoSjt^ neyige, s. Weaving. 2. 

?So30oo^ neyipini (^-■"^■^), v. a. To 

weave, plait, braid. 
(5cOj3Jo3 nayipanti, i-. A smooth 

kind of grass, soft straw. 
c2o3o^oo0 neyimuli, J'. Soft grass. 
^o5o;3j neyime, <a:<r^'. Fine. — ^ooyo 

a fine cloth. 
j^oSos:* neyil^, s. A peacock. 
c^oS^^o^ neyiluni (^oso), v. n. To 

fade, as a bunch of cocoa- 
nut. 2. see ^°^:>^. 
fSoSo^ neyisre, s. A cloth used 

for cleaning an oilmill. 
c^Ojjo^ neyuni (S-oj'), e-. a. To 

weave, as a spider. 
^cdjg neyya, see ^j^ccro. |-^^^^_ 

cooSjSo ^neyyoli, ^. A tender palm- 

(Sd nera, see ?y3. 

cSdcl nerade, i". Abuse, bad 
language ; nickname. — ^ S3^ 
^ abusive language. 

f2d^ nerapu, .Ji?^ "jtj^. 

^ds^r^r^ neravanige, see ^ori^-R. 

fScs^ neravu, s. The privities of 
the male sex. 

^Q neri, ^. A fold or gather in 
clothes, wrinkle, crease ; also 
jSS/R. —tjscB^cSj an upright 
man. —ti^^^ to gather into 
folds. — -dos^ij^oi to fold; to 

F^uCJoo^, ^u4ci neriyuni, nere- 
vuni(we, f.^)^ v. n. To he Ml. 
2. to assemble. 3. to be at- 
tached. 4. to be in coihi. 

^6 nere 


?:€) neili 

^6 nere, see f.i5. j-^^^ 

?2d2;^, j56s^ nereli^, nerelu, see 

j:2sr nerta, «^". Straight. 2. true, 
^^■z'. Straightly. 2. truly. 

fS^rdo nertama, .y. Straight 

(^sjjF^ nertruni, j"^^^. 

?§sircl, ?SsJrr3, ?253«)Fei nerpade, 
nerpani, nerpata, see f^^iS. 

N^JDrd,^ nerpavuni, c. v. (of'^tF 
^) To cause to abuse. 

f?^^^ nerpini (^^), t'. <^. To 
abuse, revile. 2. to give nick- 
names, [reviler. 

^s5fs3 nerpele, ^. An abuser, 

cSe^F nerbe, see ois^r. 

f5^)0F^ nerluni, see Ti^^:>^. 

?5s3f nerve, see f.^Sor. 

c2s:^oL'o^ nelyntuni, see if cyor^. 

^^ nela, s. Earth, soil, floor, 
ground. 2. bottom. — aCj, 
the foundation of a building. 
— az§, j-(f^ f^ejAzf. — 5t:;)U an 
earthquake; c/. ^jss^oz). —-rfre 
^/^ a ground floor, cellar, 
— cTOcS bottomless. — ^j^::i55,ra 
to curse, im- precate. —^:^ 
T:^djr^ to bury. 

rS^^cZa nelakanci, ^. The plant 

Naregamia alata. 
t'^'^'d^ nelakadale, s. The 

ground-nut, Arachis hypo- 

f!t>=CTd nelakara, s. Fertility of 

t^^^-t nelakale, .y. A mai-k on 

the ground. I.sce w^AtS. 

c5^ue5D* nelakaru, see ^tj^z5. 

cSs;^Ds3 nelaliale, s. Palsy affec- 
ting on one side of the body. 

t^sj^ooZJ^Ci nela'iumbuda, s. The 
\egeta.h\e Bala^as panieiilala. 

^vr\d nelagade, see ^sX^. 

cS^^Ddri nelanalige, s. A medi- 
cinal plant. 
^ofS^C nelanekkare, see ^^^S. 
^^^€) nelanelli, s. Phyllanthus 


madcraspatensis, P. niruri. 

^^ss'asS nelapale, s. A kind of 

^"O'Uj'^t nelabasale, s. The spread- 
ing hogweed, Bxrhavia dif- 
fusa, [gentian. 

fSs^c!^^ nelabsvu, s. A sort of 

^y^jocrf nelamunda, s. A kind 
of fern, Ciircidigo orcliioides. 

cSsjsJooaJ s^ nelamuccili^, s. A 
kind"6f medicinal plant. 

^e->?dosjo5jnelasampayi,.y. Kamp- 
feria rotunda. 

c2s3 nele, see r-°i. 

j3s3oZcr nelenci, s. Dysentery. 
— ^??;r^ to have dysentery. 

jSsSo'iJo^ nelentuni, see ^fciio?i. 

nC=^^ nelekale, see jSe^^d 

rSt^-^c^J^ nelpuduni, e. z\ {of ^ 
<yj;^N) To hang. 

^^)j ^ nelpuni (^^), v. n. To 
be hung, suspended. 

jSO nelli, s. The emblic myro- 
balan, country gooseberry, 
Phylanthus emblica. t~^^^ 
pickle made of emblic myro- 
balan. — -sS, its dried fruit. 

jg£i nelli 


jS^O neri 

?SS 3^rc3j nellirtaye, ^. A demon 
so called. 

?SsJ^ nevana, s. Pretence, pre- 
text, trick. -^^^ to make 
excuses; to pretend. 

^Zj^, ^^'-^ nevala, nevala, see 

^^^d>^ nevedya, see f^^^?-^- 
^Ti^o^ nesy.m,adj. Morning. -:2j?c 
20O the morning snn. 

fS^c*, ^^z,^ nesar^, nesali,i, ^. 

Seasoning, —"ij^hr?^, —sjsrfo^ 

to season, 
^T^^t'o" nesalu, ^. The forehead; c/. 

w?j5. — 2ori4 fate, fortune. 

^?i53, N?oS? nesale, nesale, s. A 
silly fellow. 2. a large, broad, 
frying pan; also s3?je3. 

foA;^^ nesipuni (^'^), i'. a. To 
press down, make tight. 

^^oi:i23"36 nendrabare, s. The 
Malabar plantain. 

^^(i nega, s. Beauty, nicety. 
adj. Beautiful, nice, fair. 

^25hS3* negiliji, s. Small caltrops, 
Tribuliis lanugiiiosus. ~-^:):> 
s^^o its thorn. 

^^23 neji, s. A nursling, young 
plant of rice, etc. — rf ^crf, 
— rf 3^^ a nursery. -^c^Si to 
transplant. — s^sr^Or'ito sow in 
a nursery. 

c2^l3 neti, see t^. 

fS^ra, ^^r?onena, nenu, s. A cord, 

rope; a bow-string. 
^^35)^ netata, s. Hanging; 

swinging. 2. entanglement. 

^^s-srij^ netaduni (n?3^5), 7'. «. 

To be pendent, to hang, swing; 

to depend. 2. to be involved 

in difficulties. 
^e^ netra, s. An eye. -t3j3?a 

?2^:^ doj^o,^^ netramukkuli, ^. A 

demon so called. 

(5p3'3,d«S netravati, s. A river 

so called. 
^^d^ nedya, i-^^ ^^^?^^- 
^^j^o nenu, see ???ro. 

?2^5GD^E^^Q^ nepalaber\j, s. The 
root of swallow-wort, Ascle- 
pias astlirnatica. 

Ne^j^ nepini, see fSoao?:^. 

j^^SjO nema, -5". The annual fes- 
tival of a demon. 2. see ^ 

with a demon 

cS^sJo=3^ nemaka, ^. Regulation, 
rule, law; determination, 
choice. 3. appointment, no- 
mination to a post. — •s:^o^-'o^?) 
to appoint, fix. 

fS^^j?oj^ nemisuni (^e^ooJ), v. a. 
To determine. 2. to appoint. 

cS^oij neya, sec d^odo. 

^505j neyi, see ^oao. 

rS^oSo?^ neyige, see ^osot^. 

cS^odoj^ neyuni, j-^^ n03oL^. 

^^oao?l neyisre, ^£'<J ^oao^. 

^^0 neri, ^^6' aa. 

(5eOo=a^e3^, ?S^0o€^r^6 nerinke- 
natti, nerinkepuo^ere, i". iV varie- 
ty of country tobacco. 

eJ 5 a priest seized 

?2^6 nere 

^^dnere, s. Straightness. 2. jus- 
tice, truth. 3. agreement. 
adj. Straight; just, true; 
even, like; thin, delicate. 

cS^uch nerengi, The name of a 
village. ~f^^,. see ^?5c^?i^,. 

^^6j^<l>^, ^e^JS^j nerol^, nerolu, 
s. The newel fruit, Syzigi 
jambolanum. &;o20>x- the rose 
apple, Jamhosa vulgaris. 

■^^dr nerde, adv. Early in the 

372 '^Si'd nocca 

mother's elder sister. -3 



(v^S.r nerme, adj. Fine, thin, 
delicate. — ci^oSo a delicate 

cgP2->, tC^5i;o?T nela, nelang\ji, s. A 
hanging rope. 2. a square 
piece of white cloth tied over 
a cradle, to divert or amuse 
the baby in it. —z:^':i:>r^ to 
hang a rope for drying 
clothes upon \i: fig. to make 
frequent visits. 

fv5!i->oh nelang-i, see under ^?2^^- 

c^^STiid,^ nelavuni, c. v. (o/^?^o^'j 
To hang, suspend. 

f!^£i neli, see ^''.^.^■ 

^^S^ nelike, s. Hanging, swing- 


^^■i^j^ neluni (^^-"5), v. n. To 
hang, be suspended; to swing, 
vibrate. 2. to hang on, stick. 

^^23 nele, see t^'^. 

(5^s> nelya, adj. Great, large, ex- 
tensive. — ssc?,, t^€,zt a long 
coat. — ^-^ uncle, father's 
elder brother, husband of 

aunt, wife of father's elder 
brother, mother's elder sister. 

fu^^So^^ nevaripuni (?^?^B), v. a. 

To fondle, caress. 
f:?^^ nevala, s. A silver or gold 

girdle worn round the loins. 
^^S^3 nevuri, i". A kind of cake. 
^^Ai nesa, s. Asthma. 
^5«? nele, see t'i'v. 
f5) nei, see j5oso. 

t.^-^^ neikuli, s. The tree 
^ . . . 
Wrightia tine t aria. 2. see 

?2,a'i3 neidile, s. The water-lily, 

rSi3j)r?p neipunya, s. Cleverness, 
fSiOl) neiya, adj. Soft. — r;;5ca5j 

the evening sun. 
M^^d^ neivedya, s. Food pre- 
sented to an idol, an oblation 
to a deity. 
doA* neisaran^-u, see ^os^ 

^J?or3, ^JSor^T^ nonna, nonnage, 

adj. Soft, nice. 
nJS=ctj,^ nokkuni (^-^^i), "'. <2. To 

stroll about. 
^Jlv. nokke, s. Sweepings, rub- 

bish. 2. the name of a woman. 

— ^jj-dS all rubbish. 
(5j3^s3 nokkele, s. A trifling 

or destitute man. 
j3J3ii noga, see f^o7(. 

^Jl2i nocca, see ^^ . 2. see ^o 

So- <»■ 

A 5. 

?Sj;,Zq; nocci 


^o&j«) nounta 

nJJ.Zci UOCCl, s 

Rice cooked with 
ghee, cocoanut, ek. 2. see 

^•&j. — f^T3 a leaf used for 

various ceremonies. 
fSjSs^j , ^Ji"^ noccu, nocce, adj. 

Minute. 2. light. 3. beneath 

notice, paltry. 
f^JSrs nonna, see N^sooa. 

cSjsoSod"' noyir^, i'. Whiting, lady- 
fish ; cf.'s^^. 

i^j^tu^ norad^, s. Rubbish. 

^jj6 nore, see no-5. 

:^Jt)Z)d nollu, .y. A kind of water- 

.^Jl^o^ nompu, s. Any meritori- 
ous act of devotion. 2. a 
festival, especially the one 
observed on the 14th day of 
the 6th lunar month in honor 
of Ananta. 

.^Ja^owonombu, s. Fasting among 
the Mohammedans; fast, pe- 
nance. fSj^oeooa to fast. 

?3js^^^, ??j3^=^j3^ nokate, noko- 
te, s. The name of a tree. 

^JS^s'o, ^J3^r!j noku, nogn, adj. 
Small; inferior. 2. bad. 

:^J35e3 nota, s. Sight, vision, 
view. 2. aim. — 7v)-3 a for- 
tune-teller; one who hits 
the mark. — ^l^o:^o fortune- 
telling; guess, surmise. ~7i6 
aiming. — ae?Jr% Ti^d ^ to aim; 
to hit. — 3331^05) to watch, 
look after. 

rSJS^ei-.' notice, s. Notice, inti- 

j3js(:ljj notu, s. A bill of ex- 
change; a promissory note; 
a currency note. 

^Si^dzix^, ?5js^cs^^^ nodadru- 
ni, nodavuni, v. a. To point at, 
show. 2. to rake up, stir. 

?2j5^(Se>^ nodilu, s. f^^^. 

^JS^fl none, s. Saliva, spittle. 

^JS^s^s^^ nopavuni, c. v. (of-^j^^ 
^?^) To cause to beat or strike. 

cSjs^oo^, ^J2^^^ nopini, nopuni 
(??jse), V. a. To beat, strike, 
flog, knock. 2. see ^jaeOsoL)^. 

^jti^^^j"E)o3j, N'^^dSd nopunaye, 
nopele, s. A beater, striker. 

^j^^oSo noyi, see ^;3?co. 

^JS^o^o^^inoyipini (^.Bjcrii^), v. n. 
To ache, pain. 

fSjS^Co noru, s. Freight, fare, 
hire. 2- see ^jsoaoS. _ aroiiosj 
fixed hire. 

"^sKi^t nore, .s-. A kind of water- 
plant. 2. a kind of tare. 
_;f4^^ to root out the tares. 

^ja^d nore, s. A kind of crane. 

?Sj5^Ci noli, 5^^ <^-5,2?e5. 

^i?)^©?N;d nolisara, ^. A species 

of aloe. Aloe litoralis. 
NJ3?ejo nolu, see Njset^o. 
^J5^5j nole, adj. Very sour. 

f3j2^^ novu, s. Pain, ache. 2. 

^J3^2o nohi, s. A meritorious 

act or vow. 
^ nou, adj. Naval. 

^o^D^^ nountavuni, c. v. {of 
■^Qk^:,?^^ To cause to pinch. 


^ciJo nountu 


NJScfj nyuna 

^csJo nountu, s. Pinching, 

^"^0^0^ nountuni (^ol3), v. a. 
To pinch. 

^"^0^ nountu, s. Squeezing, 
pinching, crushing. 2. chew- 
ing. —^^^^ to masticate, 
ruminate. — s?t^ to loosen 

^osj^ nountuni {^^^), v. a. 
To chew. 

^oS^) noumpu, see ^jaeoC). 

?j^oo^?j noumpuni (?^=), r. <3:. To 
chew. 2. to entangle. 

^5* nouka, ^. A ship. 

^sc!, c^ue)d noukare, noukare, 
i'. A servant. 2. a lascar. 

■^'d nouji, i". A spear, lance. 

rT^ej^ noutu ^^^ ?f3cwo. 

^^^cr^ noutang-^, i'. A weight 
equal to about three Rupees 
or one-eighth of a seer. 

^£Jj noutu, see ffacwo. 

fp<a noudi, s. Kubera's nine 
gems; also ji^aa . — ■rfjsrf^'n 
the imaginary gem on the 
head of a serpent. 

-^t^ noumi, see fi^^. 

^^j^ nouluni (?:"^^), ^'. n. To 
itch, be irritated. 2. to be 

distressed. 7. a. To covet, 
desire eagerly. 
^s;^o noulu, j". Longing, hope; 
cf. ^i^^o. 

^c'csl nyande, .y. One-sixth of a 


"^1)^ nyad^, s. Pain, aching. 

N'Sf OoO nyaya, .s-. Justice, equity, 
propriety, fitness. 2. law. 
3. logic. 4. morality. 5. 
quarrel. adj. Right, just, 
proper, reasonable, —r^-^ a 
logician; a lawyer; a quar- 
relsome man. — S?&^, — §?^f" 
a judgment, decision, verdict. 
— aSTj^, logic; a work on law. 
— ;^ cS a court of iustice, 
judgment seat. — ^a^S), —tI) 
^^^ to quarrel, fight, dispute. 

Frao033"3^djJi nyayadhipati, s. A 
judge, tribunal. 

^•SoSJ'^ nyavala, .y^^ j3e^^. 

c3e)c=j nyasa, .y. Abandonment. 
2. a deposit, pledge. 3. mental 
appropriation, accompanied 
with certain prayers and 

^j?or^ nyuna, adj. Blamable. 
2. less, deficient, defective. 

f3JS"?il nyunate, s. Defect, defi- 
ciency; omission. 

3J pa 


Zio"^ penca 

3j pa, The thirty-fourth letter of 
the alphabet. 

tio'S^ panki^, s. The hair about 
the privities. 

3Jo=5^ panka, s. A fan, pankah. 
2. mud, mire. 3. evil, sin, 

tio'uti pankaja, s. The lotus. 

sJo=5Brj' paiikasi;i s. Sprinkling. 

sjo-aej pankila, adj. Muddy. 

t,o^ pankti, see t,oi. 

sriciu pankha, see sjo^. 

sjori pano:a, see t,o^. 

sioric^ pangada, adj. Distinct, 
apart. s. A division, part, 
portion. 2, a group. 

sJort^o^^ pang-adipuni (s^caS), 
V. a. To straddle; to place 

sJohrfN paug-idana, see sraoT-^rf^i. 

sJortopangu, adj. Lame, cripple. 
s. A cripple. 

siorioo pangula, s. A horse of 
a silvery white colour. 2. a 

siorioO panguli, adj. Soft, slip- 
pery. 2. j-^^ E^oAOe?. -sBiitia 
soft word. 

z!,ozi panca, .y. A rice field. 2. 
a breed, sort, kind. o3ji§_ 
a good breed. Qti_ a small 

3Jo£^ panca, adj. Five, consist- 
ing of five. —^ five, made 
of five; a pack of five, as of 

sjoz^^zicdo pancakajTaya, s. An 
aggregate of five articles: 
dholl, gingely seed, jaggory, 
cocoanut and cardamoms, 
as an offering to Ganesa. 

sios^^o^r pancakurve, ^. A wick- 
er basket or box. 

sioz^ri^ o5o pancagajjeyi, see "^o-d, 

^di cdo. 

sjos^rl^o paiicagavya, .?. Five ar- 
ticles derived from the cow: 
viz., milk, curds, ghee, urine, 
and dung, mixed together 
and drunk as a means of 

5iod:^os pancatantra, s. A popu- 
lar book of fables in five 
chapters, containing stories 
illustrative of five qualities 
necessary to kings and great 

3Joz^^4 pancatatva, see tiotis^js^. 

sjos*^ pancani, s. A variegated 

3Joz^f2=ct,6, sJo3^^^, pancanekkare, 
pancanekri, s. A nettle creeper. 

3Jo2^sJ-S-^6 pancapakire, s. A 
pauper, vagabond. 

sJo2;^5Jjjpancapatre, s. The worm- 
wood plant. 

sJoe^o3'9oc^^D* pancapandaverij, 
s. The five Pandu princes. 

sJo2^S3«):^=CT pancapataka, see tiovi 


sjo^c panca 


3ioi5"3 panca 

^o'c^oj'^t. pancapatre, s. A small 
metal tumbler, cup, 

z^o'^^Dh paricapapi, see under 

sioziss'srs paiicaprlna, s. The 
five vital airs in the body. 

sJcE^e^Qpancabali, s. An offering 
to the five elements. 

tio'd'i^s^.t pancabhiita, s. The five 
elements: earth, air, fire, 
water, and ether. 

sJcc^^o pancama, adj. Fifth. 

3;o2^djOT"953-5):i^ pancamahapa- 
taka, s. The five most heinous 
sins: murdering a Brah- 
man, stealing gold, drinking 
spirits, seducing the wife of 
one's spiritual preceptor, and 
associating with a person who 
has committed such sins, ^o 
j^iioss^sstr, 3ic;25Sjcb one guilty 
of these sins. 

sJc2;$^Jt>o* pancamaly, s. The 
local market of a town. 

sjoz^^j pancami, s. The fifth day 
of a lunar fortnight. 

sJc2c;:;o:i3 pancamuihe, s. Siva 
with five faces. 

sdoz^sjjjs^ pancamula, s. A medi- 
cine of five ingredients. 

sJcz^Co r! pancaranga, see 3iot:^^r©r. 

sJos^cJs, pancaratna, s. A poem 
of five verses. 2. five princi- 
pal gems: diamond, emerald, 
pearl, ruby, and sapphire. 

sjc2^0c5jc* pancariyery, see t,o 

tjo'dtot\ pancareng-i, see -tz^^ot.. 

?io2tfe3j353o pancaloha, .y. The five 
chief metals: gold, silver, 
copper, iron, and lead; or 
copper, brass, tin, led, and 
iron. 2. a metallic composi- 
tion, bell-metal. 

sJoe^Sjr'iF panca varga, s. The five 
classes of letters in the al- 
phabet from ^ to ^:>. 

sioi^sjr^r pancavarna, s. Five 
colours: white, black, red^ 
yellow, and green. 

tiO'^'^^Vfiht pancavalibaccire, see 

s:;o^cSJ^d^ pancavadya, s. Five 
principal musical instru- 
ments: the lute, cymbals, 
drum, trumpet, and a kind 
of hautboy. 

^jo^5■^oii pancang-a, s. An alma- 
nac. 2. the foundation of a 

tjoXaz)hf\ pancatige, see xiotrooaoS. 

tjo'i^'Q'i, pancatma, s. The con- 

sjos^'s^'sci^ pancapadu, s. Dis- 
persion, scattering. 2. waste, 

sJG:5t)^os:^ pancamri^ta, .s-. The 
aggregate of five articles, 
used in bathing an idol : milk, 
curds, butter, honey, and 

^ctysoSjvB, sicz5D05oSr> pancayi- 
ti, pancayitige, s. Arbitration. 
2. an assembly composed of 
fivC(?r more persons to settle 
a matter by arbitration, ^o 

z!>oZ5'5 panca 




tTOOso^S arbitrators. — -^o^o^^) 
to settle by arbitration. 

3Jo:5^a panclli, see ^io^^^. 

sJoia^D^wz^ ij pancalibaccire, .9^^ 

sJots^^Q* pancdler^, .?<?£; ^oe^s? 5. 
3Joi5^2^3 pancasati, ^. Pentecost. 

sJoZ5^^ pancali, ^. A braggart, 
talkative man. 

sJoz^^^D* pancalerij, s. The five 
classes of artificers: gold- 
smiths, blacksmiths, carpen- 
ters, braziers, and masons. 
2. the name of a warrior 

.^oz§^oa^ojj pancendriya, s. The 
five organs of sense: the eye, 
ear, nose, tongue, and skin. 

siozS^D^ pancenj, ^. One-eighth 
of a maund, 3' pounds. 

sJos§\^D^ panceiveriji, see zios^oso 
i5 under ^o^3^o5JS. 

.?JoslJ3§ paacoli, s. A very pun- 
gent kind of betel leaf. 

-5io2d panja, s. The hand with 
fingers extended. 2. a repre- 
sentation of the same carried 
in procession at the Moharam, 
supposed to represent the 
hand of Ali. 3. the tuft of a 

■tiQ'iz panja, s. Scarcity. 2. 

3Jotio panjara, s. A cage. 2. a 

..3Jo23^d panjara, i'. A fritter. 2. 
a kind of amulet. 

3^023 panji, s. A pig, hog. 2. a 
torch. — '-3S5 a male bamboo, 
Bamhusa stricta. -^ootl), .y^,? 
3jo^. —-rfooo^osj, see rf^Sja 85. 
iD03j_, s^?o_, ^00^0^— a porcu- 
pine. ^rf<^— a porpoise. ^^— 
a hand-lamp. ^?- the country 

sJotiJ panju, s. A torch. 

sJotiJ©F paiijurli, .y. The name 

of a demon. 
3Jo^ panje, s. A kind of towel 

siob^ pantij, -y^^ ^^^• 

pandudij korpini, pandijikorpini, 

see under ^^s>- 

ing, wisdom, understanding. 

2. articles or things in gene- 
sjo^Jpandite,^. A learned man. 

2. a teacher. 3. a doctor, 

sio^p^ pandili, s. A musk-rat. 
sJo:|jSK)o?i paiidonuni, see sif^N. 
sjor^s^ pannavu («(53r. ^/ ^ioa 

?i^), .y^^ em^^r s^f^^)- 2. see 

sjcrs panni, i'^^ ^o^- 

sjcrl panne, .?. A bunch of plan- 

sjoclj-s^rl pannoli^e, s. A basket 
or wooden trough for draw- 
ing water. 

sjo^c- pannya, s. A comb. 

3jo3^ pantu, s. A trap. 

3Jos panta, ^. A purpose, vow, 

!o3 panti 


:20j pambu 

resolution. 2. a bet or wager. 

53,rfo?:;^^::i_ a manly resolution. 

—cusj^^ to be resolute. —^^ 

■^^ to bet. — ;5j3?s8^ to lose a 

wager. -^o-i^s&iici resolutely, 

positively, purposely. 
tioh panti, s. Grass. 2. a 

dauble nail. 
tiohtoT\ pantirengi, see ti'&-^ot\. 

sjo:^od pantura, see xioan:}. 

3Jol pante, i'. Aline, row, range. 
-5o*?j ^ to sit in a line. ■si) 
'^— the succeeding line of 
guests at a meal. 

s^oJjS'^eo pantoji, s. A school- 
master, teacher. 

sJoio pantye, J". A small lamp. 
^%^ mud lamps used at an 
illumination (2^5, aps;). 

odoqj pantha, j"^^ 3^°®- 

sicCcI pandade, s. Fructification, 
productiveness of a tree. adj. 

3:loc3^5^^ pandavuni, <:. 7-. (oft>o 
2-os>) To rock, swing, move, 
wave, shake, oscillate. 

3Jo£) pandi, adj. Reserved, cau- 
tious. — ^tj^jsn a reserved 

^JoSSpandili, J-. Akindofmouse; 

also rr'3 €[ cf. t,zTi.t. 

3iodo?i panduni (-c5), c n. To 
shake, be loose, wave, move, 
be agitated, oscillate, vibrate. 

Zjow^t) pandrali, s. A very 
talkative man. 

5^oq;-o:s'^DD7l pHdhuraliraga, s. 
The name of a tune. 

tjot^ panna, see --^). 

^ONo20w, sjof^ozjjdpannambara, 
pannambura, -i. Ambergris. 2. 
afi"ectation, ado. 3. mystery, 
mystification. — zlj^Ov^to make 
a mystery of anything. 

siofirl pannaga, ^. A serpent- 

3Jo?jpanni, 5. Bragging, boasting. 
2. egotism, self-conceit. 3. see 
esBr. —tSc^ profession and 
practice, exhortation and ex- 
ample; advice, admonition. 
— 2^;^ ^?^3j!S he cares neither 
for exhortation nor for exam- 
ple. — 35 ^jseB a braggart, an 
idler. ~^^-\ri. _ ^.seio r^. —ssi 
■do^. — 8!)5^or^ to boast, brag. 

s^o^^D* pannir^, s. Rose water. 
— ^^^Si to sprinkle rose water. 

sJo?j?d pannira, adj. Rose-scent- 
ed. — Ac^i rose-cented sandal 

3Jc^ panne, see ~o.^. 

sjc^ panne, .y. The cheek. 2. 
tonsure at the forehead in the 
form of a comb. 3. see 3ie3. 
fl^'. Small. 2. worn-out. — ^js 
uo^. — ^jsBj a worn-out spade. 
— ^^ a parasol. — a^s'do^ the 
cheeks to fall in. — SsJjr^ to 
ornament the beard or the 
hair about the face with 
tweezers. — .^T?orfoos> to be- 
come proud. 

sio2od pambade, s. A devil- 
dancer belonging to a low 
class of Sudras. 

sjozoj pambu, see ^f^^- 

33oz;o pamma 


ixK pakki 

ojodj pamma, s. Fraud, trick. 
SjoxS'of^) parnkuni (?ic^r), 7'. a. 

To pluck out, scratch with 

nails. [nut. 

3Jor^-'S!='^ parng-otte, s. A cashew- 
SjoZ^jf^ parncuni (-c£S"r), 7'. a. 

To trouble. [some man. 

3i32§rs3 parncele, i". A trouble- 
r;o23*F parnd^, s. Ripeness. 2. a 

ripe fruit. 3, ripe plantains. 

adj. Ripe. 2. gray, 
siccjDr;^^ parndavuni, ^. v. {of 

sJorfjra) To ripen. 2. to per- 
sjodor^ parnduni {t^cV^T')^ v.n. 

To be ripe, mature. 2. the 

hair to turn gray. 
sjowo^^ parmbuni, see siaoors). 
sJ^*iS pak^di, ^. A long, narrow 

turban. Ting. 

ti'cu!^ pakad^, s. Seizure; fetch- 
rj^^^^dX2X\i.,adv. Only, merely, 

simply. 2. entirely, wholly. 

— Tio-tfo^ a daring lie. 
siS»:=CT pakapaka, adv. Quickly; 

much, excessively. — e^Xon^ 

to palpitate, as the heart ; to 

pant; to leap, hop. 
SJ=5dpakara,^. Sap, juice. 2. use, 

profit. oDe^s jis'-d r^ag ^^ jg 

good for nothing. 

si?*?^, z:=^'4 pakala, pakala, s. 
Coral. t'j'^'S) "^6 5 Ti^e; ^gT^oSo 

/iV. having learned everything, 
he swallowed a coral (bead); 
he is a jack of all trades and 
master of none. 
3jc"S© pakali, ^. A leathern water 

bag carried on a bullock, etc. 

2. one who supplies water 

in such a manner; a water 


^^?? pakasij, see ^%^. r^ant. 
c-^6 pakire, s. A fakir, mendi- 
^odj pakuru, s. A rascal. 

^, 3j^?3 pakka, pakkane, adz: 
Suddenly, unexpectedly. 2. 

3J^ pakka, adj. Foreign, of 
another country. 2. .y^^ ^m>^. 
3..y^5 3i^^. 4:.see7j'^- — ctodSo 
a foreigner. 

3^=^^ pakkale, s. A glutton. 2, a 
small net. S.i'^^ ^5^«5; ^/.20=^^°i. 

sj^?]^ pakkas^, i-. A rafter. 

^SD, pakka, at/j. Ripe, mature. 
2. fit, proper. 3. substantial, 
solid. 4. exceeding, perfect, 
complete. —^s?>i a consummate 
falsehood. —^^0^ a downright 
rogue. — ^ej?i a clever stroke 
of business; excellent work- 
manship. — ^Tjrfre^ a clever 
man. — 333iri a proper word; 
an apt reply. —^^jtos:) a 
valiant soldier. 

srls^O pakkali, see Ji^seS. 

3J^ pakki, s. A bird. #eo^oro_ 
a kind of partridge. — ^js'd^, 
_ajs^ kinds of fish. — nDo3j 
a fortune-teller. — zisjosj a 
lintel, headpiece of a door 
frame. — T3j3eX croup, bron- 
chitis, peculiar to children. 
—rid a hawk. 

t.^:^ palxku 


siz^ paca 

t.v^ pakku, sec ^"y^. 

Zi'i, pakke, s. A rogue, rascal, 

cunning fellow. 2. a clever 

si^ pakke, 5. The side; c/. ^^. 

2. a banner. — SJo a rib. 
t>=a^ pakta, see ~^§. 

3ixr, pakva, «<^'. Mature, ripe, 

fit, suitable, proper; cooked. 

— eyLSi to ripen. 
^?Y^ pa^i^di, see x;^a. 
iJTt^sJj^* pagumalij, j^^ ^^^i^' 
siri^'D* pag-uri^, i". Cleverness, 

skill. 2. trickery, cunning. 

sJrlzl pagade, .?. An ace, one in 
games, dice. — /^soj^cSto play 
at dice. 

^rii pagate, s. Exchange, re- 
turn ; revenge. —K in ex- 
change, instead of. — K ^as 
like for like. [custom. 

s:r!a pag-adi, s. Tribute, tax, 

sir(^^ pagapuni (-'^), ^'- a. To 
change, exchange, substitute. 

SriD^ pagaru, s. Time, turn. 2. 
making signs with the hand. 

3. hire, rent, wages. 

t>Tiz pajara, s. Exchange. 2. 

sincrati pagarata, s. Changing, 

3J?it) pagari, s. An arrow, dart. 

5Jnd.^ pagaruni {^'^^), v.n. To 
be infected. 2. to shift, change 
place. ■S.^^A— to take the 

3J/is§r pagarce, see ^7(i. 

sjris/ pagal^, see t,-R6. 

sjrls;, t,Ti^ pagala, pagala, see 

t,f\6 pagale, see r:M. 

tif\ pagi, s. A rent, splint, split. 

ti?\^ pagidi, see 3i^a. 

3Jr'>^^ pagipuni (^^')' ^- ^- To 

rend, split. 
6!)T\fyc^ pagipelu, see t.-Rj5. 

sjh0jj>:^ pagiyuni {t^t^), v. n. To 
split, rend; to crumble, fall 
in pieces; to give way. 

tjf\ page, s. Hatred, enmity, 
malice, hostility. — jiboSj a 
foe, adversary. — 3iA5 anti- 
pathy, spite. — si^o c^ to en- 
tertain hatred. — -di^OkSi to 
hate. — 20.tyj.^. _ ?tesicrix.'i to 
seek revenge. 

tjK'C^ pagel^, i". The day-time. 
_2oB a blue light. 

3i/^s3 pagele, s. A kind of harm- 
less snake. 

sjrb paggu, i". The first Tulu 
month ; the sign Aries in the 

-t^f\^-zf pagtelij, s. A rent, slit. 

iLi^'^. pacakka, s. Plash, splash, 
— sojsTJoa to fall with a splash- 

ing noise. 

Iz^fS pacana, s. Cooking. 2. 
digestion. — e?ibcj to be di- 
gested. —^^0^^ to dress 
food; to digest. 
iJ2c5i'^ pacapaca, s. Licking. 2. 
a clacking noise, adj. Little, 

5j"utT) paca 


3jz3 pajji 


scanty. — ^?5 scanty water. 
—S^^ to lick, eat with a clack- 
ing noise. 

zizBD^ pacara, s. Punishment, 
castigation. 2. a fine, penalty, 
—■rfo's'o^r^ to fine; to reverence. 

^1^6 pacile, s. A kind of oyster. 

?JZa^«B paciti, s. Plight, predi- 
cament ; trouble, distress. 
2. disgrace. 

z!>zi pacca, s. An emerald, adj. 
Green. 2. fresh. — 3j7?6 broad 

sjz^oh, paccang^ri, see TifSor,. 

t>zi can paccaiidige,^g£ sios^osoS. 


sJE^^J^FC) paccakarpura, i'. A 

superior kind of camphor. 
3J2^ b*^ paccati^, see zJsleS. 


3ie^^ paccadi, .y. Minced vege- 

tables, salad. 
t,z^ d paccade, s. A silk cloth 

worn by males; a shawl. 
t,"^ ?j paccana, see ^m^. 


^riLj^-S-^d paccanekkire, see -^ 

3j2^ ^) paccala, .y. The buttocks. 
El23^ Qf\ paccarige, see xie^Tj. 

t>2& 0^, sjea 6 pacciriji, paccire, s. 
The pulp enclosing the seed 
of a jackfruit. ^crf— a small 
layer of it. 

3i25doA paccirengi, i"^^ ^^-^o^. 

3Je§t; paccila, i". A medicinal 



.$•. A kind of 

^2§ pacce, s. Greenness, fresh- 


ness. adj. Green ; fresh ; e/. 

Tiii . — sDor® green colour 

game with dice or cowries. 

sJZc^JSds* paccekorali^, s. A 
kind of fragrant flower. 

sisl doA paccerengi, i\ A kind 
of nettle, Tragia involucrata. 

-ts P^''^^' •''''' ""'&■ [mat. 

5J2^a* pajakij, .y. A bag made of 

r;t;i^e)03j pajakayi, see ^ass^oso. 
2. .y^^ esrfjSroiS. 

Sjto paji, «^. Wet, damp. 2. 
full of sap. 3. green, fresh. 
-.^.?a green grass, tender 
shoot, sprout. — ^s5 quite raw, 
green. — ■d^ri a tree or timber 
in a fresh state. — ■rfoa a green 
whip-snake. —■5 a green leaf. 
— a-dos) to revive, as a faded 
plant. ^zJeJ^^, — 5SUo^^ to 
grow green, become stout. 

sJtSo* pajirij, s. Grass. 

sisSd pajire, {abbrev. of riaS 09,^ 
A green or fresh leaf. 

ti^ih pajiti, see j^'d^h. 

tt'i, paje, i". A mat. <^t>r^- 
a mat plaited with double 
leaves. 2o^r^_ a mat plaited 
with single leaves 
a very small mat. 
worn-out mat. "dciov^^jua^Ti— 
a fine mat. —ti^ojj to be 
confined to bed from sick- 
ness; to be very sick. 

3J^-z!oiS^d pajemadipele^ s. A 
large kind of bee. 

si23 paJJi, see ^22. 

-sJ?:^^ a 

^ pajje 


^'J, patta 
so ^ ■ ■ 

3j^ pajje, see ©|. 
s^e:^ patu, adj. Sharp, skilful, 
clever, strong. — ^^ a dodge. 
sjei pata, sec -^. 
sj&Jorl patan^a, .y^^ iy^cX. 
sjei^, patakka, ^<?^ s&roe^. 

sjsici, siei?^ patane, patane, s. 
Reading, perusal, recitation. 

si£j3Jki^ patapatane, s. A flap- 
ping or rattling sound. 

sjei^ patala, see Jiy . 

3i£io'3^3* patalamu, -y. A regi- 
ment, army, battalion. — cd 
c6o a soldier, sepoy. 

sjeis3j3,p:^j patalkodu, see ^y 

sJeJdJcOS'o^ patavasuttu, s. A kind 
of drum. 

sneTSo- pataki, .y. A squib, crack- 
er. — aioSv?) to let off a 
cracker, to crack up; to tell 

^^■o-sj patakila, see -tsi^os^x 

si^^ patate, see so&sa 

sj^eli patani, s. A class of 

Mohammedans. 2..y^£? so&rorf. 
sib^^*c73o5j patanudaye, ^. A 

tk^^ patala, adv. Smartly, 

sharply. — oss^oa to strike 

tkn^o patllam, see ^ye/sSo. 

sitsD© patali, see ^fe^. 

sib^rf) patavu, see ziy^oA. 

si^^ patali, s. A buffalo with 
wide-spread horns. 2. a palan- 
quin bearer. 

sieJ pati, s. A rafter, ssSul- a 
palmyra rafter. 

sjlio.i patinga, a^//'. Roguish, 
knavish. — ^n roguery, kna- 
very ; prodigality. 

3jl3o7^ patinge, ^. A rogue, rascal, 
knave, scoundrel. 2. a pro- 

sJeJ^-srf patikara, s. Alum. 

3ilj€, sjli?^ patike, patige, s. 

Urine. [treoao. 

3jl323^^Do3o patilijkayi, see ^y^ 

si^e?:', ^22^23 patel^, patele, s. 
The headman of a village. 

sjki^ pattu, .y. A nest. 2. abun- 
dance. —^ ^^zysrii^ lit. to 
thrust hand into a nest; to 
divulge a secret. -sio^o^iii— 
abounding in thorns. — ^'yj^?) 
to build a nest. — "^ :^^ a 
nest to be pulled down; to be 
dispersed; a secret to be di- 

sjy patta, s. A metal plate 

ej , . , . . . 

with astrological inscriptions, 

fastened on the forehead of 
a Brahman, to avert the 
consequences of having been 
born under an unlucky star. 
2. crowning, anointing, instal- 
lation, ordination. 3. a 
throne, office, rank. 4. title 
or appointment of ofiice. 5. 
a deed of lease or gift, a 
grant. — ^ ^oi5j a royal seal. 
t,tj^2^A^^ anointing a king, 
or priest, coronation, ordina- 
tion. -Tk^. see ^n,7ie. -ey^JS* 




3i^ patte 

to reign, rule. — ^yo^a, _ t?j3 
Sbr^ to crown; to ordain. 
5:;ej, patta, adv. Suddenly. 2. see. 

^'^' — ^^^ 3- vow suddenly 
made M'heu in trouble. — ^ 
30^^ to break suddenly. 

^^o^s, siL' ort pattauiiajpattang-a, 
Bragging, boasting. — j:^!srSoS), 
— jtc^o,^ to talk idly and 

tX\rjf\ pattange, s. A braggart. 

ii;J,ctJD pattambara, s. A robe 

of state. 


r^iJ.a pattadi, j". A kind of neck- 


ij cl pattade, .y^^^ ^^ ^. 

sisJrs pattana, .y. A city, town. 
iijJ^dSfS pattadane, s. A royal 

3::;£j,d^^ pattadevi, 3". A queen. 

£j fj pattane, see ^y^. 

siejsootjj pattabandha, s. Coro- 
3:£j a2o pattaya, see 3ii3^. 

si^Sj3'^ pattavali, .y. A striped 

silk cloth. 
3J2J5^ pattavu, see t.\},^ 
siej'S.ori pattang-a, see riyjCA. 

siWD.rc) pattani, see 2o63srf. 
£j j^ • • • ' 

Sj^'ScIp pattanye, see sJ&ro^cs^oSo. 

S^'ir) "J:*^^^ pattabhisheka, see 

under ^lu,. 
3iej|,03j2j© pattayipili, s. A royal 

3ibe),a pattari, s. Ruin. — ^-fj^^ 

to go to ruin. 
■Siira ly pattala, see sitee;. 

3J£J3,s^ pattavu, see ;iUjOA. 

sJe3"3,s^^ pattavuni, c. v. (<?/z;wj^Si) 
To cause to be distributed, etc. 

3il3, pattij s- A list, catalogue, 
voucher. 2. a note, short 
letter. 3. the fastenings of a 
box, etc.\ cf. 3iBj. 4. a strip 
of cloth, collar of a coat. 5. 
a lathe. 6. a kind of tonsure. 
7. a bundle of betel leaves; 
also ^y.eoelTS. — ^seSa kind of 
glass bangles. — 5Wo^a to 
apply a bandage or ligature. 
— T^^^lir^ to appoint. — ?\?;diS) 
to shave the head in stripes. 
— 20T3ba to write a list, note, 

sJe3,ori, sjslor^pattinga, patting-e, 
see ^^OA. 

sjej.r^ pattige, see ^i^^. 

eo ■ ■ 

sjei.sjjjdo pattimuru, s. A kind 

of earring. 
sieJo, pattu, .y^^ -^. 
sjejo,^ pattuni (^^), ^- a. To 

divide, distribute, apportion. 
3i^. patte, ^. A strip, stripe. 2. 


silk. 3. a document specify- 
ing a grant of land, etc\ cf. 
3j^- 4. a slip or strip of a 
palm tree. 5. a piece of cloth ; 
a tape. — ^c&l a silk border. 
— 7^"!3 a silk merchant ; a 
dealer in silk. — Njse'o raw 
silk, silk thread. — S?t5 a 
female's silk garment. s'O 
000— a black stripe, stotS— 
a black or yellow coloured 

sj^j? patto 



si a padi 

si^-|^r3j;j pattonuni, r^. z'. {of 

siBOjS)) To share, divide, etc. 
3i^^n pattye, see si^. l.see ^^• 
5i«j patna, ^^6- s;y,oQ. 

sjsj=u303j, sjy^ax^c^j patlakayi, 
patla'iodu, s. The snake-gourd, 
Trichosan-Jies anguina. 

tji) patha, s. A picture, drawing. 
2. a boy's kite. adv. Much. 
_z^^^ to fear much. — ss^ 
4^ to let fly a kite. 

sics^sS, 3^:3^:5 paduca, paduci, i"^^ 

tii2^^J, rlcs*^ padypi^L, padi;ipu, 

see 3i^. 
sJci^sS padupe, sec t,Ti-£,. 

sica pada, ^^'. Not sufficiently 
sloping. 2 . placing or laying. 
— rfjsS a flat roof. — eojs-do^) 
to fall or lie at length. 

srirS pada, s. A boat. 

sJc^ort padanga, see sjar^oA. 

sddo2oj padambu, s. A rough 

canvas cloth. 
sjc^oz^j^^ padamboli, i". A liar. 

2. j"^'5 i^^^ ^• 
tizizi padaca, see ^^. 
sjdsid padapada, see Ttnt^ii. 

sJJa^^ padapuni, see z^t^t^os-. 2, 
.y<?^ 3iL§b^. 3. see eoc^^a. 

sic^^ padape, s. A whore; a 

t>zittvuf padaperadi^, s. A kind 
of grass. 

padaposu, adj. Superfi- 
cial, shallow, not profound. 
— C3s^ a flatterer. 


^dt> padappe, see ^irit. 

sidojj padaya, adv. One upon 

another. — eo^s-dos* to fall one 

upon another. 
t>d<D padari (^^^^),see undert,Li. 

sjddj^ padaruni (-^15), 7'. 7Z. To 

s::«5^ padavu, i'. A vessel. 2. ^^<; 

si:^?:;^ padasi^, see i^iri^. 

sJcS?jDs3 padasale, .y. A veranda, 
reception hall. 

sic5t)05o padayi, s. Trouble. 2. 
see 3i^ oso. 

3JL3^rfi padavu, J'. An imputation, 

:^Q, padi, .y. A daily allowance 
of food, extra pay to servants 
when travelling. 2. alms in 
kind. 3. a small weight. 
4. a thrashing frame ; also siS 
^csi4. 5. a door or shutter 
made of slips of bamboos 
tied together. — ssa rice for 
charity. —^"5 a building over 
a gateway, a porter's lodge. 
_3^yo^^ to be reduced- — ^j8 
hr^, _e)3g^S) to pay allowance 
to labourers, e/c.-^ to distri- 
bute alms. — s3 rf^r^ to 

sj^=# padike, s. "Wickedness, 
■corruption, depravity; also 
—^^. adj. Bad, corrupt. 

^Q>'§o^ padikenti, a'dj. Bad, 
wicked, corrupt. 

3J^=^J3oCj'3oSjpadikondaye, s. The 
name of a demon. 


3:!^ padi 


sjrs pana 

t,Q>Zc, 3ia:a padica, padici, see 

O-J't , 

siaL3"?6, sJ£^t5D:;=CTpadicare, padi- 

carake, s. A peon, attendant. 
sj(^^ padita, s. A stripe, streak. 

2. a wale, mark of a whip, etc.^ 

as on a bullock. 
5i^^^ padipuni (s^?-), v. a. To 

learn. 2. to plunge. 3. to 

swell. 4. see TL-dh?^. zuri— to 

learn a lesson, exercise. 
^^ZTsiJo padibatlu, s. Straits, 

difficulty, trouble. 
sj^o^ padili;i, s. Waste land. adj. 

Waste, barren, unfruitful, 

fallow. 2. fallen in ruins. 
wC^o padu, adj. Pure. 2. see 

Tjdosix —r^€> pure palm wine. 
3ic^:)c20J padumbu, see sgpi^oceoo. 
5J;^j^ padupu, see t^ri^. 
SJsl pade, s. A multitude, mob, 

rabble. 2. an army. — ^a^ 

the general of an army. 

— froo3o a stray dog, ^f^?^.?. 

^^j3Z5345i to raise an army. 

_;^cSajoos) an army to halt. 
SJdoApadengi, adj. Old. — oSo^jf 

a very old she-buffalo. 
t)d^6 padetale, s. The helix or 

border of the ear. 
si^lfTS^ padenali, s. Leanness. 

— ^uo^^ to become lean, or 

sJzlsGDS^^i padepavuni, c. v. {of ■ts& 

odoo^) To cause, occasion. 2. 

to inflict. cijsso— to inflict 

pain, cause sorrow. 7!iot&^ 

M- to make glad. 

3Jcl^o^ padepini (J^^), v. a. To 
get, attain, acquire, obtain. 
2. to possess, have. 3. to 
beget, bear, bring forth. 

sidojoj^, srliSs^^ padeyuni, pade- 
vuni (^^), V. 11. To suffer, 
feel, experience, enjoy. l;^ss3_ 
to sufl'er grief, rjo^^i'^r^— to 
enjoy pleasure. 

3Jcir33i)o3o padkanataye, see t^Ti, 

SoCd padca, s. Settlement, ar- 
rangement. 2. determination, 
disposing. 3. clearance, con- 
sumption. —'^?Jo) to be settled 
or disposed of. — •^os;*Ov^^ to 
settle; to dispose. 

3j(^ fl paddane, adj. Sloping, flat. 

3Jc^o3s), sJC3'?o3opaddayi, paddayi, 

s. The west, 
sic^p, tiii r padya, paddya, s. A 

spittoon, especially an earthen 

t^Ti^ padta, see t,Z>,^. 
t>dd. padpu, s. A plain. 2. waste 


3jd padpe, see 



j|j3 A), sddj:)^ padposi, padpoli, 



see ^(5j|s^?oj. 
sizind padyele, ^. An honorific 

title among the Jains. 
sirs pana, i". Senselessness- 
3JC3^ panake, s. Pairing together 

with a rope, as cattle. 
ti£x>zi panaja, s. A kind of 





T^^ pati 

sJrssja^apanatuka, ^. The weight 

of a gold fanam. 
srrsrf), t>mD^ panavu, panavu, 

s. A quarter rupee. 2. money 

in general. 3. wealth, riches 

in specie. 
sjrl pani, s- Dew, fog, mist, snow. 

2. see r^- — ^Cicdoo^ to be 

moist. — 3i»t\-" dew to fall, 
t,T^3 panita, s. Praise, adj. 

Praiseworthy. — ^j^o^a to 

praise, eulogise, 
sjrs^^ panipuni (^r^), z\ a. To 

give a shape, z'. n. To drizzle. 

=5-6— to shape a vessel. 
sJrloi5e)rf paniyara, see sJ^cdre-d. 
3jfl pane, s. The forked stem of a 

water-lift; also 3i??3^oS Tiro^o. 
sjcl pane <^^'. Proper, due, ^^■y. 

Duly. — ^.'s^ due weight. 

sjcIu^oSj panekayi, s. The fruit 
of palmyra. 

sicl^* panelist, i'. A kind of tree. 

sjfsJ^ do panoruj s. A plough- 

SJclJS0 panoli, s. A kind of pal- 
myra tree. 2. a kind of um- 
brella made of palmyra 

3Jc^ panne, see tLzA. 

tiZ^D Sj,^ panpavuni, c. v. {of 


w) To cause to say, let say, in- 
3Jcij^ panpini (~^), ^. «. To say, 
tell, inform, narrate, relate, 
recite. 2. to teach, instruct, 
-i- to recite a verse, sing a 

song. ■tcEiE'ixihF^ to teach, 
advise, instigate; to back- 
bite. ^c:"i^4. Ticc©^ what was 
said. 3ici5jsoeoS) to talk to 
one's self; to address, repre- 
sent, announce, r;c55?o^ 
^?) to send word, 
zt^r. panye, see ^o??, 

sis* patu, see t.z:. 

sja pata, s. Maintenance, sup- 
port, alimony, 2, see ^q{. 
—vTisg-rli^'i to maintain. 

titcA patang-a, s. A bird; a 
winged moth. 

sJsoT^s;* patang-ely, s. Harmony, 
fitness, 2, adherence, — e?L^ 
to fit. 

si^o2d£) patanjali, s. The name 
of a celebrated teacher of the 
Yoga philosophy, 

t>&^ patana, adj. Falling, liable 
to fall. [flag. 

SJS'S^ pataki, s. A standard, 

3J3^0oJ patayi, s. A large chest, 

^6 pati, s. A husband, master, 
owner. 2. a match, equal, 
— ^s^jydor faithfulness to a 
husband. —rijiTii, —-^i a vir- 
tuous wife, ^o— husband and 

3i3 pati, s. Similarity, equality; 
c/. ^B. —h 3iS equal to. 

si vis patita, adj. Fallen, over- 
thrown, defeated, 3, wicked. 

3J3i patite, s. A sinner, 2. an 
outcast, a heretic. 

z!i3iZ patini, see t,B^. 


;i pate 


3Jij?, patro 

titoTi^ paten^ala, see 7i^o^6. 
SjldJe)D* patemiri^, see 3i£^^js&. 

3J3^ patt\^, 71U/U. Tea, s. A 
nail, peg, pin, particularly 
used for a plough. 

sJSjj patta, ach'. Quite, fully, 
entirely wholly, effectually ; 
at all. -e?3ios) to be quite 
dry. — £3osJs4ci to boil fully, 
—OS o£,33 there is nothing at 

siisj^or^s;^ pattaag'el^, 5. Tight- 
ness; C/. ^^Cy^6. 

si^^zE, sJ£gNCop , 3:isjjFJi)c3 patta- 
naje, pattanadya, pattanaji, s. 
The tenth day of the Tulu 
month Besya. 2. a feast 
celebrated at Dharmasthala. 

si^gfS pattane, (^i://'. Tenth. 

sj^ojj, 5:i3;^oJo, 5J3;5^o2o patta- 
ya, pattaya, pattayi, see sdsDoaj. 
sis;^^ patta, see ^^. 

sis^s^^, rl3;5j,§ pattavale, patta- 
11, s. Bribery ; c/. ^a^-de3. 

sJ3eij^?i pattavuni, c.v. (of^^^^ 
oi) To cause to join, stick, 
attach, adhere, affix. 2. to 
cause to hold, seize, catch. 

t>^'^'^^ pattasijL, s. A kind of 
sweetmeat. 2, see sisDoao. 

t>^ patti, s. A trace. 

tt^f\ pattige, see -^f^. 

■3J^o^^ pattuni (-§,)' '^'^ ^- To 
hold, catch. 7'. n. To adhere, 
stick, be joined, united. -R^ja 
^— to contract a habit, ■s^o 
^!^— to turn mad. 

3Ji , patte, s. A patch. 2. trace, 

discovery. B.seeti^o. — d?L^ 

to patch. 
3j|^^j?D pattemari, i\ A pat- 

temar, sailing vessel with one 

sJi^otS pattonji, nu/;^. Eleven. 

sJlj^ceS^ pattoDjene, adj. 

sJaJ^O pattoli, sec zJs^^s?. 
3:; 3 patni, ^. A wife. 

ti2o patya, s. Regimen, diet. 2. 
see 3i£^. adj. Suitable, agree- 
ing with, -zyl^ to suit, agree 
with. —■^-:>^J^^ to observe diet. 

ijlo patye, see '^S^- 

3J3, patra, s. The leaf of a tree 
(pr book. 2. a written bond. 
3. see tjBf§. 4. a passport. 

to execute a bond. 

s^s^So patraji, s. Bragging, 

s:;^^^©, sJ3^§ patra vali, patra- 

11, s. A plate formed of leaves 

stitched together. 
sj^ patri, see x;^. 

sja^=^ patrike, .y. An epistle, 
letter. 2. a memorandum of 
some important event, ■rfo-dr^— 
a testament, will. 

sjl patre, i'. A twig with the 
leaves on. 2. mace. 

3il£^^, srll^^cl patrotte, patro- 
de, jr. A kind of cake made 
of the leaves of yam or 
other pot-herbs. 


iq^ patha 


;cjD pada 

sjq5 patha, s. A path, road, way. 

sjq^^ pathya, see ^i^^. 

sicj'u' paduri^, -i'. A fold, layer, 
stratum. 2. a plait. 

sicj^DT)^, z:v:>UDZi^ padi^rata, pa- 
daradu, s. Flight, retreat. ^S 
usS^jsilici to run away, de- 

5Jc?D^:s'' paduradij, ?2z^w. Twelve. 

siS'c^Ti^ twelfth. 
3JC3*d^^ paduruni, see t>tdo?i. 
3jcj pada, s. A foot, step. 2. a 
foot-mark. 3. a word; aeon- \ 
nected sentence. 4. a verse, I 
song. — -rf^S) to sing a song, 
sjrf pada, s. Abatement, subsi- i 
dence; tranquillity. -tyLs) to 
abate, as storm or rain. 
t.f.o^ padanka, s. see TiB'S. adj. 

see 3ii^^. 
sJCjo=CTd padankara, adv. In a 
stooping posture. I.sec 3irf 
^r?. —^0^0,^ to cower, crouch, 
sidoXF? padannane, s. A lazy 

3JCoot2 padanji, see li^Ch. 
sjrfc^^^ padampuni (^^ol3), j/.??. 

To become wet. 
3jci^ padaka, ^. An ornamental 
breast-plate. 2. meditation. 
S.j-^^ ~-^- —'^:>^^?^ to set 
a breast-plate with precious 
sJC^s'o^ padakarij, s. Breadth. 
_^ ^.s-doeoo a kind of concave 
umbrella made of leaves. 

=!d padakara, adj. Dense, 
thick. «^''. Densely, thickly, 
closely. _e:.5-do?i to fall 

sidrso^, sjd^o^ padanuni, pada- 
nuni (3i3Fi, ic^rS), ^'. n. To 
become soft. 2. to get wet, 
be chillv. 

sjj^fi, sJc^N^ padana, padanappa, 
,2:^r. Well, nicely. -^3io?> 
to smear well. 

sjci^cojo^ padaniyuni, ^^^ ^^ 
^^- [man. 

sid^Cjj padaniye, ^. A wealthy 

sjcisirfg padapadya, j^. Singing; 
e/. ^rf. 

sjc3^ padappu, .v. The temples. 
2.^ see 3i£sgi. 

SJCJD^ padaru, ^. Ambiguity,, 
vagueness, adj. Ambiguous, 
vague, —zj^i^'d an ambiguous 
statement; speaking vaguely. 

sjdd padara, see t,E5. 

sJdDDzS padaraji, see ■t.^jS,. 

sJ2i^ padavi, -?• Wealth, property, 
possession. 2. rank, degree, 
grade. 3. road, path. 4. 
fortune, luck. 

sjcj^ padavu, s. A plateau, table- 

5id^ padaste, s. A moderate 

5J337)cr( padanga, ^. A syllable. 

sjcjiiliri padatige, see zj^^i^-R. 

t>zjdz^ padana, see ^-?i. 

sicjDa, s^uHja padati, padadi, s. 
A foot-soldier. 

^n^ pada 


jcl padma 

^■tuiD'^F^ padarcane, s. Homage 
paid by falling at one's feet. 

sJcsB^r padarti, ^. A class of 
drummers, attached to the 
service of a temple. 

sjn-sqir padartha, s. A thing, 
article. 2. vegetable curry, 
sauce. 3. the meaning of a 
word or sentence. 

sja padi, s. A basket. 

sja padi, num. Ten, csp. used 
in comp.; as, — ?ra32 sixteen. 
— ?:3§ fourteen. -^^^ eigh- 
teen. — ?3e^ seventeen. —^^^ 
fifteen. — ^jsosir nineteen. 
— ■sSojssB thirteen. 

SjC^js^j paduma, see t>z:i^. 

SJCJJS^JOSJ padumukha, s. A kind 
of medicine. 

sjdori, 3idoE3 padengi, padenji, 
s. Green gram, Phaseolus 
mungo. -^o^i—, ^?'^^<5— 5 
^?5— are varieties of it. 

sjd=^ padeka, s. Collection; re- 

-^cSzcSJ* padeccily., see xiodo^^. 
'I. see f^^€>. 

sicSvB padeti, s. A midwife. 

-sJdsJcS padepade, see 3jd?3jd 

tith"^ padepini (-^5), v. a. To 
collect, recover. 

3Jd^ padepu, .y. The crown of 
the head. 

-sJdodoo^ padeyuni (^^5), ;:;.«. To 
sink down. 2. to become in- 

2<r ' 

sJCo^s:!d padepade, adv. Fre- 
quently, again and again. 

sJdJSO, 3JCjJ3^ padoli, padoli, i". 
The principal hall of a house. 
_^.3W^ an out-house. 

sjdceiri, sirfovBr^, 3id3 paddan- 
tige, paddantige, paddati, see 

3Jdo^ padduni (^Sj, z/. ;^. To 
sneak, crouch, hide, lurk. 
2. to be afraid, perplexed, 

3JcS^o5o paddeyi, s. Ornaments, 

xIcSjs © paddoli, see t^^t). 

sjrf 3 paddhati, ^. Custom, prac- 
tice, habit, rule. 

sjrfi padpu, ^. A particle, atom; 
a very small quantity. 2. a 
dot, clotted blood on the skin. 
— <^^ nothing at all. 

3Jd padpe, s. The common herb 
Amaranthus oleraceus. "^04— 
a red kind of the same, djs^o^- 
a white kind of the same. 

3jcj^ padma, s. A lotus, Nelum- 
bium spcciosinn. 2. the 

Egyptian or Pythagorian 
bean. 3. coloured marks 
on the throat of a serpent 
or on the face and trunk of 
an elephant. — ^e-S the fila- 
ment of a lotus. — ?:s8,'5 a 
name of Vishnu. — '^sa a 
ruby. — ;^e3 a weaver, ^cro^ 
^ the seed of a lotus. 

3i£). padmi 


o3o payi 

sJS,^ padjnini, s. One of the four 

classes of females. 
3JcJo padya, s. A verse, metre, 
5j?^, silf^sj's?^ pana, panapana, ^^^ 

sj^o^od panambara, i". Amber- 
gris. 2. boasting, making a 
mountain of a mole-hill. 
—•rfos^o^^ to boast, make a 
great ado about trifles. 

3J^ pani, s. Drizzling rain. 2. 
see 3ir5. adj. Little, small. 
3. few; cf. t^^. -^^ a small 
kind of frog, -o^ a small 
umbrella. —isizt^ a tempo- 
rary shed. -ei?ir drizzling 
rain, — sojst^o^ to drizzle. —"^^ 
orfooa to abate, as a drizzle. 

sj^^^ panipuni (-s-), r. ';^. To 
drizzle, shower. 

3J^C0J^Spaniyara, s. An offering 
to a god, etc., consisting of 
preparations of fruits and 

tjt:tSi,^':i , ti^Jiud, srl^js^do panii- 
ru, panoru, panoru, see TiAjiXici. 

sd^, sj^uo«|j, pane, panekutti, see 

3Cl?2^J5i:l panemade, s. A demon 

so called. 
3dc2^^ panoli, see Ti^.^'^. 
sJ^J?y'=Q pankori, s. A kind of 

3i^ panni, see sic^. 

3j?|^ panne, see 3io^. 

3J?li panpu, see s^^s^- 

'>d, sjij «^ pappada, pappala. 

i". Pappadam, a very thin 
kind of cake made of pulse, 
salt, efc. 

3j^ pappu, s. A carcass, carrion, 

sjzo, pabba, see t,zoF. 

sjOjo paya, s. An ear of rice, 
efc. 2. gum, resin. 3. see 
^jt:si^. — ^L^ an ear of rice 
to shoot. 

sjcd.^o', sicdosis:;', sJOo-^^s:^ 
payakel^, payaceli;i, payacceli^, 
s. The time of shooting of 
the ears of corn. 

3Jcd:r3 payana, see ^orfj^r®. 

sJcdj3'J)c5j payatiye, i'. A thriving 

sJoJjdoui^s^oSj payarandi^itaye, 5". 

A demon so called. 

3ioJj^^, sJoi3DS^^ payavuni, pa- 
yavuni (Jicdo, z^ccSj?)), v, n. To 
shoot, as an ear of corn. 

sjojo?3* payasi^, s. Water 2. 

sioSj payi, ^. An ear of corn; 

cf. 3iodJ. 

sioSJZ^s/ payicil^, s. A bag 

made of palm-leaves. 
sjOjo^/ss:* payiccil^, ^^^ ^cco^6. 


sJ03-23^^S sJo^o'Sf^^^ payijanv, 
payinan^, s. A kind of silver 

^D^ payinali, payinalayi, payi- 
nali, see ij^cospaeD. 
sJo3jej^*s^6 payitin^slre, ^^^ ^^^ 

;o3j payi 


sjd para 

3Jo3j|J5^ei payitota, s. A young 

garden or plantation. 
3J050S3* payily, see jioS^^^. 
sJo3J2;*s^J3^r^ payilijimanige, ^<Jc 

sioSrJs;^ payecelij, ■?• Subscrip- 
tion, contribution, 2. ^^^ ^cd-^ 

sJo3o232;<^ payebelij, ^^^ S^otS^. 
sio3J30 payoli, ^^^ ^^o^og^. 
sjojj^, 3Jo3jn payya, payye, ^^^ 

siojj.?^ payyana, «^. Gently, 
softly, quietly ; cf. ^^cdor-a. 
_£c7^^^ to conceal quietly. 
—SBcio^ to put gently. 

^o3:<;D* payyer^, J-. A horse. 2. 

sJo3i?oG^ si'.cSj?^© payyolij, pa- 
yyoli, s. A horse. 2. riding, 
galloping. — <oz3^4^ to gallop. 

5J0 para, adj. Distant, remote. 
2. subsequent, after, follow- 
ing. 3. other, different. 4. 
more, exceeding. 5. before. 
_cnj)do a strange place, fo- 
reign country. 

3irf para, i^d/. Old, worn out. 
—^^oiid worn out clothes. 

Sid para, s. Regard, respect. 
_cTOoS?rao3o a careless man. 
_CA)s^^ to have regard or res- 
pect. — siasSiS) to lose respect. 
— •rfod;^^ be careless, regard- 
less, ---rfj^o^^) to regard, give 
attention. Si^, tood tj-^ f^3;7) 
have you no regard? do you 
not care? 

sjd 0=5*0^ parankuui, see sio^or^. 

t>6or\^ paran^yi, see -^-do-R^. 

siidoh parangi, see ^t5o7\. 

sjrforij^ paran^uni (-^oK), v. n. 
To become stale, musty, to 
decay; also x;dcK5Bg,'aeL^). 

sjdor^sj^ parangelij, ^. Staleness, 
decay, adj. Stale, decayed, 
decrepit. t>-do-R6 a decrepit 

sidos^o?^ parancuni, see 3i-5o£io^. 

sJdo^S?^, sJdoef 23^ parancena, pa- 
ranceli^, ^. Prattling. 2. 
grumbling, murmuring. 
sJ0osls3 parancele, ^. A prattler, 
babbler. 2. a grumbler. 

3:;doz3 paranji, see t^^oS. 

sido2Ej3^?3 paranjyoti, ^. The 
Supreme Being, Light of 

dcw^ paranti^, s. A bull frog. 
do^ paranta, ^. Murmuring, 
grumbling, -^'^-^o^ to grum- 
ble, talk nonsense. 

sJdoeJ^S 3JdoeJ^ri parantalu, pa- 
rantalige, s. A kind of creeper. 

sjdoaio^ parantuni (^tSoO), z'. a. 
To gripe, grasp, seize, lay 
hold of. 2. see t^-^oz^^?^. 

sjdo^ parante, s. An old buffalo. 

sJdo^e3 parantele, ^. A prattler, 

3Jdo^ paranda, >y. Murmuring, 

sjdoc^.^ paranduni, ^^^ ^r(rfo?i. 

sJdo^t)dJ parandhama, ^. Vish- 
nu's paradise. 


'6 para 


'>6 para 

sidcsi^parampare, 5. Succession; 
race, lineage, descent, ndj. 
Successive, proceeding from 
one to another, hereditary. 

SJdoWw^ parambuni, see tj^of^. 

sJd=s^ paraky, see ^■rf^. 

did'S'ej^ parakat\i, see z^s'rO^. 

sid^^, sJd5^'vparakale,parakali, 
s. A long cloth. 

sJC^DCdj parakaya, s. Another 
body. —^^?^ transmigration. 
sJd^ paraki, see --S-r. 

t>c€ parake, s. A vow made in 
trouble; beseeching. 2. see 
zjto^. _r;rf^S) to vow, make a 
vow. —s37)c^o^,_=#jsbra to fulfil 
a vow. — rfocro^^ to do a 
work carelessly. ;^odj^ a vow 
to be fulfilled. 

:sJd=^) parakei, s. Depositing with 
another, as the stake of a 
wager. — tfuo^^i to deposit in 
this way. 

sJdriol parag-ante, see ^^^^• 

tiCri^ parag-ati, s. Future des- 
■^dtif^ parajana, ^. Strangers. 

z!d23-);^ parajata, adj. Adopted, 
fostered by a stranger. 

3Jde3"33 parajati, s. A foreign 

tribe or caste. 
sJdZo paraji, see t>-do'S. 
:s:!da paradi, see ^Sjs^. 
t>^do^ paraduni (^-^5), v.n.&a. 

To grope. 2. to spread. 
-^^d-d paradele, s. One who 

gropes about. 2. a lazy man, 

3Jd3^ paratu, adf. Old, worn 
out. —°sh^ to become old. 

sildso^ paratantra, adj. Depend- 
ent, obedient, subservient. 

s^d:^dj^, sJd^jdw^ parataruni, 
paraturuni (-^^5, 7i,Ti^o5'^^v.n. 
To spread, extend, diffuse. 
2. to creep, as an ant, eie. 

3Jd3 parati, see ^Bf. 

sida, sidd paradi, parade, s. A 
curtain, blind, screen. — ^ 
UJj^, — sTOcliS) to put up a 

sJdsS^di paradevate, s. A fo- 
reign deity. 

5Jdd^^ paradesa, i". A foreign 

sJ3d^^ paradesi, s. A foreigner. 

2. a vagrant, vagabond. 
sjdd;^' paradeis^, .y. Paradise. 

sJd^DS paraniri, s. Another's 

sjd^od paraninde, s. Abusing 

sid^^D* paraniri^, s. lit. Old 

water. 2. flowing water. 3. a 

perennial fountain. 4. water 

stored the preceding day. 
sjdsios^ parapanca, see -^-t^oz^. 
tittr^ parapasha, s. Partiality. 

—■^^\^^ to show partiality, 

be biased. 
ijdsrld parapara, s. The noise of 

rending cloth. 

sjd para 


!b para 

?:id^ parapu, J. A sandbed. adj. 
flowing, running. 

sJd^^ parapuni (^^), v. n. To 
flow, as water. 2. to creep, 
crawl on hands and legs. 3. 
to spread, as a creeper. 

5JdW3D parabari, s. Assignment. 
adv. Separately. 2. indi- 
rectly. — 3roJ-do^ to speak in- 
directly. — ^?L)» to avoid, 
as a place in a journey, and 
go another way. — -^ij^o^^j to 
transfer, deliver over to an- 

sjdzoj parabu, s. An old woman. 

3Jd23 parabe, s. An old man. 

sJdEOjSd, parabrahma, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 

ojdsio parama, adj. Best, most 
excellent. 2. principal, chief, 
supreme. — XB a blessed con- 
dition, salvation. — Xore an 
excellent disposition. — Ao-do 
a supreme, religious guide. 
— ^ra;^/^, ~^A a very wicked 
— w^?j superior under- 
— zids heavenly 

sJdsioode; paramandala, s. Hea- 
ven, the sky. 

sjddos paramata, s. A strange 
religion. 2. another's inten- 

sjd^o!)o?j, sjddjsojo^paramanna, 
paramayana, s. Rice cr wheat 
boiled in milk with sugar, etc. 

tj6^ji)i, paramatme, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 



s:iddJi)?joCopararaananda, 5-. Great 
happiness, heavenly bliss. 

sids^j^^j paramapte, i'. A best 
friend, intimate friend. 

sjds^y^jqir paramartha, s. Chief 
object ^r intention. 2. truth, 

sjds^3e)^r paramarthi, s. A truth- 
full, honest man. 

sJd^J5)j^r paramartha, s. God. 

sJdsjoS?^ paramasii, adj. Best, 

sjdrfjs^ paramasi, s. Command, 
mandate, order; will, plea- 

sjd^j parame, s. A clever man. 

2. a cunning, tricky fellow. 
5:!d^o^^6 paramesvare, s. The 

Supreme Lord. 2. a name 

of Siva. 
siJdsjj^^, parameshti, .s'. The 

Creator. 2. a name of Brahma. 
sJdoSo paraye, see 3ie;o3o. 

sJdD^tio pararajya, J. A foreign 

6tt)& parali^, see ^-^6. 

sJddJSi^s^ paraloka, ^. The next 

world, heaven. 
sjdri parava, s. Concern, care,. 

regard, respect; cf. -ti-^-r. 
sid^oei paravanca, see t^tio'd. ' 

sidddsj paravadave, s. Another's- 
property or thing. 

sjds:;^; paravasa, s. Subservi- 
ence, dependence. 2.ecstacy. 

3. absence of mind. 
Sjd;3'S?^ paravasa, s. Residence 

in a foreign land, exile. 

t,:^ para 


:ue) para 

^cO paravi, see zit^eoo, 

sid;^ parave, s. A man belong- 
ing to a low class of devil- 

sjd^^^ paravesha, s. Persona- 
tion. 2. see ^^e^- 

sldsJj parasu, i". A hatchet, an 
axe. 2. the philosopher's 
stone: also tj-^^:)'i6 . —^s^Sothe 
sixth incarnation of Vishnu, 
"who is said to have peopled 
the coast of Malabar. 

Ttzi) parase, s. Pilgrims going 
to or assembled at any sa- 
cred place or festival of an 

Slid-/ paras^, s. Benediction. 

sJdrj'^qj^ parasadhaka, J. Means 
of obtaining heaven. 

sJd^v parase, s. The perforations 
of a small machine for mak- 
ing a kind of vermicelli (€? 
^osjrf K)i). 2.see-^-d^. 

sJd;5^Sj paraseve, s. Serving 

sjd^^ parasthala, s. A strange 
place, foreign country. 

sjd^^ parastrl, s. The wife of 

sJd;^d paraspara, adj. Mutual, 
reciprocal. — ^^^ mutual ha- 
tred. —73^?^ mutual friend- 

sJd?o, parasva, s. Another's pro- 

sjd?j~'^^ci parasvadhina, see t> 

^^^°^' [tion. 

sJdoooi^ parahimse, i". Persecu- 

sJdSos parahita, s. Kindness to 
strangers, benevolence. 

sid^jasi, paraloppa, «^t'. Wholly, 
totally, fully. 

3JDii para, p^'e/. implying Su- 
premacy. 2. liberation. 3. 
invested order. 4. pride., 
5. excess. 6. encounter. 7. 
overcoming. 8. going. 9. 

sJCJSo2Cj,sj parannmukha, s. An 
averted face. 

oJDc)cri paranna s. Living on 
others ; food supplied by 

sJQDotoS'a parambarike, s. Care, 
protection. 2. enquiry, in- 

^:!Dl5o^J^531^ parambaripuni {^'=^0 
£^&), V. a. To take care of, 
watch over, nurse. 2. to in- 
vestigate, consider. 

SjDa)^* paraki^, see zs^J^. 

^DD'u parake, inij. Attention 1 
2. calling attention while ad- 
dressing a superior. 

siui^^o parakrama, s. Power, 
valour. 2. exertion. — nscSo, 
— sse3 a powerful man, hero. 

sJD'SSJS^ parakhaty, see ?!rj3Soi. 

sJcra^iOJo parajaya, s. Conquest, 

sJDursj.iu, paranmukha, see ^t^^o 

830, so. 

^UDs 6 paratpare, s. The Su- 

preme Being, God. 
siDi'^^Fjparadhina, s. Possession 

by another, alienation, adj. 

;d^ para 


siO pari 

Dependant on, suljject to 
another. —Tio^^^ to alienate, 
as property. 
dJDTifi par anna, see t,x:;;)oi^. 

'■^D3SJb^3[iOj, paraparavastu, see 

-^, -J JB 

sJD'scid paribhava, s. The forti- 
eth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. discomfiture. 
3. destruction. 

sJO'scoQ parabari, see t>-d2j^^. 

3JDDsija=a, sJo^do^F paramari- 
ke, parimarsa, see 3jD3o20&^. 

ziDDOjj pardyi, a./J. Strange, 
foreign. — 3^^ foreign people. 
— -di^o another's things. 

sJD'3& pardii, see ^toO. 

sJD^qir parartha, J". The property 
of another. 2. another mean- 
ing, adv. On account of an- 

^ZiD^oio parasraya, 6". Taking 
refuge with another. 

SJD pari, s. A path, way. 2- an 
opening, gap; a vacant space. 
■^o-RBuL- a rabbit's path. — ^ 
y^^, _jio?\sss> to repair, as a 
gap in a hedge. — ^jsts^to seek 
a way; to track the path. 
— 3i;^a^^ to go one's way; to 
escape, —zjs^o^ to plant again 
where the previous plants 
have perished; to repair a 
hedge. — •do<5;*o^^ to take care. 
— -rfjo^j ^, —-rfooacxioo^ a path 
to be out of repair. 

^D pari, pre/, implying Ubi- 

quity. 2. part, portion. 3. 
abandonment. 4. end, term. 
5. sickness, infirmity. 6. 
stress. 7. separateness, dis- 
tribution. 8. encircling. 9. 
depreciation, exposure of 
faults. 10. respect. 11. re- 
jection, turning off or away. 
12. ornament. 13. diffusion. 
14. sign. 15. sorrow. 16. 
cessation; impediment. 17. 
truth. 18. an exclamation of 
pleasure or satisfaction. 

tj'ozx:f\'& parinkigadde, s. The 
Telinga potato, Arum cam- 

sJDo^aO^i parinkuni, see t'.o^of?^. 

sJSor^JS^, paringotte, see z!>c-RjdFB. 

z!)^^?)^ parikale, see t^^i^^. 

sjo^ pariki, see ^-S-r. 

siO=^ parike, see t,Ti^. 2. see 

■^Qsj-^^^ parikhyati, see ^sj^^B. 
sjsrt pariga, i-. An iron club. 

2§| paricaya, paricarya, parici- 
ti, paricite, 5. Acquaintance, 
knowledge; intimacy. 

srlDc^Dd^ paricarake, s. An at- 
tendant, servant. 

s:S2:§^ci^ 'paricchedane, s. Divi- 
sion, section, as of a book. 
2. circumcision. 

siOZj?^ parijana, s. Dependence. 
2. retinue. 

SJ0233, sJO^ parijiti, parije, see 

sJS pari 


3iO pari 

3-J&f?Ddj, sjSn^^j parinama, pa- 

rinema, sec z;?:;3r^o. 
si03^r /i parityaga, ^. Separation, 

sJSjp^:) paridhavi, ^. The forty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 
sjSn^^o parinama, see t^-^r-d^. 
sjssj^ paripaksha, see ^:i^^. 
sJSsro paripari, adj. Diverse, 

si053D^^ paripalane, s. Protec- 
tion, care, fostering. 
sjD^^i paripuni (-a), v. a. To 

tear, rend, 
sdO^'srsr paripurna, adj. Com- 
plete, full. 
SJD4'?)>3^ paripiirti, ^. Fulness, 

completion, satisfaction. 
tj^Uo4 paribandha, s. Relation- 
ship. — crooSo a kinsman. 
siOElsSo paribhrame, ^. Turning 

round, flurry. 
siDdo^ parimala, s. Fragrance, 
perfume, —^7i^ perfumery. 
— ?ieS fragrant water. 
3J0rfji?r3 parimana, s. Measure, 

amount, quantity, 
SJS^JS^ parima]^, s. An honori- 
fic title amongst Bants, 
SJQ^Do^ parimita, adj. Measured, 
meted, s. Estimate, value, 

sjosjjor^ parimunci, s. Country 

?JOsJooa parimudi, s. Perishing, 
sJOOJo pariya, adj. P] enty, exceed- 
ing, much. 

3J3c;iJo^dpariyantara, adv. Till, 

sJ3c;i3^eiN pariyatane, 5. Wander- 


—■rfj^o^?) to wander, roam; to 
si0033"3C>i:> pariyaya, ^. Order, 
arrangement, succession. 2. 
opportunity, occasion. 3. a 
grand festival once in two 
years at Udipi, celebrating 
the occasion of a Svami's 
succession to the management 
of Krishna's temple there. 
siOoiJo^i pariyuni (^a), v. n. To 

run, flow. 2. to rend, 
3JSo3j3^o pariyolu, s. A kind of 

sia;3Dd parivara, ^. Followers, 

retinue; army. 
sJ3^orf parisuddha, adj. Sacred, 
holy, pure, — crocA), — -rfoi, 
3i&5'o:5^a holy man. -Tio^o^S) to 

sJ02JjC3^4rarisudhatme, ,?, The 

Holy'^Ghost, Holy Spirit, 

sjS§ parise, see -ts^f^- 

siS^JS^q^N parilodhane, s. Ex- 
amination, investigation, 2. 
temptation. -^^o^Si, 3iS€;8?t? 
^?i to investigate; to tempt, 

sjosido parisrama, s. Fatigue, 
difiiculty, exhaustion, 2. 
practice, exercise, 
S?^F^ parisana, s. Death. 
03o0^^) pariharipuni (3iB^&), 
V. a. To forgive, absolve, 
pardon. 2. to clear, as a debt. 


3iO pari 


3Jo^ pare 

sdOoo^c^ parihara, s. Removal. 
2. healing, relief. 3. absolu- 
tion, pardon. —•do'^o^oi to 
heal, relieve; to pardon, ab- 
solve; to propitiate, as an 
evil spirit, eU. 

sJOoos)ro, s:!s»D?oo parihasa, pa- 
rihasya, s. Jeer, mocking, 
raillery, sport. — t^o^ok^Sj to 
jeer; to sport. 

■siSQOJj pariya, see jjOocJo. 

SJS^=^ parikshe, s. Trial, experi- 
ment, investigation, exami- 
nation, test, discrimination. 
—ctooSj, ^a?^^ an experi- 
menter; examiner; a tempter. 
—^jih^, — -do^A^, 3i5?-S\?ioS) to 
examine, test, try. 

sJcJo paru, s. The teeth, as of 
a beast, saw, file, e^c. ~^n 
a tooth-pick. — ©zS^^) to set 
teeth on edge. — oocii-do^, 
— ^<54S) the teeth to fall out. 
-ewrfjrs) to file the teeth of 
a saw. —^'dh^, — ^tfodoos) to 
gnash the teeth. — ^3^cl)^) to 
furnish a saw, ^/c., with 
teeth. — 2oL>r^ to teeth. 

^^0=3^^ parukatti, see ^is^rS^. 

sidOTS'j paruku, see '^^f- 

sjdosj paruva, ^^<? ^^^. 

3Jdos3o* paruvel^, i". Food, meal, 
as of a Pariah. 2. .y*?^ ^ti^o^^. 

sido^i, sidjsio parusa, parusu, see 

t,S pare, s. A cataract (?^ 
web oil the eye. 2. see ^^"5. 

sjdch parengi, j-. A Frank or 
Portuguese. 2. an Euro- 
pean, adj. European; foreign. 
—^aissoso ananas, pine-apple. 
— -rfjorS^ Spanish pepper. Capsi- 
cum annuuvi. — t3j3?a syphi- 
lis. Aol3— , iijs3§_. f3;)a2j— , sgiU— 
are some of the different 
kinds of venereal diseases. 

sJdo7^s3 pareng-ele, i. A syphilitic 
man. 2. sec si^czSd 

sjdoz^rs, 3i6o;:5'i)y parericana, pa- 
rencata, i". Prattle. 2. twaddle. 

aJ6o2^j^ parencuni (^^o^S"), v.n. 
To prate, prattle. 2. to find 
fault with, censure. 

sJ6o2§s3 parericele, s. A prattler, 
tattler. 2. one given to fault- 

sJdo:3, sJdtS parenji, pareji, s. A 
scaffold, temporary platform. 
— ^yo a to erect a scaffold. 


5J6o^ parelij, ^. A grain of sand, 
grit, gravel; a bit of glass, 
etc. 2. a grain of corn, ^/6\ 
— ^^ a pebble, esa^— small 
shot. — -doi^od a washerman- 
barber of low class. 

djdojc^ pareluni, see t,(tioF^. 

sJdeScrl pareldenne, i". Castor oil. 

sjd^^ parel^, see ^-66. 

si6^t3, 3:16^2dj pareji, pareju, adj. 

Equal, corresponding with; 

c/. zl^oaS. 
t>6^i parete, s. Crawling on 

hands and feet. 
^6^i) parese, see tj^^^. 


t>6jt paro 


sj^r parpu 

sjdjsa parodi, s. Dissimulation, 
hypocrisy. 2. skill, craft, 
scheme, -t^^ a hypocrite. 
-tSo^o.^ to simulate, pretend; 
to play tricks. 
si6J3^sisi5d paropakara, s. Kind- 
ness to strangers, benevo- 
lence. ^^J5?3itf55 a philanthro- 
iJD^oSo parraye, s. A stranger, 


^^r, t^^bl^, ^.^r32, ^^r^ 

parki^, parkattu, parkate, parkat- 

te, adj. Old, worn out, ragged. , 

sJ^rc3*, ^^^d parkadu, parkade, 

adj. Grinding or gnashing of 

teeth. -^'4^ N to grind or 

gnash teeth. 

3j^ra, sj^^a parkadi, parkaddi, 

s. A tooth-pick. 
Ti^r^, 3J^rl parkatti, parkat- 

te, s. A scythe, sickle. 
si^^4?) parkavuni (^J^-), ■J^'.^- 
To draw in, call in. 2. to 
confiscate. 3. o.z'. of ^^or^. 
sj^r, si^er^rS 3i^r5:« parki,par- 
kiSTj, parkelv, ^^Z Destitute, 
3i=^o?^^ parkuni, .^^^ :io^or?i. 
si^ parke, see ^■^'^. 
sj^r parke, s. Bedding. 2. sleep, 
rest. -^^ the mat under a 
bed, etc. 
sJ^JSF^, 3i^JSr£3^parkote, par- 

kotti^, see si^rS^. 
sJ^JardccJj-^ parkodeyuni (^^-^ 

z§), -.'.a:. To grin, gnash. 
sJriFfl pargane, ^^^ ~^^- 

ij'^roiir, sizjri parcarya, par- 

cita, see ^Dtioco. 
sis^F parji, .r^^ -t3o^. 
rlrsF parna, ^^^^ ^i^r. 
sJ3F parti, 5. Cotton, Gossypium 

t^iF parte, .?. Sharpness, edge. 
adj. Sharp, quick, keen. -"^^ 
<^Ovoi to whet, sharpen. 
sJlF, sJlFO^ parte, partelv, -y- 
A rent, tear, as in clothes, 
etc. adj. Torn, tattered, old. 
si If 63 partele, s. A man in rags. 
3JrfF>|^ pardatti, see ^^fS^. 
siaF pardi, .^^^ -^• 
3iaF, sJdF pardi, parde, 5^^ ^^o. 

d^Fs pardesi, ^^^ zi^^e^- ^ 

jjj:^r parna, i-. A leaf. 2. a feather. 

3J^F3^s3 parnasale, s. A hut 
made of leaves, hermitage. 
2. a booth. 3. a bower. 
sJ^DFsiJ parnama, s. Health, 
welfare. 2. prosperity, fl^'. 
Thriving, prosperous. 
si53«)Fy parpata, ^. Drinking. 
sJSj^F&3^ parpataka, .r. The shrub 

Mullugo cerviana. 
si^DFd;^ parpavuni, ^. v. {of t, 
h7?. or 3i5&?-Si) To cause to 
drink. 2. to have pulled out, 
cause to pluck or pull. 
si^F^ parpini (^^), z-. a. To 
drink, sip. 2. to take food, 
as a Pariah. 
sj^r parpu, .y^^ ^^^• 
^r^ parpuni (-^, ^'. «• To 





^isfr parpe 


523e) pala 

pluck, pull out, as roots, 

grass, etc.; cf. t^ts'^t^- 
3J^r53 parpele, ^. A drunkard. 
3J2or parba, s. A festival, feast, 

3J2J3r4'c^ parbavuni, c v. {of ^ 

eoors)) To cause to spread, 

extend, diffuse. 
sjwor parbu, see ^s;So. 

sjwor^ parbuni (^^'^), "c'-n. To 
spread, multiply, diffuse ; to 

si^or?j parmana, see t,Ti-^yso^. 

sJs^jFD parmari, see ^^rS). 
sjd35)r^^ parmanij, s. A pole at- 
tached to a boat's sail. 
SJdJSrs* parmasi^, see zi'rfdraco. 

sis^oSF^parmale, s. The name of 

a hill. 
siodoF parya, see siQodo. 

sJoi5«)Fejcl paryatane, see ziaodra 

sJoi3"5)FaJo paryaya, see ^isodjsodo. 
sJodJOF^) paryuni, i-^^ ^iScdoo?). 

SJsjOF^ parluni (-^"), ^'. ^. To 
be washed, as a dam or re- 
servoir. V. a. To cut sharply, 
as a knife. 

SJ^F parva, s. Awe, fear, rever- 
ence, respect, regard; e/. -tj. 

sJ5JF parva, s. A knot, joint of a 
cane. 2. a name given to 
certain days in the lunar 
month, as the full and change 
of the moon. 3. division of 
a year, as the equinox, sol- 
stice, eU.', cf. ^eor. 4. a 

section, division, chapter. 5. 
stage or degree of ripeness 
in fruits. — ^<y a holy day. 

sJsJFoCj parvanda, adj. Honor- 
ary. — ^^^ a I'obe of honor, 

3JsdFs parvata, s. A mountain, 

si^FoS sjsSf© parveliji, parveli, 
s. A feast or meal among 
Pariahs. 2. see ^iQoSjss^o. 

sJ^F parse, sec -'rf^. 

sJ^F^. parleppu, see ^r;s?js;s^. 

sjo pala, see ^^. 

sjs;o^?o palankena, «^e'. Early. 
2. ^■^^ zir®^. 

sioon* palang^, see zi<y cX. 

sJe^oZod palambara, s. Fulness. 
I.see rificeo-d. 

sje^otodo^ palambaruni (^eJo2o5), 
^'. ?2. To be full. 2. J<?^ ^ofoo 

s:Je;oEoo^ palambuni (^e^o^), ^. «. 

To lament. 
sisjeio^ palatuni (-e^Ci), &.«. To 

be altered, changed. 
3J2j^ palapu, s. A boundary, 

sie;o2o palayi, ^. A plank, board. 

— sre^ the Indian cod. 
sjoo2jpalaye, s. An elder brother. 
sj^^ palavu, ^^^ ^e;D4. 
sJ2;^F^ palana, see ^e/s^. 

iJS5e)CdO(^ palayana, s. Flight, 
retreat. — -rfo^o^^) to retreat, 

sioDO^j palayi, .y^^ ^0020. 


',OD pala 



si23e>o3j palaye, see 3i©o3j. 
sj(°3-3d palara, see ^^-6. 

6^<D'5^ palasa, s. The tree Butea 

sj£) pali, s. An elder sister. 
sJO pali, see si&. 2.^^^ 3j<9. 

sJC)=ff palike, ^. A valley, decli- 
vity. 2. a pond, ditch. 

tit)i> palita, sec yC^. 

3JS^, si£t^ palita, palipu, s. 
Effect, virtue, efficacy, as of 
a hand, medicine, etc. 2. 
durability, survivance 

siSs^^ palipuni, see ^eS^^. 

oj^j palu, s. Ripening, as of fruit, 
"i^.see ^t3*. adj. Half ripe. 

3Js3 pale, see t.^-s^. 

sjoj,?:) palkuni (^'5-), v. n. To 
be very soft, as an over- 
ripe fruit. 2. to be pliant, 

3Je3 iS palgsedi, see '^'A^]^ 


sjsi^i^ palgedi, ^. A base, mean 

sj© paldi, see t^t). 

3:©^c^ palnlriji, see 7!,o^o^. 

sje:* pall^, see 3i<yo^. 

crfs; palla, ^. A small enclosure 


of wicker work for keeping 
cooked food during an enter- 
tainment. 2.seet,^. 

sje; oJi pallang-a, s. A canopy 
over a couch or bedstead. 

sji^ ■§• pallaki, s. -s? c-3-. 

sil^ejpallata, adj. Overwhelmed. 
2. altered. 3. misplaced. -^ 

55S> to be altered. —•^'>^^\^?i to 

t,^^ pallana, s. Rags. 2. patch- 
work of a garment. — sjs^^^^ 
to wear patched garments. 

sJ^>oS)o pallayi, i". An earthen 

srio ^ pallava, 3". A sprout, shoot. 


sJs;"?) palla, s. A port. 2. see 


s:!s3"e)(:ao^ palladuni (^^^), ^'.^2. 

To be unsteady. 
sj£) palli, ^. A house lizard. 


2. a fork. 3. a rake. —Tit^o^ 
to grasp one's hands in a 
children's game. 

si^j pallu, adj. Stupid, simple. 
2. timid, spiritless, wanting 
boldness; cf. eiS. 3. see 
^^i):) . —^osio^a mad <?;>' howl- 
ing jackal, —t'^-dji,?:^ a weak 
fellow; a stupid man. 

3J?3 palle, s. The spleen. 2. the 


large bean of Entada mona- 
stachya\ also — ^O3o. ■^-E'dcs^ 
ci— the knee-cap. — rf ^j^^ooa 
a bundle of the said beans. 
— 20j3-dj the creeper of Entada 
monastachia. — /^2Co^S) to play 
with Entada seeds. 
sJ?3o-S- pallenki, s. A palankeen. 

3Js3-^6j;^rt pallekkiroga, s. 

3Js5?i* pavanu, s. A gold coin 

equal to twenty shillings. 
ti'^t^ pavana, 3". A sieve, strainer. 

tj^"^, sj^dj^jd pavana, pavama- 
na, s. Air, wind. 

!d pava 


SJJo, paski 

3Jd^, sjjj^ pavala, pavala, see 

sj^^, pavitra, adj. Clean, pure, 
purified, s. Sacrificial (or 
kusa) grass, Poa cynosuroi- 
des. 2. a ring of kusa grass 
put on the fourth finger by 
a Brahman while performing 
a ceremony. 

sis^oz^ pavunci, s. A bracelet of 
gold beads. 

sJs^oZo pavuDji, s. The Dasara 

5J^oz3a^6 pavunjigare, s. A fop, 
dandiprat; a vain or proud 

3J^23 pavuji, see i^S,. 

sJ^O pavoli, see ^^o^^- 

sjs^sjsj pasapasa, see ti-dtiti. 

3j2^o pasu, s. An animal in 
general. 2. a beast. 3. horned 

sii pase, see "^t. 

Sj3s)3"3dj, oj3D3'5)sJ pascatapa, 

^ - - ^ i^ 
pascattapa, ^. Contrition, re- 
pentance, remorse, sorrow. 
2. pity, compassion. — eyLa 
to be penitent. — sizS^/sreo^, 
— -rfo^Os^^ to repent. 

sis^osS, sJ?dowpas^mbe,pasambe, 
s. A sack 6';' bag made of 

3i?jor>S pasangari, s. A kind of 

s:l?io3*, 5J?jo3j^ pasantiji, pasand^, 
«<^'. Comely, handsome, well, 
pleasing, nice. 

s:j?oo^„ sJr^icd, pasantra, pasandra, 
s. Vicinity, neighbourhood, 

sJJi^ pasakka, see -^■d'^^. 
sJ?N)Ooijo^ pasariyuni, see ^;6do?i. 

sJ?io^ pasalij, s. The share of a 

5J?o© pasali, ^Ci2 v^^- 
sjrj's^ pasadi, j'^^ sjs^jsa. 

s:l?j'3C3^ pasady, s. Transpiring, 

becoming public. 
sir^D^ pasari^, see '^'^^^' 
sirj'sD pasari, ^. A druggist. 
sj^ pasi, s. A boy. 2. a child. 

sJojo^d pasinkara, i". Dampness, 
wetness. 2. yielding, softness. 
sJ^ileJ,, 3:!^?^^ pasigetti, pasiget- 

te, see '^^^^ 


6^1^ pasu, see 3i^. 

sj?3 pase, 5. Moisture, wetness, 
dampness. 2. greasiness, 
oiliness. 3. essence, sub- 
stance, strength. S)e5rf— 
dampness. nOsj^_ greasi- 
ness of ghee. ^T^^rf— the 
strength of tobacco. 

sJ?3do^ paseruni (^;65), z;. n. & 
^. To extend, difi'use, spread. 

sj?j^ paskij, 5-. Collection, fee. 
—^^^ti to collect a fee. 

3i?j,e3., 3J?5,aj, paskatti, pasketti, 
.y. Turf, sod, sward, removed 
from the earth for covering 

a wall, etc.^ with it. 
sJrUAQ^ paskar^, see sitjs-d. 
sJAk paski, s. Punishing a boy 


6^7i^ pasku 


33-3 on pangi 

by making him to stand and , 
sit alternately with both 
ears seized by his fingers 

t>7ixt^ paskutta, s. Sickliness. 
_c3dSo a sickly man, invalid. 

7iAQ> paskedi, see ^-e^- 

ijria, paspu, «<^'. Clear. 2. wet; 
c/. -tjt. 3. see ^::^y^- 

^tjU^ passarii, i-. Clipping, cut- 
ting asunder. 2. killing, mur- 

sjjoj ^ passuni, see t^^^s,^. 

6i°^o'o^,t>°-^orf palank^, palang^j 
see tiS) o7(. 

3is^o=CTri palankena, see sisic^^. 

sils^^oor? palantige, s. Declivity. 

si'^d^ paladya, s. Sauce or pep- 
per-water with or without 

5J°vsJ°^ palapala, s. The rippling 
noise of Avater. adv., see 

t>^'5f^ palane, see ^vs^. 

sj^ pali, s. A long rice-field. 2. 

see -^. 
ij^€ palike, see t,d. 
ii^o^c'j^j palenkuni (-^c^), z'.a. 

To upset, overturn. . 
t>'-^^r;} palkuni, see t,^^^?^. 
3J< palla, s. A shallow stream, 

pond, ditch. 2. a hollow, low 
' spot. 3. a hole, pit. --^oajo^i 

to roll in a pond; to fill up 

a hollow. 
sj^ palli, s. A mosque. 2. see 



ii'■^^ pallu, see ^^^. 

sj^ palle, see ^°i . 

t,^^ pallena, s. Light, shine. 
2. see sic^^. —^t?i to become 
light ; to shine. 

sj=^ paksha, s. The dark or 
bright half of the lunar 
month. 2. a side, flank. 3. a 
party. 4. partiality. 5. an 
argument; a position ad- 
vanced or to be maintained, 
—crooio a partisan, adherent. 
— sjs^, 3iTJ— partiality. — si^S 
a partial person. ~^^, —^^^ 
paralysis. — s^sctodSo a para- 
lytic, ^g)^— the dark lunar 
fortnight. ^^%— the bright 
lunar fortnight. ^i^^AO^-j?!;^^ 
si^^AO €o-djSi to take a side. 

sJ=aS3-3;3, 3:;=5' s3DOdjo pakshavata, 
pakshavayu, s. Paralysis. 

si0«) osd pakshlntara, i'. Another 
side or part. 2. the opinion 
of a party. 

sj^ pakshi, see ^\ 


si or ;3DcD^ pakshival^, see si^iro 

oSo under ^i^. 
33Do^* pankiji, .y. A kind of 

musical instrument. 
Sjs)o=3' paiika, see ^c^. 
S3i)or1°-;^ pang-ala, s. A portion, 

share, — ooss^osi to divide; to 

SDchsri, Sjiiohdcd, ^Je)or)Cj^c^ 

pang-itana, pangidana, pangida- 
na, i'. Scorn, mockery, jeering, 

^Dor\ pangi 


^D^ paka 

53s)oriolr9^^) pang-iyavuni, c. v. 

(^sj;5o7.o:sooc'i) To despise, jeer, 

S3«)oAoJoo^, S3c)orioo^ pangiyum, 

pang-yuni (^oK), v. n. To be 

despised, jeered, mocked. 
S5sior\^s;pangila, adj. Precious. 

S3e)or{j pangu, ^. Sickness. 2. a 
share. 3. proportion. 

53Dot54>?3D^ pancaleri,i, see s3ot37)s?5. 

S3e)oti panja, adj. Oblique, slop- 

S5e)cXid, 53"9ot3i)rf parijara, panja- 
ra,^. A den, cave, cavern. 2. 
a cage. 

53s)oe3^, Sj'SoeJo pant^, pantu, s. 
Fatigue, weariness. — ^uo^^i 
to get weary. 

53e)oB pante,5-. A spool. r^^^^ 

S5e)o^ pante, s. A stiff, stunted 

SJSo^i) pautela, s. Stiffness; 

o5e)o::a panda, see s:sca. 

53e)oJ:^3 pandara, s. Pale or 
yellowish white. 

S5s)o:^d^-^o^J pandava bajjei, .y. 
A large" kind of areca nut. 

351)03^5^, 5j«)o33sSpandavu, panda- 
ve, s. A pigeon, dove. 

ss'Soc^sSd^ pandavery, s. The five 
Pandu princes. 

35e)o^ pandi, s. A country in 
the south of India, compre- 
hending part of the modern 
Tamil provinces. —^::i'ii:i^ 
— -^liocrl) a male's garment 
manufactured there. — ^tj, 
see ttjscci'^. 

33'soao*', S5"3ccl2;* paridil\ji, pan- 
delij, ^. A kind of tree; cf. 
sroodo^. _^e!) large ears. 

3D"3o3^o pandu, s. The father of 
the five Pandu princes and 
sovereign of ancient Delhi. 
adj. Pale, yellowish white, 
piebald. —?:)£j liver complaint. 
— ■jS.seA the white leprosy. 

SjDoCso pandya, see sj^oa. 

o5c)ocld pannere, see z^'&^ under 

S3^o:^ panta, adj. Linear, regu- 
lar, methodical. 

Sj"So^o^ pantuni (s^^og), ?:'. n. To 
be eager, impatient. 2. to 
vie, compete. s:do§33iio§S 
eagerly, ardently. s3Doi^ol 
S /^=^a to purchase eagerly. 

SjDos pante, s. A butterfly. 

ss'Sod^, SjDouj^ pandava, pan- 
davu, s. A thin strip of a 
cocoanut branch or of other 
fibrous trees, generally used 
as a band or tie. — rf ai'f a 
string (?r cord made of such 

Sj-joas:^, ^soc3u^ pandil^, pan- 
deli^, s. A kind of bush. 

o5«)oo5 pampu, see ^^^^■^■ 

»j"5!o23JSs;^pambol^, i". A kind of 
flat, long fish. adj. Long, 
slender. — ^?t5 a rat-snake. 

o5«)^° pakia, i^i^'t'. Once a day. 
— -^.^lior^ to cut once ; to tap, 
as a palm-tree. 

Sj«)=ct paka, adj. Some, several, 

^1^ paka 


sroS padi 

a few. ~^^ a few persons. 
_?idocxio some time. 

SZD"^ paka, i". Maturity, the state 
of being boiled or ripened. 
_£?L^ to be fully ripe; to 
be properly prepared, as food, 
efc. — -sSo^o^^) to cook, boil. 

^ra^o paku, see ^^. 

SJD^O'J^ pakutti, s. A knife for 
cutting betel-nuts. 

sj^nd, s^^rTBd pagara, pagara, s. 
An inclosure, fence; a ram- 

^Df\ page, s. A kind of tree. 

5je)2c paca, 5-. The lungs of fish. 

2. the skin of the leg. 
5ji)za pad, s. A sponge. 2. .y^^ 

^^2&A, 3jD2^j pacige, pacu, s. A 

kind of pill. 
^DZ§o% sjd^'^ pacil^, pacile, ir. 

A bivalve shell, Mythilus. 
53i:d pace, sec ^^Ji- 2. .y^^ ^^^ 

53i!^,c2o, 53-3t3D^ paccaye, pa- 
Javu, s. A pasha, sovereign, 
ruler. -^^^^^ royalty of a 

53i)t2 paji, s. A servant, menial. 
fft)3S ^';?:io 3:^22 z?^ even a Kazi 
may become a menial; mis- 
fortune may reduce a great 
man to obscurity. 

^D^, s3-3^o3j paje, pajeyi, s. 
Algae, lichen. -^^» algae 
to grow. 

5je;2!oaj, sjD^e^ pajeyi, pajevu, 
s. The tree Ficus conglonie- 
rata ; «/.?(? a Xr^J ^4^- 

sae>sJ pata, ^^^ ^^• 

SjDSJ^; patala, J. Pale red, rose 
colour. 2. the trumpet flower 
plant; also s^DiieS. -^t the 
trumpet flower. 

S3e)£3D'^ patali, s. The manager 
<3r warden of a temple. 

331)Ij pati, s. A gang of work- 
men, particularly working 
on roads. 2. road-work ; rt/i-i? 
s::s^3i £eod 3. a party, set of 

5J35J patha, 5'. A lesson, task. 
2. reading. — ^e3 a school. 
_^e;o^?i to commit to memory. 
—^.^Lrsj to deliver a lesson. 
_-rfjs?Ov» to learn or commit 
to memory, as a lesson; to 
practise, do frequently; to 
contract a habit. 

S5Xw^ padij, s. Likeness, simila- 
rity, mode, form, order. 

35-3:3 pada, J'. An oil vessel. 
2. a liquid measure equal to 
about one maund. 

S3D33ii padaga, s. An anklet. 

srads:* padalu, sec ^^6. 

33e)CSe)3 padari, adj. Destitute, 
poor. 2. extravagant, reck- 
less, ruinous. 
I 33^^i)d^, padavalli, see S^«3. 

^sz^D^^ padavuni, c. v. {of ^ 
t^Joi)To cause to throw, place, 

Sj^a padi, ^. An under-wood, 
small forest; also sso. 

SJe)t«J pidu 


srai pate 

33e)Cijr! paduga, see s;)rfA. 
o3e)Jior^o3jdpaduniyere, see under 

53«)i^o^ paduni {^^), v. a. To 
throw, cast, fling; to dis- 
charge, as a missile weapon 
or fire-arm. 2, to place, put. 
3. to put on, dress. 4. to 
pour. «5o?\_ to put on a coat. 
Aoocio— to shoot. ^rf&— to 
name. ^r^o5— to pour into a 
pot. A0^6S_ to throw into 
a well. ^^>^S— to put into 
a box. S33a thrown, dis- 
charged; worn; poured, sioa 
£3ee3 s:raa ^a^s^ lit. the task 
set and the food doled out; 
slavery which exacts the 
largest quantity of labour 
for the least pay. 5j5T^:)r?cSoT3j 
SJ^cS-5, sroc??-^ lit. put for eat- 
ing; any thing serving as 
sauce or pepper-water. 

33'e)i:l^i505J padenayi, see t>-d^os)x 

SIs)LlJ3r3j^ padonuni, rejl. v. {of 
sTOilir^) To wear, dress; to put 
on a mask. 

5J3cS 6 padnere, see under s^si^osi. 

33e)i:S ?^ paddana, s. A legendary 
account of the demons and 
heroes of the Tulu country in 
verse. sio^raa— the tale of 
the demon Jumadi. ^t^A.^ 
to recite such verses. 

53"3Z^p padya, s. The first lunar 
day of either fortnight, 

o3e>:^^ padruni, see z^irio^. 

33i)cl pani, s. The hand. — Aj^r© 

a marriage. 

sDDC^ pani, s. A large water- 

554)r§^ panini, s. A celebrated 
Sanskrit grammarian. 

Sj15cI pane, s. A large earthen 

SjDcI 6 pannere, see under s:;dt5oS). 

S3"s^, 35tisFj pata, patana, ^^^ 

^D^'u, s^Dsri pataka, pataga, s. 
Sin, crime, s^d^-ct, s^;);^^, jjs^j^ 
a sinner. 

Sjd^S'^;^ patala, s. The infernal 
regions, hell. — Axiorf. _A-rfoi§ 
a drag to catch things under 
water; e/. A-dor5sGDsx)=s< under 
ATiori. _A0e3^ a demon so 
called. — Aj^f© an eclipse 
below the horizon. —^^'^'^ a 
demon so called. 

53s)>B pati, i". A small boat. 2. 
a trough (?r bathing tub. 3. 
a spout, drain, sluice, tube. 
4. a nursery for plants. 

^"Svl^c patitya, ^. A lapse, fall. 
2. loss of caste. 

oJDvlD patiri, s. A priest. 2. a 
demon priest. 

SJD^oi^o pativratya, ^. Chastity. 
^e)io patu, adj. Bent. — ^"??:o> 
to bend, be curved. 

Sj'Si^j^ patuni, 5"^?^ ss;:^4s). 

o3e)Jd patera, 5". A word, speech, 
saying. 2. language. 3. a 
promise. — t^.'sbr^ to promise. 

ss'si pate 




c&>c^ 2o"23 s3siTJ eroc-rfo I have ' 
something to say. i 

sralDt!^^, S3i)|53j)F5^^ patera- : 
vuni, paterpavuni, c v. {of -^^ j 
■dosi) To cause to speak. 2. 
to make reproach. 
33«)iD pateri, ^^^ ^-^S- 
S5-9ldo^ pateruni (^^5), t'. «. 
To speak, say, converse, talk. 
V. a. To reproach, scold, 

35i)^ patra, adj. Worthy, fit, 
suitable, s. Worth. 

33^)5, S5D5 patra, patre, s. A 
vessel in general; a plate, 
cup, jar. — ^^ a round kind 
of water-gourd. 

S5^3, patri, .s^^ ^§S- 

sj^d pada, :?. A foot. 2. the 
foot or line of a stanza, — Se 
tjir water in which a spiritual 
guide has washed his feet; 
a foot-bath, -bed a foot-stool. 
— ^* worshipping the feet, 
as of a guru. —'^%^ a sandal, 
shoe. — ~?^ prostration; per- 
sonal service. 

SjDd^?^ padatti^e, s. The pe- 
destal of a column. 

53e)dO^ padarasa, s. Quicksilver, 

S5i)dS padari, s. The tree ^i^- 
nonia chelonoides. 2. ^-^^ ^^^• 

53"SC3s)e3ri padatige, see s:^-^J^7?. 

SJ3C35U padara, s. A pair. 

S3-3dj€, o^^cjjri paduke, padu^e, 
J. Wooden sandals. 

55-3 ;5 pade, ^. A rock. -^« a 
flower growing on rocks. 
— -doo^o Polycorpaea corymho- 
sa\ of. esy-sd. 

ssDCio padya, i'. Water for wash- 
ing the feet. 

sjsa, 53^d, padri, padre, .r. An 
European clergyman. 2. a 
Christian missionary, mini- 

53^^^ panu, s. A page. 

53Df^ pana, s. Drinking, '^^^g- 
drinking spirituous liquors. 

o5t)?i5 panaka, s. The cooling 
drink made from jaggory, 
pepper, and water mixed 
together, lemonade. — ^jS 
offering such a drink to a 

z^Ri^^nt panapatra, s. A drink- 
ing vessel, cup. 

■^-hiiTf, S5"3^-s?j* panasijL, panasij, 
s. A lantern. 

53^^ pani, .^ Water. 

S3t)j^ pane, s. A kind of brass 
vessel. Sj'-^— a vessel made 
of palmyra leaves. — ^^?> 
to make a small basket of 

S3^^ panka, see sz5~o. 

SjDsi papa, s. Sin, fault, trans- 
gression, iniquity, crime, 
guilt, wickedness, evil. 2. 
pity. adj. Vile, mischievous. 
2. pitiable. ©oS^^?- alas! 
what a sin ! what a pity ! -"^ 
^^ a wicked act. — 7\ore a 





33-30001) pay a 

depraved nature. — sio'3-?^rf3, 
_ri5^ confession of sin. — ?ro 
^^, — 5o"dre ~7!ib^ffd pardon, 
atonement of sin, absolution 
from sin. —Tio'^Ti distress 
occasioned by sin. -4t^o 
vice and virtue. — s'uo r'i to 
commit evil; to incur guilt. 
— ^6j? r®j^ to be hardened in 
sin. — ■rfo'^o^^) to sin. 

S0e)3j^ papate, s. The parting 
of the hair on a female's 

S5e)SJ^o papatu, see sjs^^o^. 

5j3s:I0 papari, s. Pauperism, des- 
- titution. 2. a pauper, adj. 
Insolvent. fpers. 

ss-ssjro^ papas^, s. Shoes, slip- 
53e)^^^ papavuni, see s33Sjs4^. 
5J3s:!0r^ paparige, s. Insolvency. 

53e)53"sli papatme, s. A sinner, 

S3e)S3'35^ pEpavu, adj. Bent. 

S3e)53"3^^ papavuni (^s^), v. a. 

To bow, bend. v. n. To be 

sufficient, enough. 
S3e)o5s)?;* papasijL, see srosico. 

o3«)^i, S5^^^ papi, papishte, .y. 
A sinner. 2. a destitute man. 

STS^ papu, .y. A small bridge; 
a stone or log of wood, etc.^ 
serving for a bridge. 

35e)35 papu, adj. Enough. - 

33'3s2 pape, s. An image, statue, 
puppet, doll. adj'. Bent, in- 
clined. — -rfj-d a bent tree. 

. -Qeba, -srotii?) to offer a re- 

presentation of one's self as 
a thank-offering to a deity. 

Sj's^^jg papottu, adj. Suffering 
innocently. — N^i^re?) an in- 
nocent sufferer. 

S3e)djt5^ pamaci^, s. A small 
wooden bridge. 

ssDSJos^ pamacca, s. A kind of 

sa-ssjo2o, sradot^o pamaji, pamaju, 
J. Moss. 2. a green substance 
floating on stagnant water. 
—tj^^^ to become mossy. 

55e)djd pamara, adj. Ignorant, 
stupid, foolish. 2. wicked, 
vile, base, rude. — a;?^ low, 
ignorant people. — ^^ igno- 
rance, rudeness. 

SJDSJJO pamari, adj. Vile. 2. scab- 
by. — -^jseA scabbiness; itch, 

S3i)0Jj paya, ^. Foundation. 2. 
gain, profit; cf. 3:^03jrf. — ^js 
?^^> to look to one's own 
advantage. — <ij3?zl)^, — c3i^^ 
to dig a foundation. — sstSooi 
to lay a foundation. — •rfjs^o^ 
o) to gain. 

SjDodj paya, s. Coming into ex- 
istence, or being delivered 
of a child, as among Pariahs, 
etc. 2.J^^3icdo. — CJ'bS), s:3odj3 
l^^ to be born, delivered of 
a child. 

35e)Ojj?o payasa, s. A preparation 
consisting of rice, milk, and 
sugar. |-OTodo. 

S3«)05j3o!j^ payapini, see under 

S5D0o3-3 paya 


sjSDs) para 

^d:^d^'^ payavuni, c. v. {of 
sjsojoo^) To ripple, agitate 
the surface of water. 

^■5)050 payi, s. A sail. 2. a mat. 
3. see sj;)ai:. —^uj.oi, —■^054?) 


to take the sails in; to de- 
camp, run away. — ^jsbr?), 
_c?D:l3r°), — ^:oa^^^ to set sail. 

o5'5o5j=a'?)?5, 53'303j^i)fS payikane, 

payikhane, s. A privy. 
«a«)03ocj, o«)D5ji:f payida, payide, 

.y. Profit, advantage, gain. 

2. ready money- 
53e)03JCi^ payidala, i". Infantry. 
53"so5o?ii)§ payinali, i'^^ siosoospso. 
S5e)05je;*^3s^ payil^mane, -y^^ ^^ 

35e)05j3^^ payisy, adj. Public, 
published, known. 2. see s^s 
orfj?j. 3..yfc'^ ^ioJ- — ■rfos;*o.^> to 
publish, advertise, notify, 
make known. 

S5e)03-?i payisa, ^^^ 3j;)a:iJ=i. 

Sj^odoj^ payuni (s;)03o), ^.^2. To 
ripple, be agitated, as the 
surface of water. 2. to be 
diffused, as molten metal, 
etc., in a mould. 

53e)o3j=^e3* payekkel^, see siodo^^. 

s5«)o3^^^ payesu, i-^^ ^^oJ. 

S3e)0w0oN payyana, .Ji?^ xIkjjo^, 

53e)D^ par^, .y. An islet. 

S3i)D^ par^j, i". The opposite 
bank of a river. 2. end, 
extremity. — e??:?) to pass, 
ford, cross over; to get 
through or over a difficulty. 

—•rfj^o^^ to make pass or 
cross over; to deliver from 
a difficulty. ^ 

SODD^S^^^J^ parijpopini, see sraH; 

Sj'srf para, .y. Guard, custody," 
keeping. —5335?), — -rfos^o.^ to 
guard. -^os;^j,o) to guard, 
watch. — a?l;^, _;:dc1o^ to 
place a guard. — c^cSo a 
sentry, guard. s3D^jaci3 aebsi 
to put in a lockup. « 

SJ3:3 para, s. Brooding, hatch- 
ing, incubation. zui-Q&xki s'o's'o 
» to brood, sit on eggs. z:^ 
t3.=)ao QeL^ to place the eggs 
for brooding or incubation. 
sjdt5jsao eoLr^ to prepare to 
sit on eggs after a fowl has 
finished laying them. 

S3DC^orl6, 55"arfosiojjr parampare, i 

paramparya, .y. 


order or succession. 2.tra- \ 

dition. i 

S3e):^t3s);3 parajata, see ^isara^. \ 

^■3tc3i)o3j paradaye, s. A guard, ' 

sentry, or watchman. \ 

S3'3CjrfJ5^r=5paramarthika,.y. One \ 

intent upon another world, j 

adj. Real, true, sincere. j 

SjaiDs)y parata, s. Running, a { 

race. j 
S3i>DD0J:ra parayana, s. Reading 

from a sacred book the lesson 

for the day. 

35«)D^rfj^> paravuni, c. v. {o/^'^^ \ 

^) To cause to run; to drive. 

S5i)a pari 


SJ'Si; pala 

c3e)S pari, s. A milk pot. 2. 

water. 3. .y^^ s^ssD. 
53«)Q?^ parige, j"<?^ s:3rraw. 

55e)DE3s:^ parijata, ^. One of the 
trees of paradise, Nydajithcs 
arbor tristis. 2. the tree 
yielding every wish. 

Sje)D2i parisa, see sjsiir. 

Sj«)do paru, j"6'<j zj^'b. 2. ^^^ 5TO"d. 

^"SOj^i paruni (^a^), 7'. ;z. To 
run. 2. to fly. 3. to escape. 
sS?^— to expire. S33"do?rao3j, j-^^ 


53e)dosJr^ parupani, ^. A drizzling 

53e)rfjsj^n parupatya, .y. Manage- 
ment, superintendence. — aso 
a manager, superintendent. 

33c)dj^j parulu, .y^^ z:s^,%^:>. 2. 

55e)6 pare, i". The hip, haunch. 
2. the shoulder. 3. the scom- 
ber, a kind offish; rt;/i'£' sro-^sjs^. 
4. 5^^ sj^iJ. 5. i-<fc ^^r^. 
_&!s-doS) the hip or shoulder 
to be dislocated. 

?3"36oh parengi, s. An iron 
crowbar, used for digging. 
2. a lever. 

53e)6o2o parenji, see tsB'S,. 

S3«)de3^ parelu, s. A fugitive 
animal. 2. see sj^ujs^o. 

o3e)6e3 parele, ^. A runner; a 
run-away, truant ; a fugitive. 

35e)8j3^o parolu, s. A young she- 

53e)=3'rcl parkane, s. Paying in- 
to a government treasury 

the revenue collected by a 
village officer. 2. examina- 
tion of coins, assaying. 
a3e)ir parte, see Tj^r. 

S3DqJr partha, s. A name of 

Arjuna. —T^-i^i Kruslma. 
Sje)dr^ pardana, see zjiiri^^. 
^■ssJF^e;^ parpadilij, adj. Empty. 

Sj^sjrrs parvana, s. A particular 
funeral ceremony. 2. a cake 
used at a funeral ceremony. 

sjbsjFvB parvati, s. The wife of 

^i>hr parsi, s. A Parsee. 2, the 
Persian language. — ^?^, 

— ?fe co the kingdom of Persia. 

o^D^r parsva, -y. A side. 2. a 
part. 20<2^— the right side. 
cdoc^_ the left side. 

^D^^ pal^j -J- A share, portion, 
part, division. — ast?, _ cdoSo 
a partner, a^^— on all sides ; 
dispersion. — e?b^ to be di- 
vided. — t^j^?-;^?itogiveapart, 
portion or share. —t^F^ to 
apportion. — a?b^, —-rfo^^o^S) to 

divide. sj^^ /.y sotnetimes 

added to cardinal numbers 

for the purpose of forming 

multiplicatives ; as^ ^6~ qua- 
Sj"se>^ palaki, see sridc-S-. 

5j"5)2-)^ palake, vV. A keeper, guar- 
dian; a protector, preserver. 
^^^^— a doorkeeper, porter. 
cg^o^S the regents of the 
eight points of the compass. 


S3e)^ pala 


ssi;^^ pasu 

5:D^?2palane, s. Cherishing, pro- 
tecting, nourishing, nursing; 
see titizj^Qj^. 

o^iD-DTo, 33D3D^ palasa,pElase, j"^^ 

Sjs)© pall, i'. Invoking, address- 
ing in prayer. 2. a vow. 
—jifl ?. to implore ; to make a 

S3i;C)^^, 53D©C^0-ci, SjDO^O?) 

palipuni, paliyuni, palisuni (s^ 
s?. ^:i.i!3), T'. (2, To nourish, 
cherish, protect, keep. 2. to 
bestow, give, grant, distri- 
bute, vouchsafe. 

53i)53, sjsdosoo pale, palembu, .s. 
The spatha of palm-blossoms 
or of an areca branch. 2. a 
cap made of areca spatha, 
3. the sole of the foot. 4. 
the tree Alsto7iis scholaria. 
^ozi— the stalk of a spatha, 
—aebg) to put on a cap; to be 
in servitude, — z;^j ?) to hold 
a spatha ; to beg. — o^o,^ the 
spatha of an areca branch to 
fall off. ^O— a kind of grass. 

S3«)ei^ palevu, s. A large tor- 

ss'SDJrs palguna, see ^e;:> p®. 



SJBSJ" palya, ^, A grant. 2. i-^^ 

5jD:i!i3 pavate, s. A step or stair. 
—3*0^^^ to erect steps. 

sj3d£j pavate, s. The bush 

Pavetta Indiea. 
sjs^cl pavade, 5. k foot-cloth: 


cloth spread on the floor at a 
wedding for the bride and 
bridegroom to tread upon. 

2. a girl's garment, skirt. 

3. a cover. 4. the cloth put 
on the back of a buffalo. 
^?i- a petticoat. 

^D^cs* pavanu, see ts^^. 

suDici, ^vZTi)^ pavane, pavane, 
s. A quarter anna, three pie. 

33e)S^-3 pavati, s. An acknowledg- 
ment. 2. payment. — 'd^ieo a 

S3DSJ?^ pavana, s. Purification. 
2. penance, adj. Pure, puri- 

Sj'sd© p avail, see -^^^jiti. 

^j'srf) pavu, s. A quarter seer. 
2. curing, as tobacco, etc\ ,{ 
see es-5sj54;. — tfjsbrsi to cure, 
as tobacco, etc. S 

'^I'^fj^'if pavupeiciliji, s. A sub- 
scription given to a demon, 

S3'353,'?)S pavori, s. A leech. c5o 
^or_ a larger kind of leech, 

sra^'^S pavoli, s. A quarter 

rupee. ^ \ 

sjsgi pasa, .y. A fetter, chain, : 

bond, tie. 2. a noose, snare. ! 

■^^h pasi, ^. Hanging by the i 

neck. 2. algae. 3. a kind of ! 

glass beads. 4. bleeding of j 

the nose c*;- the gums, —tz-^ \ 

gallows. — K "^shT?^ to hang, j 

?3i;2!j pasu, s. A mattress, ; 

SjDsi^dis pasupata, j. A Sivite \ 
sect, 3Ji)^J7isa;rf , a kind of ' 

^e)S pasva 


ojoti pinja 

charmed Avcapon ; Siva's tri- 
0^4 pasva, see sjs^^r. 

sjs^oc^ pashanda, ^. Heresy, 

SSeJ^od pashande, s. A heretic, 
impostor. 2. a bigot, en- 

S5e)^re)Cc) pashana, s. A stone in 
generah 2. arsenic. — s??a 
the plant Friantheina pen- 
tantra. <^^— white arsenic. 
7f^5_, ;rfo^— are some of its 

S5e)rj' pasu, s. The warp of a 
loom. 2. i'^^ s::d^o. —^i^, a 
border. — ai4^fi to prepare 
the warp, —^-^rio^ to fix the 
warp in a loom. 

S3e)?o^ pas^, J-. Passing, as an 
examination or test. — efS:^), 
ZJ7)7ish^ to pass, as an exa- 

o5'3rj*sia=^, 53^rj^sJ§=^pasuparike, 
pas^palike, s. A mattress, ^/<:. 
2. sound sleep. 3. cohabita- 
tion, conjugal harmony. 

^Jt)7i pasa, s. Fasting; ^.cwsjd^j. 
2. the eleventh lunar day of 
either fortnight. 

o2'i)7rji)ot^ pasantra, s. Neighbour- 
hood, vicinity, suburbs. 

^jD^dSi pasadi, postp. With, a 
sign of the social case ; as, ^ 
odo siis^dea ^ec; go with him. 
— cjdoSo a companion, associate. 
— ^e-S) to accompany. 

Sj'SrTsrs pasana, see sjbs:;^?®. 

^■Srj^Sj^ pasapini, j"(?^ under 3:sc3. 

S3^?3 pase, J". A kind of grass. 
Sj"3?jO paspu, see sjs^og^. 

Sje)^ pali, i". A rag, shred. 2. 

^■3^, 55'5)^ pali, pale, J. The tip 

of the ear. 
S5e)S? pale, see sjds?. 

?3^^o, oTs^o palya, palye, j. An 
army. 2. a halting place, ^o 
^os:ds;<o7v)-5 a petty chieftain. 

ooori pinga, ^^^ L-oacj. 

^orira, hof\'^ pingana, pingani, 
see lbo7^r5. 

ojoriu, hoJ\t> pingara, pingare, s. 

The blossom of the areca tree. 
hoT^O pingari, s. Dissipation. 
ojorle;, haT^^ pingala, pingala, s. 

The fifty-first year of the 

Hindu cycle of sixty. 2. 

tawny colour; gold colour. 
^c/is? pingale, s. A demi-god, 

called Yaksha. 2. fire. 
hoTYhZ^ pingani, s. A small plate; 

porcelain, China ware. 
hoT\iit) pingara, see hcX-d. 
hoZ^cd, ojoZQ^^ra pinnana, pin- 

nani, see L)07v)r5. 


oZ§ pinci, s. Parsimony, stingi- 
ness, adj. Parsimonious, stin- 
gy, miserly. -5Soj a miser, 

ooo2drf, ?jocod, pinjara, pinjira, s. 
A bird's cage. 2. the body. 


^025 pinja 


ojta pija 

hoUQ piQj'ari, adj. Dejected- 
spiritless. 2. timorous; timid. 

^oeJ, ^ck^oi^s;^ pinta, pintangelu, 
see SbeoO. 

hozi pinda, s. A lump, heap, 
quantity. 2. a ball, globe. 
3. a mouthful. 4. an oblation 
to the manes, as a ball or 
lump of rice mixed with 
milk, c/c. 5. the foetus or 
embryo, in the early period 
of gestation, 6. the body. 
Lczja^ssS a man entitled to 
make oblations to the manes 
of his deceased relations, ho 
w-??s^3^ the formation of the 

^o^iDod pindanda, s. The body. 

ojoiSi pindi, s. A bundle, parcel, 
burden. 2. what is squeezed 
<?/• ground. S.sctJ^joa.. —-do 
cif'fi harassing, dunning, teas- 



a bundle of 

20|-^ci- a bundle of 
betel leaves. — ^yj,?i to tie 
into a parcel or bundle. 

obo^ pindu, see ^crk). 

he'd pinde, see tcL^. 

hot) pinda, see S:c^o). 

pindinavu, pindinEye, pindonu- 
ni, see tmder L^^. 
ojc^ pinni, see h^. 

ho^ pinne, J". A hole. 2. the 
eye of a needle, eU. — ^^cdoo 
Si the eye of a needle to 

hoit^i pimbili, see 8!ic8!)e5. 

ojoCuJodj pinyanvu, adj. Small, 

li-^Zt^ pikir^, see h-&B. 

h-^<Ji>U, h'uDij pikilata, piklata 
s. Cheating; wheedling, dis- 
honest dealing. —Tki^^^ to 
cheat, deal dishonestly. 

h'u^ pikka, adj. Fast, as colour. 

h=aj7;f, ^=a^r/ pikkasu, pikkas\j, 

s. A pickaxe. 
^=g«)^ pikdani, see Le^c^S). 

h^h'i^ picipici, adj. Miry, mud- 
dy. 2. oozing, trickling. -c^eS 
oozing water. 

liZ^_ picca, adj. Left. — t?^ left 

<^2^od, oj2aoa, h^Q), hl^DoQi, 
oji^Tic^ picccanda, piccand.^-pic- 
cadi, piccandi, piccadi, 5-. The 
hind part. 2. fetters. — a:5 
a rope to tie a horse's hind 
legs. — ^w:),c^ to pinion, tie 
the hands behind. 

hzc €) piccali, see -o-zl e3. 

to '^ 

^e^ picci, s. Mammon; also 
tzi £o^5. 2. the testicles of 
animals. 3. a nut, especially 
the cashew nut ; also — ^jsiicO. 
— -draE a nursery field. — ^ 
a^» to play with cashew nuts. 
— tSsg^^ to castrate. 

5j£§ piece, adj. Left, —"^i left 

o^zlx © piccoli, .y^^ ^'^ «5. 

to '^ 

^2;j pija, see ^a;. 

ojw pija 


h^ pita 

ojZi^ pijakre, see da^^. 
^23 piji, s. A twist. 
^2oo=^ pijinke, see h^^. 

^s3oeo^ pijiatyij ^- Twisting, 

ojZoo^^s^^ pijintavuni, c v. {of 

Ib^ouo^) To twist, writhe. 
oj2ooyo^ pijintuni (S-^oa5), v. n. 

To be twisted, writhed. 2. to 

be distorted, deformed. ■^J3e»— 

the face to be distorted; to 

make a wry face. 
^23o^s3 pijintele, s. A man 

whose features are distorted, 

a deformed man. 
h'&'i pijike, s. A kind of tree. 

2. a twist. 
^t3# pijikre, see £53;^. 
<^23^* pijinij, s. An ant. ^?— , 

are some kinds of ants. 
•^z3^^ pijipuni (?:s2l3), z/. «. To 

twist, as a rope, yarn, etc. 
h'&'Q^ pijirij, s. A thin ear-ring. 

^2oQ?^ pijirig-e, s. The matrix 
of a screw. 

^23rfo^ pijiruni (S^aSS), v.n. To 
turn, return. 2. to abate, 
subside; as rain, fever, ^/^. 
pijji, s. A great grand- 



^. A 

great grand- 


^j^ pijri, ^. The corner end of 

a female's cloth. 
-^^Dd pitare, s. A chest or 

trunk of rattan. 

ei piti, s. Fear. 2. regard. 

^IjIjIj pitipiti, 5-. A small noise, 
~^ri^?j to walk with short, 
rapid steps, as a child. 
— a/SAOoS) to hop, skip, jump. 

hU^^ pitil^, s. A fiddle. 

^^f,, oJ^ pitt^, pitta, s. The 
tartar of the teeth. — sioo ?) 
the teeth to be incrusted 
with tartar. 

ojeJ,?:;*, hkz'^j;.^ pittas^, pittas^, 
adj. Brittle, fragile. 2. not 
properly baked or burnt. 3. 
delicate, frail, thin. 5. sordid, 
stingy, mean, —^"rf a half bak- 
ed earthen vessel. — s3T3t)O30 
a thin-shelled cocoanut. — w'rf 
^ra^ a man of delicate consti- 
tution; a mean person. — ?J3 
^ra^ brittle ware. 

^^3 s3 pittele, s. A miser, stingy 

h^i, oo^^, 00^ pidita, piditta, 
pidta, s. Discrimination, judg- 
ment; bet. coT^irf^. 

h^t pidite, see ^.X5. j-^.^^^^.^ 

^a^3■^s?* pidibal^, s. A kind of 
^C5^ pidku, s. Indisposition, 

hs, hts pita, pitrij, s. A father. 
2. the manes ^;^ deceased 
progenitors of mankind. — ^ 
^or, —^orfor worship of the 
manes by oblation of water, 
food, etc. —^^ the day on 
which offerings are made to 
the manes of an ancestor. 

^3D pita 




— «3je?^ the peculiar region 
or halDitation of departed 
ancestors. — ^ci a cemetery, 
— :* t, like a father ; a father's 
obsDoSO- pitambra, ^^^ bessceo-d. 

^Ss)rfjS3, 5o3-30j pitamahi, pita- 
mi, s. A paternal grand- 

^);^dooc, ^g^sSj pitamahe, pita- 
me, s. A paternal grand- 
father. 2. Brahma, the great 

^^OQ^s* pitulat^jL, i-^^ l:^<y3W. 

^;^J30 pituri, see ^^a. 

hi> pite, i'^^ -^• 

^3^j pitt^, s. Bile. 2. shifting, 
changing position: fickleness. 
— a?i:s» to shift, change posi- 

Isi^ pitta, adj. Bilious, choleric. 
— ss^eS a jaundice producing 
salivation, —a^^ bilious fever. 
_^5?-rf a bilious constitution 
i9r temperament, —t.^ a, _=^ 
rfTJjsj, -oa^e-dos- to be bilious; 
to be irritated. 

^i^ pittappe, s. A man of 
bilious or irritable temper; 
a crack-brained man. 

ht^ti pittara, see S^-tj. 

oj^s3 pittale, ^. Brass. 2. tinsel. 
—^sSctodSj one who listens to 
tales. xleU— pure brass, the 
mixture of copper and zink. 

^^J3j,S pitturi, see l:s,?8. 

h%. pitre, see h^. 

h€i ^\^2.,adj. Outer. 2. lucky; 
t^. L-iosj. — ^^ allurement, a 
lucky hand. -^^^^o^a to 
allure, entice. — ©^ outside, 

^CJo=5 pidanke, see :3^st?. 

owrforid pidangara, ^^^ -t^oii-^. 

htizz:^ pidambu, see ^z^zZjo. 

^Cj=T,pidakei, s. A water-vessel; 
cf. -L^zT.-6. 2. see under ^^'^^ 

^dd3a)s3 pidamale, see ^rfidie?. 

^Cj05o pidayi, «<a^e'. Out, outside, 
abroad, adj. Outer. — rf ^^o 
^ a covetous eye. — j^dSj an 
outsider, stranger, outcaste, 
heathen. ^tz^^ a strange 
woman; a woman in men- 
struation. — t?L^ to be in 
monthly course. — ^eL^ to 
go to stool. 

^Cod pidara, s. The tie-beam of 
a roof, a beam resting on the 
pillars of a veranda. 

5jde)j^ pidaluni (-=^^), v. n. 
To stumble, be sprained, in- 

hui>UD-^'^ pidadavuni, c. v. {of 
Ltrotlifi) To cause to start, 

hu-hTi^"^ pidaduni (?;c^5), v.n. 
. To start, depart. 

hun^ pidara, see h^^. 

^do=^J^r2-^ pidukonuni (?-:ii^js), 
^'. reji. To know, understand, 
comprehend, ascertain, for 
one's self. 

^^"SD pinari, see hf^^. 


oJc5e) pina 


ojO piri 

h^h pinasi, s. A cold affecting 
the nose. 2. a disease of the 
nasal membrane. 

^^ pini, adj. Little, small, 
slight, trifling. -S^^ very 
slight; as, -t^)^ sosr a very 
slight drizzle. 

h^.b^ pinkat^, s. An atom, mite, 

h^^^ pinpavuni, c. v. {of ?j^ 
o)) To make known, commu- 
nicate, inform, report, reveal. 

^?)^ pinpini {l^^),v.a. To know, 
understand, comprehend, ^o 
Q?i4 what is known ; know- 
ledge, acquaintance, infor- 
mation. SicacTOoSo a man who 
is informed ; a learned or wise 
man, scholar. ?ijioafroo3o an 
ignorant man, a simpleton. 
LictSjsroo^ to know for one's 
self. S:?iodo (you) don't know, 
(you) don't understand. 

htj^^ pippali, s. Long pepper. 
Piper longum. 

lih, pippi, see ^^. 

^oJJo piyya, see L?o3j?o. 

^b pira, adt'. Behind, after, as 
to either situation, or tiine\ 
cf. L-d^. 2. again, back. 
— ^^ support, help; as, — ^^ 
tfjsLr^ to support, help. — soo 
a an after-thought. —zpiK 
the hind part. — ^ojso abate- 
ment. sJooaoo— front and rear, 
—ey^f) to abate, subside. — ^js 
^!^^i to give back. — fesdo^ 

to backslide; to with-draw. 
— Qot:^ to place behind, lay 
aside; to postpone, put off, 
defer. — sjst^Jo) to throw or 
put behind; to defeat, van- 
quish. — ^eLa to go back, 
return. — eobr?) to come 
back. -20j3TJoa to lag be- 
hind; to fall back; to be 
defeated, vanquished; to be 
put off, deferred. — -^s^o.^ to 
do again; to delay, dilate. 
o-oSo L-d 8iD-rfo3o he will not 
shrink back; he can be 
relied on. 
ojdo=CT* pirank^, see ls6o^. 

htoT\ pirang-i, i'. A cannon. 2. 

see 3iT3o?\. 

wdo&3*, hto^ pirantu, pirant^, 

see 22do§. 
ht'z piraka, see zs^J^. 
ht'd^'^ piraduni, see ^-drid^. 
^dC9 pirana, see zjsj^. 
h^^ pirata, see sSd^. 
^d3 pirati, see ^B. 
i^dd^ piradane, see ^-dzi^. 
^d»j pirapa, adv. Back; again. 

Ijds^ piravu, adv. Behind, in the 
rear. — ssaS a kind of brace- 
let. -^^^f^^) to follow. — #?L^^ 
to go back, retreat, return, 

^0 piri, .y. A twist. 2. the spiral 
thread, as of a screw. 3. cure, 
healing. 4. abatement, re- 
moval, adj. Curing, healing. 
—■sioSr an antidote. 

oj3 piri 


S.Q pilli 

?j0^e7 pirikatti^, s. Cancel- 
lation, revocation, repealing, 
as an interdict, oath, efc. 

|jO=^ pirike, s. Twisting ; wind- 
ing. 2. the state of being 
shaped like the spiral thread 
of a screw. 

o^t>^^ piritini, J". A ceremony 
at Dharmasthala. 

<^3s3d4c^ piripavuni, c.v. {of ht> 
5gS)) To turn, twist. 

obO^^i piripini, see ?;&cciooS). 

^0^0 piripiri, adv. In a con- 
tinuous drizzle. 2. pratingly, 
loquaciously. — SJ3i-rfo^ to 
prattle, prate. — eoTjr eobr?) 
to rain, drizzle continuously. 

o^t3^ piripu, .f. Abatement, re- 
moval; cessation. 2. anti- 

cjS^^ piripuni (^&), v. a. To 
twist, as a rope. 2. to cancel, 
repeal, revoke, as an inter- 
dict, oath, g/c. 3. to counter- 
act; to abate, remove. 

^QOJo piriya, see fcjccJo. 2. see h^. 

ojOOdJia piriyadi, see ^^cdjara. 

^jOexijj^ piriyuni (^&). v.n. To 
be sober, sane, or lucid, as 
after being drunk or insane. 
2. to be cancelled, repealed, 
as an interdict or oath. ^ 
^■F7\ SjocS lb?irA Zio^ indicates 
a changeable character. 

^x:>^h piriti, see ^e^- 

^6oaO^ pireduni, see t-Srio?^. 2. 

^6^^ pirepuni, ^^^ l3-5?d3^. 

^6oijo^, o^jOS^c^ pireyuni, pire- 
vuni (^^), ^.w. To ache, gripe, 
as the belly or bowels. 
2j6;oo^ piresuni (t-^oJ), v. a. To 
peel, scrape or pare off, as the 
outer coatings of certain 
nuts; to grate, as a nutmeg 
or cocoanut. 
ho^F pirpu, see isgr. 
h^:)F6 pirmara, see i2^^. 
Sjs^jfO pirmari, see t^~b. 
^oi5t)Fa piryadi,^^'^ ^Qodrea. 
hv pila, see t^. 
hO pili, s. A tiger, -^cd^a a 
big viper. —"^j&c-dS, —=^^oi^ 
e^o a large kind of wasp. 
— i.?;-d^ a spotted thoruback. 
^030— a hyena. 
h€)o"^, oj©o23 pilimbi, pilimbe, .y. 
A low ground. rfish. 

2j£i^.:zo^ pilikucci, ^. A kind of 
^S^o'os^ pilikutta, s. Swelling of 

the head. 
^€)S^ pilisu, s. A span. 
hd pile, s. Impurity from birth. 
2. the menstrual. 3. humili- 
ty. — 5yj^^ to humiliate. 
s5^o— defilement, especially 
on account of birth or death 
in a family. 
h^ oQ> pilcandi, s. A demon so 

h^, h^3 pilli, pille, s. A silver- 
ring worn on the toes. — ^o 
B/^ the same ornament con- 
sisting of four silver riugs 

h€) pilli 



5b€ol3^4^c^, ^^J0^^4c^ pilliyavu- 
ni, pillyivuni i^'^f^n^)-, ^'•'^- To 
despise, scorn, slight. 

^s^ea pisaci, s. A demon, 
evil spirit. 

h^M pisune, s. A talebearer, 
informer, spy, calumniator. 

Sj?:*c* pjsi^r^, ^. Displeasure, 
anger. 2. self-conceit, ar- 
rogance. —-^N to humiliate, 
humble. — sobr^, — •dos;<o^^ to 
be angry, offended. 

hT^ob^ pisanti^, s. Fretfulness, 
peevishness. 2. anger, dis- 
pleasure. — ^uo.S) to be fret- 

^roo^, ^:^o^'^ pisante, pisantele, 
s. A fretful or peevish man. 

ob?oorl pisande, s. A kind of 

SjXc* pisar^, see t^^. 
hkokj pisinte, see h:ic&. 
^rCD.D piskari, s. A syringe. 
&r73,d;^ piskavuni, c. 



^>) To take by force, extort. 
2. to compel payment. 
ob?io,^ piskuni (^co;), v. a. 
To squeeze, press. 2. to pay 
on compulsion, pay in ready 

2j?:? s pisnari, see I:??i5. 

h'^ih'^^ h^h^ pilapila, pilipili, 
adj. Sparkling, twinkling, 
glittering, —^dii sparkling 

h'^ pille, i'. A child, baby. 

h^ pi, s. The ordure, excrements 
of human beings, dogs, pigs, 

^^o^ra^ oj^o^^* pinkanij, pm- 
kaniji, s. The buttocks. 

ni, pinkavuni, c. v. (of h^o^a 
rk>^) To cause to slip, move 
or fly out. 2. to press out, as 
tamarind seeds or the testi- 
cles of animals. 3. to get 
on the sly. 

^^o=3^or^o^, oj^o^o^ piiikuduni, 
pinkuni (?^ec^, bec^oS), v. n. 
To escape, slip out. 

^^0=5* ^5* pinkratu, see L?S)I3. 

oj^o/ij^o^ pinguluni, see h^o'&o 

aj^oe§S"305j pincikayi, see ^oXtS. 

oj^oz^ei^ pincil^, «<^. Thin, slen- 
der. 2. bent or crooked. 
— S3& thin (9r bandy legs. 

oo(°c2^s;^ pincel^, <^^". Without a 
handle. — ^^ a knife with- 
out a handle. 

^^023 j)D^ pinjaru, see tcd^. 

^o^j* pint^j s- A twist; distor- 

^osJcF^o^, o^j^o^s* plntan^elij, 
pintelij, ^^^'. Twisted, dis- 
ooeo^i):^?) pintavuni, c. v. (of 
Lecyjsi) To cause to twist or 
distort. ■Sjseri— to make gri- 



^^oeio pintu 





^oeJo^ pintuni (^?cl3), v. a. To 

twist, turn, wring. 
^5o^23"^(^ plntelijitana, s. The 

state of being twisted or 

distorted. 2. perverseness, 

crossness, wryness. 
oj^ojiS, ^^ozoo© pimbili, pimbu- 

11, see 83o20oe3. 
h^'uui)'^ pikadani, s. A spittoon. 
h^=u h^ pikrat\j, see h-^J^. 

^^'oOC^^oo piriadamara, s. The 

pine tree. 
h^'^ pitha, s. A seat: a throne; 

a pulpit, "cs&e— the seat of 

Udipi Svamis. 
^^S^ pithike, s. A preface, 

preamble, introduction. 
^^dcl, ^^d^ pidane, pidane, s. 

Vexation, pain, suffering, 

anguish; cf. h^'d. 

§j^S^^, oo^?io^ pidipuni, pidi- 

suni (teS. t?aco), v. a. To vex, 

annoy, molest. 
Dj^i^oioj^ pidiyuni (^ef^), x'. «. 

To be vexed, annoyed; to 

Ij^cl pide, see h^Ti^. 
h^i, pita, adj. Yellow. 

Sj^sD^^ocI pitar^mani, s. A kind 
of medicine, Veratram album. 
2. antimony. 

*j^3'3o20ij pitambara, s. A yellow 
silk cloth. — v^a Krushua, as 
wearing such a garment. 

h^"^!^ pinasu, see h-^^. 

^^^raS plnari, adj. Stinking, 
emitting a disagreable odour. 

— jiii^js^j a miser, niggard. 
—•rfoTJ the poon tree, Sterculia 
foetida.^ Ailanthus. — ^jsoX, 
see h-^^. 

h%ti^ ^?Sj"j)03j pipa, pipayi, s. A 
cask, tub. 

h^h plpi, s. A kind of pipe. 

5j^^^ pipuni, see h-S.^^. 

^^W3s3 pibale, s. A little child. 

oj^Sjjoc^* pimannu, i-. Miry earth. 

Sj^ojoj^ piyavu, i-. A small 

oj (;o5 J?n piyyo, ?V2(/', An expres- 
sion of ridicule, mockery, 
generally accompanied with 
clapping of hands. 

^^Occloj^), ^^do^ piriyuni, piru- 
ni (S^?5, ?.o&), V. n. To ooze, 
percolate, 2. see S?rJo^. 

^^d pire, .y. A potherb, Luffa 
acutangula. ^c^z^— , 7?.«c8l^_^ 
itotS— are varieties of the 

h%toT\ pirengi, see t-doJ\. 

^^0 pili, s. Pith, a kind of 

rush used as corks. 2. a 

peacock's feather, adj. Dry, 

thin, light. — ^cc§ the soft 

part of a bird's tail. — «59 

oo\xi^) to die out. — ^^ ^cf® 

the star in a peacock's 

feather. — ^uo Si to be stunt- 

ed, to grow lean. 
^^55* T^is\}.,see ^eoJ. 

aj??oO^ pisuni, see Lpdo,^. 

0^0=5% ^o=aO punki^, punku, see 

z^o=d punka 


^ora punna 

^on-zJ pungave, ^. An excellent 

or pre-eminent man. -rfoo^— 

the chief of sages. 
^oA, ^crlj puno^i, pungu, s. A 

sort of drone or bagpipe. 
^orio pungu, s. The Indian 

beech, Pongamia glabra. 

2. see 4^-^^->- 
S^orij^ punguni (^S^^), v. a. To 

rock, toss, as a boat, etc. 

0^0/^, ^ot^sj pung-e, pungele, s, 
A fickle-minded man. 

o^oeCij* punnat^, adj. Tender, 

^0"^ purica, s. A white-ant-hill. 
2. a snake's hole. 3. a kind 
of poison. — ^o'rf a very 
good rice-field. — rf ^joFs the 
termite soil used for chemi- 
cal processes. — ^ a kind of 

o3)oe^S5^ puncal^, see sSiscti. 

c^os^e; puncala, s. A kind of 
fly-brush, held by a devil- 

s^otd punja, s. A heap, collec- 
tion. 2. property consisting 
of ready money. 

c^o^DSj^ puntavuni, c. v. {of 
s^o'^ii^^ To cause to Avring, 
press or express. 

0^)0^0?^ puntuni (4o5j), v. a. To 
wring, as a wet garment. 2. 
to press or express, as juice 
from fruits, etc. 

33)od punda, adj. Mischievous, 

quarrelsome, wicked. —^-^ 

^oii^iij pundade, s. A kind of 

^oCaO pundari, see under ^oa. 

^orae)^, ^o(3Dlji^ pundata, pun- 
datige, s. Mischievousness, 

^0^ pundi, s. The fist. 2. a 
handful. 3. the refuse of 
expressed cocoanut, etc., oil- 
cake. -S5a, ^ork^ spare rice. 
ei'fSrf— the dung of an ele- 
phant. ~^^ , see 53rf5^6 . ^js?&— 
fowl curry and rice balls 
boiled in steam, and served 
on particular occasions. 

^0^3^ punditti^, see sdjoasSl . 

o^o(^i^), punditappu, s. The red 
sorrel, Hibiscus sabdariffa. 

^oiSioJ^c^ pundinaru, s. Jute, 

^o^iDS^ pundibittiji, s. lit. A 
handful of seed. 2. a mode 
of sowing seed in the third 
rice crop (^jas;*?^). 

^o^cdoo^ pundiyuni, see s^oWj^. 

Sj)o3ao pundu, s. A crowd, herd, 
flock, swarm. 

s^odoA'^Qr^, ^oc^o^^ punduga- 
rige, pundutana, see ^orjaw. 

^od punde, s. A bush, thicket. 
—^ si-CTj. see ^ot^d dSSci— a 
thicket of bamboos. 

^orls;^ pundel^, see ^ozf6. 

^orado punname, s. The day 
of full moon. 

o^oi punte 

^ol punte, see ^ci. 
^c£) pundi, adj. Sapless. 
o^o5r£3^ purnkat^, s. Storing, 

420 ^/^ puge ?| 

useless. 2. false, untrue. 1 
<2-3?r'. For nothing, in vain; cf. \ 

keeping. 2. see j^oafO. 

0$ 0=3^0^ purnku, J^^ sgiS'or. 

o^ortre/ purng-atu, -y- Fermenta- 
tion. 2. decomposition, decay. 
adj. Fermented. 2. decom- 

o^onir^^ purngdvuni, ^. v. {of 
c^z7(or^'j To cause or allow to 
ferment c?;' decompose. 

e§orlo5^?j purnguni (=5;-^"), t'. ?2. 
To ferment, undergo fermen- 
tation. 2. to decompose, 

^of^?^o^ purngel^, adj. Fer- 
mented. 2. decomposed, de- 
cayed, mouldy. 

^cr^rsS purngelSj s. A dirty 

S3)o2^o^?j purncuni (^^^f^), ^'. «. 

To squeeze, as a lemon, ^/^. 
c^odr purnde, ^. A thorny bush; 

c/. ^c:?. a^'. Shaped like a 

bush. 2. distended, enlarged. 

— s^UOjS) to be shaped like a 


belly to distend, 
c^oi^puxsa,^. Manhood, virility. 
o^^aa'SOSwroj^ pukalayisuni, see 

^=a3i, o^^o^dQ pukara, pukari, s. 
Rumour, report. 2. alarm, 
noise, --da^o^r^, —<^^^^^ to 
raise an uproar. 

35>^o;^^^c3 pukusate, adj. Vain, 

20C25 srijozfr =5^uj,s> the 



^=CTJ^ pukuli, s. The anus. 
^^ pukky, see 4^0j- 
s^=^e3 pukkate, i-^g sg^oste^. 
^T^d^r;^r^^ pukkalersavuni, 

c^^^cioj^i pukkaliyuni, see rio^ 

^^0, pukku, s. Fear, timidity, 
a;^'. Timid. ^t^^-R:i— being 
easily overcome by fear; a 
frightened goose. — ^^ co- 

Sj^, ^=^,s3 pukke, pukkele, s. A 
timid man, coward, sneak. 

^=a?) o3o?;o^ puklayisuni, see sgrf 


o^^p?:DrsJ^^ puklersavuni, 6". r'. 
To instigate, incite. 

^Tii, ^rlsr^ pugarige, s. Praise, 
eulogium, flattery. 

c^rido^, ^r1°vo^ pugaruni, puga- 
luni (=Sa5, jsa^), ^'. rt. To 
praise, laud, eulogise, flatter. 

^f\ puge, s. Smoke, vapour, 
fume. ~Tijd-Jo6 _© "5-^6 a 
steamer. — © tvsS a railway 
train. — ©.sLri to wish for 
one's ruin. — 33;^o^S) to be 
affected with smoke. — ^ie/soa) 
a shelf in the kitchen. -S 
ae^S), —333:1:^) to expose to l\ 
smoke; to fumigate. 

S^r^^Ji pugepuni (jS>^), -c.a. To 
expose to smoke; to fumi- {i 



^A pu^^e 


^zi puda 

^F^:^oo^ pu^eyuni (=5^), v. n. 

To smoke, reek. 
^A6 pugere, s. Tobacco. ^^-, 

ai^oso— , TiTj^rLi— are some 

kinds of tobacco. 
^A^', ^A^' pugelij, puggeHi, 

s. The shoulder. — 43-^0 ^j to 

give shoulder; to help, assist. 
^z^j^j, pucukku, ^. The force, 

as of spitting. — *ro23^cxjoos> to 

spit out with force. 
«g|W3^ puccadi, ^. The hind 

?;^S§ pucce, s. Braiding or plait- 

ing hair. 2. braided hair. 

_2i5o7v)5 ornaments worn in 

the braids of hair, —^^t^ 

to plait, braid. 

e§2§ pucce, s. A cat. es"d— a wild 
cat. ^cW— a male cat. ^rooo 

Ao— a civet cat. — sj^i^ a 

cat-fish. — -rfjoUj, a kind of 


«^2l =^J50 puccekuli, s. A tooth 

growing after the eightieth 


3g)2S3ooCj^r pucceparudu, s. The 
fruit of Pavetta Indica. 

?5^ puta, s. A page of a book. 
2. folding or doubling. 3. a 
pair. 4. the purifying or 
calcining of metals, etc.^ by 
fire. ^■!^— the hands joined, as 
in supplication, etc. cro?i3_ 
both nostrils. sjScasS sgiBjaXo 
Oeb^ or s^arfj^ to subject 
gold to the process of purifi- 

^ej«)^ putani, see -t^^. 

o^ej putta, adj. Small, little, 

diminutive. —^jiXLoTi a small 

kind of earring. 
c^* puttan^, s. A kind of 

^y^ puttana, s. A thistle. 
3^ We), 5^^ puttavuni, c- v. {of ^ 

w^S)) To produce, originate, 

give birth to, cause to be 

born, cause to take place. 
^ii putti, s. A small round 

basket. -20o&3^ a wickered 

s;))£Jj puttu, s. Cowries; also 

_5?O30. 2. see oojUj,. -.Ha 

soo^S) to play with cowries. 
^sJa^ puttuni (^^), V. n. To 

be born, come into existence. 

2. to arise, originate, spring 

up or from, be produced. 

'^-d::,';^^— to feel pity. ::iJ£0_ 
to be sorry. s:roe5— a child 
to be born. ^\- a report 
to be afloat. 
^^ putte, s. A fox, jackal. 

^s3 putla, s. A bubble, blister, 
pustule, -sps'jj^ a blister to 

3^d putha, s 'e SjW- 

t^xi puda, see ^rio. 

ZjjZH^^ pudatelu, s. A bruise, 
crack, adj. Bruised, broken, 

^c^^^^ pudapuni (^), v. a. To 
break, burst. 

^CsoSj pudayi, ^. A basket. 


^i:^ puda 


o^ra puna 

^lir^f pudasiji, see ^ri^. 
o^C3d:^o^ pudiduni (sgnsS), z\ a. 

To prostrate, bow, salute. 
s^^'305j puddyi, see sgrfoso. 

^t3"3d,^ pudavuni (^z^s), v. n. 
To break, burst. 2. to ache, 
smart. s'cSi— III. the eye 
to break, smart; to lose one's 
sight, abus. ^'oS— a boil 
to open. ^t3— to have head- 
ache. rSjscw— to have sore 
throat; to become hoarse. 

3^^ pudi, s. A sore, ulcer, abs- 
cess. 2. see j§f-5. 

^a pudi, s. A handle, haft, hilt; 
cf. ^tSo. 

^^5=5 pudike, i". A small basket. 

o^Sa^ pudipu, s. Covering, cloth- 
ing. 2. see sd)54- 

a^^a^^ pudipuui (^5), V. a. To 
offend, provoke. 2. to quar- 
rel, fight; cf. eSagSi. ^aija 
ceos> to be offended; to quar- 
rel with each other. 

^(ij pudu, i". Holding, grasp- 
ing, handling. — t?^ the shaft 
of a plough. — ^-^^ a rope 
attached to the yoke of a 
plough, to serve as the 

^^o=ctJ puduku, s. Slight, dis- 
paragement, depreciating. 2. 
insult, indignity. 

^dj=^o^ pudukuni (sstlo^), v.n. 
To be afflicted, grieved. 

o^j^oa puduta, «<:/7'. Foolish. 

^:^o^^ pudupuni, see 42^4^- 

3^^ pude,^. Border, edge, brink, 
margin, brim. 2. interval, 
space. ^Gt^d- the border of 
a field, ^ofi::;^- the eye-lid. 
Xo^Srf- the brink of a well, 
:^js?c§d_. the side of a wall. 
— 4-3^^^ to trim the borders, 
as of a field. — -siiow up to 
the brim. 

^do^o^ pudekuni, see ^'szSs'oS). 

^^^^ pudepuni (4^^), v. a. To 
winnow, fan. 

^rlrfj^j puderuni (^i^5), v.n. To 
suppurate, break, burst, 2. 
to be haughty. 

c^ci pudke, adj. Plump, fat. 
— 80De3 a plump child. 

3j)cI, pudke, s. A stout man. 

^(^j ^ pudpuni, see sS'^jg'^. 

^d d pudpele,^". A quarrelsome 

^s%s^o^ pudyaduni, see ^tss 

^r? puna, ^. A dead body, corpse. 

adj. Dead. 2. inactive. — ^ 

UJ^oi to grow stiff, -^'So^S) to 

bury a corpse, 
^rs^eof, pnnakattij, adj. Emaci- 

ated, slender, reduced to 

skin and bone. 
^rs^ punake, see t^^^. 
^rsjJS)^ punarapuli, s. The 

mate mangosteen, Garcinia 


ojrsa^ punalu, ^. Floating. 
^rs-yo^ punaluni, see ^e^^i^- 


^ puni 


^c3 puda 

S;cS puni, i-. The border of a 

;^ra^23^ punikalli;i s. lit. A 

hand-stone (i^cCig^^). 2. a 

small pestle for grinding 

turmeric, etc. 

3^ci=^ punike, ^. Tamarind. 

—•doTJ the tamarind tree. 
c^r^=^J3e3, punikotte, s. A tama- 
rind seed. 
S^rajorio, ^raorij punuugu, pu- 
nuffu, s. Civet, -rf ^# a civet 
5^rl pune, -s. Security, bail. 

_3^o3j a surety. 
o^ra^^, ^cl^^, ^fl^ppunepi- 
ni, punepuni, punevuni (4^), 
7/. rt;. To persevere till one has 
avenged himself; to contest 
to the last, as a suit. 2. to 
compete, vie. 
«3)c^^ punevu, s. Resoluteness. 
Sj)C^, punya, ^. Religious merit, 
virtue. 2. a good action. 3. 
purity, purification, adj. Vir- 
tuous, good, meritorious. 2. 
pure. — ^■^J" a virtuous deed; 
a meritorious act. — ^s<y an 
auspicious occasion, —^^-^r 
a sacred river. — a?i a sacred 
day. -v£^ the fruit of one's 
merits. — e3j«?^ heaven. — '^o 
^ a virtuous man. — "1^' 
■~A°^ a sacred place of 
pilgrimage. --rfo^-^OK^^i to per- 
form holy or virtuous acts. 
^cQ?oi, ^?§Dcar^ punyatme, 

punyadige, ^. A virtue ubman, 
a fortunate man. 

^W^^tif\ puuuyadige, 5. Good- 
ness; well being; good for- 
tune, prosperity. 

■^mD^-3^ punyaha, s. A lucky 
day. 2. purifying. ~-z-;>'i^t 
purifying a house, etc., after 
accouchement, etc. 

^£„ ^%, ^1. P'lt^a, puttu, 
putte, s. A darling. adj. 
Darling, beloved. 

3^^©, -^i^^ puttali, puttoli, s. 
A gold coin. -/^-^otS an image, 
puppet. -^^CAs5 gold of 12 
carats, —r^-i a string of such 
coins, worn by females. 

^1 putre, s. A son. ^^~ an 
adopted son. s^^sossj; hav- 
ing a family. 4^^^e5J>Ti adop- 
tion of a son. 

t^ti puda.. s. A dove, pigeon. 

o^dorid, 3$)Ci=^(:^d pudangara, pu- 

dakadale, -y^^ ^SrfoX-d. 
^d^s' pudake, 5<f^ ^'=2^- 

2. .9^^ 

^ui=^> pudakei, ^. A kind of game 
by making alternate motions 
and mutually clapping each 
other's hands. — s^s^ofi, — t'^js 
200 S) to play at such a game. 

^d23s6 pudabare, s. A demon 
so called. 

^c5o* pudarijL, ^. A name, ap- 
pellation, designation. 2. 
fame, celebrity, reputation. 
-_£fL^, —0^0,^ to become 
known. — -^"^^ to utter a 


j^n-s puda 


^d pura 

person's name : to bring 
one's reputation into discre- 
dit. — sjs^o^ to name. — ^■^e 
Lri to be celebrated. 

^zz-^h^ pudapini, sre ^'^^ eyb» 
tinder i-^^^- 

S^bf^ pudina, s. A kind of mint. 

3^CJo=So puduku, ^. Boasting. 

-^ti^^^, pudukku, adv. Sudden- 
ly, ^t once. — :3js8cdooa to 
pour suddenly, as a bag of 
rice. [paddy. 

S^ciozrao* pudubar\j, s. New 

^(5 pude, s. k load, burden. 

^:S^^ pudepuni, see ^cS^^. 

5^z3e;« pudelij, s. A bush, shrub. 

S^CoD D* puddaru, s. The harvest 
feast; a ceremony observed 
in partaking of new produce 
for the first time. 

■^t^ pudde, see ^o\. 

^^3 punah, adv. Again, once 

S^f^d^^ punarapuli, see sSr^TJ^-?. 

S^Fidjs^?:; punarutthana, s. Re- 


■^ti^'^-^^ t^ti^'^'i^^ punarjanma, 
punarjalma, s. Being born 
again; regeneration. 2. trans- 
migration of the soul. 

^F^^^?io punarvasu, s. The 
seventh of the lunar man- 

o^?;^5r:5DCci punarvicarane, s. 
Reconsideration, review. 

3$f3Dr^^oo punarvivaha, s. Re- 

e^^i^J^ punaluni, see 4€^^^>- 

o^ns! CrI punascarane, .?. Repeti- 
tion of mystic formulas or 

■^■^i^D^jf^ punasthapane, s. Re- 

s^^3o punaha, see ^^s- 

d)^=^ punike, see ^rf^- 

■^"^^t punita, adj. Free from 
sin, purified. -•;io<i-'os^?> to ab- 
solve, purify ; to justify. 

o^^oiio punugu, see ti^-^oK:^. 

^^^^ puppala, see ^^^. 

cay, rottenness. 
^oSjois;^ puyinteli^, .y. The 

tenth Tulu month. 
^d pura, s. A city, town. 2. a 

house <?r any receptacle, 

— s^^ a citizen. 
3^d pura, see ^^^^■ 

o^dc^jC purandare, .y. A name 
of Indra. ^oc::itJTO;5 a cele- 
brated Ganarese poet. 

•^t^ purake, s. A bad smell. 

3^03^ puratij, s. A dowry. 

3^rf^ocjr?2 puramardane, i". Rub- 
bing of the body with an 

^d^j purame, see sgioro^o. 

^d^:o5j purameyi, s. A mucous 
body. \ijpi^. 

^d2:S ^r^^ puralu, purale, see 

^d?^^ purasu, see ^^e^oJ. 

^d?:;^d puraskara, .?. Reverence, 


^D«) pura 


^dj puru 

Zjj^-sv-.'i purakr^ta, see ^^«. 

S^csrs purana, s. A sacred and 
political work comprising the 
Hindu theology, adj. Old; 
ancient. —"^4 an old story. 
-^sjdoT^ God. There are 
eighteen acknowledged Pura- 
nas, nan\ely, a^j^-, ^^^-, 

-^ O n ■ ft) ' 

o^Di)rl=^ puranike, J'. One who 
reads or narrates sacred his- 

o^ODsN puratana, adj. Ancient, 

o^a puri, see sg-d. 

;^S puri, ^. A worm, mite, moth. 
2. skin parasite. 3. twining, 
twisting, as threads. 4. coir 
yarn. — ^^ mulberry leaves. 
—£0^ coir. -??^^a to twine 
coir yarn. —'sSosrj^c'i to prepare 
a rope from cocoanut fibre. 
— -^oeL^^ to suffer from ring- 

o^Sorio^ puringuni, see ^oaof?^. 

S^Drlob* purigant^, s. Anything 
eaten or perforated by worms. 
adj. Worm-eaten. 2. envious, 
jealous. 3. obstinate, stub- 
born, —ri-d-^jz^, ^DaoS an 
envious or obstinate fellow. 

S^St^o:^, purlTantra, s. Malice, 
envy. 2. mischief. 3. obsti- 

nacy, self-will. — 3::x)a-dor^ to 
talk maliciously. 

^OS^ puripu, s. The twist, as of 
a rope or cord. — rf z:>Tio a 
bullock-driver's whip or rod 
with its handle twisted with 

s3)Oo3j3oo puriyolu, s. An eel. 

^dopuru, i'. A snail, adj. Small, 
tender. 2. snail-like, -o^?? a 
tender fruit, bud. ~z^6 a 
suckling. — &!T)iio^ to be very 
slippery; to glide like a 

^doou'o^ purunkuni, see ^o?;^:>f^. 

^cSoorto^ purunguni, .y^<? 4oA0F?i. 

^djor^sS purung-ele, see 4c-Rf6. 
2. a sickly person. 3. a reluc- 
tant worker. 4. a stingy 

^doorl purunde, see ^o-dr. 

^do=S^o puruku, see ^s^or. 

^do^^E^rs, ^wO=cto:I purukucca- 
na, purukutse, see ^'o'dos'osi n. 

^dozoo purubu, see ^^:iF. 

'^:i:i'^3 purushatva, ^. Manhood, 

a3)do^d4 P^rusharatna, i'. A kind 
of medicinal plant, lonidium 

o^djssijq^r purushartha, s. Hu- 
man desire, object of life. 
2. benefit, use. 

«3)dj^ purushe, s. A man, male. 
2. a husband. 

s^^do^Lis^^^o purushottame, s. 
The best of mankind. 2. a 

^C^ puru 


^v pula 

name of Vishnu. 3. the name 
of a man. 
^doJisja purusattu, see ^7iF^. 
^6 pure, ^. A roof, ceiling, 
^e^- the upper part of a 
roof; pi. 5S^5'>i^'^ materials 
of a roof. 
^6o2co^, ^6z^o^ purencuni, pu- 

recuni, see ^o£;^o^^. 
3^6^^ purepuni (4-), r. a. To 
roll, turn over. 2. to retract, 
recant. 3. to impute, attri- 
^8sjj?i, d)6aJJ0^ pureluni, pure- 
yuni (^^), ^'. n. To roll, turn. 
•3-oS)— to come out, as a young 
bird from the egg-shell. 
z^67i:)^, ^%^^c^ puresuni, purei- 
suni (»"i^l3. 4-^lp), -'. n. To 
complete, fulfil. 2. to afford. 
3. to be satisfied. 
I cannot afford. 
o^6j3e2oi purohite, s. A family- 
^^F purka, s. Remains, residue, 
saving. 2. frugality, econo- 
my, [eyes. 
4^rof^^ purkannu, s. Purulent 
^^rb^, ^^riS purkatiji, pur- 
kate, adj. Diminutive, small, 
^o^rd;^ purkavuni, c. v. {of 
ss^'orc'i) To bake in embers, 
half bake. 2. to save, lay 
up, rake, hoard. ^^rS aobs> 
to spare, save, reserve; to 
lay out frugally. 
^^■sr;^« purkas^, s. A very 
small thing. 

c^ ^-SpiosS 

S^^jF purk.i, s. The rheum of 

the eye. 
^=^jr^ purkuni (s&^^O' "''• ^^- "^^ 
be half baked. 2. to become 
soft. 3. to rot, decay, become 
^j\f purga, s. Sour gruel or 

^rlre:* purgat^, ^^<? ^Sao13. 
^riOF^ purguni (^S^r), 7/. :?;. To 

be well boiled, as rice. 
^S^OF^ purcuni, see ^od^cir^. 
^td^osd purjantara, see ^oko^. 
^riFpurpa, s. The tender areca 

blossoms. 2. see ^t^- 
^ijjF purbu, ^. The eye-brows. 
^oSjsfoj puryolu, .y^^ ^^ooS^soo. 
^Sf purli, ^. The wild hog- 
plum. 2. ^^^ ^r®4e5F. 
^?iF3S ^^rs!3^ pursaty, pur- 
sattu, s. Leisure, opportunity, 
occasion, time. 2. relief, rest; 
also ^;6j3PFcii. -^sg^fi to be at 
leisure. _:^ijsreoc'i to take 
time. — -rfi^^?) to find an op- 
^;^DFrf purslda, see ^^rf- 
3^-, pula, i-. Pasturage, graz- 
iufTo-round. 2. reminiscences, 
recollection of old associa- 
tions. — »3cr®oS) cattle to low 
for their old pasturage; to 
call to mind old associations. 
^-jo=CTN pulankena, see ^%^- 
^vo^^ pulampuni (^s^^), ^'- ^■ 
To set afloat; c/. ^vt^^j^. 

o^t> pula 


^123-s pulla 

^v^ pulaka, s. Horripilation, 
erection of the hair from 
ecstasy. 2. rejoicing, festi- 
vity. -^£p4?^, idis^s^'^PMe^'bath- 
ing an idol in scented water 
on a festive occasion. 

^^^DZ^^ pulapavuni, c. v. {of ^ 
<^^^^ To cause to float. 

c^^izjo, o^^:3o pulabu, pulame, 

see ^eJ20j. 

^•i;s3e)*3*, ^^Dui pulavadv,pula- 
di, s. Pasturage, grazing- 

^SJiJ^c^ pulavuni (^a'a), v. n. To 

^£) pull, s. Acidity. 2. a sour 
fruit. 3. tamarind. 4. leaven. 
5. pride, arrogance. <a;«[/'. Sour, 
acid. —€sh^. a tamarind seed. 
-^ol3, _Aol3, —siS any- 
very sour. 



sauce, condiments, ^/^. mixed 

with acids, boiled and sea- 
soned. — ^jsew a wry face. 
_;ijse3;;5^r^ to be arrogant. 
_4;yor^ to squeeze a lemon 
or other sour fruit; to check 
one's arrogance, to humiliate. 

i5j5Z3^oS0— , ?ro'rfo7v)OS0— , J^HDTJ—, 

^j5r_, eSod— are varieties of 

sour fruits. 
^S puli, J-^<? 4&- 
^£i£^03 pulijantra, J'^^ 45aio^. 
^Osjs)^^ pulipavuni, c. v. {of 

^Oocioo^) To make sour; to 

3^3^, ^^^0^ pulipu, pulupu, s. 

S$€)^^ pulipuni (^^5), v. a. To 

irritate, itch. 
^0^^, ^3oJJ3^ pulipuni, puli- 

yuni (4e5), v.n. To become 

sour; to be leavened. 
^€)^?^ pulippena, adj. Sour. 

^0s3^ pulisijL, s. Police. 2. 

money, cash. 
^s3o3j puleyi, s. A skin. erj^ 

^— a deer's skin. 
^sSoioj^, ^s3s^^puleyuni, pule- 

vuni (4^), 7'. ?z. To smart, 

feel sharp pain. 

^s3^ pulevu, s. A crack. 2. a 
patch. 3. a crook, bend, 
curve. — cS^a to remove the 

^e;, pulka, sec i^^'^- 

^^a pulkadi, s. A handful of 
grass given by a vendor to 
the purchaser of cattle in 
token of striking the bargain. 

^s3ja,e3 pulkotte, s. Tamarind 

^s;J pulpu, adj. Tepid, luke- 
warm ; also A'^\^ti- , CAJAorJo 

^^^ pulya, see ^ej^^. 

^?jQi pulladi, ^. A place over- 
grown with rushes. 

^&;oaj pullayi, s. A kind of 

^s;^5^^ pullavuni, see 4<^^?>- 

^S puUi 


S^^ puli 

«5)5 pulli, s. A sheet of paper. 

2. see ^9. 
^©orl pullinga, 5. The mascu- 


line gender, gram. 

^t;j pullu, -y. A rush. 2. a 
kind of grass. — a!^, .y^<? ss 
aa. — ^e^ grass and water, 
cattle fodder, —si- a mat 
made of rush. — ^:3^ a bush 
of rushes, bulrush. -SoT^o^^ 
to pluck out a grass blade; 
to twist the ear. — ai^^^^^^ 
to pluck the feathers. 

^?3 pulle, s. An off-shoot. 2. 
a split, splint. 3. se: ^%^- 
— -sSj^a a kind of deer. — ^Z33 
4^, — a?b^, — e^s' to sprout, 

^?3 02j pulle vi, s. A kind of 

CO " 

^23 s:?* pulleli^, s. Abundance, 

increase. 2. gluttony. 
^^,0, ^sJ,c=^s;, ^s^i^-^^JtsS pu- 

rot) '^ J ro u> 

lya, pulyakela, pulyakole, s. 

Morning, day-break. adv. 

Early in the morning. 
^d°^j, 3^4'5s;^j puvalu, puvolu, i'. 

The navel. 
^^&j* pushkatu, see ^-^M- 
o^^^> pushkala, adj. Copious, 

full, complete. 2. much, 

many. 3. excellent, eminent, 

^^ pushta, adj. Nourished, 

fed. 2. strong, stout. 
fl^&. pushti, s. Increase, thriving. 

2, stoutness, strength. 
^^ pushpa,.y. A flower, blossom. 

3^^:« pushya, s. The tenth lunar 

^^pD^ri pushyaraga, s. The to- 
paz, chrysolite. 

^^" pushye, s. The eighth of 
the lunar mansions. 

^^s:i;o3j::ij^, ^xj^,;:oO?i pusa- 
layisuni, pusalyasuni, (ss^<^ 
030^, ^?i£/-s^^s3^, :-. a. To coax, 
cajole, persuade, fawn. 

^^A, ^^^ puski^i, pusku, see 

^Jd,£j^, ^j1^ puskat^, puskate, 
^(2^'. Vain, useless, feigned. 
2. empty. ad7\ In vain, for 

35^=5 pustaka,^.Abook, volume. 

S^r^ pusti, i". Instigation, abet- 
ment, incitement. 2. help, 
support. 3. a portfolio for 
keeping loose papers in or 
for placing under a paper 
while writing on it. — ^jslbrs 
to instigate, back up. 

^rf,, ^^J pussu, pussu, s. The 
hissing sound of a flash in 
the pan, when the gun does 
not go off. 2, unsuccessful 
termination of an undertak- 
ing, coming to nothing, de- 

^^ pula, see sj<v. 

5^°-=a pulaka, see 4'^^- 
^^2..:, pulabbu, see ?5!»e>20^. 
^§ puli, see s5&. 2. see siC. 
^^cu pulinde, s. A hunter, for- 
ester, savage. 


^s? puli 


Zj^'iZ puje 

a^^=CToe3* pulikanty, see under 

c^^:5^G* pulicari^, s. A sour 

kind of sauce. 
a^^^ pulipu, s. Acidity. 

c^^o3^i)5';i* puliyarali^, ^. The 
yellow wood-sorrel, Oxalis 

^s;^^5'j puluku, s. Slipping out, 
anything soft or greasy. 

^^4t^ pulevuni, see tn^^^. 

3§°T^j^ pulku, see ^^or. 


^s?j?,si pulkotte, see ^°ijr^B. 

^^ pulla, ^^^ 42^- 

^^ pulli, 5-. A grand-child. 

'^°4-x pullu, ^^^ 5S£'J,. 

^^N pullena, see 4<y ^. 

^ pu, s. A flower, blossom. 2. 
a cataract in the eye. —65 
Aj a sore mouth. — ?fD03j a 
very young fruit. —^ ^js^ a 
garland of flowers. — ija'Pcd 
a bunch of flowers, nosegay. 
— -^jj^b a disagreable smell of 
flowers. — tSTJe^o^, _ ^'SeS-^J, — 20 
t^i^a to flower, bloom, blossom. 
— -rfojci^^ to wear flowers. 

^0=^ punke, s. Mould, mildew. 
— ^.^c55S)^, — sjsj^^ to become 

S^orloji punguni (^o^), ^'. «. To 

s3le>o^ purije, .y. A cock. 2. a 
family-name among Bants. 
— ^e3^^ a cock to crow. 

3^o^j^ puntuni, see ^o^^^- 

S^ISod'i'^pundelu, s. A thicket, 

clump, as of bamboos. 2. 

matter from a sore. 
S^Ieioi piinte, adj. Light, very 

light, not heavy. 
S^o;:2 pumbe, s. The flower bud 

of a plantain. 
"^"ut) pukare, .y. An ornamental 

structure, as the stake of a 

bullock race. — ^^t^o^ to fix 

a post of such a structure; 

to ornament the ridae of a 

racing field. 

^•S- puki, i\ A fart. 

^=^j^ pukute, adj. Empty, 
void. s. An empty mouth. 

^^jdo, S^'SS'j pukuru, pukru, 
adj. Tender, young, little. 
2. sallow. 

SjJ3# piikre, i". A sickly man. 

o^ri puga, s. A betel-nut. 

3^z§ puce, .s^^ ^'&^- 

^23a)0 pujari, i'. A demon priest. 

2. a Billavar or toddy-drawer. 
s2j323e)^or pujarme, s. The office 

of a priest. c-s^Qk-, ciajgi— a 

demon priest who is also the 

s^23^4^ piijavuni, c.v. {of ^2^^ 

s>) To cause to smear or 


^23 3 pujita, adj. Worshipped, 

S^^do^) pujuni (*2§), v. a. To 
smear, rub, daub, apply. 

S^zS puje, s. Worship, adora- 
tion; prayer, -^i'osjs— princi- 
pal worship in a temple. 
— a^5sgi^, — -rfo'^o^rj to worship. 

z^^ti. pujya 


35;s53?)r purva 

^'?.^i- puJya, adj. Worshipful, 
adorable, venerable. 2. 
blank, void. j-. A cipher. 
— ^ dignity, nobleness. 

^'Sei puti, s. Memhruni niulie- 

^csj pudu, see ^«*o. 

Z^i puta, a. Of or belonging 
to a flower. 2. purified, cleans- 
ed. 3. see ^o^. 

^3^ putani, s. A giantess kill- 
ed by Krishna. ^^-^^ 

S^^fl punine, s. A very tender 

s^-s^^o' puniri;, s. Flower and 
water placed in a demon 
shrine. — a?t^ to place flower 
and water before a demon. 

S^*?^^ pupuni (^), X'. n. To 
break wind, fart, vlg. 

S^s2s3 pupele, ^. One who farts 
frequently, vlg. 

S^z^ij pubare, s. A kind of 

2^:iJ3-5, ^f^d:^©^ pumale, pu- 
malike, see under ^t). 

^'3^:^?:* pumlniji, s. A trout. 

S^'Sd pura, see ^^r. 2. ^'::3«ji; 

cf. ^^r. 
^dod puranda, a^". Vindictive. 

2.implaccable, unappeasable. 

—ti-R implaccable hatred. 
s^'t)dsj,Q purattara, see ^^^f^^s^. 
"Z^^t^^ purappara, adj. Clear 

or full understanding. 
Z^^D pura, i"^^ ^rer. 

^3s purita, rti//'. Filled, com- 
S^'sd'^^^c^ pureisuni, see ^-S^jo^. 

3^dj5^£j,c purottara, see iS^^?;^ 
^ tf. 

^ftrsr ptirna, «^". Full, filled, 
complete. 2. all, entire. 3. 
able, powerful, adv. Wholly, 
completely. — e, —s(^ fulness; 
the whole; ability. 

^r3FC)o, s^rsrsSo purnami, pu- 
rname, see sgiODs^. 

Z^h7 purti, i'. Fulness, com- 
pletion. — -rfos^j^^ to complete, 

Z^ti'P purva, adj. Former, prior, 
first, before, in front of. 2. 

• east, eastern. s. Ancient 
times, days of old; the east. 
— ^^r former actions. — ^o 
former time. — ^5 progeni- 
tors, ancestors. —'^^ the first 
member of a compound word, 
sentence or verse, gram. ^ 
4fi>^rio in olden times. 

^Q^FSJ^ purvapaksha, s. A 
proposition, assertion, the 
first part of an argument. 

S^siDrsJc; piirvapara, s. Past 
and future, former and lat- 
ter. — ?i' aB past and future 

^;ji5r2j3DgjPurvabliadre, s. The 
twenty-fifth lunar mansion. 

Z^^D'T^Di^ purvashadha, s. The 
twentieth lunar mansion. 

Z^zjiiFco^ purvahna, s. The early 
part of the day, forenoon. 

^Dr purvi 


t>zf ped^ 

S^Dr=g' purvike, s. An ancestor, 

S^4'5^r^d purvottara, s. Cir- 
cumstances, particulars of a 
person or event. 

^^D puvari, ^. Rice used at 
the worship of a demon. 
—rfs'oj^ to throw rice on a 
demon priest. 

Z^ii puve, s. The day preceding 
the full moon. 

t^s3p°^-'o puvolu, ^. The navel. 
2. a thin film between the 
pulp and seed of a jack fruit. 

S^Srf pusara, s. A kind of gar- 

«5(3^r3, ^5^cl piishana, piisliane, 
see ^??:iP®. 

«;^;^o?i pusuni, see ij&'^c>?i. 

S^^^ocraoSjpulandaye, i". A demon 
so called. 

^^j pulu, ^. A chip, small 
piece of anything. 2, a piece 
of betel nut. —^aSsgj a vegetable 
curry. ~^^:> small pieces. 
53030^— a piece of a fruit, ^^o 
7?^— a piece of dry betel nut. 
Zi-A O303i_ a piece of fresh or 
preserved betel-nut. — aoL^, 
—■rfo^o^o) to slice, chip, cut. 
i^^O, t>^^^^ prijthivi, prythvi, ^. 
The earth. 

5jx^ prijshtlia, s. The back. 2. 
the rear, last. 3. the back 
or hind part of anything. 

^o?iofl penganne, see i^-^- 

^oTisN pengatana, s. Silliness, 
stupidity, foolishness. 



diono. sio/i'sc; pengare, peng-ara, 

see SjoA'd. 
sfiorio pengu, adj. Blackish. 

3^0?^, 35o2c2 penge, penne, s. A 
fool, stupid fellow, simpleton. 
z^ pecca, see £3^ . 
V, peja, s. The wild jack, 
Artocarpus pubescens. — ^a 
03J its fruit. 

ido=aO^, sSsd^s'j?) pejankuni, pe- 
jakuni, see ^aios'o^. 

sSwo-.^), sSzioJi pejipini, pejjuni 
(3323, 33^^, z/. a. To select, 
choose. 2. to pick up. 3. to 
pick or remove stones or 
paddy from rice, etc. 
2oij ^i"^o3J pejirenaye, s. A demon 
so called. 

t'S, pejje, s. Gruel, rice water, 
porridge. — ^ ^-2, see fcaos!);?. 
^^j pettu, s. A blow, slap, cuff. 
—^jhhF^ to beat, slap, cuff. 
— S^^ to receive blows, be 
beaten. — sjs:5ooi to eat 

35b* A^ pettugu, adv. Immedi- 
ately, directly. 

^sJ OS* pettanku, see ^&!o^. 

s5e3/\ pettige, s. A box, chest. 

—^o'aosS a square pillar or 

tiUf\ pettig-e, see sSO^K. 

sSii^ petla, i"^^ ^?y • 



-^i, petta, i'. A cow. —^s^zio^ a 
kind of Cassia tora\ cf. ^a^c^. 
i^Cj^s^oS) pedi^medi, see ^^^^■ 

oj^'.^s^^ petlupu, ^^^ ^^^' 




d peda 


s30 peri 

^do=^ pedanke, ^. Stumbling, 
tripping. 2. sprain. — so^st^o 
N to be sprained. 

s^rfon^ pedangv, adv. Bebind 
tbe back. — 5^13:),'°^ to pinion 
bebind, as tbe hands. 

^cJorirf, u^rfon^oSo, sfdo?^) pe- 
dan^ara, pedan^iyi, pedangei, 
s. A water-pot placed out- 
side a bouse for wasbiug 

fj^oVi:, pedambu, adv. Obliquely, 
not directly. — ^odo^r'i to cut, 
shave, etc., obliquely. 

s5c5^^s3 pedakale, s. A demon so 

^cSSjj^dpedamale, i-^^ Lrf^d 




CoJ?© peddoldi, jr^^ ~-,^ 

sScjSS^^ pedpavuni, <:. v. {of ^ 
ckj^) To assist a woman in 
child-birth, serve as a mid- 

^a ?i, s5d3 ^ pedpini, pedduni (^ 
S), ^'. «. To bear, bring forth, 
as a child. 

o3dp pedmedi, ^. A woman in 
child-bed, lying-in woman. 

s3^^ pensu, s. The lungs. 

s3?j £3* pensili^, s. A slate (?r led 

s!^ , tjfj. peppu, peppe, s. Dumb- 
er "^ 

foundedness, speechlessness, 
as from amazement, eic. —zis 
ii-doa to stammer; to speak 
ti'!^ pebbe, s. A dolt. r^^^ 

^doJTSoaj perangayi, see t^-do?^ 

dob^ peranty, see ddoCj. 
s2cJo3* peranti^, see tSxioS. 
tiZd perade, s. A hen. — s'tS^i?), 

— ■S'tS^S), — #T5^a to cluck. 

55ds perata, s. A ceremony per- 
formed in behalf of females 
who have become pubescent. 
2. see ^?^- 

t,6^ perati, see ^§. 

sSdcJN, tiO^o^ peradane, pera- 
mane, s. A grater, scraper. 
— ^ a kind of moss. 
6d perade, see ^^''^i^. 

5d^?^ perastana, see ^orfo;^. 

SdsIf perarte, see ^^^. 

D"sc55^ perarde, ^. The ninth 
Tulu month. 
^3 peri, see ^Scdo. 

^D=CT perike, s. A bullock's load. 
2. any burden. —zsti±)?:> to 
load. — eojsT^oS), .y^^ ^cxjor. 

^DOJo periya, adj. Large, great, 
high, superior. — ?2oso honey. 
— ?:roa a highway. 

^OOjoosSo periyamme, i". A 
father's elder brother, or a 
mother's elder sister's hus- 

^OoJos5 periyappe, s. A mother's 
elder sister, or a father's 
elder brother's wife. 

s33c5j periye, J-. A heap, pile. 

s3ao3J5^o periyolu, s. An eel. 

sSC?^ peristi^, s. The contents 
of a book, library, eU. —^^ 
h^ to write such contents. 

sSdj peru 


?o^ pente 


?3c5o;JjO perumari, Si:e tri:>~b. 
t,6dd'^ pereduni (^^S), 7>.it. To 

roll, move, wallow. 2. to 

scrape, shave. 
sSd^j^i perepini (35-5), v. a. To 

grate, scrape. 2. to bore, 

^ddoDs peremane, see ^tj^eS. 

^d^Ni perevuni (^^), "c'.n. To be 
grated, scraped. 2. to be 
bored, perforated. 

i56rij^peresuni(33v3o3),5^^ IbiSsb^. 

^^F, sSr^r perke, perg-e, see sSd^. 

rir perga, s. Winnings made 

in a game of eio^^o??. 2. 

profit, gain, f^f^ eforfoK sjaf 

he had a good meal to-day. 

rircl pergade, 5. A chieftain, 

headman. 2. an honorary 

sSrIor:! pergude, s. A bandicoot, 

large rat. — e^soeoo a kind of 

tifiF perge, s. A kind of bag. 

2. see ^o-RrH. 
fj'^F perci, i". Shying, starting 

suddenly. — s^uo c" to shy, as 

a horse, ^'/'c. 
35s^jr^ percuni (^^^), ^. ?2. To 

shy, start aside suddenly. 

2. to rise, increase. 
fj'i^^Tzi perjiva, s. Life, spirit. 

^tiorJi perjuni (-^^), v. 71. To 

sS^eJTSJo pernama, see t^^ftSo. 

t,-^DF^^, tif^TV^ pernaly, per- 
naly, .y. A festival on the 

conclusion of fasting among 
the Mussulmans. 

ti'^r perpu, s. Anything put 
into milk in order to curdle 
it. -e?lb?i, see ^r^^^. -.^.7j«j 
S>, —z:sxi:)?i to put in milk any 
thing to curdle r^r turn it sour. 

ttZ^^^ perpuni (^^), 1'. n. To be 
curdled, as milk. 

s3dj^ D permari, s. A boa or large 
serpent. 2. sheaves of straw- 
placed, in the form of a ring 
to serve as a granary, -s'uj 
si to make such a granary. 

tjti^T perme, s. Sluggishness, 
laziness. 2. haughtiness. 

sSoJor perya, s. A large bee. 2. 
see ^Sccio. -^ oi2 a beehive, 
honey-comb. — e:.?Ti>)^ to be- 
come dense; to fall densely. 

sSoi^'sra peryadi, i-. A highway, 
public road. 

s5o3oF perye, s. The toadstool, 
mushroom. 2. a rush. 

sSs;pela, s. The y^ick, Arioearpus 
integrifolia. — ^soso the jack- 
fruit. — ^& the seed of the 
jackfruit. —■rfoi^ the jack-tree, 
jack-wood. ^^o^_,e:ur_,^joo 
>5— are varieties of jackfruit 

sS^oZoo pelambu, see '^oe;o2co. 

s2^ pell, see to. 

"^-''^rijpelegu, adj. Rude, mean. 
^oZJ penci, s. Filth, dirt. 
^o!3 psnti, s. A good meal. 
5o£3 pente, s. The mercantile 
part of a town, bazaar, 





si^i?e) peca 


orf peimda 

s2=^5DiJ pecata, i". Effort, exer- 
tion. 2. affliction, distress, 

^?::5D330^ pecaduni (^e^^S), I'.n. 
To try, exert, strive. 2. to 
be in distress, trouble, 
pscilu, sec 25?2i< 


^^ScO^ pscuni, see 33o?)oA3o^. 

' CO 

cs3 peta, petla, pe- 
tle, s. A pop-gun. — acoS^^ 
to shoot a pop-gun. 

t^i> pete, .y^^ ^?c^. ^xn^^. 

s5?tl pede, .y. A kind of thorn- 

35^3*, iS^ij petu, pstu, s. Partu- 
rition, child-bed. 2. fear. 
s5?3^ petale, s. A greedy man. 

.y. A large stone. 
s5<jd psde, .y. A peon; also zs^oi. 
^^^ p9iii;i, .y. A louse. 2. a pen. 
^;?S^— . 3:idji>05a_ a very large 
louse. SS— a small louse. 
djs^^— a white-nit found on 
dirty clothes; see ^j&6 . 

5i^i,, s2?^j=ctSP petri, petrikallix, 

s2^s2 pspe, see ^5o:ij-» 


sS^C^ peyi, .y. A demon. 

^fo' peru, s. Milk. 2. cocoanut- 

juice. 3. the milky juice of 

plants. — cTOxc a milkman. 

33?i583x°i a milk-pail. 
s2?c;on"303j psrang-ayi, s. The 

guava fruit, Psidium pomi- 


_S« w_B 

sti^wrf perane, see -t^fi^. 

iSiJosiipsrataji-. Lading, freight- 
ing, shipping. 


j2?De)^cl peravade, s. A kind of 

Phaseolus trilobus. 
o2?D'5)J^?j psrivuni, 6. c. {of-tfi:^?^ 

To lade, load, burden. 
tj^'Oa psrita, see -tytb^. 
s2?do^ peruni (^e&), 7^ a;. To 

load, burden. 
sS^dons;^ perengel^, -y. A kind 

of creeper. 
sS^O^^Cfl perepane, see ^s-5e3i£?. 

ti^ts.z^i^ peronasi^, s. The meal 
just preceding the celebration 
of a wedding. 

s3?rtr perg-a, see ^Xr. 

ti%i\T pere^e, see -t^.-. 

s5?z§r perci, see t'dr. 

sS^caor^ psrcuni, j*?^ ^Se^or^. 
^jr perme, 5. Fame, glory. 

sS^^t^^psrve, <7r^'. Outside. — -rfjoo 
a^ an outer court. 

•i,lhf\ pssige, .y. Disgust, loath- 
ins. 2. dirt, filth. ~Tk,^\^ 


to be disgusted. 
e^c^Oc^ pesiyuni (-?§■), v. a. To 
loathe, be disgusted. 

s5fsi\c^, 55= Si) 6 peshkar^, pe- 
shkare, s. A subordinate re- 
venue officer. 

s5?Ajri pesige, i-^^ 33?§iy?. 

pei, s. A pie, one-twelfth of 

an anna. 

4o?io peingu, 5-. Pegu. 


ojicsSs:* peincely, 5. Ten pairs. 


5)0 d^ peindani, i-t^^: Tiosoa^^. 

l^ocJsS, s5\cd peindale, peindle, ^. 
A notch, nick. 

3>^o20 peimba 




5)^020^ peimbala, i'. Ten seers. 
S^otj«? peimbale, s. A flatterer. 

2. a potbelly. 3. a glutton. 
^oeS peimbe, .y. A bag. 

,^ peiki^, peika, ^. A 
pouch, scrip made of rushes 
or palm leaves. 
^,^ peiki, pos^p. Of, out of. 2. 
concerning, respecting, e?— 
out of it. ■^jse^o^— of or re- 
specting these persons, 
t>^o^ peikuni {%^), 7'. n. To 

contract, shrivel. 
ji^JS^O peikori, .v. A kind of fowl; 

game fowl. 
j2j2^0^ peicilu, see siodo^6. 

, t^J2^^ peij'anij, peijani, 





3vi2i)D* peijar^x, s. Shoes, slippers. 

^/■<sc=dC) peinali, s. Bragging, 
boasting. 2. hoaxing, deceiv- 
ing. -^T^Jv^r-. ~T:zt-^:jr^ to brag. 

ti'^'^ peitini, s. A country so 
called. —§'?t5 a female's cloth 
made of silk and cotton. 

ti-^, t>-^o peita, peitya, s. Bilious- 
ness, adj. Bilious. — t^tS a 
man of irritable temper; a 
lunatic, fool. 

^^% Peitri;, see t^^. 
■ ^c5, s2)^e3 peida, peide, see sjsosorf. 

^C3D??2 peidastu, .y. Produce, 
crop. — e?L^J to grow, pro- 
duce, --^^.x^^ to grow, raise 
a crop. 

^?^ peina, see siorfrar®. 

^K^s3 peinale, ^^^ ^^orfe5. 


i2^?3D© peinali, i.'?^ ;5j^rs,c;3€. 

sSi^j^D" peinirijL, s. Turbid water 

of a river. 
i5,^^ peipuni (f-l), T.a. To cut^ 

reap; cf. t2j^^^. 
t^^5s6 peimale, see ^^^.-^seS. 
i,)pj«)b, sSx^JS^o peimasi, peima- 

si, s. Measurement of land, 

i>Y^d^^ peimudi, see under r.6^. 

noSoD*, ^^o3joD* peiyeru, peiyye- 
rij, see %^-^ 

iS^pJjo peiyya, s. A child. -Ti^ ^5 
a small cloud. 

Sjv03>5-5)o^ peiyyane, s. A kind of 
medicinal tree, Bignonia 

i2)03jo peiyye, s. A child, boy; a 
Pariahs child. 2.akindof fish. 
,D' peiru, s. Standing or grow- 
ing corn. 2. goods or cattle 
imported from the ghauts. 
.jj^ peil^, see ^^^. 

rl,s;*S3i)^fi peilijivanige, s. Tumb- 
ling, rope-dancing, gymnas- 

s5^2;*S3D?3peiIi;iva,ne, .y. A tumbler, 

acrobat, gymnast. 
jiODo^ peilandi, s. Brag, boast. 

—sj^^-rfo^ to brag. 
a^'^Ld' 55>^^ peivastUjpeivaste, 
s. Endorsement of a letter, 
specifying the date of its 
receipt. — s^^rfo^, —-dos^Ov^ to 

s5v^* peisij, adj. Distant, remote. 
ititj. Get away, make way. 







s|^?j peisa 


^;to pomba 

jyj peisa, -?. Four pie. 2. money, { 
j^^j^^ peisali^i, ' 

peisale, peisul^, j^. Settlement, 

adjustment. 2. decision, de- 

c^^e. [pretty. 

o^'Sc^o^ ponka, adj. Handsome, 

^c^o^c; ponkara, see ^ec^tf. 

3^c=5^j ponku, s. A kind of boil 

or sore; t^. ^-scazS. 
^'ScrjCj ponkuru, sec 4'^?c^j"do. 
^0^ ponke, see ^'sc^r. 

S^ISond pong-ade, 5. Proud flesh. 

— L'eo^or^ proud flesh to form, 
^oiid pong-are, 5-. The Indian 

coral tree, Erythrina indiea. 
^^S-ADOtj pongayi, s. A canoe. 

^'SoAi;d pong-ara, s. Borax. 2. 
see ti'OTixj. 

^orra^^j pougavuni, ^. v. {of 
^tcAOr") To cause to rock or 
tumble, as a boat. 

^orlj pongu, see tSjzoTio. 

^cfio^i pong-uni (^^cK), z/. n. 

To rock, reel, tumble, toss, 

as a boat. |-man. 

^cri ponge, J". An unsteady 
^'?)oA'C' pong-ell^, ^\ Tumbling, 

rocking. 2. unsteadiness. 

^'O-R'3 a fickle man, dolt. 
^'Scc^r'S' ponnanu, ^i^^ sgpoXz?. 

S^oc^ ponna, «^//". Female, 
feminine. 2. bridal. — ^js?2i 
a bride's parental home, —sd 
"^ovo a bridal cartege. — SeO 
a female's conduct (??- dis- 

o^jsorsocood ponnambura, see Tie 

S^orcj ponnu, s. A girl, female, 
maid. -aS the upper half 
of a cocoanut. — &;>§ the 
female sex. ~2zz>e a female 

0^0 fl ponne, see ^o^. 

^c?^Jl^f\ ponnolige, see ^o^ 

S^or? ^ ponnjavu, see a&sp© ^j. 

^f5o2;:ij poDju, i". A purse or 
bundle of money. 

^os?j pontana, s. Favourable- 
ness, auspiciousness. 

^otj.^ ponduni, see ^jio:£d^. 

^o^r^ ponnani, s. A kind of 

^'Sofj^r^ ponnalige, s. A kind of 

jungle tree. — ^^ leaves of 

this tree used as medicine. 
^oF5'3o^or$ ponnlnkanni, s. A 

kind of vegetable, Altern- 

ajithera sessUis. 
^of;Jj ponnu, s. Gold. 2. see 

S^ofg ponne, s. The tree Rot- 
tlera tinctoria. c&— Boswel- 
lia thurifera ; Calophyllum 

^osoeo. pombatte, s. A yellow 



^o2Jc3 pombade, see t^oz::,^. 

S^oioooijj^ pombariyuni (^^czo 
s), V. 11. To start, wince, 
shudder; to be startled, 
amazed, astounded. 


;^o5*F pornki^ 


^2o poji 

^0^^^, ^os'jrpornkyjpornku, 
ac/j. Slovenly, dirty, filthy. 

^o^srs^^ pornkavuni, c.7'. {of 
^a^:>F^^ To cause to roll. 
2. see ^oT^ri^^. 

^0^05^^ pornkuni(#-^i^), v. a. 
To roll, run over. 2. to make 
fun, 3. see ^o7(^F?i. 

^ois'r, s^o=ars3 pornke, porn- 
kele, s. A dirty man. 

^o=^ro^pornkel^, s. Dirtiness, 

^orv"3r5^^ porng-avuni, 6-. 7'. (a/ 
^CAJF-^) To make stiff, har- 

S^orijr;) porng-uni (#oKrj, i',n. 
To become stiff or hard. 

S^jSorfr?^ porndana, s. A Pariah 

i^owsreJ pormbata, s. Strife, 
struggle. 2. wrestling. 3. 

c^oEOOF^pormbuni (^o?5r),t'.a. 
To wrestle, strive. 

^o^3^53 pormbele, s. A wrest- 
ler, wrangler. 2. a quarrel- 
some man. 

•S^3'o=5^j^ pokankuni (^ts'o^j, 
z'. a. To learn by looking on 

^^d pokkade, ad7'. Without 
cause, reason, or meaning. 
2. for nothing. 3. gratis, 
gratuitously. 4. for pastime. 
5. without success, adj. False, 
vain, mere, empty. 

3§Jei5'o, pokku, s. A game of 
throwing pebbles in the air 

and catching them as they 
fall down. — rf ^^^ pebbles 
used in this game. — t^jssoo^^ 
to play at such a game. 

^=^ pokke, s. A sore, ulcer ; a 
blister, pustule. — rf ^e3 the 
scar of a sore. ~<^^o_^?^ a ve- 
sicle or blister to form. 

^=^53 pokkele, see ^3%- 

^ni pogate, see 4ao. 

^rido^, ^ri^o^i pogaruni, po- 
galuni, see ^A-do^. 

^rlj^B poguti, s. A shameless 

:^r(j^j pogulu, s. Praise, eu- 
logium. 2. renown. 

^/^ poge, see 4'^. 

^ils^^ pogepuni, see 4'^4?^. 

^A-5) dj^ poggavuni, c. v. {of i^ 
Ao ^) To cause to enter, pene- 
trate or interfere. 2. to 
. ^rio?) pogguni {p^f), "c'.n. To 
enter, penetrate. 2. to inter- 

^ri-SjS^^pogpayuni, see ^7^4^). 

^tsio^o^, ^ji=CTO^ pojankuni, 

pojakuni, see ^^o'&o^. 
^^d^^ pojakij, see ^3=^. 

S^:u!^|jir3j^ pojakonuni, v. refi. 
To be grieved. 2. to be distort- 
ed, as from pain. 3. to rub the 
face, as in grief or shame. 

^sSsj^ pojilyi, -y. A germ, sprout, 
bud. —655 rice made of 
germinated paddy. — ^js"dolj 
a germinated cashew-nut. 

s^d poje 


^a podi 

—sSS^ malt, grain steeped in 
^280^^-:^^ pojenkavuni, c. v. 
(of if^iz^orS) To strangulate. 

2. to cause to knead. 
^^o^j^, ^2§^j5) pojenkuni, 

pojekuni {p-±z.^)^ v. a. To 
knead. 2. to shampoo, rub. 

3. to squeeze. 4. to strangle, 
?f4^— to strangle. 

^eSo^eS pojenkele, s. lit. A 
squeezer. 2. a sycophant, a 
man seeking to please. 

^^^^sJ5» pojekavuni, see ^-^o 

t^u pojja, ^^^ 23js^. 

^Ij^d potira, -y<?<2 ^^-^i^- 

^UoT^a^ pottang-el^, i-. An}'- 
thing useless. 

^'44' pottadye, ^. A kind of 
cake made without jaggory. 

^U potti, s. A dumb or taci- 
turn woman. 2.asillyAvoman. 

^'»jj, pottu, i'. Husk, chaff. 2. a 
fruit cr seed without kernel. 

3. a blighted ear of corn. etc. 

4. a crack, hurt. adj. Dumb. 
2. empty, useless, 3. stupid, 
•i. injured, -aj^^ a dry well. 
— 3I10303J an empty cocoanut. 


— sioS) vain bragging 


e a 

blighted paddy. -^cf 
blind eye. -^:ri a blind 


^Uj r\l3^ pottug-atti, see ^'^^'^^• 

;^L'o seo , ^yj,Cj;3* pottutatte, 

tJ 2.J SO C3 

pottudaddu. -y. Blighted corn. 

w^^b?^ ^re^ aj&cS he sold the 
grain and kept the chaff. 

^DsS potte, s. A dumb man. 
2. a demon so called. 

^£3 potte, s. The calf of the 
leg ; also ^-rf^t^^. 2. a tender 
ear of corn. 3. the hollow 
of a stalk or tree. 4. preg- 
nancy, vlg. 5. thickness, as 
that of a blade of a knife. 
-^;5orfooS) to whet the thick 
part of a knife. 

^^cjT)^ pottedailiji, s. A preg- 

nant Pariah woman. 

^^,^joto pottebanji, s. A pot 
belly. 2. a corpulent man. 

t^^ potla,^. A pustule, blister. 
2. swelling of the gums. 3. 
see #ieW- 

^u*|j5r?o^ podutonuni, r-. refi. 
To struggle, strive. 2. to 
flutter, flap the wings, as a 
bird. 3. to bustle, be in a 

^d^d podatare, s. The side- 
bone of the scull. 

-^TiZ podavi, s. The earth; cf. 

^^^l- [fish. 

"t^Ti^ podasu, s. The scales of 

:^a podi, s. Powder, dust, 
crumbs. 2. flour. 3. snuff. 
— 5^ gravel. — ^o^^ a miser, 
a(5?^5-. — ^ £3^ '^ to sow in 
dry land. — ssTioS), — dyj.?) 
dust to rise up or be dis- 
persed. —^^0^^ to pulverize, 

^a podi 


^cij podu 

S^^si^gS^J?' podittavuni, sec ^?(^ 

iS^^cdoj^ podiyuni {^-^), v. a. 

To powder, pulverize. 
^z^jozoj podumbu, odj. Stupid, 

stolid. 2. cowardly. 3. 

sneakisb. s. Cowardliness. 
S^fJS^joeS podumbe, s. A stupid, 

or spiritless man. 
•^d pode, s"e r^-d. 

fl§|8^^o?i podekuni {tf'd^), v. a. 

To regret, repent. 2. to be 

;^cl^?5 podepuni, see ^^Ss^^. 
^3a podda, adj. Foolisb. 
•3(3:1 d podpele, ^^^ i;^-^o^. 
^rs^ ponake, see t,^"^. 
^r5=#, ponakke, 5. A scab, 

Ǥ|ar3^o^ ponaluni, see ^^di^. 

^fl pone, see ^^■ 

Ǥ|3J^ dj, ^r| s^ponjavu, ponjevu, 
sT A female in general; a 
grown up woman. ~^h?i to 
become pubescent. Four clas- 
ses of females are enumer- 
ated by Hbidus ; namely:^i, ^j3?SoS), ^o-S-fj, 3ja, S) (?r 

_o ' -^ ' ' d 

"u^). l^Cu^, rjOu^, oj!^, rJ. 


:^^ potta, adf. Hot, burning. 

^3^D pottari, s. A burnt co- 

coanut tree. 
^321^,^3;^, ^3^^?j pottavuni, 

pottadruni, f. 7'. ((v/^-jsj^^) To 

ligbt, kindle, burn- ^aTi'b— 

to ligbt a lamp. 

^3Jg^ pottnni (s§p|o)' ^'■^^- To 

^^i^-^?'' ^^^) potturuni, po- 
truni ifS"^^, ^§)), T'. a. To 
kindle, set fire. 2. to incite 
to a (juarrel. 

^%^qT\ pottengri, s. Burnt 

^£^'^3" pottel^, s. Tbe testicles. 
— ^reO scrotal eczema. — ao 

rfj'^ to castrate. 



vulgar name for 25j?G(:S.®c;j. 
— ^"cJoK wild kind of yam. 

^rf^ podake, .?. Tbe eye lasbes. 

^c5oo^ podaluni (^^i^), v. n. 

To come out, rise up. 
^a=^ podike, J". Stale food, 

food prepared for a journey. 

2. boarded money, savings. 

— ^uo^^ to put up food for a 

journey; to board money. 
^a^^ podipuni, see ^a^^. 
^aoJ:o^ podiyuni, see ^«a^ 

^CoJ podu, s. Relationsbip or 
connection by marriage. — s::^ 
^0^ to propose an alliance 
by marriage. 

^rfj^o podunkulu, podunklu, 
poduku, poduklu, s. A tuft; 
a handful of grass, etc. 
^djo2oe3^* podumbatt^, see tSja 


s^dooZs;o podumbu, see ^js7i:o2oj. 

^d) podu 


■^t pora 


^tjj^-'S^s;' podukoli^, s. A 

small broom for broiling #&• 
^-^do^^i podupuni (4^), t'.a. To 

broil, parch, ^^"^tj, ^rfob 

^^ a broiling pan. 
^:i-52s;' podupeli^, ^.Parching. 

adj. Parched, broiled. -23^5 

parched paddy. 
4^92^5354^ podepavunl, c. 7\ [of 

f^.t:tj,?S) To cause to put on 

clothes, to dress. ; 

podepu, s. Wearing 

apparel; nlso ^o^j^#:2^. 
:^d(34>^ podepuni {t^^), I'.a. To 

put on clothes. 2. to brood, 

as a hen her chickens. 
^cj-^N poddana, s. A distant 

relationship; also t^-^^-^^^T^. 
:^^=§ poddike, see i^^^- 
4iac;Jo.^, 4'^:^^^, poddiyuni, 

podduni, (^^"^), ''• ^- To roll, 

cover, wrap. 2. to encircle, 

wind, twine. 
"S^rfj podduj see 4'5=^- ! 

^d podde, s. A relative, kin- 
dred. — S-,,5 relations and 


dolu, .y. Broiled grain; cf. ^&. ! 
^33->^s^?i podpavuni, c v. {of | 

^3:b,aj To roast, broil, toast, I 

^do ^ podpuni, see ^s^^». 
4^5 db* podbatti^, ^t'^ d;s35jo2ol3j. 
■^do^^ podyuni, ^^^ ^a^odoos). 
4'3C3|^^^4^ poddyavuni, ^. 7'. {of 

^3 ojjjfjj To cause to roll, 
cover, encircle. 
^^=a, ^^, ponike, ponke, ^^^ 


4'3sj °^^ poppala, see t.^^. 
^?^ poppi, ^^^ ^?^- 

^'SDo.^ora* poyikann^, J. A veil 
or mask. adj. Short-sighted. 

^oSj^^ poyipini (^^O3o), c. a. ,, 
To twist, as a rope. 2. to '- 
tap with a horn, as the tender ' 
blossoms of a cocoanut tree ^ 
for toddy-drawing. 

^cOjsjjsd^ poyimaryi, s. Yio- ; 
lence, force. 2. extortion, ! 
pillage. — S?^ an anarchical ; 
province. |; 

^oSjdoosjoe^o poyimusulu, .?^^ j 

^oSjs:* poyili^, s. An abscess. 
2. tapping. — sstii^ to tap 
the tender blossoms of a palm- 
bud in toddy-drawing. 

^03J?is;* poyisaliji, see 43O30?i§. 
^'SOoJ-d-^c^ poyyamane, .y^^^ ^s5 

^ojjo.^ poyyuni (^==^=5^), ^'. n. 
To sit cross-legged; (5^/. esa^ 

^ojj0c?io^o poyyusulu, see ^» 

^c5> poyye, ^. Sand. ^°^_ 
coarse sand, —^^^j.?^ to be 
afflicted with small measles. 

^0c23-33-' poranjali^, see ^'^5- 

^30^:* poranti^, see ^tioO. 2. .y^f 

s^d pora 


^^jr porlu 

^cJ^?jj^ porakaluni, see ^^r 

l^Cti^ porajana, see ^o5js?3iji. 

^d^ poraje, see ^^. 

e^jaci':;* porali^, ^. A fife, flute. 

«2;t)do^, ^d^^ poralu, poral^, s. 
P'ishy smell. 

o^Spori,^'. Aharrow. 2. a spark. 

3. see 9Spt3j? 6. —^cil the 


whole root of a tree. — ^wo a 
to harrow. — i?L^ to lose in 
the game of £iw^^:;:€. —^e^-^" 
to get broiled, as grain. 
— ■;l)^o^^^ to broil grain. 

^3^^ poripuni (4'^Q), v. a. To 
broil, parch. 

«^Ocdoo^ poriyuni (4^Q), ?'. n. 

To be broiled, parched. 
^djo^B^o porunku, see s&so^r. 
^rf.sf poruve, see ^^^^r. 

^C-^sSs;* poruveli^, i^. The under 
part of a fowl's wings. 
2. the side, flank. 

t^t pore, see ^/3. 

3^5c;i3^o?j porencuni, see ^z-j^r^. 

^6zio^ poreduni, see s5-5e;o^. 

^6^^ porepuni, see s^ds^^. 

"^6^^ porely, s. Pieeling. 

55js6^)0^ poreluni, see 4'^sjd^. 

^6v^^ porelpuni, see ^'64^. 

^6^^^ poresuni, see :StS?jj^. 

^xrFej-o^, ^=§F^.r;^ porkal- 
yuni, porkeluni (^'^^f^, ^t?r 
^), 7'. 71. A boil to form or 

^=#r«j« porkel^^, see ^ctfr^. 
^"Sf'S porkele, ^^v; t^z'S^r. 
S^Ea-iF^ porcuni, see ^t:^)^?^. 

^3roriJ3^o porting-olu, see ^ 


S^aor portu, s. Time, daylight; 
the sun. — e5o«5odoo^ the sun 
about to set. —^c^d^ the sun 
to set. —^°h?^ time to pass, 
to be late. — -^dojaiios) the sun 
to rise. 

"^iT'iD^ S^|j?rvr°^jportel^, por- 
tyolu, s. The month or time 
of birth. 

^CjvF^^ pordavuni, c. v. {of 
^dor^) To bring together, 
make friends; to familiarize; 
to reconcile. 

o^cJJF pordu, s. Inclination, 
leaning of the mind. 2- battle, 

S^cJOF^ porduni (^S^), v.n. To 
approach, draw near; to be 
attached, adhered. 2. to be 
accessible, sociable, familiar. 
3. to be in harmony; to be 
reconciled. <oc^ o'ozij'rf i^-d>:iF 
32 I cannot cope with him. 
e?o3oK assi :gp3iorc7io the curse 
cleaves to him. 

^^F^ pornana, see i^oxif^. 

S^^r^ porpuni (#&), v. a. To 
pull, pluck off, root up or 

"^'0:^ porlu, i". Beauty, comeli- 
ness, adj. Beautiful, hand- 
some, fair, pleasant, fine. 

^»3r porle 


^s3 polle 


—tytv a handsorae bov. 

■c! a pleasant word. 

verv beautiful. 
'^€'!^ porle, s. A handsome man. 
^wF porve, .y. A wild duck. 
^^r^' porveliji, see ^^^^6. 
o^'ijo^^; polainpuni(^^£Jo), •i'.a. 

To clean, wash, rinse. 2. see 

^<j2Jj polabu, J-. Acquaintance. 
2. familiarity, friendship. 3. 
exercise, practice. 4. ability. 
5. the outline or plan of a 

^t)3r/ polasi^, adj. Dirty, un- 
clean ; cf. ^^^eJcJ. s. see ts- 

^3 poll, s. Interest in ^kind. 
2. increase, abundance. — s-* 
Z53 4» a farmer to brincr home 
a sheaf of the first crop, shout- 
ing ^»-#s3 -^-d^^^ (increase! 
multiply! — K ^^Lftj to lend 
rice before the harvest and 
receive it back with 25 per 
cent after the season. —^^ 
Tl)r". — s3s^"- to shout ^■JsS^eS 
^'^e;. while gathering corn 
in a barn, —s^t^f. to increase. 

^0€, t^'t)A polike, polige, see 
^tif.. 2. see £,^^0^. 


"^Oz^)^ polipuni (#s5). V. a. To 
break. 2. see ^£'J>^fj. 

^©d^fl polimane, s. A wooden 
instrument for levelling and 
smoothening the floorinir of 
a building, e^c. 

^Soijo^ poliyuni (^«5), v. n. 
To break, be broken. 

^'SS-/ polisu, see ^s3co. 

t^'5 2jjs3 poluve, .y^^ £p^7?. 

S^ejj?jO polusu, J^6' :§p<yo^;^. 

^^9^ pole, s. Pollution, defile- 
ment. j| 

^'adpolke, see ^.^c^. '"' 

^^;a^ polpuni (^S), ^^ a. To i 
level and smootheu, as the j 
flooring of a building, (f/c., *' 
with a wooden instrument, j 
cf. ^essri. d:z6- to level a ' 
courtyard so. 

^o=CT^* pollakattu, ^. Mending 
upon mending, patch upon 

^'?s;^d,^ polldvuni, c.v. {of -^ 
e^o o)) To cause to sew or 

'^'tf\ poUige, s. Sewing, stitch- 
ing, needle-work. 

^£cijo^, 4'e)s>j^polliyuni, pol- 
luni (^^), "'. a. To sew, I 
stitch, knit. 2. to slander, I 
backbite. j 

^^j pollu, adj. Devoid of pulp, \ 
<?r kernel, as a fruit. 2. empty, j 
void. 3. timid, spiritless. i 

^'j^j^oSo, ^'S'433Do3j polluna- : 

- '^ . -1 
ye, polvediye, s. A tailor. 2. | 

a slanderer. . 

^^j^sS polluve, see ^°^^. i 

pollusu, s. Interest, j 

gain, profit. 2. luck, good j 
fortune. 3. money in reserve. 

^s5 polle, see £,^. 2. see if^-yf^ ) 

** 00 


^6 polle 


^^eJo potu 

■^■^5 polle, J'. Slander, talebear- 
ing. -=; 4(2^ a slanderer, 

3^s3 polve, see ^cii. 

^2JJ POISU, S'e fjFXV^TiO. 

S^jS^ posa, (I'dJ. New, novel. 2. 
fresh, recent. 3. strange, 
wonderful, unheard of. — Sj 
riczd^^ the New Testament, 
C/ir. — e9& rice of the new 
crop. — ^ocwo a new cloth. 
— v^s^jsa a stranger. — s^&new 
kind; a new path. — SssaS a 
new custom, an innovation. 
—TiTi.'T a new year. — ;to3 
strange or wonderful news. 

^?oo^ posante, see ^^Ti^-^cSo. 

2^:^^^ posatu, i". That which is 

new, fresh, eU. adv. Newly. 

— jror^^to observe the harvest 

^^3'3c3., ^'SJCei posataye, po- 

sabe, s. A new man, novice. 
'^T^DTi^Ci'poslgSime, see ^jz7i^7(-So. 

^::odo?i posuruni, see ^^diSd?^. 
3^;^ poske, see ^a#. 

^^0=5^0^ polankuni (^^o^), r'. iz. 

To be in distress. 2. to have 

-^^ poll, see ^€. 

^§o=#, ^T?€ polinke, polike, i". 
A present in cash to an actor, 
2. bark, skin, peel, crust. 

«5j8^^^ polipuni, see ^?3s5». 

^^_j^ poltu, see ^^r. 

^°^, ^«^o, polla, pollu, see ^oo^. 

^^0=3^0 ponkara, a^. Dirty. 

^^o^odo, ^^c^ponkuru, pon- 
kru, s. Slough, mire. adj. 
Miry. 2. dirty. ~^^ nasty 
people. — ^)e5 muddy water. 
— •:5o.ra& a dirty smell. — ^.^a 
^^, _3i;^a to be covered 
with mire. 

"^^o^^ ponkre, see ^?^. 

^(u^D pokuri, see ^?-8-5. 

^^=CT poka, ^rdj. Profligate, de- 
baucherous. 2. mischievous, 
turbulent. 3. jocose, droll. 
~^^ profligate, or debauche- 
rous people. 

^^^a?o, ^'ei^^^eJ?^ pokatana, 
pokatige, s. Profligacy, de- 
bauchery. 2. mischief. 3. 
waggery, drollery. 

S^^^^sj pokala, s. Perdition, 

^^^0 pokiri, s. Diminutive 

of fsS- adj. see ^jS'. 

^^S^j poku, i". Means; end. 2. 

passing off. 
^^^oa* pokulij, see ^^. 

^^r poke, s. A profligate, de- 
bauchee. 2. a mischievous 
person. 3. see si)^^. 4. a wag, 
wit; cf. ^e-3-5, 

^^^^ poktana, ^^^ ^e^^?;?. 

^?eji5^?ij, ^^13 potapoti, 

poti, s. Rivalry, emulation, 

^fei, 3^^^ poti, pote, s. A 

woman with a beard. 
^^eJo^ potuni (^?0), v. a. To 

embrace sexually, vlg. 

4'5ea podi 


^^^ pole 

^e'S?^! podige, s. Fear, fright, 
terror. — ^&3j4^, — j^Sj^^^^ 
to frighten, intimidate, threa- 

^e'^ci:!;^?', 4'^ei^55D4^ podi- 
yavuni, podipavuni, c. v. [of 
^jt^CriKJoor.) To frighten, threa- 
ten, terrify. 

^?aoioo^ podiyuni (4^?^), v.n. 
To fear, be afraid. ^t?a5^o 
bs) to be alarmed, frightened, 

^^3 potra, .S-. Coincidence 
in measurement, agreement, 
likeness, adj. Right, correct, 
equal, uniform; cf. ^-'^t-R. 

^(:hZ popini (^?), z'.72. To go, 
go oS' or away. 2. to be lost, 
disappear. 3. to pass, depart, 
start. ^£,£— a house to be 


ruined. £^— to pass time; 
to support one's self or his 
family. #?r;& when going. 
^i^-^b 2Z7jFQ when going and 
coming. ^'?-o s^ir let me 
take leave. #?^oae35i not to 
go, so as not to be lost. Sj 
"dh ^e^ where had you been? 
^?;jA^ejust when going. ^ 
:5!s?^t3 20^ you cannot go. ^ 
#?4cT50 you must go. 

«^^Ci, ^^d pora, pore, s. A lad. 

^?0 pori, s. A lass. 2. .s^^ 

^?Sr^i porige, 5. Full or cor- 
rect measurement of grain, 
elo. — t?Lft to measure cor- 
rectly, measurement to be 

correct. — -rfo^^os^^ to give a 
correct measure of grain, 
e'c, as a seller to a pur- 

^'?=30J0J^ poriyuni (#?B), r-. a. 
To give a correct measure of 
grain, efc. 2. to tease, 
trouble, annoy. v\-restle, 
quarrel, -ssfja^— to wrestle 
from insolence. 

^^djiejo porotu, s. The side 
slips of a piece of timber. 

^^D5r^?iporyavuni, f.T'. (o/tPi 
bcdooa) To cause to measure 
correctly, as grain. 

^^0 poll, s. Speaking irrele- 
vently. 2. plunder, extor- 
tion, adj. Irrelevent, imperti- 
nent. 2. plundering, extor- 
tionate. — ^^^^ to plunder. 

^'sesS pole, see s&j?^. 

^^'o" polye, s. A small kind of 

^e-^, ^?sir2, ^'e!^:s;cl posha, 
poshana, poshane, s. Nourish- 
ment, maintenance, feeding. 

"^^^ posa, s. Sunset, evening. 
—z: t;:^to7 evening time, —era 
c^o one who observes the cus- 
tom of taking his supper be- 
fore sunset, as a Jain. 2. see 




!^Z< posra, s. Urine. 


^?^^C73o3j posraladaye, s. A 
demon so called. 

"^l^ pole, s. A cake of rice 
flour, etc.^ baked on a pot- 
sherd or iron plate. 

■^{^ pole 


srijo prati 


i^^^^-303o polekayi, s. Writing 
a large, crooked hand, as 
children do. 

Sj3 pou, see 33^4. 2. see ^. 

55^oZa pounci, see Ti^oZo. 

53^023, 55^23 pounji, pouji, see 

53^23, dS^Ud pouji, pouju, ^t-^' 
sPrsL^o ,oO^?)iio pounattujpouna- 

ttu, s. Doing things by halves. 

— ^(^ri a work done by half. 
53^3 poutri, s. A grand daughler. 

53^djS[ pourusha, i". Heroism, 
manliness. 2. boast, brag. 

ss'^pd pyade, see ^?5. 

pra, ^ ^Sfli^zi-. prefix implying 
Progressive motion. 2. ex- 
cess. 3. excellence. 
=CT£J prakata, adj. Displayed, 
unfolded, revealed, manifest, 
public. — ■rfo^oKjS) to proclaim, 
make public- 

^=3'eicl prakataue, s. Revelation, 




»j,=3^dr3 prakarana, s. A chapter. 




section. 2. an introduction, 
prologue, prelude. 

prakara, s. Manner, 
method, mode. adv. Accord- 
ing to, conformably with. 
tj^'^i) prakasa, s. Sunshine, 
lustre, light, splendour. 2. 
expansion, diffusion, mani- 
festation. — ^Lri to shine. 
— cro^?i to have lustre. — ifjs? 
8iOr^ light or splendour to 
appear. — ^??:St light to fade 
away; light to shed forth. 

(>>j-, c*^ c^n 





=^^:i prakr\;ita, s. The present, 
this time. —Xo for the present. 
^=^x3 prakr^ti, s. Nature. 2. 
the natural state of anything. 
3. the root. 4. cause, origin. 
S3'3q t prakhyata, adj. Celebrat- 
ed, famous; notorious. 
iae)o>B prakhyati, s. Publicity, 
fame, notoriety. 
"^zd pracanda, adj. Intolera- 
ble, insupportable. 2. bold 
confident, presumptuous. 3. 
violent, fierce. —rJi>^ tempest, 
storm, —-^-j-iiyii'i, a bold, vali- 
ant or fierce man. 
Li^rf pracara, .s-. Precept, ob- 

"cs^t^h prajapati, s. Brahma, 
the creator. 2. a king. 3. a 
decent term for the memb- 
rum virile. 

^ praje, ^. People, subjects. 
2. offspring, progeny. 
s!j3^|^^I^ prajotpatti, s. The 
fifth year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 

gjZd,©?;jo^ prajvalisuni (^Si^«5cJ), 
v.n. To shine, glitter. 2. to 
blaze, be inflamed. 

^23^ 53 praj vale, s. Shining, glit- 
ter, blaze. [affection. 

^rsojj pranaya, s. Friendship, 

sj,3^)3:! pratapa, s. Dignity, ma- 
jesty. 2. valour, prowess. 
3^3^ pratEpu, s. An old Indian 
coin equivalent to one rupee. 
>B prati, A Sans, prefix im- 
plying '^\x\)'&\.\i\x.i\Qi\.. 2.seve- 





3j,«l prati 


,qi pratha 




ral, in order. 3. direction, 
designation. 4. belonging to. 
5. exchange, return, s. A 
substitute ; a copy. adj. Eacb, 
every. — a^ every day. — Ji'rf 
^J3?) each man. — £^?> to 
take a copy. 

si)>s=o^Cl pratikara, s. A remedy, 
antidote. 2. a return oi 
offices either good or bad. 
—■rfj^o.S)-to revenge, retaliate. 
o=^J3^ pratikula, s. Oppo- 
sition, clashing, disagree- 
ment, adj. Adverse, contrary. 

■fj.h'S^ pratilne, s. Promise, as- 
sent. 2. resolution, vow. 
.Bq^^^ pratidhvani, s- An echo. 

3^^ pratinidhi, ^. A resem- 
blance of a real figure, image, 
picture. 2. a representative, 
proxy. 3. a surety. 
Jn^sjo pratinema, s. Daily 
religious observance. 

sj,3sj=5^ pratipaksha, i". The op- 
posite side or party. 

zLli^'-o pratiphala, s. Reward: 
return, requital. 

sj.vlzocdpratibandha, ^. Obstacle, 

320cqi?2 pratibandhane, s. A 
demoniacal possession. 2. 

o;:lc2o pratibimba, ^. A reflec- 
tion, resemblance or coun- 
terpart of a real form, as a 
picture, image, shadow. 
3Sjj pratime, s. An image, 
idol, puppet. 





d3dJS^ pratirupu, .y. A picture, 

image, counterpart. 
ti^^^vZ^ pratilabha, s. Twofold 

gain, profit. 

o J^ 5 OJ ,^ r J 


gj^^T!^^ prativacana, 
prativakya, 5. A reply, answer. 

^.oS'sa pratividi, s. A defend- 
ant, respondent. 

tj.h'^^ pratishthe, s. Fame, cele- 
brity. 2. consecration. 3. 
endowment. 4. staying, stand- 
ing, fixation. —25"?:^ to be 
consecrated. — -do^o^^ to con- 

^>S(»=gt)d pratikara, see ■^^^-^. 

■^h^'i pratlkshe, s. Hope, ex- 

sjsocij pratyaya, s. An affix. 

trsr^a pratyaksha, adj. Percep- 
tible, perceivable, present. 
— ii appearance, advent. 

pratyuttara, s. An 
answer, reply. 

tj^iz;X'si,C pratyupakara, s. Re- 
j ciprocated favour, return of 
1 good offices. 

^j%^^ pratyeka, adj. Separate, 
distinct. ^"%- one by one. 
j g sn ^ ^ ^ ;i , ^ 1^ ^ iS- ?jo ^ pratyeki- 
puni, pratyekisuni (^^^""^^ ^ 
eno^cj), v.a. To separate. 
qj^j prathama, «4/. First, 
prior. 2. chief, principal. 
_5S;-:iozi the third person, 
gram, —sj-z^^ the nomina- 
tive case. — ^ at first. 

t^f^ prathame, s. The first 
lunar day. 




rf prada 


^^0^ prame 




rfs^r^ pradarsana, s. Showing. 
2. explaining. 
oj^Cj^rs, 3J,ujvfl, sJ.d-D-rs pra- 
dakshana, pradakshane pradak- 
shina, s. Reverential circura- 
ambulation around an object 
of worship. ["tion. 

CjD^ pradana, ^. A gift, dona- 

d^s! pradesa, s. A place in 
g-eneral. 2. a country, dis- 

^dJS^^ pradosha, s. The first 
part of the night. 
qj«)jd pradhana, adj. Principal, 
chief, superior. — odra&i^ a 
high priest. 

qjt)^ pradhani, s. A prime 

o2ct prapanca, .y. The world, 
universe. 2. illusion, delu- 
sion. 3. partiality. adj. 
Worldly, secular. ~tSo^.\^ 
to be partial. sioiS zJdsioei 
f^^ there is no distinction at 
a dinner table. 

^^D^ prapata, s. A cliff, preci- 
pice. 2. a water-fall. 3. a 
bank, shore, 

^zooi^i prabandha, s. An essay, 
literary composition, con- 
nected discourse, 
too prabala, adj'. Strong, 
powerful. 2. abounding, pre- 
vailing. ~Z9h?i to become 
powerful; to prevail; to 
spread widely. 

^E^sj prabhava, ^. The first year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 








^2jj"S)d prabhava, s. Majesty, 
dignity. 2. power, energy. 

gj2p«)5j^prabhavale, 5. The shrine 
of an idol. 

^2^j prabhu, s. A lord, master, 
prince. — ^^ power, author- 
ity, government. 

^E^ prabhe, s. Light, splendour, 

gjSJoa^, pramatta, adj. Intoxicat- 
ed. 2. infatuated, proud. 
sjjjp pramathe, s. An attend- 
ant on Siva, 
sjjc^ pramada, set; ^^J3?rf. 

^jsra pramana, s. Measure, 
size, dimension, quantity. 
2. proof, testimony. 3. an 
oath. 4. limit. —Tijozi s5^ a 
document containing the 
terms of an oath, — ■dos^o^S) 
to take an oath, 
d^^r^ pramani, s. A head-man, 
t^Wef. |-j^^. 

^djt)ro>=CT pramanika, ^i?^ w^^re 

sjjscj pramada, ^. Mistake, in- 
accuracy. 2. carelessness. 
Sjjsa pramldi, s. The thir- 
teenth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 
s^Jsja^s^ pramadica, s. The 
forty-seventh year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 
^^ooaj pramukha, adj. Chief, 
principal, first. 2. excellent, 

^o^crfj prameya, s. Opportu- 
nity, occasion. 2, the subject 
or topic of a conversation. 











^s:*) prava 



g^o?rj^^^'?;^l2j pramesrinotu, s. 
A promissory note. 
;3j=3d prameha,.s". The venereal 

gdJS^ci pramoda, s. Joy, glad- 
ness, happiness, delight. 

^^JS^djs^ pramoduta, s. The 
fourth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

gcjo^j prayatna, s. Endeavour, 
effort. 2. act, action. —"^ 
'^^r^ to try, endeavour. 

^oio^ri prayaga, s. Sacrifice, 
oblation. 2. the confluence 
of the Ganges and Yamuna 
at Allahabad. 

ij>c^i)r9 prayana, s. Journey, 
march. — trooSo, — ^ a passen- 
ger, traveller. — -do^osj^ to 
travel, journey. 
'::;^D7i prayasa, s. Labour, 
trouble, fatigue 2. difficulty, 
embarrassment. 3. pain. 
cijo^ prayukta, adj. Endowed 
with, possessing, as an attri- 
bute, postpo. For, on ac- 
count of. 

gcSJ5?rl prayoga, s. Conse- 
quence, result. 2. the opera- 
tion or effect of magical or 
mysterious rites. 3. effort, 
exertion. 4. act, action. 5. 
use of a word. 6. the admi- 
nistration or prescription of 
medicine. -fosj^r^ to be in 
use, as a word. _ ^o^o^^, ^^e 
t\^^ to perform any magical 
rites, etc. \ to administer, as 



medicine, poison, etc.\ to use, 
make use of. 

ty<:^si^'z prayojake, s. A clever 
man. sf^-, f-^— a worthless 

^oSjs^s^f! prayojana, s. Cause. 
2. motive. 3. result. 4. oc- 
cupation, business. 5. profit, 
use, advantage, —^h?^ to be 
of use. TZi,t~ of what use is 
it? —crocS useless, worthless. 

^°)(X!j pralaya, s. A general 
deluge, the world's destruc- 
tion. 2;e;_ the deluge. 

t^XRit, pralapa, s. Sorrow, lamen- 

sF'g' pravartake, s. An author. 
2. an arbiter, judge. 
sJsFfd pravartana, s. Action, 
business. 2. conduct, be- 

3ld«^r?;jjr.pravartisuni (^"^^f^^ 
V. n. To be going on, to be 
in a state of action- 2. to 
behave, conduct one's self. 

^sJqj^fSpravardhane, s. Increas- 
ing, thriving. 

^ ■^^r?ij^ pravardhisuni (^-^^if 
c3), V. 11. To increase, pros- 




per, thrive. 

^5Ti)d pravada, s. Report, ru- 

g^DCo?? pravadane, s. Prophecy, 
prediction. — ^rf^^), ^sua;^?^ 
to prophesy, foretell. 
S'sa pravadi, s. A prophet. 



SB^j pravasa, see t.-6^7i. 
D^ pravaha, s. A stream cur- 

-^ -; 

^S3B prava 


dj)^^ prasta 


rent; the flowing or course 
of any thing. 

SDSJ^ pravala, s. Coral. -^\ 
calcination of coral. 

^CD^rs pravina, adj. Skilful, 
clever. —^ cleverness, skill. 

sl^^cl pravine, s. A skilful man, 
a clever man. 

gj^x-Bj, pravr^tti, s. Activity, 

si.s^rf pravr\xddha, adj. Full 
grown, expanded, spread 
abroad, dispersed, increased, 

^^?2) pravesa, s. Entrance. 2. 
arrival. 3. commencement, as 
of learning. — e^L^ to inter- 
fere, —-^^xt^. -^^e^ijios to 
enter; to commence. 

^^o?o prasainsa, s. Praise, flat- 
tery. 2. subject, matter. —^ 
5&^ri to refer to a matter. 
_^j<s<o^^ to praise, flatter; to 
speak on a matter. 

^5^^ prasasta, adj. Good, com- 
mendable, excellent, illustri- 
ous, famous. 2. convenient, 

"^t. prasne, s. A question, inter- 
rogation. 2. soothsaying. 
— Q?bsi to consult stars on a 
matter or event; to make 
an astrological calculation. 
— zii^o^?) to ask, question. 

^^J3^i?^d prasnottara, s. A 
dialogue, catechism. 

^Sori prasanga, ^. A sermon, 
preaching. 2. a discourse, 



lecture. 3. a Hindu drama. 
^?io?\ a preacher. — -do^o^?) 
to preach, discourse. 
ii.0-^ prasanna, adj. Pleased, 
delighted, gracious, favour- 
able, auspicious, —^h^^ to 
be pleased, favourable. — ■rfj 
f ■l{i,.^ reo^ to win over. 

prasava, s. Bringing forth 
or bearing young. 2. birth, 
production. —^?3jn the travail 
of childbirth. 

^Je)^ prasada, s. Favour, kind- 
ness, propitiousness. 2. food, 
eU., offered to a deity or to 
a guru. -?^"5— God's favour; 
what is offered or conse- 
crated to God. [rice. 
-jDCJf^ prasadana, s. Cooked 

sJ,?;i!Cjr^ prasadhane, s. Dress, 

^?orf prasiddha, adj. Famous, 
celebrated, public, notorious. 
_efSbS5 to become famous or 
notorious. —■^^J's^o^ri to publish. 

sJyoD prasiddhi,^. Fame, notorie- 
ty, celebrity. 

g;^J33prasuti,5. Bringing forth 
as young. 2. birth. 
;o prasta, s. Any auspicious 
ceremony. 2. marriage. ^J3e 
2^^— consummation of a 

3j,?^s),3Jprastapa, J-. Opportunity. 
2. incidental reference to a 
person or thing. — ■rfos^'oKjcS, 
siiTte brio?) to speak on an af- 
fair ; to seize an opportunity. 


A^^'\ prasta 



Sj^cjj praya 

3:I,^\rf?3 prastavane, j-. Com- 
mencement, introduction. 

3i,sdO prahara, s. A watch, or 
the eighth part of an entire 
day and night. 2. a weapon. 
3. a blow. 

^ooDd prahlade, s. A pious son 
of Hiranyakasipu. 

^«;^0Jj pralaya, see ^<yccio. 

^^^^f2 prakshalane, s. Wash- 
ing, cleaning. 

o3"5),oa, 5j?),osc. pranta, prantya, 
.f . Edge, border, frontier, part, 
neighbourhood, adj. Near, 

Sj^u^ prak^, a^'. Before, prior, 
old, preceding. 2. past. —^ 
■^spofrom past time. —°3sd an 
old account. — S formerly. 

53^ ^^x 5 prakruta, adj. Natural. 
2. low, vulgar, s. A peculiar 
dialect of Sanskrit. 

S3■?.^c^N pracina, adj- Former, 
prior, ancient, old. 

Sj'^^td prajna, adj. Clever, intel- 
ligent. — ~^^J3^, 3:]^^aclever 

5j^roprana,5'. Life, vitality. 2. air 
inhaled, breath. — os^^l. — ;6^e 
2ci, sj^?5^i^an intimate friend. 
_^j?istf a murderer. — rijSsJ 
consecration of an idol. — ?jo 
^ta dangerous illness. — ^Pe 
2:» to die. — 23c3:3j3f«5j^ to be 
weary of life; to consume 
one's self. z;G6i;:^??js<£*j the 
five vital airs, or modes of 
inspiration and respiration. 

5j^r^ prani, s. A living being, 
an animal. 

55^s5^D^^, 53^a?j^^> piEtah- 
kala, prataskala, s. The dawn, 

33^^ prapta, adj. Obtained, 
gained, received. 2. profi- 
cient, efficient. — e?:ios|^^ to 
be competent. 

50^^ prapti, s. Gain, profit. 2. 
acquiring, obtaining. 3. suc- 
cess, improvement. 4. power 
or faculty of acquiring. 5. 
luck, fate, fortune. — e??-^ to 
happen; to be obtained, —en) 
s|^s> to be able or lucky. 

SJS.SoJ^rS^s'pramanika, «^'. True, 
of great force, credit, or 

sj"s),Cjo praya, s. A state or con- 
dition of life, as age, youth, 
etc. — c£o?l how old are 
you? Ji^li— middle age, prime 
of life. —2a a young man. 
—^h?i to be old; to come 
to age. There is a saying 
about the different stages of 
human life; namely: — -s^S 

e93i^, es^tli 200^:)^, o^jj^tio 

odoji. ?ij55S siorfora childish- 
ness at ten (years), beauty 
at twenty, youth at thirty, 
manhood at forty, dotage at 
fifty, longing at sixty, a stick 
at seventy, cripple at eighty. 

33^ 0:5 J praya 




^sX ij 1>( 

prostration at ninety, and 
departure at hundred. 

^-?),Qioh t prayascitta, s. Punish- 
ment. 2. expiation, penance, 
atonement. — ^jsbr^ to pay 
a fine. — ^o^o^S) to punish, 
fine; to atone, expiate- 

prarambha, s. Com- 
mencement, beginning. 

Sj2;3o2p?io^ prarambhisuni {y^ 
rJoEpcj), V. a. To begin, com- 

o3^d2j , oa^e;:j prarabdha, pra- 

labdha, s. Destiny, fortune, 
fate, luck. 

oODqJr^ prarthane, s. Prayer, 
supplication, asking. 2. di- 
vine service. — ■do^o.^, zs^^^f 
7^-^r^ to pray. 

53^5!^ prasana, s. Feeding, eat- 
ing. -^^0^^ to eat; to drink. 

S5T^:^ prasa, s. Alliteration, 

S5^^ praste, s. A prime minister. 

^Cjj priya, adj. Dear, beloved, 
desired. 2. dear, high in 
price. 3. see sSDodo. — ?j^ a 
beloved companion. 

h^^^ priti, i". Love, affection, 
regard. 2. delight, pleasure. 
3. the second of the twenty- 
seven astronomical yogas. 

_^TJ, —epro^ an affectionate 
disposition. — ©jseSiB^ia _z5j 
s?J^?i to love. — e)?aj^ to be 
^^^ preta, s. A corpse. 2. a 

ghost, goblin. 




_,^dj prema, s. Affection, kind- 
ness. 2. pleasure, sport, pas- 
time, joy. —rod a friendly 

^^c!=^ prerake, s. An inciter, 
mover, instigator. 
^drl, gj^d^sicl prerane, prere- 
pane, s. Sending, direction, 
passion or operation of the 
organs of sense. 2. incite- 
ment, instigation. 3. inspi- 
ration. — •rfo^o^S), ^^-d^hTio^ to 
inspire; to incite, induce. 
^3;^ prerita, adj. Sent, di- 
rected; inspired. 

^^2^F^, ^'Sj^^^rs procana, prok- 
shana, ^. Sprinkling. — -rfo^o^^, 
^?-|^?io^ to sprinkle. 

^^qiproudha,rt;^'. Skilful, clever. 

5j^c^ proudhe, s. A skilful or 
clever man. 

plava, ^. The thirty-fifth year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 

J ^ofi plavanga, s. The forty- 
first year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 


^ pha 



4j23s> ptala 


^ pha, The thirty-fifth letter of 
the alphabet. 

^■§^6 phakire, s. A dervise, 
Mussulman mendicant. 2. a 
destitute man. 3. a solitary 

^^,^ phakkane, ad?'. Suddenly, 

4j23evB phajiti, see ^zi°B. 

^eiort phatin^a, (idj. Rude, ill- 
behaved,unsteady, dissipated. 
2. dishonest. — j^n dissipa- 
tion; dishonesty. 

^Uof) phatinge, ^. A rake, pro- 
fligate. 2. a dishonest man. 

^Ss^, ^d phadica, phadca, s. 
Settlement, adjustment. 2. 
determination, decision. — "^ 
1^^ to be settled; to be de- 
cided. —-^"^^^ to settle; to 

^ds^.'^JT, iids^.^k phadposu, 
phadposi, s. Carelessness, per- 
functoriness. 2. answering 
without thinking. 3. getting 
through a business by hook 
or by crook, adj. Superficial, 
careless; also si^^co. _^e;?j a 
work done anyhow, —^xi-^js^ 
a superficial man. — 3:3^s"djS) 
to say more than one knows; 
to speak at random. 

^CiDO^j phadayi, s. Difficulty, 
great distress. 


^r^ phani, s. A serpent, cobra. 
—•rfjccosj a festive ceremony 
in the name of the serpent- 
god; also ^/(■A>ori<°}. 

^cl phane, see sir?. 

^i^ phatte, see ^^. 

^Sd^jXs:' phayisal^, see ^^~^- 

^C^' pharak^, s. Discrimina- 
tion, distinction. 2. recogni- 
tion, identification; cf. 3i5e^. 
—■^';^o^r^ to discriminate. — rf 
^_^ato recognise, identify; to 

^jD'SSJs" pharakhati^, adj. Free, 
unrestricted, well off. 

^D"S3 pharari, ^. Running away. 
— s?L?i to abscond, desert. 

^^jiffS pharmane, j". A mandate, 

■^"o phala, s. A fruit in general, 
the fruit of any plant. 2. 
result, produce, consequence. 
3. prosperity, thriving. 4. 
gain, profit, advantage. — ^ 
^ fruits, -^h^ to be fruit- 
ful, —"ijdhr^ to yield fruit. 
— :ij3?3io» to see the conse- 
quence of an act. 

^23^?S phalane, pron. Such a 
one, such and such. — t^crf 
such a work. 

^23i;d phalara, s. A slight re- 
past of fruits or sweets, col- 
lation. 2. any food except 

ojj® phali 


ajori bange 

rice. — -rfj^o^^ to take some 
light food. 

3fj©i phalita, adj. Fruitful. 2. 
profitable. 3. prosperous, 
thriving. 4. effectual. 

o5JSo^^), ^£i?oO^ phalipuni, phali- 
suni (^e3), V. n. To yield fruit, 
be productive, 2. to be suc- 
cessful, profitable. 3. to come 
to pass, fulfill, as a prediction. 

ef)?j©, ^^) phasali, phasli, s. The 
current revenue year, (from 
July to June). 

■^^"S, phavuji, s. An army, 
troops, host. 

^scOod phayide, see ssosorf. 

^QSJ3^ pharikhati^, s. Receipt, 
acquittance, divorce. 2. pay- 
ment of a debt. 

^■3s;or3 phalguna,^. The twelfth 
lunar month. 

^ji^JSa phituri, s. Any secret, 
deceitful or underhand pro- 
ceeding, intrigue, conspiracy. 
2. instigation, incitement. 
— ^jsbr^ to incite. — ■rfo'^j.^) 
to intrigue; to betray. 

,^rfoA phirangi, see l.-do'h. 

^jQois^a, ,^0o3DF£) phiriyadi, 
phiryadi, s. A complaint, an 
accusation in law. 

^^?j* phisi^, s. Fees, remunera- 

^6J^e'o^i, phuroktu, s. Sale, 

particularly of stamps. 
^nO* plieil^, s. A register, file. 
^li^Q^ pheisali^, see ^^ri^. 


2j ba, The thirty-sixth letter of 

the alphabet. 
tioi§- banki, see sroctf. 

2oo^c5'5)^o=3' bankinayake, s. A 
honorific title amongst Billa- 

Hori, 2J02G banga, banna, see £;jc7\. 

iiorisS bangale, see soo;^. 
toorrsLJ bangata, see E;Sc7^y. 
Worrao^, Zjohd^j bangar^, banga- 
ra, see s^ct^B. 

WorTajd^ssoSJ bangarakayi, s. 
The Indian acalypha, Aca- 
lypha Indica. 


2Jone)S^ bangala, J. Bengal. 

zjoAe)^ bangali, J-. Jugglery, 
legerdemain, trickery, impos- 
ture. 2. an impostor, cheat. 

tooA bangi, j'. Hemp, Cannabis 
saliva. — 83?-i3 one addicted 
to hemp smoking. —ti^Tj to 
becomeintoxicated with hemp. 
—-s^^^ to smoke hemp. 

Zooriod bangude, s. The mac- 
20o?ijc5 bangura, j-^^ sSct-.o. 

2^or1os3 bangule, see '^^-R^- 
zooi^D^ bangeri^, s. A title of 

zoorl bang^ra 


20022 banji 

2. a 


certain old chieftains 
family name among: 
Bants and Billavars. 

20 crip, z.zi^. bangra, bangri, sec 

zocri bangle, ^. A bangalow, 
residence of an European. 

zoo^i", Zdo^ytl^Ts^^^ banghi, ban- 
ghitappalu, s. Parcel or pac- 
ket post. 

E0o2S banna, see ipoiK. 

too2iN3DOjj banjanatlye, s. A 
demon so called. 

2002^ f5 bancane, see Tioii^. 

2002^0^ bancuni, see ^osisg^, 

2Jo2dd banjara, see sioard. 

2oo2;id banjara, adj. Sterile, bar- 
ren. —^-3^ uncultivated land; 
waste land. — eojB-doS) to re- 
main uncultivated. 

20c2J5)Ci banjara, adv. Heartily 
freely, largely. — e?Lr^ to 
have a hearty meal. — £A)r|x^ 
to eat heartily. —zjsrk^^ to 
serve food profusely. 

20oc2 banJi, s. The stomach. 2. 
the belly. 3. the womb. 4. 
the interior or inner part, as 
of a tree, eic. 5. the thinner 
portion of the shell of a cocoa- 
nut. 6. the mind, heart, -^ov 
20cc5c:7)cio a corpulent (?r clum- 
sy man. — -rfoS a long worm 
infecting the bowel, --rfje? 


voracious, eager; patient, 
long suffering, —a <^35 there 
is nothing to eat. — £??w colic, 
gripes; Jfg. envy. -:i "S-d the 

stomach. — ::^ ^J3i3e3 want o 
food, starvation. — ese^or^to 
be hungry; to be distressed. 
^J5)&- a big belly, potbelly. ^ 
^—pregnancy by illicit inter- 
course. -&zf6— an early stage 
of pregnancy. ~^h?> to be 
pregnant. — ^^ora the belly 
to subside. — ra&orfooa, -i'osl^ 
■do-^, —cSo^ora the belly to 
distend. — ^ds^a to miscarry, 
cause an abortion. — St^D^a 
to digest. — ^o-iS^a, —t-^S^^ 
to feel a griping pain in the 
bowels. — ac&oa to fill the 
belly, to have a hearty meal, 
hunger to be appeased. — ^ 
^?i to be aggrieved, —z^tr^. 
— ^s?£^r€Oc':) to become preg- 
nant through illicit inter- 
course. — ■^ioKsga, — -rfoasga to 
retch, to have nausea, qualm. 
-•rfo^o^a to cause pregnancy 
through illicit intercourse. 
~E ^^Lti to have looseness 
in the bowels, to purge. 
20o23^, 2:o2!rjd; banjina, banjina- 
vu, s. Pregnancy. 2. stools. 
adj. Pregnant. — 5o^o^S), 200 
^^■dh ^i^ho^ to go to stool. 

2Jo2ofi^ banjinadi, s. The belly 
of a beast or fish. 

^oo^3^5■^^ banjinali^, s. A preg- 
nant woman. 

20022^2 -.6 banjibeire, s. A glutton. 

20c22dJ^ banjiruni (20ca25), t/. a. 
The (distended) belly to 

tOo2§ banje 


£00 to banda 

200^ banJe, s. A barren woman. 

ac/j. Barren, sterile. 
toodsS banjele, s. A glutton. 
Eoodsjjjfj barijeltana, s. Gluttony. 
2Jo2£j3£0^ banjottu, see aooSirf. 

ZJokj* bant^, s. Pride, vanity. 
2. bragging, boasting. 

zoo^DeJ, eooeje)e3f» bantata, ban- 
tatige, see b^ous^. 

ZJoL'o bantu, i-^^ sooO. 2.beroic, 
|| courageous. 3. glutinous. -^ 
N courage, pride. 

2uo^ bante, s. A man belonging 
to the principal class of culti- 
vators, called Bants. 2. a 
servant. 3, a demon so called. 
^.t);^::^ a demon priest. 

20o(2* baud^, see ^c5. 

20oc^?^° bandas|^, jr. A kind of fish. 

2ooC3rJe)e3 bandasale, s. A store- 
house, warehouse, granary. 
2jo:3?g bendase, see sococo. 

WoCa'sii, eooLa'seJrl bandata,banda- 
tige, see spzz^k^-R. 

2JoC2'305j bandayi, s. Conspiracy. 

20oSe)d bandara, see EjSozss-rf. 

zooi^DO bandari, see sporjuS. 

eooiS bandi, see ^ca. 

aoodo, zooiiaj;^^ bandu, banduta- 
na, see s^zE. 

200^1 bande, see ^ci5. 

zoors banna, s. Colour, paint, 
dye. 2. exaggeration. 3. a 
degree of fineness, touch in 
metallurgy, -as^ a painter, 
dyer; y%-. a man given to 
exaggeration, —^jshr^, ~^^ 

S), — sijr^j^ to colour, paint, 
dye; to exaggerate. -^.?L^?) 
colour to fade. 

2ooCQc7ie503jbannangayi, .J. A half 
grown cocoanut. 

eooralor?, zooraDeiri bannatige, 
bannatige, s. A piece of wood 
driven through rafters to 
keep them fast. 2. carving, 

2Jor3^?^ bannanige, see soorf^i:^. 

Eoor^Ajd bannasara, s. A coral 

zoorliri bannige, j-. A painter. 

2^033* band^, j-. Shutting, closing. 
2. stoppage, suspension, ceas- 
ing. 3. prohibition, forbid- 
ding. -Ci-ba to be shut; to 
cease, stop. — SlI, j-^g eoorfo^O, 
-■s^j^j^S) to shut, close; to 
secure; to prohibit; to cease. 

tiocj banda, s. Dough. —53^ leav- 
en. -^eJigr-a, ~Th^.\^^ to knead 
flour to dough. 

20od banda, i'^:^ s^o^i. 

WoCjcI o bandaddye, j^. 'Half bak- 
ed or boiled cake. 

2Jodj^ zi^:j bandada-mara, s. The 
wild mangosteen tree, Dios- 
pyros einbroypteris. 

soodA bandagi, s. Slavery, ser- 

zooCjfo, eoodi^ bandana, bandane, 
see soojji. [plant. 

c^ol^^f^ bandanige, s. A parasitic 

zjoujD* bandary, s. A port, har- 
bour, --s^o^^o^^ to make a 
port, to anchor. 

20 0& bandi 


Zi^ baka 

ejoS bandi, s. A kind of neck- 
ornament of gold. 

20o£i bandi, s. Imprisonment, con- 
finement. ^&;5— temporary 
confinement. — ^?3, — a^ojS a 
prison, jail, imprisonment, 

Woa=CTJ5^^j bandikolu, s. A pair 
of cudgels used by a gymnast. 

20oas3DN bandivane, s. A pri- 
soner. 2. a criminal, culprit. 

tooCJJ, soocS bandu, bande, ^^^ 

eooclJS* bandukij, 20crf,t^. 

20orf3=3ie3* bandukat.iji,^-. Securing, 
making fast. 2. compactness, 
union. 3. fineness, nicety. 
adj. Secure, fast. 2. compact. 
3. fine, nice. 

tJorfJSS^ bandiikiji, s. A gun. 

EoocSs:^ bandely, -?. A residence, 

eocdJ^^zo?^ bandobasty, s. Set- 
tlement, arrangement, ma- 
nagement. 2. safety, security. 
—■sios^Os^ to settle: to secure. 

2Joq^, soo^N, 2ooqi^ bandha, 
bandhana, bandhane, ^. Bind- 
ing, tying. 2. imprisonment, 

eooqjj bandhu, i". A kinsman, 
relation. . — a-^X relations^ 
in the aggregate. — ^^?^ love 
of relatives. 

too?^?^ bannana, ^. Trouble, ca- 
lamity, afiliction, torment. 
2. see soctji. _ cro:5o a tor- 
menter. —B^^^ — zJtf 4?), eooji 

^jaTli eijs-dos) to be afilicted. 

—eobrr'i to be involved in 

troubles. ~^^^?i to afflict, 

torment, trouble. 
20oF5'3a3?^ bannatige, see 20c?3Dt2i?. 
i:o^,Zfi bannanige, see z^tzd^^. 
2.0?;^^' bannaliji, s<^^ ii:>ori^v. 2. 

a family name. 3. lineage, 
zoo^s^od, tjo?3:;io3 bannimara, 

bannemara, ^. The tree Mimosa 

2^o35s» bampel^, see zstz-fB. 
Wo2j05o bambayi, i'. The thorny 

part of a palmyra branch. 
wozoo bambu, s. Layers of the 

fibrous coverings of a plantain 

tree. 2. the bamboo. 
zjoiJODbamburi, s. A small kind 

of oyster. 
WozS bambe, s. The core or 

inside stalk of a plantain 

tree. 2. flattery, false praise. 

3. prattling, --s,"^ the rind 

of a plantain. -SS^-j^t^ to 

work for nothing or in vain. 
zoos^On bammana, ^. Slander, 


jr?v^^ —Siij^o^ j 

_-rfos;<jvrj, 2;G-rfo^4a to backbite. 
2oo^j?jOioj^ bammaniyuni, see 

2o=a baka, s. A crane. -?i s^^oso 
a loud talking person. — -s^-tjO 
a glutton. 

Ev^2.-=CT bakabaka, a^r. Voracious- 
ly, eagerly. —Bi-^^ to swallow 

2o=s^o bakala, ^. A gash, deep 
incision, -^ht^ to be gashed. 

20=CT baka 


20 ri ba^a 

to'^QjSiJou bakalamara, s. The tree 
Mimusops elcngi\ also "5o^5 

205«)?jo6 bakasure, s. A monster 

so called. 2. a glutton. 
20-S-6 bakire, i"<r^ v^e'S. 
w-o-^13 bakiti, see sorfeS. 
zc-S-^s:^ bakil^, s. A glutton. 

20=3*0, 2o^o^ji)0, to^ baku, baku- 
mari, bake, see co^?Jot3. 

jo^^a bakedi, ^. Loss from bad 
debts, insolvency. 2. diffi- 
culty, distress. 3. necessity, 
want. — jj-drfjBoi a needy 
man; an insolvent. 

20=0, bakka, see -^^. 

20^^^^, 2o=CT,?l:o^ bakkanipuni, 
bakkanyuni (s^^^^, s^*^^), ^.^. 
To ask repeatedly. 

20=^D* bakkar^, s. A stride. 

20^^^ bakkas^, ^^^ £5ja^^::rf. 

20^^:^o^ bakkasuni (so^d^cJ), 7/. a. 

To devour. 
20=^j?)r3o^ bakkonuni, .y^^ eoodog'os). 

20^e3, 2or\^ad baktale, bagijtale, 
s. Parting the hair in the 
middle of the head by com- 
bing. 2. combing the hair 
into curls. 3. the crown of 
the head. 4. a chaplet. 

20^ bakra, s. A sheep, jungle 

207^3 bug-ijiti, see ^^. 

20A^e5^ bagi;il];i, see soa^. 2. see 

2o?iocjrf, torlods;^ bagandara, ba- 
gaudala, ^. A carbuncle, 

malignant abscess on the 

eorieJo^ bagatuni (soaS), v. n. 
To straddle, stand astride. 

207irf|j, bagadatte, s. The name 
of a giant. 

2orl2or!bagabaga,.y.The crackling 
noise of conflagration. — ©oor 
oi fire to blaze with a noise. 
stoosjS eC(y ■^C)?^. eoct^S soa 
207TO (he says) "come son", 
while inwardly regards you 
with jealousy. 

20iiD* bagar\i, see so^^S. 

2or1d bagara, s. A bow. 

2orlo* bagalu, s. The armpit, 
the side from the armpit to 
the hip. — K sjszio?) to put or 
keep under the arm ; to mis- 

sorloo^ bagaluni, see eiX^osi. 

2or!s3 bagale, s. An Arabian 
ship. — srooso a larg3 mouth; 
a glutton. 

2ori^a)£3 bagalata, ^. Barking. 
2. clamouring, vociferation. 
— -do^o.?), see 20AS?ofi. 

Eorl^o bagalu, s. Eaving, wander- 
ing in mind, talking irra- 
tionally. ~7jo?^ delirium, in- 

2oris;^o^ bagaluni (s-Af), v.n. To 
bark, clamour, vociferate. 
2. to rave, talk irrationally. 

2o?i^ bagale, s. Distress, anguish, 
sorrow. 2. trouble, difficul- 
ties. —crooSo a man in trouble. 


2iA7) ba^a 


ijz^o baccu 

iJA^c^ bag-ari^, s. Seasoning. 

2on3?io^ bagasuni (a^Tx^co) v. a. 
To desire. 

Zi7\d bagu, see soK . 

wrij:3':3 bagutale, ^^^ ^^f^e^. 

toTijs;-:^!, cor!os;^o5i baguluni, ba- 
guluni, ^^^ soa^j?). 

tori bage, ^. Kind, manner, way, 
species. 2. means, resource, 
income. — t-v^^ to have pro- 
perty, stock, means, or sub- 
stance. — -rf^i^Ox^s* to acquire 
wealth ; to pay off; to do a 
favour; to commit mischief. 

t:if{zjA bagebage, s. Rank, grade, 
class, acij. Diverse, various. 
_?fe-djsc5 a variety of goods. 

larioJOJ^, t^fi^p bageyuni, bage- 
vuni (2^^), ^'- ^- To think, 
suppose, guess, imagine. "csS^— 
to deceive, intend evil, play 
the traitor. o2oc^ -dS eo^oSo 
he intended to ruin me. 

t^TV , £0-^^ baggu, baggu, s. Flat- 
tery, praise. 2. backbiting, 
tale-bearing. — 3::Dtdj^ to flat- 
ter; to bear tales. 
z^n^^p baggavuni, c. v. {of soXo^ 
^)) To cause to stoop, make 
bend, cower. 
ZjT\ baggi, s. An iron hook 

pointed at its both ends, 
i^rt^^ bagguni ('-y, v. n. To 
bend, bow, stoop. 2. to yield, 
Vif\ t> baggele, s. A bending or 
crouching man. 

'wori ';3 

bagtale, see so^d 

v.fs^ bagte, see ^f^. 

2..ri. bagye, postp. For, on ac- 
count of. 

zc^jsd) bacavu, i". Protection, 
deliverance, escape, —^ht^ 
to escape. — ^t^ to seek pro- 
tection. —^^0^^ to protect, 

Vf^ bacca, s. A fault, mistake. 
2. a young, as of an animal. 
^.see ^Ix^' — "^-^ a calf of 
not more than a year. — s^ 
oo.^ to pay a fine. 

202^ one)OwJ baccangayi, s. The 
water-melon, Cucumis cit- 

Zj'^of\<:^ baccangel^, s. Tired- 
ness, fatigue. 

jjz^ ^ baccane, see eozirjS. 

ecsff e3, too^ s? baccale, baccale, see 

20t?i5 ^^ baccavuni, ^. •::'. {of ai 
^2^^) '^'^ cause to dry, fade, 
stunt. 2. to tire, fatigue. 

2..Z& 6 baccire, s. The betel leaf. 
_rf 2oy.6 a betel salver. — rf 

i::5oO a venomous insect found 
on betel leaves. —^ --'s^ a 
bundle of about one hundred 
betel leaves. —^^?^ to chew 
betel leaves; to make peace. 
s^tJo^^— or "S-8j!>€i~, jcda^^— or 
^■RjsC—^ ^osi^^— or ticdjiC, 
^ooorf;^^— or ^luc:§jse3— are 
varieties of betel leaves. 
202^0^ baccuni i^%)^ 
become lean, thin. 



2. to 



2jej bata 

dry up, evaporate. 3. to be 
weary, tired, fatigued. "S^O^ 
5— the hands and legs to be 
tired. ?roe;so£o— to falter in 
speaking; to be thirsty, si^ 
E^'i^h^ to get tired; to grow 
lean; to be dried up, as a 

202§ ^^ baccelu, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, tiredness. 2. leanness. 
3. ebb; cf. &^^. — :3a^a to 
take rest, refresh one's self. 

20z§ 23 baccele, s. A thin man. 

sotd baja, see 203=^4- 

2otd?5^, sjzdN, z:)ti^ bajan^, baja- 
na, bajane, see s?si^. 

202d202;j bajabaja, aJj. Moist, 
moderately wet or softened 
with water. —-^jt^b cattle- 
fodder soaked in water. 

202^5^ bajavuj see so&b;^. 

2023Dr§, zjiZDziA bajani, bajanig-e, 
s. A broom, besom. 2. clean- 
liness, freedom from dirt, eU. 
3. a plain, open ground; c/. 
^j^cDc3. —-^o^o^^ to sweep, 

202jE)r3Jc>^ bajanyuni (203^3^), 7'. a. 
To long, wish; be greedy. 

2023i)03o?oo?i, 2ot3^?oJ?i bajayisuni, 
bajasuiii(203;sosooJ, so&doj), v. a. 
To beat, strike. 2. to eat 
heartily. 3. to do anything 
freely, without restraint. 

2wt3e)0 bajari, s. A harlot, whore, 
prostitute. 2. an immodest 
or indecent woman. 

2-23a)S3) bajavu, s. Dried leaves 
^/t., used as fuel. 2. beating 

2022 baji, adj. Empty, mere, only. 
2. vain, useless, false. — tf^ 
an empty hand, —tj-^'^o an ut- 
ter falsehood; an unfounded 
report, e^c, 

2v23^^ bajipuni, see s^^iio^. 

2o2323*bajiI^,i'. Paddy, moistened, 
dried, broiled, and beaten 
into wafers in a mortar. 
_3icg a kind of grass. —Tixi 
a kind of wreath made of 
similar wafers of gold. 

2j^ baje, s. Sweet-flag, Acorus 
calamus. — e5f? a mixture 
of sweet-flag and butter, so 
^^ psaiDOSoK ^=5^^^?^ to apply 
the paste of sweet-flag to the 
tongue (of children to im- 
prove articulation). 

2J2a ^f\ bajjanige, see sosi^rJ. 

2023 bajji, s. A mode of prepar- 
ing certain vegetables by 
baking them in embers, a 
kind of condiment. — S&^o^, 
—•rfos?o^?)to prepare the above. 

202§^o5j bajjeyi, s. The areca- 

nut, betel-nut. 
20gj bajra, see erofe^S. 

zob^SjDsl, 2oeJS3'5)cl bat^vade, ba- 
tavade, s. Distribution of 
money, etc. 

20 £j, 20 ^"3 bata, bata, adj. Open, 
wide. —^^^ an open plain. 
—•rfreAr a highway. 


u&jii bata 


2:>S badi 

Jobi)^ batate, s. A potato. 

zoeJSCc! batani, s. A kind of pease, 
Pisutn sativum. —tS^^